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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925118/-a-longitudinal-study-on-labour-market-transitions-and-sustainability-of-employment-after-further-training-measures-in-the-context-of-vocational-rehabilitation
#1
Nancy Reims, Silke Tophoven
OBJECTIVE: The study examines employment prospects of persons who participate in further and re-training measures in the context of vocational rehabilitation in the responsibility of the Federal Employment Agency (FEA). METHODS: Using administrative data of the FEA (RehaPro), we focus on persons completing vocational rehabilitation between 2009 and 2012 (N=21,772). We employ event history analysis to present time and extent of employment transition and their sustainability...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924717/case-259
#2
Decai Tian, Xiaodong Zhu, Rong Xue, Peng Zhao, Yuanrong Yao
History In November 2012, a previously healthy 31-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 2-month history of right-sided numbness, diplopia, and intermittent nausea and dizziness. She did not have a history of fever, weight loss, headache, photophobia, seizure, or extremity weakness. Physical examination revealed left abduction limitation and right-sided hypoesthesia. Kernig and Brudzinski signs were absent, and pathergy test results were negative. Laboratory evaluation revealed normal complete and differential blood counts, normal serum chemistry, and normal immune function...
July 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924373/factors-associated-with-hypertension-control-among-older-canadians
#3
Tracey Bushnik, Deirdre A Hennessy, Finlay A McAlister, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: In Canada, hypertension control is significantly less likely in older women taking antihypertensive medication than in older men. This study examines factors that may explain some of the differences in hypertension control between women and men. DATA AND METHODS: The analysis is based on data collected for 2,111 adults aged 60 to 79 who were treated for hypertension in the first four cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey. Hypertension, treatment and control were estimated based on measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure and on the Drug Identification Numbers of antihypertensive medications...
June 20, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923225/bone-turnover-markers-are-not-associated-with-hip-fracture-risk-a-case-control-study-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#4
Carolyn J Crandall, Sowmya Vasan, Andrea LaCroix, Meryl S LeBoff, Jane A Cauley, John A Robbins, Rebecca D Jackson, Douglas C Bauer
Current guidelines recommend that serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and serum procollagen type 1 aminoterminal propeptide (PINP), measured by standardized assays, be used as reference markers in observational and interventional studies. However, there are limited data to determine whether serum CTX and PINP are associated with hip fracture risk among postmenopausal women. We determined the associations of serum CTX and serum PINP with hip fracture risk among postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years at baseline...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922615/physicians-perspectives-on-causes-of-health-care-errors-and-preventive-strategies-a-study-in-a-developing-country
#5
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Monireh Sadeqi-Jabali, Zahra Hashemi-Dehaghi
Background: To prevent health care errors, the main causes and preventive strategies should be identified. The purpose of this study was to identify the causes and preventive strategies of health care errors from the perspectives of physicians. Methods: We surveyed 250 randomly selected physicians in five teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran, in 2015. We used a questionnaire with 29 questions regarding causes and 17 ones regarding the preventive strategies. The participants were asked to answer the questions based on Likert's five-point score (1=very low to 5= very high)...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922378/interactions-between-col5a1-gene-and-risk-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#6
Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Masouda Rahim, Daria Domańska-Senderowska, Krzysztof Ficek, Monika Michałowska-Sawczyn, Waldemar Moska, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Michał Brzeziański, Ewa Brzeziańska-Lasota, Paweł Cięszczyk, Alison V September
Collagen alpha-1(V) chain, encoded by the COL5A1 gene, plays a crucial role in abundant fibrillar collagens supporting many tissues in the body containing type I collagen and appears to regulate the association between heterotypic fibers composed of both type I and type V collagen occurring among others in muscles, tendons and ligaments. Taking this fact into consideration we decided to examine the association between COL5A1 rs12722 and rs13946 polymorphisms, individually and as inferred haplotypes, with anterior cruciate ligament rupture risk (ACLR) in professional soccer players...
June 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922190/decision-making-under-risk-but-not-under-ambiguity-predicts-pathological-gambling-in-discrete-types-of-abstinent-substance-users
#7
Michael J Wilson, Jasmin Vassileva
This study explored how different forms of reward-based decision-making are associated with pathological gambling (PG) among abstinent individuals with prior dependence on different classes of drugs. Participants had lifetime histories of either "pure" heroin dependence ( n = 64), "pure" amphetamine dependence ( n = 51), or polysubstance dependence ( n = 89), or had no history of substance dependence ( n = 133). Decision-making was assessed via two neurocognitive tasks: (1) the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), a measure of decision-making under ambiguity (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920515/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-regarding-medication-use-in-pregnant-women-in-southern-italy
#8
Monica Navaro, Luigi Vezzosi, Gabriella Santagati, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within the previous year, with a better self-perceived health status, who knew how to use medications during pregnancy, and who needed information on medications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916731/evaluation-of-an-environmental-monitoring-program-for-the-microbial-safety-of-air-and-surfaces-in-a-dairy-plant-environment
#9
Krzysztof A Zacharski, Mark Southern, Alan Ryan, Catherine C Adley
Microbiological hazards can occur when foodstuffs come into contact with contaminated surfaces or infectious agents dispersed by air currents in the manufacturing environment. An environmental monitoring program (EMP) is a critical aspect of sustainable and safe food manufacturing used to evaluate the effectiveness of the microbial controls in place. An effective EMP should be based on risk analysis, taking into account previous sampling history to determine the selection of the sampling points, the scope of the test, and the frequency of analysis...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915629/possible-risk-factors-for-candida-esophagitis-in-immunocompetent-individuals
#10
Yousef Nassar, Tony Eljabbour, Hwajeong Lee, Asra Batool
Background: Candida esophagitis (CE) is a condition typically diagnosed in patients who are immunocompromised. Risk factors leading to the development of CE in immunocompetent patients have not been entirely elucidated. This study set out to identify risk factors associated with the development of CE in immunocompetent patients. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective chart review. Patients diagnosed with CE confirmed by endoscopic biopsy or brushings at our hospital between 2007 and 2017 were reviewed...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914834/statins-reduce-mortality-and-failure-to-rescue-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#11
Muhammad Rizwan, Muhammad Faateh, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Besma Nejim, Widian Alshwaily, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: The benefit of statins has been well established in reducing morbidities and mortality after carotid endarterectomy. However, the potential advantage of statin use in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS) remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of statins on postoperative outcomes after CAS. METHODS: The Premier Healthcare Database was retrospectively analyzed to identify all patients who underwent CAS from 2009 to 2015...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914560/predictive-factors-of-intracranial-bleeding-in-head-trauma-patients-receiving-antiplatelet-therapy-admitted-to-an-emergency-department
#12
Farès Moustafa, Jean Roubin, Bruno Pereira, Alain Barres, Jennifer Saint-Denis, Christophe Perrier, Marine Mondet, Frederic Dutheil, Jeannot Schmidt
BACKGROUND: In head trauma cases involving antiplatelet agent treatment, the French Society of Emergency Medicine recommends performing computed tomography (CT) scans to detect brain lesions, 90% of which are normal. The value of CT is still debatable given the scarce number of studies and controversial results. METHODS: We used the RATED registry (Registry of patient with Antithrombotic agents admitted to an Emergency Department, NCT02706080) to assess factors of cerebral bleeding related to antiplatelet agents following head trauma...
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914406/management-of-patients-with-persistent-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-descriptive-study
#13
Kate Sitnikova, Rinske Pret-Oskam, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Stephanie S Leone, Harm W J van Marwijk, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Johannes C van der Wouden
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Dutch guideline for management of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) was published. The aim of this study is to assess medical care for patients with persistent MUS as recorded in their electronic medical records, to investigate if this is in line with the national guideline for persistent MUS and whether there are changes in care over time. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of adult primary care patients with MUS. Routinely recorded health care data were extracted from electronic medical records of patients participating in an ongoing randomised controlled trial in 30 general practices in the Netherlands...
June 18, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913431/five-decade-delayed-closed-flexor-tendon-rupture-due-to-galeazzi-dislocation-fracture-associated-with-beh%C3%A3-et-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Masato Ohara, Ryo Oda, Shogo Toyama, Yusei Katsuyama, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
INTRODUCTION: Closed flexor tendon rupture after a malunited distal radius fracture is rare and usually becomes apparent early after the fracture. Most cases are accompanied by a severe distal radio-ulnar joint capsule injury, wherein bone protrusion (as a spur) directly stresses the tendons. We experienced a nonspecific flexor tendon rupture associated with an old fracture and the presence of collagen disease. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63-year-old woman presented with delayed complete rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) of the fifth digit...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912814/factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-brazil
#15
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Arthur Pate de Souza Ferreira, Orlando da Costa Ferreira-Júnior, Inês Dourado
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are one of the most-at-risk population groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This paper aims at identifying the main predictors of HIV infection among FSW recruited in the 2nd Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey in 12 Brazilian cities in 2016. METHOD: Data were collected on 4245 FSW recruited by respondent driven sampling (RDS). Weights were inversely proportional to participants' network sizes. To establish the correlates of HIV infection, we used logistic regression models taking into account the dependence of observations resultant from the recruitment chains...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912258/-the-way-of-the-rubber
#16
Walter Ledermann
Investigations first by Markham, and then by Spruce, performed in the middle of multiple risks, in the deep of dense jungle, through the wild rivers and facing up natives many times hostile, brought the knowledge of the life cycle of Hevea brasiliensis, the rubber's tree, necessary for take its seeds to Asia, its adaptation to this continent and its culture at industrial level. Undoubtedly these men were the heroes of this history, but they were wise, modest and quite people, so the glory was for an entrepreneur decided and of scare scruples, like Wickham...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909871/expert-elicitation-of-multinomial-probabilities-for-decision-analytic-modeling-an-application-to-rates-of-disease-progression-in-undiagnosed-and-untreated-melanoma
#17
Edward C F Wilson, Juliet A Usher-Smith, Jon Emery, Pippa G Corrie, Fiona M Walter
BACKGROUND: Expert elicitation is required to inform decision making when relevant "better quality" data either do not exist or cannot be collected. An example of this is to inform decisions as to whether to screen for melanoma. A key input is the counterfactual, in this case the natural history of melanoma in patients who are undiagnosed and hence untreated. OBJECTIVES: To elicit expert opinion on the probability of disease progression in patients with melanoma that is undetected and hence untreated...
June 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909585/abnormal-brain-activation-during-emotion-processing-of-euthymic-bipolar-patients-taking-different-mood-stabilizers
#18
Linling Li, Erni Ji, Fei Tang, Yunhai Qiu, Xue Han, Shengli Zhang, Zhiguo Zhang, Haichen Yang
Numerous functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have been conducted to elucidate emotion processing of patients with bipolar disorder (BD), but due to different inclusion criteria used, especially for the history of medication use, the results for euthymic BD patients are inconsistent. For this reason, brain functional effects of psychopharmacological treatments on BD patients have been investigated by numerous fMRI studies, but there is no existing report for brain functional effects of different mood stabilizers...
June 16, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909109/effects-of-statins-on-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaques-the-paradigm-progression-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-determined-by-computed-tomographic-angiography-imaging-study
#19
Sang-Eun Lee, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Ji Min Sung, Hyung-Bok Park, Ran Heo, Asim Rizvi, Fay Y Lin, Amit Kumar, Martin Hadamitzky, Yong Jin Kim, Edoardo Conte, Daniele Andreini, Gianluca Pontone, Matthew J Budoff, Ilan Gottlieb, Byoung Kwon Lee, Eun Ju Chun, Filippo Cademartiri, Erica Maffei, Hugo Marques, Jonathon A Leipsic, Sanghoon Shin, Jung Hyun Choi, Kavitha Chinnaiyan, Gilbert Raff, Renu Virmani, Habib Samady, Peter H Stone, Daniel S Berman, Jagat Narula, Leslee J Shaw, Jeroen J Bax, James K Min
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the impact of statins on individual coronary atherosclerotic plaques. BACKGROUND: Although statins reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, their long-term effects on coronary atherosclerosis remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multinational study consisting of a registry of consecutive patients without history of coronary artery disease who underwent serial coronary computed tomography angiography at an interscan interval of ≥2 years...
June 8, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908517/high-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-hs-tnt-levels-in-sudden-deaths-related-to-atherosclerotic-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Tim Beausire, Mohamed Faouzi, Cristian Palmiere, Tony Fracasso, Katarzyna Michaud
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) related to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most prevalent causes of death in Europe. Postmortem evaluation of IHD remains a challenge because of possible non-specific autopsy finding in some autopsy cases, especially in early myocardial ischemia. High-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT) is used today in clinical practice as the "gold standard" to diagnose the myocardial ischemia, and might also be applied as an ancillary tool for post-mortem evaluation...
June 4, 2018: Forensic Science International
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