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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339988/utilization-of-health-care-services-and-ambulatory-resources-associated-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#1
Cynthia Kay, Erica Wozniak, Joanne Bernstein
Objective.:  Examine traditional and uncompensated health care utilization associated with chronic noncancer pain. Design.:  Retrospective chart review. Setting.:  Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects.:  Internal medicine patients on long-term opioids for chronic noncancer pain with or without a pain agreement between April 1, 2014, and April 1, 2015 (N = 834). Patients without pain served as controls (N = 782)...
March 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339973/day-to-day-variability-in-self-reported-cigarettes-per-day
#2
John R Hughes, Saul Shiffman, Shelly Naud, Erica N Peters
Background and Aims: Nicotine addiction theory predicts small day to day variability in cigarettes/day (CPD) whereas social learning theory predicts large variability. A description of the variability in CPD over multiple days is not available. Methods: We conducted secondary analyses of two natural history studies with daily smokers - one of smokers not intending to quit, and one of smokers intending to quit sometime in the next 3 months. In the former, smokers recorded their smoking during the day by Ecological Momentary Assessment, using a palm-top computer...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339462/safety-of-a-topical-insect-repellent-picaridin-during-community-mass-use-for-malaria-control-in-rural-cambodia
#4
Somony Heng, Vincent Sluydts, Lies Durnez, Vanna Mean, Koh Polo, Sochantha Tho, Marc Coosemans, Johan van Griensven
BACKGROUND: While community distribution of topical repellents has been proposed as an additional malaria control intervention, the safety of this intervention at the population level remains poorly evaluated. We describe the safety of mass distribution of the picaridin repellent during a cluster-randomised trial in rural Cambodia in 2012-2013. METHODS: The repellent was distributed among 57 intervention villages with around 25,000 inhabitants by a team of village distributors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338711/the-effects-of-age-on-crash-risk-associated-with-driver-distraction
#5
Feng Guo, Sheila G Klauer, Youjia Fang, Jonathan M Hankey, Jonathan F Antin, Miguel A Perez, Suzanne E Lee, Thomas A Dingus
Background: Driver distraction is a major contributing factor to crashes, which are the leading cause of death for the US population under 35 years of age. The prevalence of secondary-task engagement and its impacts on distraction and crashes may vary substantially by driver age. Methods: Driving performance and behaviour data were collected continuously using multiple cameras and sensors in situ for 3542 participant drivers recruited for up to 3 years for the Second Strategic Highway Research Program Naturalistic Driving Study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337089/evaluation-of-the-environmental-noise-levels-in-abuja-municipality-using-mobile-phones
#6
T Ibekwe, D Folorunso, A Ebuta, J Amodu, M Nwegbu, Z Mairami, I Liman, C Okebaram, C Chimdi, B Durogbola, H Suleiman, H Mamven, N Baamlong, E Dahilo, I Gbujie, P Ibekwe, O Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Noise remains a nuisance which impacts negatively on the physical, social and psychological wellbeing of man. It aggravates chronic illnesses like hypertension and other cardiopulmonary diseases. Unfortunately, increased activities from industrialization and technological transfers/drifts have tumultuously led to increased noise pollution in most of our fast growing cities today and hence the need for concerted efforts in monitoring and regulating our environmental noise. OBJECTIVE: To assess the equivalent noise level (Leq) in Abuja municipality and promote a simple method for regular assessment of Leq within our environment...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337038/pilot-study-of-methods-for-assessing-unmet-secondary-health-care-need-in-new-zealand
#7
Philip Bagshaw, Susan Bagshaw, Christopher Frampton, Robin Gauld, Terri Green, Charlotte Harris, Andrew Hornblow, Ben Hudson, Antony Raymont, Ann Richardson, Carl Shaw, Les Toop
AIMS: In this pilot study, the primary aim was to compare four potential methods for undertaking a national survey of unmet secondary healthcare need in New Zealand (one collecting data from GPs, and three from community surveys). The secondary aim was to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of unmet secondary healthcare need, to inform sample size calculations for a national survey. METHODS: An electronic system was set up for GPs in Christchurch (Pegasus PHO) and Auckland (Auckland PHO) to record cases of unmet need as encountered in clinics...
March 24, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336483/-text-neck-an-epidemic-of-the-modern-era-of-cell-phones
#8
Jason M Cuéllar, Todd H Lanman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335664/cognitive-behavioral-intervention-compared-to-telephone-counselling-early-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-trial
#9
Myrthe Elisabeth Scheenen, Annemarie Cecile Visser-Keizer, Myrthe Elisabeth de Koning, Harm Jan van der Horn, Peter van de Sande, Marlies Elisabeth van Kessel, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman
Many patients do not return to work (RTW) following mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) due to persistent complaints that are often resistant to therapy in the chronic phase. Recent studies suggest that psychological interventions should be implemented early after injury to prevent patients from developing chronic complaints. This study is a randomized controlled trial which examines the effectiveness of a newly developed CBT intervention (CBTi) compared to telephonic counseling (TC) in at risk mTBI patients (patients with high reports of early complaints)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335610/rheumatoid-forefoot-reconstruction-in-the-nonrheumatoid-patient
#10
Devon C Nixon, Richard M McKean, Sandra E Klein, Jeffrey E Johnson, Jeremy J McCormick
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pain and deformity following forefoot surgery can cause significant patient disability. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint arthrodesis with lesser metatarsal head resections-termed the rheumatoid forefoot reconstruction-has been shown to be a reliable operation for pain relief and deformity correction. Limited data, however, have been published on outcomes of the same forefoot reconstruction operation in the nonrheumatoid patient...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334769/using-affective-judgement-to-increase-physical-activity-in-british-adults
#11
Alice S Forster, Penny Buykx, Neil Martin, Susannah Sadler, Ben Southgate, Lauren Rockliffe, Ian Walker
Mobile phone apps have been shown to increase physical activity (PA), but existing apps fail to target the emotional aspects of PA, which influence whether individuals are active. We developed an app that encourages individuals to focus on the emotional aspects of PA. We aimed to assess the acceptability of this app, and conduct a preliminary evaluation of efficacy. The app was developed in collaboration with users through focus groups. Seven users tested the app over 4 months and provided feedback on acceptability, aesthetics and functionality in a follow-up focus group...
February 27, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334003/analysis-of-the-communities-of-an-urban-mobile-phone-network
#12
Federico Botta, Charo I Del Genio
Being able to characterise the patterns of communications between individuals across different time scales is of great importance in understanding people's social interactions. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the community structure of the network of mobile phone calls in the metropolitan area of Milan revealing temporal patterns of communications between people. We show that circadian and weekly patterns can be found in the evolution of communities, presenting evidence that these cycles arise not only at the individual level but also at that of social groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333698/misuse-of-pediatric-medications-and-parent-physician-communication-an-interactive-voice-response-intervention
#13
Kathleen E Walsh, Janine Bacic, Barrett D Phillips, William G Adams
BACKGROUND: Children take 1 medication each week on average at home. Better communication between parents and providers could support safer home medication use and prevent misuse of pediatric medications, such as intentional underdosing or overdosing. Our primary objective was to assess the impact of an interactive voice response system on parent-provider communication about medications. METHODS: Parents of children 4 months to 11 years of age with upcoming well child visits were invited to call our interactive voice response system, called Personal Health Partner (PHP), which asked questions about the child's health and medication use...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332259/the-effect-of-mobile-phone-short-message-service-on-maternal-health-in-south-west-nigeria
#14
Oluwatosin Omole, Macellina Y Ijadunola, Ezeomu Olotu, Olorunfemi Omotoso, Bamidele Bello, Olalekan Awoniran, Abimbola Phillips, Adesegun Fatusi
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is estimated to be about 814 per 100,000 live births, and deliveries taken outside a health facility have been implicated as a major factor for this high number. Mobile phones interventions are continually being explored in the health field but its usefulness in maternal health in Nigeria has not been widely explored. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of SMS (text messages) on maternal health behaviour in Ife-Ijesa zone of Osun State, Nigeria...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332104/exhaustive-mathematical-analysis-of-simple-clinical-measurements-for-childhood-pneumonia-diagnosis
#15
Keegan Kosasih, Udantha Abeyratne
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality for children below 5 years of age. The majority of these occur in poor countries with limited access to diagnosis. The World Health Organization (WHO) criterion for pneumonia is the de facto method for diagnosis. It is designed targeting a high sensitivity and uses easy to measure parameters. The WHO criterion has poor specificity. METHODS: We propose a method using common measurements (including the WHO parameters) to diagnose pneumonia at high sensitivity and specificity...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331981/vaccination-in-oncology-practice-and-predictors
#16
Ali Alkan, Ebru Karcı, Arzu Yaşar, Gülseren Tuncay, Elif Berna Köksoy, Muslih Ürün, Filiz Çay Şenler, Ahmet Demirkazık, Güngör Utkan, Hakan Akbulut, Yüksel Ürün
PURPOSE: Despite, vaccination is a highly effective and widely recommended for prevention of certain infections, vaccination coverage is very low. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the attitudes of medical oncologists towards vaccination and to identify predictors of intention to recommend vaccination in patients with cancer. METHODS: A structured questionnaire is formed to evaluate the daily practice of vaccination. Turkish medical oncologists were invited to this study via email, SMS, or phone call...
March 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331379/smartphone-viewing-distance-and-sleep-an-experimental-study-utilizing-motion-capture-technology
#17
Michitaka Yoshimura, Momoko Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Maeda, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota, Taishiro Kishimoto
There are studies reporting the negative impact of smartphone utilization on sleep. It is considered that reduction of melatonin secretion under the blue light exposure from smart-phone displays is one of the causes. The viewing distance may cause sleep disturbance, because the viewing distance determines the screen illuminance and/or asthenopia. However, to date, there has been no study closely investigating the impact of viewing distance on sleep; therefore, we sought to determine the relationship between smartphone viewing distance and subjective sleep status...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331296/lay-health-educators-within-primary-care-practices-to-improve-cancer-screening-uptake-for-south-asian-patients-challenges-in-quality-improvement
#18
A K Lofters, M Vahabi, V Prakash, L Banerjee, P Bansal, S Goel, S Dunn
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening uptake is known to be low among South Asian residents of Ontario. The objective of this pilot study was to determine if lay health educators embedded within the practices of primary care providers could improve willingness to screen and cancer screening uptake for South Asian patients taking a quality improvement approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participating physicians selected quality improvement initiatives to use within their offices that they felt could increase willingness to screen and cancer screening uptake...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329074/task-modifications-in-walking-postpone-decline-in-life-space-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-people-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#19
Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen, Susanne Iwarsson, Taina Rantanen
Background: Task modification refers to performing a task differently than before. While task modification in walking may be a sign of looming walking difficulty, it may also be adaptive in and postpone the decline in life-space mobility. However, this has not been studied. This study examined whether changes in life-space mobility over a 2-year period differ between people who at baseline report no walking difficulty and no task modification, those who report no walking difficulty but task modification, and those who report walking difficulty...
January 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328958/physician-satisfaction-with-a-multi-platform-digital-scheduling-system
#20
Rodrigo Octávio Deliberato, Leonardo Lima Rocha, Alex Heitor Lima, Caroline Reis Maia Santiago, Jose Cláudio Cyrineu Terra, Alon Dagan, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: Physician shift schedules are regularly created manually, using paper or a shared online spreadsheet. Mistakes are not unusual, leading to last minute scrambles to cover a shift. We developed a web-based shift scheduling system and a mobile application tool to facilitate both the monthly scheduling and shift exchanges between physicians. The primary objective was to compare physician satisfaction before and after the mobile application implementation. METHODS: Over a 9-month period, three surveys, using the 4-point Likert type scale were performed to assess the physician satisfaction...
2017: PloS One
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