keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Salmonella bacteremia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081708/the-global-burden-and-epidemiology-of-invasive-non-typhoidal-salmonella-infections
#1
Ruchita Balasubramanian, Justin Im, Jung-Seok Lee, Hyon Jin Jeon, Ondari D Mogeni, Jerome H Kim, Raphaël Rakotozandrindrainy, Stephen Baker, Florian Marks
Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) disease has emerged as a major public health concern. Yet, understanding of the global burden is incomplete, limited particularly by the breadth of blood culture-based surveillance systems that are able to accurately diagnose the etiology of bacteremia. The accessibility of whole genome sequencing has allowed for genetic characterization of pathogens, shedding light on its evolutionary history and sounding alerts for its future progression. iNTS disease is observed to be a particular threat in sub-Saharan Africa, with a case fatality rate greatly exceeding that of typhoid fever, and commonly affecting infants, young children and immunocompromised adults...
August 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028255/development-of-lupus-nephritis-in-a-patient-with-previous-scleroderma-renal-crisis
#2
E McConville, D Smith, E Bélanger, C Ivory
We present a case of scleroderma overlap syndrome with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) including complications of both scleroderma renal crisis and lupus nephritis. Our patient was initially diagnosed with undifferentiated connective tissue disease in 1996. A diagnosis of scleroderma was made in 2010 after she developed scleroderma renal crisis. She remained stable until 2016, when she presented with Salmonella bacteremia, renal failure, nephrotic range proteinuria and microscopic hematuria. Laboratory findings were consistent lupus with positive ds-DNA, hypocomplementemia and repeat renal biopsy showed lupus nephritis...
September 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014811/-salmonella-enterica-serovars-panama-and-arechavaleta-risk-factors-for-invasive-non-typhoidal-salmonella-disease-in-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#3
Stephanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Blandine Muanza, Sylvaine Bastian, Edith Malpote, Pauline Jestin, Meggie Guerrin, Antoine Talarmin, François-Xavier Weill, Arnaud Legrand, Sebastien Breurec
A retrospective study was conducted to identify the risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica bacteremia in infants and children in Guadeloupe, French West Indies. The 171 patients with S. enterica infection seen between 2010 and 2014 included 155 (90.6%) with acute gastroenteritis, of whom 42 (27.1%) had concomitant bacteremia and 16 (9.4%) with primary bacteremia. Most cases (97.7%) were in infants and children with no underlying health condition. Two subspecies were recovered: enterica ( N = 161, 94...
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009074/nontyphi-salmonella-empyema-with-bronchopleural-fistula-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#4
Douglas Bretzing, Tasnim Lat, Andrew Shakespeare, Mary Lee, Salim Surani, Shekhar Ghamande
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of inoculation with nontyphoid Salmonella compared to the general population. While nontyphoid Salmonella commonly manifests as gastroenteritis, Salmonella bacteremia can be seen in patients with HIV. We present a case of disseminated Salmonellosis in a patient with HIV complicated by bronchopleural fistula and secondary empyema. Case Presentation. A 40-year-old African American male with HIV noncompliant with HAART therapy presented with complaints of generalized weakness, weight loss, cough, night sweats, and nonbloody, watery diarrhea of four weeks' duration...
2018: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992065/pancreas-as-an-occult-source-of-recurrent-salmonella-enteritidis-bacteremia-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#5
Don Bambino Geno Tai, Laxmi Upadhyay, Ruchika Jain, Robert Goldstein
Salmonella infection usually presents as gastroenteritis and enteric fever. Some cases of bacteremia can lead to invasion of different organ systems and become occult sources for recurrence. Almost all organs of the body can be affected and have been reported in the literature. We report a rare case of repeated Salmonella enteritidis infection in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. She was treated with intravenous and oral antibiotics but still had recurrence of fevers and bacteremia. After a thorough workup, pancreatic abscesses were identified and drained with abscess culture revealing Salmonella enteritidis ...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924479/salmonella-stanley-bacteremia-transmitted-from-a-pet-hedgehog
#6
Ryoji Ichimi, Ayako Yoshino, Masamune Higashigawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862156/breast-abscess-due-to-salmonella-paratyphi-a-case-reports-with-review-of-literature
#7
Sonu Agrawal, Vishwanath Singh Yadav, Anurag Srivastava, Arti Kapil, Benu Dhawan
Salmonella paratyphi A causes paratyphoid fever which is characterized by acute onset of fever, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. Localized disease can occur following both overt and silent bacteremia followed by seeding of bacteria at distant sites. Salmonella species though associated with abscess formation in various organs,are rarely associated with breast abscess. We report 2 cases of breast abscess due to Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi A. Appropriate sampling, surgery supplemented by a comprehensive microbiological work up aided in pathogen identification and appropriate antibiotic administration for a successful outcome of these patients...
May 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808097/infectious-aortitis-a-life-threatening-endovascular-complication-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-bacteremia
#8
Seifeldin Hakim, Francisco Davila, Mitual Amin, Ismail Hader, Mitchell S Cappell
A 65-year-old Japanese man living in the United States presented with pyrexia and chills associated with intermittent lower abdominal and back pain for 5 days. He denied recent travel, rash, diarrhea, or rectal bleeding. Physical examination revealed spiking pyrexia, and routine laboratory tests revealed mild leukocytosis and neutrophilia. Abdominal CT with contrast showed findings highly compatible with aortitis. Comprehensive autoimmune evaluation was negative. Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis was isolated from blood cultures...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768564/meningitis-caused-by-salmonella-enterica-serotype-panama-in-brazil-first-case-reported
#9
Maria Regina Pires Carneiro, Maria Iracema de Aguiar Patrício, Sona Jain, Dalia Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Sergio Eduardo Longo Fracalanzza
Salmonella infections usually occur as gastroenteritis that is generally self-limited. However, some serotypes of Salmonella can cause severe extra-intestinal infections, such as bacteremia and meningitis. Here, we report the first Salmonella Panama case of meningitis in 4-month-old male newborn in Brazil. The invasive strain isolated was susceptible to all antimicrobial agents tested. The genes agfA, fimA, invA, sfbA, phoP, and slyA were detected using polymerase chain reactions. These findings are relevant and physicians should be alert to the possibility of meningitis in newborns due to S...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735519/salmonella-tol-pal-reduces-outer-membrane-glycerophospholipid-levels-for-envelope-homeostasis-and-survival-during-bacteremia
#10
Revathi Masilamani, Melina B Cian, Zachary D Dalebroux
Salmonellae regulate membrane lipids during infection, but the exact proteins and mechanisms that promote their survival during bacteremia remain largely unknown. Mutations in genes encoding the conserved Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ( S Typhimurium) Tol-Pal apparatus caused the outer membrane (OM) sensor lipoprotein, RcsF, to become activated. The capsule activation phenotype for the mutants suggested that Tol-Pal might influence envelope lipid homeostasis. The mechanism involves reducing OM glycerophospholipid (GPL) levels, since the mutant salmonellae similarly accumulated phosphatidylglycerols (PGl) and phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) within the OM in comparison to the wild type...
July 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680695/microbiological-quality-and-antimicrobial-resistance-characterization-of-salmonella-spp-in-fresh-milk-value-chains-in-ghana
#11
Angela Parry-Hanson Kunadu, Mark Holmes, Eric L Miller, Andrew J Grant
Consumer perception of poor hygiene of fresh milk products is a major barrier to promotion of milk consumption as an intervention to alleviate the burden of malnutrition in Ghana. Fresh milk is retailed raw, boiled, or processed into unfermented cheese and spontaneously fermented products in unlicensed outlets. In this study, we have determined microbiological quality of informally retailed fresh milk products and characterized the genomic diversity and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) in implicated products...
July 20, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613969/recurrent-nontyphoidal-salmonella-bacteremia-in-a-3-year-old-male
#12
Prachi Singh, Brian P Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526450/value-of-blood-culture-time-to-positivity-in-identifying-complicated-nontyphoidal-salmonella-bacteremia
#13
Shang-Yu Chen, Tzu-Hua Weng, Wen-Pin Tseng, Chia-Ming Fu, Hui-Wen Lin, Chun-Hsing Liao, Tai-Fen Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh, Cheng-Chung Fang, Shey-Ying Chen
Few studies analyzed the association between blood culture time to positivity (TTP) and risk of complicated nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) bacteremia. We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients (aged 60.4 ± 17.4 years) with NTS bacteremia during a 30-month period. Complicated NTS bacteremia was defined as the presence of 30-day mortality, complicated infection requiring surgery or abscess drainage, or requirement of intensive care unit admission. Serogroup D (75.7%) was the predominant isolates. Malignancy (44...
July 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501434/utility-of-a-blood-culture-time-to-positivity-incorporated-scoring-model-in-predicting-vascular-infections-in-adults-with-nontyphoid-salmonella-bacteremia
#14
Jr-Jiun Lin, Tzu-Hua Weng, Wen-Pin Tseng, Shang-Yu Chen, Chia-Ming Fu, Hui-Wen Lin, Chun-Hsing Liao, Tai-Fen Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh, Shey-Ying Chen
BACKGROUND: Vascular infections (VI) are potentially catastrophic complications of nontyphoid Salmonella (NTS). We aimed to develop a scoring model incorporating information from blood culture time to positivity (TTP-NTSVI) and compared the prediction capability for VI among adults with NTS bacteremia between TTP-NTSVI and a previously published score (Chen-NTSVI). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 217 adults with NTS bacteremia ≧ 50 years old...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371366/draft-genome-sequences-of-four-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-strains-implicated-in-infections-of-avian-and-human-hosts
#15
Ran An, Pengpeng Lin, Salim Bougouffa, Magbubah Essack, David Boxrud, Vladimir B Bajic, Sinisa Vidovic
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis is a wide-host-range pathogen. Occasionally, it is involved in invasive infections, leading to a high mortality rate. Here, we present the draft genome sequences of four S  Enteritidis strains obtained from human and avian hosts that had been involved in bacteremia, gastroenteritis, and primary infections.
January 25, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349940/etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infections-in-immunocompetent-children-in-korea-2006-2010-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#16
Kyuyol Rhie, Eun Hwa Choi, Eun Young Cho, Jina Lee, Jin Han Kang, Dong Soo Kim, Yae Jean Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Byung Wook Eun, Sung Hee Oh, Sung Ho Cha, Young Jin Hong, Kwang Nam Kim, Nam Hee Kim, Yun Kyung Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Taekjin Lee, Hwang Min Kim, Kun Song Lee, Chun Soo Kim, Su Eun Park, Young Mi Kim, Chi Eun Oh, Sang Hyuk Ma, Dae Sun Jo, Young Youn Choi, Hoan Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: Invasive bacterial infections in apparently immunocompetent children were retrospectively analyzed to figure causative bacterial organisms in Korea. METHODS: A total of 947 cases from 25 university hospitals were identified from 2006 to 2010 as a continuance of a previous 10-year period study from 1996 to 2005. RESULTS: Escherichia coli (41.3%), Streptococcus agalactiae (27.7%), and Staphylococcus aureus (27.1%) were the most common pathogens in infants < 3 months of age...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329299/multi-drug-resistant-non-typhoidal-salmonella-associated-with-invasive-disease-in-western-kenya
#17
Adam Akullian, Joel M Montgomery, Grace John-Stewart, Samuel I Miller, Hillary S Hayden, Matthew C Radey, Kyle R Hager, Jennifer R Verani, John Benjamin Ochieng, Jane Juma, Jim Katieno, Barry Fields, Godfrey Bigogo, Allan Audi, Judd Walson
Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a leading cause of bloodstream infections in Africa, but the various contributions of host susceptibility versus unique pathogen virulence factors are unclear. We used data from a population-based surveillance platform (population ~25,000) between 2007-2014 and NTS genome-sequencing to compare host and pathogen-specific factors between individuals presenting with NTS bacteremia and those presenting with NTS diarrhea. Salmonella Typhimurium ST313 and Salmonella Enteritidis ST11 were the most common isolates...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311233/characterization-and-protective-efficacy-of-type-iii-secretion-proteins-as-a-broadly-protective-subunit-vaccine-against-salmonella-enterica-serotypes
#18
Francisco J Martinez-Becerra, Prashant Kumar, Vikalp Vishwakarma, Jae Hyun Kim, Olivia Arizmendi, C Russell Middaugh, William D Picking, Wendy L Picking
Nontyphoidal Salmonella enterica serotypes (NTS) are the leading cause of hospitalization and death due to foodborne illnesses. NTS are the costliest of the foodborne pathogens and cause ∼$4 billion annually in health care costs. In Africa, new invasive NTS are the leading cause of bacteremia, especially in HIV-positive children and adults. Current vaccines against S. enterica are not broadly protective and most are directed at the typhoid-causing serotypes, not the NTS. All S. enterica strains require two type III secretion systems (T3SS) for virulence...
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279480/salmonella-houtenae-induced-empyema-complicated-with-chronic-tuberculous-empyema
#19
Yuichi Mukai, Toshihiko Agatsuma, Gen Ideura
Salmonella spp. are food-borne pathogens that usually cause gastroenteritis, although bacteremia and subsequent focal metastatic infection can also occasionally occur. Of the known Salmonella spp., Salmonella houtenae is a rare subspecies, comprising less than 1% of all Salmonella strains. We herein report the first case of S. houtenae-induced empyema complicated with chronic tuberculous empyema, which was successfully treated by antibacterial agents alone. We wish to highlight the importance of being aware that Salmonella spp...
April 15, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273286/genetic-analysis-of-virulence-and-antimicrobial-resistant-plasmid-pou7519-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-choleraesuis
#20
Chyi-Liang Chen, Lin-Hui Su, Rajendra Prasad Janapatla, Chun-Yen Lin, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis), causing paratyphoid in pigs and bacteremia in humans, commonly carry a virulence plasmid and sometimes a separate antimicrobial-resistant plasmid or merging together. This study aimed to analyze the likely mechanism of how to form a virulence-resistance chimera of plasmid in S. Choleraesuis. METHODS: Whole plasmid sequence of pOU7519 in S. Choleraesuis strain OU7519 was determined using shotgun cloning and sequencing...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
keyword
keyword
169757
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"