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Ceftriaxone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151282/epidemiology-and-impact-of-bloodstream-infections-among-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-retrospective-single-center-experience
#1
Ali M Shendi, Gabriel Wallis, Helena Painter, Mark Harber, Sophie Collier
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) represent an important source of morbidity and mortality, as well as an increasing therapeutic challenge, among solid organ transplant recipients. Understanding the epidemiological and microbiological characteristics of BSI following renal transplantation is paramount to the implementation of appropriate preventative and therapeutic measures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all BSI episodes occurring between July 2009 and April 2016 in adult patients, who received a renal transplant at Royal Free London hospital...
November 19, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149094/genomic-analysis-of-third-generation-cephalosporin-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-dairy-cow-manure
#2
Muhammad Attiq Rehman, Xianhua Yin, Dion Lepp, Chad Laing, Kim Ziebell, Guylaine Talbot, Edward Topp, Moussa Sory Diarra
The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) conferring resistance to new derivatives of β-lactams is a major public health threat if present in pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. The objective of this study was to characterize ceftiofur (TIO)- or cefotaxime (FOX)-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dairy cow manure. Twenty-four manure samples were collected from four farms and incubated under anaerobic conditions for 20 weeks at 4 °C or at 25 °C. A total of 37 TIO- or FOX-resistant E. coli were isolated from two of the four farms to determine their susceptibility to 14 antibiotics...
November 17, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147962/retrospective-review-of-ceftriaxone-versus-levofloxacin-for-treatment-of-e-coli-urinary-tract-infections
#3
Samantha S Wang, Patrick D Ratliff, William R Judd
Background Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections. Options for initial treatment of pyelonephritis or UTI requiring hospitalization include levofloxacin (LVF) or extended-spectrum cephalosporins. Globally, uropathogenic Escherichia coli resistance rates to fluoroquinolones have increased in recent years. Objective To compare clinical outcomes of patients receiving ceftriaxone (CTX) to those who received LVF empirically for the treatment of E. coli UTI. Setting 433-bed community hospital in Lexington, KY...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141102/statistically-optimized-ceftriaxone-sodium-biotransformation-through-achromobacter-xylosoxidans-strain-cef6-an-unusual-insight-for-bioremediation
#4
Ahmed Anan, Khaled M Ghanem, Amira M Embaby, Ahmed Hussein, Moustafa Y El-Naggar
The present study underlines a unique promising approach toward efficient biotransformation of ceftriaxone sodium (Ceftx), a highly frequent prescribed cephalosporin antibiotic, by a newly bacterium namely Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain Cef6 isolated from Ceftx contaminated raw materials in pharmaceutical industries. A three step sequential statistical-mathematical approach (Plackett-Burman design [PBD], Central Composite Design [CCD], and ridge-canonical analyses) was anticipated to optimize the biotransformation process...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132479/current-trends-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-typhoidal-salmonellae-isolated-at-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Nadia Midhat Zehra, Fatima Irfan, Irfan Ali Mirza, Anam Imtiaz, Saman Nadeem, Fatima Hameed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current trend of antimicrobial susceptibility of typhoidal Salmonellae. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, PNS Shifa Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Blood culture samples received from the wards and outpatient departments were included. Isolates of Salmonella were dealt with standard microbiological procedures...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131780/ceftriaxone-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-canada-2017
#6
Brigitte Lefebvre, Irene Martin, Walter Demczuk, Lucie Deshaies, Stéphanie Michaud, Annie-Claude Labbé, Marie-Claude Beaudoin, Jean Longtin
We identified a ceftriaxone-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolate in a patient in Canada. This isolate carried the penA-60 allele, which differs substantially from its closest relative, mosaic penA XXVII (80% nucleotide identity). Epidemiologic and genomic data suggest spread from Asia. Antimicrobial susceptibility surveillance helps prevent spread of highly resistant N. gonorrhoeae strains.
February 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128307/rescue-of-glutamate-transport-in-the-lateral-habenula-alleviates-depression-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-ethanol-withdrawn-rats
#7
Seungwoo Kang, Jing Li, Alex Bekker, Jiang-Hong Ye
Alcoholism and psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety are often comorbid. Although the mechanisms underlying this comorbidity are unclear, emerging evidence suggests that maladaptation of the glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 may play a role. Findings from animal and human studies have linked aversive states, including those related to drugs of abuse and depression, to aberrant activity in the lateral habenula (LHb). The relationship between GLT-1 maladaptation, LHb activity, and abnormal behaviors related to alcohol withdrawal, however, remains unknown...
November 8, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124451/current-treatment-concepts-for-iatrogenic-ventriculitis-a-nationwide-survey-in-germany
#8
Niklas von Spreckelsen, Norma Jung, Sergej Telentschak, Jürgen Hampl, Roland Goldbrunner, Stefan Grau
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic ventriculitis is a common complication of the external ventricular drainage. While the procedure and indications for external ventricular drains (EVD) are highly standardized, the treatment of ventriculitis is not clearly defined. OBJECTIVE: To depict the treatment of iatrogenic ventriculitis currently performed in German hospitals. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire consisting of 18 multiple choice questions, each with the ability to provide additional individual answers, covering the diagnosis and treatment of iatrogenic ventriculitis as well as general handling of EVDs, was sent to 121 neurosurgical hospitals registered in the German Society for Neurosurgery (DGNC)...
November 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116290/drug-resistance-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-fish-and-shrimp
#9
Marília Viana Albuquerque de Almeida, Ítalo Mendes Cangussú, Antonia Leonadia Siqueira de Carvalho, Izabelly Linhares Ponte Brito, Renata Albuquerque Costa
The present study aims to detect the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) by enterobacteria isolated from samples of fresh shrimp and fish obtained from the retail trade of the city of Sobral, Ceará State, Brazil. All bacterial isolates were submitted to identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing using aminopenicillin, beta-lactamase inhibitors, carbapenem, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, and monobactam. Three types of beta-lactamases - ESBL, AmpC and KPC - were investigated...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110574/comparison-of-medical-therapy-alone-to-medical-therapy-with-surgical-treatment-of-peritonsillar-abscess
#10
Alex Battaglia, Raoul Burchette, Jacob Hussman, Matthew A Silver, Peter Martin, Paul Bernstein
Objective This study was performed to determine whether the efficacy and safety of medical management of uncomplicated peritonsillar abscess (PTA) presenting in the emergency department is equivalent to medical plus surgical therapy. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Southern California Permanente Medical Group (SCPMG). Subjects and Methods Upon successful completion of a prospective study comparing medical treatment (MT) to surgical treatment (ST) of PTA in 2008, MT was adopted by 12 SCPMG centers while 7 centers continued standard surgical drainage...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106885/outpatient-management-of-pediatric-acute-mastoiditis
#11
Ahmed Alkhateeb, Francis Morin, Haya Aziz, Mayuri Manogaran, William Guertin, Melanie Duval
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the Montreal Children's Hospital experience with outpatient management of uncomplicated acute mastoiditis with parenteral antibiotic therapy alone and determine if it is a safe alternative to inpatient management. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review of pediatric patients diagnosed with acute mastoiditis at a tertiary care pediatric hospital between 2013 and 2015 was performed. Patients with syndromes, immunodeficiency, cholesteatoma, chronic otitis media, cochlear implant in the affected ear, or incidental mastoid opacity were excluded...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106325/diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-and-shigella-with-high-rate-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-production-two-predominant-etiological-agents-of-acute-diarrhea-in-shiraz-iran
#12
Maneli Aminshahidi, Amir Arastehfar, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Esmayil Arman, Fereshteh Fani
This study was conducted to find the etiology of acute diarrhea in Iranian children and determine the antimicrobial resistance patterns. The pathogenic bacteria were recovered from 110/269 (40.9%) diarrheal fecal samples with the following profiles: the most predominant pathogen was diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) (43.6%), comprising enteroaggregative E. coli (23.6%), enteropathogenic E. coli (10.9%), enteroinvasive E. coli (5.5%), and enterotoxigenic E. coli (3.6%); Shigella spp. (37.3%), Salmonella spp...
November 6, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095181/intravenous-push-cephalosporin-antibiotics-in-the-emergency-department-a-practice-improvement-project
#13
Julie M McLaughlin, Robin A Scott, Stephanie L Koenig, Scott W Mueller
Delays in administration of appropriate antibiotics to patients with septic shock are associated with increased mortality. To improve the care of patients with sepsis within our 73-bed emergency department (ED), a "first-dose" intravenous push (IVP) cephalosporin antibiotic protocol was initiated. This project was aimed at improving the time from provider order of antibiotic to administration, which follows the Sepsis Core Measure of timely antibiotic administration.This was a single-center, retrospective analysis of a practice improvement study...
October 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090326/asian-patients-with-hinchey-ia-acute-diverticulitis-a-condition-for-the-ambulatory-setting
#14
Dedrick Kok Hong Chan, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis in Asians is a different disease entity from Western counterparts. Few Asian studies have evaluated the management of acute Hinchey Ia diverticulitis with consideration for outpatient management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Asian patients with Hinchey Ia acute diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who were treated for Hinchey Ia acute colonic diverticulitis between 2012 and 2014 was performed...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089731/to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-short-term-three-dose-perioperative-antibiotic-coverage-during-decisive-period-with-conventional-prolonged-postoperative-antibiotic-usage-in-clean-elective-surgical-cases-an-indian-perspective
#15
Sudhir Khichy, Baldev Singh, Manpreet Singh, Sukha Singh
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections are the most common postoperative complications and frequently cause morbidity and mortality. Different antibiotic regimens were evaluated as prophylaxis in wound infection following elective surgical procedures. Prophylactic antibiotics should be given to cover the "decisive period" which is a period after incision to mobilization of host defenses thus preventing an infection from developing. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to study the effectiveness of short-term antibiotic coverage during decisive period in the prevention of postoperative wound sepsis in clean surgical cases...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081626/ceftriaxone-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-case-series
#16
Rachel Amanda Lowe, Katie Elizabeth Barber, Jamie Leigh Wagner, Allison Miriam Bell-Harlan, Kayla Renay Stover
Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) causes 45% of S. aureus bloodstream infections (BSI) and is the most important cause of BSI-associated death. The standard of care therapy is an anti-staphylococcal penicillin or cefazolin, but dosing frequencies for these agents are often infeasible; multiple daily doses tie up infusion lines and are impractical for outpatient antibiotic infusion. Ceftriaxone represents a promising alternative, with once daily dosing and a short infusion time. Currently, treatment with ceftriaxone for invasive MSSA infections is infrequent, with minimal data supporting the clinical utility of ceftriaxone for MSSA BSI...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079976/bacterial-isolates-from-the-arctic-region-pasvik-river-norway-assessment-of-biofilm-production-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles
#17
Pasqualina Laganà, Ludovica Votano, Gabriella Caruso, Maurizio Azzaro, Angelina Lo Giudice, Santi Delia
Bacterial biofilm production is recognized as a strategy that helps aquatic bacteria in resisting to the presence of several kinds of pollutants, including antibiotics, in the bulk environment. The Pasvik River, located between Norway, Russia and Finland, is a sub-Arctic site polluted by wastes from metallurgic and mining activities. In order to study whether and to what extent bacteria are able to produce biofilms, and to assess whether this physiological characteristic influences their resistance to antibiotics, an investigation was performed on bacteria isolated from water and sediment collected along the Pasvik River course during two surveys (May and July)...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075502/an-optimized-spe-lc-ms-ms-method-for-antibiotics-residue-analysis-in-ground-surface-and-treated-water-samples-by-response-surface-methodology-central-composite-design
#18
Roya Mirzaei, Masoud Yunesian, Simin Nasseri, Mitra Gholami, Esfandiyar Jalilzadeh, Shahram Shoeibi, Hooshang Shafieyan Bidshahi, Alireza Mesdaghinia
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic residues are being constantly identified in environmental waters at low concentration. Growing concern has been expressed over the adverse environmental and human health effects even at low concentration. Hence, it is crucial to develop a multi-residues analytical method for antibiotics to generate a considerable dataset which are necessary in the assessment of aquatic toxicity of environmental waters for aquatic organisms and human health. This work aimed to develop a reliable and sensitive multi-residue method based on high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-MS)...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073269/nasal-carriage-rate-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-neisseria-meningitidis-in-healthy-ethiopian-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tinsae Alemayehu, Amha Mekasha, Tamrat Abebe
BACKGROUND: Community nasal meningococcal carriage rates are high across Africa. Meningococcal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the continent; especially among children and adolescents. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of nasal carriage and antibiotic susceptibilities of meningococcal isolates from healthy Ethiopian children and adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in one of the sub-cities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071814/extensively-drug-resistant-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-1642-carrying-an-incx3-plasmid-containing-the-blakpc-2-gene-associated-with-transposon-tn4401a
#20
Seri Jeong, Jung Ok Kim, Eun Jeong Yoon, Il Kwon Bae, Woonhyoung Lee, Hyukmin Lee, Yongjung Park, Kyungwon Lee, Seok Hoon Jeong
BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Enterobacteriaceae carrying the bla(KPC) gene have emerged as a major global therapeutic concern. The purpose of this study was to analyze the complete sequences of plasmids from KPC-2 carbapenemase-producing XDR Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 1642 isolates. METHODS: We performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PCR, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and whole-genome sequencing to characterize the plasmid-mediated KPC-2-producing E...
January 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
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