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Post-Traumatic Headache

Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen, Kjersti Aaseth, Ragnhild Berling Grande, Christofer Lundqvist, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Primary headaches are associated with psychological distress, neuroticism and disability. However, little is known about headache-related disability and psychological distress among people with secondary chronic headaches. METHODS: 30,000 persons aged 30-44 from the general population was screened for headache by a questionnaire. The responder rate was 71%. The International Classification of Headache Disorders with supplementary definitions for chronic rhinosinusitis and cervicogenic headache were used...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
Eduardo Vazquez-Delgado, Marta Viaplana-Gutierrez, Charles Carlson, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore how pain and psychological distress influence the sleep quality of patients with painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PPTN). STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-two patients with a diagnosis of PPTN according to the International Classification for Headache Disorders of the International Headache Society were enrolled. All patients completed a number of questionnaires that examined sleep quality, psychological distress, and quality of life...
June 12, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
David-Victor-Kumar Irugu, Madan Gupta, Prateek Sharma, Prashant-Pratap-Singh Ramteke, Suresh-Chandra Sharma
Introduction: Temporal bone osteomyelitis is more commonly seen in immunocompromised patients and is very rare in non-immunocompromised individuals. Mucormycosis is a fulminating fungal infection caused by Mucor which is a saprophytic fungus commonly seen in diabetic patients. Here we report a case of temporal bone osteomyelitis in a child with a traumatic history which was causing clinical features of lateral sinus thrombosis. The patient was successfully treated and doing well post-operatively...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Dara Bree, Dan Levy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, the awareness of the detrimental impact of concussion and mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) is becoming more apparent. Concussive head trauma results in a constellation of cognitive and somatic symptoms of which post-traumatic headache is the most common. Our understanding of post-traumatic headache is limited by the paucity of well validated, characterized, and clinically relevant animal models with strong predictive validity. In this review, we aim to summarize and discuss current animal models of concussion/mTBI and related data that start to shed light on the pathophysiology of post-traumatic headache...
August 2, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Jill C Rau, Gina M Dumkrieger, Catherine D Chong, Todd J Schwedt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headache is a frequent and debilitating symptom after mild traumatic brain injury, yet little is known about its pathophysiology and most effective treatments. The goal of this review is to summarize findings from imaging studies used during the clinical evaluation and research investigation of post-traumatic headache (PTH). RECENT FINDINGS: There are no published recommendations or guidelines for when to acquire imaging studies of the head or neck in patients with PTH...
July 30, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Linxin Zhu, Bing Liu, Jingxiang Zhong
BACKGROUND: To report a case of a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) that occurred after a motor vehicle accident and review the uniqueness of this case and the main confusing points for the diagnosis of such cases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old man complained of left eyelid swelling, eye redness, visual decrease and occasional headache after motor vehicle accident 4 months prior during which he experienced a head injury. He was initially thought to have glaucoma, but he was finally diagnosed with a right CCF based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
July 25, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Emily L Dennis, Elisabeth A Wilde, Mary R Newsome, Randall S Scheibel, Maya Troyanskaya, Carmen Velez, Benjamin S C Wade, Ann Marie Drennon, Gerald E York, Erin D Bigler, Tracy J Abildskov, Brian A Taylor, Carlos A Jaramillo, Blessen Eapen, Heather Belanger, Vikash Gupta, Rajendra Morey, Courtney Haswell, Harvey S Levin, Sidney R Hinds, William C Walker, Paul M Thompson, David F Tate
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of morbidity in military Veterans and Service Members. While most individuals recover fully from mild injuries within weeks, some continue to experience symptoms including headaches, disrupted sleep, and other cognitive, behavioral or physical symptoms. Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) shows promise in identifying areas of structural disruption and predicting outcomes. Although some studies suggest widespread structural disruption after brain injury, dMRI studies of military brain injury have yielded mixed results so far, perhaps due to the subtlety of mild injury, individual differences in injury location, severity and mechanism, and comorbidity with other disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and substance abuse...
April 2018: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: from Nano to Macro
Radhika Madhavan, Suresh E Joel, Rakesh Mullick, Taylor Cogsil, Sumit Niogi, Apostolos John Tsiouris, Pratik Mukherjee, Joseph C Masdeu, Luca Marinelli, Teena Shetty
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) affects about 42 million people worldwide. It is often associated with headache, cognitive deficits and balance difficulties but rarely shows any abnormalities on conventional CT or MR imaging. While in most mTBI patients the symptoms resolve within 3 months, 10-15% of patients continue to exhibit symptoms beyond a year. Also, it is known that there exists a vulnerable period post-injury, when a second injury may exacerbate clinical prognosis. Identifying this vulnerable period may be critical for patient outcome, but very little is known about the neural underpinnings of mTBI and its recovery...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Melissa L Mehalick, Amanda C Glueck
In this review, we discuss the comorbidity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and pain among civilians and military members, the common causes of pain resulting from TBI, and offer insight about the therapeutic management of TBI symptoms and pain. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating health problem and one of the most common post-TBI symptoms is pain, which can contribute to psychological issues such as Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Headache pain appears to be the most common type of pain that results from TBI, yet pain can also be more widespread...
July 11, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Chris Bell, James Hackett, Benjamin Hall, Heinke Pülhorn, Catherine McMahon, Ganesh Bavikatte
BACKGROUND: Physical, cognitive and emotional sequelae in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been identified; some as late as two years post-injury. To aid in the specialist management of such patients, a multidisciplinary neurotrauma clinic was initiated at a tertiary centre.  Aim: This study sought to describe the clinical features of patients who attended the clinic. METHODS: Patient data was collected under several categories: basic demographics, mechanism and severity of injury, initial CT findings and management, hospital stay and discharge details, symptoms in clinic and actions performed by clinic staff (medication changes, referrals to other services, etc...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Tine K Grimholt, Laila Skogstad, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Odd Martin Vallersnes, Øivind Ekeberg
BACKGROUND: Following the bomb attack on the government quarter on 22 July 2011, many of the injured were treated at the accident and emergency department in Oslo. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The patients (n=79) were sent a questionnaire ten months after their treatment and again after three years. A total of 42 patients responded on one or both occasions. Post-traumatic stress reactions were measured using PTSD-RI (University of California at Los Angeles PTSD Reaction Index)...
June 26, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Alberta Engelbrecht, Howard Burdett, Maria João Silva, Kamaldeep Bhui, Edgar Jones
BACKGROUND: UK veterans suffering from a psychological or psychiatric illness as a consequence of service in the Second World War were entitled to a war pension. Their case files, which include regular medical assessments, are a valuable resource to investigate the nature, distribution and duration of symptoms. METHODS: A standardised form was used to collect data from pension records of a random sample of 500 UK army veterans from the first presentation in the 1940s until 1980...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Johan Styrke, Peter Sojka, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
Background Chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) are often associated with social functioning problems and decreased ability to perform previous activities. This may lead to decreased life satisfaction, which is insufficiently studied in the context of whiplash injuries. Symptoms included in chronic WAD are similar to symptoms frequently reported by persons who have sustained mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI)/concussion. In cases of MTBI, the severity and number of symptoms have been suggested to have a diagnostic value...
October 1, 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Joanne Kacperski
Concussion, now most often referred to as mild traumatic brain injury in recent literature, is common in pediatrics, and headache is often the most common complaint post-injury. Although most children and adolescents recover within 1-2 weeks, some develop frequent and debilitating headaches that can last for months or longer. Most clinicians would agree on the importance of managing both acute and persistent posttraumatic headaches appropriately to speed recovery, minimize disability, maximize function, and improve quality of life, but there are no well-established guidelines to instruct physicians in doing so...
June 7, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
Daphne Li, Daniel M Heiferman, Brian D Rothstein, Hasan R Syed, Ali Shaibani, Tadanori Tomita
BACKGROUND: Scalp arteriovenous malformations, also known as cirsoid aneurysms, are rare lesions that are congenital, traumatic, or postinfectious in nature. These lesions may be found incidentally or owing to signs and symptoms that they produce, such as an enlarging pulsatile mass, headache, tinnitus, or bleeding. These lesions often constitute high-flow arterial blood from the superficial temporal or occipital arteries with venous outflow into extracranial venous structures. METHODS: We describe diagnosis and management of 2 cases of congenital scalp arteriovenous malformations in adolescent patients...
August 2018: World Neurosurgery
Tiffany Crider, Derrick Eng, Pooja R Sarkar, Janet Cordero, John Claude Krusz, Subhendra N Sarkar
OBJECTIVE: MRI and CT scans are usually normal in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) although 15-20% of such patients suffer for months from fatigue, headache, anxiety, sleep and other disorders. mTBI is suspected to be a cerebrovascular injury, similar to moderate and severe TBI. Brain SPECT is more sensitive and shows perfusion abnormalities immediately after mTBI. This work explores the perfusion abnormalities for young patients suffering from fatigue several months after mTBI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve mTBI patients (age:8-36 yr, 4 male) with no history of fatigue prior to trauma were prospectively studied following onset of fatigue 6-12 months after mTBI utilizing 99 m-Tc ECD brain SPECT with early and delayed radiotracer imaging...
July 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Laura S Moye, Madeline L Novack, Alycia F Tipton, Harish Krishnan, Subhash C Pandey, Amynah Aa Pradhan
Background Post-traumatic headache is the most common and long-lasting impairment observed following mild traumatic brain injury, and frequently has migraine-like characteristics. The mechanisms underlying progression from mild traumatic brain injury to post-traumatic headache are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to develop a mouse model of post-traumatic headache and identify mechanisms and novel targets associated with this disorder. Methods We combined the closed head weight-drop method and the nitroglycerin chronic migraine model...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Mathilde M Husky, Carolyn M Mazure, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with significant personal and societal burden. The present study examines the gender-specific differences in this burden in terms of the co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders and medical conditions with PTSD in the general population of France. METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional general population survey of 21,879 adults. Trained interviewers used a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system to administer the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form to screen for psychiatric disorders and medical conditions in the previous 12 months...
July 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Maryse C Cnossen, Joukje van der Naalt, Joke M Spikman, Daan Nieboer, John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Geoffrey T Manley, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma
Persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS) occur frequently after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The identification of patients at risk for poor outcome remains challenging because valid prediction models are missing. The objectives of the current study were to assess the quality and clinical value of prediction models for PPCS and to develop a new model based on the synthesis of existing models and addition of complaints at the emergency department (ED). Patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15) were recruited prospectively from three Dutch level I trauma centers between 2013 and 2015 in the UPFRONT study...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Victoria C Leung, Simon S M Fung, Rajeev Muni, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report a case of phacomorphic glaucoma following retinal detachment repair with silicone oil (SO) in a pediatric patient. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A chart review was conducted at St. Michael's Hospital and The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada), where the patient received ophthalmic care from July 28, 2015 onwards. RESULTS: A 14-year-old boy with a history of traumatic retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy in the left eye, requiring 2 pars plana vitrectomies, membrane peel, and SO tamponade, presented with 1-day history of decreased vision in the left eye, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting...
June 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
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