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Depression pregnancy

Lisa H Gou, Kari N Duerksen, Erica M Woodin
A key criticism of research on intimate partner violence (IPV) is that a sole focus on physical or psychological acts of aggression fails to account for other forms of manipulative behavior that may have serious consequences for partner and family functioning. The current study examines coercive control, or behavior designed to constrain or compel an intimate partner in some way, in a longitudinal community sample of 98 heterosexual couples assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy as well as at 1 and 2 years postpartum...
December 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Ayesha C Sujan, A Sara Öberg, Patrick D Quinn, Brian M D'Onofrio
Children of women treated with antidepressants during pregnancy are more likely to develop neurodevelopmental problems than are unexposed children. Associations between prenatal antidepressant exposure and neurodevelopmental problems could reflect a causal effect or could be partially or fully explained by other factors that differ between exposed and unexposed offspring, including having mothers with conditions requiring antidepressant treatment (e.g. depression), environmental risk factors, and/or genetic risk factors shared across disorders...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Anny-Claude Joseph, Whitney C Graves, Saba W Masho
Background: In the United States, major depressive disorder affects one in five women aged 20-40 years. During these childbearing years, depression can negatively impact maternal behaviors that are crucial for infant growth and development. This study examined the relationship between prepregnancy depression and breastfeeding duration by maternal age. Methods: Data from Phase 7 (2012-2013) of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (N=62,483) were analyzed...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Ilona Luoma, Marie Korhonen, Kaija Puura, Raili K Salmelin
Loneliness has potentially adverse effects on health and is often connected with depression, while maternal depression has been shown to have a harmful effect on many indicators of children's socioemotional outcomes. The prevalence of loneliness among first-time mothers and its associations with depressive symptoms, background factors, and child outcomes in middle childhood and adolescence were investigated in this longitudinal study. A sample of 122 mother-child dyads was collected from maternal health clinics in Tampere, Finland...
December 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Roee Birnbaum, Naama Yosha-Orpaz, Miri Yanoov-Sharav, Dvora Kidron, Hila Gur, Keren Yosovich, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Gustavo Malinger, Dorit Lev
Protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) is a member of a family of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosyl-l-methionine to nitrogen atoms on arginine residues. Arginine methylation is involved in multiple biological processes, such as signal transduction, mRNA splicing, transcriptional control, DNA repair, and protein translocation. Currently, 10 patients have been described with mutations in PRMT7. The shared findings include: hypotonia, intellectual disability, short stature, brachydactyly, and mild dysmorphic features...
December 4, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Jessica A Grieger, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley M McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny E Myers, James J Walker, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk for developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia (PE), which both associate with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women in later life. In the general population, metabolic syndrome (MetS) associates with T2DM and CVD. The impact of maternal MetS on pregnancy outcomes, in nulliparous pregnant women, has not been investigated. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Low-risk, nulliparous women were recruited to the multi-centre, international prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort between 11 November 2004 and 28 February 2011...
December 2018: PLoS Medicine
Katarzyna Wszołek, Joanna Żurawska, Jadwiga Łuczak-Wawrzyniak, Beata Kopaszewska-Bachorz, Aleksandra Głowińska, Beata Pięta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify a group of women needed psychological support after delivery by identifying the medical and social factors that may influence the emotional changes during the postpartum period. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A group of 835 pregnant women in second, third trimester of pregnancy and during the postpartum period completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the questionnaire consisting of difficulties that might occur in the four life fields: practical, family, emotional and physical...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Pranee Liamputtong, Della A Forster
In Australia, the PANDA-Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia National Helpline (the Helpline) offers support to callers impacted by emotional health challenges in the perinatal period. Callers receive counselling from professional staff and peer support from volunteers. An understanding of factors that contribute to callers' experiences of emotional distress, as well as potential barriers and facilitators to help-seeking, can be used to inform future service design and delivery. A caller intake form is completed by Helpline staff when an individual contacts the service for the first time, or re-engages after a period of non-contact...
December 3, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Joni Jackson, Natalia V Lewis, Gene S Feder, Penny Whiting, Timothy Jones, John Macleod, Maria Theresa Redaniel
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an association between exposure to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) and use of emergency contraception (EC) is lacking in the UK. AIM: To quantify the association between exposure to DVA and consultations for EC in general practice. DESIGN AND SETTING: Nested case-control study in UK general practice. METHOD: Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, the authors identified all women all women aged 15-49 years registered with a GP between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2016...
December 3, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Honghui Yu, Xueyan Jiang, Wei Bao, Guifeng Xu, Rong Yang, Min Shen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women constitutes a global public health problem and a potential risk factor for adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. The present study aimed to examine the associations among IPV during pregnancy, prenatal depression, and adverse birth outcomes in Wuhan, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from April 2013 to March 2014 in Wuhan, China. Sociodemographic characteristics, IPV during pregnancy, and depressive symptoms during pregnancy were assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy...
December 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jodi L Pawluski, Ursula Brain, Geoffrey L Hammond, Tim F Oberlander
The effect of perinatal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B) has not been investigated. Using a cohort of 86 pregnant women, we found that SSRIs significantly increase BDNF levels in late pregnancy and that S100B, but not BDNF, is associated with maternal depression in SSRI-treated women only. This shows that serum S100B could be a unique biomarker to determine efficacy of SSRIs during gestation.
December 1, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
James N George
Although risk for relapse may be the greatest concern following recovery from acquired, autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), there are multiple other major health issues that must be recognized and appropriately addressed. Depression may be the most common disorder following recovery from TTP and may be the most important issue for the patient's quality of life. Severe or moderate depression has occurred in 44% of Oklahoma Registry patients. Recognition of depression by routine screening evaluations is essential; treatment of depression is effective...
November 30, 2018: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Hélène Clabault, Marie Cohen, Cathy Vaillancourt, J Thomas Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Between 2 and 10% of pregnant women are treated with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for depression. The extravillous trophoblasts (evTBs), which migrate and invade maternal tissues, are crucial for embryo implantation and remodeling of maternal spiral arteries. Poor migration/invasion of evTBs can cause serious pregnancy complications, yet the effects of SSRIs on these processes has never been studied. To determine the effects of five SSRIs (fluoxetine, norfluoxetine, citalopram, sertraline and venlafaxine) on migration/invasion, we used JEG-3 and HIPEC cells as evTB models...
December 2018: Placenta
M Belén Vázquez, Beatriz Pereira, M Carmen Míguez
Although pregnancy increases the vulnerability to anxiety, no specific assessment instruments are usually used to detect it. The objective of this study was to adapt the Pregnancy Related Anxiety Questionnaire (PRAQ) to Spanish population, as well as analyze its validity and reliability. A sample of 367 nulliparous pregnant women with a normal risk status filled in a socio-demographic and obstetric-gynaecological questionnaire, the PRAQ, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
December 3, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Verónica Martínez-Borba, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Jorge Osma
Perinatal mental illness refers to psychiatric disorders that exist during pregnancy and up to 1 year after childbirth. The aim of this systematic review was to discuss the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on perinatal depression (PeD) screening in the past three decades. Published articles were searched between 1990 and 2018, both in English and Spanish. In the search, we used different keywords, such as "pregnancy," "depression," or "technology" in ScienceDirect, PubMed-NCBI, and Web of Science...
November 30, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Angelyn Chen Yin Lua, Choon How How, Thomas F J King
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) presents with a spectrum of conditions resulting from androgen excess, anovulation and metabolic syndrome. Patients with PCOS may see their primary care physicians for various presentations, including hirsutism, acne, menstrual irregularities, infertility, obesity, and psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Management of these patients should include screening for Type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Treatment should be targeted to each patient's phenotype and personal expectations such as desire for pregnancy...
November 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
Yushi Mo, Wenjie Gong, Joyce Wang, Xiaoqi Sheng, Dong R Xu
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care smartphone apps are increasingly used by pregnant women, but studies on their use and impact are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of antenatal care apps in pregnant women and explores the association between the use of these apps and antenatal depression. METHODS: This study used a convenient sample of pregnant women recruited from Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital in November 2015...
November 29, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
S Nazzari, P Fearon, F Rice, N Dottori, F Ciceri, M Molteni, A Frigerio
Accumulating evidence suggests that antenatal maternal stress is associated with altered behavioral and physiological outcomes in the offspring, however, whether this association is causal and the underlying biological mechanisms remain largely unknown. While the most studied mediator of maternal stress influences on the fetus has generally been cortisol, alternative novel markers of stress or inflammation warrant further consideration. The current investigation explored the influence of variations in self-reported symptoms of distress, stress hormones and inflammatory markers on infant birth outcomes and early stress regulation...
November 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Stephanie Alves, Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the predictive validity of the prenatal and postnatal versions of the Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory-Revised (PDPI-R) in European Portuguese women, considering two gold standards to determine postpartum depression (PPD). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study conducted between November 2015 and September 2017. SETTING: One public referral maternity hospital in the central region of Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 140 Portuguese women participated in the study...
November 17, 2018: Midwifery
Claire Stanley, Amanda Baillargeon, Amanda Selk
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period related to placentophagy. DESIGN: Mixed methods study (cross-sectional survey and online discussions). SETTING: We used social media to advertise the study to mother/parenting groups. Online discussion groups were conducted through Google Groups. PARTICIPANTS: Women during pregnancy and in the postpartum period and placenta encapsulation specialists with Internet access...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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