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Chronic fatigue exercise

Xiangli Xiao, Jian Wang, Yanmei Gu, Yanfang Cai, Lixin Ma
BACKGROUND: Low self-efficacy in chronic disease patients is one of the main disturbances which require physical and mental rehabilitation, calling for the development of a home accessible way to improve self-management. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a community based Baduanjin exercise on self-efficacy in adults with cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, longitudinal research design was employed...
2018: PloS One
Fabrício Edler Macagnan, Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Érika Zanchet Cristofoli, Marília Godoy, Jociane Schardong, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
Pre-exercise photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) reduces fatigue and enhances performance in different populations. However, PBMT benefits have never been tested on chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, who present muscle weakness, fatigue, and reduced functional performance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of three different doses of the PBMT on maximal handgrip strength of CKD patients. Fifteen volunteers (58 ± 8 years, 10 male/5 female) under chronic hemodialysis treatment (6 ± 4 years) participated in a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
July 29, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Xue Wang, Yidi Qu, Yongfeng Zhang, Shaopeng Li, Yiyang Sun, Zepeng Chen, Lirong Teng, Di Wang
Sarcodon imbricatus (SI), a precious edible fungus, contains 35.22% of total sugar, 18.33% of total protein, 24 types of fatty acid, 16 types of amino acid, and 8 types of minerals. Encouragingly, it is rich in potential antioxidants such as total polyphenols (0.41%), total sterols (3.16%), and vitamins (0.44%). In the present study, the antifatigue properties of SI and its potential mechanisms of action were explored by the experiments on acute excise-treated mice and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) mice. SI (0...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Rosie Twomey, Tristan Martin, John Temesi, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Guillaume Y Millet
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and distressing symptom of cancer and/or cancer treatment that persists for years after treatment completion in approximately one third of cancer survivors. Exercise is beneficial for the management of CRF, and general exercise guidelines for cancer survivors are available. There are multiple potential pathways by which exercise improves CRF, and cancer survivors with CRF are diverse with respect to cancer type, treatments and experienced side effects...
July 24, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ernesto Crisafulli, Matteo Vigna, Antonella Ielpo, Panagiota Tzani, Angelo Mangia, Elisabetta Teopompi, Marina Aiello, Veronica Alfieri, Giuseppina Bertorelli, Paolo Palange, Alfredo Chetta
Background Heart rate recovery delay is a marker of cardiac autonomic dysfunction. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, the ventilatory response to exercise during incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test may add information about dynamic hyperinflation by low values of inspiratory capacity/total lung capacity ratio (at peak) and excess ventilation by the slope of minute ventilation to carbon dioxide output ratio (VE /VCO2 slope ). We aimed to assess if the ventilatory response to exercise might be a determinant for heart rate recovery delay...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Susan Lee King Yuan, Amélia Pasqual Marques
Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic syndrome characterised by chronic widespread pain, often associated with fatigue, unrefreshed sleep and cognitive problems. Effective management of fibromyalgia requires a proactive approach in which the patient takes responsibility for self-care. The purpose of this research was to develop an application (app) for promoting self-care as a complementary Mobile Health resource to physical therapy in the management of fibromyalgia. The app was developed in five stages, according to the prototyping paradigm...
June 20, 2018: Physiotherapy
Stergios A Polyzos, Andrew N Margioris
Sarcopenic obesity, a chronic condition, is today a major public health problem with increasing prevalence worldwide, which is due to progressively aging populations, the increasing prevalence of obesity, and the changes in lifestyle during the last several decades. Patients usually present to healthcare facilities for obesity and related comorbidities (type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease) or for non-specific symptoms related to sarcopenia per se (e...
July 16, 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Beraki Abraha, Arthur R Chaves, Liam P Kelly, Elizabeth M Wallack, Katie P Wadden, Jason McCarthy, Michelle Ploughman
Objective: Evaluate intensity-dependent effects of a single bout of high intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to moderate intensity constant-load exercise (MICE) on corticospinal excitability (CSE) and effects on upper limb performance in chronic stroke. Design: Randomized cross-over trial. Setting: Research laboratory in a tertiary rehabilitation hospital. Participants: Convenience sample of 12 chronic stroke survivors. Outcome measures: Bilateral CSE measures of intracortical inhibition and facilitation, motor thresholds, and motor evoked potential (MEP) latency using transcranial magnetic stimulation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Md Anamul Islam, Nur Azah Hamzaid, Morufu Olusola Ibitoye, Nazirah Hasnan, Ahmad Khairi Abdul Wahab, Glen M Davis
BACKGROUND: Investigation of muscle fatigue during functional electrical stimulation (FES)-evoked exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury using dynamometry has limited capability to characterize the fatigue state of individual muscles. Mechanomyography has the potential to represent the state of muscle function at the muscle level. This study sought to investigate surface mechanomyographic responses evoked from quadriceps muscles during FES-cycling, and to quantify its changes between pre- and post-fatiguing conditions in individuals with spinal cord injury...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Gordon McGregor, Stuart Ennis, Richard Powell, Thomas Hamborg, Neil T Raymond, William Owen, Nicolas Aldridge, Gail Evans, Josie Goodby, Sue Hewins, Prithwish Banerjee, Nithya S Krishnan, Stephen M S Ting, Daniel Zehnder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise capacity is reduced in chronic kidney failure (CKF). Intra-dialytic cycling is beneficial, but comorbidity and fatigue can prevent this type of training. Low-frequency electrical muscle stimulation (LF-EMS) of the quadriceps and hamstrings elicits a cardiovascular training stimulus and may be a suitable alternative. The main objectives of this trial were to assess the feasibility and efficacy of intra-dialytic LF-EMS vs. cycling. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Assessor blind, parallel group, randomized controlled pilot study with sixty-four stable patients on maintenance hemodialysis...
2018: PloS One
Tharshika Thangarasa, Rameez Imtiaz, Swapnil Hiremath, Deborah Zimmerman
Background: Exercise has been shown to be of benefit in the general population and in patients with chronic diseases. Despite a lack of compelling evidence, patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) are often discouraged from participating in exercise programs that include weight lifting due to concerns about the development of hernias and leaks. The actual effects of physical activity with or without structured exercise programs for patients on PD remain unclear...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Puneeta Tandon, Kathleen Patricia Ismond, Kenneth Riess, Andres Duarte-Rojo, Bandar Al-Judaibi, Michael Andrew Dunn, Jennifer Holman, Nancy Howes, Mark Joseph Franklin Haykowsky, Deborah Ann Josbeno, Margaret McNeely
Physical inactivity, sarcopenia, and frailty are highly prevalent, independent predictors of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Across a range of chronic diseases, exercise training is a key recommendation supported by guidelines and, in some conditions, even by governmental funding of exercise programs. Consistent with the broader chronic disease literature, the evidence for a benefit of exercise in cirrhosis is promising. Several small trials have reported significant improvements in muscle health (mass, strength, functional capacity), quality of life, fatigue, and reductions in the hepatic venous portal gradient, without adverse events...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Lisa M K Chin, Leighton Chan, Bart Drinkard, Randall E Keyser
OBJECTIVE: The high prevalence of fatigue among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be related to poor cardiorespiratory fitness observed in this population. Oxygen uptake on-kinetics is a method of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and may be used to examine performance fatigability (decline in performance during a given activity) in persons with TBI. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on oxygen uptake on-kinetics during treadmill walking in individuals with TBI...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fiona Moffat, Lorna Paul
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive neurological condition. The aim of this study was to explore consensus on the barriers and solutions to exercise for people with MS living in Scotland. METHOD: Thirty-five people with MS, not regularly exercising, were recruited and took part in five Nominal Group Technique groups throughout Scotland. Background information was collected on participants prior to each group. Participants individually and silently listed their barriers and solutions to participating in exercise...
June 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Daniel Jacko, Käthe Bersiner, Gerrit Friederichs, Patrick Ritter, Linnea Nirenberg, Jan Eisenbraun, Markus de Marées, Wilhelm Bloch, Sebastian Gehlert
Skeletal muscle fatigue has been shown to be associated with hyperphosphorylation of the ryanodine receptor 1 at serine 2843 (pRyR1Ser2843), due to chronic overloading exercise. We investigated whether pRyR1Ser2843, is a mechanism relevant for muscle fatigue also under acute, in contrast to chronic, muscle loading. 24 male subjects (age: 24,8±3,8; height: 182,8±7,2 cm; weight: 82,5±9,9 kg) were evenly (n = 6) assigned to the following four different resistance exercise (RE) groups: hypertrophy- (HYP), strength endurance- (SE), maximum power- (MAX) at the subjects' 10, 25 and 3 repetition maximum, respectively, and low intensity (LI) RE with 70% of the 10 repetition maximum...
2018: PloS One
Keith J Geraghty, Charlotte Blease
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing evidence of physiological and cellular abnormalities in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)/chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), there has been a strong impetus to tackle the illness utilizing a biopsychosocial model. However, many sufferers of this disabling condition report distress and dissatisfaction following medical encounters. This review seeks to account for this discord. METHODS: A narrative review methodology is employed to synthesize the evidence for potential iatrogenesis...
June 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Suzanne Broadbent, Sonja Coetzee, Rosalind Beavers
PURPOSE: This pilot pre-and post-intervention study investigated the effects of a short-term aquatic exercise programme on physiological outcomes, symptoms and exercise capacity in women with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). METHODS: Eleven women (54.8 ± 12.4 year) volunteered for the 5-week program; an initial 20-min aquatic exercise session then two self-paced 20-min sessions per week for 4 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention outcomes were physiological measures, 6 min Walk Test (6MWT), perceived exertion (RPE), hand grip strength, Sit-to-Stand, Sit-Reach test, Apley's shoulder test, FACIT questionnaire, and 24-h post-test tiredness and pain scores (0-10 visual analogue scale)...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Nicole A Miranda, Jeffrey R Boris, Kristen M Kouvel, Lauren Stiles
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, headache, chronic pain, nausea and gastrointestinal dysmotility, activity and exercise intolerance, syncope, and tachycardia. Subtypes of POTS may include hypovolemia, hyperadrenergic states, autonomic neuropathy, and underlying autoimmunity, which may variably impact response to rehabilitation in varying ways...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Carl Todd DO
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a general term used to describe a number of medical conditions that lead to persistent levels of fatigue and distress. OBJECTIVES: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) combined with shoulder exercises to resolve musculoskeletal sports injury may have also led to a reduction in pain and improved strength with the patient reporting a change in CFS levels. CLINICAL FEATURES: 19-year-old male student, (statue 194cm and mass 80kg) who had played county level cricket and hockey...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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