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Self-compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166219/to-be-kind-or-not-to-be-kind-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion-in-the-relationship-between-general-resourcefulness-and-academic-self-regulation
#1
Rebecca D Martin, Deborah J Kennett
We investigated whether the relationship between students' general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation changes as a function of self-compassion. A predominantly female sample of 196 undergraduates completed inventories assessing these and other measures. The significant moderating effect of self-compassion revealed that the positive relationship between general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation was stronger for participants scoring low in self-compassion than high in self-compassion. For those low in self-compassion, scoring low in general resourcefulness was associated with the lowest academic self-regulation, whereas scoring high in general resourcefulness was associated with the greatest academic self-regulation...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163871/grief-rumination-mediates-the-association-between-self-compassion-and-psychopathology-in-relatives-of-missing-persons
#2
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Maarten C Eisma, Jos de Keijser, Paul A Boelen
Background: The disappearance of a loved one is a unique type of loss, also termed 'ambiguous loss', which may heighten the risk for developing prolonged grief (PG), depression, and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. Little is known about protective and risk factors for psychopathology among relatives of missing persons. A potential protective factor is self-compassion, referring to openness toward and acceptance of one's own pain, failures, and inadequacies. One could reason that self-compassion is associated with lower levels of emotional distress following ambiguous loss, because it might serve as a buffer for getting entangled in ruminative thinking about the causes and consequences of the disappearance ('grief rumination')...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157869/adapting-and-validating-a-measure-of-diabetes-specific-self-compassion
#3
M L Tanenbaum, R N Adams, J S Gonzalez, S J Hanes, K K Hood
AIMS: Self-compassion (SC), or treating oneself with kindness when dealing with personal challenges, has not been rigorously examined in people with T1D. SC has been shown to buffer against negative emotions and to be linked to improved health outcomes, but diabetes-specific SC has not been studied. This study aimed to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale and validate it for a diabetes-specific population. METHODS: We developed and validated a diabetes-specific version of the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003) in a sample of adults with T1D (N=542; 65% female; 97% non-Hispanic White; M age 41, SD=15...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144981/barriers-to-self-compassion-for-female-survivors-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-roles-of-fear-of-self-compassion-and-psychological-inflexibility
#4
Derrecka M Boykin, Sara J Himmerich, Caitlin M Pinciotti, Lindsay M Miller, Lynsey R Miron, Holly K Orcutt
Preliminary evidence has demonstrated the benefits of targeting self-compassion in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, survivors of childhood maltreatment may present with unique challenges that compromise the effectiveness of these and other PTSD treatments. Specifically, childhood maltreatment victims often exhibit a marked fear and active resistance of self-kindness and warmth (i.e., fear of self-compassion). Victims may also attempt to control distressing internal experiences in a way that hinders engagement in value-based actions (i...
November 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#5
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120280/self-compassion-mediates-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms
#6
Hannah J Scheibner, Anna Daniels, Simon Guendelman, Franca Utz, Felix Bermpohl
Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties with mindfulness. How mindfulness influences BPD symptoms, however, is still unknown. We hypothesized that the relationship between mindfulness and BPD symptoms would be mediated by self-compassion. In study 1, we recruited 29 individuals with BPD and 30 group-matched healthy controls. In study 2, we complemented our results with findings from a larger, nonclinical sample of 89 participants that were recruited during an open-house event at the local university...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119672/self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-parents-of-young-people-and-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#7
Suzanne Robinson, Richard P Hastings, Jonathan A Weiss, Jaffni Pagavathsing, Yona Lunsky
BACKGROUND: Parenting an individual with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) can be challenging, particularly during adulthood. It is important to better understand ways of supporting families as individuals with IDD age. Self-compassion is a potential internal coping resource for parents, and is strongly linked to positive mental health outcomes, though research has yet to examine it in parents of adults with IDD. METHOD: The current study examines the association between self-compassion and measures of well-being for 56 parents of adults with IDD...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094531/developing-and-maintaining-compassionate-care-in-nursing
#8
Amanda Henderson, Jenny Jones
Compassionate care is a fundamental aspect of nursing, and is an important value that is embedded in nurses' professional standards and codes of practice. However, nurses may experience several challenges in their practice that can impede their ability to provide compassionate care. This article aims to support and guide nurses in developing their capacity to be compassionate. It explores concepts related to compassion, including compassion satisfaction, fatigue, literacy and self-compassion, and outlines strategies that nurses can implement to promote compassionate care...
September 20, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089214/examining-the-roles-of-self-compassion-and-resilience-on-health-related-quality-of-life-for-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Joonkoo Yun, Vicki Ebbeck
BACKGROUND: There are over 400,000 individuals living with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in the U.S. These individuals experience unpredictable relapses of disabling conditions and poorer quality of life than the general population. Recent literature suggests self-compassion and resilience may improve wellness in this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of self-compassion and resilience on perceived health-related quality of life for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) using mediation analysis...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082831/a-mindfulness-training-program-based-on-brief-practices-m-pbi-to-reduce-stress-in-the-workplace-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#10
M Arredondo, M Sabaté, N Valveny, M Langa, R Dosantos, J Moreno, L Botella
Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the employees before and after 8-weeks M-PBI program, as well as after a 20-week follow-up, was assessed (primary endpoint). The employees also carried the following questionnaires (secondary endpoints): Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering (EQ-D), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS)...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077873/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-intervention
#11
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Susanna Crowell McQuarrie, Bonney Reed-Knight
Objective: Nurse burnout is a significant issue, with repercussions for the nurse, patients, and health-care system. Our prior mixed-methods analyses helped inform a model of burnout in nurses working with youth with chronic pain. Our aims were to (a) detail the development of an intervention to decrease burnout; (b) evaluate the intervention's feasibility and acceptability; and (c) provide preliminary outcomes on the intervention. Method: In total, 33 nurses working on a pediatric inpatient care unit that admits patients with chronic pain conditions participated in the single-session 90-min groups (eight to nine nurses per group)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#12
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056099/kindness-toward-one-s-self-and-body-exploring-mediational-pathways-between-early-memories-and-disordered-eating
#13
Cláudia Ferreira, Sara Oliveira, Ana Laura Mendes
Recent literature has emphasized the role played by early emotional experiences on body image and eating-related psychopathology. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying the link between positive rearing experiences and eating psychopathology remain scarcely explored. Thus, this study aimed to explore a model in which it was hypothesized that early emotional experiences, characterized by warmth, safeness, and soothing, are negatively associated with disordered eating through higher levels of self-compassion and a more positive and caring relationship with one's own body...
October 23, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044607/compassion-focused-therapy-exploring-the-effectiveness-with-a-transdiagnostic-group-and-potential-processes-of-change
#14
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029675/a-meta-analysis-of-compassion-based-interventions-current-state-of-knowledge-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
James N Kirby, Cassandra L Tellegen, Stanley R Steindl
OBJECTIVE: Scientific research into compassion has burgeoned over the past 20 years and interventions aiming to cultivate compassion towards self and others have been developed. This meta-analysis examined the effects of compassion-based interventions on a range of outcome measures. METHOD: Twenty-one randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the last 12 years were included in the meta-analysis, with data from 1,285 participants analyzed. Effect sizes were standardized mean differences calculated using the difference in pre-post change in the treatment group and control group means, divided by the pooled pre-intervention standard deviation...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992586/self-compassion-is-more-effective-than-acceptance-and-reappraisal-in-decreasing-depressed-mood-in-currently-and-formerly-depressed-individuals
#16
Anna M Ehret, Jutta Joormann, Matthias Berking
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion has recently been discussed as an effective affect regulation strategy for reducing negative affective states. The primary aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy of self-compassion to the more established strategies of acceptance and reappraisal. METHODS: For this purpose, we induced depressed mood in formerly, currently and never depressed individuals (n=30 each) at four different time-points. Participants were instructed to regulate their emotions after each mood induction by either waiting, employing self-compassion, accepting their emotions or reappraising the situation...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989552/inflexible-youngsters-psychological-and-psychopathological-correlates-of-the-avoidance-and-fusion-questionnaire-for-youths-in-nonclinical-dutch-adolescents
#17
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Anke Herings, Marieke Jansen, Chris Vossen, Pina Kersten
The present study examined psychological and psychopathological correlates of psychological inflexibility as measured by the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y) in two independent samples of nonclinical Dutch adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years (Ns being 184 and 157). Participants completed a survey containing the AFQ-Y and scales assessing mindfulness, thought suppression, self-compassion, self-worth, self-efficacy, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. In both samples, the AFQ-Y was found to be a reliable measure of psychological inflexibility that correlated in a theoretically meaningful way with other psychological constructs...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989549/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-psychological-distress-and-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#18
Roos J Blankespoor, Melanie P J Schellekens, Sandra H Vos, Anne E M Speckens, Brigit A de Jong
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) often suffer from psychological distress and cognitive dysfunctioning. These factors negatively impact the health-related quality of life. Only recently behavioral therapeutic approaches are being used to treat psychological distress in MS. The aim of the present pilot study was not only to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on psychological distress but also to explore whether it can improve cognitive functioning among patients with MS...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989548/mindful-with-your-baby-feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-mindful-parenting-group-training-for-mothers-and-their-babies-in-a-mental-health-context
#19
Eva S Potharst, Evin Aktar, Marja Rexwinkel, Margo Rigterink, Susan M Bögels
Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies. The presence of the babies provides on-the-spot practicing opportunities and facilitates generalization of what is learned...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960625/exploring-the-paths-between-dysfunctional-attitudes-towards-motherhood-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion
#20
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
Better understanding how cognitive processes operate to influence women's depressive symptoms during the postpartum period is crucial for informing preventive and treatment approaches. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between women's dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood and depressive symptoms, considering the mediating role of negative automatic thoughts and the moderating role of self-compassion. A sample of 387 women in the postpartum period cross-sectionally answered a set of questionnaires to assess dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood, negative automatic thoughts (general and postpartum-specific), depressive symptoms, and self-compassion...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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