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Bita Bahrami, Behrooz Dolatshahi, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani
Objective: Mothers have an important role in child- rearing, and maternal personality has theoretically been considered as the most influential factor determining the parenting style, because it is thought to affect parental behavior. However, the influence of personality on parenting styles has received surprisingly little attention. The aim of the present study was to compare personality components among mothers with authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles. Method : Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, we selected 8 kindergartens in Tehran...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Suguru Ohira, Hiroaki Miyata, Sachiko Yamazaki, Satoshi Numata, Noboru Motomura, Shinichi Takamoto, Hitoshi Yaku
OBJECTIVES: Despite its survival benefits, bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting is not commonly utilized due to concerns over deep sternal wound infection (DSWI). The present study investigated the early outcome of BITA grafting and analyzed the risk of DSWI using a Japanese national database (the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database). METHODS: Data from 560 hospitals were used. Between April 2012 and December 2015, BITA was harvested in 14,249 patients, corresponding to 32...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Bita Fereidooni, Mohsen Saffari, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health concern worldwide affecting up to one in five women at reproductive age. It is associated with biochemical and hormonal disturbances as well as adverse cosmetic, reproductive, metabolic, and psychological consequences, resulting in worsened quality of life. The aim of the present study is evaluating the quality of life and determining its degrading factors among Iranian women suffering from this syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 PCOS women in Hamadan, Iran...
October 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mana Oloomi, Maryam Imani, Ramezan Behzadi, Mohsen Asori, Saeid Bouzari, Bita Mokhlesi
Cancer remains a major health problem around the world. A Shiga toxin is a bacterial toxin often produced by Shigella dysenteriae and Escherichia coli. A subunit of the Shiga toxin (StxA) is a cytotoxic agent which could be used to induce death in cancer cells. StxA expressed from baculovirus was evaluated in a pTriEx™ expression vector. The baculovirus vector was used for the A subunit delivery of StxA. StxA cell cytotoxicity was induced by the virus and assessed in the MCF7 and HeLa cell lines. In addition, the breast cancer cytotoxicity of the expressed StxA was also assessed in a cancer induced in mice...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Ensieh Shahrokh Tehrani Nejad, Fatemeh Bakhtiari Ghaleh, Bita Eslami, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Maryam Bagheri, Masoumeh Masoumi
Background: Both oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) and estradiol valerate (E2) have been used to schedule a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Since the suppression of follicle-stimulating hormone by OCPs can stay 5-7 days after stopping the pills, it seems that starting the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) after 6 days of pre-treatment discontinuation may be important in IVF outcomes. Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the number of mature oocyte and pregnancy rate of three pretreatment methods for fresh embryo transfer cycles...
August 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Joseph A Carcillo, Bita Shakoory, Dennis Simon, Kate Kernan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Emanuela Bonaiuto, Massimiliano Magro, Luca Fasolato, Enrico Novelli, Saeed Shams, Alessandra Piccirillo, Bita Bakhshi, Tahereh Tohidi Moghadam, Davide Baratella, Fabio Vianello
Custom immuno-magnetic devices are desirable tools for biomedical and biotechnological applications. Herein, surface active maghemite nanoparticles (SAMNs) are proposed as a versatile platform for developing tailored immuno-magnetic nano-carriers by simple wet reactions. Two examples for conjugating native and biotinylated antibodies were presented along with their successful applications in the recognition of specific foodborne pathogens. Nanoparticles were functionalized with rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RITC), leading to a fluorescent nano-conjugate, and used for binding anti-Campylobacter fetus antibodies (SAMN@RITC@Anti-Cf)...
September 28, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Ionuţ Donoiu, Constantin Militaru, Oana Obleagă, John M Hunter, Johny Neamţu, Andrei Biţă, Ion Romulus Scorei, Otilia Constantina Rogoveanu
Boron is considered to be a biological trace element but there is substantial and growing support for it to be classified as an essential nutrient for animals and humans, depending on its speciation. Boron-containing compounds have been reported to play an important role in biological systems. Although the exact biochemical functions of boron-containing compounds have not yet been fully elucidated, previous studies suggest an active involvement of these molecules in the mediation of inflammation and oxidative stress...
December 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Aziz Rezapour, Reza Jahangiri, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Bita Kalaghchi, Mojtaba Nouhi, Azin Nahvijou
BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world, among which, oral cancer is associated with significant morbidity, and low survival. A large part of the budget allocated to health care is attributed to cancer. In this study we aim to estimate the economic burden of oral cancer in Iran for the year 2014. METHODS: In this study, we generated a prevalence-based estimate of the cost-of-illness of oral cancer in Iran. A societal perspective was used for this study, in which the direct costs and productivity losses of oral cancer cases in 2014 were estimated...
2018: PloS One
Ilana Solomon, Christina Rybak, Lily Van Tongeren, Lili Kuzmich, Kathleen Blazer, Bita Nehoray, Mariana Niell-Swiller, Shawnie Bray, Travis H Bray, Karen Hurley, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Thomas P Slavin
Genetic healthcare professionals provide genetic cancer risk assessment and follow-up care for patients facing hereditary cancers. To meet the needs of those affected by hereditary colorectal cancer, City of Hope and the Hereditary Colon Cancer Foundation collaborated to develop a "Family Day" conference. We describe the development of our conference based upon the Hereditary Colon Cancer Foundation's "Family Day" program model, with refinements completed using the Participatory Action Research theoretical framework, which incorporated input from conference participants and researchers...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Bita Hassani, Anna Isaian, Mansoureh Shariat, Hasan Mollanoori, Soheila Sotoudeh, Vahid Babaei, Arghavan Ziaali, Shahram Teimourian
BACKGROUND: Filaggrin is a key structural epidermal protein in terminal differentiation and formation of skin barrier. The important role of filaggrin and its effects in various cutaneous and noncutaneous disorders initiated a cascade of considerable research in recent years. Loss-of-function mutations in FLG, the human gene encoding profilaggrin/filaggrin, is the cause of the common skin condition ichthyosis vulgaris (IV) and major genetic predisposing factor for atopic dermatitis (AD)...
September 23, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Batool Sanaei, Bahar Movaghar, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Bita Ebrahimi, Masood Bazrgar, Farnoosh Jafarpour, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Vitrification affects fertilization ability and developmental competence of mammalian oocytes. This effect may be more closely associated with an intracellular calcium rise induced by cryoprotectants. The present study aimed to assess whether addition of Ethylene Glycol Tetraacetic acid (EGTA) to vitrification solution could improve quality and developmental competence of in vitro matured ovine oocytes. Vitrified groups were designed according to the presence or absence of EGTA and/or calcium in base media, including: mPB1+ (modified PBS with Ca2+ ), mPB1- (modified PBS without Ca2+ ), mPB1+ /EGTA (mPB1+ containing EGTA), mPB1- /EGTA (mPB1- containing EGTA)...
October 2018: Cryobiology
Brenda A Kwambana-Adams, Rahab C Amaza, Catherine Okoi, Murtala Rabiu, Archibald Worwui, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Bernard Ebruke, Abdul K Sesay, Madikay Senghore, Abdullahi S Umar, Rabi Usman, Adamu Atiku, Garba Abdullahi, Yahaya Buhari, Rabiu Sani, Husaini U Bako, Bashir Abdullahi, Alliyu I Yarima, Badaru Sikiru, Aderinola Olaolu Moses, Michael O Popoola, Eme Ekeng, Adebola Olayinka, Nwando Mba, Adamu Kankia, Ibrahim N Mamadu, Ifeanyi Okudo, Mary Stephen, Olivier Ronveaux, Jason Busuttil, Jason M Mwenda, Mohammed Abdulaziz, Sulaiman A Gummi, Adebayo Adedeji, Andre Bita, Linda Omar, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey, Wondimagegnehu Alemu, Umberto D'Alessandro, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Martin Antonio
After the successful roll out of MenAfriVac, Nigeria has experienced sequential meningitis outbreaks attributed to meningococcus serogroup C (NmC). Zamfara State in North-western Nigeria recently was at the epicentre of the largest NmC outbreak in the 21st Century with 7,140 suspected meningitis cases and 553 deaths reported between December 2016 and May 2017. The overall attack rate was 155 per 100,000 population and children 5-14 years accounted for 47% (3,369/7,140) of suspected cases. The case fatality rate (CFR) among children 5-9 years was 10%, double that reported among adults ≥ 30 years (5%)...
September 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Elena Zamagni, Michele Cavo, Bita Fakhri, Ravi Vij, David Roodman
Bone disease is the most frequent disease-defining clinical feature of multiple myeloma (MM), with 90% of patients developing bone lesions over the course of their disease. For this reason, imaging plays a major role in the management of disease in patients with MM. Although conventional radiography has traditionally been the standard of care, its low sensitivity in detecting osteolytic lesions has called for more advanced imaging modalities. In this review, we discuss the advantages, indications, and applications of whole-body low-dose CT (WBLDCT), 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT, MRI, and other novel imaging modalities in the management of disease in patients with plasma cell dyscrasias...
May 23, 2018: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
Thomas J Kandl, Oded Sagiv, Jonathan L Curry, Jing Ning, Junsheng Ma, Courtney W Hudgens, John Van Arnam, Jennifer A Wargo, Bita Esmaeli, Michael T Tetzlaff
Ocular adnexal sebaceous carcinoma (OASC) is an aggressive malignancy that frequently recurs locally and metastasizes. Surgical extirpation may produce significant aesthetic morbidity, and effective systemic therapies for locally advanced or metastatic disease are largely ineffective. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown efficacy in the management of several solid tumors where tumor cell PD-L1 expression correlates with improved response. To determine whether OASC might be amenable to immune checkpoint blockade, we performed comprehensive immune profiling for CD3, CD8, PD-1, FOXP3, and PD-L1 in 24 patients with primary OASC...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Bita Moudi, Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the main consequences of liver chronic disease. Hepatocellular carcinoma-related changes may be seen in patients with chronic hepatitis B. The aim of the current study was to quantitate liver tissue elements by stereological technique in patients with hepatitis B-related cancer and compare the results with control and only hepatitis B group. Needle liver biopsies from 40 patients with only chronic hepatitis B infection, from 41 patients with only early hepatocellular carcinoma, from 40 patients with early hepatitis B-related cancer and 30 healthy subjects (control group) were analyzed by stereological method using systematic uniform random sampling method...
September 18, 2018: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Zhaleh Farokhizadeh, Sahar Dehbidi, Bita Geramizadeh, Ramin Yaghobi, Seyed Ali Malekhosseini, Mehrdad Behmanesh, Mohammad Hossein Sanati, Afsoon Afshari, Ali Moravej, Mohammad Hossein Karimi
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can modulate various biological processes by influencing microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis and altering target selection. Common SNPs may alter the processing of miRNA and may be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated the relationship between miR-499A >G, miR-149C >T, miR-196a2T >C, and miR-146aG >C and HCC susceptibility, examining the interaction of the miRNAs with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS: We evaluated the associations of miR-499A >G (rs3746444), miR-149C >T (rs2292832), miR-196a2T >C (rs11614913), and miR-146aG >C (rs2910164) with HCC susceptibility in 100 HCC patients (70 males and 30 females) and 120 healthy controls (70 males and 50 females), using the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method...
January 2019: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Wilfried De Backer, Jan De Backer, Wim Vos, Ilse Verlinden, Cedric Van Holsbeke, Johan Clukers, Bita Hajian, Shahid Siddiqui, Martin Jenkins, Colin Reisner, Ubaldo J Martin
Background: Functional respiratory imaging (FRI) uses high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans to assess changes in airway volume and resistance. Patients and methods: In this randomized, double-blind, 2-week, crossover, Phase IIIB study, patients with moderate-to-severe COPD received twice-daily glycopyrrolate/formoterol fumarate delivered by a metered dose inhaler (GFF MDI, 18/9.6 μg) and placebo MDI, formulated using innovative co-suspension delivery technology...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Asal Neshatbini Tehrani, Bita Bayzai, Farah Naja, Bahram Rashidkhani
Background: The relation between dietary inflammation and risk of depression has not been widely explored. We examined the association between the inflammatory effect of the diet and the odds of depression among Iranian female adolescents. Methods: Using a stratified cluster sampling technique, 300 female adolescents aged 15-18 years were recruited from schools in Tehran between years 2014-2015. Depression was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS)- a 21-point scale. The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) was used to evaluate the inflammatory potential of the diet...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
M Ghanei, K Arnrup, A Robertson
AIM: To investigate the frequency and reported intensity levels of dental treatment pain and discomfort in children, in conjunction with regular dental visits. METHODS: The study included 2363 children in four different age cohorts. Data was collected from structured interviews by dental personnel regarding pain experiences or discomfort after treatments, including analgesia, extractions, operative treatments and radiographic examinations. RESULTS: One-third of all treatment occasions were experienced as painful and/or causing discomfort...
October 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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