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Rosemary Extract

Rosemary Darwood, David C Berridge, David O Kessel, Iain Robertson, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Both peripheral arterial thrombolysis and surgery can be used in the management of peripheral arterial ischaemia. Much is known about the indications, risks, and benefits of thrombolysis. However, whether thrombolysis works better than surgery for initial management of acute limb ischaemia remains unknown. This is the second update of the review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether thrombolysis or surgery is the more effective technique in the initial management of acute limb ischaemia due to thromboembolism...
August 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Faraja D Gonelimali, Jiheng Lin, Wenhua Miao, Jinghu Xuan, Fedrick Charles, Meiling Chen, Shaimaa R Hatab
This work aims to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of ethanolic and water extracts of roselle ( Hibiscus sabdariffa) , rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis) , clove ( Syzygium aromaticum ), and thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ) on some food pathogens and spoilage microorganisms. Agar well diffusion method has been used to determine the antimicrobial activities and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of different plant extracts against Gram-positive bacteria ( Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus ), Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Vibrio parahaemolyticus , and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ), and one fungus ( Candida albicans )...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
David Kennedy, Edward Okello, Paul Chazot, Melanie-Jayne Howes, Samuel Ohiomokhare, Philippa Jackson, Crystal Haskell-Ramsay, Julie Khan, Joanne Forster, Emma Wightman
Extracts of several members of the monoterpene-rich Lamiaceae sub-family Nepetoideae, including those from the Salvia (sage), Melissa ( Lemon balm ) and Rosmarinus (rosemary) genera, evince cognitive and mood effects in humans that are potentially related to their effects on cholinergic and GABAergic neurotransmission. To date, despite promising in vitro properties, the cognitive and mood effects of the closely related Mentha spicata (spearmint) and Mentha piperita (peppermint) remain unexplored. This study therefore assessed the human cognitive/mood effects of the M...
August 7, 2018: Nutrients
Natividad Jurado-Campos, Azahara Carpio, Mohammed Zougagh, Lourdes Arce, Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares
This paper describes a pioneer on-line hyphenation between a supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and an ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) detector through a Tenax TA sorbent trap as retention interface. By means of a simple design, taking advantage of both techniques, this new coupling allows us to extract and preconcentrate analytes and in a second step to determine them. As result, an increase in the accuracy of the analytical process was achieved by elimination of sample transfer from one device to another...
October 1, 2018: Talanta
Julen Gonzalez-Redin, J Gareth Polhill, Terence P Dawson, Rosemary Hill, Iain J Gordon
A debt-based economy cannot survive without economic growth. However, if private debt consistently grows faster than GDP, the consequences are financial crises and the current unprecedented level of global debt. This policy dilemma is aggravated by the lack of analyses factoring the impact of debt-growth cycles on the environment. What is really the relationship between debt and natural resource sustainability, and what is the role of debt in decoupling economic growth from natural resource availability? Here we present a conceptual Agent-Based Model (ABM) that integrates an environmental system into an ABM representation of Steve Keen's debt-based economic models...
2018: PloS One
Jéssica de Araujo Isaias Muller, Rosemary Matias, Jislaine de Fátima Guilhermino, Davyson de Lima Moreira, Karen Silva Dos Santos, Maria Helena Fermiano, Baldomero Antonio Kato Silva, Doroty Mesquita Dourado
Medicinal plants are an alternative for the treatment of infected wounds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Sebastiania hispida in an animal model with a wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus. The crude ethanol extract (ExtEtOH ) of S. hispida underwent phytochemical analysis, quantification of metabolites and antibacterial activity analysis performed using S. aureus. Wistar rats were used to test healing activity, and the groups evaluated comprised gels of ExtEtOH at the concentrations 0...
September 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rosemary Morgan, Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Debjani Barman, Stephen Buzuzi, Charles Ssemugabo, Nkoli Ezumah, Asha S George, Kate Hawkins, Xiaoning Hao, Rebecca King, Tianyang Liu, Sassy Molyneux, Kelly W Muraya, David Musoke, Tumaini Nyamhanga, Bandeth Ros, Kassimu Tani, Sally Theobald, Sreytouch Vong, Linda Waldman
BACKGROUND: Gender is often neglected in health systems, yet health systems are not gender neutral. Within health systems research, gender analysis seeks to understand how gender power relations create inequities in access to resources, the distribution of labour and roles, social norms and values, and decision-making. This paper synthesises findings from nine studies focusing on four health systems domains, namely human resources, service delivery, governance and financing. It provides examples of how a gendered and/or intersectional gender approach can be applied by researchers in a range of low- and middle-income settings (Cambodia, Zimbabwe, Uganda, India, China, Nigeria and Tanzania) to issues across the health system and demonstrates that these types of analysis can uncover new and novel ways of viewing seemingly intractable problems...
July 6, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Abolfazl Aslani, Behzad Zolfaghari, Yeganeh Fereidani
Background: The herpes simplex virus is a human pathogen which can cause skin or mucous membrane infections. Melissa, sumac, licorice, rosemary, and geranium have antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and local analgesic effect. Shortening recovery period of recurrent herpes labialis and control of viral protein formation are the other effects of these herbs. The aim of this study is design, formulation, and evaluation of the gel containing extracts of these five herbs. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study after photochemical and macroscopic evaluation of these medicinal herbs, the semisolid concentrated extracts were incorporated in gel bases...
May 2018: Dental Research Journal
Ugne Cizauskaite, Jurga Bernatoniene
The increased interest in natural cosmetics has resulted in a higher market demand for preservative-free products based on herbal ingredients. An innovative W/O/W type emulsions containing herbal extracts were prepared directly; its cation form was induced by an ethanolic rosemary extract and stabilized using weak herbal gels. Due to the wide phytochemical composition of herbal extracts and the presence of alcohol in the emulsion system, which can cause skin irritation, sensitization or dryness when applied topically, the safety of the investigated drug delivery system is necessary...
June 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Maryam Akhbari, Saeed Masoum, Fahimeh Aghababaei, Sepideh Hamedi
In this study, the efficiencies of conventional hydro-distillation and novel microwave hydro-distillation methods in extraction of essential oil from Rosemary officinalis leaves have been compared. In order to attain the best yield and also highest quality of the essential oil in the microwave assisted method, the optimal values of operating parameters such as extraction time, microwave irradiation power and water volume to plant mass ratio were investigated using central composite design under response surface methodology...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Stefania Casagrande, László Zsolt Garamszegi, Wolfgang Goymann, Jeremy Donald, Clinton D Francis, Matthew J Fuxjager, Jerry F Husak, Michele A Johnson, Bonnie Kircher, Rosemary Knapp, Lynn B Martin, Eliot T Miller, Laura A Schoenle, Maren N Vitousek, Tony D Williams, Michaela Hau
Animals go through different life history stages such as reproduction, moult, or migration, of which some are more energy-demanding than others. Baseline concentrations of glucocorticoid hormones increase during moderate, predictable challenges and thus are expected to be higher when seasonal energy demands increase, such as during reproduction. By contrast, stress-induced glucocorticoids prioritize a survival mode that includes reproductive inhibition. Thus, many species down-regulate stress-induced glucocorticoid concentrations during the breeding season...
May 31, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Gerson Lopes Teixeira, Suelen Ávila, Polyanna Silveira Hornung, Rafaela Cristina Turola Barbi, Rosemary Hoffmann Ribani
The aim of this work was to investigate the physicochemical, thermal, and functional properties of partially defatted sapucaia nut (Lecythis pisonis Cambess.) flours (PDSF) degreased by subcritical propane (20-60 °C; 20-100 bar) and supercritical CO2  + ethanol (1:1 w/w) as co-solvent (60 °C; 200 bar) in comparison to the PDSF obtained through Soxhlet extraction with petroleum ether. Under the conditions studied herein, compressed propane has a minor effect on the granules' morphology (average particle size between 22 and 32 μm) or in the physicochemical characteristics of the PDSF...
July 2018: Food Research International
Angela Ju, Camilla S Hanson, Emily Banks, Rosemary Korda, Jonathan C Craig, Tim Usherwood, Peter MacDonald, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and are recommended for at-risk individuals but estimated adherence rates are low. AIM: To describe patients' perspectives, experiences, and attitudes towards taking statins. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of qualitative studies reporting perspectives of patients on statins. METHOD: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PhD dissertations from inception to 6 October 2016 were searched for qualitative studies on adult patients' perspectives on statins...
June 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Xujian Qiu, Charlotte Jacobsen, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen
Lipid oxidation of fish oil enriched cow milk and soy milk supplemented with rosemary extract stored at 2 °C was studied. Both peroxide value and volatile secondary lipid oxidation products were determined to monitor the progress of lipid oxidation. Rosemary extract inhibited lipid oxidation in fish oil enriched cow milk. In contrast, soy milk samples having much higher unsaturated fatty acid content showed higher lipid oxidation stability compared to cow milk. Reduction in the content of chlorogenic acid during storage suggested that this compound may contribute to the lipid oxidation stability of fish oil enriched soy milk product...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
M W Schilling, A J Pham, J B Williams, Y L Xiong, N Dhowlaghar, A C Tolentino, S Kin
The effects of adding combinations of rosemary (R: 1500, 2000, 2500 ppm) and green tea (G: 100, 200, 300 ppm) extracts in combination with synthetic antioxidants on the physiochemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics of fresh pork sausage were evaluated. R and G improved (P < .05) oxidative stability as evidenced by lower TBARS. R2500 and G300 had fewer PPC than the control at d 7, 14, and 21 of storage. Consumer acceptability scores were greater (P < .05) in sausages with R and G when compared to the control, and the majority of the R and G treatments were liked by 98% of the respondents...
September 2018: Meat Science
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Maria J Grant, Nicholas R Hardiker
BACKGROUND: A nursing record system is the record of care that was planned or given to individual patients and clients by qualified nurses or other caregivers under the direction of a qualified nurse. Nursing record systems may be an effective way of influencing nurse practice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of nursing record systems on nursing practice and patient outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: For the original version of this review in 2000, and updates in 2003 and 2008, we searched: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group Specialised Register; MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, BNI, ISI Web of Knowledge, and ASLIB Index of Theses...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bahram Rasoulian, Zahra Hajializadeh, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Marzieh Rashidipour, Iman Fatemi, Ayat Kaeidi
Diabetes mellitus is associated with the development of neuronal tissue damage in different central and peripheral nervous system regions. A common complication of diabetes is painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. We have explored the antihyperalgesic and neuroprotective properties of Rosmarinus officinalis L. extract (RE) in a rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. The nociceptive threshold and motor coordination of these diabetic rats was assessed using the tail-flick and rotarod treadmill tests, respectively...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Rosemari Otton, Anaysa Paola Bolin, Leticia Torres Ferreira, Marcelo Paradiso Marinovic, Andrea Livia Silva Rocha, Marcelo Alves Mori
Obesity leads to changes in miRNA expression in adipose tissue, and this modulation is linked to the pathophysiology of the disease. Green tea (GT) is a natural source of polyphenols that have been shown to confer health benefits, particularly preventing metabolic diseases. Here, we investigated if the beneficial effects of GT in obesity results from changes in the miRNA profile in white adipose tissue. GT treatment [500 mg/body weight (BW)/12 weeks] increased energy expenditure of high-fat diet-fed mice (16 weeks), leading to reduced weight gain, decreased adiposity, reduced inflammation and improved insulin sensitivity...
July 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Amina E Essawy, Wessam M Abdel-Wahab, Ismail A Sadek, Omnia M Khamis
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of aqueous extracts of ginger (GE) and rosemary (RE), both individually and in combination, on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced liver injury in adult male rats. CCl4 induced significant increase in liver enzymes, bilirubin, triglycerides, and total cholesterol while total protein, albumin, and globulin were significantly decreased. Also, the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) and oxidative stress markers were found to be elevated with a concomitant decrease in the activity of antioxidant enzymes in hepatic tissue...
July 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Filip Vlavcheski, David Baron, Ioannis A Vlachogiannis, Rebecca E K MacPherson, Evangelia Tsiani
Skeletal muscle is a major insulin-target tissue and plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. Insulin action in muscle activates the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway causing the translocation of intracellularly stored GLUT4 glucose transporters to the plasma membrane and increased glucose uptake. Impaired insulin action in muscle results in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Activation of the energy sensor AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) increases muscle glucose uptake and the use of AMPK activators is viewed as an effective strategy to combat insulin resistance...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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