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Sexuality cancer

Rieky E G Dikmans, Tim C van de Grift, Mark-Bram Bouman, Andrea L Pusic, Margriet G Mullender
While sexual health is an important aspect of quality of life, sexual issues usually go unaddressed during patient-provider communication. Breast cancer treatments and specifically breast surgery impact women's sexual well-being. However, women do not receive adequate information on this subject. Women who underwent prophylactic mastectomy and breast reconstruction invariably reported that they had underestimated the impact of mastectomy and reconstruction on their sexuality, and expressed a need for information and creating realistic expectations pertaining to sexuality...
December 6, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Jennifer Barsky Reese, Kristen A Sorice, Natalie M Oppenheimer, Katherine Clegg Smith, Sharon L Bober, Elissa T Bantug, Sharon C Schwartz, Laura S Porter
Recruitment challenges hinder behavioral intervention research in cancer survivors. The purpose was to examine the reasons for declining and intervention preferences of study-eligible breast cancer survivors declining a trial of a four-session couple-based Intimacy Enhancement intervention (refusers) and explore whether refusers differed from participants on key characteristics. Partnered, post-treatment breast cancer survivors reporting sexual concerns who were eligible for but declined participation in the intervention trial were approached to complete a standardized 5-min telephone survey assessing reasons for declining and support preferences...
December 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Kitty Galiger-Dobos, Ferenc Túry
Common gynecological complications of various eating disorders include infertility, unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, sexual dysfunction and complications in the treatment of gynecological cancers. Women with eating disorders typically see their gynecologists because of menstrual and other endocrine disorders or unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms, and often report on psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression or decreased libido). In spite of anovulation, menstruation may occur and ovulation without menstruation may be possible, which may lead to an increased incidence of unwanted pregnancies in case of prior or current eating disorders...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Bryce B Reeve, Mian Wang, Kevin Weinfurt, Kathryn E Flynn, Deborah S Usinger, Ronald C Chen
BACKGROUND: There are multiple treatment options for men with localized prostate cancer that provide similar curative efficacy but differ in their impact on sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Sexual Function and Satisfaction (SexFS) measures, including items from versions 1 and 2 of the short forms. METHODS: A population-based cohort of men across North Carolina completed surveys via phone interviews at baseline (prior to treatment) and at 3, 12, and 24 months after cancer treatment initiation...
December 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Christina Hunter Chapman, Gerard Heath, Pamela Fairchild, Mitchell B Berger, Daniela Wittmann, Shitanshu Uppal, Anagha Tolpadi, Katherine Maturen, Shruti Jolly
PURPOSE: Following radiation therapy (RT), women with gynecologic malignancies report high rates of sexual dysfunction, but little is known regarding sexual health communication between these patients and health-care providers. This study assessed these patients' beliefs/attitudes toward providers' sexual history taking. METHODS: Surveys were administered to women who presented for follow-up care for gynecologic cancers in an academic radiation oncology department...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Márcia Rodrigues Trein, Lígia Rodrigues E Oliveira, Graziela Vargas Rigo, Mayara Aparecida Rocha Garcia, Brenda Petro-Silveira, Danielle da Silva Trentin, Alexandre José Macedo, Luis Octávio Regasini, Tiana Tasca
Trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease worldwide and can lead to serious consequences in reproductive health, cancer, and HIV acquisition. The current approved treatment present adverse effects and drug resistance data on this neglected parasitic infection is underestimated. Chalcones are a family of molecules that present biological applications, such as activity against many pathogenic organisms including protozoan pathogens. Chalcone (1) and three amino-analogues (2-4) were synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction and had their activity evaluated against the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis...
December 7, 2018: Parasitology Research
Syed M Nazim, Mohamed Fawzy, Christian Bach, M Hammad Ather
Decision-making in the management of organ-confined prostate cancer is complex as it is based on multi-factorial considerations. It is complicated by a multitude of issues, which are related to the patient, treatment, disease, availability of equipment(s), expertise, and physicians. Combination of all these factors play a major role in the decision-making process and provide for an interactive decision-making preferably in the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meeting. MDT decisions are comprehensive and are often based on all factors including patients' biological status, disease and its aggressiveness, and physician and centres' expertise...
December 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Roman Sosnowski, Jan Karol Wolski, Urszula Ziętalewicz, Michał Szymański, Robert Bakuła, Tomasz Demkow
Background: Surgery is the standard treatment for organ-restricted penile cancer, but it is also a disfiguring procedure that can profoundly affect quality of life. Using a survey, in this study we assessed the effect of different surgical invasiveness on satisfaction in selected life domains of patients who underwent penile-sparing surgery and partial penectomy. Methods: Forty patients who underwent penile-sparing surgery (n=13) or partial penectomy (n=27) were enrolled in the study. The response rate was 71%...
December 12, 2018: Sexual Health
S Paige Hertweck, David H Rothstein
The transition from adolescence to young adulthood in patients with reproductive health care needs such as disorders of sexual development (DSDs) and congenital anomalies is a complex process occurring over several years. The transition process for these patients has is still poorly understood. The patients with DSDs and reproductive issues have specific and unique issues regarding timing of disclosure of diagnosis, genital examinations, gonadectomy, vaginal treatments, surgical procedures hormone replacement therapy, use of long term medication and potential cancer screening...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Dean S Elterman, Anika R Petrella, Brandon Van Asseldonk, Leah Jamnicky, Gerald B Brock, Stacy Elliott, Antonio Finelli, Lauren M Walker, Jerzy B Gajewski, Keith A Jarvi, John Robinson, Janet Ellis, Shaun Shepherd, Hossein Saadat, Andrew Matthew
INTRODUCTION: The present descriptive analysis carried out by a pan-Canadian panel of expert healthcare practitioners (HCPs) summarizes best practices for erectile rehabilitation following prostate cancer (PCa) treatment. This algorithm was designed to support an online sexual health and rehabilitation e-clinic (SHARe-Clinic), which provides biomedical guidance and supportive care to Canadian men recovering from PCa treatment. The implications of the algorithm may be used inform clinical practice in community settings...
December 3, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Nicola L Bragazzi, Charlie Bridgewood, Kassem Sharif, Mohamad Kamal, Howard Amital, Abdulla Watad, Yehuda Shoenfeld
If not properly treated, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may evolve from a common sexually transmitted disease to genital warts and cervical cancer. Various prophylactic HPV vaccines (HPVv), approved to reduce the incidence of the infection, have been found to be effective and safe; however, accounts of post-vaccination autoimmune phenomena, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), have been reported in genetically susceptible individuals. Areas covered: Infectious agents play a role in breaking the immunologic tolerance to self-antigens, resulting in autoimmune events...
December 10, 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
Joel J Heidelbaugh
The adult well-male examination should provide evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being. The medical history should focus on tobacco and alcohol use, risk of human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and diet and exercise habits. The physical examination should include blood pressure screening, and height and weight measurements to calculate body mass index. Lipid screening is performed in men 40 to 75 years of age; there is insufficient evidence for screening younger men...
December 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Jasmin Kuratli, Theresa Pesch, Hanna Marti, Cory Ann Leonard, Christian Blenn, Paul Torgerson, Nicole Borel
Chlamydia trachomatis is the major cause of infectious blindness and represents the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Considering the potential side effects of antibiotic therapy and increasing threat of antibiotic resistance, alternative therapeutic strategies are needed. Previous studies showed that water filtered infrared A alone (wIRA) or in combination with visible light (wIRA/VIS) reduced C. trachomatis infectivity. Furthermore, wIRA/VIS irradiation led to secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines similar to that observed upon C...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Hasan Naz, Levent Aslan, Gülden Sönmez Tamer, Canan Naz
Myiasis; is defined as the infestation of dead or living tissues of humans and animals by the diptera larvae. It is prevalent all over the world, especially in tropical and subtropical countries with low socioeconomic status. Myiasis of humans has been associated with low socioeconomic status, alcoholism, mental or neurological diseases, poor personal hygiene, patients with varicose veins, diabetes, malnutrition, advanced stage cancer, pediculosis, immunosuppression, sexually transmitted disease, gingivitis and other oral cavity lesions...
October 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Kylie-Ann Mallitt, David P Wilson, James Jansson, Ann McDonald, Handan Wand, Jeffrey J Post
BACKGROUND: Treatment as prevention approaches for HIV require optimal HIV testing strategies to reduce undiagnosed HIV infections. In most settings, HIV testing strategies still result in unacceptably high rates of missed and late diagnoses. This study aimed to identify clinical opportunities for targeted HIV testing in persons at risk to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia; and to assess the duration between the diagnosis of specific conditions and HIV diagnosis...
2018: PloS One
Jason J Ong, Sandra Walker, Andrew Grulich, Jennifer Hoy, Tim Rh Read, Catriona Bradshaw, Marcus Chen, Suzanne M Garland, Richard Hillman, David J Templeton, Jane Hocking, Beng Eu, Bian Kiem Tee, Eric P F Chow, Christopher K Fairley
INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV have a high risk of anal cancer, which is often detected at late stages, when morbidity and mortality are high. The objective of this study was to describe the feasibility and challenges to incorporating regular digital anorectal examination (DARE) into routine HIV care for MSM living with HIV, from the perspective of patients, physicians and the health service. METHODS: In 2014, we recruited 327 MSM living with HIV, aged 35 and above from one major sexual health centre (n = 187), two high HIV caseload general practices (n = 118) and one tertiary hospital (n = 22) in Melbourne, Australia...
December 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Karolina Lisy, Andrew Ward, Penelope Schofield, Nicholas Hulbert-Williams, Jim Bishop, Michael Jefford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jessica L Conway, Rachel Gerber, Kathy Han, Haiyan Jiang, Jason Xie, Akbar Beiki-Ardakani, Anthony Fyles, Michael Milosevic, Deborah Williamson, Jennifer Croke
PURPOSE: The treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer with definitive chemoradiation (CRT) is associated with vaginal toxicity and altered sexual satisfaction. This prospective study assessed patient-reported sexual adjustment, vaginal dosimetry, and physician-reported vaginal toxicity in patients with cervical cancer treated with CRT and MR-guided brachytherapy (BT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2010, International Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetricians stage IB-IVA patients with cervical cancer receiving definitive CRT were enrolled in a feasibility study assessing MR-guided BT...
November 30, 2018: Brachytherapy
Nnenaya Q Agochukwu, Ted A Skolarus, Daniela Wittmann
Prostate cancer survivors have unique needs that encompass diagnosis and treatment-related side effects. The provision of services for prostate cancer survivors is often limited by resources, time constraints in traditional clinic visits, payment, and patient and provider comfort with discussion of sensitive topics including sexual and urinary health, both of which are largely impacted by treatment. Telemedicine, the remote delivery of health care services using telephone, mobile, web, and video platforms, allows for potential cost savings, in addition to ease and comfort as patients can engage in telemedicine-based resources in the comfort of their homes...
2018: MHealth
Umme K Rima, Abu S M Bari, Mohammad Z Hossain, Mohammad A H Khan
Background: Prostate hyperplasia and neoplasia are major illness of men and elderly dogs. Treatment of prostate cancer requires androgen deprivation surgery or therapy to prevent metastases and alleviate pain. Recently, six DNA vaccines have entered clinical trials against prostate cancer in humans with limited success. There is a need for new therapies that delay the establishment of malignancy and prolong survival. Materials and methods: A plasmid DNA vaccine coding for eight gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH-I) interspersed in eight T-helper epitopes was used...
December 2018: Prostate International
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