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Arch wires

Pawel Rynio, Arkadiusz Kazimierczak, Tomasz Jedrzejczak, Piotr Gutowski
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is an established treatment option, though some anatomical challenges require a through-and-through wire technique, and subsequently transapical access via minithoracotomy can be required. It is clear that an objective tool to facilitate decision-making is needed. A 3D print of a severely angulated aortic arch was used as a template to advance a stent-graft and this was achieved after pulling the top of the wire. This simulation assisted in decision-making relating to transapical access with a wire externalization...
August 13, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Yan Wang, Chang Liu, Fan Jian, Grant T McIntyre, Declan T Millett, Joy Hickman, Wenli Lai
BACKGROUND: Initial arch wires are the first arch wires to be inserted into the fixed appliance at the beginning of orthodontic treatment and are used mainly for the alignment of teeth by correcting crowding and rotations. With a number of different types of orthodontic arch wires available for initial tooth alignment, it is important to understand which wire is most efficient, as well as which wires cause least amount of root resorption and pain during the initial aligning stage of treatment...
July 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Amir Hossein Abdi, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Ehsan Balaghi, Mahtab Nouri
Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the adaptation of a straight wire between brackets positioned at the mid-lingual surface and those placed gingivally by using a three-dimensional simulation software. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed using OrthoAid, an in-house software. The subjects were 36 adolescents with normal Class I occlusion. For each dental cast, two bracket positioning approaches, namely the middle and gingival, were examined...
July 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Chang Liu, Yan Wang, Wei-Lin Pan, Chang-Hao Yu, Jing-Yuan Huang, Cheng-Ge Hua
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to assess the relationship between initial archwire materials and pain at the initial stage of orthodontic treatment. METHODS: On October 1, 2017, seven databases were searched electronically for studies oninitial archwire materials and pain at the initial stage of orthodontic treatment. Quality assessment was performed with bias risk assessment tools suggested by Cochrane's handbook. Data extraction of included studies was also carried out...
June 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Emad A Albdour, Eman Shaheen, Myrthel Vranckx, Francesco Guido Mangano, Constantinus Politis, Reinhilde Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Intraoral scanners are devices for capturing digital impressions in dentistry. Until now, several in vitro studies have assessed the trueness of digital impressions, but in vivo studies are missing. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to introduce a new method to assess trueness of intraoral scanners and digital impressions in an in vivo clinical set-up. METHODS: A digital impression using an intraoral scanner (Trios® 3 Cart wired, 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark) and a conventional alginate impression (Cavex Impressional®, Cavex, Haarlem, the Netherlands) as clinical reference were made for two patients assigned for full mouth extraction...
July 3, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Sumaiya Nezam, Arvind Kumar, Jeevendra Nath Shukla, Shabab Ahmed Khan
A pediatric mandibular fracture can cause a child severe pain and the parent or caregiver extreme worry. While the pattern of fractures in children is similar to adults, however, due to a number of factors, including the anatomical complexity of the developing mandible, management of such fractures differs from that of adults and can greatly challenge the pediatric dentist. Various treatment modalities of managing mandibular fracture are available, such as closed/open cap splint with circummandibular wiring, arch-bar fixation, and cementation of the cap splint...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Parmod Kumar, Govind Menon, Vidya Rattan
Introduction: Various methods have been described for intermaxillary fixation (IMF) for treatment of faciomaxillary injuries. Many studies have been described to evaluate the efficacy of different methods. Hanger plate method has not been commonly used. The aim of the present study was to compare the advantages and disadvantages of this method over Erich arch bar in mandibular fracture. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients of only mandibular fracture presenting to trauma center requiring open reduction and internal fixation under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to Group A and Group B comprising thirty patients in each...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
X Wang, J J Zhang, F S Yuan, Y Wang, C H Li, J E Varrela, J Yue, L H Ge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of eruption guidance appliance in the treatment of anterior cross bite in mixed-dentition children. METHODS: In the study,10 mixed-dentition children with anterior cross bite, totally 12 incisors, were selected. Alginate was used to take upper and lower dentition impression and make a hard plaster model,which served as the eruption guidance appliance for treatment. The pre- and post-operative dental casts were digitized with SmartOptics Activity 880 scanner,and the three-dimensional overlapping models were obtained by reverse engineering software,Geomagic Studio 2012,then the three-dimensional movements of the upper and lower incisors were analyzed using Imageware 13...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Firas Chakroun, Vera Colombo, Dave Lie Sam Foek, Luigi Maria Gallo, Albert Feilzer, Mutlu Özcan
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the anterior tooth movement without and with bonded fixed orthodontic retainers under incremental loading conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six extracted mandibular anterior human teeth were embedded in acrylic resin in True Form I Arch type and 3D reconstruction of Digital Volume Tomography (DVT) images (0.4 mm3 voxels) were obtained. The anatomy of each tooth was segmented and digitally reconstructed using 3D visualization software for medical images (AMIRA, FEI SVG)...
September 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Sanjay Rastogi, Tousif Ahmed, Kolli Giri, Ramakant Dandriyal, Niranjana Prasad Indra B, Ankur Joshi, Shouvik Choudhury, Sunil Mall
The aim of this prospective study was to appraise the role of embrasure wiring in the treatment of mandibular fractures over the arch bar as adjunctive techniques of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF). This study was conducted on 40 patients who were surgically treated for mandibular fractures with accessory use of MMF (embrasure: group A vs. arch bars: group B). All patients were evaluated for demographic data, etiology, and location of fracture. Characteristically, the complications, including wire injury, infection, and malocclusion, were recorded...
June 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Valentina Lanteri, Giampietro Farronato, Claudio Lanteri, Rosanna Caravita, Gianguido Cossellu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the efficacy of Invisalign in a large sample of patients compared to fixed appliances. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The test group consisted of 100 patients treated with Invisalign compared with a control group treated with conventional fixed appliances matched for sex, age, and initial severity of malocclusion based on the amount of anterior dental crowding (Little Index) and the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR Index) scores...
2018: Quintessence International
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Circumpalatal wiring has 2 negative points. The first is premature loosening of the wire and the second is tongue irritation caused by exposed wire in roof of the mouth. In this article, a modified technique (palatal wiring) is introduced in which these 2 problems are targeted. In this technique, a small bur hole is created into the hard palate, without the need for flap reflection and wire is passed through it, grasps in the nose, and returns to the oral cavity via sublabial puncture point then 2 ends are twisted in labial vestibule...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
E Atik, B Akarsu-Guven, I Kocadereli
Objective: The aim was to compare mandibular arch and incisor inclinational changes by comparing active self-ligating brackets used with different forms of archwires with a control group in nonextraction cases. Materials and Methods: The sample of 50 patients with Class I malocclusion was divided into three groups: Group I was treated with active self-ligating brackets (Nexus, Ormco/Orange, CA, USA) used with Damon arch form copper nickel-titanium (Cu-NiTi) and stainless steel (SS) wires; Group II was treated with interactive self-ligating bracket system (Empower, American Orthodontics, Sheboygan, Wis, USA) used with standard Cu-NiTi and SS wires; and Group III was treated with Roth prescribed conventional brackets (Forestadent, Pforzheim, Germany) with standard Cu-NiTi and SS wires which was designed as a control group...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Toru Inami, Goshi Ito, Ken Miyazawa, Masako Tabuchi, Shigemi Goto
This case report demonstrates the treatment of a skeletal Class II high-angle adult patient with bimaxillary protrusion, angle Class I occlusion, and crowded anterior teeth. A ribbon-wise arch wire and a customized lingual appliance with anterior vertical slots were used to achieve proper torque control of the maxillary anterior teeth. An orthodontic anchor screw and a palatal bar were used for vertical control to avoid increasing the Frankfort-mandibular plane angle (FMA) by maxillary molar extrusion. Through the combined use of the ribbon-wise customized lingual appliance, palatal bar, and orthodontic anchor screw, vertical control and an excellent treatment result were achieved without the vertical and horizontal bowing effects peculiar to conventional lingual treatment...
May 2, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Stéphane Renger, Mélanie Gremeret, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
INTRODUCTION: The main causes of failures in canine traction are anchorage defects, incorrect direction of force, uncontrolled forces. An adolescent female (10 years, 9 months) presents with two included canines on the maxillary arch, in a palatal position and her lateral incisors (12 and 22) are microdontic. Two mini-screws are inserted on the palate, in a mesial position to 16 and 26 to secure the traction of 13 and 23; in general, braces are bonded after this first step. After debonding, mini-screws remain to help stabilize the palatal plate during the retention period and to avoid unaesthetic metallic wires and hooks which sometimes cause occlusal interferences...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
Warren Naselsky, Charles F Evans, Brody Wehman, Bradley S Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to present a case of emergent endovascular repair of a ruptured descending aortic aneurysm in an actively arresting patient. PATIENT: The patient was a 75-year-old woman with a known history of a 6.5-cm descending thoracic aortic aneurysm with acute onset of back pain and syncope. A computed tomographic angiogram revealed disruption of the descending thoracic aorta and a mediastinal hematoma. The patient was taken emergently to the operating room...
April 4, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Yashmeet Kaur Sandhu, Sarfaraz Padda, Tejinder Kaur, Amit Dhawan, Sarika Kapila, Jasmine Kaur
Introduction: Maxillomandibular fixation is required in nearly all cases of facial fractures which can be achieved by conventional dental wiring techniques or newer methods using transalveolar screws. Material and Methods: A prospective randomized clinical study divided into two groups with thirty adult patients each with mandibular fractures was undertaken comparing the Maxillomandibular fixation technique using transalveolar screws and Erichs arch bar. Total time taken, rate of glove perforation, intraoperative and postoperative complications were noted in both the groups...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Jens A D Padmos, Piotr S Fudalej, Anne Marie Renkema
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to survey current retention procedures applied by Dutch orthodontists and to examine their acquaintance with "unintentionally active retainers." METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 306 Dutch orthodontists involved in patient treatment. Questions were clustered in 4 parts: (1) general information, (2) retention procedures, (3) characteristics of wire materials for bonded retainers, and (4) acquaintance with "unintentionally active retainers...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Sanjeev Verma, Nameksh Raj Bhupali, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Sombir Singh, Satinder Pal Singh
Space gaining is frequently required in orthodontics. Multiple loops were initially used for space gaining and alignment. The most common used mechanics for space gaining is the use of nickel-titanium open coil springs. The disadvantage of nickel-titanium coil spring is that they cannot be used until the arches are well aligned to receive the stiffer stainless steel wires. Therefore, a new method of gaining space during initial alignment and leveling has been developed and named as sleeve push technique (SPT)...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Hassan Aghajani, Shahrooz Yazdani, Mohammad Ghafaripoor, Zahra Shajari
Thromboembolism occurs commonly in general practice and leads to significant health burden. Apart from cardiac sources, aortic atherosclerotic plaques contribute considerably to thromboembolism. A 63-year-old diabetic hypertensive woman referred to our center due to exertional chest pain unresponsive to optimal medical therapy and underwent coronary angiography. Owing to resistance during guide-wire advancement, an aortography was performed. Aortic arch injection demonstrated a large suspended mass distal to the left subclavian artery with free movement in the descending thoracic aorta...
October 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
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