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Types of abortion

Jianqiong Li, Xia Li, Hailan Yu, Xiao Zhang, Wenzhi Xu, Jianhua Yang
RATIONALE: Cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare event that carries a risk of heavy hemorrhage and emergency hysterectomy. Many treatment modalities have been reported, but with no consensus. Here we report a case of combined laparoscopic and hysteroscopic treatment with temporary occlusion of the bilateral internal iliac arteries. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old woman presented with amenorrhea diagnosed as an 11-week cesarean scar pregnancy after an unsuccessful abortion...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Siou-Luan He, Hsu-Liang Hsieh, Guang-Yuh Jauh
Successful pollen tube elongation is critical for double fertilization, but the biological functions of pollen tube genes and the regulatory machinery underlying this crucial process are largely unknown. A previous translatomic study revealed two Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) SAUR (SMALL AUXIN UP RNA) genes, SAUR62 and SAUR75, whose expression is upregulated by pollination. Here, we found that both SAUR62 and SAUR75 mainly localized to pollen tube nuclei. The siliques of homozygous saur62 (saur62/-), saur75 (saur75/-), and the SAUR62/75 RNA interference (RNAi) knockdown line had many aborted seeds...
August 9, 2018: Plant Physiology
Jie Liu, Jie Zheng, Ya-Lan Lei, Xiao-Feng Wen
We explored the strategy of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in the women with advanced maternal age (AMA). We first determined the age cut-off point of AMA by retrospective analysis of pregnancy outcomes in the patients undergoing FET. The patients with AMA were divided into 3 groups including natural cycle (NC) group, controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) group, and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) group, and simultaneously were divided into 2 groups including cleavage-stage embryo transfer (CET) group and blastocyst-stage embryo transfer (BET) group...
August 9, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Kun Tang, Xueqi Qu, Chunyan Li, Shihui Tan
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem worldwide. OBJECTIVES: We reported the prevalence of CSA and examined its association with risky sexual behaviors and adverse reproductive health outcomes among college students in China. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participants were 17,966 college students from 130 colleges in Eastern, Central, and Western China, who completed the online questionnaire in January-August 2015...
August 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Emily S Barrett, Wendy Vitek, Omar Mbowe, Sally W Thurston, Richard S Legro, Ruben Alvero, Valerie Baker, G Wright Bates, Peter Casson, Christos Coutifaris, Esther Eisenberg, Karl Hansen, Stephen Krawetz, Randal Robinson, Mitchell Rosen, Rebecca Usadi, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro, Michael Diamond
STUDY QUESTION: Among infertile women undergoing ovarian stimulation, is allostatic load (AL), a measure of chronic physiological stress, associated with subsequent fertility and pregnancy outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: AL at baseline was not associated with conception, spontaneous abortion or live birth, however, it was significantly associated with increased odds of pre-eclampsia and preterm birth among women who had a live birth in the study. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several studies have linked AL during pregnancy to adverse outcomes including preterm birth and pre-eclampsia, hypothesizing that it may contribute to well-documented disparities in pregnancy and birth outcomes...
August 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Yael Shachor-Meyouhas, Orna Eluk, Yuval Geffen, Irena Ulanovsky, Tatiana Smolkin, Shraga Blazer, Iris Stein, Imad Kassis
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as a challenging nosocomial pathogen in the last 50 years. OBJECTIVES: To describe an investigation and containment of an MRSA outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Our NICU is a 25-bed level III unit. Almost 540 neonates are admitted yearly. The index case was an 8 day old term baby. MRSA was isolated from his conjunctiva. Immediate infection control measures were instituted, including separation of MRSA+ carriers, strict isolation, separate nursing teams, and screening of all infants for MRSA...
August 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Peijie Gong, Yan Li, Yujin Tang, Rong Wei, Zhu Huijun, Yuejin Wang, Chaohong Zhang
Vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs), belonging to cysteine protease, are responsible for processing seed protein during maturation. Stenospermocarpic grapes occur self-abortion in fertilized embryos during the ovule development, which affects the formation of matured seed proteins. However, little is known about VPE functions in ovule self-defeating. Here, we investigated the role of one seed-type VPE gene, VvβVPE. Sequence analysis showed that all ORFs (Open reading frames) of VvβVPE from 19 seed/seedless genotypes are highly conserved...
September 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Rahul Priyadarshi, Hari P S Arremsetty, Akhilesh K Singh, Durga Khandekar, Kandasamy Ulaganathan, Vinay Shenoy, Pallavi Sinha, Vikas K Singh
The degree of heterosis in different hybrid rice varieties is reported to be at the highest in indica / japonica cross combination, however, there is a problem of sterility and semi-sterility in such inter sub specific hybrids. To overcome this problem, it is essential to develop parental lines having wide compatibility ( S5 n ) gene. In this study, a functional marker S5-InDel was used for marker-assisted backcrossing (MABB) to introgress S5 n gene from Dular into the genetic background of a widely grown recurrent parent IR 58025B, a maintainer line of wild-abortive (WA) cytoplasmic male sterile line, IR 58025A...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Tsai-Bei Lin, Men-Fong Hsieh, Ying-Chung Hou, Yu-Ling Hsueh, Hui-Ping Chang, Yuan-Tsung Tseng
The aim of this study was to quantitatively estimate the long-term risk of abortion-related consequences and comorbidities.We identified 36,375 patients with at least 2 diagnosed abortions from 2000 to 2013 and included them in the abortion group. This group was further subdivided into 4 subgroups: spontaneous abortion, induced abortion, nonspecific abortion, and mixed-type abortion groups. For comparison, another 36,375 pregnant women from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan were included in the nonabortion group...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Waleed Mohammad, Denise Lopez, Michael Isley, Jonathan H Phillips
BACKGROUND: Perioperative spinal cord injury and postoperative neurological deficits are the major complications in spinal surgery. Monitoring of spinal cord function is of crucial importance. Somatosensory evoked potentials and transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials are now widely used in cervical spine surgery. Although much has been written on spinal cord monitoring in adult spinal surgery, very little has been published on the incidence and management of monitoring of cervical spine surgery in the pediatric population...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Wimon Sirimaharaj
IMPORTANCE: Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (FEEM) is a congenital anomaly with a skull base defect at the foramen caecum and a protrusion of meninges and brain tissue through an external defect on the face. The external defect was classified to nasofrontal, nasoethmoidal, naso-orbital, combined, and abortive type. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to present a newly discovered internasal type (IN) of FEEM. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six FEEM patients' preoperative 3-dimensional computer tomography scans were studied in the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand followed by treatment from 2006 to 2016...
July 31, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Keith A Dufendach, Katherine Timothy, Michael J Ackerman, Benjamin Blevins, Andreas Pflaumer, Susan Etheridge, James Perry, Nico A Blom, Joel Temple, Devyani Chowdhury, Jonathan R Skinner, Christopher Johnsrude, Andras Bratincsak, J Martijn Bos, Maully Shah
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate contemporary clinical outcomes and identify triggers for arrhythmias or sudden death in an international cohort of Timothy Syndrome (TS) patients including those with novel TS-associated CACNA1C mutations. BACKGROUND: TS is an extremely rare genetic disorder of the L-type cardiac channel Cav 1.2 encoded by CACNA1C. The syndrome is characterized by multisystem abnormalities consisting of QT prolongation, congenital heart defects, syndactyly, facial dysmorphism, and neurological symptoms...
April 2018: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Elizabeth Janiak, Sonya Freeman, Rie Maurer, Lisa F Berkman, Alisa B Goldberg, Deborah Bartz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the role of worksite characteristics, job role, and abortion stigma in clinical abortion workers' occupational stress. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited nurses, medical assistants, and counseling staff who provide abortion care at 5 hospitals and 4 freestanding clinics in Massachusetts. Study instruments assessed individual-level abortion stigma (the perception that others treat abortion as shameful, dirty, and socially taboo) using the Abortion Provider Stigma Scale, job strain through the Job Content Questionnaire, and emotional burnout through the Depersonalization, Emotional Exhaustion, and Personal Accomplishment subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
July 24, 2018: Contraception
Nahid Nafissi, Maryam Faraji, Mostafa Hosseini, Leyla Shojaee, Fatane Ziaei, Mohamad Esmaiel Akbari, Seyed Hamzeh Mousavie
Background: Due to wide clinical differences in the various pathological types of breast cancer and also close associations between disease prognosis and molecular subtypes, relationships of the latter with traditional risk factors have been suggested. Hence, the present study aimed to assess any associations. Methods: This bi-center cross-sectional study was performed on 800 consecutive women with known breast cancer referred to two Comprehensive Cancer Centers in Tehran between 2006 and 2016. Baseline information related to reproductive risk profiles as well as pathological tumor diagnosis and molecular subtypes determined using immunohistochemical analysis by immune-staining for ER, PR, and HER2 molecules were collected by reviewing hospital records...
July 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jun-Chao Xie, Shuai Yang, Xue-Yuan Liu, Yan-Xin Zhao
The prognostic role of marital status in patients with astrocytoma has not been fully explored. In this study we investigated the association of marital status and survival of astrocytoma. We extracted the eligible patients with astrocytoma diagnosed after 2000 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. The marital status was classified into married, divorced/separated, widowed, and single. The differences in OS and CSS were compared using the Kaplan-Meier log-rank test, and multivariate Cox regression was applied to analyze the risk factors for OS and CSS...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Ayodeji Oginni, Sikiratu Kailani Ahmadu, Nkiruka Okwesa, Isaac Adejo, Hauwa Shekerau
Objective: This study aimed to measure individual-level abortion stigma (ILAS) and determine its correlates among women receiving safe elective abortion services. Patients and methods: Data were collected from a cross-section of women who received safe elective abortion services in select intervention health facilities. Respondents were recruited through a self-selection sampling. ILAS was assessed using a 16-item scale (Cronbach's alpha =0.9122). Respondents were categorized as high (summed score >40) or low ILAS (summed score ≤40) on a spectrum of a summed minimum score of 16 to a maximum score of 64...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
H I Hosein, Hoda Mohamed Zaki, Nesreen Mohamed Safwat, Ahmed M S Menshawy, Sherin Rouby, Ayman Mahrous, Bahaa El-Deen Madkour
Background and Aim: Brucellosis is a major constraint to livestock production in Egypt as well as many developing countries worldwide. Bovine brucellosis is an economically important disease with reproductive failure as a principal manifestation resulting in abortion, premature birth and decreased milk production in females, and orchitis and epididymitis in males. In spite of the efforts of Egyptian veterinary services to overcome brucellosis, the disease is still prevalent in both animals and humans and represents one of the most important public health hazards in Egypt...
June 2018: Veterinary World
Flavia S Mueller, Marcello Polesel, Juliet Richetto, Urs Meyer, Ulrike Weber-Stadlbauer
Rodent models of maternal immune activation (MIA) are increasingly used as experimental tools to study neuronal and behavioral dysfunctions in relation to infection-mediated neurodevelopmental disorders. One of the most widely used MIA models is based on gestational administration of poly(I:C) (= polyriboinosinic-polyribocytdilic acid), a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA that induces a cytokine-associated viral-like acute phase response. The effects of poly(I:C)-induced MIA on phenotypic changes in the offspring are known to be influenced by various factors, including the precise prenatal timing, genetic background, and immune stimulus intensity...
July 17, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Nadine Wentzell, Tania Schink, Ulrike Haug, Sandra Ulrich, Marieke Niemeyer, Rafael Mikolajczyk
PURPOSE: For studying drug utilization and safety in pregnancy based on administrative health care data, the reliable identification and classification of pregnancy outcomes in the data is essential. We aimed to optimize an existing algorithm for the identification and classification of pregnancy outcomes in the German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database (GePaRD) with a particular focus on births. METHODS: We reconsidered all codes used by the original algorithm and applied it to data of GePaRD from 2006 to 2014...
July 18, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Łukasz Olewnik, Anna Waśniewska, Michał Polguj, Michał Podgórski, Piotr Łabętowicz, Kacper Ruzik, Mirosław Topol
PURPOSE: The palmaris longus (PL) muscle is characterized by high-morphological variability. It is clinically important as it is routinely harvested for the reconstruction of other tendons. The study characterizes the morphology of the PL in human fetuses and creates a new classification based on its variations that would relate to the spectrum of morphological variability in adults. METHODS: Eighty spontaneously aborted human foetuses (44 male, 36 female, 160 upper limbs), aged 18-38 weeks of gestation, were examined...
July 18, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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