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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810491/the-body-compassion-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#1
Jennifer K Altman, Ken Linfield, Paul G Salmon, Abbie O Beacham
As the newer mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive behavioral therapies continue to grow, it is important that corresponding valid and reliable assessment tools are developed and evaluated. This article describes the initial development and validation of the body compassion scale. The body compassion scale is a theoretically derived measure designed to bridge the constructs of body image and self-compassion to provide a targeted measure of underlying mindfulness and acceptance-based constructs. Herein, two studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and examining subsequent relationships among other health-related constructs in college-age samples are presented...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810473/the-effect-of-self-compassion-on-the-self-regulation-of-health-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#2
David D Biber, Rebecca Ellis
The purpose of this review was to systematically review the published research on the effect of self-compassion interventions on health behaviors. A self-regulation intervention was defined as participants engaged in goal-setting behavior, goal-directed behavior, monitoring, and/or adjusting health behavior. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in this review. Self-compassion interventions were just as effective as other behavior change techniques at improving self-regulation of health behavior...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810444/the-role-of-self-disgust-in-eating-psychopathology-in-overweight-and-obesity-can-self-compassion-be-useful
#3
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This study explores the relationship between self-disgust and eating psychopathology and whether self-compassion plays a mediator role on this relationship. Participants were 203 adults, from both genders, with overweight and obesity ( MBMI = 31.17, standard deviation = 5.43). Women reported higher levels of self-disgust and eating psychopathology and lower levels of self-compassion than men. Path analysis results suggested that the effect of self-disgust on eating psychopathology occurred partially through one's inability to be self-compassionate...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#4
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802198/body-image-in-emerging-adults-the-protective-role-of-self-compassion
#5
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13-18 years, mean=18.36 (1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#6
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799282/self-compassion-is-associated-with-optimum-self-care-behaviour-medical-outcomes-and-psychological-well-being-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-adults-with-diabetes
#7
M Ferrari, M Dal Cin, M Steele
AIM: To investigate the role of self-compassion in diabetes outcomes, a construct which may be relevant to chronic conditions, given its focus on compassion toward oneself, especially in times of difficulty. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we collected data online from 310 adults diagnosed with diabetes. The questionnaire measured three primary outcomes: self-management behaviours; HbA1c levels and psychological well-being. Potential predictors were also assessed, including self-compassion, locus of control, social support and demographics...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#8
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780213/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-intervention-in-reducing-stress-and-burnout-for-mental-health-professionals-in-singapore
#9
Yang Suyi, Pamela Meredith, Asaduzzaman Khan
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout have been shown to be a concern among mental health professionals in several countries including Singapore, and can affect quality of care and staff turnover. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a mindfulness program in increasing mindfulness and compassion, and reducing stress and burnout, among mental health professionals in Singapore. METHODS: The study utilized data from a prospective pre-post study design with follow-up...
July 1, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#10
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774227/therapists-perspectives-on-suicide-a-conceptual-model-of-connectedness
#11
Cian Aherne, Barry Coughlan, Paul Surgenor
BACKGROUND: A sense of disconnection for people who are suicidal seems to be a key construct of previous literature. Therapists' ways of encountering and understanding people who are suicidal have not been previously researched in depth using qualitative methodologies. AIMS: The current study aims to develop a theoretical framework for the role played by connectedness in relation to suicide based on the perspectives of psychotherapists working in the field of suicide intervention...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759151/the-phenomenology-of-self-critical-thinking-in-people-with-depression-eating-disorders-and-in-healthy-individuals
#12
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
OBJECTIVES: To explore the phenomenology of self-criticism, and the relationship with constructs such as rumination and perfectionism. DESIGN: The study followed a three-group (Depression, n = 26; Eating Disorder, n = 26; Non-clinical, n = 26) mixed methods design. METHOD: Participants completed a set of questionnaires and were interviewed about the occurrence, impact, and content of self-critical thinking, along with their beliefs about self-criticism...
July 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757901/teacher-competence-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-depression-and-its-relation-to-treatment-outcome
#13
Marloes J Huijbers, Rebecca S Crane, Willem Kuyken, Lot Heijke, Ingrid van den Hout, A Rogier T Donders, Anne E M Speckens
As mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) becomes an increasingly mainstream approach for recurrent depression, there is a growing need for practitioners who are able to teach MBCT. The requirements for being competent as a mindfulness-based teacher include personal meditation practice and at least a year of additional professional training. This study is the first to investigate the relationship between MBCT teacher competence and several key dimensions of MBCT treatment outcomes. Patients with recurrent depression in remission (N = 241) participated in a multi-centre trial of MBCT, provided by 15 teachers...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738756/nostalgia-s-place-among-self-relevant-emotions
#14
Wijnand A P van Tilburg, Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides
How is nostalgia positioned among self-relevant emotions? We tested, in six studies, which self-relevant emotions are perceived as most similar versus least similar to nostalgia, and what underlies these similarities/differences. We used multidimensional scaling to chart the perceived similarities/differences among self-relevant emotions, resulting in two-dimensional models. The results were revealing. Nostalgia is positioned among self-relevant emotions characterised by positive valence, an approach orientation, and low arousal...
July 24, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689104/-fitspo-or-loveyourself-the-impact-of-fitspiration-and-self-compassion-instagram-images-on-women-s-body-image-self-compassion-and-mood
#17
Amy Slater, Neesha Varsani, Phillippa C Diedrichs
This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images...
July 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685971/self-compassion-moderates-the-predictive-effects-of-implicit-cognitions-on-subjective-well-being
#18
Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Anthony D G Marks
This study examined whether self-compassion may regulate the effects of implicit cognitions (automatic and preconscious responses) on the subjective well-being of Australian adults (N = 132). As hypothesized, self-compassion moderated the predictive effects of 2 implicit cognitions (positive attention bias and implicit self-esteem) on 2 indicators of subjective well-being (life satisfaction and depressive symptoms). Low implicit self-esteem and weak positive attention bias predicted more depressive symptoms and lower life satisfaction only for participants who were low in self-compassion...
July 6, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664763/brief-compassion-focused-imagery-for-treatment-of-severe-head-injury
#19
Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD: Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures were Motivation for Intervention and Fears of Compassion Scales, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and PANAS...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661195/optimising-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Robert Simpson, Sharon Byrne, Karen Wood, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
Objectives To gather views from patients with multiple sclerosis after completing a standard eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction course and optimise and test a modified version as required. Methods Two successive groups of 25 multiple sclerosis patients received mindfulness-based stress reduction in a wait-list randomised controlled trial. Seventeen participants and two mindfulness-based stress reduction instructors were individually interviewed after the first (standard) course and 16 participants and the same two instructors were interviewed following the second (optimised) course...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
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