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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517435/adverse-reactions-on-day-zero-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-integrative-review
#1
Talita Wérica Borges Figueiredo, Nen Nalú Alves das Mercês, Mariana Bertotti Mendes Nunes, Marilene Loewen Wall
OBJECTIVE: To identify the adverse reactions associated with the infusion of hematopoietic stem cells on day zero of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODOLOGY: Integrative literature review, without temporal cut, with search in the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS, BVS, SciELO, Web of Science and CAPES; the final sample consisted of 18 scientific articles, published between 1998 and 2017, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: Mild and moderate adverse reactions were the most frequent in studies that used the classification by severity, and nausea and emesis had the highest incidence; the most affected organ systems were the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal...
November 29, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517427/influence-of-ceramic-material-thickness-of-restoration-and-cement-layer-on-stress-distribution-of-occlusal-veneers
#2
João Paulo Mendes Tribst, Amanda Maria de Oliveira Dal Piva, Marcela Moreira Penteado, Alexandre Luiz Souto Borges, Marco Antonio Bottino
The aim of this study was to evaluate stress distribution in an occlusal veneer according to the restorative material, restoration thickness, and cement layer thickness. A tridimensional model of a human maxillary first molar with an occlusal veneer preparation was constructed using a modeling software of finite element analysis. The model was replicated 9 times to evaluate the factors: restoration thickness (0.6, 1.2, and 1.8 mm) and cement layer thickness (100, 200, and 300 μm). Then, each model received different restorative materials (High Translucency Zirconia - [YZHT], Lithium Disilicate - [LD], Zirconia Reinforced Lithium Silicate - [ZLS], Feldspathic - [F], and Hybrid Ceramic - [HC]), totaling forty-five groups...
November 29, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517338/does-methylene-blue-attenuate-inflammation-in-nonischemic-lungs-after-lung-transplantation
#3
Marcus da Matta Abreu, Francine Maria de Almeida, Kelli Borges Dos Santos, Emílio Augusto Campos Pereira de Assis, Rafael Kenji Fonseca Hamada, Fabio Biscegli Jatene, Paulo Manuel Pêgo-Fernandes, Rogerio Pazetti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether methylene blue (MB) could minimize the effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury in the nonischemic lung on a lung transplantation rodent model. METHODS: Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 20 donors and 20 recipients. The 20 recipient rats were divided into two groups (n = 10) according to the treatment (0.9% saline vs. 1% MB solutions). All animals underwent unilateral lung transplantation. Recipients received 2 mL of saline or MB intraperitoneally prior to transplantation...
September 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517324/hepatic-retractor-in-an-ex-vivo-model1
#4
Delano Gurgel Silveira, Márcio Alencar Barreira, Luiz Gonzaga de Moura Junior, Charles Jean Gomes de Mesquita, Hermano Alexandre Lima Rocha, Gleydson Cesar de Oliveira Borges
PURPOSE: To discuss the use of models of hepatic retraction by laparoscopy, to present a new Hepatic Retractor (HR) and to evaluate its practicality, efficacy and safety in Esophageal Hiatus Exposure (EHE). METHODS: Experimental cross - sectional study with a quantitative character. It was carried out in the Laboratory of Health Training of Christus University Center. The sample consisted of 12 livers of adult pigs weighing between 30 and 45 kg. A circular-shaped HR, 5 cm diameter and deformable materials was developed with a polypropylene cloth, metallic guide wire, epidural needle plastic guide and nylon string...
November 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517282/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-a-medium-sized-brazilian-city
#5
Adriana Paula da Silva, Taciana Carla Maia Feilbelmann, Daniela Cristina Silva, Heloisa Marcelina Cunha Palhares, Lúcia Marina Scatena, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues de Resende, Maria de Fátima Borges
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children and adolescents in a medium-sized Brazilian city. METHODS: In total, 1,125 children and adolescents between the ages of 5.6 and 18 years from public and private schools participated in the study. The sample included 681 girls and 444 boys. Each subject's weight and height were obtained according to Brazilian guidelines (SISVAN). The triceps (TSF), subscapular (SSF), biceps, suprailiac, femoral and calf skinfolds were measured in triplicate...
November 29, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517281/relationship-between-food-perceptions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-prospective-study-with-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy
#6
Eduarda da Costa Marinho, Isis Danyelle Dias Custódio, Isabela Borges Ferreira, Cibele Aparecida Crispim, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the perceptions related to dietary intake with the domains and subscales of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women with breast neoplasms receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 55 women with breast cancer were followed up during chemotherapy at three different times (T0, T1, T2). Before chemotherapy, perceptions related to food consumption were evaluated. HRQL was analyzed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and Br23 instruments 21 days after each investigated cycle...
November 29, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517237/comparison-of-students-motivation-at-different-phases-of-medical-school
#7
Gabriel Mendes Corrêa da Silva, Amanda Ribeiro Borges, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge about student motivation allows educators to broaden their understanding and to establish strategies that make it possible to enhance motivation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the levels of student motivation at different phases of medical education, comparing incoming students' motivation with that of those at the end of their studies, as well as during the different preclinical, clinical, and clerkship cycles. METHOD: Cross-sectional study including students from a Brazilian public university...
October 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515935/sleep-patterns-and-insomnia-in-young-adults-a-national-survey-of-norwegian-university-students
#8
Børge Sivertsen, Øystein Vedaa, Allison G Harvey, Nick Glozier, Ståle Pallesen, Leif E Aarø, Kari J Lønning, Mari Hysing
The aim of this study was to describe sleep patterns and rate of insomnia according to diagnostic criteria in college and university students, as well as to examine potential changes in sleep problems from 2010 to 2018. Data stemmed from a national student health survey from 2018 for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study), which invited all 162,512 fulltime students in Norway. A total of 50,054 students (69.1% women) aged 18-35 years were included, yielding a response rate of 30.8%. Sleep parameters, reported separately for weekdays and weekends, included calculations of bedtime, rise time, sleep duration, sleep-onset latency, wake after sleep onset, sleep need and sleep deficit...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515618/association-between-parental-anthropometric-measures-and-the-outcomes-of-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycles
#9
Amanda Setti, Gabriela Halpern, Daniela Braga, Rita Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
PURPOSE: To study the association between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and response to controlled ovarian stimulation, semen quality, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes. METHODS: This prospective observational study included data from 402 couples undergoing ICSI between January/2010-September/2016. Participants had their weight, height, waist, and hip measured before ICSI treatment...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515593/ventilatory-responses-in-males-and-females-during-graded-exercise-with-and-without-thoracic-load-carriage
#10
Devin B Phillips, Cameron M Ehnes, Michael K Stickland, Stewart R Petersen
PURPOSE AND METHODS: To compare the effects of thoracic load carriage on the ventilatory and perceptual responses to graded exercise, 14 pairs of height-matched, physically active males and females completed randomly ordered modified Balke treadmill exercise tests with and without a correctly sized and fitted 20.4 kg backpack and work clothing. Subjects walked at 1.56 m.s- 1 while grade was increased by 2% every 2 min until exhaustion. Ventilatory responses were measured with open circuit spirometry and perceptual responses were evaluated using the modified Borg scale...
December 4, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515580/biofilm-formation-by-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-is-not-related-to-in-vivo-pathogenicity
#11
Suelle V Rodrigues, Vanessa Laviniki, Karen A Borges, Thales Q Furian, Hamilton L S Moraes, Vladimir P Nascimento, Carlos T P Salle
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is one of the pathogens that most concerns the poultry industry worldwide due to the economic losses it can cause. APEC persistence and survival, both in the environment and in the host, may be a consequence of biofilm-producing capabilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate APEC strains' biofilm production and its relationship to in vivo pathogenicity. Two hundred thirty-eight APEC isolates from three different origins (broiler bedding material, cellulite lesions, and respiratory diseases) were selected...
December 4, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514357/alcohol-misuse-and-outpatient-follow-up-after-hospital-discharge-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Bryan Borg, Ivor S Douglas, Madelyne Hull, Angela Keniston, Marc Moss, Brendan J Clark
PURPOSE: Patients with alcohol misuse are less likely to receive preventive health services but more likely to utilize emergency health services. However, the association between alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospitalization is unknown and may depend on whether a patient experiences a critical illness. We sought to determine whether alcohol misuse was associated with lower rates of outpatient follow-up after hospital discharge and whether the magnitude of this association differed in patients who experienced a critical illness...
December 4, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513100/chemical-characterization-and-biological-activity-of-six-different-extracts-of-propolis-through-conventional-methods-and-supercritical-extraction
#13
Danielle Devequi-Nunes, Bruna Aparecida Souza Machado, Gabriele de Abreu Barreto, Jéssica Rebouças Silva, Danielle Figuerêdo da Silva, José Luiz Carneiro da Rocha, Hugo Neves Brandão, Valéria M Borges, Marcelo Andres Umsza-Guez
Propolis is a natural product with many demonstrated biological activities and propolis extract has been used in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Different works have showed the variations in the chemical composition, and consequently, on the biological activity of the propolis that are associated with its type and geographic origin. Due to this study evaluated propolis extracts obtained through supercritical extraction and ethanolic extraction (conventional) in three samples of different types of propolis (red, green and brown), collected from different regions in Brazil (state of Bahia)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30512981/minimal-important-and-detectable-differences-of-respiratory-measures-in-outpatients-with-aecopd-%C3%A2
#14
Ana Oliveira, Ana Machado, Alda Marques
Interpreting clinical changes during acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is challenging due to the absence of established minimal detectable (MDD) and important (MID) differences for most respiratory measures. This study established MDD and MID for respiratory measures in outpatients with AECOPD following pharmacological treatment. COPD assessment test (CAT), modified Borg scale (MBS), modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) questionnaire, peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), computerised respiratory sounds and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) were collected within 24-48 hour of an AECOPD and after 45 days of pharmacological treatment...
December 4, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511761/neuromyotonia-in-a-horse
#15
Luiza Stachewski Zakia, Mariana Isa Pocci Palumbo, Raffaella Bertoni Cavalcanti Teixeira, Luiz Antônio Lima Resende, Mauro Pereira Soares, José Paes de Oliveira-Filho, Rogério Martins Amorim, Alexandre Secorun Borges
This article describes the clinical and electromyographic findings of neuromyotonia in a 19-month-old male crossbred Quarter Horse that presented with stiffness and muscle asymmetry in the hind limbs as well as sacrococcygeal, paravertebral, and gluteal myokymia. An electromyographic study showed spontaneous continuous muscle fiber activity with high-frequency discharges, fibrillations, positive sharp waves, fasciculation potentials, and complex repetitive discharges. Histological examination of the gluteal muscle showed a mixed neurogenic and myopathic pattern...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511333/guidelines-for-exercise-during-normal-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-a-review-of-international-recommendations
#16
Dimitra Savvaki, Eleftheria Taousani, Dimitrios G Goulis, Efrosini Tsirou, Evangelia Voziki, Helen Douda, Nikolaos Nikolettos, Savvas P Tokmakidis
OBJECTIVE: Τo summarize and present the main guidelines for exercise during normal pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Relevant guidelines were retrieved through the electronic databases PubMed (MEDLINE), CENTRAL (Cochrane), and Embase; reference sections of the retrieved publications; proceedings of the main congresses in the field; and websites of relevant organizations published during the years 2000-2018. RESULTS: All guidelines recommend aerobic training from 60 to 150 min/week, with an upper limit of 30 min/day...
December 3, 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510801/effects-of-resistance-training-on-immunoinflammatory-response-tnf-alpha-gene-expression-and-body-composition-in-elderly-women
#17
Luís Ângelo Macêdo Santiago, Lídio Gonçalves Lima Neto, Guilherme Borges Pereira, Richard Diego Leite, Cristiano Texeira Mostarda, Janaina de Oliveira Brito Monzani, Wandson Rodrigues Sousa, Aruanã Joaquim Matheus Rodrigues Pinheiro, Francisco Navarro
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of resistance training on the immunologic response, body composition, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression obtained from blood leukocytes, and the cytokines interleukin-6, TNF-alpha, and C-reactive protein (CRP), in the elderly women (mean age 63 ± 2 y). A randomized controlled trial was performed using a bi-set training method for eight weeks in nineteen elderly women. Peripheral blood samples were collected by puncture in pretraining (Pre) and posttraining (Post) moments...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510433/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-what-next
#18
REVIEW
Fernanda T Borges, Marcia Bastos Convento, Nestor Schor
Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) is a potential alternative in regenerative medicine and has great potential in many pathologic conditions including kidney disease. Although most of the studies demonstrate MSC efficiency, the regenerative potential may not be efficient in all diseases and patients. Stem cell feasibility is modified by donor characteristics as gender, age, diet, and health status, producing both positive and negative results. The conditioning of MSC can potentiate its effects and modify its culture medium (CM)...
2018: Stem Cells and Cloning: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509542/design-and-ergonomic-assessment-of-an-infusion-set-connector-tool-used-in-nursing-work
#19
Ehsan Garosi, Adel Mazloumi, Reza Kalantari, Zahra Vahedi, Zahra Shirzhiyan
Nursing is a physically demanding job characterized by a high prevalence of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders. One of the high-exertion and repetitive nursing tasks is the manual connection of an infusion set to a medical fluid bottle. Such physical work can be eased by the design of new hand tools. Correspondingly, this study designed and ergonomically assessed an infusion set connector tool (ISCT) and compared it with that of manual connection. First, a prototype of ISCT was designed to perform infusion set connecting task in the mechanical form...
February 2019: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509138/effects-of-estrogen-like-plant-compounds-on-the-vaginal-epithelium-pituitary-adrenal-glands-and-uterus-of-rats
#20
Gismar Mc Rodrigues, Bruno Db Borges, Leticia Gabriela Q Moreira, Érica Aparecida G Rossete, Suzelei de Castro Franca
The results of this work provide preliminary evidence that ovariectomized rats display the vaginal smear cells typical of the estrous phase of mature rats after long-term ingestion of Colocasia esculenta flavonoid glycosides. Moreover, the treatment caused beneficial effects on endocrine and reproductive organs compared to estradiol. The animals did not exhibit significant body weight alterations among the groups, demonstrating the maintenance of standard metabolism and energy balance. The overall findings obtained with the rat model of menopause highlight the importance of dietary consumption of C...
December 3, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
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