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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913763/perceived-benefit-from-hearing-aid-use-and-life-space-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Hannele Polku, Tuija M Mikkola, Jean-Pierre Gagné, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between perceived benefit from hearing aid (HA) use and life-space mobility among older adults. METHOD: Cross-sectional analysis of 76- to 91-year-old community-dwelling adults (n = 702). Data on perceived hearing with and without a HA were obtained via postal questionnaire and data on life-space mobility (Life-Space Assessment, range = 0-120) via phone interview. RESULTS: Participants who perceived more benefit from HA use, had a better life-space mobility score (M = 65, SD = 2...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913373/mobile-phone-apps-to-improve-medication-adherence-a-systematic-stepwise-process-to-identify-high-quality-apps
#2
Karla Santo, Sarah S Richtering, John Chalmers, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: There are a growing number of mobile phone apps available to support people in taking their medications and to improve medication adherence. However, little is known about how these apps differ in terms of features, quality, and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the medication reminder apps available in the Australian iTunes store and Google Play to assess their features and their quality in order to identify high-quality apps...
December 2, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913363/detecting-breathing-and-snoring-episodes-using-a-wireless-tracheal-sensor-a-feasibility-study
#3
Marcel Mlynczak, Ewa Migacz, Maciej Migacz, Wojciech Kukwa
OBJECTIVE: Sleep-disordered breathing is both a clinical and a social problem. This implies the need for convenient solutions to simplify screening and diagnosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of a novel wireless system in detecting breathing and snoring episodes during sleep. METHODS: A wireless acoustic sensor was elaborated and implemented. Segmentation (based on spectral thresholding and heuristics) and classification of all breathing episodes during recording were implemented through a mobile application...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911288/the-effect-of-base-transceiver-station-waves-on-some-immunological-and-hematological-factors-in-exposed-persons
#4
Mohammad Taheri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Jamileh Ghaffari, Samira Rahimnejad, Behzad Nazel Khosroshahi, Mohsen Aliabadi, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian
BACKGROUND: Since the number of mobile subscribers has significantly increased in recent years, the installation and deployment of Base Transceiver Station (BTS) antennas sending and receiving signals has become common and inevitable in different regions. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have tried to evaluate the effect of the waves on some immunological and hematological parameters in exposed individuals. In this study, the exposed and non-exposed individuals were used as the test and control groups, respectively...
November 25, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909370/development-of-a-telephone-interview-version-of-the-chedoke-mcmaster-stroke-assessment-activity-inventory
#5
Ruth Barclay, Patricia A Miller, Sepideh Pooyania, Paul Stratford
Purpose: To develop a telephone version of the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment Activity Inventory (CMSA-AI) and estimate the test-retest reliability, interrater reliability (between participant and proxy), and construct validity of the scores for individuals with stroke. Methods: Adults with stroke and their caregivers or proxies were included. Participants were assessed with the CMSA-AI at discharge from a stroke rehabilitation unit and interviewed using the telephone version (TCMSA-AI). Two months after discharge, participants were evaluated with the CMSA-AI and interviewed over the phone using the TCMSA-AI on two occasions 2-3 days apart...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906071/are-digital-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-effective-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in the general population and may be effective for supporting cessation in pregnancy due to their flexibility and the potential for personalisation. To date, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905974/dynamic-denominators-the-impact-of-seasonally-varying-population-numbers-on-disease-incidence-estimates
#7
Elisabeth Zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski, Andrew J Tatem
BACKGROUND: Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate estimates of denominators to transform case counts into incidence measures. These denominator estimates generally come from national censuses and use large area growth rates to estimate annual changes. Typically, they do not account for any seasonal fluctuations and thus assume a static denominator population...
October 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905970/a-feasibility-study-on-using-smartphones-to-conduct-short-version-verbal-autopsies-in-rural-china
#8
Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources-the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system-present their own challenges. A new approach to cause of death assignment is a smartphone-based shortened version of a verbal autopsy survey. This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of this new method conducted by township health care providers (THP) and village doctors (VD) in rural China, where a large proportion of deaths occur in homes and cause of death data are inaccurate or lacking...
August 20, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#9
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903766/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-measures-to-reduce-risk
#10
REVIEW
Brendan Mclean, Rohit Shankar, Jane Hanna, Caryn Jory, Craig Newman
This review looks at the strategies that may help to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy beyond that of trying to achieve seizure cessation, which is not possible for up to 30% of patients with epilepsy. These strategies include seizure safety checklists, mobile phone technology, telehealth and various devices currently available or in development. We highlight interventions where there is evidence of benefit, and draw attention for the need both to involve patients with epilepsy in risk reduction and to improve communication with those at risk...
November 30, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901344/effect-of-electromagnetic-waves-from-mobile-phone-on-immune-status-of-male-rats-possible-protective-role-of-vitamin-d
#11
Ola Ahmed El-Gohary, Mona Abdel-Azeem Said
There are considerable public concerns about the relationship between mobile phone radiation and human health. The present study assesses the effect of electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted from a mobile phone on the immune system in rats and the possible protective role of vitamin D. Rats were randomly divided into six groups: Group I: control group; Group II: received vitamin D (1000 IU/kg/day) orally; Group III: exposed to EMF 1 h/day; Group IV: exposed to EMF 2 h/day; Group V: exposed to EMF 1 h/day and received vitamin D (1000 IU/kg/day); Group VI: exposed to EMF 2 h/day and received vitamin D (1000 IU/kg/day)...
September 5, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900296/outcomes-after-quadriceps-tendon-repair-in-patients-over-80-years-of-age
#12
Prasad Ellanti, Andrew Moriarty, Matthew Nagle, Tom McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps tendon (QT) ruptures are uncommon and mostly occur in those who are 50-60 years of age. Timely surgical repair can result in a good functional outcome, however, little is known about the outcome in the older patient. METHODS: A retrospective review of all QT ruptures between 2009 and 2014 was conducted. Patients over the age of 80 were included. Those with penetrating trauma or partial ruptures were excluded. A chart review was undertaken to gather demographic and operative details...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900151/can-the-otago-falls-prevention-program-be-delivered-by-video-a-feasibility-study
#13
Jennifer C Davis, Chun Liang Hsu, Winnie Cheung, Penny M A Brasher, Linda C Li, Karim M Khan, Jonathan Sykes, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the feasibility of delivering the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) via an interactive DVD (ie, OEP-DVD) in combination with monthly physical therapist phone calls to older adults. DESIGN: This pre-post (baseline and 6-month follow-up) study included an intervention group (n=61) based in a rural location and a control group (n=21) based in a city. SETTING: Sechelt and Vancouver, British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: 82 community-dwelling adults ≥75 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899727/using-smartphones-to-collect-behavioral-data-in-psychological-science-opportunities-practical-considerations-and-challenges
#14
Gabriella M Harari, Nicholas D Lane, Rui Wang, Benjamin S Crosier, Andrew T Campbell, Samuel D Gosling
Smartphones now offer the promise of collecting behavioral data unobtrusively, in situ, as it unfolds in the course of daily life. Data can be collected from the onboard sensors and other phone logs embedded in today's off-the-shelf smartphone devices. These data permit fine-grained, continuous collection of people's social interactions (e.g., speaking rates in conversation, size of social groups, calls, and text messages), daily activities (e.g., physical activity and sleep), and mobility patterns (e.g., frequency and duration of time spent at various locations)...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#15
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#16
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896909/homeless-patients-perceptions-about-using-cell-phones-to-manage-medications-and-attend-appointments
#17
Leticia R Moczygemba, Lauren S Cox, Samantha A Marks, Margaret A Robinson, Jean-Venable R Goode, Nellie Jafari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) describe homeless persons' access and use of cell phones and their perceptions about using cell phone alerts to help manage medications and attend health care appointments and (2) identify demographic characteristics, medication use and appointment history and perceptions associated with interest in receiving cell phone alerts to manage medications and appointments. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 at a homeless clinic in Virginia...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894981/hiv-prevalence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-istanbul
#18
Fatma Sargin, Safak Goktas
OBJECTIVES: A re-emergence of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) represents a serious health issue. This study aimed to assess the HIV prevalence among MSM in a large metropole of a very low prevalence population. DESIGN AND METHODS: A public campaign for raising awareness on HIV infection and for providing access to anonymous testing was conducted in places frequented by MSM and through a mobile phone application. No identity information was requested from individuals calling the call-center, and anonymous and free HIV testing was offered proactively...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894679/use-of-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-assay-in-occupational-biomonitoring-of-genome-damage-caused-by-in-vivo-exposure-to-chemical-genotoxins-past-present-and-future
#19
REVIEW
Armen Nersesyan, Michael Fenech, Claudia Bolognesi, Miroslav Mišík, Tahereh Setayesh, Georg Wultsch, Stefano Bonassi, Philip Thomas, Siegfried Knasmüller
This article concerns the use of the lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay in biomonitoring of occupational and environmental exposures to genotoxic agents. Furthermore, we evaluated the use of this method in different exposure scenarios, in comparison to other DNA damage biomarkers and its regional distribution. So far ca. 400 studies have been published and the number increased substantially in the last years. The most frequently investigated groups are hospital personnel, followed by workers in the chemical industry and agricultural workers...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894271/effectiveness-of-a-physical-exercise-intervention-program-in-improving-functional-mobility-in-older-adults-after-hip-fracture-in-later-stage-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-reative-study
#20
Camila Astolphi Lima, Catherine Sherrington, Adriana Guaraldo, Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Renata Dos Ramos Varanda, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Kodi Edson Kojima, Monica Perracini
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures resulting from falls increase substantially with advancing age and less than half of older hip fracture survivors regain their former levels of mobility. There is increasing evidence that rehabilitation interventions with exercises that goes beyond the sub-acute phase or even in a later stage of care have a positive impact on various functional abilities. The purpose of this study is to determine if exercise program training for people who have suffered a fall-related hip fracture will improve functional mobility when compared with usual care...
November 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
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