keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical examination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228518/childhood-trauma-is-associated-with-poorer-cognitive-performance-in-older-adults
#1
Andrew J Petkus, Eric J Lenze, Meryl A Butters, Elizabeth W Twamley, Julie Loebach Wetherell
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is common and associated with both worse cognitive performance and disruption to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in younger adults. The extent to which these associations persist into older adulthood remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported childhood trauma in relation to cognitive performance, and the extent to which cortisol explained this association, in 2 independent samples of older adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants in the discovery sample (N = 76) consisted of older adults with a DSM-IV diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (N = 57) and age-equated psychiatrically healthy comparison subjects (N = 19) who were referred largely through primary care clinics between 2004-2006...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228284/the-relationship-of-promis-pain-interference-and-physical-function-scales
#2
Richard Kendall, Bill Wagner, Darrel Brodke, Jerry Bounsanga, Maren Voss, Yushan Gu, Ryan Spiker, Brandon Lawrence, Man Hung
Objectives: To examine the relationship between the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pain Interference (PI) and PROMIS Physical Function (PF) scales in patients with spinal pain at a university spine center. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected patient-reported outcome data at a university spine clinic. Pearson correlation was done to examine the relationship of the PROMIS PF and PROMIS PI scores. Age, gender, and race were analyzed by subgroups on the PROMIS Physical Function and Pain Interference score...
December 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228124/association-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-muscle-function-in-older-persons-who-have-fallen
#3
Lisanne Tap, Nicole D A Boyé, Klaas A Hartholt, Tischa J M van der Cammen, Francesco U S Mattace-Raso
Background: studies suggest that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is less reliable in older persons and that a low serum-creatinine might reflect reduced muscle mass rather than high kidney function. This study investigates the possible relationship between eGFR and multiple elements of physical performance in older fallers. Methods: baseline data of the IMPROveFALL-study were examined in participants ≥65 years. Serum-creatinine based eGFR was classified as normal (≥90 ml/min), mildly reduced (60-89 ml/min) or moderately-severely reduced (<60 ml/min)...
December 8, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227753/the-magnitude-of-a-community-s-health-needs-and-nonprofit-hospitals-progress-in-meeting-those-needs-are-we-faced-with-a-paradox
#4
Simone R Singh, Geri R Cramer, Gary J Young
OBJECTIVES: Although most nonprofit hospitals are required to conduct periodic community health needs assessments (CHNAs), such assessments arguably are most critical for communities with substantial health needs. The objective of this study was to describe differences in progress in conducting CHNAs between hospitals located in communities with the greatest compared with the fewest health needs. METHODS: We used data on CHNA activity from the 2013 tax filings of 1331 US hospitals combined with data on community health needs from the County Health Rankings...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227412/validity-and-responsiveness-to-change-of-the-30-second-chair-stand-test-in-older-adults-admitted-to-an-emergency-department
#5
Inge Hansen Bruun, Christian B Mogensen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Thomas Maribo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few physical performance measurement tools are validated for acutely admitted older adults, and for this reason we aimed to examine the validity and responsiveness to change of the 30-second Chair-Stand Test (30s-CST) used to assess physical performance in older adults admitted to a short-stay unit in an emergency department. METHODS: Construct validity of the 30s-CST, using 8 as a cutoff point for dependency in activities of daily living, was examined using 207 patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#6
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227326/sudden-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-atypical-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-chronic-phase
#7
Kagehiro Kouzuki, Katsutsugu Umeda, Satoshi Saida, Itaru Kato, Hidefumi Hiramatsu, Takeshi Funaki, Kenji Kanda, Hideki Muramatsu, Kenichi Yoshida, Seishi Ogawa, Souichi Adachi
A 16-year-old boy was incidentally found to have hyperleukocytosis during a school physical examination. He was diagnosed with atypical chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase. Although treatment with hydoxyurea was started, his white blood cell count increased and he eventually developed lethal intracranial hemorrhage. Although very rare, intracranial hemorrhage should be considered as a possible complication in patients with atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, even in chronic phase, if they have hyperleukocytosis and thrombocytopenia...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227301/palliative-care-in-gynecologic-oncology
#8
Daniel Karlin, Peter Phung, Christopher Pietras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with gynecologic malignancies face many difficult issues in the course of their diseases, ranging from physical symptoms to advance care planning in light of a poor prognosis. This review examines the evidence supporting integration of palliative care early in the course of disease and symptom management, and provides a framework for difficult conversations. RECENT FINDINGS: Palliative care has been demonstrated to improve quality of life and promote survival if integrated early in the course of disease...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227260/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-during-the-second-half-year-after-stroke
#9
M Delva, N Lytvynenko, I Delva
Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common and often debilitating sequel of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with different PSF domains over the second half year after stroke occurrence. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points: at 6 months (156 patients), at 9 months (139 patients) and at 12 months (128 patients) after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Global PSF and certain PSF domains (physical, mental, motivational, activity-related) were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 scale...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227232/alcohol-consumption-and-the-physical-availability-of-take-away-alcohol-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-the-days-and-hours-of-sale-and-outlet-density
#10
Adam Sherk, Tim Stockwell, Tanya Chikritzhs, Sven Andréasson, Colin Angus, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes, Pia Mäkelä, Megan Mills, Thor Norström, Mats Ramstedt, Jonathan Woods
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were completed studying the effect of changes in the physical availability of take-away alcohol on per capita alcohol consumption. Previous reviews examining this topic have not focused on off-premise outlets where take-away alcohol is sold and have not completed meta-analyses. METHOD: Systematic reviews were conducted separately for policies affecting the temporal availability (days and hours of sale) and spatial availability (outlet density) of take-away alcohol...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227036/bottom-up-nanoencapsulation-from-single-cells-to-tunable-and-scalable-cellular-spheroids-for-hair-follicle-regeneration
#11
Jin Wang, Yong Miao, Yong Huang, Bojie Lin, Xiaomin Liu, Shune Xiao, Lijuan Du, Zhiqi Hu, Malcolm Xing
Cell surface engineering technology advances cell therapeutics and tissue engineering by accurate micro/nanoscale control in cell-biomaterial ensembles and cell spheroids formation. By tailoring cell surface, microgels can encapsulate cells for versatile uses. However, microgels are coated in a thick layer to house multiple cells together but not a single cell based. Besides, excessive deposition on cell surface is detrimental to cellular functions. Herein, layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly to encapsulate single cell using nanogel is reported, owing to its security and tunable thickness at nanoscale, and further forms cell spheroids by physical cross-linking on nanogel-coated cells for delivery...
December 11, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226924/analysis-of-the-conformational-properties-of-amine-ligands-at-the-gold-water-interface-with-qm-mm-and-qm-mm-simulations
#12
Dongyue Liang, Jiewei Hong, Dong Fang, Joseph W Bennett, Sara E Mason, Robert J Hamers, Qiang Cui
We describe a strategy of integrating quantum mechanical (QM), hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) and MM simulations to analyze the physical properties of a solid/water interface. This protocol involves using a correlated ab initio (CCSD(T)) method to first calibrate Density Functional Theory (DFT) as the QM approach, which is then used in QM/MM simulations to compute relevant free energy quantities at the solid/water interface using a mean-field approximation of Yang et al. that decouples QM and MM thermal fluctuations; gas-phase QM/MM and periodic DFT calculations are used to determine the proper QM size in the QM/MM simulations...
December 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226879/diastasis-recti-associated-with-midline-hernias-totally-subcutaneous-video-endoscopic-repair
#13
Walter Sebastian Nardi, Guido Luis Busnelli, Ariel Tchercansky, Daniel E Pirchi, Pablo José Medina
A 63-year-old man with a history of a conventional cholecystectomy was referred to our department for an incisional subcostal hernia and chronic back pain. Physical examination also showed an umbilical hernia and diastasis recti measuring 6 cm that was confirmed with a computed tomography scan. Subcutaneous video-endoscopic repair was done repairing all defects simultaneously.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226867/an-objective-method-to-accurately-measure-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-older-adults-who-cannot-satisfy-widely-used-oxygen-consumption-criteria
#14
Ryan J Dougherty, Jacob B Lindheimer, Aaron J Stegner, Stephanie Van Riper, Ozioma C Okonkwo, Dane B Cook
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is routinely investigated in older adults; however, the most appropriate CRF measure to use for this population has received inadequate attention. This study aimed to 1) evaluate the reliability and validity of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) as a sub-maximal measurement of CRF; 2) examine demographic, risk-factor, and exercise testing differences in older adults who satisfied standardized criteria for a peak oxygen consumption (V̇O2peak) test compared to those who did not; and 3) determine the difference between directly measured V̇O2peak values and OUES-predicted V̇O2peak values...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226773/exercise-effects-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-metabolic-health-autistic-traits-and-quality-of-life
#15
Chrystiane V A Toscano, Humberto M Carvalho, José P Ferreira
This study examined the effects of a 48-week exercise-based intervention on the metabolic profile, autism traits, and perceived quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We randomly allocated 64 children with ASD (aged 6-12 years) to experimental ( n = 46) and control groups ( n = 18) and used multilevel regression modeling to examine responses to receiving or not receiving the intervention. The experimental group showed beneficial effects on metabolic indicators (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total cholesterol), autism traits, and parent-perceived quality of life...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226694/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-for-improving-physical-activity-self-management-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review
#16
Patricia Davern Soderlund
Objectives This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient's own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226601/a-theoretical-review-on-interfacial-thermal-transport-at-the-nanoscale
#17
REVIEW
Ping Zhang, Peng Yuan, Xiong Jiang, Siping Zhai, Jianhua Zeng, Yaoqi Xian, Hongbo Qin, Daoguo Yang
With the development of energy science and electronic technology, interfacial thermal transport has become a key issue for nanoelectronics, nanocomposites, energy transmission, and conservation, etc. The application of thermal interfacial materials and other physical methods can reliably improve the contact between joined surfaces and enhance interfacial thermal transport at the macroscale. With the growing importance of thermal management in micro/nanoscale devices, controlling and tuning the interfacial thermal resistance (ITR) at the nanoscale is an urgent task...
December 11, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226163/diagnostic-accuracy-of-3-physical-examination-tests-in-the-assessment-of-hip-microinstability
#18
Daniel J Hoppe, Jeremy N Truntzer, Lauren M Shapiro, Geoffrey D Abrams, Marc R Safran
Background: Hip microinstability is a diagnosis gaining increasing interest. Physical examination tests to identify microinstability have not been objectively investigated using intraoperative confirmation of instability as a reference standard. Purpose: To determine the test characteristics and diagnostic accuracy of 3 physical examination maneuvers in the detection of hip microinstability. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226069/do-older-adults-need-sleep-a-review-of-neuroimaging-sleep-and-aging-studies
#19
Michael K Scullin
Purpose of Review: Sleep habits, sleep physiology, and sleep disorders change with increasing age. However, there is a longstanding debate regarding whether older adults need sleep to maintain health and daily functioning (reduced-sleep-need view). An alternative possibility is that all older adults need sleep, but that many older adults have lost the ability to obtain restorative sleep (reduced-sleep-ability view). Prior research using behavioral and polysomnography outcomes has not definitively disentangled the reduced-sleep-need and reduced-sleep-ability views...
September 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226049/unresectable-undifferentiated-embryonal-sarcoma-of-the-liver-in-an-adult-male-treated-with-chemotherapy-and-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#20
Zarak H Khan, Kamran Ilyas, Hamza H Khan, Haider Ghazanfar, Qulsoom Hussain, Faisal Inayat, Muhammad Yasir, Rizwan Asim
Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) is a malignancy of mesenchymal origin observed predominantly in the pediatric population and very rarely in adults. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male who presented with acute onset of right upper quadrant pain and distention. Physical examination of the patient revealed right upper quadrant tenderness with the lower border of the liver palpable, 4 cm below the right costal margin. Laboratory tests performed on admission showed that the patient's liver function tests, urinalysis, complete blood count, and basic metabolic panel were within reference range...
October 8, 2017: Curēus
keyword
keyword
16977
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"