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He Xu, Manxing Wu, Peng Li, Feng Zhu, Ruchuan Wang
Nowadays, location-based services, which include services to identify the location of a person or an object, have many uses in social life. Though traditional GPS positioning can provide high quality positioning services in outdoor environments, due to the shielding of buildings and the interference of indoor environments, researchers and enterprises have paid more attention to how to perform high precision indoor positioning. There are many indoor positioning technologies, such as WiFi, Bluetooth, UWB and RFID...
May 10, 2018: Sensors
Chaoyang Zhao, Weifeng Yuan, Yangzhou Zhao, Ning Hu, Bin Gu, Hai Liu, Lamusi A
Carbon nanotubes form a complex network in nanocomposites. In the network, the configuration of the nanotubes is various. A carbon nanotube may be curled or straight, and it may be parallel or crossed to another. As a result, carbon nanotube-based composites exhibit integrated characteristics of inductor, capacitor and resistor. In this work, it is hypothesized that carbon nanotube-based composites all adhere to a RLC interior circuit. To verify the hypothesis, three different composites, viz. multi-walled carbon nanotube/ polyvinylidene fluoride (MWCNT/PVDF), multi-walled carbon nanotube/epoxy (MWCNT/EP), multi-walled carbon nanotube/ polydimethylsiloxane (MWCNT/PDMS) were fabricated and tested...
May 9, 2018: Nanotechnology
Mayukh Bhattacharyya, Waldemar Gruenwald, Dirk Jansen, Leonhard Reindl, Jasmin Aghassi-Hagmann
Battery-less passive sensor tags based on RFID or NFC technology have achieved much popularity in recent times. Passive tags are widely used for various applications like inventory control or in biotelemetry. In this paper, we present a new RFID/NFC frontend IC (integrated circuit) for 13.56 MHz passive tag applications. The design of the frontend IC is compatible with the standard ISO 15693/NFC 5. The paper discusses the analog design part in details with a brief overview of the digital interface and some of the critical measured parameters...
May 7, 2018: Sensors
Kazuhiko Yamashita, Kaori Kusuda, Yoshitomo Ito, Masaru Komino, Kiyohito Tanaka, Satoru Kurokawa, Michitaka Ameya, Daiji Eba, Ken Masamune, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Yuji Ohta, Chugo Rinoie, Kenji Yamada, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Surgical instrument retention and instrument breakage compromise surgery quality and lead to medical malpractice. We developed an instrument tracking system that could alert surgeons to instrument retention during surgery and monitor instrument use to reduce the risk of breakage. METHODS: This prospective, experimental clinical trial included 15 patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery or lumpectomy under general anesthesia at Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital...
April 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Leann Lerie Matta, Saranraj Karuppuswami, Premjeet Chahal, Evangelyn C Alocilja
Rapid detection techniques of pathogenic bacteria in the liquid food supply chain are of significant research interest due to their pivotal role in preventing foodborne outbreaks, and in maintaining high standards of public health and safety. Milk and dairy products are of particular interest due to their widespread consumption across the globe. In this paper, a biosensor for detecting pathogenic bacteria in milk using dextrin-capped gold nanoparticles (d-AuNP) as labels decoded at microwave frequencies is presented...
April 11, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Stéphanie Boulêtreau, Adeline Gaillagot, Laurent Carry, Stéphane Tétard, Eric De Oliveira, Frédéric Santoul
The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the world's most emblematic freshwater fish. Despite conservation and rehabilitation plans, populations of this species are dramatically declining due to human impacts such as habitat fragmentation, overfishing and water pollution. Owing to their large body size, anadromous adults were historically invulnerable to fish predation during their spawning period migration. This invulnerability has disappeared in Western Europe with the introduction of a new freshwater predator, the European catfish (Silurus glanis)...
2018: PloS One
Muhammad Qasim Memon, Jingsha He, Mirza Ammar Yasir, Aasma Memon
Radio frequency identification is a wireless communication technology, which enables data gathering and identifies recognition from any tagged object. The number of collisions produced during wireless communication would lead to a variety of problems including unwanted number of iterations and reader-induced idle slots, computational complexity in terms of estimation as well as recognition of the number of tags. In this work, dynamic frame adjustment and optimal splitting are employed together in the proposed algorithm...
April 12, 2018: Sensors
Ferran Paredes, Cristian Herrojo, Javier Mata-Contreras, Miquel Moras, Alba Núñez, Eloi Ramon, Ferran Martín
A chipless radio-frequency identification (chipless-RFID) and sensing system, where tags are read by proximity (near-field) through a switch, is presented. The tags consist of a set of identical resonant elements (split-ring resonators or SRRs), printed or etched at predefined and equidistant positions, forming a linear chain, each SRR providing a bit of information. The logic state ('1' or '0') associated with each resonator depends on whether it is present or not in the predefined position. The reader is an array of power splitters used to feed a set of SRR-loaded transmission lines (in equal number to the number of resonant elements, or bits, of the tag)...
April 9, 2018: Sensors
Kokab B Parizi, Demir Akin, H-S Philip Wong
Continuous monitoring of physiological parameters inside a living cell will lead to major advances in our understanding of biology and complex diseases, such as cancer. It also enables the development of new medical diagnostics and therapeutics. Progress in nanofabrication and wireless communication has opened up the potential of making a wireless chip small enough that it can be wholly inserted into a living cell. To investigate how such chips could be internalized into various types of living single cells and how this process might affect cells' physiology, we designed and fabricated a series of multilayered micron-scale tag structures with different sizes as potential RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) cell trackers...
2018: PloS One
Jian Lu, Lan Zhang, Dapeng Zhang, Sohei Matsumoto, Hiroshi Hiroshima, Ryutaro Maeda, Mizuho Sato, Atsushi Toyoda, Takafumi Gotoh, Nobuhiro Ohkohchi
In this paper, we report the development, evaluation, and application of ultra-small low-power wireless sensor nodes for advancing animal husbandry, as well as for innovation of medical technologies. A radio frequency identification (RFID) chip with hybrid interface and neglectable power consumption was introduced to enable switching of ON/OFF and measurement mode after implantation. A wireless power transmission system with a maximum efficiency of 70% and an access distance of up to 5 cm was developed to allow the sensor node to survive for a duration of several weeks from a few minutes' remote charge...
March 26, 2018: Sensors
Hazalila Kamaludin, Hairulnizam Mahdin, Jemal H Abawajy
Although Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is poised to displace barcodes, security vulnerabilities pose serious challenges for global adoption of the RFID technology. Specifically, RFID tags are prone to basic cloning and counterfeiting security attacks. A successful cloning of the RFID tags in many commercial applications can lead to many serious problems such as financial losses, brand damage, safety and health of the public. With many industries such as pharmaceutical and businesses deploying RFID technology with a variety of products, it is important to tackle RFID tag cloning problem and improve the resistance of the RFID systems...
2018: PloS One
David Perez-Diaz-de-Cerio, Ángela Hernández-Solana, Antonio Valdovinos, Jose Luis Valenzuela
Timing points used in running races and other competition events are generally based on radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology. Athletes' times are calculated via passive RFID tags and reader kits. Specifically, the reader infrastructure needed is complex and requires the deployment of a mat or ramps which hide the receiver antennae under them. Moreover, with the employed tags, it is not possible to transmit additional and dynamic information such as pulse or oximetry monitoring, alarms, etc. In this paper we present a system based on two low complex schemes allowed in Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE): the non-connectable undirected advertisement process and a modified version of scannable undirected advertisement process using the new capabilities present in Bluetooth 5...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Ying-Ren Chien, Yu-Xian Chen
This study designed a radio-frequency identification (RFID)-based Internet of Things (IoT) platform to create the core of a smart nest box. At the sensing level, we have deployed RFID-based sensors and egg detection sensors. A low-frequency RFID reader is installed in the bottom of the nest box and a foot ring RFID tag is worn on the leg of individual hens. The RFID-based sensors detect when a hen enters or exits the nest box. The egg-detection sensors are implemented with a resistance strain gauge pressure sensor, which weights the egg in the egg-collection tube...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
Yojiro Yutaka, Toshihiko Sato, Koichi Matsushita, Hiroyuki Aiba, Yusuke Muranishi, Yasuto Sakaguchi, Tadao Sugiura, Minoru Okada, Tatsuo Nakamura, Hiroshi Date
We developed a novel localization technique for small intrapulmonary lesions using radiofrequency identification (RFID) technology. Micro-RFID markers with nickel-titanium coils were designed to be placed from subsegmental bronchi to the peripheral parenchyma. In this preclinical study, thoracoscopic subsegmentectomy of a canine pseudotumor model was performed to demonstrate the feasibility and three-dimensional positional accuracy of the system. To recover subcentimeter pseudotumors, markers were bronchoscopically placed to determine the resection line: (1) next to the pseudotumor; (2) in the responsible subsegmental bronchi as the central margin; and (3) on the intersubsegmental plane as the lateral margin...
March 9, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yulu Fu, Changlong Wang, Ran Liu, Gaoli Liang, Hua Zhang, Shafiq Ur Rehman
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) offers a way to identify objects without any contact. However, positioning accuracy is limited since RFID neither provides distance nor bearing information about the tag. This paper proposes a new and innovative approach for the localization of moving object using a particle filter by incorporating RFID phase and laser-based clustering from 2d laser range data. First of all, we calculate phase-based velocity of the moving object based on RFID phase difference. Meanwhile, we separate laser range data into different clusters, and compute the distance-based velocity and moving direction of these clusters...
March 9, 2018: Sensors
C Álvarez, J Colón, A C Lópes, M Fernández-Polanco, H Benbelkacem, P Buffière
One of the main problems of dry anaerobic digestion plants treating urban solid waste is the loss of useful volume by the sedimentation of solids (inerts) into the bottom of the digester, or by accumulation of floating materials in its upper part. This entails a periodic cost of emptying and cleaning the digesters, a decrease in biogas production and complications in maintenance. Usually the sedimentation is a consequence of the heterogeneity of waste that, in addition to organic matter, drags particles of high density that end up obstructing the digesters...
March 5, 2018: Waste Management
He Xu, Jie Ding, Peng Li, Feng Zhu, Ruchuan Wang
With the fast development of the Internet of Things, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has been widely applied into many areas. Nevertheless, security problems of the RFID technology are also gradually exposed, when it provides life convenience. In particular, the appearance of a large number of fake and counterfeit goods has caused massive loss for both producers and customers, for which the clone tag is a serious security threat. If attackers acquire the complete information of a tag, they can then obtain the unique identifier of the tag by some technological means...
March 2, 2018: Sensors
Jie Mei, Nico Riedel, Ulrike Grittner, Matthias Endres, Stefanie Banneke, Julius Valentin Emmrich
Body temperature is a valuable parameter in determining the wellbeing of laboratory animals. However, using body temperature to refine humane endpoints during acute illness generally lacks comprehensiveness and exposes to inter-observer bias. Here we compared two methods to assess body temperature in mice, namely implanted radio frequency identification (RFID) temperature transponders (method 1) to non-contact infrared thermometry (method 2) in 435 mice for up to 7 days during normothermia and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin-induced hypothermia...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lisa C Barry, Laura Hatchman, Zhaoyan Fan, Jack M Guralnik, Robert X Gao, George A Kuchel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and validity of a radio-frequency identification (RFID)-based system to measure gait speed in a clinical setting as a first step to using unobtrusive gait speed assessment in routine clinical care. DESIGN: Feasibility study comparing gait speed assessed using an RFID-based system with gait speed assessed using handheld stopwatch, the criterion standard. SETTING: Outpatient geriatrics clinic at a Connecticut-based academic medical center...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Mark W Hamm, Samuel V Calabrese, Scott J Knoer, Ashley M Duty
PURPOSE: The development of a Web-based program to track and manage emergency medications with radio frequency identification (RFID) is described. SUMMARY: At the Cleveland Clinic, medication kit restocking records and dispense locations were historically documented using a paper record-keeping system. The Cleveland Clinic investigated options to replace the paper-based tracking logs with a Web-based program that could track the real-time location and inventory of emergency medication kits...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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