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Medical School Dismissal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600570/medical-communication-the-views-of-simulated-patients
#1
William Laughey, Nora Sangvik Grandal, Gabrielle M Finn
CONTEXT: Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the principles of patient-centred consulting. Despite this, there is relatively little research around their views on what makes for good communication practice. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a qualitative analysis of SPs' opinions, especially in the context of medical student communication...
June 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282058/risk-factors-associated-with-academic-difficulty-in-an-australian-regionally-located-medical-school
#2
Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Teresa O'Connor, Robin A Ray, Yolanda van der Kruk, Michelle Bellingan, Peta-Ann Teague
BACKGROUND: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal. METHODS: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488300/justice-and-care-decision-making-by-medical-school-student-promotions-committees
#3
Emily P Green, Philip A Gruppuso
CONTEXT: The function of medical school entities that determine student advancement or dismissal has gone largely unexplored. The decision making of 'academic progress' or student promotions committees is examined using a theoretical framework contrasting ethics of justice and care, with roots in the moral development work of theorists Kohlberg and Gilligan. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain promotions committee members' conceptualisation of the role of their committee, ethical orientations used in member decision making, and student characteristics most influential in that decision making...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412832/gondeshapur-revisited-what-historical-evidence
#4
Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#5
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183415/tenure-and-the-faculty-physician
#6
Stephen A Geraci, S Calvin Thigpen
Academic tenure, introduced by the American Association of University Professors in 1915, is a status that protects employed faculty members from summary dismissal and, thereby, intends to preserve their academic freedom. Initially tied to financial security through salary guarantees, academic tenure has evolved into a concept associated less with monetary support and strict scholarly productivity than at its inception, primarily owing to the growing number of clinician educators with highly competitive salaries at university-affiliated academic health centers...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624719/an-excel-spreadsheet-model-for-states-and-districts-to-assess-the-cost-benefit-of-school-nursing-services
#7
Li Yan Wang, Mary Jane O'Brien, Erin D Maughan
This paper describes a user-friendly, Excel spreadsheet model and two data collection instruments constructed by the authors to help states and districts perform cost-benefit analyses of school nursing services delivered by full-time school nurses. Prior to applying the model, states or districts need to collect data using two forms: "Daily Nurse Data Collection Form" and the "Teacher Survey." The former is used to record daily nursing activities, including number of student health encounters, number of medications administered, number of student early dismissals, and number of medical procedures performed...
November 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333059/what-do-we-owe-medical-students-and-medical-colleagues-who-are-impaired
#8
Edmund G Howe
Physicians who are impaired, engage in unprofessional behavior, or violate laws may be barred from further practice. Likewise, medical students may be dismissed from medical school for many infractions, large and small. The welfare of patients and the general public must be our first priority, but when we assess physicians and students who have erred, we should seek to respond as caringly and fairly as possible. This piece will explore how we may do this at all stages of the proceedings physicians and students may encounter...
2016: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269512/the-feasibility-of-collecting-school-nurse-data
#9
Martha Dewey Bergren
School nurses cite barriers to collecting comprehensive data on the care they provide. This study evaluated the feasibility of collecting school nurse data on selected child health and education outcomes. Outcome variables included school health office visits; health provider, parent, and staff communication; early dismissal; and medications administered. On an average day, the school nurses cared for 43.5 students, administered 14 medications, and averaged of 17 daily communications. Day 1 data collection times averaged 15 min or less...
October 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092575/health-related-anxiety-and-hypochondriacal-concerns-in-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#10
Mohammad Faizan Zahid, Ambreen Haque, Moaz Aslam, Numra Abdul Aleem, Sheraz Hussain, Hamna Fahad, Haider Ali Naqvi, Kulsoom Ghias
UNLABELLED: Phenomenon: Transient health-related anxiety/hypochondriacal concerns in medical students are well documented. The literature suggests that after studying a particular disease, medical students are likely to consider any symptoms earlier regarded as normal to be signs of the disease they are studying. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of these phenomena and their cognitive and distress aspects among medicals students in Karachi, Pakistan. APPROACH: This was an analytical, cross-sectional study...
July 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029134/-the-chief-surgeon-claude-louis-somm%C3%A3-1772-1855-french-military-physician-surgeon-of-antwerp-hospital
#11
Jean-pierre Tricot
Claude Louis Sommé was born in Paris in 1772. After surgical studies between 1790 and 1792, he successfully embraced a military career in the armies of Napoleon at different fronts and in several hospitals. In 1806 he submitted his doctoral thesis at the Special Medical School of Strasburg, Dissertation upon Pain. The same year he presented his dismissal from he imperial armies and became chief-surgeon at the St Elisabeth hospital of Antwerp where he stayed on duty until his death in 1855. Sommé wrote a lot of medical books: surgical, anatomical and physiological...
July 2015: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006372/psychological-aptitude-evaluation-of-the-special-forces-candidate
#12
Luca Genoni, F Jelmini, M Lang, F Muggli
INTRODUCTION: Changes in recruitment procedures reduced early dismissal rates from Swiss military basic recruitment schools; however, such improvements were not reflected in premature discharge rates from the special forces (SF) (Grenadier) recruitment school. METHOD: A six-item questionnaire designed to identify recruits likely to be subject to premature dismissal on psychological or psychiatric grounds was developed and prospectively validated. The questionnaire was based on an analysis of medical and psychiatric/psychological records of 26 recruits dismissed from a SF recruitment school...
February 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866739/prevalence-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-chinese-schoolchildren-a-large-population-based-study
#13
Fan Hengwei, Huang Zifang, Wang Qifei, Tan Weiqing, Deng Nali, Yu Ping, Yang Junlin
STUDY DESIGN: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study of school scoliosis screening program in mainland China. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess current prevalence and distribution of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) in schoolchildren and to compare with the results of previous studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The feasibility and predictive values of scoliosis screening programs for school-age children remains controversial and many of these programs have recently been discontinued in different countries...
February 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26645723/are-parents-and-adolescents-in-agreement-on-reporting-of-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Nirmala Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a prevalent symptom in adolescents and is recurrent in some instances. Recent studies have highlighted the marked impact the condition has on daily life of adolescents. However, it is unclear if parents of adolescents reporting recurrent non-specific low back pain know about their child's status. The purpose of the study was to determine the level of agreement between adolescents and their parents in reporting recurrent non-specific low back pain in Harare, Zimbabwe...
2015: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201552/brain-tumors-in-children-with-refractory-seizures%C3%A2-a-long-term-follow-up-study-after-epilepsy-surgery
#15
Caroline Wessling, Susanne Bartels, Robert Sassen, Jan-Christoph Schoene-Bake, Marec von Lehe
PURPOSE: Epilepsy surgery is an established treatment option for medically refractory epilepsy. Brain tumors, besides dysplasias, vascular malformations, and other lesions, can cause refractory epilepsy. Long-term epilepsy-associated brain tumors, even though mostly benign, are neoplastic lesions and thus have to be considered as both epileptic and oncological lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed epileptological and oncological long-term follow-up (FU) in pediatric patients who underwent brain surgery for refractory epilepsy and whose histology showed a tumor as underlying cause (n = 107, mean FU 119 months)...
September 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25646877/understanding-tenure
#16
REVIEW
Anne Walling
Tenure has been the dominant influence on systems of academic promotion and remains important in medical schools, despite the growing prevalence of non-tenure academic tracks. Although the number of clinician faculty members currently choosing tenure track has dropped dramatically, tenure may be an appropriate career path for individuals, and understanding tenure can help all faculty members navigate promotion systems. National trends show medical schools making modest adjustments to allow greater flexibility in tenure policies especially concerning the probationary period and the availability of tenure for part-time faculty members...
January 2015: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25458177/the-science-prior-to-the-crime-august-hirt-s-career-before-1941
#17
Angelika Uhlmann, Andreas Winkelmann
August Hirt (1898-1945) has achieved macabre renown for atrocities perpetrated during his years as professor of anatomy at the Reichsuniversität Straßburg 1941-1945. Little, however, is known about his preceding scientific career. To fill this gap and to scrutinise whether he really was a mediocre scientist during his early years, as some have purported, we perused relevant historical archives and the available literature. In 1921, after medical school, Hirt started to research and teach at the Institute of Anatomy in Heidelberg, forging a steady career until becoming interim chair in 1935...
March 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25249470/an-emotion-focused-early-intervention-for-children-with-emerging-conduct-problems
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sophie S Havighurst, Melissa Duncombe, Emma Frankling, Kerry Holland, Christiane Kehoe, Robyn Stargatt
This paper evaluates the real-world effectiveness of an emotion-focused, multi-systemic early intervention combining an emotion socialization parenting program with a child and school socio-emotional intervention for children with emerging conduct problems. Schools in lower socioeconomic areas of Victoria, Australia were randomized into intervention or wait-list control. Children in the first 4 years of elementary school were screened for behavior problems and those in the top 8 % of severity were invited to participate in the intervention...
May 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24981657/an-assessment-of-unprofessional-behavior-among-surgical-residents-on-facebook-a-warning-of-the-dangers-of-social-media
#19
Sean J Langenfeld, Gates Cook, Craig Sudbeck, Thomas Luers, Paul J Schenarts
PURPOSE: Dismissal from residency is most commonly because of unprofessional conduct rather than cognitive failure. Disciplinary action by medical boards has also been associated with prior unprofessional behavior during medical school. Facebook is a social media network that has become ubiquitous in recent years and has the potential to offer an unvarnished view into the lives of residents using a public forum that is open to the public and program directors alike. The aim of this study was to evaluate the publically available Facebook profiles of surgical residents to determine the incidence and degree of unprofessional conduct...
November 2014: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24845780/failure-to-fail-the-institutional-perspective
#20
Jeannette Guerrasio, Kristin A Furfari, Laura D Rosenthal, Carmella L Nogar, Kinsey W Wray, Eva M Aagaard
PURPOSE: To determine institutional barriers to placing failing students on probation, dismissing students. METHODS: An online survey study was distributed to Student Affairs Deans or the equivalent at allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO) medical schools, and physician assistant (PA) and nurse practitioner (NP) schools across the United States. Nineteen (40%) of the 48 schools responded: six MD, four DO, five PA and four NP. The survey contained demographic questions and questions regarding probation and dismissal...
September 2014: Medical Teacher
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