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Right isomerism

Xing Qiao, Lu Yang, Qun Gao, Shu Yang, Zhaojie Li, Jie Xu, Changhu Xue
BACKGROUND: In this paper, the changes in free astaxanthin (F-AST) and astaxanthin esters (AST-E) in L. vannamei during iced storage and frozen storage were investigated. The liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-APCI-MS/MS) method was used to quantify molecular species of AST-E in shrimp during storage. RESULTS: Based on the analysis of auto-oxidation products, apo-12-astaxanthinal and apo-13-astaxanthinone DHA ester were identified as the major oxidation products of F-AST and AST-E in L...
October 14, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Rana S Al-Zahrani, Samaher H Alharbi, Rawan M A Tuwaijri, Bayan T Alzomaili, Alaa Althubaiti, Talat Mesud Yelbuz
Background/Aim: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is traditionally classified as a "conotruncal heart defect", implying that TGA evolves from abnormal development of the outflow tract (OFT) of the embryonic heart. However, recently published genetic data suggest that TGA may be linked to laterality gene defects rather than OFT gene defects. The aim of our study was to clarify whether there is any statistically significant link between TGA and clinically diagnosed laterality defects (heterotaxy)...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Martin Audet, Raymond C Stevens
The first crystal structure of a G Protein-Coupled Receptor (GPCR) was that of the bovine rhodopsin, solved in 2000, and is a light receptor within retina rode cells that enables vision by transducing a conformational signal from the light-induced isomerization of retinal covalently bound to the receptor. More than seven years after this initial discovery and following more than twenty years of technological developments in GPCR expression, stabilization, and crystallography, the high-resolution structure of the adrenaline binding β2 -adrenergic receptor, a ligand diffusible receptor, was discovered...
September 21, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Onder Albayram, Peter Angeli, Elizabeth Bernstein, Sean Baxley, Ziang Gao, Kun Ping Lu, Xiao Zhen Zhou
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein heavily implicated in neurodegenerative diseases collectively known as tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Phosphorylation of tau at Thr231 allows for the isomerization of phosphorylated tau (p-tau) into distinct cis and trans conformations. Cis, but not trans, p-tau is detectable not only in Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy, but also right after traumatic brain injury depending on injury severity and frequency both in humans and animal models...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Parkinsonism
Paula Mapelli-Brahm, Charles Desmarchelier, Marielle Margier, Emmanuelle Reboul, Antonio J Meléndez Martínez, Patrick Borel
SCOPE: Absorption mechanisms of phytoene (PT) and phytofluene (PTF) are poorly known. The main objectives of the study are to measure their micellization and intestinal cell uptake efficiencies and to compare them to those of commonly consumed carotenoids. Other objectives are to assess the involvement of protein(s) in their cellular uptake and whether they compete with other carotenoids for micellization and cellular uptake. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tomato-extract-purified PT and PTF, mainly present as cis-isomers, are much better incorporated in synthetic mixed micelles than pure all-trans lycopene...
September 7, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Xue Dong, Stefania Mondello, Firas Kobeissy, Farid Talih, Raffaele Ferri, Yehia Mechref
Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is now considered a prodromal stage of an α-synucleinopathy-related to neurodegenerative disease such as Parkinson's diseases. Emerging evidence has shown that post-translational modification or glycosylation are implicated in dynamic disease mechanisms and the onset of many pathological conditions. We hypothesized that the characterization of the glycosylation pattern of patients with RBD would be of great value to understand the pathophysiology and underlying mechanisms and represent potentially useful biomarkers for disease-associated molecular changes...
August 31, 2018: Electrophoresis
Peter J Canfield, Iain M Blake, Zheng-Li Cai, Ian J Luck, Elmars Krausz, Rika Kobayashi, Jeffrey R Reimers, Maxwell J Crossley
In the version of this Article originally published, the word 'stereoisomerism' was erroneously included in the label of the upper-right box of Fig. 1. The label within the box has been corrected and it now reads: "Constitutional isomerism (same formula, different connectivity)". This has been corrected in the online version of the Article.
September 2018: Nature Chemistry
Chao Feng, Amitava Roy, Carol Beth Post
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is an essential player in immune signaling through its ability to couple multiple classes of membrane immunoreceptors to intracellular signaling pathways. Ligand binding leads to the recruitment of Syk to a phosphorylated cytoplasmic region of the receptors called ITAM. Syk binds to ITAM with high-affinity (nanomolar Kd ) via its tandem pair of SH2 domains. The affinity between Syk and ITAM is allosterically regulated by phosphorylation at Y130 in a linker connecting the tandem SH2 domains; when Y130 is phosphorylated, the binding affinity decreases (micromolar Kd )...
July 27, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Lindsay M Ryerson, Scott Pharis, Charissa Pockett, Reeni Soni, Deborah Fruitman, Kristine J Guleserian, Melissa Nater, Stephen C Raynor, Andrew S Mackie, Bryan Dicken
BACKGROUND: Infants with heterotaxy syndrome (HS) have abnormal lateralization of organs along the right-left body axis. Intestinal rotation abnormalities (IRAs) are a potential source of morbidity and mortality. For this study, our objective was to prospectively observe a cohort of infants with HS and determine the incidence and natural history of IRA. METHODS: Infants ≤6 months of age with HS were enrolled in this prospective observational study. Exclusion criteria were other congenital abnormalities that necessitated abdominal surgery...
August 2018: Pediatrics
Anwar Baban, Nicoletta Cantarutti, Rachele Adorisio, Roberta Lombardi, Giulio Calcagni, Eva Piano Mortari, Bruno Dallapiccola, Bruno Marino, Fiore Salvatore Iorio, Rita Carsetti, Maria Cristina Digilio, Salvatore Giannico, Fabrizio Drago, Adriano Carotti
BACKGROUND: Heterotaxy syndrome (HS) is a group of congenital disorders characterized by abnormal arrangement of thoraco-abdominal organs across the left-right axis of the body, classified as right (RAI) and left atrial isomerism (LAI)·We investigated the long-term survival and phenotypic spectrum in our HS cohort. Results are compared to literature data. METHODS: This is a single centre, observational, both retro and prospective study. Cardiac features, surgical management and abdominal ultrasound (US) of all HS patients were reviewed or investigated if missing...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Amaurilio O Nogueira, Yasmin Ingrid S Oliveira, Beatriz L Adjafre, Maria E Amaral de Moraes, Gislei F Aragão
Protium heptaphyllum Aubl. belongs to the Burseraceae family. It is commonly called 'almecegueira' and is known to produce an amorphous resin which has constituents such as α- and β-amyrin, taraxastan-3-oxo-20-ol and sitostenonein. The α- and β-amyrin from P. heptaphyllum have pharmacological activities in several systems, such as central and peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract and immunological system. In this study, our objective was to review pharmacological activities and to gather more information on the mixture of α- and β-amyrin obtained from P...
July 13, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Paweł Mateusz Nowak, Katarzyna Olesek, Michał Woźniakiewicz, Paweł Kościelniak
Methcathinone (ephedrone), 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone), and 3-methylmethcathinone (metaphedrone) are toxicologically-important cathinone derivatives used commonly as designer drugs. In this work we show the first method allowing to separate simultaneously all these molecules in a chiral medium, ensuring good resolution between all enantiomers. Eight cyclodextrins have been tested as potential chiral selectors, the best results were obtained with 2-hydroxyethyl-β-cyclodextrin, unreported so far for efficient separation of cathinones...
October 2018: Electrophoresis
Iain M Dykes, Dorota Szumska, Linta Kuncheria, Rathi Puliyadi, Chiann-Mun Chen, Costis Papanayotou, Helen Lockstone, Christèle Dubourg, Véronique David, Jurgen E Schneider, Thomas M Keane, David J Adams, Steve D M Brown, Sandra Mercier, Sylvie Odent, Jérôme Collignon, Shoumo Bhattacharya
ZIC2 mutation is known to cause holoprosencephaly (HPE). A subset of ZIC2 HPE probands harbour cardiovascular and visceral anomalies suggestive of laterality defects. 3D-imaging of novel mouse Zic2 mutants uncovers, in addition to HPE, laterality defects in lungs, heart, vasculature and viscera. A strong bias towards right isomerism indicates a failure to establish left identity in the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM), a phenotype that cannot be explained simply by the defective ciliogenesis previously noted in Zic2 mutants...
July 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Trisha V Vigneswaran, Caroline B Jones, Vita Zidere, Marietta Charakida, Owen I Miller, John M Simpson, Gurleen K Sharland
In this retrospective, observational study of fetuses diagnosed with a laterality disturbance we describe the findings and outcome of fetuses diagnosed between 1980 and 2017 at a tertiary fetal-pediatric cardiology unit. In addition we sought to identify features which impact on outcome. Left atrial isomerism (LAI) was diagnosed in 177 babies and right atrial isomerism (RAI) in 100. Major structural heart disease was present in all cases of RAI and 91% with LAI. Complete heart block (CHB) was present in 40% of LAI...
August 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Theresa Schredelseker, Wolfgang Driever
Neuroendocrine cells in the pineal gland release melatonin during the night and, in teleosts, are directly photoreceptive. During development of the pineal complex, a small number of cells migrate leftward away from the pineal anlage to form the parapineal cell cluster, a process that is crucial for asymmetrical development of the bilateral habenular nuclei. Here, we show that, throughout zebrafish embryonic development, the brain-specific homeobox ( bsx ) gene is expressed in all cell types of the pineal complex...
July 9, 2018: Development
Adrian Sytniczuk, Gwénaël Forcher, Douglas B Grotjahn, Karol Grela
We report successful utilization of sequential alkene isomerization and ring-closing metathesis of dec-9-enoic acid based dienes in synthesis of macrocyclic lactones that possess a strong scent of musk. This catalytic sequence was essential to trim the chain length of starting dienes to yield macrocycles of the right size. Dec-9-enoic acid is conveniently obtainable from oleic esters by Ru-catalysed ethenolysis.
July 20, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Padmabati Mondal, Giovanni Granucci, Dominique Rastädter, Maurizio Persico, Irene Burghardt
The photoregulation of nucleic acids by azobenzene photoswitches has recently attracted considerable interest in the context of emerging biotechnological applications. To understand the mechanism of photoinduced isomerisation and conformational control in these complex biological environments, we employ a Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics (QM/MM) approach in conjunction with nonadiabatic Surface Hopping (SH) dynamics. Two representative RNA-azobenzene complexes are investigated, both of which contain the azobenzene chromophore covalently attached to an RNA double strand via a β-deoxyribose linker...
May 28, 2018: Chemical Science
Jinhui Wang, Béatrice Delavaux-Nicot, Mariusz Wolff, Sonia Mallet-Ladeira, Rémi Métivier, Eric Benoist, Suzanne Fery-Forgues
Two isomeric tricarbonyl rhenium(i) complexes, ReL1 and ReL2, that possess a 2-pyridyl-1,2,n-triazole (pyta) ligand (n = 4 and 3, respectively) connected to a 2-phenylbenzoxazole (PBO) moiety, were synthesized in good yields. The X-ray structures showed that in ReL1 the PBO moiety and the pyta ligand almost form a right angle hindering electron delocalization, while in ReL2 their nearly planar arrangement favors the electron delocalization in the whole organic ligand. Therefore, the nature of the ligand significantly influences the electron distribution in the two complexes, as indicated by the results of TD-DFT calculations...
June 19, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Terézia Jurkovičová Vojtylová, Martin Cigl, Petra Tomášková, Věra Hamplová, David Sýkora
The influence of photoinduced isomerization on the enantiomeric separation of two newly synthesized liquid crystalline materials, liquid crystals 1 and 2, was studied by high-performance liquid chromatography on a chiral stationary phase Chiralpack AD-3. Both materials have one chiral center and one diazene moiety. The compounds were separated into their E and Z isomeric forms. The conditions and time scale of the ultraviolet-induced E to Z transition were briefly evaluated. Under the optimized conditions, we were able to baseline separate the S and R enantiomers of both the studied materials in their E isomeric form...
August 2018: Journal of Separation Science
F Cao, M H Zou, L Ma, Y S Xia, S C Yang, W D Chen, G D Huang, X X Chen
Objective: To review current-era palliation outcomes of patients with heterotaxy and functional single ventricle in a single institution. Methods: The clinical data of 70 consecutive patients with heterotaxy undergoing multistage single ventricle palliation in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2008 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, and the prognosis factors for mortality were analyzed. There were 53 male and 17 female patients.The median age was 13.3 months (range: 6 days to 150 months)...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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