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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535174/probabilistic-multiple-bias-modelling-applied-to-the-canadian-data-from-the-interphone-study-of-mobile-phone-use-and-risk-of-glioma-meningioma-acoustic-neuroma-and-parotid-gland-tumors
#2
F Momoli, J Siemiatycki, M L McBride, M-É Parent, L Richardson, D Bedard, R Platt, M Vrijheid, E Cardis, D Krewski
We undertook a re-analysis of the Canadian data from the thirteen-country INTERPHONE case-control study (2001-2004), which evaluated the association between mobile phone use and risk of brain, acoustic neuroma, and parotid gland tumors. The main publication of the multinational INTERPHONE study concluded that "biases and errors prevent a causal interpretation". We applied a probabilistic multiple-bias model to address possible biases simultaneously, using validation data from billing records and non-participant questionnaires as information on recall error and selective participation...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534023/sexting-prevalence-predictors-and-associated-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-postsecondary-school-young-people-in-ibadan-nigeria
#3
Oluwatoyin Olatunde, Folusho Balogun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sending and receiving sexually suggestive or explicit images or texts (sexting) have been shown to be associated with health risk behaviors but literature about this phenomenon is scarce in Nigeria. This study looked at the prevalence, predictors, and associated sexual risk behaviors of sexting among postsecondary school young persons in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were obtained for sociodemographic characteristics and sexual orientation, sexting behavior, personality assessment (using the International Personality Item Pool Big-Five factor markers), indicators for problematic phone use (using Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale), and sexual behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530794/an-intrinsically-stretchable-electrochromic-display-by-a-composite-film-of-poly-3-4-ethylenedioxythiophene-and-polyurethane
#4
Hiroyuki Kai, Wataru Suda, Yudai Ogawa, Kuniaki Nagamine, Matsuhiko Nishizawa
A stretchable, electrochromic film of a uniform composite of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):p-toluene sulfonic acid (PEDOT:PTS) and polyurethane (PU) (PEDOT/PU) was fabricated, and its integration with a hydrogel as a free-standing, stretchable electrochromic (EC) display was demonstrated. The PEDOT/PU composite film was prepared by the spin coating of a solution containing an EDOT monomer and PU, followed by oxidative polymerization using iron (III) tosylate at elevated temperature. The fabricated film showed reversible electrochromism without an external conductive support...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528560/design-and-implementation-of-a-community-health-worker-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-intervention-in-an-hiv-hot-spot-fishing-community-in-rakai-uganda
#5
Amanda Long, Ismail Mbabali, Heidi E Hutton, Alvin G Thomas, Eva Bugos, Jeremiah Mulamba, Kathy Rivet Amico, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Gertrude Nakigozi, Larry W Chang
Innovative approaches are needed to increase engagement in HIV treatment and prevention services, particularly in HIV hot spots. Here, we detail our design, training approach, and early implementation experiences of a community-based HIV intervention called "health scouts." The intervention, utilizing a novel, theory-based approach, trained 10 community residents in an HIV hot spot fishing community to use motivational interviewing strategies and a mobile phone-based counseling application. During the first 3 months, 771 residents (median 82/health scout, range 27-160) were counseled...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#6
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
May 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526668/north-american-public-opinion-survey-on-the-acceptability-of-crowdsourcing-basic-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-the-pulsepoint-mobile-phone-app
#7
Katie N Dainty, Haris Vaid, Steven C Brooks
BACKGROUND: The PulsePoint Respond app is a novel system that can be implemented in emergency dispatch centers to crowdsource basic life support (BLS) for patients with cardiac arrest and facilitate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator use while first responders are en route. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a North American survey to evaluate the public perception of the above-mentioned strategy, including acceptability and willingness to respond to alerts...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526312/identification-of-low-high-and-super-gelers-and-barriers-to-hand-hygiene-among-intensive-care-unit-nurses
#8
Sharon Lea Kurtz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to provide information identified during hand hygiene (HH) surveillance periods at 5 intensive care units (ICUs) (4 hospitals) in Texas. METHODS: Using room entry and room exit, overt observation periods were 8 consecutive hours for 3-5 days on 64 ICU nurses. RESULTS: A total of 3,620 HH opportunities were recorded during 18 days of observation (144 hours). The average hand hygiene compliance (HHC) rate was 64%, with 19% of the nurses participating in HH in the 60%-69% range...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525550/long-term-survival-and-quality-of-life-after-extracorporeal-life-support-a-10-year-report%C3%A2
#10
Daniele Camboni, Alois Philipp, Verena Rottenkolber, Matthaeus Zerdzitzki, Andreas Holzamer, Bernhard Floerchinger, Dirk Lunz, Thomas Mueller, Christof Schmid, Claudius Diez
OBJECTIVES: Information is lacking about long-term survival and quality of life (QOL) after treating patients on extracorporeal life support. METHODS: Outcome data were assessed by phone interviews, a QOL analysis using the EuroQol 5-dimensions questionnaire and a retrospective inquiry of the Regensburg ECMO Registry database for the decade 2006-2015. A statistical analysis was obtained by comparing patients with a cardiosurgical intervention (CS = 189 patients) with those without (w/oCS = 307 patients)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520768/mobile-phone-reminders-and-peer-counseling-improve-adherence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-on-art-in-malaysia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Faisal Ibrahim, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Norlijah Othman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment remains the cornerstone of long term viral suppression and successful treatment outcomes among patients receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE(S): Evaluate the effectiveness of mobile phone reminders and peer counseling in improving adherence and treatment outcomes among HIV positive patients on ART in Malaysia. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel group RCT conducted in Hospital Sungai Buloh, Malaysia in which 242 adult Malaysian patients were randomized to intervention or control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520478/violence-against-women-and-household-ownership-of-radios-computers-and-phones-in-20-countries
#12
Lauren F Cardoso, Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between household ownership of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and justifications for wife beating. METHODS: Women aged 15 to 49 years in 20 countries were surveyed via UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2006 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regressions accounted for individual-, household-, and structural-level variables. RESULTS: Household ownership of any ICT (radio, computer, fixed phone, or mobile phone but not television) was associated with increased odds of women rejecting wife beating...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511650/pain-pain-intensity-and-pain-disability-in-high-school-students-are-differently-associated-with-physical-activity-screening-hours-and-sleep
#13
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sa-Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the association between physical activity, screen time and sleep and pain usually focus on a limited number of painful body sites. Nevertheless, pain at different body sites is likely to be of different nature. Therefore, this study aims to explore and compare the association between time spent in self-reported physical activity, in screen based activities and sleeping and i) pain presence in the last 7-days for 9 different body sites; ii) pain intensity at 9 different body sites and iii) global disability...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511138/neurodevelopment-for-the-first-three-years-following-prenatal-mobile-phone-use-radio-frequency-radiation-and-lead-exposure
#14
Kyung-Hwa Choi, Mina Ha, Eun-Hee Ha, Hyesook Park, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ae-Kyoung Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung-Do Choi, Nam Kim, Suejin Kim, Choonghee Park
BACKGROUND: Studies examining prenatal exposure to mobile phone use and its effect on child neurodevelopment show different results, according to child's developmental stages. OBJECTIVES: To examine neurodevelopment in children up to 36 months of age, following prenatal mobile phone use and radiofrequency radiation (RFR) exposure, in relation to prenatal lead exposure. METHODS: We analyzed 1198 mother-child pairs from a prospective cohort study (the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health Study)...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508813/web-and-mobile-based-hiv-prevention-and-intervention-programs-pros-and-cons-a-review
#15
Sharareh Niakan, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Tayebeh Noori, Elahe Gozali
BACKGROUND: With the increasing growth of HIV positive people the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) can play an important role in controlling the spread of the AIDS. Web and Mobile are the new technologies that young people take advantage from them. OBJECTIVES: In this study a review to investigate the web and mobile based HIV prevention and intervention programs was carried out. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted including PubMed, Science direct, Web of Science and Proquest to find relevant sources that published in 2009 to 2016...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508796/emedication-meets-ehealth-with-the-electronic-medication-management-assistant-emma
#16
Mauro Tschanz, Tim Lucas Dorner, Kerstin Denecke
BACKGROUND: A patient's healthcare team is often missing a complete overview on the prescribed and dispensed medication. This is due to an inconsistent information flow between the different actors of the healthcare system. Often, only the patient himself knows exactly which drugs he is actually taking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective is to exploit different eHealth technologies available or planned in Switzerland to improve the information flow of the medication data among the stakeholder and to support the patient in managing his medication...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507010/a-systematic-review-of-application-and-effectiveness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-obesity-and-diabetes-treatment-and-self-management
#17
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Hong Xue, Yaqi Huang, Lili Huang, Dongsong Zhang
The use of mobile and wireless technologies and wearable devices for improving health care processes and outcomes (mHealth) is promising for health promotion among patients with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This study comprehensively examined published mHealth intervention studies for obesity and diabetes treatment and management to assess their effectiveness and provide recommendations for future research. We systematically searched PubMed for mHealth-related studies on diabetes and obesity treatment and management published during 2000-2016...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506955/text-messaging-and-mobile-phone-apps-as-interventions-to-improve-adherence-in-adolescents-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#18
Sherif M Badawy, Leonardo Barrera, Mohamad G Sinno, Saara Kaviany, Linda C O'Dwyer, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: The number of adolescents with chronic health conditions (CHCs) continues to increase. Medication nonadherence is a global challenge among adolescents across chronic conditions and is associated with poor health outcomes. While there has been growing interest in the use of mHealth technology to improve medication adherence among adolescents with CHCs, particularly text messaging and mobile phone apps, there has been no prior systematic review of their efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the most recent evidence for the efficacy of text messaging and mobile phone apps as interventions to promote medication adherence among adolescents with CHCs...
May 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504422/effects-of-mobile-phones-on-children-s-and-adolescents-health-a-commentary
#19
Lennart Hardell
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504324/electromagnetic-fields-pulsed-radiofrequency-radiation-and-epigenetics-how-wireless-technologies-may-affect-childhood-development
#20
Cindy Sage, Ernesto Burgio
Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes due to exposure to wireless technologies. Symptoms of retarded memory, learning, cognition, attention, and behavioral problems have been reported in numerous studies and are similarly manifested in autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, as a result of EMF and RFR exposures where both epigenetic drivers and genetic (DNA) damage are likely contributors...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
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