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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337042/household-transmission-of-ndm-producing-e-coli-in-new-zealand
#1
Matthew Blakiston, Sally A Roberts, Joshua T Freeman, Helen Heffernan
This report describes the introduction of an extensively antibiotic-resistant carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli into a hospital in Auckland, New Zealand, by a patient who was a household contact of recent travellers to the Indian subcontinent. The carbapenemase was identified as New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) and reflects probable household transmission in the context of a recent upsurge in NDM-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolation in New Zealand. The observations in this report suggest that hospital screening practices to identify carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) colonised patients may need to be extended to include travellers to high-risk countries who were not hospitalised during their trip, and possibly also their close contacts...
March 24, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319394/a-network-of-conformational-transitions-in-the-apo-form-of-ndm-1-enzyme-revealed-by-md-simulation-and-a-markov-state-model
#2
Kaifu Gao, Yunjie Zhao
New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) is a novel β-Lactamase enzyme that confers enteric bacteria with nearly complete resistance to all β-lactam antibiotics, so raises a formidable and global threat to human health. However, the binding mechanism between apo-NDM-1 and antibiotics as well as related conformational changes remains poorly understood, which largely hinders the overcoming of its antibiotic resistance. In our study, long-time conventional molecular dynamics simulation and Markov state models were applied to reveal both dynamical and conformational landscape of apo-NDM-1: the MD simulation demonstrates that the loop L3, which is responsible for antibiotic binding, is the most flexible and undergoes dramatic conformational changes; moreover, the Markov state model built from the simulation maps four metastable states including open, semi-open and closed conformations of the loop L3 as well as frequent transitions between the states...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251105/carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-risk-factors-for-infection-and-impact-of-resistance-on-outcomes
#3
Shanthi Mariappan, Uma Sekar, Arunagiri Kamalanathan
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have increased in recent years leading to limitations of treatment options. The present study was undertaken to detect CPE, risk factors for acquiring them and their impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 111 clinically significant Enterobacteriaceae resistant to cephalosporins subclass III and exhibiting a positive modified Hodge test. Screening for carbapenemase production was done by phenotypic methods, and polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect genes encoding them...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242668/plasmid-mediated-novel-blandm-17-gene-encoding-a-carbapenemase-with-enhanced-activity-in-a-st48-escherichia-coli-strain
#4
Zhihai Liu, Yang Wang, Timothy R Walsh, Dejun Liu, Zhangqi Shen, Rongmin Zhang, Wenjuan Yin, Hong Yao, Jiyun Li, Jianzhong Shen
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) have spread worldwide, leaving very few treatment options available. New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) is the main carbapenemase mediating CRE resistance, and is of increasing concern. NDM-positive Enterobacteriaceae of human origin are frequently identified; however, the emergence of NDM, particularly novel variants, in bacteria of food animal origin has never been reported. Here, we characterize a novel NDM variant (assigned NDM-17) identified in a β-lactam-resistant sequence type 48 (ST48) Escherichia coli strain that was isolated from a chicken in China...
February 27, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239454/transcriptional-analysis-of-blandm-1-and-copy-number-alteration-under-carbapenem-stress
#5
Deepjyoti Paul, Amitabha Bhattacharjee, Dibyojyoti Bhattacharjee, Debadatta Dhar, Anand Prakash Maurya, Atanu Chakravarty
BACKGROUND: New Delhi metallo beta-lactamase is known to compromise carbapenem therapy and leading to treatment failure. However, their response to carbapenem stress is not clearly known. Here, we have investigated the transcriptional response of blaNDM-1 and plasmid copy number alteration under carbapenem exposure. METHODS: Three blaNDM-1 harboring plasmids representing three incompatibility types (IncFIC, IncA/C and IncK) were inoculated in LB broth with and without imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156193/characterization-of-ndm-7-carbapenemase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#6
Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dania Darwish, Laura Villa, Alessandra Carattoli, Rayhan Hashmey, Zulfa Aldeesi, Wafaa Jamal, Vincent Rotimi, Amina Al-Jardani, Seif S Al-Abri, Ágnes Sonnevend
AIM: The purpose of this study was to characterize the New Delhi metallo-beta lactamase (NDM)-7-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated in the Arabian Peninsula. METHODS: Enterobacteriaceae identified to carry blaNDM-7 in a collection of 157 NDM-producing isolates from Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were investigated for their antibiotic and disinfectant susceptibility, and resistance gene content. The virulence profile, phylogenetic and sequence types of the isolates were also determined...
February 3, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150578/resistotyping-phenotyping-and-genotyping-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-ndm-among-gram-negative-bacilli-from-iranian-patients
#7
Dariush Shokri, Mohammad Rabbani Khorasgani, Seyed Masih Fatemi, Abbas Soleimani-Delfan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was investigation of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) production among gram negative bacilli. METHODOLOGY: Antibiogram-Resistotyping and detection of NDM in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and comparative evaluation of the diagnostic performance of three phenotypic methods for NDM detection considering PCR as gold standard were performed. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of antibiotics against NDM positive strains by E-test and clonal relationship analysis using Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus Polymerase Chain Reaction (ERIC-PCR) in these strains were determined...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131738/occurrence-of-blandm-7-within-incx3-type-plasmid-of-escherichia-coli-from-india
#8
Deepjyoti Paul, Amitabha Bhattacharjee, Birson Ingti, Nargis Alom Choudhury, Anand Prakash Maurya, Debadatta Dhar, Atanu Chakravarty
BACKGROUND: New-Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-7 with higher hydrolytic activity than its ancestor NDM-1 is emerging across the globe including India. In this study, we have investigated the genetic context of blaNDM-7 and alteration in plasmid copy number under concentration gradient carbapenem stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six blaNDM-7 producing Escherichia coli isolates were obtained from Silchar Medical College and Hospital and the co-existence of other β-lactamases and transferability of this resistant determinant was determined by transformation and conjugation assay followed by typing of the plasmid by PBRT method...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104504/diversity-of-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-bacteria-in-china
#9
Xiaofeng Hu, Xuebing Xu, Xu Wang, Wencheng Xue, Haijian Zhou, Ling Zhang, Qiuxia Ma, Rongtao Zhao, Guozheng Li, Peng Li, Chuanfu Zhang, Yun Shi, Jian Wang, Leili Jia, Rongzhang Hao, Ligui Wang, Dayang Zou, Xuelin Liu, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song, Yansong Sun
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and dissemination of diverse NDM-producing bacteria in China was investigated. METHODS: We collected 1,162 isolates from 8 cities during December 2013∼May 2015 in China. The NDM-positive strains as well as the NDM genotypes in these sample were detected via Vitek 2 compact system (bioMérieux, France), 16S rRNA gene sequencing, PCR and an S1- pulsed-field gel electrophoresis assay and Southern blot hybridization. The horizontal-transfer capability of the blaNDM gene was assessed by filter mating by using a standard E...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087620/e152a-substitution-drastically-affects-ndm-5-activity
#10
Gaurav Kumar, Bagre Issa, Debasish Kar, Sarmistha Biswal, Anindya S Ghosh
New Delhi Metallo beta-lactamase (NDM) is of significant public health concern due to its enormous potential to hydrolyse all major beta-lactams including carbapenems. Amino acid substitutions outside the active site reportedly affect NDM beta-lactamase activities. Here, the effect of amino acid substitutions in the possible omega-like loop region of NDM-5 has been elucidated. Overall, three substitution mutations near active site of NDM-5 were done, namely, E152A, S191A, and D223A and subsequently, the change in antimicrobial resistance was monitored upon expressing each mutant in a suitable host...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087584/emergence-of-klebsiella-variicola-positive-for-ndm-9-a-variant-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-in-an-urban-river-in-south-korea
#11
Doris Y W Di, Jeonghwan Jang, Tatsuya Unno, Hor-Gil Hur
OBJECTIVES: To examine the presence of pathogenic bacteria carrying New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase in the environment and to characterize the genome structures of these strains. METHODS: Phenotypic screening of antimicrobial susceptibility and WGS were conducted on three Klebsiella variicola strains possessing NDM-9 isolated from an urban river. RESULTS: Three carbapenem-resistant K. variicola isolated from Gwangju tributary were found to possess blaNDM-9 genes...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081065/notes-from-the-field-pan-resistant-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-washoe-county-nevada-2016
#12
Lei Chen, Randall Todd, Julia Kiehlbauch, Maroya Walters, Alexander Kallen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999041/peptide-conjugated-phosphorodiamidate-morpholino-oligomer-ppmo-restores-carbapenem-susceptibility-to-ndm-1-positive-pathogens-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#13
Erin K Sully, Bruce L Geller, Lixin Li, Christina M Moody, Stacey M Bailey, Amy L Moore, Michael Wong, Patrice Nordmann, Seth M Daly, Carolyn R Sturge, David E Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of an inhibitor of the New Delhi metallo-β- lactamase (NDM-1). Inhibiting expression of this type of antibiotic-resistance gene has the potential to restore antibiotic susceptibility in all bacteria carrying the gene. METHODS: We have constructed a peptide-conjugated phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO) that selectively inhibits the expression of NDM-1 and examined its ability to restore susceptibility to meropenem in vitro and in vivo RESULTS: In vitro, the PPMO reduced the MIC of meropenem for three different genera of pathogens that express NDM-1...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977640/notes-from-the-field-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-identified-in-patients-without-known-health-care-risk-factors-colorado-2014-2016
#14
Sarah J Janelle, Alexander Kallen, Tom de Man, Brandi Limbago, Maroya Walters, Alison Halpin, Karen Xavier, Joyce Knutsen, Elizabeth Badolato, Wendy M Bamberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934850/erratum-endemic-indian-clones-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-harbouring-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-1-on-a-hybrid-plasmid-replicon-type-a-case-of-changing-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-plasmid-landscapes-in-india
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.188314.].
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934829/does-the-presence-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-and-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-1-genes-in-pathogens-lead-to-fatal-outcome
#16
P Mathur, S Sagar, S Kumar, V Sharma, D Gupta, S Lalwani, R Rani, A Muruganantham
INTRODUCTION: Infections due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens are a medical challenge. There is considerable apprehension among clinicians regarding pathogens reported as carrying New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM) and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) genes from their patients. In the face of extremely high rates of antimicrobial resistance, it is essential to gauge the clinical significance of isolation of pathogens carrying these genes from clinical samples. This study compares the outcome of patients infected with pathogens carrying NDM/KPC genes versus those without these genes...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894674/emergence-of-plasmid-mediated-colistin-resistance-and-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-in-extensively-drug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-a-patient-in-thailand
#17
Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Anusak Kerdsin, Sukanya Chokngam, Charatdao Bunthi, Somchai Sangkitporn, Christopher J Gregory
We reported a case of Escherichia coli with colistin resistance and an extensively drug-resistant phenotype. Molecular analysis revealed that the isolate carried mcr-1 and multiple β-lactamase genes includingblaNDM1, blaCTX-M-15, blaTEM1, and blaCMY-2. This is the first report of a clinical mcr-1 isolate in Thailand highlighting the urgent need for a comprehensive antimicrobial resistance containment strategy to prevent further spread.
February 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825605/antimicrobial-resistance-in-enterobacteriaceae-in-brazil-focus-on-%C3%AE-lactams-and-polymyxins
#18
REVIEW
Jorge Luiz Mello Sampaio, Ana Cristina Gales
During the last 30 years there has been a dissemination of plasmid-mediated β-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae in Brazil. Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) are widely disseminated in the hospital setting and are detected in a lower frequency in the community setting. Cefotaximases are the most frequently detected ESBL type and Klebsiella pneumoniae is the predominant species among ESBL producers. Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae became widely disseminated in Brazil during the last decade and KPC production is currently the most frequent resistance mechanism (96...
December 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807154/detection-of-an-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-167-strain-with-two-tandem-copies-of-blandm-1-in-the-chromosome
#19
Ping Shen, Maoli Yi, Ying Fu, Zhi Ruan, Xiaoxing Du, Yunsong Yu, Xinyou Xie
New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-producing Enterobacteriaceae has disseminated rapidly throughout the world and poses an urgent threat to public health. Previous studies confirmed that the blaNDM-1 gene is typically carried in plasmids but rarely in chromosome. We discovered a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain Y5, originating from a urine sample and containing the blaNDM-1 gene, which did not transfer by either conjugation or electrotransformation. We confirmed the possibility of its chromosome location by S1-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and XbaI-PFGE, followed by Southern blotting...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754764/combination-of-tigecycline-and-levofloxacin-for-successful-treatment-of-nosocomial-pneumonia-caused-by-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-1-producing-raoultella-planticola
#20
Zhijie Pan, Rong Liu, Pei Zhang, Hua Zhou, Yiqi Fu, Jianying Zhou
Raoultella planticola is a gram-negative bacterium that rarely causes diseases in humans. Here, we present a case of hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by R. planticola that likely originated in the gastrointestinal tract. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second report describing the detection of the gene New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase-1 (blaNDM-1) in multidrug-resistant R. planticola. Clinical samples were collected for bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing from a patient during hospitalization...
January 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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