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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530346/-seeds-of-mindfulness-in-the-desert-preliminary-results-from-a-clinical-trial-in-the-mindfulness-clinic-mental-health-center-beer-sheva
#1
Lee Tibi Cohen, Keren Reiner Noy, Ayelet Shmulevich, Oded Arbel
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based therapies are rooted in the Buddhist tradition, and promote cultivation of qualities such as open awareness, acceptance and compassion. While various studies have demonstrated the efficacy of integrating mindfulness in therapeutic practice for people suffering from clinical conditions such as depression and anxiety as well as the non-clinical population, this was rarely replicated in Israel. In the Mindfulness Clinic, located in the Mental Health Center, Beer Sheva, mindfulness workshops are now available for diverse populations dealing with various challenges such as daily stress, chronic pain, and depression...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525587/assessing-the-psychedelic-after-glow-in-ayahuasca-users-post-acute-neurometabolic-and-functional-connectivity-changes-are-associated-with-enhanced-mindfulness-capacities
#2
Frederic Sampedro, Mario de la Fuente Revenga, Marta Valle, Natalia Roberto, Elisabet Domínguez-Clavé, Matilde Elices, Luís Eduardo Luna, José Alexandre S Crippa, Jaime E C Hallak, Draulio B de Araujo, Pablo Friedlander, Steven A Barker, Enrique Álvarez, Joaquim Soler, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Jordi Riba
Background: Ayahuasca is a plant tea containing the psychedelic 5-HT2A agonist N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and harmala monoamine-oxidase inhibitors. Acute administration leads to neurophysiological modifications in brain regions of the default mode network (DMN), purportedly through a glutamatergic mechanism. Post-acutely, ayahuasca potentiates mindfulness capacities in volunteers, and induces rapid and sustained antidepressant effects in treatment-resistant patients. However, the mechanisms underlying these fast and maintained effects are poorly understood...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515801/effectiveness-and-usability-of-a-web-based-mindfulness-intervention-for-families-living-with-mental-illness
#3
Sigrid Stjernswärd, Lars Hansson
Families living with mental illness express needs of support and experiences of burden that may affect their own health detrimentally and hence also their ability to support the patient. Mindfulness-based interventions have shown beneficial health effects in both clinical and healthy populations. The aim of the current study was to explore the effectiveness and usability of a web-based mindfulness program for families living with mental illness, which was first tested in a feasibility study. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial with an experiment group and a wait-list control group with assessments on primary and secondary outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and at a 3-month follow-up...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515539/why-does-positive-mental-health-buffer-against-psychopathology-an-exploratory-study-on-self-compassion-as-a-resilience-mechanism-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategy
#4
Hester R Trompetter, Elian de Kleine, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
Growing evidence suggests that positive mental health or wellbeing protects against psychopathology. How and why those who flourish derive these resilient outcomes is, however, unknown. This exploratory study investigated if self-compassion, as it continuously provides a friendly, accepting and situational context for negative experiences, functions as a resilience mechanism and adaptive emotion regulation strategy that protects against psychopathology for those with high levels of positive mental health. Participants from the general population (n = 349) provided measures at one time-point on positive mental health (MHC-SF), self-compassion (SCS-SF), psychopathology (HADS) and negative affect (mDES)...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511703/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Robert Simpson, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may help, but has been little studied in MS, particularly among more disabled individuals. METHODS: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and likely effectiveness of a standard MBSR course for people with MS...
May 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496356/evaluation-of-a-specialized-yoga-program-for-persons-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kathryn Curtis, Sander L Hitzig, Gitte Bechsgaard, Candice Stoliker, Charlene Alton, Nicole Saunders, Nicole Leong, Joel Katz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of a specialized yoga program for individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) on pain, psychological, and mindfulness variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with SCI (n=23) were outpatients or community members affiliated with a rehabilitation hospital. Participants were randomized to an Iyengar yoga (IY; n=11) group or to a 6-week wait-list control (WLC; n=12) group...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481837/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-exploring-possible-statistical-mediators-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Maja Johannsen, Maja O'Connor, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Anders Bonde Jensen, Robert Zachariae
OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible statistical mediators in a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on pain intensity in women treated for primary breast cancer. METHODS: The sample consisted of 129 women treated for breast cancer, presenting with persistent pain, who were randomly assigned to MBCT or a wait-list control. We previously reported a statistically significant and robust effect of MBCT on pain intensity (11-point Numeric Rating Scale), which was included as the primary outcome...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478848/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-oncology-nurses-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms
#8
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
PURPOSE: This study explored the role of several psychological factors in professional quality of life in nurses. Specifically, we tried to clarify the relationships between several dimensions of empathy, self-compassion, and psychological inflexibility, and positive (compassion satisfaction) and negative (burnout and compassion fatigue) domains of professional quality of life. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 221 oncology nurses recruited from several public hospitals filling out a battery of self-report measures...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475370/stomaching-rejection-self-compassion-and-self-esteem-moderate-the-impact-of-daily-social-rejection-on-restrictive-eating-behaviours-among-college-women
#9
Janine B Beekman, Michelle L Stock, George W Howe
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether having high self-esteem or a self-compassionate perspective help mitigate the impact of daily social rejection on negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey assessing self-esteem and self-compassion, 121 college women completed online daily diaries for one week. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. RESULTS: On days when women reported more rejection, they also reported higher restrictive eating behaviours and greater negative affect...
May 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#10
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463733/investigation-of-self-compassion-self-confidence-and-submissive-behaviors-of-nursing-students-studying-in-different-curriculums
#11
Şahizer Eraydın, Şerife Karagözoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Today, nursing education which educates the future members of the nursing profession aims to gain them high self-esteem, selfconfidence and self-compassion, independence, assertiveness and ability to establish good human relations. This aim can only be achieved through a contemporary curriculum supporting students in the educational process and enabling those in charge to make arrangements by taking the characters and needs of each individual into account. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate self-compassion, self-confidence and submissive behaviours of undergraduate nursing students studying in different curriculums...
April 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421951/mindfulness
#12
Toni McIntosh
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The CPD article discussed mindfulness and self-compassion, and how these concepts can improve nurses' well-being and their ability to provide compassionate care.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#13
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#14
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#15
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410972/fostering-resilience-among-mothers-under-stress-authentic%C3%A2-connections-groups-for-medical-professionals
#16
Suniya S Luthar, Alexandria Curlee, Susannah J Tye, Judith C Engelman, Cynthia M Stonnington
BACKGROUND: We report on effects of an intervention to foster resilience among professional women at high risk for stress and burnout: health care providers (physicians, PhD clinicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who are mothers. METHODS: Between February and November 2015, 40 mothers on staff at the Mayo Clinic, Arizona, were assigned randomly to either 1) 12 weekly 1-hour sessions of a structured, relational supportive intervention, the Authentic Connections Groups (n = 21) with protected time to attend sessions or to 2) 12 weekly hours of protected time to be used as desired (controls; n = 19)...
April 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393485/can-self-compassion-promote-healthcare-provider-well-being-and-compassionate-care-to-others-results-of-a-systematic-review
#17
Shane Sinclair, Jane Kondejewski, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Kathryn M King-Shier, Pavneet Singh
BACKGROUND: This meta-narrative review, conducted according to the RAMESES (Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) standards, critically examines the construct of self-compassion to determine if it is an accurate target variable to mitigate work-related stress and promote compassionate caregiving in healthcare providers. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched. Studies were coded as referring to: (1) conceptualisation of self-compassion; (2) measures of self-compassion; (3) self-compassion and affect; and (4) self-compassion interventions...
April 10, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374207/comparative-effects-of-mindfulness-and-support-and-information-group-interventions-for-parents-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-other-developmental-disabilities
#18
Yona Lunsky, Richard P Hastings, Jonathan A Weiss, Anna M Palucka, Sue Hutton, Karen White
This study evaluated two community based interventions for parents of adults with autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities. Parents in the mindfulness group reported significant reductions in psychological distress, while parents in the support and information group did not. Reduced levels of distress in the mindfulness group were maintained at 20 weeks follow-up. Mindfulness scores and mindful parenting scores and related constructs (e.g., self-compassion) did not differ between the two groups...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361569/processes-of-change-in-a-school-based-mindfulness-programme-cognitive-reactivity-and-self-coldness-as-mediators
#19
Katleen Van der Gucht, Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes, Peter Kuppens
The underlying mechanisms of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for emotional well-being remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the potential mediating effects of cognitive reactivity and self-compassion on symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress using data from an earlier randomised controlled school trial. A moderated time-lagged mediation model based on multilevel modelling was used to analyse the data. The findings showed that post-treatment changes in cognitive reactivity and self-coldness, an aspect of self-compassion, mediated subsequent changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress...
March 31, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360948/are-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-related-to-psychological-distress-and-communication-in-couples-facing-lung-cancer-a-dyadic-approach
#20
Melanie P J Schellekens, Johan C Karremans, Miep A van der Drift, Johan Molema, Desiree G M van den Hurk, Judith B Prins, Anne E M Speckens
Lung cancer patients and their spouses report high rates of distress. Due to the increasing popularity of and evidence for mindfulness-based interventions in cancer, mindfulness and self-compassion have been identified as potentially helpful skills when coping with cancer. This dyadic study examined how mindfulness and self-compassion are related to psychological distress and communication about cancer in couples facing lung cancer. Using the actor-partner interdependence model, self-reported mindfulness, self-compassion, psychological distress and communication about cancer were analyzed in a cross-sectional sample of 88 couples facing lung cancer...
2017: Mindfulness
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