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Self-compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862646/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-positive-affect-skills-intervention-lilac-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#1
Elaine O Cheung, Michael A Cohn, Laura B Dunn, Michelle E Melisko, Stefana Morgan, Frank J Penedo, John M Salsman, Dianne M Shumay, Judith T Moskowitz
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a randomized pilot trial to examine the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a 5-week positive affect skills intervention (LILAC: Lessons in Linking Affect and Coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Additionally, we examined whether online delivery of the intervention would offer comparable benefits as in-person delivery. METHODS: Women with metastatic breast cancer (N = 39) were randomized to an in-person intervention, online intervention, or in-person attention-matched control...
November 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859862/a-qualitative-exploration-of-responses-to-self-compassion-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#2
Maxine Campion, Lesley Glover
Research suggests that being self-compassionate can have myriad benefits, including life satisfaction, health-promoting behaviours and improved mental health. Given the possible advantages of being self-compassionate, it seems critical to explore how to promote this in the general population. This qualitative study aimed to understand responses to the idea of being compassionate to oneself within the general population. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the North East of England between October 2014 and February 2015, they were analysed using thematic analysis...
November 17, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852886/incorporating-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-in-a-new-programme-for-binge-eating-befree-exploring-processes-of-change
#3
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849123/secure-attachment-and-eudaimonic-well-being-in-late-adulthood-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#4
Kristin J Homan
OBJECTIVES: Attachment style refers to a systematic pattern of emotions, behaviors, and expectations that people have for how others will respond in relationships. Extensive evidence has documented the importance of attachment security in infants, children, adolescents, and adults, but the effects of attachment among exclusively older adult populations have received less attention. The present study explored the relationships between attachment style in late adulthood and eudaimonic well-being, which refers to a life replete with meaning, productive activity, and striving to reach one's potential...
November 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834499/-i-had-a-sort-of-epiphany-an-exploratory-study-of-group-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-older-people-with-depression
#5
Caroline M Williams, Frances Meeten, Susan Whiting
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been successful in reducing depressive symptoms in people with chronic-recurrent depression. However, the research evaluating the efficacy of this approach, and other innovative treatments for mood disorders, has mainly been with people under 65 years. This paper aims to help redress this imbalance by exploring older people's own reflections of their experience of MBCT. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to explore 13 participants' experiences of MBCT; participants were interviewed pre and post-intervention and again after six months...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816857/replication-and-extension-of-the-dual-pathway-model-of-disordered-eating-the-role-of-fear-of-negative-evaluation-suggestibility-rumination-and-self-compassion
#6
Toni M Maraldo, Wanni Zhou, Jessica Dowling, Jillon S Vander Wal
OBJECTIVE: The dual pathway model, a theoretical model of eating disorder development, suggests that thin ideal internalization leads to body dissatisfaction which leads to disordered eating via the dual pathways of negative affect and dietary restraint. While the dual pathway model has been a valuable guide for eating disorder prevention, greater knowledge of characteristics that predict thin ideal internalization is needed. METHOD: The present study replicated and extended the dual pathway model by considering the addition of fear of negative evaluation, suggestibility, rumination, and self-compassion in a sample of community women and female university students...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816855/exploring-the-effect-of-external-shame-on-body-appreciation-among-portuguese-young-adults-the-role-of-self-compassion
#7
Joana Marta-Simões, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes
Studies on body image-related disturbances have recently embraced a fresh and innovative construct: body appreciation. Body appreciation, an aspect of positive body image, defines as the detention of a balanced, affectionate and health-conscious relationship with one's own body's features. Its exploration is considered to be essential to the success of upcoming prevention and intervention programs in the area of body image and eating disorders. The role of shame, although widely studied in negative body image and eating psychopathology, is yet unknown regarding body appreciation...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816031/the-benefits-of-being-self-compassionate-on-days-when-interactions-with-body-focused-others-are-frequent
#8
Allison C Kelly, Kathryn E Miller, Elizabeth Stephen
We examined whether a woman's level of self-compassion on a given day (within-persons) and over a week (between-persons) influenced her eating, body image, and affect in the face of frequent daily and/or weekly interactions with body-focused others. For seven nights, 92 female undergraduates reported on their daily social interactions, self-compassion, body image, eating, and affect. On days when women were less self-compassionate than usual, frequent interactions with body-focused others were associated with more body image concerns and negative affect, and less body appreciation and intuitive eating...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814499/brief-report-feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-based-mobile-intervention-for-adolescents
#9
Elizabeth Donovan, Rachel F Rodgers, Tara M Cousineau, Kayla M McGowan, Stephanie Luk, Kayla Yates, Debra L Franko
The aim of the study was to test the feasibility of a mindfulness and self-compassion based program for adolescents, to be delivered though mobile phones. Twenty racially and ethnically diverse US adolescents enrolled in a study to use the app for 30 days, after which they provided satisfaction data and participated in focus groups to describe their experiences and offer suggestions for improving the app. Usage data were also captured. Results indicated that participants used the app on the majority of days over the intervention period, reported finding it helpful for managing stress, and provided suggestions for substantive areas for improvement...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797667/how-yoga-helps-heal-interpersonal-trauma-perspectives-and-themes-from-11-interpersonal-trauma-survivors
#10
Ashley W Gulden, Len Jennings
Trauma is ubiquitous in our society; therefore, it is important to explore how individuals cultivate healing after traumatic experiences. Yoga may be one avenue to cultivate healing. Qualitative methods were employed to study the role yoga practice played in the healing process of those who experienced interpersonal trauma. Eleven interpersonal trauma survivors who practiced yoga regularly were identified through a criterion sampling method. Data analysis revealed that the emphasis of yoga on mind and physical body fostered numerous positive outcomes, such as spiritual growth, self-acceptance, alleviation of trauma-related symptoms, and increased feelings of self-compassion, empowerment, and serenity...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797660/group-based-yogic-weight-loss-with-ayurveda-inspired-components-a-pilot-investigation-of-female-yoga-practitioners-and-novices
#11
Tosca D Braun, Crystal L Park, Amy A Gorin, Hilary Garivaltis, Jessica J Noggle, Lisa A Conboy
INTRODUCTION: Overweight/obesity is a pressing international health concern and conventional treatments demonstrate poor long-term efficacy. Preliminary evidence suggests yoga and Ayurveda may be promising approaches, although recent NHIS estimates indicate rare utilization of Ayurveda in the US. Group-based curricula that integrate yoga and Ayurveda-inspired principles to attenuate overweight and obesity across individuals may prove a feasible, disseminable clinical adjunct to facilitate psychosocial health and weight loss and/or maintenance...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797567/psychometric-properties-of-the-pact-scale-and-relations-with-symptoms-of-ptsd
#12
Caitlin M Pinciotti, Antonia V Seligowski, Holly K Orcutt
Objective: Healing from trauma has been conceptualized as either facing the trauma head-on or moving beyond the trauma and focusing on the future. Emerging research suggests that the greatest healing may result from the ability to adaptively use both (i.e., coping flexibility). The current study sought to examine the psychometric properties of a self-report scale of coping flexibility: the Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma (PACT) Scale. Method: Participants included 322 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a large Midwestern university...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787877/self-compassion-online-a-pilot-study-of-an-internet-based-self-compassion-cultivation-program-for-psychology-trainees
#13
Amy Finlay-Jones, Robert Kane, Clare Rees
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to conduct a preliminary investigation of the effectiveness and feasibility of a novel, self-guided online self-compassion training for reducing psychological distress and increasing self-compassion and happiness among psychology trainees. METHOD: A 6-week online self-compassion cultivation program was developed and delivered to Australian psychology trainees (n = 37), and a pre-experimental repeated-measures design was used to collect change data on self-compassion, happiness, perceived stress, emotion regulation difficulties as well as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754793/psychometric-properties-of-the-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-scale-turkish-lgbis-tr
#14
Gülşah Kemer, Ezgi Toplu Demirtaş, Amber L Pope, Esra Ummak
The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS; Mohr & Kendra, 2011) in a Turkish sample. Three hundred and ten LGB individuals participated and completed the Turkish version of the LGBIS (LGBIS-TR) along with the Satisfaction with Life, Positive and Negative Affect, and Self-Compassion Scales. Confirmatory factor analysis results yielded a good-fit for eight subscales of the LGBIS-TR. We also obtained satisfactory criterion validity and internal consistency reliability...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744228/effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-oncology-nurses-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms-a-non-randomized-study
#15
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SETTING: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743450/adaptive-emotion-regulation-mediates-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-and-depression-in-individuals-with-unipolar-depression
#16
Alice Diedrich, Julian Burger, Mareike Kirchner, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: To identify the mechanisms involved in the association between self-compassion and depression, we examined whether adaptive emotion regulation would mediate the relationship between self-compassion and depression in individuals with unipolar depression. Furthermore, we explored which specific emotion regulation skills would be most important in this relationship. DESIGN AND METHOD: Sixty-nine individuals with unipolar depression were assessed with the Self-Compassion Scale and the Emotion Regulation Skills Questionnaire at baseline and with the Beck Depression Inventory-II 1 week later...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728998/transforming-core-emotional-pain-in-a-course-of-emotion-focused-therapy-for-depression-a-case-study
#17
Andrew Dillon, Ladislav Timulak, Leslie S Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern of change in emotional states over a course of emotion-focused therapy using the model of sequential emotional processing as an initial framework for analysis. METHOD: This was a single case study observational design examining 15 sessions of therapy with one client. A qualitative analysis of moment-to-moment shifts in client emotional events was conducted. This conceptualised the interplay between experienced emotions using the sequential emotional processing model as an interpretative framework...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716911/understanding-the-association-between-negative-life-events-and-suicidal-risk-in-college-students-examining-self-compassion-as-a-potential-mediator
#18
Edward C Chang, Tina Yu, Alexandria S-M Najarian, Kaitlin M Wright, Wenting Chen, Olivia D Chang, Yifeng Du, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: We tested a hypothesized model consistent with the notion that self-compassion mediates the association between negative life events and suicidal risk (viz., depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors) in college students METHOD: The sample was comprised of 331 college students. Self-compassion facets (viz., self-kindness, self-judgment, common humanity, isolation, mindfulness, and overidentification) were used in testing for multiple mediation, controlling for sex. RESULTS: Common humanity, mindfulness, and overidentification were found to mediate the association between negative life events (NLE) and depressive symptoms...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716200/implementing-multifactorial-psychotherapy-research-in-online-virtual-environments-improve-2-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iii-trial-of-the-most-randomized-component-selection-method-for-internet-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression
#19
Edward Watkins, Alexandra Newbold, Michelle Tester-Jones, Mahmood Javaid, Jennifer Cadman, Linda M Collins, John Graham, Mohammod Mostazir
BACKGROUND: Depression is a global health challenge. Although there are effective psychological and pharmaceutical interventions, our best treatments achieve remission rates less than 1/3 and limited sustained recovery. Underpinning this efficacy gap is limited understanding of how complex psychological interventions for depression work. Recent reviews have argued that the active ingredients of therapy need to be identified so that therapy can be made briefer, more potent, and to improve scalability...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710776/buffering-the-effects-of-peer-victimization-on-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-role-of-self-compassion-and-family-cohesion
#20
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yang Hou, Chao Du, Min-Pei Lin, Xiaoling Zheng, Congfen Ma
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant behavioral problem among adolescents all over the world. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between peer victimization and NSSI, as well as the buffering effects of self-compassion and family cohesion on this relationship. Data were collected at two time points from 525 secondary school students (226 girls; Mage = 12.97, SD = 1.02) in China. Results showed that peer victimization (marginally) significantly predicted NSSI over time even after controlling for Wave 1 NSSI...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
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