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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30470277/neuro-ophthalmic-disorders-in-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
Aubrey L Gilbert, Sashank Prasad, Robert M Mallery
The physiologic changes that accompany pregnancy can have important implications for neuro-ophthalmic disease. This article discusses pregnancy-related considerations for meningioma, pituitary disorders, demyelinating disease, myasthenia gravis, thyroid eye disease, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, stroke, migraine, and cranial neuropathies. The article also details the potential neuro-ophthalmic complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia and reviews the use of common diagnostic studies during pregnancy...
February 2019: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447226/healthcare-stakeholder-perceptions-of-vision-loss
#2
Gary C Brown, Melissa M Brown
Perceptions of the quality-of-life (QOL) associated with vision loss vary widely. Herein, we consider the perceptions of patients with vision loss as the criterion for QOL quantification associated with vision loss. With the QOL instrument, time tradeoff utility analysis, the upper anchor of 1.00 is associated with permanent normal vision, while the lower anchor of 0.00 is associated with death. A time tradeoff utility of 0.26 is associated with no light perception bilaterally. Patients with legal blindness in the U...
November 14, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415985/swollen-and-bloodshot-eye-following-headache
#3
Chia-Cheng Hsu, Shih-Hung Tsai, Jen-Chun Wang, Hung-Wen Kao, Chin-Wang Hsu, Wei-Hsiu Liu, Sy-Jou Chen
A ruptured cavernous carotid aneurysm (CCA) with carotid cavernous fistula can appear as a benign headache but progress to a swollen and bloodshot eye overnight. A 66-year-old woman visited emergency department with sudden onset of pain behind her left forehead and vomiting. She was treated for a migraine-like headache and discharged. She presented again on the next day with a persistent headache and a swollen left eye with blurred vision. An ophthalmologic examination revealed erythema of the left lid and chemosis at the temporal and lower bulbar conjunctiva...
November 7, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284408/disc-haemorrhages-in-polish-caucasian-patients-with-normal-tension-glaucoma
#4
Ewa Kosior-Jarecka, Dominika Wróbel-Dudzińska, Urszula Łukasik, Tomasz Żarnowski
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the epidemiology of disc haemorrhages (DH) in Polish patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and their association with some risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group studied consisted of 274 Caucasian patients with NTG (410 eyes) divided into those with disk haemorrhages (DH+, = 94 eyes in 81 patients) and those without disc haemorrhages (DH-, = 316 eyes in 193 patients). Ophthalmic examinations with visual field (VF) testing were carried out in these patients every 3 months for at least 18 months...
October 3, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157597/isolated-oculomotor-and-abducens-nerve-palsies-as-initial-presentation-of-cavernous-sinus-tuberculoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Hesam Abdolhoseinpour, Soheila Abolghasemi, Ehsan Jangholi, Khadijeh Haji Naghi Tehrani
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system tuberculoma is the most severe manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis with high mortality. Cavernous sinus tuberculoma (CST) is a very rare central nervous system tuberculoma with few cases reported in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with acute diplopia and headache limited to the right side. There was no specific medical history except for migraine, depression, and anxiety, all of which were controlled by oral medications...
September 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050283/photodynamic-therapy-in-combination-with-intravitreal-ziv-aflibercept-and-aflibercept-injection-in-patients-with-chronic-or-repeatedly-recurrent-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#6
Juliane Maria Doepfner, Stephan Michels, Nicole Graf, Matthias Dieter Becker, Florentina Joyce Freiberg
Purpose: The objective of the study was to assess the effect of off-label photodynamic therapy (PDT) in combination with intravitreal off-label ziv-aflibercept or off-label aflibercept injection in patients with chronic or repeatedly recurrent acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Patients and methods: Changes in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and subfoveal subretinal fluid (sSRF) and maximum subretinal fluid (mSRF) were retrospectively analyzed in a single-center cohort study of 17 patients (18 eyes) with persistent subretinal fluid for more than 3 months of duration of CSC...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004895/dynamic-quantification-of-migrainous-thermal-facial-patterns-a-pilot-study
#7
Ioannis T Pavlidis, Ivan Garza, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta, Jerry W Swanson, Thomas Krouskop, James Levine
This article documents thermophysiological patterns associated with migraine episodes, where the inner canthi and supraorbital temperatures drop significantly compared to normal conditions. These drops are likely due to vasoconstriction of the ophthalmic arteries under the inner canthi and sympathetic activation of the eccrine glands in the supraorbital region, respectively. The patterns were observed on eight migraine patients and meticulously quantified using advance computational methods, capable of delineating small anatomical structures in thermal imagery and tracking them automatically over time...
July 12, 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877580/patients-with-migraine-have-substantial-reductions-in-measures-of-visual-quality-of-life
#8
Laura L Hanson, Zubair Ahmed, Bradley J Katz, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Yingying Zhang, Yue Zhang, Susan Baggaley, Karly Pippitt, Melissa M Cortez, Kathleen B Digre
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is associated with several important visual symptoms, during both acute attacks and headache-free intervals. The purpose of this investigation was to use validated vision-related quality of life instruments to assess the effect of migraine on visual quality of life. BACKGROUND: Many migraineurs experience visual aura, increased photophobia during and between headache attacks, and increased symptoms of dry eye with structural changes in corneal nerve endings...
July 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#9
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
September 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990996/subbasal-nerve-plexus-changes-in-chronic-migraine
#10
Rohit Shetty, Rashmi Deshmukh, Rushad Shroff, Charmy Dedhiya, Chaitra Jayadev
PURPOSE: Migraine is a multifactorial disorder that presents with unilateral headache and several sensory symptoms. Photophobia is one of the ophthalmic manifestations that cause significant morbidity. The trigeminal pathway that innervates the cornea in the form of afferents has been implicated in photophobia associated with chronic migraine. This study investigates changes in the corneal subbasal nerve plexus (SBNP) in chronic migraine patients with and without photophobia. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with migraine and photophobia (group 1), 24 patients with migraine without photophobia (group 2), and 24 age- and sex-matched controls (group 3) were studied...
January 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815087/ocular-and-systemic-risk-factors-of-different-morphologies-of-scotoma-in-patients-with-normal-tension-glaucoma
#11
Ewa Kosior-Jarecka, Dominika Wróbel-Dudzińska, Urszula Łukasik, Tomasz Żarnowski
THE AIM: The aim of this study was to assess general and ocular profiles of patients with single-localisation changes in visual field. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 215 Caucasian patients with normal-tension glaucoma with scotoma on single localisation or with preperimetric glaucoma. During regular follow-up visits, ophthalmic examination was carried out and medical history was recorded. The results of the visual field were allocated as paracentral scotomas, arcuate scotomas, peripheral defects, or hemispheric defects...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286685/acute-vision-loss-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#12
Serena Byrd, Adnan S Hussaini, Jastin Antisdel
A 41-year-old female with a history of uterine cancer and Celiac and Raynaud's Disease presented to our institution with frequent migraines and nasal congestion. She underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and experienced acute unilateral vision loss postoperatively. Rapid recognition of the etiology and effective treatment are paramount given the permanent and irreversible vision loss that can result. Arterial vasospasm following FESS is rare. Patients with autoimmune diseases have perhaps an increased risk for vasospasm secondary to an increased vasoreactive profile...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226174/indications-and-outcome-of-carotid-doppler-ultrasound-an-ophthalmic-perspective
#13
S Mukherji, M Kurli, S Sandramouli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess indications and outcome of carotid Doppler ultrasound requested by ophthalmologists from an eye hospital over a period of three years. METHODS: This retrospective study was designed to analyse data for all patients referred to have carotid Doppler ultrasound from 1999 to 2001. Colour fundus photograph was used to ascertain diagnosis of ocular condition. Detailed case note analysis was done to correlate patient details, indication, results of carotid Doppler, and status of anti-platelet treatment as well as presence of other risk factors...
May 2004: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766029/clinical-importance-of-the-middle-meningeal-artery-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Jinlu Yu, Yunbao Guo, Baofeng Xu, Kan Xu
The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is a very important artery in neurosurgery. Many diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF), moyamoya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine and meningioma, can involve the MMA. In these diseases, the lesions occur in either the MMA itself and treatment is necessary, or the MMA is used as the pathway to treat the lesions; therefore, the MMA is very important to the development and treatment of a variety of neurosurgical diseases...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695367/simultaneous-occlusion-of-three-cilioretinal-arteries-following-scleral-buckling-surgery-under-local-anesthesia
#15
Pietro Emanuele Napoli, Alberto Cuccu, Roberta Farci, Maurizio Fossarello
BACKGROUND: Cilioretinal artery (CRA) occlusions are rare in young patients. In these cases, the most commonly associated causes are considered to be the same as those implicated in central retina artery occlusions, such as vasculitic processes, migraine, cardiac disorder, and coagulation abnormality. The aim of this article was to report for the first time the medical records and investigational results of an unusual case of simultaneous occlusion of three CRAs after scleral buckling surgery under local anesthesia...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559310/peripheral-sensory-neurons-expressing-melanopsin-respond-to-light
#16
Anna Matynia, Eileen Nguyen, Xiaoping Sun, Frank W Blixt, Sachin Parikh, Jason Kessler, Luis Pérez de Sevilla Müller, Samer Habib, Paul Kim, Zhe Z Wang, Allen Rodriguez, Andrew Charles, Steven Nusinowitz, Lars Edvinsson, Steven Barnes, Nicholas C Brecha, Michael B Gorin
The ability of light to cause pain is paradoxical. The retina detects light but is devoid of nociceptors while the trigeminal sensory ganglia (TG) contain nociceptors but not photoreceptors. Melanopsin-expressing intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) are thought to mediate light-induced pain but recent evidence raises the possibility of an alternative light responsive pathway independent of the retina and optic nerve. Here, we show that melanopsin is expressed in both human and mouse TG neurons...
2016: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521844/reduced-insula-habituation-associated-with-amplification-of-trigeminal-brainstem-input-in-migraine
#17
Jeungchan Lee, Richard L Lin, Ronald G Garcia, Jieun Kim, Hyungjun Kim, Marco L Loggia, Ishtiaq Mawla, Ajay D Wasan, Robert R Edwards, Bruce R Rosen, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Vitaly Napadow
Background Impaired sensory processing in migraine can reflect diminished habituation, increased activation, or even increased gain or amplification of activity from the primary synapse in the brainstem to higher cortical/subcortical brain regions. Methods We scanned 16 episodic migraine (interictal) and 16 healthy controls (cross-sectional study), and evaluated brain response to innocuous air-puff stimulation over the right forehead in the ophthalmic nerve (V1 ) trigeminal territory. We further evaluated habituation, and cortical/subcortical amplification relative to spinal trigeminal nucleus (Sp5) activation...
October 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245325/intraocular-pressure-and-ocular-biometric-parameters-changes-in-migraine
#18
Yaran Koban, Hatice Kose Ozlece, Gorkem Bilgin, Mustafa Koc, Halil Huseyin Cagatay, Emre I Durgunlu, Ayse Burcu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the intraocular pressure and ocular biometric parameters in migraine patients during acute migraine attacks and compare them with painless period and healthy controls using a new optical biometer AL-Scan. METHODS: In this prospective, case-control study, the axial length, corneal curvature radius, anterior chamber depth, central corneal thickness, and pupil size of 40 migraine patients during acute migraine attacks and painless period and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were measured using a AL-Scan optical biometer (Nidek Co...
May 31, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134906/evaluation-of-ocular-side-effects-in-the-patients-on-topiramate-therapy-for-control-of-migrainous-headache
#19
Omid Hesami, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Nasim Kazemi, Seyed-Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud, Nahid Beladi Moghaddam, Farhad Assarzadegan, Sara Mokhtari, Shahrzad Fakhraee
INTRODUCTION: Topiramate, a sulfa-derivative monosaccharide, is an antiepileptic drug which is administered in the control of migraine. It is reported to cause various ocular side effects such as visual field defect and myopic shift. To investigate the alterations in refractive error, properties of the cornea and changes in the anterior chamber in patients that receive Topiramate for migraine control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a hospital-based, non-interventional, observational study that is conducted at Imam Hossein Hospital, affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurology, in collaboration with the department of Ophthalmology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985257/cavernous-sinus-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-patients-presenting-with-headache-as-an-initial-symptom
#20
Motohiro Nomura, Kentaro Mori, Akira Tamase, Tomoya Kamide, Syunsuke Seki, Yu Iida, Yuichi Kawabata, Tatsu Nakano, Hiroshi Shima, Hiroki Taguchi
Cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) patients presenting with only headache as an initial symptom are not common. Patients with CS-dAVF commonly present with symptoms related to their eyes. In all three patients, headache was the initial symptom. Other symptoms related to the eyes developed 1 - 7 months after headache. In one patient, headache was controlled by sumatriptan succinate, but not diclofenac sodium or loxoprofen sodium. In another patient, headache was controlled by loxoprofen sodium...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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