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Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Lotte H J M Lemmens, John R Keefe, Marcus J H Huibers, Robert J DeRubeis, Frenk P M L Peeters
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has a highly recurrent nature. After successful treatment, it is important to identify individuals who are at risk of an unfavorable long-term course. Despite extensive research, there is no consensus yet on the clinically relevant predictors of long-term outcome in MDD, and no prediction models are implemented in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to create a prognostic index (PI) to estimate long-term depression severity after successful and high quality acute treatment for MDD...
December 5, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Lucas De Francisco Carvalho, Giselle Pianowski, André Pereira Gonçalves
Dimensional literature reinforces the relevance of specific Dependent personality disorder (DPD) traits, as submissiveness, insecurity and avoidance of abandonment. In this paper we measured these traits through the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory-2 (IDCP-2). This study aims to verify the capacity of IDCP-2 factors to discriminate and predict DPD related symptoms. From a dataset with 4,503, a total of 305 people was divided in three groups: the community group (n = 200), the non-DPD group (N = 84), and the DPD group (n = 21)...
December 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Ulla-Sisko Lehto, Markku Ojanen, Anna Väkevä, Tadeusz Dyba, Arpo Aromaa, Pirkko Kellokumpu-Lehtinen
PURPOSE: The constructs evaluated in investigating association between psychosocial factors and cancer survival has varied between studies, and factors related to quality of life (QOL) have shown contradictory results. We investigated the effect of socioeconomic and early QOL and psychological factors on disease-free time and survival in localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A consecutive sample of patients with localized prostate cancer (T1-3, N0, M0) treated with external beam radiotherapy completed validated questionnaires on coping with cancer (the Ways of Coping Questionnaire WOC-CA), anger expression (the Anger Expression Scale), life events (the Life Experience Survey), and various aspects of QOL (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist, the Depression Scale DEPS, the EORTC QLQ-C30, the LENT-SOMA outcome measure) approximately 4...
December 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Jessica M LaCroix, Kanchana U Perera, Laura Neely, Geoffrey Grammer, Jennifer Weaver, Laura A Novak, Victoria Colborn, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with a recent suicidal crisis are typically admitted for inpatient psychiatric care. However, targeted inpatient interventions for suicide prevention remain sparse. Thus, this pilot randomized controlled trial evaluated a brief inpatient cognitive behavioral protocol, Post-Admission Cognitive Therapy (PACT) for the prevention of suicide. METHODS: United States service members and beneficiaries (N = 24) psychiatrically hospitalized at a military medical center due to a recent suicidal crisis were randomized to receive either PACT plus Enhanced Usual Care (PACT + EUC) or EUC alone...
November 27, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
Adina C Rusu, Hannah Gajsar, Michael-Christian Schlüter, Yara-Inken Bremer
OBJECTIVES: Information processing biases such as attentional biases, interpretation biases and memory biases are supposed to play a role in the exacerbation and maintenance of chronic pain. Current research in the area of cognitive biases shows that all these biases seem to have an influence on attention to, interpretation of and recall of pain and can lead to maladaptive strategies and the exacerbation of pain. METHODS: We conducted a narrative literature review, considering evidence extracted from various databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, Science Direct and ProQuest...
November 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
P Miller, L Brook, N J Stomski, G Ditchburn, P Morrison
This study examines the association between suicide risk and social support in Australian resource sector employees. We included 150 participants, who completed the Beck Hopelessness Scale and MOS-Social Support Survey. Data were analyzed using smallest space analysis and multidimensional scalogram analysis. The analysis identified four distinct regions, which were conceptualized as "confiding," "affection," "companionship," and "practical help." All of these components of social support were associated with hopelessness, which has important clinical implications as hopelessness is related to suicide risk...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Rachel Dias Lopes da Rosa, José Pedro Simões-Neto, Raquel Luiza Santos, Bianca Torres, Maria Alice Tourinho Baptista, Nathália Ramos Santos Kimura, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the resilience of caregivers of people with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease (PwAD) and the related sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of dyads of PwAD and family caregivers (N = 106). Caregivers were assessed for resilience, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, quality of life, burden and cognition. PwAD were assessed for severity of dementia, cognition, neuropsychiatric symptoms, functionality, quality of life and awareness of disease...
November 30, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Fatih Arslan, Emre Aydemir, Yavuz Selim Kaya, Hasan Arslan, Abdullah Durmaz
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a hearing loss of >30 dB in at least three consecutive frequencies that occurs in 3 days. The aim of this study was to investigate anxiety and depression caused by sudden, idiopathic, one-sided hearing loss. The levels of anxiety and depression in patients with this type of hearing loss were determined using the Beck Anxiety Scale (BAS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) at the time of the patient's first visit. In total, 56 patients (32 men and 24 women) with a mean age of 32...
October 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential links between facets of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation to components of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability) among U.S. military personnel. METHOD: The current study performed secondary data analysis from a randomized control trial testing the efficacy of a cognitive therapy for 134 service members (71.64% male, 68.66% Caucasian; mean age: 30...
November 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Paulo Roberto Lima Falcão do Vale, Sheila Cerqueira, Hudson P Santos, Beth P Black, Evanilda Souza de Santana Carvalho
The rapidly increasing number of cases of Zika virus and limited understanding of its congenital sequelae (e.g., microcephaly) led to stories of fear and uncertainty across social media and other mass communication networks. In this study, we used techniques generic to netnography, a form of ethnography, using Internet-based computer-mediated communications as a source of data to understand the experience and perceptions of families with infants diagnosed with Zika-related microcephaly. We screened 27 YouTube™ videos published online between October 2015 and July 2016, during which the Zika epidemic started, peaked, and declined...
November 18, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
Xianchen Liu, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Ze-Ying Wang, Yanyun Yang, Bao-Peng Liu, Cun-Xian Jia
Study objectives: Daytime sleepiness is associated with poor daytime functioning and adverse cognitive and emotional consequences, such as impaired decision-making and increased impulsivity. Little is known about the association between daytime sleepiness and suicidal behaviors. This study examined the prospective relationship between daytime sleepiness and suicidal behaviors, including suicidal thought (ST), suicide plan (SP), and suicide attempt (SA), in a large sample of adolescents...
November 16, 2018: Sleep
Laura D Crocker, Amber V Keller, Sarah M Jurick, Jessica Bomyea, Chelsea C Hays, Elizabeth W Twamley, Amy J Jak
OBJECTIVES: Suicidal ideation (SI) is highly prevalent in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and multiple mTBIs impart even greater risk for poorer neuropsychological functioning and suicidality. However, little is known about the cognitive mechanisms that may confer increased risk of suicidality in this population. Thus, we examined relationships between neuropsychological functioning and suicidality and specifically whether lifetime mTBI burden would moderate relationships between cognitive functioning and suicidal ideation...
November 16, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Galit Zeluf-Andersson, Lars E Eriksson, Lena Nilsson Schönnesson, Jonas Höijer, Peter Månehall, Anna Mia Ekström
Sweden has one of the best HIV treatment outcomes in the world and an estimated 95% of all diagnosed people living with HIV are virally suppressed, but the quality of life (QoL) is understudied. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between variables within sociodemographic, behavioural, clinical, psychological, sexual life, social support and personal resource component and the QoL of people living with HIV in Sweden. Data were derived from a cross-sectional, nation-wide survey completed by 15% (n = 1096) of all people living with HIV and collected at 15 infectious disease clinics and 2 needle exchange sites during 2014...
November 16, 2018: AIDS Care
Annie Verschueren, Gilda Kianimehr, Carole Belingher, Emmanuelle Salort-Campana, Anderson Loundou, Aude-Marie Grapperon, Shahram Attarian
OBJECTIVE: In Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), disease severity, ineffective treatment, and increasing dependence on caregivers may give rise to hopelessness and suicidal ideation among patients. In clinical practice, the desire for death among patients with ALS often accompanies the desire to live and fear of death. Thus, we decided to study suicidal ideation among patients with ALS and examine protective factors and reasons for living. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational cohort study that recruited patients during routine visits to the outpatient multidisciplinary reference center for ALS...
November 15, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Alem Gebremariam, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Selamawit Hirpa, Abigiya Wondimagegnehu, Mirgissa Kaba, Mathewos Assefa, Israel Mitiku, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Ahmedin Jemal, Adamu Addissie
BACKGROUND: Rapid Ethical Assessment (REA) is an approach used to design context tailored consent process for voluntary participation of participants in research including human subjects. There is, however, limited evidence on the design of ethical assessment in studies targeting cancer patients in Ethiopia. REA was conducted to explore factors that influence the informed consent process among female cancer patients recruited for longitudinal research from Addis Ababa Population-based Cancer Registry...
November 14, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
Wojciech Krajewski, Małgorzata Mazur, Adrian Poterek, Agata Pastuszak, Urszula Halska, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Joanna Rymaszewska, Romuald Zdrojowy
Purpose: According to the European Association of Urology bladder cancer is the seventh most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the world's male population. Despite its high incidence, papers evaluating psychological state in those patients' group are lacking. The purpose of the study was to evaluate pain management, disease acceptance, and adjustment to cancer in homogenous group of patients diagnosed with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Methods: Group of 252 male patients who were scheduled for NMIBC treatment were prospectively evaluated...
2018: BioMed Research International
T Hasegawa, S Hayashida, E Kondo, Y Takeda, H Miyamoto, Y Kawaoka, N Ueda, E Iwata, H Nakahara, M Kobayashi, S Soutome, S I Yamada, I Tojyo, Y Kojima, M Umeda, S Fujita, H Kurita, Y Shibuya, T Kirita, T Komori
Root amputation, immunosuppressive therapy, mandibular tooth extraction, pre-existing inflammation, and longer duration of treatment with bone-modifying agents were significantly associated with an increased risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Hopeless teeth should be extracted without drug holiday before the development of inflammation in cancer patients receiving high-dose bone-modifying agents. INTRODUCTION: No studies have comprehensively analyzed the influence of pre-existing inflammation, surgical procedure-related factors such as primary wound closure, demographic factors, and drug holiday on the incidence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)...
November 7, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Susan Kelly-Weeder, Barbara E Wolfe
PURPOSE: Extreme weight loss behaviors (EWLBs) pose a serious health risk to adolescents. Studies suggest a link between EWLBs and other health-compromising behaviors. Extending these findings, this study examines correlates of EWLB in a predominantly minority adolescent population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of EWLB data from adolescents in an inner city pediatric emergency department was conducted. The sample (n = 3,876) included 60% African-American, 20% Hispanic, 16% Caucasian, and 4% Asian-Pacific Islander individuals...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Fabrice Jollant, Géraldine Voegeli, Nolan C Kordsmeier, Jessica M Carbajal, Stéphane Richard-Devantoy, Gustavo Turecki, Ricardo Cáceda
OBJECTIVE: Psychological pain lies at the heart of human experience. However, it may also be abnormally intense and/or prolonged in pathological states, with negative outcomes. A simple and reliable measure of psychological pain for clinical use would be useful. In this study, we present a preliminary validation of a simple visual analog scale jointly measuring psychological and physical pain. METHODS: Two samples of adult (non elderly) depressed patients and healthy controls were independently recruited in two locations in Canada and the USA (N = 46/48 and 200/20, respectively)...
November 1, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Craig J Bryan, Alexis M May, Julia Harris
Cross-sectional and retrospective studies indicate that a primary motive for suicidal behavior among United States soldiers is the desire to alleviate or reduce emotional distress. This is also the aim of psychological services designed to prevent suicidal behavior. The prospective association of emotion relief (and other) motives with future suicidal behavior has yet to be examined, however. In a high-risk sample of 97 active duty soldiers presenting for an emergency behavioral health appointment, suicide motives were examined and compared between those with and without a history of suicide attempts...
November 1, 2018: Psychological Services
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