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Congenital glaucoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207433/long-term-clinical-course-in-eyes-with-peters-anomaly
#1
Haruna Yoshikawa, Chie Sotozono, Yoko Ikeda, Kazuhiko Mori, Morio Ueno, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: Peters anomaly (PA) is known to be a primary cause of congenital corneal opacity. The aim of this study is to report the long-term clinical course and visual achievement of patients with PA who did not undergo keratoplasty. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 15 eyes of 9 infants with PA less than 5 months of age at initial presentation at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine who were followed up without keratoplasty for more than 6 years after presentation...
February 15, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192834/the-connection-between-hbs-heterozygosity-and-unilateral-vision-loss-in-a-child-with-congenital-glaucoma
#2
R I Bojinova, M G Todorova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146442/comparison-of-ex-press-shunt-and-trabeculectomy-with-mitomycin-c-in-congenital-and-juvenile-glaucoma
#3
David L Nash, Eric R Crouch, Earl R Crouch
PURPOSE: To compare efficacy and safety of EX-PRESS mini glaucoma shunt (Alcon) and trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C (MMC) in the management of pediatric glaucoma. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed patients from a single pediatric ophthalmology practice with either congenital or juvenile glaucoma who underwent surgical treatment with either trabeculectomy or EX-PRESS shunt insertion with MMC. Postoperative intraocular pressure at 6, 18, and 36 months, medication requirements, visual acuities, postoperative interventions, complications, and noncompliance with medications or follow-up was reviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139064/corneal-profile-in-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#4
Azadeh Doozandeh, Shahin Yazdani, Shabnam Ansari, Mohammad Pakravan, Tahmineh Motevasseli, Bagher Hosseini, Mehdi Yasseri
PURPOSE: To investigate biomechanical and ultrastructural corneal parameters and ocular biometrics in the affected eyes of patients with unilateral primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) as compared to unaffected fellow eyes and age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 12 patients with treated unilateral PCG and 10 normal subjects were evaluated. LENSTAR was performed to determine biometric parameters; the ocular response analyser was employed to determine biomechanical properties and slit-scanning confocal microscopy was used for evaluation of corneal ultrastucture...
January 31, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138215/fellow-eye-in-unilateral-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#5
Nader Hl Bayoumi
AIM: This is a report of the incidence of bilateral cases in a cohort of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) cases and a study of the biometric characteristics of the fellow normal eyes in unilateral cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The charts of 134 PCG children were reviewed, of which 78 cases (58.2%) were found to have bilateral disease. The remaining 56 patients (41.8%) with unilateral disease had their fellow normal eyes compared with an age-matched cohort of ophthalmologically free children...
January 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131617/betab2-crystallin-mutations-associated-with-cataract-and-glaucoma-leads-to-mitochondrial-alterations-in-lens-epithelial-cells-and-retinal-neurons
#6
Jennifer E Dulle, Anne Rübsam, Sarah J Garnai, Hemant S Pawar, Patrice E Fort
Crystallin proteins are the most prominent protein of the lens and have been increasingly shown to play critical roles in other tissues, especially the retina. Members of all 3 sub-families of crystallins, alpha-, beta- and gamma-crystallins have been reported in the retina during diabetes, traumatic injury and other retinal diseases. While their specific role in the retina is still unclear and may vary, beta-crystallin proteins have been shown to play a critical role in ganglion cell survival following trauma...
January 25, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126187/sturge-weber-syndrome-a-review
#7
E Higueros, E Roe, E Granell, E Baselga
Sturge-Weber syndrome is a sporadic congenital neurocutaneous disorder caused by a somatic activating mutation in GNAQ; it affects 1 in every 20,000 to 50,000 newborns. It is characterized by a facial Port-wine stain, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and glaucoma. Seizures are the most common neurological manifestation and typically present in the first months of life. Glaucoma may be present at birth or develop later. Neuroimaging studies show leptomeningeal angiomatosis, supporting diagnosis. Standard treatment for Sturge-Weber syndrome includes laser treatment for the Port-wine stain, anticonvulsants, and medical or surgical treatment for the glaucoma...
January 23, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076574/macular-hemorrhage-after-roller-coaster-riding-in-a-single-eyed-patient-with-congenital-glaucoma
#8
Dilek Guven, Zeynep Acar, Mehmet Demir, Yekta Sendul, Atilla Gokce Demir, Erdem Ergen
A 21-year-old female presented with a 4-day history of decreased vision in her only functional eye (right eye, OD). She had a history of multiple ocular surgeries in both eyes because of congenital glaucoma and had lost light perception in her left eye several years prior. Ophthalmological examination revealed 0.15 Snellen visual acuity, and fundoscopy revealed nearly total cupping and pallor of the optic disc and multiple retinal hemorrhagic foci in the macula in OD. Lesions spontaneously resolved over a few months...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073365/neurophthalmological-conditions-mimicking-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy-analysis-of-the-most-common-causes-of-misdiagnosis
#9
Diego Torres Dias, Michele Ushida, Roberto Battistella, Syril Dorairaj, Tiago Santos Prata
BACKGROUND: To analyze the most common neurophthalmological conditions that may mimic glaucomatous optic neuropathy and to determine which most often lead to misdiagnosis when evaluated by a glaucoma specialist. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of consecutive patients with optic neuropathies caused by neurophthalmological conditions screened in a single Eye Clinic within a period of 24 months. Within these enrolled patients, we selected the eyes whose fundoscopic appearance could resemble glaucoma based in pre-defined criteria (vertical cup-to-disc ratio ≥0...
January 10, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064423/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-glaucoma-associated-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Usman Javaid, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition which includes leptomeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus, and ocular changes. SWS can lead to severe complications of anterior segment involving conjunctiva and eyelids, whereas posterior segment of the eye may also be affected by diffuse choroidal hemorrhages. This article was written with the objectives to determine the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glaucoma associated with this rare and challenging disorder...
January 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038923/charles-bonnet-syndrome-in-a-child-with-congenital-glaucoma
#11
E Santos-Bueso, M Serrador-García, F Sáenz-Francés, C Méndez-Hernández, L Morales-Fernández, J M Martínez-de-la-Casa, J García-Feijoo, J Porta-Etessam
CASE REPORT: The case is presented of a 12 year-old boy with congenital glaucoma and low visual acuity diagnosed with Charles Bonnet syndrome. This consisted of the acute onset of complex, repetitive, persistent, and with visual hallucinations (people, brooms and coffeemakers) of self-limited evolution without treatment. The patient was diagnosed with congenital glaucoma at 3 years of age, and subjected to a trabeculectomy in right eye, and trabeculectomy and keratoplasty in his left eye...
December 27, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003733/mmp19-expression-in-the-human-optic-nerve
#12
Kathleen R Chirco, Ralph J Hazlewood, Kathy Miller, Grefachew Workalemahu, Lee M Jampol, G Robert Lesser, Robert F Mullins, Markus H Kuehn, John H Fingert
PURPOSE: The defining feature of glaucoma is excavation of the optic nerve head; however, the mechanism of this loss of tissue is not well understood. We recently discovered a copy number variation upstream of matrix metalloproteinase 19 (MMP19) in a large, autosomal dominant pedigree with a congenital malformation of the optic disc called cavitary optic disc anomaly (CODA). Patients with CODA have abnormal optic discs that exhibit an excavated shape similar to cupping seen in glaucoma...
2016: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989225/-unaffected-child-born-following-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-with-karyomapping
#13
László Nánássy, Gyöngyvér Téglás, Marianna Csenki, Attila Vereczkey
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for single gene defects is a well established method in assisted reproductive technologies. Karyomapping is a genome wide parental haplotyping using a high density single nucleotide polymorphism array that allows the diagnosis of any single gene defects. A couple with an affected child with primary congenital glaucoma attended at our clinic. Six oocyte-cumulus-complex was retrieved and all three mature oocytes were inseminated. One zygote showed the signs of normal fertilization and was cultured for five days...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968868/timing-and-approaches-in-congenital-cataract-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Weirong Chen, Erping Long, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Zhuoling Lin, Qianzhong Cao, Xiaohang Wu, Qiwei Wang, Duoru Lin, Xiaoyan Li, Lixia Luo, Bo Qu, Haotian Lin, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: The optimum timing of surgery and the approach that should be used during congenital cataract surgery are controversial and present challenges for paediatric cataract surgeons in China. The aim of this study was to compare visual prognoses and postoperative adverse effects of paediatric cataract surgery done at different times and using different surgical approaches. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, we recruited Chinese patients aged 3 months or younger who were diagnosed with bilateral diffuse or total cataracts, but who did not have coexisting ocular, systemic or neurological diseases...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941161/angiopoietin-tie-signalling-in-the-cardiovascular-and-lymphatic-systems
#15
REVIEW
Lauri Eklund, Jaakko Kangas, Pipsa Saharinen
Endothelial cells that form the inner layer of blood and lymphatic vessels are important regulators of vascular functions and centrally involved in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. In addition to the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor pathway, the angiopoietin (Ang)-Tie system is a second endothelial cell specific ligand-receptor signalling system necessary for embryonic cardiovascular and lymphatic development. The Ang-Tie system also regulates postnatal angiogenesis, vessel remodelling, vascular permeability and inflammation to maintain vascular homoeostasis in adult physiology...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928401/idiopathic-acquired-temporal-wedge-visual-field-defects
#16
Michael J Gilhooley, Clare L Fraser, Sui Wong, Simon J Hickman, Gordon T Plant
Our aim is to report 13 unusual cases of acquired, temporal sectoral scotomas. Such stationary "wedge" field defects have been reported previously in cases of presumed congenital nasal hypoplasia of the optic disc and as a complication of vitreoretinal surgery. To our knowledge, the literature provides no reports of similar defects occurring spontaneously. This is a descriptive clinical case series of 13 patients presenting with sub-acute monocular temporal visual field loss. All were clinically assessed and investigated with Goldmann perimetry, automated Humphrey visual fields, retinal optical coherence tomography, orbital ultrasound, and standard and multi-focal electroretinography...
August 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916715/360-degree-trabeculotomy-for-medically-refractory-glaucoma-following-cataract-surgery-and-juvenile-open-angle-glaucoma
#17
Maria E Lim, Jennifer B Dao, Sharon F Freedman
PURPOSE: While angle surgeries show good success in primary congenital glaucoma, reported success in glaucoma following cataract surgery (GFCS) and juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) is variable and with relatively short follow-up. We evaluated longer-term outcomes of 360-trabeculotomy for medically-refractory GFCS and JOAG. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: First operated eyes of consecutive patients with medically-refractory GFCS and JOAG in a single-surgeon pediatric glaucoma practice who underwent illuminated microcatheter-assisted 360-trabeculotomy from 2/2008-6/2015 were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914834/glaucoma-and-congenital-zika-syndrome
#18
Bruno de Paula Freitas, Albert I Ko, Ricardo Khouri, Monica Mayoral, Daniele Freitas Henriques, Maurício Maia, Rubens Belfort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911017/congenital-glaucoma-detected-by-unilateral-megalophthalmos-on-prenatal-sonography
#19
Sarah Gennette, Steve J Carlan, John Busowski, Mario Madruga, Jeannie McWhorter
A 36-week male fetus was noted to have isolated right megalophthalmos on prenatal ultrasound and was found to have buphthalmos and congenital glaucoma at birth. Detection of congenital glaucoma at birth may be occasionally possible if abnormal orbit dimensions are noted on late prenatal sonographic examination. Early neonatal intervention may improve the chances to retain vision. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2016.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905331/prevalent-practice-patterns-in-glaucoma-poll-of-indian-ophthalmologists-at-a-national-conference
#20
Nikhil Shreeram Choudhari, Vanita Pathak-Ray, Sushmita Kaushik, Prateep Vyas, Ronnie George
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore and compare the prevailing practice patterns in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma among subspecialists and general ophthalmologists in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an interactive audience response system (ARS) based poll of ophthalmologists attending the annual conference of the Glaucoma Society of India in 2013. RESULTS: The information was obtained from 379 ophthalmologists (146 glaucoma specialists, 54 nonglaucoma subspecialists, and 179 general ophthalmologists)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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