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Anxiety and Stress

Abby L Braitman, Allison R Battles, Michelle L Kelley, Hannah C Hamrick, Robert J Cramer, Sarah Ehlke, Adrian J Bravo
Moral injury (MI) results from perpetration of or exposure to distressing events, known as morally injurious events (MIEs), that challenge moral beliefs and values. Due to the type of involvement in recent military conflicts, many veterans report MIEs that may cause dissonance and, in turn, MI. Although two existing measures assess MIEs, neither currently assesses the defining characteristics of MI (i.e., guilt, shame, difficulty forgiving self and others, and withdrawal). The present study reports the initial psychometric test of a modified version (Robbins, Kelley, Hamrick, Bravo, & White, 2017) of the Moral Injury Questionnaire - Military version (MIQ-M; Currier, Holland, Drescher, & Foy, 2015) in a sample of 328 military personnel (e...
December 2018: Traumatology
Abdul Ahad Khan, Anchal Srivastava, Deepak Passi, Manisha Devi, Lokesh Chandra, Mansi Atri
Aims and Objectives: Aims and objectives of the study were to study the effectiveness of Raj-yoga meditation and pranayama in patients with myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) and compared the effects with ongoing conventional noninvasive treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 30 patients divided equally (10 each) into 3 group, i.e., control group (conventional, noninvasive treatment), Experimental A group (conventional, noninvasive treatment with raj-yoga meditation therapy and pranayama), and Experimental B group (Raj-yoga meditation therapy and pranayama only)...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Monika Maria Małkiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Panna Gajdos, Adrien Rigó
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder with a prevalence of 7-21%. It has a negative impact on health-related quality of life and work productivity and it is associated with increased psychological distress and mental comorbidity, like major depression disorder and generalised anxiety disorder. Due to biopsychosocial factors and the brain-gut axis playing a key role in the aetiology of the disease, the use of psychological treatments has great importance in the therapy of irritable bowel syndrome...
December 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Dawson Church, Peta Stapleton, Phil Mollon, David Feinstein, Elizabeth Boath, David Mackay, Rebecca Sims
Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is an evidence-based method that combines acupressure with elements drawn from cognitive and exposure therapies. The approach has been validated in more than 100 clinical trials. Its efficacy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been investigated in a variety of demographic groups including war veterans, victims of sexual violence, the spouses of PTSD sufferers, motor accident survivors, prisoners, hospital patients, adolescents, and survivors of natural and human-caused disasters...
December 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Dan Denis, Giulia L Poerio, Sarah Derveeuw, Isabella Badini, Alice M Gregory
Exploding head syndrome is a sensory parasomnia characterized by the perception of loud noises and/or a sense of explosion in the head that occurs when transitioning to or from sleep. Despite receiving little attention from both researchers and clinicians, studies suggest that approximately 10%-15% of individuals have episodes, with significant levels of fear occurring in a subset of cases. Using two independent samples, we examine sleep and well-being variables associated with exploding head syndrome. We focused on insomnia symptoms, life stress, anxiety and depression symptoms, and sleep experiences such as sleep paralysis as potential factors associated with exploding head syndrome...
December 13, 2018: Sleep
Debra Lynch Kelly, Gee Su Yang, Angela R Starkweather, Uma Siangphoe, Paula Alexander-Delpech, Debra E Lyon
BACKGROUND: With a nearly 89% 5-year survival rate for women with early-stage breast cancer, symptoms are a priority. Healthy lifestyle behaviors may be temporally associated with symptoms; however, evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This research examined temporal relationships among healthy lifestyle behaviors and symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This research was part of a study (R01NR012667) approved by the institutional review board...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Pablo Ferreira-Chamorro, Alejandro Redondo, Gabriela Riego, Sergi Leánez, Olga Pol
Chronic neuropathic pain is associated with anxiety- and depressive-like disorders. Its treatment remains a serious clinical problem due to the lack of efficacy of the available therapeutic modalities. We investigated if the activation of the transcription factor Nrf2 could modulate the nociceptive and emotional disorders associated with persistent neuropathic pain and potentiated the analgesic activity of morphine. The possible mechanisms implicated in these effects have been also evaluated. Therefore, in C57BL/6 mice with neuropathic pain induced by the chronic constriction of the sciatic nerve (CCI), we assessed the antinociceptive, anxiolytic, and anti-depressant effects of the repeated intraperitoneal administration of a Nrf2 inducer, sulforaphane (SFN), and the effects of this treatment on the local antinociceptive actions of morphine...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Antonio V Aubry, Hameda Khandaker, Rebecca Ravenelle, Itamar S Grunfeld, Valentina Bonnefil, Kenny L Chan, Flurin Cathomas, Jia Liu, Glenn E Schafe, Nesha S Burghardt
Chronic exposure to stress is a well-known risk factor for the development of mood and anxiety disorders. Promoting resilience to stress may prevent the development of these disorders, but resilience-enhancing compounds are not yet clinically available. One compound that has shown promise in the clinical setting is curcumin, a polyphenol compound found in the rhizome of the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa) with known anti-inflammatory and antidepressant properties. Here, we tested the efficacy of 1.5% dietary curcumin at promoting resilience to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) in 129/SvEv mice, a strain that we show is highly susceptible to this type of stress...
December 12, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Lisbeth Iglesias-Rios, Siobán D Harlow, Sarah A Burgard, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a pervasive global crime with important public health implications that entail fundamental human rights violations in the form of severe exploitation, violence and coercion. Sex-specific associations between types of violence or coercion and mental illness in survivors of trafficking have not been established. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1015 female and male survivors of trafficking (adults, adolescents and children) who received post-trafficking assistance services in Cambodia, Thailand or Vietnam and had been exploited in various labor sectors...
December 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
Lena M C Andersson, Anders Hjern, Henry Ascher
BACKGROUND: Undocumented migrants (UMs) in Europe constitute a heterogeneous group. They are typically in a vulnerable and marginalised situation, since most of them have exhausted their options for gaining asylum and protection from war and persecution, many are traumatised and fear disclosure and deportation, and they typically lack basic social security. The present study investigates living conditions, access to human rights and mental health of UMs living in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with adult UMs was performed in the three largest cities in Sweden in 2014-2016...
December 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Bibian van der Voorn, Jonneke J Hollanders, Noera Kieviet, Koert M Dolman, Yolanda B de Rijke, Elisabeth F C van Rossum, Joost Rotteveel, Adriaan Honig, Martijn J J Finken
BACKGROUND: Hair glucocorticoids (GCs) offer a retrospective view on chronic GC exposure. We assessed whether maternal pre- and postnatal stress was associated with neonatal and maternal hair GCs postpartum (pp). METHODS: On the first day pp 172 mother-infant pairs donated hair, of whom 67 had consulted a centre of expertise for psychiatric disorders during pregnancy. Maternal stress was scored on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale during the first/second (n = 46), third trimester (n = 57), and pp (n = 172)...
December 12, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Émilie Dupret, Christine Bocéréan, Martine Feltrin, Élise Chemolle, Julie Lebon
OBJECTIVES: The study presents the French validation of the scale of Need for Recovery after work (Need for Recovery) as well as the average scores according to sex, age, occupation and branch of industry. METHOD: A representative sample of the French employees completed a questionnaire made up of the Need for Recovery Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. Analyses of internal consistency led us to withdraw an item from original scale; validity as well as discriminating quality were evaluated with the adequate analyses...
July 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Erika Kropf, Sabrina K Syan, Luciano Minuzzi, Benicio N Frey
Since the pioneering work of Penfield and his colleagues in the 1930s, the somatosensory cortex, which is located on the postcentral gyrus, has been known for its central role in processing sensory information from various parts of the body. More recently, a converging body of literature has shown that the somatosensory cortex also plays an important role in each stage of emotional processing, including identification of emotional significance in a stimulus, generation of emotional states, and regulation of emotion...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Balan Mahetab Shaikh, P P Doke, J S Gothankar
Adolescent population is the major demographic and economic force of a nation. Adolescent mental health not only affects overall health at present but also in future life. In this cross-sectional study, 461 rural adolescent students studying in Pune city and the rural area from a block in Nanded district, Maharashtra, were administered a prevalidated, pretested Marathi depression anxiety and stress scale-21 tool including correlated factors to assess the magnitude of depression, anxiety, and stress and its stressors...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Daniela Villani, Chiara Cognetta, Claudia Repetto, Silvia Serino, Davide Toniolo, Francesco Scanzi, Giuseppe Riva
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with increases in diagnoses at all ages. Due to several age-related factors, older breast cancer patients show particular difficulties in adjusting to breast cancer and its related treatments. One consistent indicator of vulnerability to long-term complications is emotional distress occurring within 3 months of diagnosis. Thus, it is critical to develop early interventions specifically aimed at mitigating distress and promoting emotional wellbeing in older breast cancer patients...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Vladimir N Babenko, Dmitry A Smagin, Anna G Galyamina, Irina L Kovalenko, Natalia N Kudryavtseva
BACKGROUND: Development of anxiety- and depression-like states under chronic social defeat stress in mice has been shown by many experimental studies. In this article, the differentially expressed Slc25* family genes encoding mitochondrial carrier proteins were analyzed in the brain of depressive (defeated) mice versus aggressive mice winning in everyday social confrontations. The collected samples of brain regions were sequenced at JSC Genoanalytica ( , Moscow, Russia)...
December 11, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
Karin Oechsle
Patients with hematologic malignancies (HM) nowadays rarely receive palliative or hospice care, and studies on potential effects of integrated palliative care are rare. This narrative review provides a comprehensive overview on their current end-of-life care, first data on integrated specialist palliative care (SPC) and potential barriers. Symptom burden and distress in patients with HM seem to be comparable to other cancer patients, but their performance status and specific symptoms are even worse. Prolongation of life usually remains the main focus until the last days or weeks of life...
December 12, 2018: Oncology Research and Treatment
Vasanti Jadva, Helen Prosser, Natalie Gamble
This study aimed to explore UK intending parent's reasons for cross-border and domestic surrogacy, their preparations for the birth and the practical and legal challenges faced after the birth. An online survey was completed by 203 participants, of which 132 had a child born through surrogacy, 33 were in the process of surrogacy and 38 were planning a surrogacy arrangement. The most common reason for pursuing surrogacy in the UK was wanting a relationship with the surrogate (43%; n = 17) and for conducting surrogacy in the USA was because of a better legal framework (97%; n = 60)...
December 11, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Yuko Kurushima, Ruth Bowyer, Mark Ide, Francis J Hughes, Claire J Steves
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with periodontal traits considering genetic and environmental background in predominantly older female twins. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires for periodontal traits in TwinsUK. Age-adjusted and age-stratified multivariate analyses were conducted for all twins. Subsequently, co-twin control analysis within genetically-identical twins who were discordant for periodontal traits was performed by controlling for genetic confounders...
December 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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