keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antibiotic treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346568/are-infection-specialists-recommending-short-antibiotic-treatment-durations-an-escmid-international-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Gabriel Macheda, Oliver J Dyar, Amandine Luc, Bojana Beovic, Guillaume Béraud, Bernard Castan, Rémy Gauzit, Philippe Lesprit, Pierre Tattevin, Nathalie Thilly, Céline Pulcini
Objectives: To evaluate the current practice and the willingness to shorten the duration of antibiotic therapy among infection specialists. Methods: Infection specialists giving at least weekly advice on antibiotic prescriptions were invited to participate in an online cross-sectional survey between September and December 2016. The questionnaire included 15 clinical vignettes corresponding to common clinical cases with favourable outcomes; part A asked about the antibiotic treatment duration they would usually advise to prescribers and part B asked about the shortest duration they were willing to recommend...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346538/vitamin-k5-is-an-efficient-photosensitizer-for-ultraviolet-a-light-inactivation-of-bacteria
#2
Fei Xu, Ying Li, Justen Ahmad, Yonggang Wang, Dorothy Scott, Jaroslav G Vostal
Photodynamic treatment combining light and a photosensitizer molecule can be an effective method to inactivate pathogenic bacteria. This study identified vitamin K5 as an efficient photosensitizer for ultraviolet light A (UVA)-induced bacterial inactivation. Six bacterial species, Bacillus cereus (vegetative form), Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and two species of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa* and Staphylococcus aureus*, were suspended in aqueous solutions with or without vitamin K5 and exposed to UVA irradiation...
January 15, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346118/mycobacterium-avium-complex-pulmonary-disease-new-epidemiology-and-management-concepts
#3
Leah Lande, Jason George, Theodore Plush
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)-related pulmonary disease has been increasing because of environmental factors, changes in organism virulence, and evolving host susceptibility. Treatment is often complicated by adverse effects, development of drug resistance, and refractory disease, with recurrence rates as high as 25-45%. RECENT FINDINGS: Aerosolization of water, soil, or dusts are the likely sources of MAC-related pulmonary disease in susceptible individuals...
January 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345756/clinical-intentions-of-antibiotics-prescribed-upon-discharge-to-hospice-care
#4
Sarah A Servid, Brie N Noble, Erik K Fromme, Jon P Furuno
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the clinical intentions for antibiotic prescribing upon discharge from acute care to hospice care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Five hundred forty-four-bed academic, acute-care, tertiary referral hospital in Portland, Oregon. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (≥18) who received an outpatient prescription for antibiotics on discharge from an acute care hospital to hospice care between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2011 (N = 149)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345080/environmental-adaptation-and-vertical-dissemination-of-esbl-pampc-producing-escherichia-coli-in-an-integrated-broiler-production-chain-in-the-absence-of-an-antibiotic-treatment
#5
Michaela Projahn, Katrin Daehre, Torsten Semmler, Sebastian Guenther, Uwe Roesler, Anika Friese
High prevalence numbers of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- (ESBL-)/plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase- (pAmpC-) producing Escherichia coli in broiler chicken and their distribution along the broiler production chain is an ongoing problem in food production. We, therefore, investigated resistant isolates along the broiler production chain to determine whether there is a constantly occurring direct vertical transmission of the ESBL-/pAmpC-producing E. coli from the parent flocks to their offspring or not...
January 17, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344982/experience-with-pharmacologic-leeching-with-bivalirudin-for-adjunct-treatment-of-venous-congestion-of-head-and-neck-reconstructive-flaps
#6
Aisha Harun, Rachel M Kruer, Andrew Lee, Kofi Boahene, Patrick J Byrne, Jeremy D Richmon
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review the feasibility of local bivalirudin injection for adjunct treatment of venous congestion of head and neck reconstructive flaps. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent bivalirudin treatment for venous congestion of head and neck reconstructive flaps in a single institution from September 1, 2012 to September 1, 2015 was undertaken. Individuals were treated with variable number of intradermal injections directly into the flap followed by a small skin incision to allow extended passive bleeding...
January 18, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344938/a-clinical-audit-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-uterine-artery-embolisation-for-symptomatic-adenomyosis-results-in-117-women
#7
Eisen Liang, Bevan Brown, Maxim Rachinsky
BACKGROUND: Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) is a possible uterine-sparing treatment option for women with unsuccessful conservative management for adenomyosis-related heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and dysmenorrhoea. AIM: To conduct a clinical audit on the efficacy and safety of UAE for symptomatic adenomyosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 309 women who underwent UAE identified 117 women with magnetic resonance imaging features of adenomyosis (junctional zone thickness ≥ 12 mm)...
January 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344916/the-acute-effects-of-erythromycin-and-oxytetracycline-on-enhanced-biological-phosphorus-removal-system-shift-in-bacterial-community-structure
#8
Zhetai Hu, Peide Sun, Jingyi Han, Ruyi Wang, Liang Jiao, Pengfei Yang, Jing Cai
Since extensive application, an increasing amount of antibiotics has been released into wastewater treatment plants. In this study, the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system was fed with synthetic wastewater containing erythromycin (ERY) and oxytetracycline (OTC) for 7 days to evaluate the variations of solution ortho-P (SOP), volatile fatty acid (VFA), poly-bhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), specific oxygen uptake rater (SOUR), and microbial community in the EBPR system. The obtained results showed that the P-removal efficiency decreased to 0...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344911/recurrent-infectious-subcapsular-renal-hematoma-accompanied-by-microaneurysm
#9
Toshikazu Ozeki, Junichiro Yamamoto, Shigeki Yamamoto, Chisato Shigematsu, Masashi Tsuji
An 80-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital complaining of loss of appetite. 10 days earlier, her oral intake gradually decreased with no other specific symptoms, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, or low back pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left subcapsular renal hematoma. We suspected infective subcapsular renal hematoma, so percutaneous needle aspiration and drainage were performed. Intravenous sulbactam-ampicillin was started immediately. On day 9 after admission, repeat CT scan revealed the subcapsular hematoma had reduced in size...
January 17, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344766/patient-reported-symptoms-before-palliative-radiotherapy-predict-survival-differences
#10
Carsten Nieder, Thomas A Kämpe, Adam Pawinski, Astrid Dalhaug
BACKGROUND: Widely used prognostic scores, e. g., for brain or bone metastases, are based on disease- and patient-related factors such as extent of metastases, age and performance status, which were available in the databases used to develop the scores. Few groups were able to include patient-reported symptoms. In our department, all patients were assessed with the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS, a one-sheet questionnaire addressing 11 major symptoms and wellbeing on a numeric scale of 0-10) at the time of treatment planning since 2012...
January 17, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344701/the-fate-of-immunocompromised-patients-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periprosthetic-joint-infection-a-single-centre-experience
#11
Baochao Ji, Xiaogang Zhang, Boyong Xu, Jiangdong Ren, Wentao Guo, Wenbo Mu, Li Cao
PURPOSE: Immunocompromised patients with periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) are rare and currently there are no reliable guidelines according to which these infections can be successfully managed. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical course of different strategies for treatment of PJI in frail patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis between 2004 and 2015 included 29 immunocompromised patients (13 hips and 16 knees) with chronic PJI who underwent one-stage revision or debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR)...
January 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344678/conservative-antibiotic-treatment-for-acute-uncomplicated-appendicitis-is-feasible
#12
Zvi Steiner, Genady Buklan, Michael Gutermacher, Ita Litmanovitz, Tal Landa, Shmuel Arnon
PURPOSE: Appendectomy versus conservative antibiotic treatment (CAT) for children with acute uncomplicated appendicitis (AUA) remains unresolved, with concerns regarding the practicality of CAT. We analyzed our center's experience with CAT for AUA, using a protocol with strict inclusion, exclusion and treatment criteria. METHODS: Non-randomized, prospective cohort study included all children admitted betwee 2014 and 2016, with clinical and laboratory tests suspicious for AUA...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344432/wt1-peptide-vaccine-in-montanide-in-contrast-to-poly-iclc-is-able-to-induce-wt1-specific-immune-response-with-tcr-clonal-enrichment-in-myeloid-leukemia
#13
Hongtao Liu, Yuanyuan Zha, Noura Choudhury, Gregory Malnassy, Noreen Fulton, Margaret Green, Jae-Hyun Park, Yusuke Nakamura, Richard A Larson, Andres M Salazar, Olatoyosi Odenike, Thomas F Gajewski, Wendy Stock
Background: The optimal strategy for vaccination to induce CD8+ T cell responses against WT1 is not known. Methods: A pilot randomized study in HLA-A02+ patients to receive vaccination with WT1 in Montanide or in poly ICLC, a TLR3 agonist, to explore the novel immune adjuvant was conducted. Seven patients were randomized. Four patients received WT1 in Montanide, and three with WT1 in poly ICLC. Five patients were in morphologic remission and two had residual morphologic disease at the study entry...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344325/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-associated-confluent-and-reticulated-papillomatosis-report-of-a-patient-successfully-treated-with-azithromycin
#14
Laura Paul Fite, Philip R Cohen
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common endocrine disorder with a variety of dermatologic manifestations among young women. Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis is a rare dermatosis of unknown etiology that is seldom reported in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome. We describe the case of a young woman with obesity, confluent and reticulated papillomatosis, and concurrent acanthosis nigricans. Her history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation led to the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344209/the-effect-of-royal-jelly-on-the-growth-of-breast-cancer-in-mice
#15
Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Geng, Songkun Su
Due to various pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, royal jelly (RJ) has been widely consumed in daily diets in numerous countries. In the present study, the effect of RJ on 4T1-bearing mice was investigated. The study was performed by feeding 4T1-bearing mice with RJ using either the prophylactic-therapeutic (PTRJ) or therapeutic (TRJ) method. The experimental results for the PTRJ group demonstrated that the weight of tumor was significantly reduced (RJ 0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343818/a-surfactant-polymer-dressing-potentiates-antimicrobial-efficacy-in-biofilm-disruption
#16
Piya Das Ghatak, Shomita S Mathew-Steiner, Priyanka Pandey, Sashwati Roy, Chandan K Sen
A 100% water-soluble surfactant polymer dressing (SPD) that is bio-compatible and non-ionic has been reported to improve wound closure in preliminary clinical studies. The mechanism of action of SPD in wound healing remains unclear. Biofilm infection is a significant problem that hinders proper wound closure. The objective of this study was to characterize the mechanism of action of SPD inhibition of bacterial biofilm development. Static biofilms (48 h) of the primary wound pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA01), Staphylococcus aureus (USA300) were grown on polycarbonate membranes and treated with SPD with and without antibiotics for an additional 24 h...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343684/mait-cell-clonal-expansion-and-tcr-repertoire-shaping-in-human-volunteers-challenged-with-salmonella-paratyphi%C3%A2-a
#17
Lauren J Howson, Giorgio Napolitani, Dawn Shepherd, Hemza Ghadbane, Prathiba Kurupati, Lorena Preciado-Llanes, Margarida Rei, Hazel C Dobinson, Malick M Gibani, Karen Wei Weng Teng, Evan W Newell, Natacha Veerapen, Gurdyal S Besra, Andrew J Pollard, Vincenzo Cerundolo
Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate-like T cells that can detect bacteria-derived metabolites presented on MR1. Here we show, using a controlled infection of humans with live Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A, that MAIT cells are activated during infection, an effect maintained even after antibiotic treatment. At the peak of infection MAIT cell T-cell receptor (TCR)β clonotypes that are over-represented prior to infection transiently contract. Select MAIT cell TCRβ clonotypes that expand after infection have stronger TCR-dependent activation than do contracted clonotypes...
January 17, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343506/how-to-use%C3%A2-procalcitonin
#18
Philip Robinson, Surjo Kiran De
Diagnosing bacterial infection in the unwell or febrile child is a common challenge faced by all paediatricians. Despite the advent of novel molecular techniques, there is ongoing need for diagnostic assays with adequate performance and turnaround time to facilitate safe clinical decision-making when bacterial sepsis is suspected, such as whether to commence empirical treatment with antibiotics. Procalcitonin is an established marker of infection that has a potential role in the diagnosis and exclusion of serious or invasive bacterial infection in neonates and children...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343313/eucalyptus-leaves-powder-antibiotic-and-probiotic-addition-to-broiler-diets-effect-on-growth-performance-immune-response-blood-components-and-carcass-traits
#19
H Mashayekhi, M Mazhari, O Esmaeilipour
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of eucalyptus powder (EP), virginiamycin and probiotic on performance, immunity, blood components and carcass traits of broiler chickens. A total of 250, 1-day-old male broiler chickens (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to five treatments with five replicates and 10 chicks each, as a completely randomized design. The dietary treatments consisted of: basal diet (BD), BD+0.25% EP, BD+0.5% EP, BD+0.01% of diet probiotic (Protexin), BD+0.02% of diet antibiotic (virginiamycin)...
January 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343141/novel-%C3%AE-lactam-%C3%AE-lactamase-inhibitors-versus-alternative-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-complicated-intra-abdominal-infection-and-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Mengmeng Chen, Minjie Zhang, Peixian Huang, Qiongyu Lin, Cheng Sun, Hongke Zeng, Yiyu Deng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of novel BL/BLIs with alternative antibiotics for the treatment of Complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) and complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI). METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials comparing novel β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors (BL/BLIs) with other antibiotics for the treatment of cIAI and cUTI. The primary outcome included clinical and microbiological treatment success...
January 18, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
keyword
keyword
16955
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"