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Self-compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#1
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344359/group-schema-therapy-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol
#2
Fiona Calvert, Evelyn Smith, Rob Brockman, Susan Simpson
Background: The treatment of eating disorders is a difficult endeavor, with only a relatively small proportion of clients responding to and completing standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Given the prevalence of co-morbidity and complex personality traits in this population, Schema Therapy has been identified as a potentially viable treatment option. A case series of Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders (ST-E-g) yielded positive findings and the study protocol outlined in this article aims to extend upon these preliminary findings to evaluate group Schema Therapy for eating disorders in a larger sample (n = 40)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328351/mindful-self-compassion-how-it-can-enhance-resilience
#3
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell, Angela Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307134/contributions-of-psychological-needs-self-compassion-leisure-time-exercise-and-achievement-goals-to-academic-engagement-and-exhaustion-of-canadian-medical-students
#4
Oksana Babenko, Amber Mosewich, Joseph Abraham, Hollis Lai
Purpose: To investigate contributions of psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness) and coping strategies (self-compassion, leisure-time exercise, achievement goals) to Canadian medical students' engagement and exhaustion. Methods: This was an observational study. Two hundred undergraduate medical students participated in the study: 60.4% were female; 95.4% were 20-29 years old; 23.0% in year 1, 30.0% in year 2, 21.0% in year 3, and 26.0% in year 4...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294950/improving-emotional-and-cognitive-outcomes-for-domestic-violence-survivors-the-impact-of-shelter-stay-and-self-compassion-support-groups
#5
Ashley Batts Allen, Emily Robertson, Gail A Patin
This study examined the effectiveness of a domestic violence shelter and tested the impact of a self-compassion support group curriculum on outcomes valued by shelters such as autonomy, emotional restoration, and safety. Data were collected from 251 women staying in a domestic violence shelter who had the opportunity to attend a self-compassion support group during their stay. Women completed a pre- and posttest survey assessing self-compassion, empowerment, positive emotion, and perceptions of safety. First, women experienced a positive change ( N = 36) from pretest to posttest across all four outcome variables, suggesting the domestic violence shelter was effective at improving survivors' well-being...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290209/self-compassion-physical-fitness-and-climacteric-symptoms-in-oophorectomized-brca1-2-mutation-carriers
#6
Marieke Arts-de Jong, Liselore L van Westerop, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Leon F Massuger, Angela H Maas, Maria H van Beek, Joanne A de Hullu
OBJECTIVES: To reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, BRCA1/2 mutation carriers are advised to undergo salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) around the age of 40 years. This may induce severe climacteric symptoms, potentially lowering their quality of life. Personal positive resources such as physical fitness and self-compassion may help women to deal with these symptoms. We investigated the association of climacteric symptoms with self-compassion and physical fitness in oophorectomized BRCA1/2 mutation carriers...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280249/-it-s-when-you-re-not-doing-too-much-you-feel-tired-a-qualitative-exploration-of-fatigue-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#7
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is commonly experienced in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. In order to develop patient-centred psychosocial interventions to help patients manage fatigue symptoms, a more in-depth understanding regarding the experience of fatigue is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore renal patients' experiences of fatigue, across renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities. METHODS: Twenty-five in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted...
December 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251782/the-association-between-self-compassion-and-treatment-outcomes-session-level-and-treatment-level-effects
#8
Lior Galili-Weinstock, Roei Chen, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Tuvia Peri, Eshkol Rafaeli
OBJECTIVE: Self-compassion (SC) has been consistently linked to less psychopathology; however, the link between changes in client's SC levels and psychotherapy outcomes has yet to be explored. METHOD: Clients at a university-based community clinic completed SC and outcome measures session by session (N = 112) as well as pre- to posttreatment (N = 70). RESULTS: Increases in clients' SC levels across the entire therapeutic process were associated with improvement in all posttreatment outcomes...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251381/inhibitors-and-facilitators-of-compassion-focused-imagery-in-personality-disorder
#9
Iona Naismith, Amanda Mwale, Janet Feigenbaum
BACKGROUND: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has potential to benefit clients with a personality disorder (PD), given the inflated levels of shame and self-criticism in this population. However, clinical observation indicates that clients with PD may find techniques from this approach challenging. AIMS: The aim of this study is to trial one aspect of CFT, compassion-focused imagery (CFI), with this population, and identify factors that predict clients' ability to generate CFI and experience self-compassion during the task, including type of CFI exercise and, second, to establish whether CFI outcomes increase with practice...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241104/the-relationship-between-self-compassion-and-the-risk-for-substance-use-disorder
#10
Cynthia L Phelps, Samantha M Paniagua, Irmgard U Willcockson, Jennifer S Potter
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between substance use disorder risk and self-compassion and posits a model for how the two are related through the mitigation of suffering. METHOD: Study participants were recruited using social media to complete an online survey that included a basic socio-demographic survey and two validated instruments, the Self-Compassion Survey and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), which screens for substance use disorder (SUD) risk...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218966/building-compassion-literacy-enabling-care-in-primary-health-care-nursing
#11
Letitia Helen Burridge, Sarah Winch, Margaret Kay, Amanda Henderson
This paper introduces the concept of compassion literacy and discusses its place in nursing within the general practice setting. Compassion literacy is a valuable competency for sustaining the delivery of high quality care. Being compassion literate enables practice nurses to provide compassionate care to their patients and to recognise factors that may constrain this. A compassion literate practice nurse may be more protected from compassion fatigue and its negative consequences. Understanding how to enable self-compassion and how to support the delivery of compassionate care within the primary care team can enhance the care experienced by the patient while improving the positive engagement and satisfaction of the health professionals...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214405/spiritual-well-being-and-its-relationship-with-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-correlation-study
#12
Monali D Mathad, S K Rajesh, Balaram Pradhan
The present study aimed to explore the correlates and predictors of spiritual well-being among nursing students. One hundred and forty-five BSc nursing students were recruited from three nursing colleges in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Data were collected using SHALOM, FMI, SCS-SF and SWLS questionnaires and analysed by the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression analysis. The results of our study revealed a significant correlation between variables, and a considerable amount of variance was explained by self-compassion, mindfulness and satisfaction with life on personal, communal, environmental and transcendental domains of spiritual well-being...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209501/association-among-self-compassion-childhood-invalidation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptomatology-in-a-singaporean-sample
#13
Shian-Ling Keng, Yun Yi Wong
Background: Linehan's biosocial theory posits that parental invalidation during childhood plays a role in the development of borderline personality disorder symptoms later in life. However, little research has examined components of the biosocial model in an Asian context, and variables that may influence the relationship between childhood invalidation and borderline symptoms. Self-compassion is increasingly regarded as an adaptive way to regulate one's emotions and to relate to oneself, and may serve to moderate the association between invalidation and borderline symptoms...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201246/differential-effects-of-attention-compassion-and-socio-cognitively-based-mental-practices-on-self-reports-of-mindfulness-and-compassion
#14
Lea K Hildebrandt, Cade McCall, Tania Singer
Research on the effects of mindfulness- and compassion-based interventions is flourishing along with self-report scales to assess facets of these broad concepts. However, debates remain as to which mental practices are most appropriate to develop the attentional, cognitive, and socio-affective facets of mindfulness and compassion. One crucial question is whether present-moment, attention-focused mindfulness practices are sufficient to induce a cascade of changes across the different proposed facets of mindfulness, including nonjudgmental acceptance, as well as compassion or whether explicit socio-affective training is required...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198366/the-effectiveness-of-self-compassion-and-self-esteem-writing-tasks-in-reducing-body-image-concerns
#15
Veya Seekis, Graham L Bradley, Amanda Duffy
This study investigated whether single-session self-compassion and self-esteem writing tasks ameliorate the body image concerns evoked by a negative body image induction. Ninety-six female university students aged 17-25 years (Mage=19.45, SD=1.84) were randomly assigned to one of three writing treatment groups: self-compassion, self-esteem, or control. After reading a negative body image scenario, participants completed scales measuring state body appreciation, body satisfaction, and appearance anxiety. They then undertook the assigned writing task, and completed the three measures again, both immediately post-treatment and at 2-week follow-up...
December 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168607/the-relationship-between-perceived-organisational-threat-and-compassion-for-others-implications-for-the-nhs
#16
Lauren Elizabeth Henshall, Tim Alexander, Philip Molyneux, Eric Gardiner, Ashleigh McLellan
The National Health Service (NHS) is known to be a challenging place to work, with financial and performance targets placing increasing pressure on the organisation. This study aimed to investigate whether these pressures and threats might be detrimental to the quality of care and the compassion that the NHS strives to deliver. Quantitative data were collected via self-report questionnaires from healthcare professionals across 3 NHS trusts in England in order to measure Self-compassion; Compassion for Others; Perceived Organisational Threat; and Perceived Organisational Compassion...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166219/to-be-kind-or-not-to-be-kind-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion-in-the-relationship-between-general-resourcefulness-and-academic-self-regulation
#17
Rebecca D Martin, Deborah J Kennett
We investigated whether the relationship between students' general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation changes as a function of self-compassion. A predominantly female sample of 196 undergraduates completed inventories assessing these and other measures. The significant moderating effect of self-compassion revealed that the positive relationship between general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation was stronger for participants scoring low in self-compassion than high in self-compassion. For those low in self-compassion, scoring low in general resourcefulness was associated with the lowest academic self-regulation, whereas scoring high in general resourcefulness was associated with the greatest academic self-regulation...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163871/grief-rumination-mediates-the-association-between-self-compassion-and-psychopathology-in-relatives-of-missing-persons
#18
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Maarten C Eisma, Jos de Keijser, Paul A Boelen
Background: The disappearance of a loved one is a unique type of loss, also termed 'ambiguous loss', which may heighten the risk for developing prolonged grief (PG), depression, and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. Little is known about protective and risk factors for psychopathology among relatives of missing persons. A potential protective factor is self-compassion, referring to openness toward and acceptance of one's own pain, failures, and inadequacies. One could reason that self-compassion is associated with lower levels of emotional distress following ambiguous loss, because it might serve as a buffer for getting entangled in ruminative thinking about the causes and consequences of the disappearance ('grief rumination')...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157869/adapting-and-validating-a-measure-of-diabetes-specific-self-compassion
#19
M L Tanenbaum, R N Adams, J S Gonzalez, S J Hanes, K K Hood
AIMS: Self-compassion (SC), or treating oneself with kindness when dealing with personal challenges, has not been rigorously examined in people with T1D. SC has been shown to buffer against negative emotions and to be linked to improved health outcomes, but diabetes-specific SC has not been studied. This study aimed to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale and validate it for a diabetes-specific population. METHODS: We developed and validated a diabetes-specific version of the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003) in a sample of adults with T1D (N=542; 65% female; 97% non-Hispanic White; M age 41, SD=15...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144981/barriers-to-self-compassion-for-female-survivors-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-roles-of-fear-of-self-compassion-and-psychological-inflexibility
#20
Derrecka M Boykin, Sara J Himmerich, Caitlin M Pinciotti, Lindsay M Miller, Lynsey R Miron, Holly K Orcutt
Preliminary evidence has demonstrated the benefits of targeting self-compassion in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, survivors of childhood maltreatment may present with unique challenges that compromise the effectiveness of these and other PTSD treatments. Specifically, childhood maltreatment victims often exhibit a marked fear and active resistance of self-kindness and warmth (i.e., fear of self-compassion). Victims may also attempt to control distressing internal experiences in a way that hinders engagement in value-based actions (i...
November 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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