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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677688/relating-shape-weight-based-self-esteem-depression-and-anxiety-with-weight-and-perceived-physical-health-among-young-adults
#1
Rebecca C Kamody, Idia B Thurston, Kristina M Decker, Caroline C Kaufman, Kendrin R Sonneville, Tracy K Richmond
Simultaneous contributions of self-esteem, depression, and anxiety to weight and perceived physical health in young adults is understudied. A diverse sample of 424 young adults completed measures of shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and perceived physical health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Latent profile analysis was conducted to derive patterns of depression, anxiety, and shape/weight based self-esteem. Then, we examined the association of the profiles with weight status and perceived physical health...
April 17, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677630/resting-heart-rate-and-the-incidence-and-progression-of-valvular-calcium-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#2
Kojo Amoakwa, Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Seamus P Whelton, Wesley T O'Neal, Wendy S Post, Matthew J Budoff, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Left-sided valvular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Resting heart rate (RHR) may influence valvular calcium progression through shear stress. Whether RHR, an established CVD risk factor, is associated with valvular calcium progression is unknown. We assessed whether RHR predicts incidence and progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) and aortic valve calcium (AVC) in a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677629/effects-of-gastric-bypass-surgery-followed-by-supervised-physical-training-on-inflammation-and-endothelial-function-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Charlotte Røn Stolberg, Lene Hymøller Mundbjerg, Peter Funch-Jensen, Bibi Gram, Else-Marie Bladbjerg, Claus Bogh Juhl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity and physical inactivity are both associated with low-grade inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Bariatric surgery improves markers of inflammation and endothelial function, but it is unknown if physical training after bariatric surgery can improve these markers even further. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) followed by physical training on markers of low-grade inflammation and endothelial function. METHODS: Sixty patients approved for RYGB underwent examinations pre-surgery, 6, 12, and 24 months post-surgery...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677626/positive-alcohol-use-expectancies-moderate-the-association-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-alcohol-use-across-adolescence
#4
Allison M Borges, Carl W Lejuez, Julia W Felton
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), or the fear of anxious symptoms and the belief that these symptoms may have negative physical, social, and cognitive consequences, is one personality trait that emerges in early adolescence and may be linked to alcohol use. However, findings are equivocal as to whether elevated AS during adolescence directly predicts alcohol use. Adolescents do report increases in positive alcohol use expectancies during this developmental period, and these expectancies have been found to be significantly associated with alcohol use...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677607/association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-chinese-senior-high-school-students-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#5
Yiling Lei, Chuhao Xi, Pengsheng Li, Min Luo, Wanxin Wang, Siyuan Pan, Xue Gao, Yan Xu, Guoliang Huang, Xueqing Deng, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and childhood maltreatment are currently serious problems among adolescents worldwide, and childhood maltreatment may be associated with the increased rates of NMPOU. This study examined the specific associations between particular types of childhood maltreatment and lifetime NMPOU and assessed whether gender has a moderating effect on these associations. METHODS: A 3-stage, stratified cluster, randomized sampling method was used to collect data from 11,194 high school students in Chongqing...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677591/lifestyle-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study
#6
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Ingrid van der Mei
OBJECTIVE: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data...
March 31, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677380/end-of-life-education-and-discussions-with-assisted-living-certified-nursing-assistants
#7
Wendy L Mohlman, Kara Dassel, Katherine P Supiano, Michael Caserta
In previous work, the current researchers examined attitudes and experiences of certified nursing assistants (CNAs) providing end-of-life (EOL) care in an assisted living facility (ALF). Results showed that 70% of participating CNAs felt unprepared to provide EOL care, largely due to not having received prior EOL care education within their schools or workplaces. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to implement and evaluate EOL and postmortem education to ALF CNAs. A focus group of 14 CNAs within an ALF was provided EOL education pertaining to the physiological and psychological changes observed in patients nearing EOL and postmortem care...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677144/dpcr-a-technology-review
#8
REVIEW
Phenix-Lan Quan, Martin Sauzade, Eric Brouzes
Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction (dPCR) is a novel method for the absolute quantification of target nucleic acids. Quantification by dPCR hinges on the fact that the random distribution of molecules in many partitions follows a Poisson distribution. Each partition acts as an individual PCR microreactor and partitions containing amplified target sequences are detected by fluorescence. The proportion of PCR-positive partitions suffices to determine the concentration of the target sequence without a need for calibration...
April 20, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677141/thematic-analysis-of-medical-notes-offers-preliminary-insight-into-precipitants-for-asian-suicide-attempters-an-exploratory-study
#9
Carol C Choo, Roger C Ho, André A D Burton
One important dynamic risk factor for suicide assessment includes suicide precipitant. This exploratory study used a qualitative paradigm to look into the themes surrounding precipitants for suicide attempts in Singapore. Medical records related to suicide attempters who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore over a three year period were subjected to analysis. A total of 666 cases were examined (69.2% females; 63.8% Chinese, 15% Malays, 15.8% Indians), ages ranged from 10 years old to 85 years old (Mean = 29...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677121/prophylactic-neuroprotection-of-total-glucosides-of-paeoniae-radix-alba-against-semen-strychni-induced-neurotoxicity-in-rats-suppressing-oxidative-stress-and-reducing-the-absorption-of-toxic-components
#10
Shujuan Li, Yanjie Chu, Ruowen Zhang, Linjia Sun, Xiaohui Chen
Strychnos alkaloids (SAs) are the main toxic constituents in Semen Strychni, a traditional Chinese medicine, which is known for its fatal neurotoxicity. Hence, the present study was carried out to evaluate the neurotoxicity induced by SAs and the pre-protective effects of the total glucosides of Paeoniae Radix Alba (TGP). An SA brain damage model was firstly established. The neurotoxicity induced by SAs and the pre-protective effects of TGP were confirmed by physical and behavioral testing, biochemical assay, and histological examination...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677113/growing-neural-pc-12-cell-on-crosslinked-silica-aerogels-increases-neurite-extension-in-the-presence-of-an-electric-field
#11
Kyle J Lynch, Omar Skalli, Firouzeh Sabri
Externally applied electrical stimulation (ES) has been shown to enhance the nerve regeneration process and to influence the directionality of neurite outgrowth. In addition, the physical and chemical properties of the substrate used for nerve-cell regeneration is critical in fostering regeneration. Previously, we have shown that polyurea-crosslinked silica aerogels (PCSA) exert a positive influence on the extension of neurites by PC-12 cells, a cell-line model widely used to study neurite extension and electrical excitability...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677059/pediatric-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-death-in-the-off-hours-a-report-from-wake-up-safe-the-pediatric-quality-improvement-initiative
#12
Robert E Christensen, Angela C Lee, Marie S Gowen, Mallikarjuna R Rettiganti, Jayant K Deshpande, Jeffrey P Morray
BACKGROUND: Pediatric perioperative cardiac arrest (CA) is a rare but catastrophic event. This case-control study aims to analyze the causes, incidence, and outcomes of all pediatric CA reported to Wake Up Safe. Factors associated with CA and mortality after arrest are examined and possible strategies for improving outcomes are considered. METHODS: CA in children was identified from the Wake Up Safe Pediatric Anesthesia Quality Improvement Initiative, a multicenter registry of adverse events in pediatric anesthesia...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676995/physical-decline-and-survival-in-the-elderly-are-affected-by-the-genetic-variability-of-amino-acid-transporter-genes
#13
Paolina Crocco, Eneida Hoxha, Serena Dato, Francesco De Rango, Alberto Montesanto, Giuseppina Rose, Giuseppe Passarino
Amino acid (AA) availability is a rate-limiting factor in the regulation of muscle protein metabolism and, consequently, a risk factor for age-related decline in muscle performance. AA transporters are emerging as sensors of AA availability and activators of mTORC1 signalling, acting as transceptors. Here, we evaluated the association of 58 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 10 selected AA transporter genes with parameters of physical performance (Hand Grip, Activity of Daily Living, Walking time). By analysing a sample of 475 subjects aged 50-89 years, we found significant associations with SLC7A5 /LAT1, SLC7A8 /LAT2, SLC36A1 /PAT1, SLC38A2 /SNAT2, SLC3A2 /CD98, SLC38A7 /SNAT7 genes...
April 18, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676663/perceived-environmental-barriers-and-behavioral-factors-as-possible-mediators-between-acculturation-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-mexican-american-adults
#14
Carla L Dellaserra, Noe C Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, Sonia Vega-López
BACKGROUND: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. METHODS: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676626/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-herbicide-exposure-in-vietnam-era-u-s-army-chemical-corps-veterans
#15
Yasmin Cypel, Stella E Hines, Victoria J Davey, Stephanie M Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman
RATIONALE: Past research demonstrates a possible association between herbicide exposure and respiratory health. Biologic plausibility and inhalation as a mode of exposure further support the contention that herbicides may act as adverse contributors to respiratory status, especially in military personnel who were responsible for chemical maintenance and distribution during the Vietnam War. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and herbicide exposure among Vietnam-era U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676525/leonine-facies-presenting-as-scleromyxedema
#16
Annie Y Park, Lori Lowe, Dinesh Khanna
A 61-year-old man previously in good health was referred to Scleroderma Clinic for a 2-year history of slowly progressive cutaneous eruption involving his dorsal hands, extremities, and central face. On physical examination, the patient had nodular, erythematous indurated lesions of his forehead and erythematous papular lesions on his nose with coalescence of firm erythematous papulonodules, resulting in a leonine facies. On the dorsal hands, arms, and legs were numerous, shiny, firm, closely set, 1-2 mm slightly translucent papules with background erythema (face and hand, shown in Panel A)...
April 20, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676493/the-physical-environment-and-patients-activities-and-care-a-comparative-case-study-at-three-newly-built-stroke-units
#17
Anna Anåker, Lena Von Koch, Christina Sjöstrand, Ann Heylighen, Marie Elf
AIM: To explore and compare the impact of the physical environment on patients' activities and care at three newly built stroke units. BACKGROUND: Receiving care in a stroke unit instead of in a general ward reduces the odds of death, dependency and institutionalized care. In stroke units, the design of the physical environment should support evidence-based care. Studies on patients' activities in relation to the design of the physical environment of stroke units are scarce...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676255/-perfecting-smile-esthetics-keep-it-pink
#18
Virginie Monnet-Corti, Angeline Antezack, Marion Pignoly
INTRODUCTION: Smile aesthetics is based on numerical, physical, physiological and psychological data regarding beauty, while taking into account the desires of the patient. It is determined by the shape, colour and position of the lips, teeth and gingival tissues. Periodontal examination in both the facial and labial settings supports analysis of the gingival display during natural and forced smiling, the health of the periodontium, the gingival contours, the aesthetic gingival line, and the presence of the papillae...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676028/treatment-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-with-co-amoxiclav
#19
Mesut Öğrendik
This article presents the efficacy of co-amoxiclav in two patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Both patients were administered oral co-amoxiclav for 7 days. The primary efficacy variable was the ankylosing spondylitis activity index. Secondary outcome measures were the ankylosing spondylitis functional index and spinal mobility. We detected a marked improvement in all symptoms and physical examination parameters. Co-amoxiclav has been shown to be effective against ankylosing spondylitis. This article is protected by copyright...
April 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675770/sports-participation-and-fracture-in-older-australian-men
#20
Kara L Holloway-Kew, David J Moloney, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Elizabeth N Timney, Amelia G Dobbins, Julie A Pasco
Older men who participated in a sporting activity were less likely to sustain any fracture or major osteoporotic fracture over a 6-year follow-up period. PURPOSE: Regular weight-bearing physical activity can reduce fracture risk through an increase in bone strength, as well as reducing falls risk by improving muscle strength and balance. In this study, we aimed to determine whether a specific type of physical activity, sports participation, reduces fracture risk in older Australian men...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
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