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Pediatric rheumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909087/stand-up-and-be-counted-measuring-and-mapping-the-rheumatology-workforce-in-canada
#1
Claire E H Barber, Lauren Jewett, Elizabeth M Badley, Diane Lacaille, Alfred Cividino, Vandana Ahluwalia, Henry Averns, Cory Baillie, Janet Ellsworth, Janet Pope, Deborah Levy, Christine Charnock, Claire McGowan, J Carter Thorne, Cheryl Barnabe, Michel Zummer, Katie Lundon, Robert S McDougall, John G Thomson, Elaine A Yacyshyn, Dianne Mosher, Julie Brophy, Thanu Nadarajah Ruban, Deborah A Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the practicing rheumatologist workforce, the Canadian Rheumatology Association (CRA) launched the Stand Up and Be Counted workforce survey in 2015. METHODS: The survey was distributed electronically to 695 individuals, of whom 519 were expected to be practicing rheumatologists. Demographic and practice information were elicited. We estimated the number of full-time equivalent rheumatologists per 75,000 population from the median proportion of time devoted to clinical practice multiplied by provincial rheumatologist numbers from the Canadian Medical Association...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902749/risk-factors-associated-with-renal-involvement-in-childhood-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-meta-analysis
#2
Han Chan, Yan-Ling Tang, Xiao-Hang Lv, Gao-Fu Zhang, Mo Wang, Hai-Ping Yang, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an important cause of chronic kidney disease in children. This meta-analysis identified risk factors associated with renal involvement in childhood HSP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. The quality of all eligible studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale criteria. An analysis of possible risk factors was conducted to report the odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902668/pneumatosis-intestinalis-due-to-child-abuse
#3
Stephanie Anne Deutsch, Cindy W Christian
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and the presence of portal venous gas (PVG) are commonly considered pathognomonic for necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period; however, these 2 radiographic findings have been documented in all age groups in a variety of clinical settings and medical conditions including respiratory, cardiac, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal disorders, and traumatic injury. In children, intramural dissection of intestinal gas in the absence of clinical symptoms suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis should raise concern for a traumatic etiology, including injuries sustained from child physical abuse...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885816/recent-advances-in-pediatric-rheumatology-july-september-2016
#5
Ankur Kumar, Aman Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875955/detection-the-mycoplasma-pneumonia-in-synovial-fluid-of-children-with-negative-culture-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#6
Samileh Noorbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Shokrollahi, Farideh Ebrahimi Taj, Vida Zarabi, Azardokht Tabatabaei
BACKGROUND: arthritis could be caused by different etiologies ranging from rheumatologic diseases to infectious conditions. Therefore, early diagnosis of etiology and treatment is important. The purpose of this study was to determine the the M.pneumonia in synovial fluid of children with arthritis by 2 methods (serology and qualitative PCR). Methods & materials: this trial was carried out as a cross sectional study in pediatric and orthopedic ward of Rasoul-e Akram hospital in Tehran, Iran...
November 21, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870762/review-of-current-workforce-for-rheumatology-in-the-countries-of-the-americas-2012-2015
#7
John D Reveille, Roberto Muñoz, Enrique Soriano, Miguel Albanese, Graciela Espada, Carlos Jose Lozada, Ruben Antonio Montúfar, Fernando Neubarth, Gloria M Vasquez, Michel Zummer, Rosa Sheen, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Carlos Pineda
BACKGROUND: With the increases in and aging of the populations of the Americas, monitoring the number of rheumatologists is critical to address and focus on areas of greatest need. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gather data on the rheumatology workforce from 21 national societies in the Pan American League of Associations for Rheumatology (PANLAR). METHODS: In September and October 2012 and again in October and November 2015, the heads of the 21 rheumatology national societies were contacted in the 2012 survey; all national societies responded except Cuba...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826712/subclinical-pulmonary-hypertension-in-childhood-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-with-minor-disease-manifestations
#8
Pedro Anuardo, Monica Verdier, Natali W S Gormezano, Gabriela R V Ferreira, Gabriela N Leal, Alessandro Lianza, Juliana C O A Ferreira, Rosa M R Pereira, Nadia E Aikawa, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudia S Magalhães, Simone Appenzeller, Maria Carolina Dos Santos, Silvana B Sachetti, Claudio A Len, Gecilmara S Pilleggi, Simone Lotufo, Eloisa Bonfá, Clovis A Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary hypertension (PH) in 852 childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) patients. This was a large multicenter study conducted in 10 Pediatric Rheumatology Services of São Paulo state, Brazil. PH was defined as systolic pulmonary artery pressure >35 mmHg and/or measurement of the mean pulmonary artery pressure >25 mmHg and/or diastolic pressure >15 mmHg by transthoracic echocardiogram. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, disease activity score (SLEDAI-2K), disease damage score (SLICC/ACR-DI) and treatments were also evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803135/childhood-arthritis-and-rheumatology-research-alliance-consensus-clinical-treatment-plans-for-juvenile-dermatomyositis-with-persistent-skin-rash
#9
Adam M Huber, Susan Kim, Ann M Reed, Ruy Carrasco, Brian M Feldman, Sandy D Hong, Philip Kahn, Homaira Rahimi, Angela Byun Robinson, Richard K Vehe, Jennifer E Weiss, Charles Spencer
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common form of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy in children. While outcomes are generally thought to be good, persistence of skin rash is a common problem. The goal of this study was to describe the development of clinical treatment plans (CTP) for children with JDM characterized by persistent skin rash despite complete resolution of muscle involvement. METHODS: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance, a North American consortium of pediatric rheumatologists and other healthcare providers, used a combination of Delphi surveys and nominal group consensus meetings to develop CTP that reflected consensus on typical treatments for patients with JDM with persistent skin rash...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798725/comparisons-of-the-outcomes-between-early-and-late-tocilizumab-treatment-in-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
Thita Pacharapakornpong, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, Butsabong Lerkvaleekul, Soamarat Vilaiyuk
Around 40% of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) in Thailand is steroid dependent or fails to respond to conventional therapy; therefore, tocilizumab (TCZ), a humanized anti-IL-6 receptor antibody, was indicated in these patients. Due to financial problems, some patients cannot receive TCZ treatment immediately following failure of the conventional treatment occurs, leading to disability and poor quality of life. Therefore, this study focused on the outcomes between early and late TCZ treatment in SJIA patients...
October 31, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796481/-imaging-options-in-pediatric-rheumatology
#11
D Windschall
There has been growing interest in the use of imaging modalities in pediatric rheumatology for the past 15 years. Nowadays, highly sensitive imaging techniques can be used to detect early stages of pediatric rheumatic diseases in addition to the physical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging and musculoskeletal ultrasound play the most important role. Moreover, these two techniques are of great value in differential diagnostics and therapy monitoring. The use of imaging methods with a high radiation exposure could therefore be greatly reduced over the last decade...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790341/anti-cyclic-citrullinated-peptide-antibodies-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
Mohamed Hamooda, Hala Fouad, Nermeen Galal, Nadia Sewelam, Dina Megahed
AIM: The purpose of present study was to access the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies in children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), and to investigate the clinical significance and diagnostic value of the anti-CCP antibodies in correlation with age, sex & activity. METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 50 patients with JIA in addition to 40 sex and age-matched children as a control group. The participants were recruited from rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of Cairo University Specialized Pediatric Hospital...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770754/2016-update-of-the-portuguese-recommendations-for-the-use-of-biological-therapies-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#13
M J Santos, M Conde, A F Mourão, F O Ramos, M Cabral, I Brito, M P Ramos, R C Marques, S M Gomes, M Guedes, M J Gonçalves, P Estanqueiro, C Zilhão, M Rodrigues, C Henriques, M Salgado, H Canhão, J E Fonseca, J M Gomes
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence-based guidance for the rational and safe prescription of biological therapies in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIAs) considering the latest available evidence and the new licensed biologics. METHODS: Rheumatologists and Pediatricians with expertise in Pediatric Rheumatology updated the recommendations endorsed by the Portuguese Society of Rheumatology and the Portuguese Society of Pediatrics based on published evidence and expert opinion...
July 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755290/mooren-ulcer-in-a-child-wearing-orthokeratology-contact-lenses
#14
Jaeyoung Kim, Mee Kum Kim, Won Ryang Wee, Joo Youn Oh
PURPOSE: To report a case of Mooren ulcer that developed in a pediatric patient wearing orthokeratology overnight contact lenses. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 10-year-old boy was referred to our clinic because of progressive peripheral corneal ulcer in the right eye, despite the intensive use of fortified antibiotic eye drops. The patient had been using overnight orthokeratology lenses for 4 months before presentation of corneal ulcer...
October 13, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746022/association-between-demyelinating-disease-and-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-in-a-pediatric-population
#15
Ana Luiza M Amorim, Nadia C Cabral, Fabiane M Osaku, Claudio A Len, Enedina M L Oliveira, Maria Teresa Terreri
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. Autoimmunity in patients with demyelinating disease and in their families has been broadly investigated and discussed. Recent studies show a higher incidence of rheumatic autoimmune diseases among adult patients with MS or NMO and their families, but there are no studies in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an association of MS and NMO with autoimmune rheumatic diseases in pediatric patients...
September 28, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698778/scrub-typhus-associated-with-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-a-report-of-six-pediatric-patients
#16
Yingkang Jin, Li Huang, Huifeng Fan, Gen Lu, Yi Xu, Zhiyuan Wu
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening immune disorder that may be inherited or secondary to infection, malignancy or rheumatological disease. The aim of the present study was to highlight the clinical features of scrub typhus-associated HLH in children. A retrospective study was performed on 6 pediatric patients with scrub typhus-associated HLH. For each patient, medical records were reviewed and analyzed, and demographic, clinical and laboratory data and outcomes were collected. The duration of fever prior to admission ranged between 4 and 12 days...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698103/management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-2015-a-position-statement-from-the-pediatric-committee-of-the-canadian-rheumatology-association
#17
Tania Cellucci, Jaime Guzman, Ross E Petty, Michelle Batthish, Susanne M Benseler, Janet E Ellsworth, Kristin M Houghton, Claire M A LeBLANC, Adam M Huber, Nadia Luca, Heinrike Schmeling, Natalie J Shiff, Gordon S Soon, Shirley M L Tse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696793/internet-program-for-physical-activity-and-exercise-capacity-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Wineke Armbrust, G J F Joyce Bos, Nico M Wulffraat, Marco van Brussel, Jeannette Cappon, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, G Elizabeth Legger, Marion A J van Rossum, Pieter J J Sauer, Otto T H M Lelieveld
Objective To determine the effects of Rheumates@work, an internet-based program supplemented with four group sessions, aimed at improving physical activity (PA), exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and participation in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Methods Patients were recruited from three pediatric rheumatology centers in the Netherlands for an observer blinded, randomized controlled, multicenter trial. PA level, time spend in rest, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were recorded in a diary and with an accelerometer, before intervention, after intervention, and at follow-up after 3 and 12 months (intervention group only)...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693175/esophageal-abnormalities-in-juvenile-localized-scleroderma-is-it-associated-with-other-extracutaneous-manifestations
#19
Clarissa C M Valões, Glaucia V Novak, Juliana B Brunelli, Katia T Kozu, Ricardo K Toma, Clovis A Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess esophageal involvement (EI) in juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS) population and the possible association between this gastrointestinal manifestation and demographic data, clinical features, laboratory exams, treatments and outcomes. METHODS: For a period of 31 years, 5,881 patients with rheumatic diseases were followed in our Pediatric Rheumatology Division. EI was defined by the presence of symptoms (solid/liquid dysphagia, heartburn, esophageal regurgitation, nausea/vomiting and epigastralgia) and confirmed by at least one EI exam abnormality: barium contrast radiography, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and 24-hour esophageal pH-monitoring...
September 17, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690679/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-juvenile-systemic-sclerosis
#20
Franceso Zulian, Marta Balzarin, Carolina Birolo
Juvenile Systemic Sclerosis (JSSc) is one of the most severe multi-systemic connective tissue conditions encountered in pediatric rheumatology. Due to its high morbidity and mortality rate, early diagnosis, proper assessment and effective treatment are crucial. Areas covered: In this review, we will focus on the recent advances on the classification and general management of JSSc based on the literature search and on the Authors' experience. Expert Commentary: Classification criteria for the pediatric forms of systemic sclerosis, the new proposed assessment tools, such as the juvenile systemic sclerosis severity score, named J4S, and new techniques for the internal organs assessment, will facilitate both daily practice and research projects...
October 3, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
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