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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049382/reaching-the-end-of-the-line-operational-issues-with-implementing-phone-based-unannounced-pill-counts-in-resource-limited-settings
#1
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Camilla Burkot, Suzue Saito, Koen Frederix, Blanche Pitt, Zenebe Melaku, Tsigereda Gadisa, Andrea A Howard
INTRODUCTION: Accurate measurement of adherence is necessary to ensure that therapeutic outcomes can be attributed to the recommended treatment. Phone-based unannounced pill counts were shown to be feasible and reliable measures of adherence in developed settings; and have been further used as part of medication adherence interventions. However, it is not clear whether this method can be implemented successfully in resource-limited settings, where cellular network and mobile phone coverage may be low...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048181/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-using-mobile-phones-to-deliver-contingency-management-of-tobacco-abstinence-to-high-school-students
#2
Grace Kong, Alissa L Goldberg, Jesse Dallery, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a smoking cessation intervention that used mobile phones to remotely deliver reinforcements contingent on tobacco abstinence (contingency management [CM]) and weekly in-person cognitive-behavioral therapy to adolescent smokers. Daily adolescent smokers (N = 15; 12 completed study procedures, 3 dropped out) were recruited to participate in a 4-week study. During the first 2 weeks, daily text messages sent at random times prompted participants to transmit a video of themselves providing a carbon monoxide (CO) sample...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044859/testing-feasibility-of-an-accurate-microscopic-assessment-of-macrovesicular-steatosis-in-liver-allograft-biopsies-by-smartphone-add-on-lenses
#3
Manuela Cesaretti, Nicolas Poté, Federica Dondero, François Cauchy, Anne Sophie Schneck, Olivier Soubrane, Valerie Paradis, Alberto Diaspro, Andrea Antonini
Light microscopy is an essential tool in histological examination of tissue samples. However, the required equipment for a correct and rapid diagnosis is sometimes unavailable. Smartphones and mobile phone networks are widespread, and could be used for diagnostic imaging and telemedicine. Macrovesicular steatosis (MS) is a major risk factor for liver graft failure, and is only assessable by microscopic examination of a frozen tissue section. The aim of this study was to compare the microscopic assessment of MS in liver allograft biopsies by a smartphone with eyepiece adaptor (BLIPS device) to standard light microscopy...
October 17, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044567/response-to-the-comments-on-analysis-of-mobile-phone-use-among-young-patients-with-brain-tumors-in-japan
#4
Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041380/efficient-demodulation-scheme-for-rolling-shutter-patterning-of-cmos-image-sensor-based-visible-light-communications
#5
Chia-Wei Chen, Chi-Wai Chow, Yang Liu, Chien-Hung Yeh
Recently even the low-end mobile-phones are equipped with a high-resolution complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor. This motivates using a CMOS image sensor for visible light communication (VLC). Here we propose and demonstrate an efficient demodulation scheme to synchronize and demodulate the rolling shutter pattern in image sensor based VLC. The implementation algorithm is discussed. The bit-error-rate (BER) performance and processing latency are evaluated and compared with other thresholding schemes...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038553/a-comparison-of-passive-and-active-estimates-of-sleep-in-a-cohort-with-schizophrenia
#6
Patrick Staples, John Torous, Ian Barnett, Kenzie Carlson, Luis Sandoval, Matcheri Keshavan, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
Sleep abnormalities are considered an important feature of schizophrenia, yet convenient and reliable sleep monitoring remains a challenge. Smartphones offer a novel solution to capture both self-reported and objective measures of sleep in schizophrenia. In this three-month observational study, 17 subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia currently in treatment downloaded Beiwe, a platform for digital phenotyping, on their personal Apple or Android smartphones. Subjects were given tri-weekly ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) on their own smartphones, and passive data including accelerometer, GPS, screen use, and anonymized call and text message logs was continuously collected...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037179/piloting-a-mhealth-intervention-to-improve-newborn-care-awareness-among-rural-cambodian-mothers-a-feasibility-study
#7
Shan Huang, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, the World Health Organization reports that the chances of a child dying is highest in the first month of life, the neonatal period. The neonatal mortality rate in Cambodia is 18 per 1000 live births. In the province of Kampong Chhnang, that rate is the fifth highest among the 24 provinces of Cambodia at 27 per 1000 live births. We piloted a project to determine the feasibility of using a mHealth intervention (the use of mobile devices to improve health outcomes) to increase mothers' awareness about neonatal care and promote the government policy 'Safe Motherhood Protocols for Health Centres' which are in line with WHO recommendations for neonatal care...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036398/re-modeled-and-perceived-exposure-to-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-from-mobile-phone-base-stations-and-the-development-of-symptoms-over-time-in-a-general-population-cohort
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033984/are-food-allergic-consumers-ready-for-informative-precautionary-allergen-labelling
#9
Giovanni A Zurzolo, Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Maximilian de Courten, Michael L Mathai, Katrina J Allen
Precautionary allergen labelling (PAL) has resulted in consumer confusion. Previous research has shown that interpretive labels (using graphics, symbols, or colours) are better understood than the traditional forms of labels. In this study, we aimed to understand if consumers would use interpretive labels (symbol, mobile phone application and a toll-free number) with or without medical advice that was advocated by the food industry rather than the normal PAL. This is relevant information for industry and clinicians as it provides an insight into the food allergic perception regarding PAL...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032184/exploring-young-adult-perspectives-on-the-use-of-gamification-and-social-media-in-a-smartphone-platform-for-improving-vegetable-intake
#10
Monica Marina Nour, Anika Saiyara Rouf, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
Young adults are the poorest consumers of vegetables. Social media and smartphones are frequently used by this demographic and could serve as an engaging medium for nutrition promotion. Five focus groups were conducted to capture participants' perceptions of a theory-based gamified self-monitoring app for improving vegetable intake of young adults. Ranking activities were used to gather feedback on preferences for social media posts. Data arising from group discussion were analysed using NVivo software using a deductive approach to group common ideas into themes...
October 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031754/predictors-of-insomnia-onset-in-adolescents-in-japan
#11
Mikiko Tokiya, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the incidence rate and predictive factors of insomnia in Japanese junior and senior high school students. METHODS: We conducted a baseline survey on first year junior and senior high school students (seventh and 10th graders) throughout the nation. A follow-up survey was then conducted two years later. For both surveys, we used self-administered questionnaires inquiring about sleep, mental health status, lifestyle, participation in club activities, and study hours...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030326/consumer-health-related-activities-on-social-media-exploratory-study
#12
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have investigated how consumers use social media for health-related purposes, there is a paucity of studies in the Australian context. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how Australian consumers used social media for health-related purposes, specifically how they identified social media platforms, which were used, and which health-related activities commonly took place. METHODS: A total of 5 focus groups (n=36 participants), each lasting 60 to 90 minutes, were conducted in the Sydney metropolitan area...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029691/geo-spatial-reporting-for-monitoring-of-household-immunization-coverage-through-mobile-phones-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#13
A M Kazi, M Ali, Ayub K, H Kalimuddin, K Zubair, A N Kazi, Artani A, S A Ali
BACKGROUND: The addition of Global Positioning System (GPS) to a mobile phone makes it a very powerful tool for surveillance and monitoring coverage of health programs. This technology enables transfer of data directly into computer applications and cross-references to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) maps, which enhances assessment of coverage and trends. OBJECTIVE: Utilization of these systems in low and middle income countries is currently limited, particularly for immunization coverage assessments and polio vaccination campaigns...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027950/control-design-and-digital-implementation-of-a-fast-2-degree-of-freedom-translational-optical-image-stabilizer-for-image-sensors-in-mobile-camera-phones
#14
Jeremy H-S Wang, Kang-Fu Qiu, Paul C-P Chao
This study presents design, digital implementation and performance validation of a lead-lag controller for a 2-degree-of-freedom (DOF) translational optical image stabilizer (OIS) installed with a digital image sensor in mobile camera phones. Nowadays, OIS is an important feature of modern commercial mobile camera phones, which aims to mechanically reduce the image blur caused by hand shaking while shooting photos. The OIS developed in this study is able to move the imaging lens by actuating its voice coil motors (VCMs) at the required speed to the position that significantly compensates for imaging blurs by hand shaking...
October 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026392/evaluation-of-the-mobile-phone-electromagnetic-radiation-on-serum-iron-parameters-in-rats
#15
Murat Çetkin, Can Demirel, Neşe Kızılkan, Nur Aksoy, Hülya Erbağcı
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic fields (EMF) created by mobile phones during communication have harmful effects on different organs. OBJECTIVES: It was aimed to investigate the effects of an EMF created by a mobile phone on serum iron level, ferritin, unsaturated iron binding capacity and total iron binding capacity within a rat experiment model. METHODS: A total of 32 male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into the control, sham, mobile phone speech (2h/day) and stand by (12 h/day) groups...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025693/characterizing-active-ingredients-of-ehealth-interventions-targeting-persons-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-behavior-change-techniques-taxonomy-scoping-review
#16
Mihiretu M Kebede, Tatjana P Liedtke, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The behavior change technique taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1; Michie and colleagues, 2013) is a comprehensive tool to characterize active ingredients of interventions and includes 93 labels that are hierarchically clustered into 16 hierarchical clusters. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredients in electronic health (eHealth) interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and relevant outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023735/shortening-of-an-existing-generic-online-health-related-quality-of-life-instrument-for-dogs
#17
J Reid, L Wiseman-Orr, M Scott
OBJECTIVE: Development, initial validation and reliability testing of a shortened version of a web-based questionnaire instrument to measure generic health-related quality of life in companion dogs, to facilitate smartphone and online use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The original 46 items were reduced using expert judgment and factor analysis. Items were removed on the basis of item loadings and communalities on factors identified through factor analysis of responses from owners of healthy and unwell dogs, intrafactor item correlations, readability of items in the UK, USA and Australia and ability of individual items to discriminate between healthy and unwell dogs...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021132/willingness-to-use-mobile-phone-apps-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-web-based-survey
#18
William C Goedel, Jason W Mitchell, Paul Krebs, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) use apps to connect with and meet other MSM. Given that these apps are often used to arrange sexual encounters, it is possible that apps may be suitable venues for messages and initiatives related to HIV prevention such as those to increase HIV testing rates among this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess willingness to use a new app for reminders of when to be tested for HIV infection among a sample of MSM in London who use apps to arrange sexual encounters...
October 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021127/fall-detection-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations-using-mobile-phones-machine-learning-enhances-robustness-for-real-world-applications
#19
Nicholas Shawen, Luca Lonini, Chaithanya Krishna Mummidisetty, Ilona Shparii, Mark V Albert, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Automatically detecting falls with mobile phones provides an opportunity for rapid response to injuries and better knowledge of what precipitated the fall and its consequences. This is beneficial for populations that are prone to falling, such as people with lower limb amputations. Prior studies have focused on fall detection in able-bodied individuals using data from a laboratory setting. Such approaches may provide a limited ability to detect falls in amputees and in real-world scenarios...
October 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021116/efficacy-of-a-technology-based-integrated-smoking-cessation-and-alcohol-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-in-adolescents-results-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Tobias Kowatsch, Andreas Filler, Michael P Schaub
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a technology-based integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention versus a smoking cessation only intervention in adolescents. METHODS: This was a two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial with assessments at baseline and six months follow-up. Subjects in both groups received tailored mobile phone text messages to support smoking cessation for 3months, and the option of registering for a program incorporating strategies for smoking cessation centred around a self-defined quit date...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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