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“Injury mortality trend”

Reidar P Lystad, Kate Curtis, Gary J Browne, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe the incidence, cost, and temporal trends of sports injury-related hospitalisations in Australian children over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: This study used linked hospitalisation and mortality data of children aged ≤16 years who were hospitalised for sports-related injury in Australia from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012. Age-standardised incidence rates were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Josephine Cool, Russell Rosenblatt, Sonal Kumar, Catherine Lucero, Brett Fortune, Carl Crawford, Arun Jesudian
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is increasingly common in cirrhotics, but its impact on mortality and outcomes is unclear. Studies evaluating PVT have been limited by small sample size. This study analyzes the trend of the prevalence of PVT and its associated mortality in hospitalized decompensated cirrhotics. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample, the largest nationally-representative database of hospital discharges, was queried from 1998-2014...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Stefan Stortecky, Anna Franzone, Dik Heg, David Tueller, Stephane Noble, Thomas Pilgrim, Raban Jeger, Stefan Toggweiler, Enrico Ferrari, Fabian Nietlispach, Maurizio Taramasso, Francesco Maisano, Jürg Grünenfelder, Olivier Muller, Christoph Huber, Marco Roffi, Thierry Carrel, Peter Wenaweser, Stephan Windecker
Aims: To describe temporal trends in adoption and performance of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in Switzerland over a period of 5 years. Methods and Results: Between 2011 and 2015, a total of 3'493 patients were consecutively included in the SwissTAVI Registry (NCT01368250) and analyzed for the purpose of this study. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality at 1-year after TAVI. Over the five-year period, a six-fold increase in the number of procedures was observed, whereas the baseline surgical risk estimated by the Society of Thoracic Surgeon (STS) score declined (from 6...
October 9, 2018: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
Mark Schieren, Andreas B Böhmer, Rolf Lefering, Thomas Paffrath, Frank Wappler, Jerome Defosse
INTRODUCTION: Chest trauma and obesity are both associated with increased risks for respiratory complications (e.g. hypoxia, hypercarbia, pneumonia), which are frequent causes of posttraumatic morbidity and mortality. However, as there is only limited and inconsistent evidence, the aim of our study was to analyse the effect of body mass index (BMI) on patient outcomes after thoracic trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We screened 50.519 patients entered in TraumaRegister DGU® , between 2004-2009, when the BMI was part of the standardized dataset...
September 28, 2018: Injury
Sahar Q Khan, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Ana F Best, Yingxi Chen, Emily A Haozous, Erik J Rodriquez, Susan Spillane, David A Thomas, Diana Withrow, Neal D Freedman, Meredith S Shiels
Importance: The United States has higher infant and youth mortality rates than other high-income countries, with striking disparities by racial/ethnic group. Understanding changing trends by age and race/ethnicity for leading causes of death is imperative for focused intervention. Objective: To estimate trends in US infant and youth mortality rates from 1999 to 2015 by age group and race/ethnicity, identify leading causes of death, and compare mortality rates with Canada and England/Wales...
October 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Ben Beck, Warwick Teague, Peter Cameron, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate causes, characteristics and temporal trends of paediatric major trauma. DESIGN: A retrospective review of paediatric major trauma (<16 years of age) was conducted using data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry from 2006 to 2016. Temporal trends in population-based incidence rates were evaluated using Poisson regression. SETTING: Victoria, Australia. RESULTS: Of the 1511 paediatric major trauma patients, most were male (68%), had sustained blunt trauma (87%) and had injuries resulting from unintentional events (91%)...
October 2, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Marcus D Darrabie, Jennifer Cheeseman, Alexander T Limkakeng, Joseph Borawski, Bruce A Sullenger, Eric A Elster, Allan D Kirk, Jaewoo Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical insult and trauma have been shown to cause dysregulation of the immune and inflammatory responses. Interaction of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) with toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiates innate immune response and systemic inflammatory responses. Given that surgical patients produce high levels of circulating damage-associated molecular patterns, we hypothesized that plasma-activated TLR activity would be correlated to injury status and could be used to predict pathological conditions involving tissue injury...
November 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Sanjeev Lalwani, Fahmi Hasan, Surbhi Khurana, Purva Mathur
To evaluate the potential risk factors which increase the incidence of post-trauma complications and mortality in pediatric population.A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients below 18 years of age with a fatal outcome who were admitted to an Indian level-1 trauma center between January 2013 and December 2015. This cohort was analyzed to determine the demographics, injury mechanism, injury severity, microbiological profile, and cause of death.In total, 320 pediatric patients with a fatal outcome were studied which showed male preponderance (71...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuo Wang, Xiaoyu Du, Xue Han, Fan Yang, Jia Zhao, Hui Li, Mi Li, Hongwei Zhang, Wenbin Liu, Jiahui Song, Guangwen Cao
BACKGROUND: Understanding how socioeconomic events influence cause-specific mortality is essential for optimizing disease-control strategies. We characterized long-term trends in cause-specific mortality in a stable population from a very large urban centre. METHODS: We derived population data from 1974 to 2015 on vital status, demographics and causes of death from the death registration system in Yangpu District, Shanghai, China. We examined temporal trends in mortality and assessed the effects of age, period and birth cohort...
October 1, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Farideh Sadeghian, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Soheil Saadat, Parastoo Niloofar, Nazila Rezaei, Mohammad Hosein Amirzade-Iranaq, Parinaz Mehdipour, Ali Abbaszadeh Kasbi, Zahra Ghodsi, Anita Mansouri, Mahdi Sharif-Alhosseini, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, Armin Aryannejad, Vida Ehyaee, Khatereh Naghdi, Pegah Derakhshan, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ali H Mokdad, Gerard O'Reilly, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
INTRODUCTION: Burn injuries are a major cause of preventable mortality worldwide. To implement preventive strategies, a detailed understanding of the rate and trend of fatal burn injuries is needed. The aim of this study was to determine the rate and trend of burn mortality at national and province level in Iran from 1990 to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were retrieved from various sources: the Death Registration System, cemetery databases, the Demographic and Health Survey and three national population and housing censuses...
September 28, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Soman Sen, Luke Hsei, Nam Tran, Kathleen Romanowski, Tina Palmieri, David Greenhalgh, Kiho Cho
INTRODUCTION: Following a severe burn injury, significant hematologic changes occur that are reflected in complete blood count (CBC) measurements. Our aim for this study was to examine trend in the components of the CBC in severely burned patients over the first week after injury and compare differences in CBC components between survivors and non-survivors. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective review was performed of adult (≥18years) burn patients with a TBSA≥15%...
September 28, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Farhad Pishgar, Erfan Amini, Kimiya Gohari, Arya Aminorroaya, Ali Sheidaei, Yasna Rostamabadi, Hooman Ebrahimi, Moein Yoosefi, Shohreh Naderimagham, Nazila Rezaei, Mitra Modirian, Alireza Namazi Shabestari, Farzad Kompani, Farshad Farzadfar
PURPOSE: To study trends of urological cancers mortalities in Iran between 1990 and 2015 as a part of a larger project named national and subnational burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. METHODS: The primary dataset of this project comprises data of national death registration system. Cause-specific mortality fraction for each age, sex, province, and year group was calculated using a two-stage mixed effects and spatiotemporal models, and then these fractions were applied to all-cause mortality rates, obtained from a parallel study to estimate mortality rates attributable to each cause...
October 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Amit P Amin, Duane Pinto, John A House, Sunil V Rao, John A Spertus, Mauricio G Cohen, Samir Pancholy, Adam C Salisbury, Mamas A Mamas, Nathan Frogge, Jasvindar Singh, John Lasala, Frederick A Masoudi, Steven M Bradley, Jason H Wasfy, Thomas M Maddox, Hemant Kulkarni
Importance: Same-day discharge (SDD) after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with lower costs and preferred by patients. However, to our knowledge, contemporary patterns of SDD after elective PCI with respect to the incidence, hospital variation, trends, costs, and safety outcomes in the United States are unknown. Objective: To examine (1) the incidence and trends in SDD; (2) hospital variation in SDD; (3) the association between SDD and readmissions for bleeding, acute kidney injury (AKI), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or mortality at 30, 90, and 365 days after PCI; and (4) hospital costs of SDD and its drivers...
September 26, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Amit Abraham, Hekmat Alrouh, Ravinder Mamtani
INTRODUCTION: With the increase of Qatar's total population, primarily due to the influx of healthy male migrant labor, worldwide attention has been focused on deaths among these migrant workers. OBJECTIVE: To describe adult mortality trends in Qataris (nationals) and non-Qataris (migrants) from all causes, cardiovascular and circulatory disease, neoplasms, and injuries, 1989-2015. METHODS: We retrieved Qatar's vital registration data by nationality, sex, age group, year, and codes of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revisions...
2018: PloS One
O Trent Hall, Ryan P McGrath, Mark D Peterson, Edmund H Chadd, Michael J DeVivo, Allen W Heinemann, Claire Z Kalpakjian
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the burden of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) as defined by non-fatal health loss and premature mortality among a large sample of participants over a 44-year period, and estimate the national burden of SCI in the United States (U.S.) for the year 2010. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: National SCI Model Systems and Shriners Hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals were categorized by neurologic level of injury as cervical (N=28,178) or thoracic and below (N=23,048)...
September 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Matthew Burstow, Ian Civil, Li Hsee
BACKGROUND: Population studies have confirmed an increase in the proportion of elderly patients (≥65 years of age), and this could be expected to be reflected in trauma admissions and outcomes. This study aims to investigate the demographic trends for elderly patients admitted following trauma to Auckland City Hospital (ACH) and their outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ACH Trauma Database was searched from 1995 to 2014, and data including date of admission, injury cause, age, sex, mortality, Injury Severity Score (ISS), Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay and length of stay (LOS) were extracted...
September 20, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Richard H Kallet, Kelly Ho, Michael S Lipnick, Michael A Matthay
Background: Common causes of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) include pneumonia, aspiration, non-pulmonary sepsis and trauma. Little is known about pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange in less-common etiologies of ARDS, which comprises 12-23% of cases. Our hospital's ARDS quality assurance database contained a substantial number of these cases. This descriptive study examines the pulmonary mechanics, and gas exchange characteristics of this diverse cohort of ARDS subjects. Methods: Between March 2010 and April 2017 we identified 94 subjects with less common etiologies of ARDS who had dead space fraction (VD /VT ) and respiratory system compliance (CRS ) measured within 24 hours of ARDS onset; 86 of whom did not have sepsis as a co-diagnosis...
August 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Carolyn Weber, Mohamed Zeriouh, Ilija Djordjevic, Julia Merkle, Olga Shostak, Sergey Saenko, Payman Majd, Oliver Liakopoulos, Parwis B Rahmanian, Navid Madershahian, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Ferdinand Kuhn-Régnier, Jens Wippermann, Thorsten Wahlers
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether raised preoperative serum creatinine affected the long-term outcome in patients undergoing surgical aortic repair for Stanford A acute aortic dissection (AAD). METHODS: A total of 240 patients diagnosed with Stanford A AAD underwent surgical repair from January 2006 to April 2015. A propensity score matching was applied, resulting in 73 pairs consisting of one group with normal and one group with preoperative elevated creatinine levels...
September 19, 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
Dave R Lal, Samir K Gadepalli, Cynthia D Downard, Peter C Minneci, Michelle Knezevich, Thomas H Chelius, Cooper T Rapp, Deborah Billmire, Steven Bruch, R Carland Burns, Katherine J Deans, Mary E Fallat, Jason D Fraser, Julia Grabowski, Ferdynand Hebel, Michael A Helmrath, Ronald B Hirschl, Rashmi Kabre, Jonathan Kohler, Matthew P Landman, Charles M Leys, Grace Z Mak, Daniel J Ostlie, Jessica Raque, Beth Rymeski, Jacqueline M Saito, Shawn D St Peter, Daniel von Allmen, Brad W Warner, Thomas T Sato
PURPOSE: Right sided aortic arch (RAA) is a rare anatomic finding in infants with esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). In the presence of RAA, significant controversy exists regarding optimal side for thoracotomy in repair of the EA/TEF. The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence, demographics, surgical approach, and outcomes of patients with RAA and EA/TEF. METHODS: A multi-institutional, IRB approved, retrospective cohort study of infants with EA/TEF treated at 11 children's hospitals in the United States over a 5-year period (2009 to 2014) was performed...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Previous efforts to report estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in India and its different parts include the National Cancer Registry Programme Reports, Sample Registration System cause of death findings, Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Series, and GLOBOCAN. We present a comprehensive picture of the patterns and time trends of the burden of total cancer and specific cancer types in each state of India estimated as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2016 because such a systematic compilation is not readily available...
October 2018: Lancet Oncology
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