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Self-compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068133/masculinity-and-barriers-to-seeking-counseling-the-buffering-role-of-self-compassion
#1
Patrick J Heath, Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel, Daniel G Lannin, Haley A Strass
Less than 1/3 of college men seek psychological help per year when experiencing mental health concerns. Many believe this is because socialized masculine norms are incongruent with help-seeking decisions. In line with this, adherence to masculine norms, like emotional control and self-reliance, is consistently linked to factors associated with lower use of counseling. Identifying constructs that buffer, or reduce, the relationship between masculine norm adherence and common barriers to seeking help, like help-seeking self-stigma and resistance to self-disclosing, could shed light on mechanisms through which effective interventions could be developed...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042346/associations-among-dispositional-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-executive-function-proficiency-in-early-adolescents
#2
Hee-Sung Shin, David S Black, Eleanor Tate Shonkoff, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
The study objective was to examine the effects of two conceptually related constructs, self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness, on executive function (EF) proficiency among early adolescents. Executive function refers to a set of psychological processes governing emotional regulation, organization, and planning. While the benefits of positive psychology appear evident for mental health and wellness, little is known about the etiological relationship between dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion in their associations with EF...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992278/definition-of-compassion-in-healthcare-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Encarnación Perez-Bret, Rogelio Altisent, Javier Rocafort
AIM: To reflect on the definition of compassion and analyse the concepts encompassed by the term. BACKGROUND: A large number of authors have defined compassion, with certain nuances that differ from case to case. This raises the need for specificity in the definition of the term. DATA SOURCES: First, a systematic search was conducted of scientific databases. Second, a selection of experts were consulted and a request made to them for specific articles...
December 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976920/understanding-informal-carers-experiences-of-caring-for-older-people-with-a-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Lorena Saletti-Cuesta, Elizabeth Tutton, Debbie Langstaff, Keith Willett
PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to reconceptualize experiences from a variety of papers to provide direction for research, policy and practice. METHOD: Meta-ethnography was used to inform the review, and 21 studies were included. FINDINGS: The analysis identified a core theme of "engaging in care: struggling through", as carers, who wanted to be involved in caring, learnt to live with the intense and stressful impact of caring and changes to their life...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938872/experiential-avoidance-self-compassion-self-judgment-and-coping-styles-in-infertility
#5
Marina Cunha, Ana Galhardo, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: This study sought out to explore the existence of differences regarding emotion regulation processes (psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance, self-judgment and self-compassion) and coping styles (emotional/detached, avoidant and rational) in three different groups of couples: 120 fertile couples (FG), 147 couples with an infertility diagnosis who were pursuing medical treatment for their fertility problem(s) (IG), and 59 couples with infertility applying for adoption (AG)...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929608/an-open-trial-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-young-adults-with%C3%A2-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Aslak Hjeltnes, Helge Molde, Elisabeth Schanche, Jon Vøllestad, Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Christian Moltu, Per-Einar Binder
The present study investigated mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for young adults with a social anxiety disorder (SAD) in an open trial. Fifty-three young adults in a higher education setting underwent a standard eight-week MBSR program. Eight participants (15%) did not complete the program. Participants reported significant reductions in SAD symptoms and global psychological distress, as well as increases in mindfulness, self-compassion, and self-esteem. Using intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses, effect sizes ranged from large to moderate for SAD symptoms (Cohen's d = 0...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#7
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909465/group-and-individual-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-are-both-effective-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-depressed-people-with-a-somatic-disease
#8
Maya J Schroevers, K Annika Tovote, Evelien Snippe, Joke Fleer
Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by individuals suffering from a chronic medical condition. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been shown to be an effective psychological intervention for reducing depressive symptoms in a range of populations. MBCT is traditionally given in a group format. The aim of the current pilot RCT was to examine the effects of group-based MBCT and individually based MBCT for reducing depressive symptoms in adults suffering from one or more somatic diseases. In this study, 56 people with a somatic condition and comorbid depressive symptoms (i...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909464/mindfulness-and-self-compassion-as-unique-and-common-predictors-of-affect-in-the-general-population
#9
Angélica López, Robbert Sanderman, Maya J Schroevers
In contrast to the increased research interest in the benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion, relatively few studies have examined their unique and combined effects in predicting affect. This cross-sectional study examined the predictive value of mindfulness and self-compassion for depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect in a large representative sample of community adults (N = 1736). The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) was used as a measure of mindfulness and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) as a measure of self-compassion...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909161/test-of-a-social-cognitive-model-of-well-being-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862646/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-positive-affect-skill-intervention-lessons-in-linking-affect-and-coping-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
Elaine O Cheung, Michael A Cohn, Laura B Dunn, Michelle E Melisko, Stefana Morgan, Frank J Penedo, John M Salsman, Dianne M Shumay, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized pilot trial to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a 5 week positive affect skills intervention (LILAC: lessons in linking affect and coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Additionally, we examined whether online delivery of the intervention would offer comparable benefits as in-person delivery. METHODS: Women with metastatic breast cancer (N = 39) were randomized to an in-person intervention, online intervention, or in-person attention-matched control...
November 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859862/a-qualitative-exploration-of-responses-to-self-compassion-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#12
Maxine Campion, Lesley Glover
Research suggests that being self-compassionate can have myriad benefits, including life satisfaction, health-promoting behaviours and improved mental health. Given the possible advantages of being self-compassionate, it seems critical to explore how to promote this in the general population. This qualitative study aimed to understand responses to the idea of being compassionate to oneself within the general population. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the North East of England between October 2014 and February 2015, they were analysed using thematic analysis...
November 17, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852886/incorporating-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-in-a-new-programme-for-binge-eating-befree-exploring-processes-of-change
#13
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849123/secure-attachment-and-eudaimonic-well-being-in-late-adulthood-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#14
Kristin J Homan
OBJECTIVES: Attachment style refers to a systematic pattern of emotions, behaviors, and expectations that people have for how others will respond in relationships. Extensive evidence has documented the importance of attachment security in infants, children, adolescents, and adults, but the effects of attachment among exclusively older adult populations have received less attention. The present study explored the relationships between attachment style in late adulthood and eudaimonic well-being, which refers to a life replete with meaning, productive activity, and striving to reach one's potential...
November 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834499/-i-had-a-sort-of-epiphany-an-exploratory-study-of-group-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-older-people-with-depression
#15
Caroline M Williams, Frances Meeten, Susan Whiting
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been successful in reducing depressive symptoms in people with chronic-recurrent depression. However, the research evaluating the efficacy of this approach, and other innovative treatments for mood disorders, has mainly been with people under 65 years. This paper aims to help redress this imbalance by exploring older people's own reflections of their experience of MBCT. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to explore 13 participants' experiences of MBCT; participants were interviewed pre and post-intervention and again after six months...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816857/replication-and-extension-of-the-dual-pathway-model-of-disordered-eating-the-role-of-fear-of-negative-evaluation-suggestibility-rumination-and-self-compassion
#16
Toni M Maraldo, Wanni Zhou, Jessica Dowling, Jillon S Vander Wal
OBJECTIVE: The dual pathway model, a theoretical model of eating disorder development, suggests that thin ideal internalization leads to body dissatisfaction which leads to disordered eating via the dual pathways of negative affect and dietary restraint. While the dual pathway model has been a valuable guide for eating disorder prevention, greater knowledge of characteristics that predict thin ideal internalization is needed. METHOD: The present study replicated and extended the dual pathway model by considering the addition of fear of negative evaluation, suggestibility, rumination, and self-compassion in a sample of community women and female university students...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816855/exploring-the-effect-of-external-shame-on-body-appreciation-among-portuguese-young-adults-the-role-of-self-compassion
#17
Joana Marta-Simões, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes
Studies on body image-related disturbances have recently embraced a fresh and innovative construct: body appreciation. Body appreciation, an aspect of positive body image, defines as the detention of a balanced, affectionate and health-conscious relationship with one's own body's features. Its exploration is considered to be essential to the success of upcoming prevention and intervention programs in the area of body image and eating disorders. The role of shame, although widely studied in negative body image and eating psychopathology, is yet unknown regarding body appreciation...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816031/the-benefits-of-being-self-compassionate-on-days-when-interactions-with-body-focused-others-are-frequent
#18
Allison C Kelly, Kathryn E Miller, Elizabeth Stephen
We examined whether a woman's level of self-compassion on a given day (within-persons) and over a week (between-persons) influenced her eating, body image, and affect in the face of frequent daily and/or weekly interactions with body-focused others. For seven nights, 92 female undergraduates reported on their daily social interactions, self-compassion, body image, eating, and affect. On days when women were less self-compassionate than usual, frequent interactions with body-focused others were associated with more body image concerns and negative affect, and less body appreciation and intuitive eating...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814499/brief-report-feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-based-mobile-intervention-for-adolescents
#19
Elizabeth Donovan, Rachel F Rodgers, Tara M Cousineau, Kayla M McGowan, Stephanie Luk, Kayla Yates, Debra L Franko
The aim of the study was to test the feasibility of a mindfulness and self-compassion based program for adolescents, to be delivered though mobile phones. Twenty racially and ethnically diverse US adolescents enrolled in a study to use the app for 30 days, after which they provided satisfaction data and participated in focus groups to describe their experiences and offer suggestions for improving the app. Usage data were also captured. Results indicated that participants used the app on the majority of days over the intervention period, reported finding it helpful for managing stress, and provided suggestions for substantive areas for improvement...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797667/how-yoga-helps-heal-interpersonal-trauma-perspectives-and-themes-from-11-interpersonal-trauma-survivors
#20
Ashley W Gulden, Len Jennings
Trauma is ubiquitous in our society; therefore, it is important to explore how individuals cultivate healing after traumatic experiences. Yoga may be one avenue to cultivate healing. Qualitative methods were employed to study the role yoga practice played in the healing process of those who experienced interpersonal trauma. Eleven interpersonal trauma survivors who practiced yoga regularly were identified through a criterion sampling method. Data analysis revealed that the emphasis of yoga on mind and physical body fostered numerous positive outcomes, such as spiritual growth, self-acceptance, alleviation of trauma-related symptoms, and increased feelings of self-compassion, empowerment, and serenity...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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