Read by QxMD icon Read

Chinese herbal medicines

A B Cunningham, Xingchao Long
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Worldwide, one of the drivers of substitution and adulteration is the cost of the natural resources (plants, animals, fungi) that are ingredients of traditional medicines. Relatively few studies have been done that link prices of traditional medicine ingredients to what drives changes in price, yet this is an important topic. Theoretically, prices have been widely considered as an economic indicator of resource scarcity. Rare, slow growing medicinal plants sell for high prices and common, less popular species for low prices...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yan-Yan Chen, Yu-Ping Tang, Er-Xin Shang, Zhen-Hua Zhu, Wei-Wei Tao, Jin-Gao Yu, Li-Mei Feng, Jie Yang, Jing Wang, Shu-Lan Su, Huiping Zhou, Jin-Ao Duan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As recorded in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, Genkwa Flos (YH) and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (GC) compose one herbal pair of the so-called "eighteen incompatible medicaments", which indicate pairs of herbs that are mutually incompatible and that theoretically should not be applied simultaneously. However, the theory has been called into question due to a lack of evidence. AIMS OF STUDY: In this study, the incompatibility of YH and GC was investigated based on an assessment of the toxic effects of their combination by traditional safety methods and a modern metabonomic approach...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Tin-Hang Wong, Grace Wing-Chiu But, Hoi-Yan Wu, Stacey Shun-Kei Tsang, David Tai-Wai Lau, Pang-Chui Shaw
Authentication of medicinal materials by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) technology is gaining popularity. In 2010, our team has created Medicinal Materials DNA Barcode Database (MMDBD) version 1.0 to provide an interactive database for documenting DNA barcode sequences of medicinal materials. This database now contains DNA barcode sequences of medicinal materials listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Dietary Supplements Compendium and Herbal Medicine Compendium of the US Pharmacopoeia and selected adulterants. The data archive is regularly updated and currently it stores 62 011 DNA sequences of 2111 medicinal materials...
January 1, 2018: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Yanling Zhao, Haotian Li, Shizhang Wei, Xuelin Zhou, Xiaohe Xiao
Infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria seriously threaten human lives. Although antibiotic therapy is effective in the treatment of bacterial infections, the overuse of antibiotics has leaded to an increased risk of antibiotic resistance, putting forward urgent requirements for novel antibacterial drugs. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM) and its constituents are considered to be potential sources of new antimicrobial agents. Currently, a series of chemical compounds purified from TCHM have been reported to fight against infections by drug-resistant bacteria...
October 17, 2018: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Xian-Pei Heng, Xiu-Jun Li, Liang Li, Liu-Qing Yang, Zi-Ta Wang, Su-Ping Huang
Traditional glucose-lowering chemical agents, including various types of insulin and insulin secretagogues, insulin sensitizers, gliptins, etc., are based on diabetic pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) and islet insufficiency. Numerous evidence-based medical studies have shown that these traditional hypoglycemic chemical agents do not provide cardiovascular benefit to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and may even increase the risk of all-cause mortality. Based on research evidence published to date, these studies show that overload of energy could increase the incidence and prevalence of T2DM, and reduction in the heat load can significantly reduce the incidence of T2DM...
October 17, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Kuo-Chin Huang, Yuan-Chih Su, Mao-Feng Sun, Sheng-Teng Huang
Background and purpose: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is frequently applied in conjunction with western pharmacotherapy to relieve symptoms in patients with CKD. However, evidence-based research into the effectiveness of CHM use as applied to treat CKD is limited and warrants further investigation. The aim of this study is to assess whether adjunctive treatment with CHM affected survival rate of CKD patients undergoing conventional western medical management. Methods: A total of 14,718 CKD patients, including 6,958 CHM users and 7,760 non-CHM users, were recruited from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, a sub-dataset of the National Health Insurance Research Database, to conduct this study...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Denise Adams, Taixiang Wu, Xunzhe Yang, Shusheng Tai, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue is increasingly common. Conventional medical care is limited in treating chronic fatigue, leading some patients to use traditional Chinese medicine therapies, including herbal medicine. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine herbal products in treating idiopathic chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome. SEARCH METHODS: The following databases were searched for terms related to traditional Chinese medicine, chronic fatigue, and clinical trials: CCDAN Controlled Trials Register (July 2009), MEDLINE (1966-2008), EMBASE (1980-2008), AMED (1985-2008), CINAHL (1982-2008), PSYCHINFO (1985-2008), CENTRAL (Issue 2 2008), the Chalmers Research Group PedCAM Database (2004), VIP Information (1989-2008), CNKI (1976-2008), OCLC Proceedings First (1992-2008), Conference Papers Index (1982-2008), and Dissertation Abstracts (1980-2008)...
October 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tingguo Kang, Deqiang Dou, Liang Xu
BACKGROUND: A quality marker (Q-marker) for Chinese materia medica (CMM, Zhongyao in Chinese) is a new concept proposed by the academician Changxiao Liu for the quality control of CMM. CMM refers to natural medicines used under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, Zhongyi in Chinese), and includes Chinese herbal medicines (Zhongyaocai in Chinese), decoction pieces of Chinese medicines (Yinpian in Chinese) and proprietary Chinese medicines (Zhongchengyao in Chinese)...
April 3, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
K Y Shi
Studying ancient and modern literatures, we researched on Dish Mustard Seed () about its name of traditional Chinese medicine, the original plant, medicinal three aspects . Dish Mustard Seed as a drug name is contained in the Shennong Bencao Jing ( Shen Nong ' s Herbal Classic )《》 and has been in use ever since. The original plant is the genus Thlaspi arvense L. , Dish Mustard Seed of the whole plant and seeds can be used as medicine.But the ancient herbal literatures confused the original plant with other plants, We correct this series of mistakes...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
L Fu, Y Z Xiao
Michel Boym was a 17th-century missionary who came to China from Poland. He was the first man who introduce Chinese herbal medicine to Europe by writing Flora Sinensis ( Chinese Flora ) and Medicamenta Simplicia quae Chinensibus ad usum medicum adhibentur . This article reveals that which Chinese herbal medicine books may have been consulted in the Medicamenta Simplicia quae Chinensibus ad usum medicum adhibentur by analyzing its content and comparing it with the Chinese herbal medicine books. We believed that in order to write this book, he consulted many Chinese books, collected a variety of herbal samples and consulted Chinese people who knew about herbals, and added his own understanding...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
X F Chen, H S Peng
Bencao Tujing ( Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica )《》 is one of the famous Chinese herbalism works in the Song Dynasty. This book contains a total of 814 kinds of medicinal herbs, recorded a lot of crude drugs and the producing regions information. The records of crude drugs can be divided into two parts: the text and the attached drawings.So we carries on the statistics, the comparison and the analysis to the crude drugs producing regions and the genuine producing regions two aspects.The results show that there are 537 producing regions in the text, of which the specific producing regions about 3/4, generally referred producing regions only about 1/4...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Katrin Hulme, Reza Safari, Sarah Thomas, Tom Mercer, Claire White, Marietta Van der Linden, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is prominent across many long term physical health conditions. This scoping review aimed to map the fatigue intervention literature, to ascertain if certain interventions may be effective across conditions, and if novel interventions tested in specific long term conditions may be promising for other conditions. METHODS: Scoping review methodological frameworks were used. Electronic bibliographic databases were searched (inception to November 2016) for systematic reviews of fatigue interventions in long term conditions...
2018: PloS One
Na-Rae Shin, Tae-Yang Jung, Chang-Seob Seo, So-Won Park, Je-Won Ko, Jong-Choon Kim, In-Sik Shin
Water extract of guibi-tang (GB), a traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean herbal medicine, is used to treat memory impairment, insomnia, and peptic ulcers. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of GB on pulmonary inflammation induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). C57BL/6 mice were used to develop a pulmonary inflammation model by exposing them to CS for 1 h per day for 7 days. LPS was intranasally administered to mice under mild anesthesia on day 5. GB was administered 1 h before CS exposure at doses of 50 or 100 mg/kg for 7 days...
September 2018: Laboratory Animal Research
Lu-Da Feng, Yang Tian, Xin Wang, Run Dai, Song Cai, Yu-Jia Cao, Yin-Chu Si
Background: Therapy of nourishing kidney has been used for treating memory deficits of Alzheimer's disease (AD) for thousands of years based on traditional Chinese medicine. However, we found the therapy of dredging the bowels could alleviate both memory deficits and mental symptoms of AD in clinic. Objective: To determine whether the therapy of dredging the bowels could enhance the neuroprotective effect of nourishing kidney herbs for treating AD rats, and to explore the underlying mechanism of the combination of nourishing kidney and dredging the bowels (NKDB) herbs...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Ming-Yang Li, Chia-Ting Chang, Yueh-Ting Han, Chien-Po Liao, Jenn-Yah Yu, Tsu-Wei Wang
Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have been used to treat human diseases for thousands of years. Among them, Ginkgo biloba is reported to be beneficial to the nervous system and a potential treatment of neurological disorders. Since the presence of adult neural stem cells (NSCs) brings hope that the brain may heal itself, whether the effect of Ginkgo biloba is on NSCs remains elusive. In this study, we found that Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) and one of its main ingredients, ginkgolide B (GB) promoted cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation in NSCs derived from the postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) of the mouse lateral ventricle...
October 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaonan Zhou, Qun Dong, Xianzhao Kan, Lihong Peng, Xingyu Xu, Yun Fang, Jialiang Yang
Lonicera japonica is a typical Chinese herbal medicine. We previously reported a method to isolate polysaccharides from Lonicera japonica (LJP). In this study, we first performed a qualitative analysis of LJP using the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FT-IR) and explored the monosaccharide composition of LJP using the pre-column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. We then investigated the immunomodulatory function of LJP in cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced immunosuppressed mouse models...
2018: PloS One
Li Li, Mimi Li, Xiwu Qi, Xingli Tang, Yifeng Zhou
Soil salinity is one of the major environmental stresses affecting plant growth, development, and reproduction. Salt stress also affects the accumulation of some secondary metabolites in plants. Glehnia littoralis is an endangered medicinal halophyte that grows in coastal habitats. Peeled and dried Glehnia littoralis roots, named Radix Glehniae, have been used traditionally as a Chinese herbal medicine. Although Glehnia littoralis has great ecological and commercial value, salt-related mechanisms in Glehnia littoralis remain largely unknown...
2018: PeerJ
Peile Wang, Jing Yang, Zhenfeng Zhu, Xiaojian Zhang
The stems and roots of Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Wight et Arn., a traditional Chinese medicine and Dai herbal medicine, have been widely used for the treatment of asthma, trachitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, cystitis, pneumonia and drug or food poisoning. Nowadays, the extract of Marsdenia tenacissima, under the trademark of "Xiao-ai-ping", is widely used in clinic for the treatment of different cancers in China. To date, approximately 196 chemical ingredients covering steroids, triterpenes and organic acids have been identified from different parts of this plant...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ya-Jen Chiu, Chi-Mei Lee, Te-Hsien Lin, Hsuan-Yuan Lin, Shin-Ying Lee, Mina Mesri, Kuo-Hsuan Chang, Jung-Yaw Lin, Guey-Jen Lee-Chen, Chiung-Mei Chen
Amyloid [Formula: see text] (A[Formula: see text]) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The accumulation of misfolded A[Formula: see text] causes oxidative and inflammatory damage leading to apoptotic cell death. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in clinical practice to treat neurodegenerative diseases associated with oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. This study examined the neuroprotection effects of CHM extract Glycyrrhiza inflata (G. inflata) and its active constituents, licochalcone A and liquiritigenin in AD...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Zhao-Hui Xu, Ying-Ying Gao, Hua-Ting Zhang, Ke-Feng Ruan, Yi Feng
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetic mellitus, is currently the main cause of adult-acquired blindness. The pathogenesis of DR is complex and the current clinical application of various treatment methods cannot completely prevent the development of this disease. Many reports have been published regarding the treatment of DR with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), which has received increasing attention from medical practitioners worldwide. Studies published between 1994 and April 2017 were collected from the CNKI, VIP, Medline and Web of Science databases, as well as from Chinese traditional books and Chinese Pharmacopoeia, subsequently obtaining more than 550 studies...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"