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María Alejandra Arenas, Mariana Del Pino, Virginia Fano
Background Children with hypochondroplasia (HCH), who have FGFR3 mutations c.1620C>A or c.1620C>G (p.Asn540Lys) appear to have a more severe phenotype than those with HCH without these mutations. We describe the change in height, leg length and body proportions in a retrospective cohort of children with HCH related-p.Asn540Lys mutation and we compared them with Argentine population. Methods Anthropometric measurements were initially taken and followed up by the same observer, with standardized techniques...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Fernando Gómez, Rebecca J Gast
The morphology and molecular phylogeny of the parasitic dinoflagellates Ichthyodinium chabelardi and Amyloodinium ocellatum was investigated off Brazil (South Atlantic Ocean). This is the first record of Ichthyodinium and the first molecular data of both parasites from the southern hemisphere. I. chabelardi infected the yolk of eggs of wild populations of Argentine anchovy Engraulis anchoita (Engraulidae) and Brazilian sardinella Sardinella brasiliensis (Clupeidae) in different seasons. The small subunit (SSU) rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene sequences were identical and confirmed Ichthyodinium as a host generalist...
October 16, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Gustavo Citera, Fernando Dal Pra, Christian A Waimann, Hernan Maldonado Ficco, Teresita Alvarellos, Luciana A Mas, Osvaldo L Cerda, Sergio Paira, Antonio Catalán Pellet, Anastasia Secco, Lucila Marino, María Martire, Josefina Marcos, Mercedes A García, Adrián Salas, Alberto Berman, Horacio Berman, Oscar L Rillo, Liliana Vargas, Edson Velozo, Ricardo Vicente Juarez, María Elena Crespo Espindola
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or undifferentiated arthritis (UA) in the CONAART database (Argentine Consortium for Early Arthritis) were assessed for genetic risk factors for RA, specifically for HLA-DRB1 alleles and the PTPN22 rs2476601 polymorphism associated with progression to RA. This is a case-control study. Blood samples were obtained to determine HLA-DRB1 genotypes by PCR-SSO Luminex and PTPN22 (rs2476601) polymorphism by allelic discrimination. A control group of individuals from the general Argentinian population were obtained from the national register of cadaveric organ donors...
October 10, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Lais Pardini, Mariana Bernstein, Liliana A Carral, Federico J Kaufer, Andrea Dellarupe, María L Gos, Lucía M Campero, Gastón Moré, Matías Tomás Messina, María Vanessa Schneider, Cristina B Freuler, Ricardo A Durlach, Juan M Unzaga, María C Venturini
Toxoplasmosis, a worldwide distributed zoonosis, can be transmitted congenitally affecting fetuses and developing variable clinical signs. Different Toxoplasma gondii genotypes and infective dose are related factors with different clinical manifestations. Several studies indicate that atypical strains could produce more severe clinical manifestations compared to typical strains. Umbilical cord blood (n = 37) and placenta (n = 19) were collected at birth from women with acute T. gondii infection and processed for isolation by mice bioassay...
October 7, 2018: Parasitology International
María V Croce, Luciano Cermignani, Martín E Rabassa, Amada Segal-Eiras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Breast Journal
Ana Lucía Olmos Álvarez
This work describes and analyzes the trajectories and strategies in the search for healing among participants of a charismatic Catholic healing movement in Argentina. Using ethnographic research carried out between July 2009 and April 2015, the article focuses on conceptions, practices and experiences surrounding health-disease-care processes. It is highlighted that disease management requires both a cognitive and a practical response, in this case involving two primary therapeutic resources: biomedicine and religious therapies...
April 2018: Salud Colectiva
Spyridon A Karageorgos, Panagiotis Kratimenos, Ashley Landicho, Joshua Haratz, Louis Argentine, Amit Jain, Andrew D McInnes, Margaret Fisher, Ioannis Koutroulis
Hypotonic solutions have been used in pediatrics for maintenance of intravenous (IV) hydration. However, recent randomized control trials and cohort studies have raised significant concerns for association with hospital-acquired hyponatremia (HAH). The study aimed to assess whether the use of hypotonic parenteral solutions (PS) compared with isotonic PS is associated with increased HAH risk in children with common pediatric conditions. Retrospective chart review of 472 patients aged 2 months to 18 years who received either isotonic or hypotonic PS as maintenance fluids...
October 2, 2018: Children
M Sol Gaspe, Yael M Provecho, María P Fernández, Claudia V Vassena, Pablo L Santo Orihuela, Ricardo E Gürtler
BACKGROUND: Rapid reinfestation of insecticide-treated dwellings hamper the sustained elimination of Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease in the Gran Chaco region. We conducted a seven-year longitudinal study including community-wide spraying with pyrethroid insecticides combined with periodic vector surveillance to investigate the house reinfestation process in connection with baseline pyrethroid resistance, housing quality and household mobility in a rural section of Pampa del Indio mainly inhabited by deprived indigenous people (Qom)...
October 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
María Del P Arias López, Nancy Boada, Analía Fernández, Ariel L Fernández, María E Ratto, Alejandro Siaba Serrate, Eduardo Schnitzler
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 score in a population of children admitted to PICUs in Argentina. DESIGN: Prospective, national, multicenter study. SETTING: Forty-nine PICUs located in Argentina belonging to public and private institutions. PATIENTS: All children between 1 month and 16 years old admitted to the participating PICUs between May 15, 2016, and February 15, 2017...
October 1, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
M Marrodan, J N Acosta, L Alessandro, V C Fernandez, E Carnero Contentti, N Arakaki, A A Kohler, M P Fiol, S F Ameriso, J Correale
INTRODUCTION: To assess clinical and/or imaging features useful to distinguish between Susac syndrome (SuS) and primary angiitis of central nervous system (PACNS). METHODS: Multicenter retrospective analysis of two cohorts of Argentine patients diagnosed with SuS and PACNS. RESULTS: 13 patients diagnosed with SuS (6 women and 7 men, mean age 35 ± 10 years) and 15 with PACNS (10 women and 5 men, mean age 44 ± 18 years) were analyzed...
September 26, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Juan Diego Vaamonde, Alicia Omar, Solana Salessi
Turnover intentions (TI) stand as an insidious problem that impacts on the functioning of organizations and the well-being of their members. Currently, there is a growing interest in identifying the explanatory mechanisms of TI, in order to strengthen and retain valued employees for organizations. In line with this trend, the aim of the present study was to test an integrative serial multiple mediation model that examined the possible mediating role of burnout and job satisfaction in the relationships between organizational justice and TI...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
B Temperoni, A Massa, C Derisio, P Martos, C Berghoff, M D Viñas
This study examined the southern or Patagonian (41°-55° S) stock of Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi , the more abundant of the two stocks on the Argentinean continental shelf. Pre-recruits (age 0+ year individuals) of this stock settle and grow in the San Jorge Gulf (45°-47° S, 65° 30' W), a complex habitat with large spatial variability in environmental features. Relative condition factor, hepatosomatic index, lipid content and fatty-acid composition of muscle and liver, and diet information were combined with physical and biological data to evaluate: how nutritional status of age 0+ year hake varies spatially within the nursery ground; whether changes in condition are related to environmental factors and feeding; whether the indices are interchangeable metrics of condition...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Jared P Wood, Stephanie Dowell Beer, Todd S Campbell, Robert B Page
Invasive species are a major threat to global biodiversity. The US state of Florida is especially susceptible to the spread of exotic reptiles due to its subtropical climate, disturbed habitats, and robust pet trade. The Argentine black-and-white tegu (Salvator merianae) is a large, omnivorous lizard currently established in two different regions of Southern Florida. These two populations pose potential threats to sensitive ground nesting species such as gopher tortoises, American crocodiles, and migratory birds...
September 22, 2018: Genetica
J E Romero, J Cepeda, P Quinn, S C Underwood
One of the most traumatic events that a person can ever experience in their lifetime is being detained. The prison dog programmes are the most successful prison rehabilitation programmes in the United States of America and consist of detainees training service dogs for other people to assist with different types of disability. It is a typical win-win system: inmates win as they connect with their deepest feelings of affection and solidarity while acquiring a concrete skill for their future release; people with disabilities win because they receive a dog to support their day-to-day activities; the dogs win (especially adopted street dogs) because their lot in life is improved; institutions win because they are enabled to meet their objective more fully; and society wins because they gain a concrete tool to aid the social rehabilitation of detainees...
April 2018: Revue Scientifique et Technique
Luciana I Melamud, Victoria C Fernández, Analisa Manin, Andrés M Villa
Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a common cause of noninfectious acute encephalitis. We aimed to provide the first review of immune therapy regimens used for patients with AE in Latin America, as well as the safety and efficacy associated with them, by reviewing the medical records of Argentine patients with AE treated between 2013 and 2018. Data included clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging, cerebral spinal fluid, and neoplasm screenings. We examined ten AE patients who received first-line immunotherapy at a median of 2...
September 4, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Alberto Dubrovsky, Ernesto Fulgenzi, Eduardo L De Vito, Fabio Barroso, Andrés Berardo, Mariela Bettini, Daniela Binaghi, Esteban Calabrese, Daniel Carlés, Marcelo Chaves, Fernando Chloca, Eugenia Conti, José Corderi, Federico Di Gennaro, Nélida Ferradás, Agustín Jáuregui, Fabiana Lubieniecki, Claudio Mazia, Marta Medina, Laura Pirra, Juan Politei, Ricardo Reisin, Alberto L Rosa, Marcelo Rugiero, Valeria Salutto, Andrea Schenone, Mario Sussini, Ana L Taratuto
Pompe's disease (PD) is an infrequent metabolic autosomic recessive disorder produced by the lack or deficiency of the acid alpha-glucosidase lysosomal enzyme in tissues of involved individuals. Delayed-onset PD is considered whenever symptoms onset start after one year of age. We present an update of the recommendations for the management of delayed-onset PD, taking as reference the guidelines from the Argentine Consensus for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of PD published in 2013. The present consensus gathered several experts in PD in the areas of internal medicine, laboratory diagnosis, neuropathology, pulmonology, nutrition, neurology, metabolic and neuromuscular disorders as well as rehabilitation to perform an update of the literature of delayed-onset PD, with special attention on relevant information published within the last 4 years...
2018: Medicina
Maria M Ruiz Brünner, Charlene Butler, Eduardo Cuestas
OBJECTIVES: Body weight and height measurements are essential in children for assessing growth and nutrition, for the calculation of medication doses, and for the effectiveness of medical interventions. When direct measurements cannot be made, segmental measures can be used to estimate weight and height. The equations available to estimate height and weight, however, are limited. The aim of this study was to use segmental measures to develop equations for use in pediatric clinical practice...
June 19, 2018: Nutrition
Marisa A Miranda
This article seeks to outline the main features of the stereotype of family promoted by the emblematic institution of the Argentine eugenics movement, the Argentine Eugenics Society (Sociedad Argentina de Eugenesia), an organization founded in 1945 that remained active in the country until the 1970s. It explores the conduct expected both of the man/husband and of the woman/wife, and shows the principal behaviors required to constitute the ideal family, the outlines of which were based on set of sexual moral with an eminently religious bias...
August 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Mónica A Lugo, Eugenia Menoyo, Lucía Risio Allione, María A Negritto, Jeremiah A Henning, Ana M Anton
The Andean Puna is an arid, high-elevation plateau in which plants such as grasses experience high abiotic stress and distinctive environmental conditions. We assessed colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and dark septate endophytes (DSE) in the roots of 20 native grass species and examined the relationship between root-associated fungi (AMF and DSE) as a function of the elevation of study sites, the photosynthetic pathways of the grass hosts, and the hosts' life cycles. In general, grasses were co-colonized by AMF and DSE and the colonization by AMF and DSE was not extensive...
July 2018: Mycologia
Wanda Cornistein, Alberto Cremona, Ana L Chattas, Alejandro Luciani, Lucía Daciuk, Paula A Juárez, Angel M Colque
Representatives of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI) and the Argentine Society of Intensive Therapy (SATI) issued the present recommendations on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of catheter associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI). Articles published during 2006-2016 were analyzed in the light of experts' opinion and local data. This document aims to offer basic strategies to optimize the diagnosis based on clinical and microbiological criteria, provide guidance in empirical and targeted antibiotic schemes, and promote effective measures to reduce the risk of CA-UTI...
2018: Medicina
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