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dentinogenesis imperfecta

Shu-Feng Chuang, Yu-Hsuan Chen, Peter Ma, Helena H Ritchie
Phosphophoryn (PP) and dentin sialoprotein (DSP) are two of the most abundant dentin matrix non-collagenous proteins, and are derived from dentin sialoprotein-phosphophoryn (DSP-PP) mRNA. Mutations in the DSP-PP gene are linked to dentinogenesis imperfecta II and III. Previously, we reported transient DSP-PP expression in preameloblast cells first, followed by co-expression in preameloblasts and young odontoblasts, and finally sustained expression in odontoblasts. This phenomenon raised the possibility that DSP/PP proteins secreted by preameloblasts might promote dental pulp cell migration toward the dental pulp border and promote dental pulp cell differentiation...
December 10, 2018: Dentistry journal
Areej Alqadi, Anne C O'Connell
This qualitative study was conducted to explore parental attitudes and values regarding aesthetics and treatment needs of children in primary dentition affected by AI and DI. A purposive sample of parents of young children attended two focus groups: mothers (n = 7) and fathers (n = 6). A topic guide with open-ended questions was formulated and standardised photographs showing primary teeth affected by varying severity of AI/DI and photographs of different aesthetic treatments were utilised to stimulate discussion...
November 17, 2018: Dentistry journal
Xiao-Jie Xu, Fang Lv, Yu-Wen Song, Lu-Jiao Li, Asan, Xiu-Xiu Wei, Xiu-Li Zhao, Yan Jiang, Ou Wang, Xiao-Ping Xing, Wei-Bo Xia, Mei Li
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of hereditary disorders characterized by low bone mass and recurrent fractures. OI patients of autosomal recessive inheritance are extremely rare, of which OI type XIII is attributable to mutation in BMP1 gene. CASE REPORT: Here, we detect the pathogenic mutations and analyze their relation to the phenotypes in a Chinese family with OI using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing. We also evaluate the efficacy of alendronate treatment in the patient with OI type XIII...
November 5, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Kirstine Juhl Thuesen, Hans Gjørup, Jannie Dahl Hald, Malene Schmidt, Torben Harsløf, Bente Langdahl, Dorte Haubek
BACKGROUND: To report on dental characteristics and treatment load in Danish adult patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). METHODS: Oral examination of 73 patients with OI was performed and OI type I, III, and IV were represented by 75.3%, 8.2%, and 16.4%, respectively. Patients were diagnosed as having dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) if they had clinical and radiological signs of DI. In the data analysis, mild OI (type I) was compared to moderate-severe OI (type III and IV)...
October 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Didem Dagdeviren, Faleh Tamimi, Brendan Lee, Reid Sutton, Frank Rauch, Jean-Marc Retrouvey
Severe forms of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) are usually caused by mutations in genes that code for collagen Type I and frequently are associated with craniofacial abnormalities. However, the dental and craniofacial characteristics of OI caused by the p.Ser40Leu mutation in the IFITM5 gene have not been reported. We investigated a 15-year-old girl with severe OI caused by this mutation. She had marked deformations of extremity long bones. There were no clinical or radiological signs of dentinogenesis imperfecta, but one tooth was missing and several teeth were impacted...
October 5, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
C Baron, M Houchmand-Cuny, B Enkel, S Lopez-Cazaux
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and gender distributions of dental anomalies in French orthodontic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the dental files of orthodontic patients was conducted to investigate the frequencies of dental anomalies. Pretreatment intraoral photographs and panoramic radiographs were analyzed. The occurrence rates of various dental anomalies (as determined by the numbers, shapes, structures, exfoliations, and eruptions of teeth) were calculated as percentages and differences in gender distribution using Chi2 and Fisher tests...
October 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Ting Lu, Meiyi Li, Xiangmin Xu, Jun Xiong, Cheng Huang, Xuelian Zhang, Aiqin Hu, Ling Peng, Decheng Cai, Leitao Zhang, Buling Wu, Fu Xiong
Tooth development is a complex process that involves precise and time-dependent orchestration of multiple genetic, molecular, and cellular interactions. Ameloblastin (AMBN, also named "amelin" or "sheathlin") is the second most abundant enamel matrix protein known to have a key role in amelogenesis. Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI [MIM: 104500]) refers to a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by inherited developmental enamel defects. The hereditary dentin disorders comprise a variety of autosomal-dominant genetic symptoms characterized by abnormal dentin structure affecting either the primary or both the primary and secondary teeth...
September 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
J D Hald, L Folkestad, C Z Swan, J Wanscher, M Schmidt, H Gjørup, D Haubek, C-H Leonhard, D A Larsen, J Ø Hjortdal, T Harsløf, M Duno, A M Lund, J-E B Jensen, K Brixen, B Langdahl
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a disease causing bone fragility; however, it potentially affects all organs with a high content of collagen, including ears, teeth, and eyes. The study is cross-sectional and compares non-skeletal characteristics in adults with OI that clinicians should be aware of when caring for patients with OI. INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary connective tissue disorder. The skeletal fragility is pronounced; however, OI leads to a number of extra-skeletal symptoms related to the ubiquity of collagen type 1 throughout the human body...
December 2018: Osteoporosis International
K Andersson, B Malmgren, E Åström, G Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI) is a heritable disorder of dentin. Genetic analyses have found two subgroups in this disorder: DGI type I, a syndromic form associated with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), and DGI type II, a non-syndromic form. The differential diagnosis between types I and II is often challenging. Thus, the present cross-sectional study had two aims: to (i) investigate the prevalence and incidence of DGI type II among Swedish children and adolescents and (ii) search out undiagnosed cases of DGI type I by documenting the prevalence of clinical symptoms of OI in these individuals...
August 22, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Aiqin Hu, Xiaocong Li, Danna Chen, Ting Lu, Jin Huang, Xiangmin Xu, Dong Chen, Fu Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical phenotype of a Chinese pedigree affected with hereditary dentinogenesis imperfecta and mutation of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene. METHODS: Affected members underwent intraoral photography, dental film and panoramic radiography. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood samples. Coding regions of the DSPP gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. Functional effect of the mutation was predicted with SIFT and PolyPhen-2...
August 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Thantrira Porntaveetus, Thanakorn Theerapanon, Chalurmpon Srichomthong, Vorasuk Shotelersuk
Cole-Carpenter syndrome (CCS), commonly classified as a rare type of osteogenesis imperfecta, is a disorder with severe bone fragility, craniosynostosis, and distinct facial features. Recently, the heterozygous missense mutation, c.1178A>G, p.Tyr393Cys, in exon 9 of P4HB which encodes protein disulfide isomerase, has been found in three Caucasian patients with CCS. Ethnic background is known to affect clinical manifestations, especially facial features of dysmorphic syndromes. Here, we describe the first Asian CCS patient possessing the recurrent mutation in P4HB...
August 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Sabrina Garces, Barry Shipman, Alexandre Barbosa, Robert M Newman, Paul Benjamin
Dentinogenesis imperfecta type 2 (DI-2), also known as hereditary opalescent dentin, is a rare, genetically linked condition that affects both primary and permanent teeth. Severe attrition requiring full-mouth rehabilitation is a common finding associated with DI-2. Dental rehabilitation options include a variety of invasive and noninvasive restorative techniques dictated by the age of the patient. Growth and development must be considered and may result in a restorative challenge for the dental practitioner, particularly when the patient in question is a child...
July 2018: General Dentistry
Paula Perlea, Cristina Dragomir, Andreea Bodeanu, Anca Nicoleta Temelcea, Alexandru Andrei Iliescu
According to their phenotypic features, the hereditary dentin defects in humans are categorized in two major classes: dentinogenesis imperfecta and dentin dysplasia. At its turn, the dentin dysplasia is subdivided in dentin dysplasia type I and dentin dysplasia type II, a milder clinical manifestation of the condition. Here we report the clinical and radiographic findings of dentin dysplasia type II in two members of a family, a young adult female and her mother. Except a mild shade change of the incisal margins in upper central incisors and left upper canine of the daughter no abnormal occlusal wear or crown shape change of the teeth were disclosed in both patients...
2018: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Nadiah Mohd Nawawi, Nalini M Selveindran, Rahmah Rasat, Yock Ping Chow, Zarina Abdul Latiff, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Rahman Jamal, Nor Azian Abdul Murad, Bilkis Banu Abd Aziz
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic bone disease characterized by bone fragility and low bone mass. OI was mainly caused by genetic mutations in collagen genes, COL1A1 and COL1A2. Nevertheless, new genes have been identified to be causally linked to OI. The clinical features between each OI groups share great similarities and it is sometimes difficult for clinicians to diagnose the disease accurately. Here, we identify the genetic mutations of OI patients from Malaysia and correlate the genetic mutations with the clinical features...
September 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Linjun Chen, Zhenyu Diao, Zhipeng Xu, Jianjun Zhou, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder, presenting either autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked inheritance patterns. The majority of OI cases are autosomal dominant and are caused by heterozygous mutations in either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene. In these dominant disorders, allele dropout (ADO) can lead to misdiagnosis in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Polymorphic markers linked to the mutated genes have been used to establish haplotypes for identifying ADO and ensuring the accuracy of PGD...
May 15, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Thantrira Porntaveetus, Nunthawan Nowwarote, Thanaphum Osathanon, Thanakorn Theerapanon, Prasit Pavasant, Lawan Boonprakong, Kittisak Sanon, Sirivimol Srisawasdi, Kanya Suphapeetiporn, Vorasuk Shotelersuk
OBJECTIVES: Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) plays an important role in the mineralization of both dentin and bones. The Dspp null mice developed periodontal diseases. Patients with DSPP mutations have dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI), but very little is known about their bone characteristics. This study aims to characterize alveolar bone cells of a DGI patient with DSPP mutation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pathogenic variants were identified by whole exome and sanger sequencing...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Hua Zhang, Xiaohua Xie, Peihong Liu, Tian Liang, Yongbo Lu, Chunlin Qin
Mutations in the dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene cause dentinogenesis imperfecta. After synthesis, DSPP is proteolytically processed into NH2- and COOH-terminal fragments. The NH2-terminal fragment of DSPP is highly glycosylated but not phosphorylated, whereas the COOH-terminal fragment (named "dentin phosphoprotein" or "DPP") is highly phosphorylated but not glycosylated. These two fragments are believed to perform distinct roles in dentin formation. To analyze the functions of DPP in dentinogenesis, we created "Dspp-/-;DPP Tg mice", which expressed transgenic DPP driven by a Type I collagen promoter but lacked the endogenous Dspp gene...
2018: PloS One
Ivan Y Iourov, Maria A Zelenova, Svetlana G Vorsanova, Victoria V Voinova, Yuri B Yurov
During the last decades, a large amount of newly described microduplications and microdeletions associated with intellectual disability (ID) and related neuropsychiatric diseases have been discovered. However, due to natural limitations, a significant part of them has not been the focus of multidisciplinary approaches. Here, we address previously undescribed chromosome 4q21.2q21.3 microduplication for gene prioritization, evaluation of cognitive abilities and estimation of genomic mechanisms for brain dysfunction by molecular cytogenetic (cytogenomic) and gene expression (meta-) analyses as well as for neuropsychological assessment...
April 2018: Current Genomics
D Chen, X Li, F Lu, Y Wang, F Xiong, Q Li
Hereditary dentin disorders include dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI) and dentin dysplasia (DD), which are autosomal dominant diseases characterized by altered dentin structure such as abnormality in dentin mineralization and the absence of root dentin. Shields classified DGI into three subgroups and DD into two subtypes. Although they are all hereditary dentin diseases, they do not share the same causative genes. To date, the pathogenic genes of DGI type I, which is considered a clinical manifestation of syndrome osteogenesis imperfecta, include COL1A1 and COL1A2...
March 25, 2018: Oral Diseases
Y Song, D Zhao, X Xu, F Lv, L Li, Y Jiang, O Wang, W Xia, X Xing, M Li
We identified novel compound heterozygous mutations in SERPINH1 in a Chinese boy suffering from recurrent fractures, femoral deformities, and growth retardation, which resulted in extremely rare autosomal recessive OI type X. Long-term treatment of BPs was effective in increasing BMD Z-score, reducing fracture incidence and reshaping vertebrae compression. INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable bone disorder characterized by low bone mineral density, recurrent fractures, and progressive bone deformities...
June 2018: Osteoporosis International
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