Read by QxMD icon Read

curricular change

Jenni L Hoffman, Linda Myler, Sandra Hines
Students in health care today are very different than those of past generations. Health care education requires both innovation and creativity to meet the changing needs of students. Soft skills such as leadership, communication, nursing informatics, technology, and professionalism can sometimes be lost in pursuit of scientific knowledge. The purpose of this descriptive pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a product designed to assist in the development of soft skills in a bachelor of science in nursing curriculum...
August 7, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Elena Stark, John D Christensen, Naomi A Schmalz, Sebastian Uijtdehaage
Early hands-on experience with surgical procedures may help medical students make better-informed choices if considering a surgical specialty. Here, we evaluate a curricular addition in surgical anatomy, formally exposing second-year students to different surgical subspecialties. Students met with surgeons for 7 weeks (one afternoon per week) and practiced surgical procedures on human cadavers with supervision. About a quarter of the participants reported a change in their top choice of specialty upon completing the course, and about half of the students reported changes in their second and third choices...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Hazem Shoirah, Achilles Ntranos, Rachel Brandstadter, Yangbo Liu, Elisha Medina, Jamie Kwan, Stephen Krieger
OBJECTIVE: To enhance residency education by implementing the 6 principles of adult learning theory (ALT) in a large academic neurology residency program. METHODS: We implemented a set of curricular interventions aimed at Resident Education through Adult Learning in Neurology (REAL Neurology), in a large, academic neurology residency program. Interventions included didactic reform, increasing resident-as-teacher activities, and enhancing residents' interaction. The primary outcome was the change in mean Residency In-service Training Examination (RITE) percentile between the preintervention and postintervention cohorts, adjusting for US Medical Licensing Examination step 1 and 2 score...
July 31, 2018: Neurology
Anna García-Altés, Manel Peiró, Joan Josep Artells
OBJECTIVE: Identify and prioritize according to their relevance, measures, interventions and indispensable instruments to support the establishment of a strategic framework in the Spanish National Health System to enable the responsible and informed exercise of the autonomy of its users and patients for shared decision-making. METHOD: Group consultation, structured according to procedures adapted from brainstorming techniques, nominal group and Rand consensus method...
July 19, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Caroline Wellbery, Perry Sheffield, Kavya Timmireddy, Mona Sarfaty, Arianne Teherani, Robert Fallar
Climate change presents unprecedented health risks and demands universal attention to address them. Multiple intergovernmental organizations, health associations, and health professions schools have recognized the specific importance of preparing physicians to address the health impacts of climate change. However, medical school curricula have not kept pace with this urgent need for targeted training.The authors describe the rationale for inclusion of climate change in medical education and some potential pathways for incorporating this broad topic into physician training and continuing medical education...
July 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jennifer Lochner, Robin Lankton, Kirsten Rindfleish, Brian Arndt, Jennifer Edgoose
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Improvement in population health has become a key goal of health systems and payers in the United States. Because 80% of health outcomes are driven by social determinants of health beyond medical care and health care access, such improvements require attention to factors outside of the conventional areas of expertise for clinicians. Yet primary care physicians often graduate from training programs with few skills in population and community health. METHODS: In 2011, the University of Wisconsin Department of Family Medicine began transformative work to become a Department of Family Medicine and Community Health (DFMCH)...
July 2018: Family Medicine
Bobby Jacob, Samuel Peasah
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are a limited number of pedagogical studies evaluating student pharmacists' perceptions of the pharmaceutical industry. The objective of this two year prospective study was to evaluate changes in student pharmacists' perceptions of the pharmaceutical industry during the first year of enrollment in the doctor of pharmacy curriculum. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An online survey was developed and offered to all first-year student pharmacists during the 2014 and 2015 Fall semesters prior to didactic instruction on the pharmaceutical industry and then again at the end of the respective academic years...
May 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Verónica A Segarra, Nicole M Hughes, Kristin M Ackerman, Michael H Grider, Todd Lyda, Patrick A Vigueira
OBJECTIVE: Response-validated multiple-choice assessments are used in college courses to assess student learning gains. The ability of a test to accurately reflect student learning gains is highly dependent on the students' effort. Within our institution, lackluster student effort is common on response-validated multiple-choice concept assessments that are not included as a portion of the semester grade but are used to inform curricular changes. Thus, we set out to determine whether increasing testing stakes by assigning a grade on student performance had an effect on student score and self-reported effort...
July 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Sandra Steffens, Volker Paulmann, Jasper Mecklenburg, Konstantin Büttner, Marianne Behrends
Background: The aim of this study was to assess usability and identify possible challenges in the implementation of the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) among medical educators. Methods: A comprehensive survey among experienced medical educators (responsible for the teaching content and didactical development in their module/field) based on the System Usability Scale (SUS) was carried out focusing on the awareness, usability and challenges of the NKLM...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Sue Murphy, Laura Whitehouse, Betsabeh Parsa
The role of "professionalism" is core to many health professions including Physical Therapy (PT), and the development of competence in professionalism is a key requirement of entry-to-practice PT programs. However, the actual curriculum, teaching methodologies, and evaluation methods currently used to develop professional competence during PT training programs in Canada are unclear. This study explored current teaching practices, evaluation and curricular content related to professionalism in Canadian entry-to-practice PT programs...
June 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Michael Hessler, Daniel M Pöpping, Hanna Hollstein, Hendrik Ohlenburg, Philip H Arnemann, Christina Massoth, Laura M Seidel, Alexander Zarbock, Manuel Wenk
OBJECTIVES: Results from end-of-course student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are taken seriously by faculties and form part of a decision base for the recruitment of academic staff, the distribution of funds and changes to curricula. However, there is some doubt as to whether these evaluation instruments accurately measure the quality of course content, teaching and knowledge transfer. We investigated whether the provision of chocolate cookies as a content-unrelated intervention influences SET results...
June 29, 2018: Medical Education
Janani Krishnaswami, Paresh A Jaini, Raymond Howard, Suad Ghaddar
Vulnerable populations in the U.S. experience persistent disparities in chronic disease and associated lifestyle-based risk factors. Because of environmental, cultural, and health systems barriers affecting vulnerable populations, lifestyle medicine interventions may miss those at highest risk for chronic disease. Numerous reports suggest that graduate medical education (GME) inadequately prepares physicians to promote healthy lifestyles and health equity in vulnerable groups. General Preventive Medicine/Public Health (GPM/PH), the medical specialty dedicated to health promotion and disease prevention in populations, can fill this gap...
June 25, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
John Q Young, Rehana Rasul, Patricia S O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) is a direct observation tool designed to assess resident performance of a medication visit. This study examines two dimensions of validity for the P-SCO: internal structure and how scores correlate with another variable associated with competence (experience). METHODS: The faculty completed 601 P-SCOs over 4 years. Multilevel exploratory factor analysis was performed with minimum thresholds for eigenvalue (≥ 1...
June 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Dr Janet Irene Sweet MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: A research study entitled "Newly-Graduated Baccalaureate Registered Nurses, the 21st Century Health Care Environment and Mapping the Landscape for Curricular Change" explored the perceptions of newly graduated registered nurses (NGRNs). During the research process, a model for nursing education and research was revealed and subsequently developed as an interpretative framework. PURPOSE: Qualitative narrative inquiry research explored the perceptions of newly graduated registered nurses and shaped the creation of the Narrative Circle Model for Nursing Education and Research (NCMNER)...
June 27, 2018: Nursing Forum
Agathe Streiff, Barbara Orlando, Bryan Mahoney
Background: To maintain compliance with the current shift towards competency-based milestone assessment in graduate medical education, residency training programs must reflect this emphasis in their curricula starting with the intern year of training.1 In working towards collaborative efforts in curricular development between Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology residency programs, understanding the structure and design of the clinical base year for anesthesiology residency programs nationwide will serve as a valuable initial step...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Saad S Alzahrani, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: Study habits of medical students contribute to better understanding learner achievement and success. This study examines the relationship between study habits, including gender and nonacademic factors that affect learning, to investigate their relationship with performance outcomes. METHODS: This study was conducted in March 2015 at the College of Medicine and Applied Medical Science at Taif University. A survey was administered, measuring study habits such as study time, study partners, source of study, breaks, study interruptions, difficulty concentrating, study activity, and delayed study...
June 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
Carey S Clark
With the knowledge of psychoneuroimmunological responses and the known high stress levels of nursing students, as caring nurse educators, we have become ethically obligated to revise and re-vision our current nursing educational practices. Nurse educators should be motivated to create innovative and radical caring science curricular approaches, so that our nurses of the future are in turn supported in creating caring- healing sustainable bedside practices. This paper details the outcomes from an upper level yoga elective in an RN- BSN program...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
Javier Montero-Pau, Paula Tuzón, Valentín Gavidia
OBJECTIVE: The current Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality (LOMCE) incorporates substantial changes from the previous law, especially a new curricular configuration with a higher prevalence of optionality, which may affect the development of health competencies by students. The objective was to evaluate the treatment of Health Education (HE) in the last two educative Spanish laws, based on the amount and varia- bility of Health related terms that they incorporate. METHODS: A comparative quantitative analysis was performed based on the presence of 281 terms related to eight areas of Health Education in both laws and for the two compulsory education stages (Primary and Secondary)...
June 8, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Shmuel Reis
In a recent IJHPR article, Dankner et al. describe a reform in one longitudinal strand within Basic Medical Education i.e." public health and preventive medicine curriculum" using a Competency Based Medical Education approach. This reform raises several concerns: What should prompt a medical school to change a curriculum? How should such change be conducted? What kinds of paradigms may inform such a change? What constitutes a success in a curricular reform? And, how can curricular reform be evaluated within a reasonable time framework?This commentary addresses these concerns and concludes that curricular reform should follow as much as possible the current wisdom of educational innovation and change strategy, follow a clear vision, mission, and selected educational paradigm, and pay attention to stakeholders, context, culture and politics...
June 7, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Diane M Rudolphi, Jessica Madiraca, Erlinda C Wheeler
The aim of this study was to identify medical-surgical clinical error near-miss events (ENME) and causative factors as reported by senior-level nursing students. Qualitative and quantitative ENME data were obtained using a survey tool during clinical courses. Students identified cognitive and behavioral/performance issues, human factors, system issues, and communication as contributing factors, with 97 percent of the errors reported as preventable. Identifying ENMEs with causative factors may ultimately increase patient safety...
June 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"