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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457508/integrative-review-of-mobile-phone-contacts-and-medication-adherence-in-severe-mental-illness
#1
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457381/a-multicentre-study-of-validity-and-reliability-of-responses-to-hand-cold-challenge-as-measured-by-laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-and-thermography-outcome-measures-for-systemic-sclerosis-related-raynaud-s-phenomenon
#2
Jack D Wilkinson, Sarah A Leggett, Elizabeth J Marjanovic, Tonia L Moore, John Allen, Marina E Anderson, Jason Britton, Maya H Buch, Francesco Del Galdo, Christopher P Denton, Graham Dinsdale, Bridgett Griffiths, Frances Hall, Kevin Howell, Audrey MacDonald, Neil J McHugh, Joanne B Manning, John D Pauling, Christopher Roberts, Jacqueline A Shipley, Ariane L Herrick, Andrea K Murray
BACKGROUND: Objective and reliable outcome measures to facilitate clinical trials of novel treatments for systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) are badly needed. Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) and thermography are non-invasive measures of perfusion that show excellent potential. The purpose of this multi-centre study was to determine the reliability and validity of a hand cold challenge protocol using LSCI, standard thermography and low-cost mobile phone-based thermography...
February 18, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456806/women-with-hereditary-breast-cancer-predispositions-should-avoid-using-their-smartphones-tablets-and-laptops-at-night
#3
EDITORIAL
Seyed Ali Reza Mortazavi, Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women, both in the developed and developing countries. Women with mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancers. Recent studies show that short-wavelength visible light disturb the secretion of melatonin and causes circadian rhythm disruption. We have previously studied the health effects of exposure to different levels of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) such as mobile phones, mobile base stations, mobile phone jammers, laptop computers, and radars...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454818/comprehensive-characterization-of-printed-circuit-boards-of-various-end-of-life-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-for-beneficiation-investigation
#4
Anshu Priya, Subrata Hait
Comprehensive characterization of printed circuit board (PCB) of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) is obligatory for prospective profitable beneficiation. In this study, beneficiation oriented comprehensive characterization of two brands of PCBs each of 16 end-of-life EEE was conducted in terms of their physicochemical characteristics with special emphasis on the content of 16 general elements, 2 precious metals and 15 rare earth elements (REEs). General elements and their highest weight percent composition found in different PCBs of the EEEs were Cu (23% in laptop), Al (6% in computer), Pb (15% in DVD player) and Ba (7% in TV)...
February 14, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454322/using-ehealth-to-engage-and-retain-priority-populations-in-the-hiv-treatment-and-care-cascade-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
Julianita Purnomo, Katherine Coote, Limin Mao, Ling Fan, Julian Gold, Raghib Ahmad, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The exponential growth in the reach and development of new technologies over the past decade means that mobile technologies and social media play an increasingly important role in service delivery models to maximise HIV testing and access to treatment and care. This systematic review examines the impact of electronic and mobile technologies in medical care (eHealth) in the linkage to and retention of priority populations in the HIV treatment and care cascade, focussing on the Asia-Pacific region...
February 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453391/diffusion-mechanism-in-the-sodium-ion-battery-material-sodium-cobaltate
#6
T J Willis, D G Porter, D J Voneshen, S Uthayakumar, F Demmel, M J Gutmann, M Roger, K Refson, J P Goff
High performance batteries based on the movement of Li ions in Li x CoO 2 have made possible a revolution in mobile electronic technology, from laptops to mobile phones. However, the scarcity of Li and the demand for energy storage for renewables has led to intense interest in Na-ion batteries, including structurally-related Na x CoO 2 . Here we have determined the diffusion mechanism for Na 0.8 CoO 2 using diffuse x-ray scattering, quasi-elastic neutron scattering and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations, and we find that the sodium ordering provides diffusion pathways and governs the diffusion rate...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451091/comparing-the-effects-of-education-using-telephone-follow-up-and-smartphone-based-social-networking-follow-up-on-self-management-behaviors-among-patients-with-hypertension
#7
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Sanaz Sharifian, Mehdi Nasr Isfahani, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: The use of social networks in healthcare is a new area of research. Little is known about the benefits of this method in the management of the physical conditions of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of self-management education using telephone follow-up and mobile phone-based social networking on self-management behaviors among patients with hypertension. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted with 100 patients who were selected using a convenience sampling method...
February 16, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450383/eyesight-quality-and-computer-vision-syndrome
#8
Camelia Margareta Bogdănici, Diana Elena Săndulache, Corina Andreea Nechita
The aim of the study was to analyze the effects that gadgets have on eyesight quality. A prospective observational study was conducted from January to July 2016, on 60 people who were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 30 middle school pupils with a mean age of 11.9 ± 1.86 and Group 2 - 30 patients evaluated in the Ophthalmology Clinic, "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital, Iași, with a mean age of 21.36 ± 7.16 years. The clinical parameters observed were the following: visual acuity (VA), objective refraction, binocular vision (BV), fusional amplitude (FA), Schirmer's test...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449958/a-mobile-phone-based-program-to-promote-healthy-behaviors-among-adults-with-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Dina H Griauzde, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Brad Liestenfeltz, Caroline Richardson, Michele Heisler
Background: Rates of participation in Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) are low. This may be due, in part, to low levels of autonomous motivation (i.e., motivation that arises from internal sources and sustains healthy behaviors over time) to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among many individuals with prediabetes. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies that incorporate principles from the Self-Determination Theory offer an effective and scalable approach to increase autonomous motivation levels...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449298/clinical-validation-of-a-public-health-policy-making-platform-for-hearing-loss-evotion-protocol-for-a-big-data-study
#10
Giorgos Dritsakis, Dimitris Kikidis, Nina Koloutsou, Louisa Murdin, Athanasios Bibas, Katherine Ploumidou, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Doris-Eva Bamiou
INTRODUCTION: The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449201/peer-coaching-through-mhealth-targeting-physical-activity-in-people-with-parkinson-disease-feasibility-study
#11
Cristina Colón-Semenza, Nancy K Latham, Lisa M Quintiliani, Terry D Ellis
BACKGROUND: Long-term engagement in exercise and physical activity mitigates the progression of disability and increases quality of life in people with Parkinson disease (PD). Despite this, the vast majority of individuals with PD are sedentary. There is a critical need for a feasible, safe, acceptable, and effective method to assist those with PD to engage in active lifestyles. Peer coaching through mobile health (mHealth) may be a viable approach. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a PD-specific peer coach training program and a remote peer-mentored walking program using mHealth technology with the goal of increasing physical activity in persons with PD...
February 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445152/fourier-transform-spectrometer-on-silicon-with-thermo-optic-non-linearity-and-dispersion-correction
#12
Mario C M M Souza, Andrew Grieco, Newton C Frateschi, Yeshaiahu Fainman
Miniaturized integrated spectrometers will have unprecedented impact on applications ranging from unmanned aerial vehicles to mobile phones, and silicon photonics promises to deliver compact, cost-effective devices. Mirroring its ubiquitous free-space counterpart, a silicon photonics-based Fourier transform spectrometer (Si-FTS) can bring broadband operation and fine resolution to the chip scale. Here we present the modeling and experimental demonstration of a thermally tuned Si-FTS accounting for dispersion, thermo-optic non-linearity, and thermal expansion...
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444607/psychometric-evaluation-of-persian-nomophobia-questionnaire-differential-item-functioning-and-measurement-invariance-across-gender
#13
Chung-Ying Lin, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
Background and aims Research examining problematic mobile phone use has increased markedly over the past 5 years and has been related to "no mobile phone phobia" (so-called nomophobia). The 20-item Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q) is the only instrument that assesses nomophobia with an underlying theoretical structure and robust psychometric testing. This study aimed to confirm the construct validity of the Persian NMP-Q using Rasch and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models. Methods After ensuring the linguistic validity, Rasch models were used to examine the unidimensionality of each Persian NMP-Q factor among 3,216 Iranian adolescents and CFAs were used to confirm its four-factor structure...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443903/qlog-solar-cell-mode-photodiode-logarithmic-cmos-pixel-using-charge-compression-and-readout
#14
Yang Ni
In this paper, we present a new logarithmic pixel design currently under development at New Imaging Technologies SA (NIT). This new logarithmic pixel design uses charge domain logarithmic signal compression and charge-transfer-based signal readout. This structure gives a linear response in low light conditions and logarithmic response in high light conditions. The charge transfer readout efficiently suppresses the reset (KTC) noise by using true correlated double sampling (CDS) in low light conditions. In high light conditions, thanks to charge domain logarithmic compression, it has been demonstrated that 3000 electrons should be enough to cover a 120 dB dynamic range with a mobile phone camera-like signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) over the whole dynamic range...
February 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439946/mobile-phone-apps-for-behavioral-interventions-for-at-risk-drinkers-in-australia-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Carol C Choo, André A D Burton
BACKGROUND: The mobile technology era has ushered in the use of mobile phone apps for behavioral intervention for at-risk drinkers. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review recent research relevant to mobile phone apps that can be used for behavioral intervention for at-risk drinkers in Australia. METHODS: The inclusion criteria for this review were articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2001 to 2017 with use of the search terms "smartphone application," "alcohol," "substance," "behavioural intervention," "electronic health," and "mobile health...
February 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439941/role-of-social-media-in-diabetes-management-in-the-middle-east-region-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Turki Alanzi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major health care burden in the Middle East region. Social networking tools can contribute to the management of diabetes with improved educational and care outcomes using these popular tools in the region. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of social networking interventions on the improvement of diabetes management and health outcomes in patients with diabetes in the Middle East. METHODS: Peer-reviewed articles from PubMed (1990-2017) and Google Scholar (1990-2017) were identified using various combinations of predefined terms and search criteria...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437546/theories-applied-to-m-health-interventions-for-behavior-change-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#17
Yoon-Min Cho, Seohyun Lee, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Sun-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently there has been dramatic increase in the use of mobile technologies for health (m-Health) in both high and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, little is known whether m-Health interventions in LMICs are based on relevant theories critical for effective implementation of such interventions. This review aimed to systematically identify m-Health studies on health behavioral changes in LMICs and to examine how each study applied behavior change theories...
February 13, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434016/increasing-physical-activity-amongst-overweight-and-obese-cancer-survivors-using-an-alexa-based-intelligent-agent-for-patient-coaching-protocol-for-the-physical-activity-by-technology-help-path-trial
#18
Ahmed Hassoon, Jennifer Schrack, Daniel Naiman, Dina Lansey, Yasmin Baig, Vered Stearns, David Celentano, Seth Martin, Lawrence Appel
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has established health benefits, but motivation and adherence remain challenging. OBJECTIVE: We designed and launched a three-arm randomized trial to test artificial intelligence technology solutions to increase daily physical activity in cancer survivors. METHODS: A single-center, three-arm randomized clinical trial with an allocation ration of 1:1:1: (A) control, in which participants are provided written materials about the benefits of physical activity; (B) text intervention, where participants receive daily motivation from a fully automated, data-driven algorithmic text message via mobile phone (Coachtext); and (C) Voice Assist intervention, where participants are provided with an in-home on demand autonomous Intelligent Agent using data driven Interactive Digital Voice Assist on the Amazon Alexa/Echo (MyCoach)...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433537/effect-of-mobile-health-on-maternal-health-care-service-utilization-in-eastern-ethiopia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Tilayie Feto Gelano, Nega Assefa, Yadeta Dessie Bacha, Afendi Abdi Mahamed, Kedir Teji Roba, Mitiku Teshome Hambisa
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rapid development of mobile technology has created new ways of addressing public health challenges and shifted the paradigm of health care access and delivery. The primary aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of Mobile-health on maternal health care service utilization in Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS/DESIGN: Through, a cluster-randomized controlled trial, 640 participants will be selected based on their districts and respective health centers as the unit of randomization...
February 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433506/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan
#20
Ona McCarthy, Irrfan Ahamed, Firuza Kulaeva, Ravshan Tokhirov, Salokhiddin Saibov, Marieka Vandewiele, Sarah Standaert, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Melissa Palmer, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is associated with poorer health outcomes for women and their families. In Tajikistan, around 26% of married 15-24 year old women have an unmet need for contraception. There is some evidence that interventions delivered by mobile phone can affect contraceptive-related behaviour and knowledge. We developed an intervention delivered by mobile phone app instant messaging to improve acceptability of effective contraceptive methods among young people in Tajikistan...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
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