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Mingxiong Huang, Deborah L Harrington, Ashley Robb, Annemarie Angeles, Sharon Nichols, Angela I Drake, Tao Song, Mithun Diwakar, Charles W Huang, Victoria Risbrough, Anders M Dale, Hauke Bartsch, Scott Matthews, Jeffrey W Huang, Roland R Lee, Dewleen G Baker
Blast mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained impairment in military service members and Veterans. However, the mechanism of persistent disability is not fully understood. The present study investigated disturbances in brain functioning in mTBI participants using a source-imaging-based approach to analyze functional connectivity (FC) from resting-state magnetoencephalography (rs-MEG). Study participants included 26 active-duty service members or Veterans who had blast mTBI with persistent post-concussive symptoms and 22 healthy control active-duty service members or Veterans...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Jonathan M Scott, Stephen E Robinson, Tom Holroyd, Richard Coppola, Susumu Sato, Sara K Inati
PURPOSE: To describe and optimize an automated beamforming technique followed by identification of locations with excess kurtosis (g2) for efficient detection and localization of interictal spikes in patients with medically refractory epilepsy. METHODS: Synthetic aperture magnetometry with g2 averaged over a sliding time window (SAMepi) was performed in seven patients with focal epilepsy and five healthy volunteers. The effect of varied window lengths on detection of spiking activity was evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Konstantinos Nasiotis, Simon Clavagnier, Sylvain Baillet, Christopher C Pack
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is used in clinical and fundamental studies of brain functions, primarily for the excellent temporal resolution it provides. The spatial resolution is often assumed to be poor, because of the ill-posed nature of MEG source modeling. However, the question of spatial resolution in MEG has seldom been studied in quantitative detail. Here we use the well-known retinotopic organization of the primary visual cortex (V1) as a benchmark for estimating the spatial resolution of MEG source imaging...
October 12, 2016: NeuroImage
Johanna Metsomaa, Jukka Sarvas, Risto J Ilmoniemi
OBJECTIVE: Blind source separation (BSS) can be used to decompose complex electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography data into simpler components based on statistical assumptions without using a physical model. Applications include brain-computer interfaces, artifact removal and identifying parallel neural processes. We wish to address the issue of applying BSS to event-related responses which is challenging because of non-stationary data. METHODS: We introduce a new BSS approach called momentary-uncorrelated component analysis (MUCA) which is tailored for event-related multi-trial data...
October 12, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Michele Porcu, Antonella Balestrieri, Paolo Siotto, Pierleone Lucatelli, Michele Anzidei, Jasjit S Suri, Fulvio Zaccagna, Giovanni Maria Argiolas, Luca Saba
Mood disorders (MD) are important and frequent psychiatric pathologies, and the management of the patients affected by thes conditions represent an important factor of disability and a huge problem in socialterms and an economic burden. The "in-vivo" studies can help researchers to understand the first events at the base of the development of the pathology and to identify the molecular and non-molecular targets of therapies, but theyhave strong limitations due to the fact that human brain circuitsthem selvesare difficult to be reproduced in animal models...
October 10, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Laura D Lewis, Kawin Setsompop, Bruce R Rosen, Jonathan R Polimeni
Oscillatory neural dynamics play an important role in the coordination of large-scale brain networks. High-level cognitive processes depend on dynamics evolving over hundreds of milliseconds, so measuring neural activity in this frequency range is important for cognitive neuroscience. However, current noninvasive neuroimaging methods are not able to precisely localize oscillatory neural activity above 0.2 Hz. Electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography have limited spatial resolution, whereas fMRI has limited temporal resolution because it measures vascular responses rather than directly recording neural activity...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Alison Mary, Vincent Wens, Marc Op de Beeck, Rachel Leproult, Xavier De Tiège, Philippe Peigneux
Decreased neural plasticity is observed with healthy ageing in the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex thought to participate in motor learning and memory consolidation processes. In the present magnetoencephalography study, the post-training reorganization of resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) and its relation with motor learning and early consolidation in 14 young (19-30 years) and 14 old (66-70 years) healthy participants were investigated. At the behavioral level, participants were trained on a motor sequence learning task then retested 20-30 min later for transient offline gains in performance...
October 11, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Jon M Houck, Mustafa S Çetin, Andrew R Mayer, Juan R Bustillo, Julia Stephen, Cheryl Aine, Jose Cañive, Nora Perrone-Bizzozero, Robert J Thoma, Matthew J Brookes, Vince D Calhoun
Examination of intrinsic functional connectivity using functional MRI (fMRI) has provided important findings regarding dysconnectivity in schizophrenia. Extending these results using a complementary neuroimaging modality, magnetoencephalography (MEG), we present the first direct comparison of functional connectivity between schizophrenia patients and controls, using these two modalities combined. We developed a novel MEG approach for estimation of networks using MEG that incorporates spatial independent component analysis (ICA) and pairwise correlations between independent component timecourses, to estimate intra- and intern-network connectivity...
October 7, 2016: NeuroImage
Timothy J McDermott, Amy S Badura-Brack, Katherine M Becker, Tara J Ryan, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S Pine, Maya M Khanna, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Tony W Wilson
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with executive functioning deficits, including disruptions in working memory (WM). Recent studies suggest that attention training reduces PTSD symptomatology, but the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. We used high-density magnetoencephalography (MEG) to evaluate whether attention training modulates brain regions serving WM processing in PTSD. Fourteen veterans with PTSD completed a WM task during a 306-sensor MEG recording before and after 8 sessions of attention training treatment...
October 8, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Miwako Hisagi, Valerie L Shafer, Shigeru Miyagawa, Hadas Kotek, Ayaka Sugawara, Dimitrios Pantazis
We examined discrimination of a second-language (L2) vowel duration contrast in English learners of Japanese (JP) with different amounts of experience using the magnetoencephalography mismatch field (MMF) component. Twelve L2 learners were tested before and after a second semester of college-level JP; half attended a regular rate course and half an accelerated course with more hours per week. Results showed no significant change in MMF for either the regular or accelerated learning group from beginning to end of the course...
October 6, 2016: Brain Research
Chris Neufeld, Stephanie E Kramer, Natalia Lapinskaya, Christopher C Heffner, Anton Malko, Ellen F Lau
A defining trait of linguistic competence is the ability to combine elements into increasingly complex structures to denote, and to comprehend, a potentially infinite number of meanings. Recent magnetoencephalography (MEG) work has investigated these processes by comparing the response to nouns in combinatorial (blue car) and non-combinatorial (rnsh car) contexts. In the current study we extended this paradigm using electroencephalography (EEG) to dissociate the role of semantic content from phonological well-formedness (yerl car)...
2016: PloS One
Toshiro Fujimoto, Eiichi Okumura, Atsushi Kodabashi, Kouzou Takeuchi, Toshiaki Otsubo, Katsumi Nakamura, Kazutaka Yatsushiro, Masaki Sekine, Shinichiro Kamiya, Susumu Shimooki, Toshiyo Tamura
We studied sex-related differences in gamma oscillation during an auditory oddball task, using magnetoencephalography and electroencephalography assessment of imaginary coherence (IC). We obtained a statistical source map of event-related desynchronization (ERD) / event-related synchronization (ERS), and compared females and males regarding ERD / ERS. Based on the results, we chose respectively seed regions for IC determinations in low (30-50 Hz), mid (50-100 Hz) and high gamma (100-150 Hz) bands. In males, ERD was increased in the left posterior cingulate cortex (CGp) at 500 ms in the low gamma band, and in the right caudal anterior cingulate cortex (cACC) at 125 ms in the mid-gamma band...
2016: Open Neuroimaging Journal
Russell G Port, William Gaetz, Luke Bloy, Dah-Jyuu Wang, Lisa Blaskey, Emily S Kuschner, Susan E Levy, Edward S Brodkin, Timothy P L Roberts
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is hypothesized to arise from imbalances between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission (E/I imbalance). Studies have demonstrated E/I imbalance in individuals with ASD and also corresponding rodent models. One neural process thought to be reliant on E/I balance is gamma-band activity (Gamma), with support arising from observed correlations between motor, as well as visual, Gamma and underlying GABA concentrations in healthy adults. Additionally, decreased Gamma has been observed in ASD individuals and relevant animal models, though the direct relationship between Gamma and GABA concentrations in ASD remains unexplored...
October 1, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Keith A Vossel, Kamalini G Ranasinghe, Alexander J Beagle, Danielle Mizuiri, Susanne M Honma, Anne F Dowling, Sonja M Darwish, Victoria Van Berlo, Deborah E Barnes, Mary Mantle, Anna M Karydas, Giovanni Coppola, Erik D Roberson, Bruce L Miller, Paul A Garcia, Heidi E Kirsch, Lennart Mucke, Srikantan S Nagarajan
OBJECTIVE Seizures are more frequent in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and can hasten cognitive decline. However, the incidence of subclinical epileptiform activity in AD and its consequences are unknown. Motivated by results from animal studies, we hypothesized higher than expected rates of subclinical epileptiform activity in AD with deleterious effects on cognition. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 33 patients (mean age 62 years) who met criteria for AD, but had no history of seizures, and 19 age-matched, cognitively normal controls...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Neurology
Tohru Okanishi, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Ellen Mayo, Yasunori Honda, Chihiro Ueda-Kawada, Midori Nakajima, Yoichiro Homma, Ayako Ochi, Cristina Go, Elysa Widjaja, Sylvester H Chuang, James T Rutka, James Drake, O Carter Snead, Hiroshi Otsubo
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the extensive epileptic network in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) manifests as clustered and scattered distributions of magnetoencephalography spike sources (MEGSS). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pre-surgical MEG in 15 patients with TSC. We performed single moving dipole analysis to localize and classify clustered and scattered MEGSS. We compared the number of electrodes within the resected area (RA) and the proportions of clustered and scattered MEGSS within RA with the seizure outcome...
September 6, 2016: Epilepsy Research
Daeyoung Kim, Eun Yeon Joo, Dae-Won Seo, Min-Young Kim, Yong-Ho Lee, Hyuk Chan Kwon, Jae-Moon Kim, Seung Bong Hong
BACKGROUND: We conducted the study to examine accuracy of the magnetoencephalography (MEG) spike source localization in presurgical evaluation of patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients with refractory focal epilepsy who were candidates for two-stage surgery with long-term intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) monitoring were enrolled. Interictal MEG recordings with simultaneous scalp EEG were obtained within 7days before the ICEEG electrode implantation...
August 16, 2016: Epilepsy Research
Kaoru Amano, Liang Qi, Yoshikazu Terada, Shin'ya Nishida
While sensory processing latency, inferred from the manual reaction time (RT), is substantially affected by diverse stimulus parameters, subjective temporal judgments are relatively accurate. The neural mechanisms underlying this timing perception remain obscure. Here, we measured human neural activity by magnetoencephalography while participants performed a simultaneity judgment task between the onset of random-dot coherent motion and a beep. In a separate session, participants performed an RT task for the same stimuli...
July 2016: ENeuro
Takahiro Yoshikawa, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Yoko Yamano, Yasuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Changes of resting brain activities after visual food stimulation might affect the feeling of pleasure in eating food in daily life and spontaneous appetitive motives. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to identify brain areas related to the activity changes. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, right-handed males [age, 25.4 ± 5.5 years; body mass index, 22.5 ± 2.7 kg/m(2) (mean ± SD)] were enrolled. They were asked to watch food or mosaic pictures for 5 min and to close their eyes for 3 min before and after the picture presentation without thinking of anything...
September 26, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Vibhangini S Wasade, Indranil Balki, Susan M Bowyer, Shaila Gaddam, Ali-Reza Mohammadi-Nejad, Mohammad-Reza Nazem-Zadeh, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Andrew Zillgitt, Marianna Spanaki-Varelas
Excessive yawning was described in some neurological conditions as part of periictal or ictal manifestations of epilepsy, most commonly temporal lobe. We present the first case of controllable yawning as a primary seizure semiology with dominant frontal lobe involvement in a 20-year-old man. Video electroencephalography recorded 8 yawning episodes accompanied with right arm movement correlating with rhythmic diffuse theta range activity with left hemispheric predominance. Magnetoencephalography coherence source imaging was consistent with persistent neuronal networks with areas of high coherence reliably present over the left lateral orbitofrontal region...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Lotta Fornander, Tom Brismar, Thomas Hansson, Heidi Wikström
We have previously shown age- and time-dependent effects on brain activity in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of patients with median nerve injury. Whereas fMRI measures the hemodynamic changes in response to increased neural activity, magnetoencephalography (MEG) offers a more concise way of examining the evoked response, with superior temporal resolution. We therefore wanted to combine these imaging techniques to gain additional knowledge of the plasticity processes in response to median nerve injury...
September 20, 2016: Somatosensory & Motor Research
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