keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mdm2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811661/myst2-kat7-histone-acetyltransferase-interaction-proteomics-reveals-tumour-suppressor-niam-as-a-novel-binding-partner-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#1
Mercedes Pardo, Lu Yu, Shihpei Shen, Peri Tate, Daniel Bode, Blake L Letney, Dawn E Quelle, William Skarnes, Jyoti S Choudhary
MYST histone acetyltransferases have crucial functions in transcription, replication and DNA repair and are hence implicated in development and cancer. Here we characterise Myst2/Kat7/Hbo1 protein interactions in mouse embryonic stem cells by affinity purification coupled to mass spectrometry. This study confirms that in embryonic stem cells Myst2 is part of H3 and H4 histone acetylation complexes similar to those described in somatic cells. We identify a novel Myst2-associated protein, the tumour suppressor protein Niam (Nuclear Interactor of ARF and Mdm2)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807825/usp3-stabilizes-p53-protein-through-its-deubiquitinase-activity
#2
Song Fu, Shize Shao, Longqiang Wang, Haijun Liu, Haitao Hou, Yanan Wang, Huan Wang, Xiangpeng Huang, Renhua Lv
p53 is the guardian of the genome integrity and the degradation of p53 protein is mediated by MDM2. Here we report that USP3 interacts with p53 and regulates p53 stability. Depletion of USP3 lead to accelerated degradation of p53 in normal cells thereby enhanced cell proliferation and transformation. Reconstitution of wildtype USP3, but not the USP3 C168S mutant, restored the stability of p53 protein and inhibited cell proliferation and transformation. These findings suggest that USP3 is an important regulator of p53 and regulates normal cell transformation...
August 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807343/anisometric-cell-lipoma-insight-from-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature-on-adipocytic-neoplasms-in-survivors-of-retinoblastoma-suggest-a-role-for-rb1-loss-and-possible-relationship-to-fat-predominant-fat-only-spindle-cell-lipoma
#3
Abbas Agaimy
The term "anisometric cell lipoma" (ACL) has been proposed recently by Evans for a lipoma variant characterized by striking variation in size and shape of adipocytes but little or no cytological atypia. One patient with multiple ACL had a history of retinoblastoma. The current study analyzed six patients with ACL (4 males and two females aged 34 to 87years; median, 58); all seen in consultation. Five patients presented with solitary and one with multiple subcutaneous masses measuring 5 to 9cm (median, 7.5cm)...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806397/mdm2-promotes-cdc25c-protein-degradation-and-delays-cell-cycle-progression-through-the-g2-m-phase
#4
L E Giono, L Resnick-Silverman, L A Carvajal, S St Clair, J J Manfredi
Upon different types of stress, the gene encoding the mitosis-promoting phosphatase Cdc25C is transcriptionally repressed by p53, contributing to p53's enforcement of a G2 cell cycle arrest. In addition, Cdc25C protein stability is also decreased following DNA damage. Mdm2, another p53 target gene, encodes a ubiquitin ligase that negatively regulates p53 levels by ubiquitination. Ablation of Mdm2 by siRNA led to an increase in p53 protein and repression of Cdc25C gene expression. However, Cdc25C protein levels were actually increased following Mdm2 depletion...
August 14, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805696/licochalcone-a-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-human-lung-cancer-cell-lines-a549-and-h460-by-inducing-g2-m-cell-cycle-arrest-and-er-stress
#5
Chenyu Qiu, Tingting Zhang, Wenxin Zhang, Lina Zhou, Bin Yu, Wei Wang, Zhihong Yang, Zhiguo Liu, Peng Zou, Guang Liang
Licochalcone A (LicA), a flavonoid isolated from the famous Chinese medicinal herb Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, has wide spectrum of pharmacological activities. In this study, the anti-cancer effects and potential mechanisms of LicA in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells were studied. LicA decreased cell viability and induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in NSCLC cells. LicA inhibited lung cancer cells growth by blocking cell cycle progression at the G2/M transition and inducing apoptosis. LicA treatment decreased the expression of MDM2, Cyclin B1, Cdc2 and Cdc25C in H460 and A549 cancer cell lines...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802167/induction-of-senescence-in-cancer-cells-by-5-aza-2-deoxycytidine-bioinformatics-and-experimental-insights-to-its-targets
#6
Jayarani F Putri, Nashi Widodo, Kazuichi Sakamoto, Sunil C Kaul, Renu Wadhwa
5'-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC) is a demethylating drug that causes genome-wide hypomethylation resulting in the expression of several tumor suppressor genes causing growth arrest of cancer cells. Cancer is well established as a multifactorial disease and requires multi-module therapeutics. Search for new drugs and their approval by FDA takes a long time. Keeping this in view, research on new functions of FDA-approved anticancer drugs is desired to expand the list of multi-module functioning drugs for cancer therapy...
August 2, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800790/mir-641-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-by-targeting-mdm2-in-human-lung-cancer
#7
Qinglong Kong, Nan Shu, Jun Li, Ning Xu
Lung cancer is the leading cause of deaths due to cancer. Studies suggest important role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cancer, including lung cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the role of miR-641 in human lung cancer A549 cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot was used to measure the mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Cell viability and cell apoptosis were respectively measured by MTT assay and flow cytometry. Besides, luciferase activity assay was used to identify the target of miR-641...
August 11, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800455/in%C3%A2-vitro-targeting-of-colon-cancer-cells-using-spiropyrazoline-oxindoles
#8
Rute C Nunes, Carlos J A Ribeiro, Ângelo Monteiro, Cecília M P Rodrigues, Joana D Amaral, Maria M M Santos
We report on the synthesis and biological evaluation of a library of twenty-three spiropyrazoline oxindoles. The antiproliferative activity of the chemical library was evaluated in HCT-116 p53((+/+)) human colon cancer cell line with eight derivatives displaying good activities (IC50<15 μM). To characterize the molecular mechanisms involved in compound antitumoral activity, two spiropyrazoline oxindoles were selected for further studies. Both compounds were able to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase and upregulated p53 steady-state levels, while decreasing its main inhibitor MDM2...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798142/accumulation-of-smooth-muscle-22%C3%AE-protein-accelerates-senescence-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-stabilization-of-p53-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Sui-Bing Miao, Xiao-Li Xie, Ya-Juan Yin, Li-Li Zhao, Fan Zhang, Ya-Nan Shu, Rong Chen, Peng Chen, Li-Hua Dong, Yan-Ling Lin, Pin Lv, Dan-Dan Zhang, Xi Nie, Zhen-Ying Xue, Mei Han
OBJECTIVE: Smooth muscle (SM) 22α, an actin-binding protein, displays an upregulated expression as a marker during cellular senescence. However, the causal relationship between SM22α and senescence is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of SM22α in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). APPROACH AND RESULTS: We prepared a model of VSMC senescence induced by Ang II and found that the expression of SM22α in VSMCs was increased in response to chronic Ang II treatment...
August 10, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797774/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-antitumor-spirotetrahydrothiopyran-oxindole-derivatives-as-potent-p53-mdm2-inhibitors
#10
Changjin Ji, Shengzheng Wang, Shuqiang Chen, Shipeng He, Yan Jiang, Zhenyuan Miao, Jian Li, Chunquan Sheng
p53-MDM2 protein-protein interaction is a promising target for novel antitumor drug development. Previously, we identified a new class of spirotetrahydrothiopyran-oxindole p53-MDM2 inhibitors by novel organocatalytic enantioselective cascade reactions. Herein, a series of new derivatives were designed, synthesized and assayed to investigate the structure-activity relationships. Among them, compound B14 bearing a novel spiroindole-thiopyranopyridone scaffold exhibited potent MDM2 inhibitory activity as well as antitumor activity, which could effectively induce the apoptosis of A549 cancer cells...
July 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794641/mdm2-promoter-del1518-polymorphism-and-cancer-risk-evidence-from-22-931-subjects
#11
Wenfeng Hua, Anqi Zhang, Ping Duan, Jinhong Zhu, Yuan Zhao, Jing He, Zhi Zhang
Studies have shown that single-nucleotide polymorphisms in MDM2 gene may play important roles in the development of malignant tumor. The association of del1518 polymorphism (rs3730485) in the MDM2 promoter with cancer susceptibility has been extensively studied; however, the results are contradictory. To quantify the association between this polymorphism and overall cancer risk, we conducted a meta-analysis with 12,905 cases and 10,026 controls from 16 eligible studies retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and Chinese Biomedical (CBM) databases...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783173/synergistic-activity-and-heterogeneous-acquired-resistance-of-combined-mdm2-and-mek-inhibition-in-kras-mutant-cancers
#12
A N Hata, S Rowley, H L Archibald, M Gomez-Caraballo, F M Siddiqui, F Ji, J Jung, M Light, J S Lee, L Debussche, S Sidhu, R I Sadreyev, J Watters, J A Engelman
There are currently no effective targeted therapies for KRAS mutant cancers. Therapeutic strategies that combine MEK inhibitors with agents that target apoptotic pathways may be a promising therapeutic approach. We investigated combining MEK and MDM2 inhibitors as a potential treatment strategy for KRAS mutant non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) and colorectal carcinomas that harbor wild-type TP53. The combination of pimasertib (MEK inhibitor) and SAR405838 (MDM2 inhibitor) was synergistic and induced the expression of PUMA and BIM, led to apoptosis and growth inhibition in vitro, and tumor regression in vivo...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781817/association-between-mdm2-snp309-and-p53r72p-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-in-the-mongolian-population
#13
Shiirevnyamba Avirmed, Bo-Shen Wang, Baasansuren Selenge, Amarsaikhan Sanjaajamts, Batmunkh Ganbat, Ulziisaikhan Erdenebileg, Myagmarsuren Purevsuren, Sarantsetseg Jigjidsuren, Munkhbat Batmunkh, Yi-Jang Lee
The current study aims to investigate whether MDM2-SNP309 and p53R72P polymorphisms were associated with the risk of bladder cancer in Mongolian populations. These polymorphisms were evaluated in 79 controls and 63 bladder cancer cases using a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay, followed by analysis using multivariate logistic regression model and the Kaplan-Meier model to determine the odds ratio (OR) and age at onset of bladder cancer, respectively. The results revealed that the homozygous (G/G) genotype of MDM2-SNP309 increased the risk of bladder cancer compared to the wild-type (T/T) genotype [OR=1...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774266/evolution-of-the-p53-mdm2-pathway
#14
Emma Åberg, Fulvio Saccoccia, Manfred Grabherr, Wai Ying Josefin Ore, Per Jemth, Greta Hultqvist
BACKGROUND: The p53 signalling pathway, which controls cell fate, has been extensively studied due to its prominent role in tumor development. The pathway includes the tumor supressor protein p53, its vertebrate paralogs p63 and p73, and their negative regulators MDM2 and MDM4. The p53/p63/p73-MDM system is ancient and can be traced in all extant animal phyla. Despite this, correct phylogenetic trees including both vertebrate and invertebrate species of the p53/p63/p73 and MDM families have not been published...
August 3, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766941/a-computational-investigation-of-small-molecule-engagement-of-hot-spots-at-protein-protein-interaction-interfaces
#15
David Xu, Yubing Si, Samy O Meroueh
The binding affinity of a protein-protein interaction is concentrated at amino acids known as hot spots. It has been suggested that small molecules disrupt protein-protein interactions by either (i) engaging receptor protein hot spots; or (ii) mimicking hot spots of the protein ligand. Yet, to date, no systematic studies have been done to explore how effectively existing small-molecule protein-protein interaction inhibitors mimic or engage hot spots at protein interfaces. Here, we employ explicit-solvent molecular dynamics simulations and end-point MM-GBSA free energy calculations to explore this question...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766886/small-cell-lung-carcinoma-cell-line-screen-of-etoposide-carboplatin-plus-a-third-agent
#16
Beverly A Teicher, Thomas Silvers, Michael Selby, Rene Delosh, Julie Laudeman, Chad Ogle, Russell Reinhart, Ralph Parchment, Julia Krushkal, Dmitriy Sonkin, Larry Rubinstein, Joel Morris, David Evans
The SCLC combination screen examined a 9-point concentration response of 180 third agents, alone and in combination with etoposide/carboplatin. The predominant effect of adding a third agent to etoposide/carboplatin was additivity. Less than additive effects occurred frequently in SCLC lines sensitive to etoposide/carboplatin. In SCLC lines with little or no response to etoposide/carboplatin, greater than additive SCLC killing occurred over the entire spectrum of SCLC lines but never occurred in all SCLC lines...
August 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765552/antitumoral-effects-of-%C3%AE-cdcpli-a-pla2-inhibitor-from-crotalus-durissus-collilineatus-via-pi3k-akt-pathway-on-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cell
#17
Sarah N C Gimenes, Daiana S Lopes, Patrícia T Alves, Fernanda V P V Azevedo, Lara Vecchi, Luiz R Goulart, Thais C S Rodrigues, André L Q Santos, Vera L de C Brites, Thaise L Teixeira, Cláudio V da Silva, Matheus H Dias, Samuel C Teixeira, Renata S Rodrigues, Kelly A G Yoneyama, Ricardo A Oliveira, Veridiana de M Rodrigues
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2s) overexpression is closely associated with the malignant potential of breast cancers. Here, we showed for the first the antitumoral effects of γCdcPLI, a PLA2 inhibitor from Crotalus durissus collilineatus via PI3K/Akt pathway on MDA-MB-231 cell. Firstly, γCdcPLI was more cytotoxic to MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells than other cell lines (MCF-7, HeLa, PC3 and A549) and did not affect the viability of non-tumorigenic breast cell (MCF 10A). In addition, γCdcPLI induced modulation of important mediators of apoptosis pathways such as p53, MAPK-ERK, BIRC5 and MDM2...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762569/gabp%C3%AE-is-involved-in-the-survival-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#18
Atsushi Ueda, Tadayuki Akagi, Takashi Yokota
Ets-related transcription factor GA-binding protein alpha (GABPα), which is encoded by Gabpa, is expressed in a variety of cell types and is involved in cellular functions such as cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, and differentiation. Here we generated Gabpa conditional knockout embryonic stem (ES) cells and characterized its cellular phenotypes. Disruption of Gabpa revealed that the proliferation of Gabpa-null ES cells was drastically repressed and cells started to die within 2 days. The repressed proliferation of Gabpa-null ES cells was recovered by artificially forced expression of GABPα...
August 1, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760909/-span-style-font-weight-400-circulating-tumor-dna-reveals-clinically-actionable-somatic-genome-of-metastatic-bladder-cancer-span
#19
Gillian R Vandekerkhove, Tilman Todenhöfer, Matti Annala, Werner J Struss, Amanda Wong, Kevin Beja, Elie Ritch, Sonal Brahmbhatt, Stas Volik, Jörg Hennenlotter, Matti Nykter, Kim N Chi, Scott North, Arnulf Stenzl, Colin C Collins, Bernhard J Eigl, Peter C Black, Alexander W Wyatt
Targeted agents and immunotherapies promise to transform the treatment of metastatic bladder cancer (BCa), but therapy selection will depend on practical tumor molecular stratification. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is established in several solid malignancies as a minimally-invasive tool to profile the tumor genome in real-time, but is critically under-explored in BCa. <p>Experimental Design: We applied a combination of whole exome sequencing and targeted sequencing across 50 BCa driver genes to plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from 51 patients with aggressive BCa, including 37 with metastatic disease...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759137/soft-tissue-sarcomas-from-a-morphological-to-a-molecular-biological-approach
#20
REVIEW
Yoshinao Oda, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Kenichi Kohashi, Yuichi Yamada, Kunio Iura, Takeaki Ishii, Akira Maekawa, Hirofumi Bekki
Recently developed molecular genetic techniques have led to the elucidation of tumor-specific genomic alterations and thereby the reclassification of tumor entities of soft tissue sarcoma. A solitary fibrous tumor-mimicking tumor with the AHRR-NCOA2 gene has been isolated as angiofibroma of soft tissue. As for small round cell sarcomas, novel fusion genes such as CIC-DUX4 and BCOR-CCNB3 have been identified in these tumor groups. SMARCB1/INI1 deficient tumors with round cell morphology are also expected to be reclassified in three types, based on the combination of their morphology and genotype...
July 31, 2017: Pathology International
keyword
keyword
1695
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"