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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780891/mind-body-skills-training-for-resident-wellness-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention
#1
Laura E Romcevich, Suzanne Reed, Stacy R Flowers, Kathi J Kemper, John D Mahan
Background: Interventions to address burnout include mind-body skills training (MBST), but few studies have evaluated the feasibility of MBST for busy pediatric residents. Objective: In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a brief MBST intervention, using in-person peer-led training supported by online modules, to decrease stress and burnout in pediatric resident physicians. Methods: Of 99 (10%) residents, 10 residents at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio participated in up to four 90-minute MBST sessions more than 1 month, led by a co-resident with 5 years of informal training in mind-body skills...
January 2018: Journal of medical education and curricular development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779791/effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nursing-workers
#2
Shirlene Aparecida Lopes, Bruna Pesce Vannucchi, Marcelo Demarzo, Ângelo Geraldo José Cunha, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório Nunes
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a prevalent disorder in nursing workers worldwide. Several studies have proposed measures to mitigate this critical scenario. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been found to have promising results in the treatment of this disorder. AIMS: To quantify the effectiveness of an adapted mindfulness program (AMP) in the management of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) in nursing technicians of a Brazilian university hospital. DESIGN: This study was a clinical, prospective, open, repeated measures trial, with data collection between January and July 2015...
May 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758583/gender-role-conflict-emotional-approach-coping-self-compassion-and-distress-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-model-of-direct-and-moderating-effects
#3
Jennifer Lennon, David Hevey, Louise Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Gender role conflict or the negative consequences of male socialization may compromise men's adjustment to prostate cancer by shaping how patients perceive and cope with their illness. Given mixed findings regarding how gender role conflict interacts with emotional approach coping to regulate distress in prostate cancer patients, the present study examined the effects of emotional approach coping, when considered alongside self-compassion, the ability to be kind and understanding of oneself...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734467/the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion-on-weight-and-shape-concerns-and-eating-pathology-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Lauren A Stutts, Kerstin K Blomquist
OBJECTIVE: The present study employed a longitudinal design to examine the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between weight/shape concerns and the outcomes of eating pathology and stress in a diverse college student population. METHOD: Participants were 765 students who completed measures of self-compassion, weight/shape concerns, eating pathology, and stress over their first 2 years of college. We tested whether self-compassion attenuated the relation between weight/shape concerns at the beginning of college and eating pathology, and stress later in college...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723135/exploring-the-self-compassion-of-health-care-social-workers-how-do-they-fare
#6
Joann Lianekhammy, J Jay Miller, Jacquelyn Lee, Natalie Pope, Sheila Barnhart, Erlene Grise-Owens
Indubitably, the challenges facing health-care social workers are becoming increasingly complex. Whilst these problematic professional circumstances compound the need for self-compassion among health-care social workers, few studies, if any, have explicitly examined self-compassion among this practitioner group. This cross-sectional study explored self-compassion among a sample of practitioners (N = 138) in one southeastern state. Results indicate that health-care social workers in this sample engage in self-compassion only moderately...
May 3, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723129/self-compassion-coping-strategies-and-caregiver-burden-in-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#7
Joanna Lloyd, Jane Muers, Tom G Patterson, Magdalena Marczak
OBJECTIVE: Caring for someone with dementia can have negative consequences for caregivers, a phenomenon known as caregiver burden. Coping strategies influence the impact of caregiving-related stress. Specifically, using emotion-focused strategies has been associated with lower levels of burden, whereas dysfunctional strategies have been related to increased burden. The concept of self-compassion has been linked to both positive outcomes and the coping strategies that are most advantageous to caregivers...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705463/modern-postural-yoga-as-a-mental-health-promoting-tool-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Rita B Domingues
Yoga has been gaining popularity as a complementary therapy for mental health conditions, but research on the efficacy of yoga is still in its beginnings. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of modern postural yoga (strong focus on physical postures) on positive mental health (PMH) indicators in clinical and nonclinical populations. The most common PMH indicators were mindfulness, affect, resilience and well-being, followed by satisfaction with life, self-compassion, empathy and others...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704968/body-image-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-5-an-abbreviation-using-genetic-algorithms
#9
Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi
Body image concerns are typically linked with negative outcomes such as disordered eating and diminished well-being, but some people can exhibit psychological flexibility and remain committed to their valued goals despite being dissatisfied about their bodies. Such flexibility is most frequently measured by the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ). This study used a recently validated, fully automated method based on genetic algorithms (GAs) on data from an American community sample (N1 =538, 71...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688834/reducing-body-image-related-distress-in-women-with-breast-cancer-using-a-structured-online-writing-exercise-results-from-the-my-changed-body-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Kerry A Sherman, Astrid Przezdziecki, Jessica Alcorso, Christopher Jon Kilby, Elisabeth Elder, John Boyages, Louise Koelmeyer, Helen Mackie
Purpose Breast cancer treatment adverse effects result in one in three survivors experiencing body image-related distress (BID) that negatively impacts on a woman's ability to recover after cancer and into survivorship. My Changed Body (MyCB) is a Web-based psychological intervention to alleviate BID and improve body appreciation in survivors of breast cancer (BCSs) through a single-session, self-compassion focused writing activity. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of MyCB on BID and body appreciation in BCSs...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681185/cognitively-based-compassion-training-cbct-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#11
Edgar Gonzalez-Hernandez, Rocio Romero, Daniel Campos, Diana Burichka, Rebeca Diego-Pedro, Rosa Baños, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, Ausiàs Cebolla
CONTEXT: Breast cancer (BC) requires a significant psychological adaptation once treatment is finished. There is growing evidence of how compassion training enhances psychological and physical well-being, however, there are very few studies analyzing the efficacy of compassion-based Interventions on BC survivors. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) protocol in a BC survivor sample on quality of life, psychological well-being, fear of cancer recurrence, self-compassion, and compassion domains and mindfulness facets...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673093/mechanisms-of-change-in-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-emotion-regulation-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Elisa Inwood, Madeleine Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that self-compassion may improve mental health by promoting emotion regulation (Berking & Whitley, ). This review aimed to identify studies which investigated the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health in order to examine the role of emotional regulation as a mechanism of change. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline complete, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Inclusion criteria required publications to be: peer reviewed, published in English, contain validated measures of self-compassion and emotion regulation, and report a direct analysis on the relationship between these constructs...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672086/self-compassion-matters-the-relationships-between-perceived-social-support-self-compassion-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals-in-turkey
#13
Ezgi Toplu-Demirtaş, Gülşah Kemer, Amber L Pope, Jeffry L Moe
Research on the well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people has predominately focused on Western (-ized) societies where individualism, and not collectivism, is emphasized. In the present study, we utilized a mediator model via Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to examine the relationships between self-compassion (i.e., self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness), perceived social support (i.e., family, friends, and significant others), and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) in a sample of LGB-identified individuals living in Turkey, a traditionally collectivistic culture (Hofstede, 2001)...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672084/do-self-compassion-and-self-coldness-distinctly-relate-to-distress-and-well-being-a-theoretical-model-of-self-relating
#14
Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel, Daniel G Lannin, Kelsey E Engel, Andrew J Seidman, Patrick J Heath
The current research tested a theoretical model of self-relating that examined the unique relationships of self-compassion and self-coldness with distress and well-being. Self-coldness has recently been identified as theoretically distinct from self-compassion, rather than part of a unitary self-compassion construct. As such, the incremental value of self-compassion and self-coldness on clinically relevant outcomes is unclear. Therefore, the current research tested a theoretical model of the unique relationships of self-compassion and self-coldness and both distress and well-being among university students (N = 457) and community adults (N = 794), as well as interactions between these 2 constructs...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666578/individual-experiences-in-four-cancer-patients-following-psilocybin-assisted-psychotherapy
#15
Tara C Malone, Sarah E Mennenga, Jeffrey Guss, Samantha K Podrebarac, Lindsey T Owens, Anthony P Bossis, Alexander B Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Michael P Bogenschutz, Stephen Ross
A growing body of evidence shows that existential and spiritual well-being in cancer patients is associated with better medical outcomes, improved quality of life, and serves as a buffer against depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy in treating cancer-related anxiety and depression. A double-blind controlled trial was performed, where 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned to treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616711/suicidal-risk-hopelessness-and-depression-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-internalized-stigma
#16
Rafael Touriño, Francisco J Acosta, Alba Giráldez, Jorge Álvarez, Jesús M González, Cristina Abelleira, Natalia Benítez, Ernesto Baena, Jaime A Fernández, Carlos J Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Internalized stigma has negative consequences on subjective and objective aspects of the recovery in people diagnosed with mental disorders. Despite its relevance, it has been poorly studied in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A sample of 71 outpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who attended Psychosocial Rehabilitation Centers of Gran Canaria, Spain, were evaluated. We assessed the prevalence of internalized stigma and its possible association with sociodemographic, clinical, psychological and psychopathological variables, as well as suicidal behaviour and suicidal ideation...
March 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606143/evaluation-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-life-and-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stress-management-workshop-to-improve-healthcare-staff-stress-study-protocol-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Nikki Pitman, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken, Adrian Whittington
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers experience higher levels of work-related stress and higher rates of sickness absence than workers in other sectors. Psychological approaches have potential in providing healthcare workers with the knowledge and skills to recognise stress and to manage stress effectively. The strongest evidence for effectiveness in reducing stress in the workplace is for stress-management courses based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles and mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599853/an-investigation-of-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale
#18
Seonaid Cleare, Andrew Gumley, Chris J Cleare, Rory C O'Connor
The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. The scale is constructed of six factors measuring positive and negative components of compassion. Support for this factor structure has been subject to debate and alternative factor structures have been proposed. We tested the proposed factor structures against existing models of the SCS including one derived from an exploratory factor analysis of our data. Respondents ( n  = 526) completed the original version of the SCS online at two time points, at baseline (time 1) and 2...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599848/the-co-creation-and-feasibility-of-a-compassion-training-as-a-follow-up-to-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-recurrent-depression
#19
Rhoda Schuling, Marloes Huijbers, Hetty Jansen, Renée Metzemaekers, Erik Van Den Brink, Frits Koster, Hiske Van Ravesteijn, Anne Speckens
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of Mindfulness - Based Compassionate Living (MBCL) as a follow-up intervention to Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy in adults with recurrent depression. We conducted an uncontrolled study in 17 patients with recurrent depression, in two successive groups. The first group contained novices to compassion training ( N  = 14); in the second group, ten of these participated again, in addition to three new participants ( N  = 13)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598225/a-qualitative-study-of-a-compassion-presence-and-resilience-training-for-oncology-interprofessional-teams
#20
Rinat Nissim, Carmine Malfitano, Mark Coleman, Gary Rodin, Mary Elliott
The well-being of health care providers may be challenged by their work, with evidence that oncology health care providers are a high-risk group for burnout. The present qualitative pilot study evaluated a mindfulness-based group intervention, referred to as Compassion, Presence, and Resilience Training (CPR-T), for oncology interprofessional teams. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the subjective experience of oncology health care providers receiving CPR-T and their perceptions of its benefits, risks, or challenges...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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