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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935790/spice-and-herb-use-with-vegetables-liking-frequency-and-self-efficacy-among-us-adults
#1
Cassandra J Nikolaus, Brenna Ellison, Pamela A Heinrichs, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVES: To inform future initiatives to encourage vegetable intake, we explored how spice and herb (S/H) use with vegetables was related to consumer characteristics. METHODS: A questionnaire collected information on S/H liking and use frequency, whether S/Hs were used when cooking vegetables, and belief that consumers could use S/Hs when cooking vegetables. The questionnaire was distributed to members of an online panel of US consumers. RESULTS: Younger respondents (18-29 years) and respondents who identified as Asian/ Pacific Islander or other racial group used 19 of the 20 S/Hs more frequently than their older and white/Caucasian, African-American or Hispanic counterparts, respectively...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935732/active-perspective-taking-induces-flexible-use-of-self-knowledge-during-social-inference
#2
Andrew R Todd, Austin J Simpson, Diana I Tamir
Social life hinges on the ability to infer others' mental states. By default, people often recruit self-knowledge during social inference, particularly for others who are similar to oneself. How do people's active perspective-taking efforts-deliberately imagining another's perspective-affect self-knowledge use? In 2 experiments, we test the flexible self-application hypothesis: that the application of self-knowledge to a perspective-taking target differs based on that person's similarity to oneself. We found consistent evidence that, when making inferences about dissimilar others, perspective taking increased the projection of one's own traits and preferences to those targets, relative to a control condition...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935715/self-assembly-dynamics-and-polymorphism-of-hiapp-20-29-aggregates-at-solid-liquid-interfaces
#3
Roozbeh Hajiraissi, Ignacio Giner, Guido Grundmeier, Adrian Keller
Misfolding and subsequent assembly of proteins and peptides into insoluble amyloid structures play important roles in the development of numerous diseases. The dynamics of self-assembly and the morphology of the resulting aggregates critically depend on various environmental factors and especially the presence of interfaces. Here, we show in detail how the presence of surfaces with different physicochemical properties impacts assembly dynamics and especially aggregate morphology of hIAPP(20-29), an amyloidogenic fragment of the peptide hormone human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) which is involved in the development of type 2 diabetes...
December 9, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934766/depleting-dietary-valine-permits-nonmyeloablative-mouse-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#4
Yuki Taya, Yasunori Ota, Adam C Wilkinson, Ayano Kanazawa, Hiroshi Watarai, Masataka Kasai, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Satoshi Yamazaki
A specialized bone marrow microenvironment (niche) regulates hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and commitment. For successful donor-HSC engraftment, the niche must be emptied via myeloablative irradiation or chemotherapy. However, myeloablation can cause severe complications and even mortality. Here we report that the essential amino acid valine is indispensable for the proliferation and maintenance of HSCs. Both mouse and human HSCs failed to proliferate when cultured in valine-depleted conditions...
December 2, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934707/erratum-for-the-report-self-organization-of-river-channels-as-a-critical-filter-on-climate-signals-by-c-b-phillips-and-d-j-jerolmack
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#6
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934153/self-powered-ultrabroadband-photodetector-monolithically-integrated-on-a-pmn-pt-ferroelectric-single-crystal
#7
Huajing Fang, Chao Xu, Jie Ding, Qiang Li, Jia-Lin Sun, Ji-Yan Dai, Tian-Ling Ren, Qingfeng Yan
Photodetectors capable of detecting two or more bands simultaneously with a single system have attracted extensive attentions because of their critical applications in image sensing, communication, and so on. Here, we demonstrate a self-powered ultrabroadband photodetector monolithically integrated on a 0.72Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.28PbTiO3 (PMN-28PT) single crystal. By combining the optothermal and pyroelectric effect, the multifunctional PMN-28PT single crystal can response to a wide wavelength range from UV to terahertz (THz)...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934140/a54-peptide-modified-and-redox-responsive-glucolipid-conjugate-micelles-for-intracellular-delivery-of-doxorubicin-in-hepatocarcinoma-therapy
#8
Na Liu, Yanan Tan, Yingwen Hu, Tingting Meng, Lijuan Wen, Jingwen Liu, Bolin Cheng, Hong Yuan, Xuan Huang, Fuqiang Hu
Redox-responsive nanomaterials applied in drug delivery systems (DDS) have attracted an increasing attention in pharmaceutical research as a carrier for antitumor therapy. However, there would be unwanted drug release from a redox-responsive DDS with no selection at nontarget sites, leading to undesirable toxicities in normal tissues and cells. Here, an A54 peptide modified and PEGylated reduction cleavable glucolipid conjugate (A54-PEG-CSO-ss-SA, abbreviated to APCssA) was designed for intracellular delivery of doxorubicin (DOX)...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933271/functional-significance-of-aurora-kinases-p53-protein-family-interactions-in-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Kaori Sasai, Warapen Treekitkarnmongkol, Kazuharu Kai, Hiroshi Katayama, Subrata Sen
Aurora kinases play critical roles in regulating spindle assembly, chromosome segregation, and cytokinesis to ensure faithful segregation of chromosomes during mitotic cell division cycle. Molecular and cell biological studies have revealed that Aurora kinases, at physiological levels, orchestrate complex sequential cellular processes at distinct subcellular locations through functional interactions with its various substrates. Aberrant expression of Aurora kinases, on the other hand, cause defects in mitotic spindle assembly, checkpoint response activation, and chromosome segregation leading to chromosomal instability...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932968/neurobiology-of-anorexia-nervosa-serotonin-dysfunctions-link-self-starvation-with-body-image-disturbances-through-an-impaired-body-memory
#10
REVIEW
Giuseppe Riva
The etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) is still unclear, despite that it is a critical and potentially mortal illness. A recent neurobiological model considers AN as the outcome of dysfunctions in the neuronal processes related to appetite and emotionality (Kaye et al., 2009, 2013). However, this model still is not able to answer a critical question: What is behind body image disturbances (BIDs) in AN? The article starts its analysis from reviewing some of the studies exploring the effects of the serotonin systems in memory (episodic, working, and spatial) and its dysfunctions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932612/legionella-longbeachae-is-immunologically-silent-and-highly-virulent-in-vivo
#11
Liliana M Massis, Mariana A Assis-Marques, Fernanda V S Castanheira, Yasmin J Capobianco, Andiamira C Balestra, Pedro Escoll, Rebecca E Wood, Graziele Z Manin, Vani M A Correa, José C Alves-Filho, Fernando Q Cunha, Carmen Buchrieser, Marcos C Borges, Hayley J Newton, Dario S Zamboni
BACKGROUND: Legionella longbeachae (Llo) and Legionella pneumophila (Lpn) are the most common pneumonia-causing agents of the genus. Although both species can be lethal to humans and are highly prevalent, little is known about the molecular pathogenesis of Llo infections. In murine models of infection, Lpn infection is self-limited whereas Llo infection is lethal. DESIGN/METHODS: We used mouse macrophages, human macrophages, human epithelial cells and mouse infections in vivo to evaluate multiple parameters of the infection...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932521/adapting-an-hiv-risk-reduction-curriculum-processes-and-outcomes
#12
Melissa K Miller, Joi Wickliffe, Sharon G Humiston, M Denise Dowd, Patricia Kelly, Stephen DeLurgio, Kathy Goggin
Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is a community-based, HIV risk reduction curriculum shown to increase safer sex behaviors among African American adolescents. However, BART does not address common barriers to sexual health care access, which may limit program efficacy. We used a community-engaged adaptation process to maximize program relevance and health outcomes by incorporating a broad ecological perspective. Adolescent and staff advisory boards at a community-based organization recommended modifications (e...
December 7, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931533/care-transition-interventions-for-children-with-asthma-in-the-emergency-department
#13
REVIEW
Molly A Martin, Valerie G Press, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Kim Erwin, Giselle Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, S Margaret Paik, Stacy Ignoffo, Michael McDermott
The emergency department (ED) is a critical point of identification and treatment for some of the most high-risk children with asthma. This review summarizes the evidence regarding care transition interventions originating in the ED for children with uncontrolled asthma, with a focus on care coordination and self-management education. Although many interventions on care transition for pediatric asthma have been tested, only a few were actually conducted in the ED setting. Most of these targeted both care coordination and self-management education but ultimately did not improve attendance at follow-up appointments with primary care providers, improve asthma control, or reduce health care utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931211/gonadectomy-effects-on-the-risk-of-immune-disorders-in-the-dog-a-retrospective-study
#14
Crystal R Sundburg, Janelle M Belanger, Danika L Bannasch, Thomas R Famula, Anita M Oberbauer
BACKGROUND: Gonadectomy is one of the most common procedures performed on dogs in the United States. Neutering has been shown to reduce the risk for some diseases although recent reports suggest increased prevalence for structural disorders and some neoplasias. The relation between neuter status and autoimmune diseases has not been explored. This study evaluated the prevalence and risk of atopic dermatitis (ATOP), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), canine myasthenia gravis (CMG), colitis (COL), hypoadrenocorticism (ADD), hypothyroidism (HYPO), immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA), immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), lupus erythematosus (LUP), and pemphigus complex (PEMC), for intact females, intact males, neutered females, and neutered males...
December 8, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929218/emerging-vector-borne-diseases
#15
Mark K Huntington, Jay Allison, Dilip Nair
Several mosquito-borne viral infections have recently emerged in North America; West Nile virus is the most common in the United States. Although West Nile virus generally causes a self-limited, flulike febrile illness, a serious neuroinvasive form may occur. Dengue is the most common vector-borne viral disease worldwide, and it has been a significant public health threat in the United States since 2009. Known as breakbone fever for its severe myalgias and arthralgias, dengue may cause a hemorrhagic syndrome...
October 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927731/advancing-an-ethic-of-embodied-relational-sexuality-to-guide-decision-making-in-dementia-care
#16
Alisa Grigorovich, Pia Kontos
Sexuality and intimacy are universal needs that transcend age, cognitive decline, and disability; sexuality is a fundamental aspect of the human experience. However, supporting sexuality in long-term residential care presents ethical challenges as this setting is both a home environment for residents and a workplace for health practitioners. This is particularly complex in the case of residents with dementia given the need to balance protection from harm and freedom of self-determination. Despite such complexity, this challenge has received limited critical theoretical attention...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926868/cmyc-regulates-the-size-of-the-premigratory-neural-crest-stem-cell-pool
#17
Laura Kerosuo, Marianne E Bronner
The neural crest is a transient embryonic population that originates within the central nervous system (CNS) and then migrates into the periphery and differentiates into multiple cell types. The mechanisms that govern neural crest stem-like characteristics and self-renewal ability are poorly understood. Here, we show that the proto-oncogene cMyc is a critical factor in the chick dorsal neural tube, where it regulates the size of the premigratory neural crest stem cell pool. Loss of cMyc dramatically decreases the number of emigrating neural crest cells due to reduced self-renewal capacity, increased cell death, and shorter duration of the emigration process...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926514/novel-amphiphilic-folic-acid-cholesterol-chitosan-micelles-for-paclitaxel-delivery
#18
Li-Chun Cheng, Yan Jiang, Yu Xie, Lu-Lu Qiu, Qing Yang, Hui-Yi Lu
In order to decrease the toxicity of paclitaxel (PTX) and increase the efficiency, we developed an amphiphilic PTX injection system using a biodegradable and biocompatible polymer synthesized by folic acid, cholesterol, and chitosan (FACC). This FACC-based polymer had a low critical concentration (64.13μg/ml) and could self-assemble in aqueous condition to form nanoscale micelles. The particle sizes of FACC-PTX micelles were 253.2±0.56 nm, the encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity of these FACC-PTX micelles were 65...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925502/implementation-of-an-algorithm-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-deviations-and-problems
#19
Heinrich M L Mühlhofer, Karl-Georg Kanz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Florian Lenze, Andreas Toepfer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Johannes Schauwecker
BACKGROUND: The outcome of revision surgery in arthroplasty is based on a precise diagnosis. In addition, the treatment varies based on whether the prosthetic failure is caused by aseptic or septic loosening. Algorithms can help to identify periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and standardize diagnostic steps, however, algorithms tend to oversimplify the treatment of complex cases. We conducted a process analysis during the implementation of a PJI algorithm to determine problems and deviations associated with the implementation of this algorithm...
December 7, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925361/implicit-alcohol-attitudes-predict-drinking-behaviour-over-and-above-intentions-and-willingness-in-young-adults-but-willingness-is-more-important-in-adolescents-implications-for-the-prototype-willingness-model
#20
Emma L Davies, Aspasia E Paltoglou, David R Foxcroft
OBJECTIVES: Dual process models, such as the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM), propose to account for both intentional and reactive drinking behaviour. Current methods of measuring constructs in the PWM rely on self-report, thus require a level of conscious deliberation. Implicit measures of attitudes may overcome this limitation and contribute to our understanding of how prototypes and willingness influence alcohol consumption in young people. This study aimed to explore whether implicit alcohol attitudes were related to PWM constructs and whether they would add to the prediction of risky drinking...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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