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Ultrasound-guided spinal anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284029/pain-management-in-abdominal-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Thomas M Hemmerling
BACKGROUND: Abdominal surgery has undergone major changes during the last two decades with a general shift from open, invasive surgery to closed minimally invasive surgery. Accordingly, pain management strategies have also changed, especially with the introduction of ultrasound-guided abdominal wall blocks. Despite laparoscopic abdominal surgery classified as minimal, pain can be quite significant and needs to be addressed appropriately. PURPOSE: This narrative review focuses on adequate pain strategies for various types of surgery...
October 3, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251749/the-effect-of-interfascial-injection-on-obturator-nerve-block-compared-with-nerve-stimulating-approach-by-ultrasound-guide-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Yong Beom Kim, Hee Yeon Park, Kyung Mi Kim, Hyeon Ju Shin, Su Bin Kim, Mi Geum Lee
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate whether the ultrasound-guided interfascial injection technique is really compatible with the ultrasound-guided nerve stimulating technique for obturator nerve block (ONB) at the inguinal crease after bifurcation of the obturator nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 62 ONBs were performed for transurethral resection of bladder tumors under spinal anesthesia, and divided into two groups, that is, to an ultrasound-guided ONB with nerve stimulation control group (the US-NS group) or an ultrasound-guided interfascial injection experimental group (the US-IFI group)...
September 22, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169384/inadvertent-spinal-anesthesia-during-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-nerve-block-in-a-patient-with-nerve-root-sheath-cyst-a-case-report
#3
Yufeng Wang, Xiaoqing Xu, Hongjie Yuan
An ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral nerve block was administered for left-sided abdominal pain. Lidocaine 0.4% (9.5 mL) was injected. Spinal anesthesia developed after the injection that resolved after 3 hours. One week later, a magnetic resonance imaging scan of thoracic spine identified a left T10 nerve root sheath cyst. It was postulated that the local anesthetic was injected into the cyst, which communicated with the subarachnoid space. This case report demonstrates the anatomic variations of nerve root sheath cyst sites and the risk of injection into intranerve root sheath cysts during interventional procedures...
August 29, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167764/ultrasound-guided-cervical-puncture-for-nusinersen-administration-in-adolescents
#4
Carlos B Ortiz, Kamlesh U Kukreja, Timothy E Lotze, Alex Chau
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal-recessive disease affecting motor neurons and is the most common genetic cause of death in infants. Intrathecal nusinersen is the only therapy approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for SMA. Deformities and spinal instrumentation from orthopedic surgeries are common in children with SMA, complicating traditional intrathecal access for nusinersen delivery. Cervical punctures are routinely performed in adults for cervical myelograms and should be considered for children with SMA as a viable form of intrathecal access...
August 30, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104830/comparison-of-dermatomal-sensory-block-following-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-by-the-lateral-and-posterior-approaches-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tomonori Furuya, Jitsu Kato, Yusuke Yamamoto, Noriya Hirose, Takahiro Suzuki
Background and Aims: Ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is used as a part of a multimodal analgesic regimen in the postoperative period. Lateral approach TAP block (LTAP) has been widely used for postoperative analgesia after lower abdominal surgeries. Posterior approach TAP block (PTAP), which is achieved by more posterior blockade of the anterior ramus of the spinal nerve, also provides profound postoperative analgesia after transverse lower abdominal incision...
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100842/continuous-psoas-sciatic-blockade-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Wesameldin A Sultan, Ezzeldin S Ibrahim, Mohamed S El-Tahawy
Background: Psoas sciatic block (Pso/Sci) is a modern anesthetic technique for lower extremities surgery. The use of this technique can avoid the adverse effects of the general anesthesia or the central neuroaxial blockade, especially in patients with multiple comorbidities. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of combined Pso/sci as a sole anesthetic technique with conventional combined spinal epidural (CSE) anesthesia for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980485/erector-spinae-plane-block-for-bilateral-lumbar-transverse-process-fracture-in-emergency-department-a-new-indication
#7
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Abdullah Osman Kocak, Omer Doymus, Emre Sengun, Mine Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici
Plane blocks have become very popular in recent years with the introduction of ultrasonography into the regional anesthesia and algology practice. Ultrasound guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block was first described in 2016. ESP block involves injection of local anesthetics between erector spinae muscles and transverse process of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae and can block the dorsal and ventral rami of thoracolumbar spinal nerves. ESP block has been successfully reported to relieve the pain of multiple rib fracture in the emergency department (ED)...
June 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738061/use-of-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-as-an-anesthesia-technique-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#8
Emine Aysu Şalvız, Emre Sertaç Bingül, Meltem Savran Karadeniz, Ömer Berköz, Erman Ak, Kamil Mehmet Tuğrul
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cutaneous and/or plexiform neurofibromas and hyperpigmented café-au-lait spots. It affects multiple endocrine and visceral organs and can be associated with several difficulties such as potential airway (ventilation/intubation) problems, abnormal spinal anatomy, and peripheral neurofibromas. Therefore, anesthesia technique selection becomes more of an issue in terms of avoiding complications and decreasing morbidity and mortality...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628559/comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-wound-site-infiltration-and-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-with-0-5-ropivacaine-in-lower-abdominal-surgeries-under-spinal-anesthesia
#9
N Pratheeba, R Remadevi, I Joseph Raajesh, V Bhavani, D K Tripathy, R Ravindra Bhat
Context: Optimization and providing excellent quality of postoperative analgesia after total abdominal hysterectomy is a determinant factor of better clinical outcome, increases patient satisfaction, and allows early mobilization of the patient. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of wound site infiltration (WSI) and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) with 0.5% ropivacaine in lower abdominal surgeries under spinal anesthesia...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531569/a-comparison-of-pain-control-and-complications-using-three-different-ways-of-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#10
Hamid Mazdak, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Fatemeh Momeni, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi
Background: We aim to compare the degree of pain control and complications in three types of anesthesia using periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) plus intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), low-dose spinal anesthesia, and intravenous (IV) sedation in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 106 patients were participated from December 2015 to December 2016 at Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389653/accumulated-angle-factor-based-beamforming-to-improve-the-visualization-of-spinal-structures-in-ultrasound-images
#11
Bo Zhuang, Robert Rohling, Purang Abolmaesumi
In recent years, ultrasound has been increasingly used to guide needle insertion procedures for spinal anesthesia. The primary anatomical targets are facet joints and epidural spaces. For these procedures, accurate visualization of the spine anatomy is of critical importance. Challenges arising from the interactions between the ultrasound beam and spinal structures including tilt caused by specular reflections, off-axis interference, and reverberations often result in weakened and blurred vertebra surfaces...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332115/ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-postoperative-analgesia-in-children-with-spinal-dysraphism
#12
Eralp Çevikkalp, Koray Erbüyün, Serpil Erbüyün, Gülay Ok
Pediatric regional anesthesia is widely used to relieve postoperative pain after abdominal surgery. Commonly used techniques of regional anesthesia include lumbar epidural and caudal block. However, the use of central neuraxial blockade has limitations. It is contraindicated in patients with clotting abnormalities, spinal dysraphism with tethered cord syndrome, meningomyelocele, and following spinal surgery with instrumentation. Ultrasound guided transversus abdominis plane block is a new method of regional anesthesia that can be used in settings where central neuraxial blockade is contraindicated...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#13
REVIEW
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
February 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296094/comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-posterior-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-lateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-patients-undergoing-cesarean-section-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-study
#14
Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz, Mahmoud Reza Alebouyeh, Pooya Derakhshan, Farnad Imani, Poupak Rahimzadeh, Maryam Ghaderi Ashtiani
Background: Due to the importance of pain control after abdominal surgery, several methods such as transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block are used to reduce the pain after surgery. TAP blocks can be performed using various ultrasound-guided approaches. Two important approaches to do this are ultrasound-guided lateral and posterior approaches. This study aimed to compare the two approaches of ultrasound-guided lateral and posterior TAP blocks to control pain after cesarean section. Materials and methods: In this double-blind clinical trial study, 76 patients scheduled for elective cesarean section were selected and randomly divided into two groups of 38 and underwent spinal anesthesia...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135590/the-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Anders Krohg, Kyrre Ullensvang, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Eldrid Langesæter, Axel R Sauter
BACKGROUND: Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively...
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033731/ultrasound-guided-continuous-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-in-a-parturient-with-scoliosis-corrected-with-harrington-s-rod-surgery
#16
Amer Majeed, Iftikhar Ahmed, Ghadah Jamaan Alkahtani, Nasser Abdullah Altahtam
With rapid improvement in healthcare in Saudi Arabia, increasing number of women with surgically corrected kyphoscoliosis are likely to present for cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery requiring anesthesia or analgesia. Despite the surgical correction, these patients have poor cardiopulmonary reserves which increase the risks associated with general anesthesia. Whereas altered vertebral anatomy from previous surgery and the presence of metal work in spine make performing of regional anesthesia (RA) difficult and unpredictable, we report anesthetic management of such a patient who underwent CS using continuous spinal anesthesia technique...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928569/comparison-of-epidural-analgesia-with-transversus-abdominis-plane-analgesia-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-lower-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-study
#17
Sadasivan Shankar Iyer, Harshit Bavishi, Chadalavada Venkataram Mohan, Navdeep Kaur
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists play an important role in postoperative pain management. For analgesia after lower abdominal surgery, epidural analgesia and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block are suitable options. The study aims to compare the analgesic efficacy of both techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomized to postoperatively receive lumbar epidural catheter (Group E) or ultrasound-guided TAP block (Group T) through intravenous cannulas placed bilaterally...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721284/performing-easy-prone-punction
#18
REVIEW
Ramón Cansino, Alejandra Portilla, Juan Gómez Rivas
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous renal surgery has been considered one of the most important advances in urology. There are several possibilities to perform a kidney puncture such as using fluoroscopy, ultrasound or both. The aim of this article is to describe our puncture technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Correct puncture is one of the most critical and challenging steps during percutaneous surgery. Bull's eye technique and other similar techniques supported by fluoroscopy try to make triangulations and provide different views...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663632/obturator-nerve-block-in-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-a-comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-technique-versus-ultrasound-with-nerve-stimulation-technique
#19
Nida Farooq Shah, Khalid Parvez Sofi, Showkat Hussain Nengroo
BACKGROUND: Obturator nerve (ON) stimulation during transurethral resection of lateral and posterolateral bladder wall tumor under spinal anesthesia may lead to obturator reflex, adductor contraction, and leg jerking with complications such as bleeding, bladder perforation, or incomplete tumor resection. Our study was carried out to obtain successful block of ON using ultrasound (US)-guided technique with or without nerve stimulation in patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) under spinal anesthesia...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599806/pharmacokinetics-of-bupivacaine-after-bilateral-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-following-cesarean-delivery-under-spinal-anesthesia
#20
B Trabelsi, R Charfi, L Bennasr, S Ben Marzouk, H Eljebari, N Jebabli, M Ben Sassi, S Trabelsi, H Maghrebi
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane block is an effective method of post-cesarean analgesia. There are no data available about plasma bupivacaine levels after this block in adults. This study aimed to assess bupivacaine pharmacokinetic parameters after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks following cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. METHODS: A prospective observational study in parturients undergoing elective cesarean delivery under hyperbaric bupivacaine spinal anesthesia was conducted...
November 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
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