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Obesity AND Child*

Amber E Vaughn, Rachel Bartlett, Courtney T Luecking, Heidi Hennink-Kaminski, Dianne S Ward
Although social marketing principles have been successfully employed in school-based interventions to prevent obesity, use in early care and education (ECE) settings has been limited. This paper describes the use of the social marketing approach to develop an ECE-based intervention that encourages an ECE provider-parent partnership to improve the quality of preschool children's diets and their level of physical activity. A six-step social marketing approach for public health interventions guided the development of this ECE-based intervention...
August 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Robert J Noonan
Background: The study aims were to: (i) examine associations between deprivation at age 7 and health outcomes at age 7 and 14, (ii) determine whether a deprivation gradient to health outcomes exists at age 7 and 14, and (iii) assess the extent to which health outcomes at age 7 are associated with health outcomes at age 14. Methods: Data were from wave four and six of the Millennium Cohort Study. Health outcome measures were weight status, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire measured mental health problems...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Suzanne Vogelezang, Susana Santos, Eline M van der Beek, Marieke Abrahamse-Berkeveld, Liesbeth Duijts, Aad van der Lugt, Janine F Felix, Vincent W V Jaddoe
Background: Although a longer duration of breastfeeding has been associated with a lower risk of childhood obesity, the impact on specific organ fat depots is largely unknown. Objective: We examined the associations of any breastfeeding, duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding, and of age at introduction of solid foods with measures of general, visceral, and organ adiposity at 10 y. Design: In a population-based prospective cohort study in 4444 children, we obtained information on infant feeding by questionnaires...
August 11, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
J E Childerhose, I Eneli, K E Steele
Bariatric surgery is a safe and effective intervention to treat severe obesity and related comorbidities in adolescents. No qualitative studies have explored the perspectives of US adolescent weight-loss patients on their bariatric surgery motivations, decision-making or experiences. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory study was to explore the perspectives of adolescent patients seeking bariatric surgery while enrolled in a medical weight management programme. Eligible participants 13-21 years old were recruited through a weight management programme at a tertiary care children's hospital in the US Midwest...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Gavriel D Kohlberg, Ryan T Demmer, Anil K Lalwani
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the hypothesis that childhood obesity is a risk factor for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) independent of other metabolic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: A complex, multistage, stratified geographic area design for collecting representative data from noninstitutionalized US population. METHODS: A total of 5,638 adolescents between age 12 and 19 from the NHANES database (2005-2010) were studied. Subjects with body mass index >= 95th percentile were classified as obese...
August 13, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
This study aimed to assess overweight and obesity and associated factors in school-going adolescents in Brunei Darussalam. The sample included 2599 school-going adolescents that responded to the Global School-based Student Health Survey (mean age 14.7 years, SD = 1.4). Body weight status was assessed based on self-reported height and weight and the international child body mass index standards. The relationship between lifestyle factors, including physical activity and dietary behaviour, and overweight or obesity were assessed using logistic regression analyses...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Gerry Kasten
This article is a version of the Ryley-Jeffs Memorial Lecture, delivered on 8 June 2018. It discusses weight bias and the intersections with homophobia, racism, and misogyny, and how these impact health. While the dominant discourse attests that people can lose weight and keep it off, evidence informs us that maintenance of weight loss is unlikely. Using a flawed epistemological framework, obesity has been declared a disease, and weight bias been perpetuated. Weight bias is pervasive, both in the general public and amongst health professionals, often using inappropriate tools to assess the impact of weight on health...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Susan Christian, Martin Somerville, Michael Giuffre, Joseph Atallah
BACKGROUND: Historically, individuals diagnosed with an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy have been advised to avoid participating in competitive sport. Consequently, these individuals may be more susceptible to weight gain and obesity. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal chart review was performed for a population of children with a genetic or clinical diagnosis of long-QT syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Tainara Emilia Rodrigues da Silva, Nayara Lopes Andrade, Daiane de Oliveira Cunha, Jacqueline Andréia Bernardes Leão-Cordeiro, Cesar Augusto Sam Tiago Vilanova-Costa, Antonio Márcio Teodoro Cordeiro Silva
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims evaluate the association of the polymorphism rs9939609 of FTO with the risk of obesity among children and adolescents, based on the assessment of four genetic models: codominant, dominant, recessive alleles model. METHODS: Case-control studies, published between the years 2011-2015, were selected from tree available databases (PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science) and were analysed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations...
August 10, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
A A Adane, G D Mishra, L R Tooth
There is limited evidence on the association between maternal preconception body mass index (BMI) trajectories and pregnancy complications and child development. This study examined the relationships of maternal BMI trajectories, diabetes and hypertensive disorders during pregnancy and offspring's childhood physical and cognitive development. Data were from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health and the Mothers and their Children's Health study (n=771). Women's preconception BMI trajectories were identified using group-based trajectory modelling...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Rosanne Schaap, Kathelijne Bessems, René Otten, Stef Kremers, Femke van Nassau
BACKGROUND: Until now, there is no clear overview of how fidelity is assessed in school-based obesity prevention programmes. In order to move the field of obesity prevention programmes forward, the current review aimed to 1) identify which fidelity components have been measured in school-based obesity prevention programmes; 2) identify how fidelity components have been measured; and 3) score the quality of these methods. METHODS: Studies published between January 2001-October 2017 were selected from searches in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and ERIC...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Daniel B Nelson, Michelle H Moniz, Matthew M Davis
BACKGROUND: In contrast to peer nations, the United States is experiencing rapid increases in maternal mortality. Trends in individual and population-level demographic factors and health trends may play a role in this change. METHODS: We analyzed state-level maternal mortality for the years 1997-2012 using multilevel mixed-effects regression grouped by state, using publicly available data including whether a state had adopted the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, designed to simplify identification of pregnant and recently pregnant decedents...
August 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Victoria Muñoz-Hernandez, Lide Arenaza, Luis Gracia-Marco, Maria Medrano, Elisa Merchan Ramirez, Wendy D Martinez Avila, Maddi Oses, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to examine the associations of physical activity and the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) with bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) in children with overweight and obesity. A total of 177 ( n = 80 girls) children with overweight and obesity aged 8 to 12 years old participated in the study. Both BMC and BMD were assessed by Dual-Energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary patterns were assessed by the KIDMED questionnaire and two 24-hour recalls...
August 12, 2018: Nutrients
Lide Arenaza, Victoria Muñoz-Hernández, María Medrano, Maddi Oses, Maria Amasene, Elisa Merchán-Ramírez, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Francisco B Ortega, Jonatan R Ruiz, Idoia Labayen
There is a general belief that having breakfast is an important healthy lifestyle factor; however, there is scarce evidence on the influence of breakfast quality and energy density on cardiometabolic risk in children, as well as on the role of physical activity in this association. The aims of this paper were (i) to examine the associations of breakfast quality and energy density from both solids and beverages with cardiometabolic risk factors, and (ii) to explore whether physical activity levels may attenuate these relationships in children with overweight/obesity from two projects carried out in the north and south of Spain...
August 10, 2018: Nutrients
Marie-Claude Pelland-Marcotte, Jason D Pole, Ketan Kulkarni, Uma Athale, David Stammers, Christine Sabapathy, Jessica Halparin, Leonardo R Brandão, Lillian Sung
There is conflicting information about the epidemiology of thromboembolism (TE) in paediatric oncology. Objectives were to describe the incidence and risk factors of TE in children with cancer. We included all children with cancer less than 15 years of age diagnosed from 2001 to 2016, treated at one of the 12 Canadian paediatric centres outside of Ontario and entered into the Cancer in Young People-Canada database. Potential risk factors for TE were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression stratified by haematological malignancies versus solid tumours...
August 13, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Maki Kawasaki, Naoko Arata, Yoshihiro Ogawa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes and obesity during childhood, puberty, and adulthood have become more common. This trend presents a global problem in terms of public health and health economics. Associations between intrauterine exposure to hyperglycemia, obesity, and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) in offspring have been reported in populations at high risk of diabetes such as Pima Indians, but these associations have not been established in other groups. In this review, we summarize the evidence on obesity and AGT in the offspring of mothers with diabetes...
August 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Tanja Ve Kral, Jesse Chittams, Chyrise B Bradley, Julie L Daniels, Carolyn G DiGuiseppi, Susan L Johnson, Juhi Pandey, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Neloufar Rahai, AnnJosette Ramirez, Laura A Schieve, Aleda Thompson, Gayle Windham, Whitney York, Lisa Young, Susan E Levy
We examined associations between child body mass index at 2-5 years and maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and rapid weight gain during infancy in children with autism spectrum disorder, developmental delays, or population controls. The Study to Explore Early Development is a multi-site case-control study of children, aged 2-5 years, classified as autism spectrum disorder ( n = 668), developmental delays ( n = 914), or population controls ( n = 884). Maternal gestational weight gain was compared to the Institute of Medicine recommendations...
August 13, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Seán Healy, Carrie J Aigner, Justin A Haegele
The purpose of this study was to examine current overweight and obesity prevalence rates among US youth (aged 10-17 years) with and without autism spectrum disorder, based on the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Analyses of weight status, derived from parent-reported height and weight measures, were conducted for a weighted sample of 875,963 youth with autism spectrum disorder and 31,913,657 typically developing youth. Controlling for age, race/ethnicity, income, and sex, youth with autism spectrum disorder had significantly higher odds of overweight (odds ratio = 1...
August 13, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Rachael W Taylor, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Barbara C Galland, Julie Lawrence, Rachel Sayers, Dione Healey, Gerald W Tannock, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Maha Hanna, Burt Hatch, Barry J Taylor
Background: Our Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) study suggested that a brief sleep intervention in infancy reduced the risk of obesity at age 2 y. In contrast, we observed no benefit from the nutrition and activity intervention. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine how these interventions influenced growth at ages 3.5 and 5 y compared with usual care (Control). Design: A follow-up of a parallel, 4-arm, single-blind, 2-y, randomized controlled trial in 802 women (86% European, 48% primiparous) recruited in pregnancy (58% response rate) was undertaken...
August 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Oh-Ryeong Ha, Haley Killian, Jared M Bruce, Seung-Lark Lim, Amanda S Bruce
Television food advertising influences children's food choices. The attribute of "taste" drives children's food choices, and exposure to food commercials can increase the importance of "taste" when children make food decisions. The current pilot study explored whether food advertising literacy training influences children's food choices. In particular, whether the training would change the way children weigh the importance of taste attributes in their food decisions. Thirty-nine children ages 8-13 were recruited...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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