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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471871/can-high-schools-be-an-effective-setting-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-effects-of-a-multiple-behavior-change-intervention-in-adolescents
#1
Javier Sevil, Luis García-González, Ángel Abós, Eduardo Generelo, Alberto Aibar
PURPOSE: The main aim was to examine the effects of a school-based intervention on multiple health behaviors in adolescents, such as 24-hour movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration), diet, and substance consumption (i.e., alcohol and tobacco). Another aim was to examine intragender differences in the effectiveness of the programme. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was carried out in two secondary schools throughout one academic year...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30465370/perceptions-of-medical-teachers-about-integrated-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ziyad Afzal Kayani, Irum Gilani, Usman Mahboob
BACKGROUND: Curriculum is a plan of educational experiences and activities offered to a learner. Curricular reform is a dynamic process. To make a curricular change impactful the curriculum needs to be accepted and followed by all stakeholders otherwise it will be unsuccessful. Change is not readily accepted as evidence suggests that there have been frequent curricular reforms but with little change in medical education. Evidence suggests that teachers agree for upgrading themselves towards recent trends in the field of medical education...
July 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425056/development-and-evaluation-of-high-value-pediatrics-a-high-value-care-pediatric-resident-curriculum
#3
Maya Dewan, Lisa E Herrmann, Michael J Tchou, Allison Parsons, Naveen Muthu, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Evan Fieldston, Robert B Lindell, Adam Dziorny, Craig Gosdin, Tara W Bamat
Low-value health care is pervasive in the United States, and clinicians need to be trained to be stewards of health care resources. Despite a mandate by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education to educate trainee physicians on cost awareness, only 10% of pediatric residency programs have a high-value care (HVC) curriculum. To meet this need, we set out to develop and evaluate the impact of High-Value Pediatrics, an open-access HVC curriculum. High-Value Pediatrics is a 3-part curriculum that includes 4 standardized didactics, monthly interactive morning reports, and an embedded HVC improvement project...
November 13, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418808/one-health-one-education-medical-and-veterinary-inter-professional-training
#4
Michael S Wilkes, Patricia A Conrad, Jenna N Winer
Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated within their respective professions. Medical and veterinary students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health serves as an ideal framework for developing problem-focused curricula that promote inter-professional teamwork. One Health issues (e.g., zoonotic diseases, water pollution, toxic waste, impact of climate change, food safety and security) not only engage students across disciplines, but require faculty and senior leadership across various health-related fields to share knowledge and balance perspectives throughout curriculum development and implementation...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403267/care-and-management-actions-developed-in-the-supervised-curricular-internship-perceptions-by-involved-actors
#5
Jorge Luiz Rigobello, Andrea Bernardes, André Almeida de Moura, Ariane Cristina Barboza Zanetti, Carmen Silvia Gabriel, Ana Maria Laus
OBJECTIVE: To assess the Supervised Curricular Internship of the Nursing undergraduate course of two higher education institutions in the state of São Paulo based on specific skills described in the Brazilian National Curriculum Guidelines regarding preparation to the development of nursing care and management actions from the perceptions of professors, undergraduate students, and alumni. METHOD: Descriptive study in which a questionnaire was applied to 59 undergraduate students, 111 alumni, and 27 professors of a Nursing undergraduate course involved in the Supervised Curricular Internship in the analyzed institutions...
November 1, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30398898/medical-education-dilemma-how-best-to-accommodate-basic-sciences-in-a-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-medical-students
#6
Paul Ganguly, Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Wael AlKattan, Sabri Kemahli, Khaled AlKattan
Over the years the medical curriculum has been changed to accommodate a variety of evolving disciplines and an exploding scientific knowledge of the basic sciences to prepare "a competent physician" of the 21st century. Therefore, we must be innovative in our approach of curricular development if we wish to continue to incorporate new basic sciences knowledge in the face of decreasing contact hours to satisfy the buzz word, "integration". Certainly, the challenges are phenomenal. The question how best to integrate basic sciences, is not easy to answer as the objectives of the courses and outcome vary from one medical school to another and the fact is, one size does not fit all...
November 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386838/distribution-of-clinical-rotations-among-emergency-medicine-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#7
Michael Gottlieb, Kimbia Arno, Matthew Kuhns, Teresa M Chan
Introduction: There are over 200 emergency medicine (EM) residency programs in the United States. While there are basic criteria defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), there can be significant variation between programs with regard to rotation distribution. Therefore, it would be valuable to have a benchmark for programs to understand their rotation mix in the context of the national landscape. This study aimed to provide a breakdown of the length and percentage of EM residency programs with each clinical rotation in the United States...
October 2018: AEM education and training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30385597/collaborative-skill-building-in-dentistry-and-dental-hygiene-through-intraprofessional-education-application-of-a-quality-improvement-model
#8
Tricia S Barker, Chet A Smith, Geri M Waguespack, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to apply a quality improvement model in the application of an intraprofessional educational experience by improving student perceptions of collaboration and increasing the number of collaborative experiences within the dental hygiene curriculum. Methods: A quality improvement model, Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) developed by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), was used to initiate an intraprofessional education experience for dental hygiene and dental students...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368488/health-sciences-cultural-safety-education-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Donna Lee Marie Kurtz, Robert Janke, Jeanette Vinek, Taylor Wells, Pete Hutchinson, Amber Froste
Objectives: To review the research literature on cultural safety education within post-secondary health science programs. Methods: We conducted health and social science database searches from 1996-2016, using combined keywords: cultural competence or safety; teaching or curriculum; universities, polytechnics or professional programs; and Aboriginal or Indigenous. In dyads, authors selected, and reviewed studies independently followed by discussion and consensus to identify thematic linkages of major findings...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368487/interprofessional-communication-in-the-emergency-department-residents-perceptions-and-implications-for-medical-education
#10
Marleen Olde Bekkink, Susan E Farrell, James Kimo Takayesu
Objectives: Objectives of the current study were to: i) assess residents' perceptions of barriers and enablers of interprofessional (IP) communication based on experiences and observations in their clinical work environments, ii) investigate how residents were trained to work in IP collaborative practice, iii) collect residents' recommendations for training in IP communication to address current needs. Methods: Focus group study including fourteen Emergency Medicine (EM) residents, who participated in four focus groups, facilitated by an independent moderator...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344093/pediatric-communication-training-a-project-report-on-an-innovative-approach-and-its-effects-on-student-acceptance
#11
Astrid Helling-Bakki, Thomas Lutz, Bettina Kraft, Georg F Hoffmann, Ronny Lehmann
AIM AND BACKGROUND: To elucidate the effects on the results of student evaluation after the revision of pediatric communication training. Students repeatedly rated communication training as moderate, and indicated an insufficient level of preparedness with regard to the medical background of the cases used. Also, tutoring was often perceived as unbalanced between medical and communicative issues associated with the tutor's profession-who was either a resident or a psychologist. In addition, peer role-play was frequently criticized for being used in a case featuring cultural and language barriers...
October 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334276/stethoscope-of-the-21st-century-dominant-discourses-of-ultrasound-in-medical-education
#12
Zac Feilchenfeld, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia Whitehead
CONTEXT: In recent years, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a widely used clinical tool in a number of clinical specialties. In response, POCUS has been incorporated into medical curricula across the learning continuum, bolstered by enthusiastic appraisals of the technology's benefits for learners, clinicians and patients. In this project, we have sought to identify and understand the effects of dominant discourses influencing the integration of POCUS into medical education...
December 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333023/pupil-s-perspectives-on-female-genital-cutting-abandonment-in-harari-and-somali-regions-of-ethiopia
#13
Asresash D Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a harmful traditional practice that affects the physical and mental health of girls and women in many ways. In Ethiopia, although both governmental institutions and None-Governmental- Institutions (NGOs) launched different campaigns against FGC, their effects on the peoples' attitudes towards the practice have not been deeply investigated yet. Hence, this study particularly aimed to investigate the pupils' perspectives on FGC abandonment in the Harari and the Somali Regional States of Ethiopia where the prevalence of the practice was thought to be high...
October 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323394/curricular-reform-in-pharmacy-education-through-the-lens-of-the-flexner-report-of-1910
#14
Ryan L Crass, Frank Romanelli
Abraham Flexner's 1910 report on medical education in the United States (US) and Canada propelled medical training forward into a contemporary renaissance. The report heralded many seismic changes that still resonate within medical and health professions education throughout the US. Today several factors are accelerating curricular reform within pharmacy education, including but not limited to accreditation standards, technologic advances, and student diversity. Despite the fact that Flexner's report is now over a century old, many of his observations and recommendations regarding education are as pertinent and timely today as they were in 1910...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317265/needs-assessment-for-curricular-reform-of-a-post-graduate-paediatric-training-programme-at-a-private-university-hospital-in-karachi-pakistan
#15
Sana Saeed, Khadija Nuzhat Humayun, Farah Naz Qamar, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Kashif Karim
In order to make and sustain changes in the curriculum, needs assessment is the key. We conducted a need assessment survey using a questionnaire based on a 7 point Likert Scale by residents and alumni. Over all response rate in the study was 77.5%. Fifty eight percent participants were females. Highest level of agreement (mean score 5.7) was found between the alumni and residents regarding the need to revise the content, teaching and assessment strategies in the programme. Twenty seven alumni (n= 38, 71%) had cleared their FCPS exams...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277958/educating-for-indigenous-health-equity-an-international-consensus-statement
#16
Rhys Jones, Lynden Crowshoe, Papaarangi Reid, Betty Calam, Elana Curtis, Michael Green, Tania Huria, Kristen Jacklin, Martina Kamaka, Cameron Lacey, Jill Milroy, David Paul, Suzanne Pitama, Leah Walker, Gillian Webb, Shaun Ewen
The determinants of health inequities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations include factors amenable to medical education's influence, for example, the competence of the medical workforce to provide effective and equitable care to Indigenous populations. Medical education institutions have an important role to play in eliminating these inequities. However, there is evidence that medical education is not adequately fulfilling this role, and in fact may be complicit in perpetuating inequities.This article seeks to examine the factors underpinning medical education's role in Indigenous health inequity, in order to inform interventions to address these factors...
October 1, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276671/lessons-learned-from-a-student-driven-initiative-to-design-and-implement-an-organ-and-tissue-donation-course-across-canadian-medical-schools
#17
Alexandra Fletcher, Bing Yu Chen, David Benrimoh, Sam Shemie, Stuart Lubarsky
The competencies required of the well-trained physician are constantly evolving, and medical education must adapt accordingly. In response, a growing number of influential medical education licensing and accreditation bodies have proposed frameworks that outline society's expectations of physician competencies. In Canada, undergraduate and graduate curricula have undergone major changes to meet the specifications of the CanMEDS framework, and similar efforts are underway internationally. Nonetheless, ensuring the values enshrined within such frameworks become integral to a physician's identity remains challenging...
October 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268351/teaching-orthotic-design-and-fabrication-content-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-faculty-perspectives
#18
Katherine A Schofield, Deborah A Schwartz
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. INTRODUCTION: Occupational therapy (OT) programs must provide students with the skills necessary to fabricate orthoses. Input from OT educators can provide valuable insight into how these skills are taught and the resources used. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Explore how instruction in orthotic fabrication is addressed in OT education programs. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to all accredited OT programs in the United States...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241871/deprescribing-an-educational-imperative
#19
Lalitha Raman-Wilms, Barbara Farrell, Cheryl Sadowski, Zubin Austin
The Bruyère Evidence-Based Deprescribing Guideline Symposium included a forum on health professional education that brought together health professionals, researchers, professional organization representatives and public members. The goal was to facilitate partnerships among educators and to build knowledge, skills and support for behaviour change to integrate the use of evidence-based deprescribing guidelines into health care professional education. Participant discussions were analyzed under the thematic headings of teaching, learning, and assessment, impact of heuristics in learning, the importance of patient/public understanding and the role of leadership in enabling curricular change to include deprescribing...
August 28, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236431/establishment-of-a-patient-centered-communication-course-to-address-curricular-gaps
#20
Catherine E O'Brien, Rachel Stafford, Amy M Franks
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patient-centered communication (PCC) skills are critical to the practice of pharmacy. A gap analysis of the communication content of our curriculum revealed inadequate coverage of several competencies recommended by a National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation - National Community Pharmacy Association - Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education joint task force report: "support patient behavior change through skills such as motivational interviewing", "demonstrate compassion and empathy for patients", and "solve adherence challenges created by low health literacy"...
July 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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