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Michail Mantzios, Helen Egan, Henna Bahia, Misba Hussain, Rebecca Keyte
Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however, has not been explored. In a cross-sectional study, university students ( n  = 261) were recruited to explore the relationship of mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion with current weight and grazing...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Amy E Mitchell, Koa Whittingham, Stanley Steindl, James Kirby
To evaluate the acceptability and potential utility of a small package of online resources designed to improve self-compassion for mothers of infants. A within-groups repeated-measures study design was used. A community sample of 262 mothers who were ≤ 24 months post-partum were given access to a set of online resources (two videos plus a tip sheet) that outlined simple techniques for increasing self-compassion drawn from compassion-focused therapy (CFT). Participants completed pre-intervention assessment, followed by post-intervention assessment 1 month later...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
R M Gracia Gozalo, J M Ferrer Tarrés, A Ayora Ayora, M Alonso Herrero, A Amutio Kareaga, R Ferrer Roca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a mindfulness training program on the levels of burnout, mindfulness, empathy and self-compassion among healthcare professionals in an Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. DESIGN: A longitudinal study with an intrasubject pre-post intervention design was carried out. SETTING: Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 32 subjects (physicians, nurses and nursing assistants) participated in the study...
March 12, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Vinayak Dev, Antonio T Fernando, Anecita Gigi Lim, Nathan S Consedine
BACKGROUND: Burnout has numerous negative consequences for nurses, potentially impairing their ability to deliver compassionate patient care. However, the association between burnout and compassion and, more specifically, barriers to compassion in medicine is unclear. This article evaluates the associations between burnout and barriers to compassion and examines whether dispositional self-compassion might mitigate this association. HYPOTHESIS: Consistent with prior work, the authors expected greater burnout to predict greater barriers to compassion...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Michael P Bogenschutz, Samantha K Podrebarac, Jessie H Duane, Sean S Amegadzie, Tara C Malone, Lindsey T Owens, Stephen Ross, Sarah E Mennenga
After a hiatus of some 40 years, clinical research has resumed on the use of classic hallucinogens to treat addiction. Following completion of a small open-label feasibility study, we are currently conducting a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of psilocybin-assisted treatment of alcohol use disorder. Although treatment effects cannot be analyzed until the study is complete, descriptive case studies provide a useful window into the therapeutic process of psychedelic-assisted treatment of addiction...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Paolo Scocco, Luigi Zerbinati, Antonio Preti, Alessandro Ferrari, Stefano Totaro
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether a programme of mindfulness-based weekend retreats (Panta Rhei) is able to improve mood states, mindfulness qualities, and self-compassion in family members and friends of suicide victims (suicide survivors). DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study. METHODS: Sixty-one suicide survivors participated in a mindful-self-compassion retreat. The Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Profile of Mood States (POMS), and the Self-Compassion Scale were administered 4-6 days before and after the retreat...
March 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Marlene Werner, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Lourens Waldorp, Tanja Jurin
BACKGROUND: In spite of a growing interest in research on hypersexuality, consensus about its etiology and best treatment strategy has not been achieved. AIM: To further the empirical and clinical understanding of hypersexuality by exploring the structure of its symptoms using a network analytic approach. METHODS: In 2014, an online survey advertised as focusing on Internet pornography, sexual health, and relationships was carried out among Croatian men and women aged 18-60 years (Mage  = 31...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Jamie-Lee Pennesi, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study compared two brief online interventions, imagery rescripting and cognitive dissonance, to an assessment-only control condition in a sample of body-dissatisfied young women at risk of developing an eating disorder. We examined the degree to which each intervention reduced disordered eating and modified risk and protective factors for eating disorders. METHOD: Female university students (N = 107, 17-28 years of age) completed a screening questionnaire, followed by random allocation to one of the three conditions, followed by a baseline assessment, body dissatisfaction induction, and brief online intervention...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Oksana Babenko, Anna Oswald
AIM: Competency-based medical education aims to foster mastery goals in learners. We examined medical students' mastery approach (beneficial) and mastery avoidance (maladaptive) goals and their associations with students' basic psychological needs, self-compassion, and self-efficacy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study employing an online questionnaire. Two hundred medical students in all four years of the medical program completed the questionnaire, containing measures of mastery goals, basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness), self-compassion, and self-efficacy...
March 1, 2018: Medical Teacher
Eric C Meyer, Sheila B Frankfurt, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morrisette
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) strongly predicts greater disability and lower quality of life (QOL). Mindfulness-based and other third-wave behavior therapy interventions improve well-being by enhancing mindfulness, self-compassion, and psychological flexibility. We hypothesized that these mechanisms of therapeutic change would comprise a single latent factor that would predict disability and QOL after accounting for PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans (N = 117) completed a study of predictors of successful reintegration...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Huaiyu Zhang, Erika R Carr, Amanda G Garcia-Williams, Asher E Siegelman, Danielle Berke, Larisa V Niles-Carnes, Bobbi Patterson, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Nadine J Kaslow
Research has identified the experience of shame as a relevant predictor of depressive symptoms. Building upon resilience theory, this is the first study to investigate if self-compassion and/or contingent self-worth (i.e., family support and God's love) mediate the link between shame and depressive symptoms. Participants were 109 African Americans, within the age range of 18 and 64, who sought service following a suicide attempt from a public hospital that serves mostly low-income patients. Findings suggest that shame was related to depressive symptoms through self-compassion but not through contingent self-worth, underscoring the significant role that self-compassion plays in ameliorating the aggravating effect of shame on depressive symptoms...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Lotte Janssen, Cornelis C Kan, Pieter J Carpentier, Bram Sizoo, Sevket Hepark, Melanie P J Schellekens, A Rogier T Donders, Jan K Buitelaar, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: There is a high need for evidence-based psychosocial treatments for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to offer alongside treatment as usual (TAU). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a promising psychosocial treatment. This trial investigated the efficacy of MBCT + TAU v. TAU in reducing core symptoms in adults with ADHD. METHODS: A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial ( NCT02463396)...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Jason T Hotchkiss
BACKGROUND: Effective self-care in hospice is anecdotally proclaimed to reduce burnout risk. Yet, the topic has received little empirical attention. PURPOSE: This study developed a model for predicting burnout risk from compassion satisfaction (CS), secondary traumatic stress (STS), and mindful self-care. PARTICIPANTS: Hospice care professionals (n = 324). DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-report survey. RESULTS: Mindful self-care was correlated with CS ( r = 0...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Madeleine Ferrari, Keong Yap, Nicole Scott, Danielle A Einstein, Joseph Ciarrochi
BACKGROUND: Psychological practitioners often seek to directly change the form or frequency of clients' maladaptive perfectionist thoughts, because such thoughts predict future depression. Indirect strategies, such as self-compassion interventions, that seek to change clients' relationships to difficult thoughts, rather than trying to change the thoughts directly could be just as effective. This study aimed to investigate whether self-compassion moderated, or weakened, the relationship between high perfectionism and high depression symptoms in both adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
L-K Shaw, K A Sherman, J Fitness, E Elder
OBJECTIVE: Many un-partnered women report difficulty in forming romantic relationships after breast cancer, characterized by high dating-related anxiety and low perceived interpersonal competence. This study examined the relationship between poor body image (appearance investment and body dissatisfaction) and self-compassion, and women's ability to form romantic relationships post-breast cancer. METHODS: Women (N=152) diagnosed with breast cancer, who were either un-partnered and expressed interest in romantic dating, or who had commenced a relationship post-diagnosis, completed an online survey...
February 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sara Oliveira, Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira
Body compassion is a new construct which incorporates two multidimensional concepts: body image and self-compassion. Self-compassion has been revealed as a protective mechanism against body image and eating-related-related disturbances, including eating disorders. However, the study of this compassionate competence specifically focused on the domain of the body is still largely unexplored. This study aims to test whether body compassion moderate the impact of external shame on body image shame and disordered eating, in a sample of 354 women from the Portuguese general population...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
Adina Coroiu, Linda Kwakkenbos, Chelsea Moran, Brett Thombs, Cornelia Albani, Sophia Bourkas, Markus Zenger, Elmar Brahler, Annett Körner
BACKGROUND: Published validation studies have reported different factor structures for the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure of the SCS in a large general population sample representative of the German population. METHODS: A German population sample completed the SCS and other self-report measures. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in MPlus was used to test six models previously found in factor analytic studies (unifactorial model, two-factor model, three-factor model, six-factor model, a hierarchical (second order) model with six first-order factors and two second-order factors, and a model with arbitrarily assigned items to six factors)...
2018: PloS One
Charlotte Dewsaran-van der Ven, Saskia van Broeckhuysen-Kloth, Shiva Thorsell, Ron Scholten, Véronique De Gucht, Rinie Geenen
'Third wave' cognitive-behavioral therapies have given a boost to the study of resilience factors, such as self-compassion. To get an indication of the potential clinical relevance of self-compassion for somatoform disorder, this study examined whether self-compassion in patients with somatoform disorder is lower than in the general population, and whether self-compassion is associated with number of symptoms and health-related quality of life. Two-hundred-and-thirty-six participants with somatoform disorder and 236 subjects from the general population, matched on sex and age, filled out questionnaires regarding self-compassion (SCS), number of symptoms (PSC) and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D)...
December 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Celine M Ko, Fran Grace, Gilbert N Chavez, Sarah J Grimleya, Emily R Dalrymple, Lisa E Olson
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to have psychological benefits in college students. We explored the effects of an academic seminar on compassion on student psychological health. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one participants (14 male, 27 female, mean age 19.8 ±1.4 years) were assessed pre- and post- spring semesters 2013 and 2014. METHODS: Students were randomized to the seminar on compassion or a wait-list control group...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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