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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262170/venous-thromboembolism-incidence-in-hematologic-malignancies
#1
REVIEW
Natasha Kekre, Jean M Connors
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer. Although some very well validated scores delineate the risk of VTE by cancer subtype and other risk factors, hematologic malignancies are underrepresented in these models. This subgroup represents a unique entity that undergoes therapy that can be thrombogenic. The overall risk of VTE in patients with leukemia depends on the use of L-asparaginase treatment, older age, comorbidities and central venous catheters...
June 21, 2018: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186028/23rd-congress-of-the-european-hematology-association
#2
Walter Alexander
We review key sessions on multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus-positive post-transplant lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma.
September 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165140/nanomedicines-for-the-treatment-of-hematological-malignancies
#3
REVIEW
Anil K Deshantri, Aida Varela Moreira, Veronika Ecker, Sanjay N Mandhane, Raymond M Schiffelers, Maike Buchner, Marcel H A M Fens
Hematological malignancies (HM) are a collection of malignant transformations originating from cells in the primary or secondary lymphoid organs. Leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma comprise the three major types of HM. Current treatment consists of bone marrow transplantation, radiotherapy, immunotherapy and chemotherapy. Although, many chemotherapeutic drugs are clinically available for the treatment of HM, the use of these agents is limited due to dose-related toxicity and lack of specificity to tumor tissue...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080920/acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-cancer
#4
Mark A Perazella, Mitchell H Rosner
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in cancer patients and occurs in up to 30% of patients during their disease course. Multiple myeloma, leukemia/lymphoma, renal cell carcinoma, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are commonly associated with the development of AKI. Drugs used to treat various malignancies are also a common and notable cause of AKI in this population. Nephrology consultation is important to ensure proper and rapid diagnosis, as well as appropriate therapy and follow-up...
July 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074641/immunophenotypic-profile-and-clinical-outcome-of-monoclonal-b-cell-lymphocytosis-in-kidney-transplantation
#5
Gaetano Alfano, Francesco Fontana, Elisabetta Colaci, Erica Franceschini, Giulia Ligabue, Andrea Messerotti, Francesca Bettelli, Antonella Grottola, William Gennari, Leonardo Potenza, Giovanni Guaraldi, Cristina Mussini, Mario Luppi, Gianni Cappelli
Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by clonal expansion of a B-cell population in peripheral blood of otherwise healthy subjects. MBL is divided into CLL (chronic lymphocytic leukemia)-like, atypical CLL-like and non-CLL MBL. The aim of this study was to evaluate immunophenotypic characteristics and clinical outcomes of MBL in kidney transplant (KT) recipients. We retrospectively evaluated 593 kidney transplant (KT) recipients in follow-up at our center. Among them, 157 patients underwent peripheral blood flow cytometry for different clinical indications...
August 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795433/prevention-and-treatment-of-relapse-after-stem-cell-transplantation-in-lymphoid-malignancies
#6
Anna Sureda, Peter Dreger, Michael R Bishop, Nicolaus Kroger, David L Porter
Relapse is now the major cause of treatment failure after allogeneic HSCT (alloHSCT). Many novel strategies to address this critical issue are now being developed and tested. At the 3rd International Workshop on Biology, Prevention, and Treatment of Relapse held in Hamburg, Germany in November 2016, international experts presented and discussed recent developments in the field. Some approaches may be applicable to a wide range of patients after transplant, whereas some may be very disease-specific. We present a report from the session dedicated to issues related to prevention and treatment of relapse of lymphoid malignancies after alloHSCT...
May 24, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777009/feasibility-of-cxcr4-directed-radioligand-therapy-in-advanced-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#7
Constantin Lapa, Heribert Hänscheid, Malte Kircher, Andreas Schirbel, Gerd Wunderlich, Rudolf Werner, Samuel Samnick, Jörg Kotzerke, Hermann Einsele, Andreas Buck, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit
We have recently reported on our experience with C-X-C-motif chemokine receptor 4- (CXCR4-) directed radioligand therapy (RLT) in multiple myeloma and acute leukemia. Methods: Six patients with heavily pre-treated relapsed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (3 males, 3 females; aged, 54±8 years) underwent CXCR4-directed RLT in combination with conditioning chemotherapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). In 2 patients, radioimmunotherapy (RIT) targeting CD20 or CD66 was added to enhance anti-lymphoma activity...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731869/effects-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-hematologic-malignancies
#8
Qian Li, Yilin Pang, Tingting Liu, Yongyong Tang, Jing Xie, Bin Zhang, Hu Chen
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for years. However, the safety of MSCs applied in various types of hematologic malignancy has not been comprehensively explored. In the present study, the effects of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on six representative hematologic malignancy cell lines were explored, including leukemia, multiple myeloma and lymphoma cells. Direct and indirect co-culture models were established, and cell proliferation was assessed by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester staining...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644723/a-french-observational-study-describing-the-use-of-human-polyvalent-immunoglobulins-in-hematological-malignancy-associated-secondary-immunodeficiency
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Omar Benbrahim, Jean-François Viallard, Sylvain Choquet, Bruno Royer, Frédéric Bauduer, Olivier Decaux, Jean-Charles Crave, Yann Fardini, Pierre Clerson, Vincent Lévy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients suffering from secondary immunodeficiencies (SID) associated with hematological malignancies (HM), who started immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT), physicians' expectations regarding IgRT, and IgRT modalities. METHODS: Non-interventional, prospective French cross-sectional study. RESULTS: The analysis included 231 patients (66 ± 12 years old) suffering from multiple myeloma (MM) (N = 64), chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) (N = 84), aggressive non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma (aNHL) (N = 32), indolent NHL (N = 39), acute leukemia (N = 6), and Hodgkin disease (N = 6)...
July 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605509/the-effects-of-lower-cd34-yields-after-lowe-dose-g-csf-induction-on-long-term-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-outcome-a-single-center-study
#10
Mohammad Vaezi, Mohammad Shakouri, Maryam Souri, Mohammad Amin Setaredan, Seyed Asadollah Mossavi, Saeed Mohammadi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is an effective treatment for hematological malignancies. Mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells performs in different ways among transplantation centers. Since the Effects of lower CD34+ cells dose after low dose G-CSF induction on autologous stem cell transplantation outcomes are not studied much, so this study was performed for this purpose. 735 autologous stem cell transplanted patients with diagnoses of multiple myeloma (n = 330), Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 200), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 129), acute myeloid leukemia (n = 54) and solid tumors (n = 22) were retrospectively evaluated...
April 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556955/adult-stem-cells-and-medicine
#11
Sinem Civriz Bozdağ, Meltem Kurt Yüksel, Taner Demirer
Stem cells can be either totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or unipotent. Totipotent cells have the capability to produce all cell types of the developing organism, including both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. The Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) are the first defined adult stem cells (ASC) that give rise to all blood cells and immune system. Use of HSCs for treatment of hematologic malignancies, which is also called bone marrow (BM) transplantation or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation is the pioneer of cellular therapy and translational research...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427192/community-acquired-respiratory-infections-are-common-in-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-multiple-myeloma
#12
Noa Lavi, Irit Avivi, Zipora Kra-Oz, Ilana Oren, Emilia Hardak
PURPOSE: Available data suggest that respiratory infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized due to acute leukemia and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). However, the precise incidence, risk factors, and severity of respiratory infection, mainly community-acquired, in patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) are not fully determined. The current study aimed to investigate risk factors for respiratory infections and their clinical significance in patients with B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and multiple myeloma (MM) in the first year of diagnosis...
July 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244631/initial-results-of-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-mobilization-collection-cryopreservation-and-engraftment-after-autologous-transplantation-confirm-that-the-capacity-building-approach-offers-good-chances-of-success-in-critical-contexts-a-kurdish-italian-cooperative
#13
Ignazio Majolino, Dereen Mohammed, Dastan Hassan, Francesco Ipsevich, Chra Abdullah, Rebar Mohammed, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Diana Noori, Dlir Ali, Harem Karem, Salah Salih, Michele Vacca, Claudia Del Fante, Angelo Ostuni, Andrea Frigato, Maria Speranza Massei, Annunziata Manna, Stefania Vasta, Marcela Gabriel, Marta Verna, Attilio Rovelli, Valentino Conter, Kosar Ali, Dosti Othman
INTRODUCTION: At Hiwa Cancer Hospital (Sulaymaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan) after the center was started by a cooperative project in June 2016, autologous transplantation was developed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To develop the project, the capacity-building approach was adopted, with on-site training and coaching of personnel, educational meetings, lectures, on-the-job training, and the implementation of quality management planning. RESULTS: Here, we report initial results of peripheral-blood stem-cell mobilization and collection of the first 27 patients (age 12 to 61 years; 19 males and 8 females; multiple myeloma, n = 10; plasma cell leukemia, n = 1; Hodgkin lymphoma, n = 12; non-Hodgkin lymphoma, n = 3; and acute myeloid leukemia, n = 1)...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178667/comprehensive-review-of-post-organ-transplant-hematologic-cancers
#14
REVIEW
Vikas R Dharnidharka
A higher risk for a variety of cancers is among the major complications of posttransplantation immunosuppression. In this part of a continuing series on cancers posttransplantation, this review focuses on the hematologic cancers after solid organ transplantation. Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs), which comprise the great majority of hematologic cancers, represent a spectrum of conditions that include, but are not limited to, the Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus is a key pathogenic driver in many PTLD cases, through known and unknown mechanisms...
March 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724539/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-hematologic-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
Kedar Kirtane, Stephanie J Lee
Racial and ethnic disparities in patients with solid malignancies have been well documented. Less is known about these disparities in patients with hematologic malignancies. With the advent of novel chemotherapeutics and targeted molecular, cellular, and immunologic therapies, it is important to identify differences in care that may lead to disparate outcomes. This review provides a critical appraisal of the empirical research on racial and ethnic disparities in incidence, survival, and outcomes in patients with hematologic malignancies...
October 12, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678969/the-need-for-endodontic-treatment-and-systemic-characteristics-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-patients
#16
Julia Mourão Braga-Diniz, Caroline Christine Santa-Rosa, Renata de Castro Martins, Maria Elisa Souza E Silva, Leda Quercia Vieira, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro Sobrinho
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the epidemiological and clinical profiles of patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and the need for endodontic treatment. The subjects included 188 individuals enrolled in the dental care program for transplanted patients of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais (Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, FO-UFMG) from March 2011 through March 2016. The patients were subjected to an HSCT conditioning dental regimen based on a thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528711/clinical-impact-of-colonization-with-multidrug-resistant-organisms-on-outcome-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#17
Sebastian Scheich, Claudia Reinheimer, Christian Brandt, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Volkhard A J Kempf, Uta Brunnberg, Christian Brandts, Olivier Ballo, Ivana von Metzler, Johanna Kessel, Hubert Serve, Björn Steffen
A significant increase in infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) has been observed in recent years, resulting in an increase of mortality in all fields of health care. Hematological patients are particularly affected by MDRO infections because of disease- and therapy-related immunosuppression. To determine the impact of colonization with MDRO on overall survival, we retrospectively analyzed data from patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at our institution...
September 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262921/cardiomyopathy-in-patients-after-posttransplant-cyclophosphamide-based-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#18
Chien-Jung Lin, Justin M Vader, Michael Slade, John F DiPersio, Peter Westervelt, Rizwan Romee
BACKGROUND: The use of posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) has contributed significantly to the success of haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Furthermore, several studies have shown promising results in the human leukocyte antigen-matched setting. However, the use of high-dose cyclophosphamide has been associated with the development of cardiomyopathy. There is a paucity of data concerning posttransplant cardiac complications in patients undergoing PT-Cy-based HCT...
May 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260453/first-report-on-stem-cell-transplant-from-iraq
#19
Abdul Majeed A Hammadi, Waleed A Azeez, Firas Hashim Jasim, Nadher Alshammary, Adel D Sewan, Khudhair Alrawaq, Ala Makki, Ahmed Mubarak, Amel Ameen, Andolina Marino, Ahmed Khudhair, Nedhal K Alrahhal
The Iraqi Bone Marrow Transplantation Center is located in the medical city complex of Bab Almuadham in Baghdad, Iraq. It was established on March 11, 2002, and performed its first mini-allotransplant for acute myeloid leukemia on January 24, 2003. Among 16 patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplant between January 2003 and January 2010, one patient underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplant for acute myeloid leukemia and 15 patients received autologous bone marrow transplant for the following indications: 5 had multiple myeloma, 9 had lymphoma (8 with Hodgkin disease and 1 with non- Hodgkin lymphoma), and 1 had rhabdomyosarcoma...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219836/donor-lymphocyte-infusion-for-relapsed-hematological-malignancies-after-unrelated-allogeneic-bone-marrow-transplantation-facilitated-by-the-japan-marrow-donor-program
#20
Toshihiro Miyamoto, Takahiro Fukuda, Marie Nakashima, Tomoko Henzan, Shinsuke Kusakabe, Naoki Kobayashi, Junichi Sugita, Takeshi Mori, Mineo Kurokawa, Shin-Ichiro Mori
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), we retrospectively analyzed 414 recipients who received unrelated DLI (UDLI) for the treatment of relapsed hematological malignancy after unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). UDLI was administered for acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 184), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 69), acute lymphocytic leukemia (n = 57), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML, n = 36), lymphoid neoplasms (n = 38), adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (n = 18), and multiple myeloma (n = 12)...
June 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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