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Self-compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689104/-fitspo-or-loveyourself-the-impact-of-fitspiration-and-self-compassion-instagram-images-on-women-s-body-image-self-compassion-and-mood
#3
Amy Slater, Neesha Varsani, Phillippa C Diedrichs
This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images...
July 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685971/self-compassion-moderates-the-predictive-effects-of-implicit-cognitions-on-subjective-well-being
#4
Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Anthony D G Marks
This study examined whether self-compassion may regulate the effects of implicit cognitions (automatic and preconscious responses) on the subjective well-being of Australian adults (N = 132). As hypothesized, self-compassion moderated the predictive effects of 2 implicit cognitions (positive attention bias and implicit self-esteem) on 2 indicators of subjective well-being (life satisfaction and depressive symptoms). Low implicit self-esteem and weak positive attention bias predicted more depressive symptoms and lower life satisfaction only for participants who were low in self-compassion...
July 6, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664763/brief-compassion-focused-imagery-for-treatment-of-severe-head-injury
#5
Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD: Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures were Motivation for Intervention and Fears of Compassion Scales, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and PANAS...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661195/optimising-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Robert Simpson, Sharon Byrne, Karen Wood, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
Objectives To gather views from patients with multiple sclerosis after completing a standard eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction course and optimise and test a modified version as required. Methods Two successive groups of 25 multiple sclerosis patients received mindfulness-based stress reduction in a wait-list randomised controlled trial. Seventeen participants and two mindfulness-based stress reduction instructors were individually interviewed after the first (standard) course and 16 participants and the same two instructors were interviewed following the second (optimised) course...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658807/effect-of-yoga-on-psychological-functioning-of-nursing-students-a-randomized-wait-list-control-trial
#7
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Rajesh K Sasidharan
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students experience considerable amount of stress to meet their professional demands. Yoga is an effective practice to reduce stress and improve psychological well being. However, improvement in psychological well being aids in stress management. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of eight week yoga intervention on psychological functioning of nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised Wait List Control (WLC) trial, we recruited total 100 students from Kempegowda Institute of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India and randomized them into two groups (yoga=50 and WLC=50 students)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653024/data-for-korean-college-students-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-self-compassion-anxiety-and-depression
#8
Ju Ri Joeng, Sherri L Turner, Eun Young Kim, Seung Ae Choi, Jung Ki Kim, Yu Jeong Lee
The data presented in this article are from 473 Korean college students׳ responses to an online survey consisting of measures of anxious and avoidant attachment (the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Scale: ECR-R), self-compassion (Neff׳s Self-Compassion Scale: SCS), depression (the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale: CES-D) and anxiety (the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-the Trait Anxiety Scale: STAT-T). Each variable was measured by a Korean version of the instrument. Participants were recruited from three universities in South Korea: 288 were men and 185 were women; 199 were undergraduate and 273 were graduate students...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639407/factorial-structure-and-construct-validity-of-an-italian-version-of-the-fears-of-compassion-scales-a%C3%A2-study-on-non-clinical-subjects
#9
Francesco Dentale, Nicola Petrocchi, Michele Vecchione, Claudia Biagioli, Accursio Gennaro, Cristiano Violani
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at investigating the factorial structure and the construct validity of the Italian translation of the Fears of Compassion (FC) Scales in a non-clinical sample (i.e., Fear of Compassion From Others [FCFO], Fear of Compassion Towards Others [FCTO] and Fear of Self-Compassion [FSC]). An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on all the items to investigate the dimensionality of the FC scales. To assess construct validity, correlations between the FC scales and a series of construct-related measures were analysed...
June 22, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629886/-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-program-to-reduce-stress-and-prevent-burnout-in-primary-care-health-professionals
#10
Gloria Aranda Auserón, M Rosario Elcuaz Viscarret, Carmen Fuertes Goñi, Victoria Güeto Rubio, Pablo Pascual Pascual, Enrique Sainz de Murieta García de Galdeano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Program on the levels of stress and burnout in Primary Care health professionals. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Training in Mindfulness was offered to 1,281 health professionals in Navarra (Spain) Primary Care, and 48 of them accepted. The participants were randomly assigned to groups: 25 to the intervention group, and the remaining 23 to the control group...
June 16, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617025/confronting-the-new-epidemic-integrated-care-for-opioid-use-disorders
#11
Christine N Runyan, Amber L Hewitt, Stephen A Martin, Daniel Mullin
The inaugural Collaborative Family Health Care (CFHA) regional conference took place March 17, 2017, in St. Louis, Missouri. The conference theme was opioid use disorders and the potential of medication-assisted treatment using team-based care to address this epidemic. The conference ended with an emphasis on the importance of and strategies for self-care among caregivers working with this population and their families. This intensive meeting was crafted as a proof in concept for CFHA; however, the content was timely with regard to its importance in health care as well as compelling in the opportunity for collaborative care to offer an effective approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#12
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610511/mindfulness
#13
Georgina O'Reilly-Foley
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The article discussed how mindfulness and self-compassion can enhance compassionate care. At a time when the NHS is under increased pressure and media scrutiny, it was useful to read about strategies that support nurses to manage this pressure and maintain high standards of care.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609650/brief-report-a-preliminary-comparison-of-self-compassion-between-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-thoughts-and-actions
#14
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yaxuan Ren, Rui Sun, Shiyi Liao, Jianjun Zhu, Na Ma
Despite the public health significance of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents, little is known about the possible overlaps or differences between individuals with NSSI thoughts and those with NSSI actions. The present study compared between individuals with different NSSI status on self-compassion. With a sample of 606 Chinese adolescents (38.8% females; Mage = 13.58, SD = 1.04), we investigated differences on the six subscales of the Self-Compassion Scale (i.e., self-kindness/self-judgment, common humanity/isolation, and mindfulness/over-identification) across three groups: NSSI-action group (n = 86), NSSI-thought group (n = 98), and no-NSSI group (n = 422)...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609407/burnout-and-mindfulness-self-compassion-in-nurses-of-intensive-care-units-cross-sectional-study
#15
Pilar Gracia-Gracia, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez
Nursing staff has been identified as one of the main risk groups for the development of burnout. The objective of this study is to analyze the ability of self-compassion mindfulness related to burnout in nurses of intensive care units. The results show that the level of burnout of nursing staff is inversely related to their level of self-compassion.
July 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598025/a-diary-study-of-self-compassion-upward-social-comparisons-and-body-image-related-outcomes
#16
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Louisa Dodos, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person differences) between appearance-related self-compassion, appearance-related threats (operationalised as upward appearance comparisons), and body image-related variables, namely, social physique anxiety, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A diary methodology was used whereby young women (n = 126; Mage = 21...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#17
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
July 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586713/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-perfectionism-including-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictors
#18
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey Wade, Sarah Egan, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Per Carlbring, Andreas Landström, Stina Roos, Malin Skoglund, Elisabet Thelander, Linnéa Trosell, Alexander Örtenholm, Gerhard Andersson
Being highly attentive to details can be a positive feature. However, for some individuals, perfectionism can lead to distress and is associated with many psychiatric disorders. Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown to yield many benefits for those experiencing problems with perfectionism, but the access to evidence-based care is limited. The current study investigated the efficacy of guided Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) and predictors of treatment outcome. In total, 156 individuals were included and randomized to an eight-week treatment or wait-list control...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558537/self-compassion-and-confucian-coping-as-a-predictor-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-impoverished-chinese-undergraduates
#19
Zhou Lihua, Chen Gui, Jiang Yanghua, Liu Liqiong, Chen Jian
The ability of self-compassion and Confucian coping to predict anxiety and depression were examined in impoverished Chinese undergraduate students. Three hundred and thirty impoverished undergraduates completed measures of self-compassion, Confucian coping, depression, and anxiety. Results showed that higher self-compassion predicted lower depression and anxiety in impoverished undergraduates. Higher pro-setback thinking and responsibility thinking of Confucian coping were related with lower depression and anxiety...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548918/palliative-care-professionals-care-and-compassion-for-self-and-others-a-narrative-review
#20
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
INTRODUCTION: Compassion is arguably central to palliative care. However, calls for the restoring of compassionate care suggest a need for greater understanding and promotion of compassion in practice. Drawing upon the Foucauldian concept 'Care of the Self', this review explored the literature relating to palliative care professionals' self-care, self-compassion, and compassion for others. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched using identified key words...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
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