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Chronic fatigue exercise

Mark Vink, Alexandra Vink-Niese
The analysis of the 2017 Cochrane review reveals flaws, which means that contrary to its findings, there is no evidence that graded exercise therapy is effective. Because of the failure to report harms adequately in the trials covered by the review, it cannot be said that graded exercise therapy is safe. The analysis of the objective outcomes in the trials provides sufficient evidence to conclude that graded exercise therapy is an ineffective treatment for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.
July 2018: Health Psychology Open
Michael J Marmura
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A wide variety of triggers prompt attacks in episodic migraine. Although experimental triggers such as glyceryl trinitrate reliably produce migraine, natural triggers are much less predictable and vary in importance between individuals. This review describes the most common triggers in episodic migraine and provides strategies for managing them in clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple migraine attack triggers have been established based on patient surveys, diary studies, and clinical trials...
October 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Yu Guo, Mingmin Xu, Meiqi Ji, Jialei Zhang, Qingchuan Hu, Zeren Wei, Jian Yan, Yue Chen, Jiaxuan Lyu, Xiaoqian Shao, Ying Wang, Jiamei Guo, Yulong Wei
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with a substantial and increasing social and economic burden. Liuzijue Qigong is a kind of traditional Chinese Qigong exercises that Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners prescribe to individuals with COPD to strengthen the internal organs' function. Liuzijue Qigong was recommended for use in COPD rehabilitation, and some clinical trials indicate that Liuzijue Qigong would produce better functional capacity and quality of life of individuals with COPD...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mathieu Gruet
Fatigue is a primary disabling symptom in chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) with major clinical implications. However, fatigue is not yet sufficiently explored and is still poorly understood in CRD, making this symptom underdiagnosed and undertreated in these populations. Fatigue is a dynamic phenomenon, particularly in such evolving diseases punctuated by acute events which can, alone or in combination, modulate the degree of fatigue experienced by the patients. This review supports a comprehensive inter-disciplinary approach of CRD-related fatigue and emphasizes the need to consider both its performance and perceived components...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Marco Antonio Hernández-Lepe, José Alberto López-Díaz, Marco Antonio Juárez-Oropeza, Rosa Patricia Hernández-Torres, Abraham Wall-Medrano, Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez
Excess weight and obesity are major risk factors for many chronic diseases, and weight-loss interventions often include systematic exercise and nutritional supplements. The purpose of this study was to determine the independent/synergistic effects of Arthrospira (Spirulina) maxima supplementation (six weeks, 4.5 g·day-1 ) and a systematic physical exercise program (six weeks, twice weekly) on the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of overweight and obese subjects. To achieve this, 27 overweight and 25 obese sedentary male subjects were assigned to four interventions through a randomized double-blind, crossover controlled trial: A physical exercise program, with (SE) or without (Ex) Spirulina maxima ; or no-exercise program, with (Sm) and without (C) Spirulina maxima ...
October 1, 2018: Marine Drugs
Eduardo Foschini Miranda, Welton Alves Diniz, Marcos Vinicius Nogueira Gomes, Marcelo Ferreira Duarte de Oliveira, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by dyspnea, as well as musculoskeletal and systemic manifestations. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) with use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and/or light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) is an electrophysical intervention that has been found to minimize or delay muscle fatigue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of PBMT with combined use of lasers diodes, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), magnetic field on muscle performance, exercise tolerance, and metabolic variables during the 6-minute stepper test (6MST) in patients with COPD...
September 25, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Staci Stevens, Chris Snell, Jared Stevens, Betsy Keller, J Mark VanNess
Background: Concise methodological directions for administration of serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) are needed for testing of patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS). Maximal CPET is used to evaluate the coordinated metabolic, muscular, respiratory and cardiac contributions to energy production in patients with ME/CFS. In this patient population, CPET also elicits a robust post-exertional symptom flare (termed, post-exertional malaise); a cardinal symptom of the disease...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Simone Birnbaum, Tarek Sharshar, Bruno Eymard, Marie Theaudin, Pierre Portero, Jean-Yves Hogrel
BACKGROUND: The cardinal symptoms of auto-immune myasthenia gravis are fatigue and weakness. Endurance events such as marathon running would seem incompatible with this chronic disease. Many patients stop sport altogether. There is limited literature of patients with auto-immune myasthenia gravis undergoing regular endurance exercise. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 36-year-old female who began long-distance running whilst experiencing initial symptoms of myasthenia gravis...
September 18, 2018: BMC Neurology
Celine Bonnyaud, Philippe Gallien, Pierre Decavel, Philippe Marque, Claire Aymard, Frédéric Pellas, Marie-Eve Isner, François Constant Boyer, François Muller, Jean-Christophe Daviet, Patrick Dehail, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, Nicolas Bayle, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Dominic Perennou, Isabelle Laffont, Jacques Ropers, Nabila-Yasmine Domingo-Saidji, Djamel Bensmail, Nicolas Roche
INTRODUCTION: Home-based self-rehabilitation programmes combined with botulinum toxin injections (BTIs) appear to be a relevant approach to increase the recommended intensive rehabilitation of patients with spasticity following a stroke. The literature highlights a lack of evidence of beneficial effects of this adjuvant therapy to reduce limitations of patients with stroke. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of a 6-month self-rehabilitation programme in adjunction to BTI, in comparison with BTI alone, to reduce limitations of patients with spasticity following a stroke...
August 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Jennifer Y Sheng, Dipali Sharma, Gerald Jerome, Cesar Augusto Santa-Maria
Excess body weight is a significant risk factor for many cancers, especially breast cancer. Patients with breast cancer or those with a history of the disease who are overweight or obese have an increased risk of therapy-related morbidity, recurrence, and breast cancer-related mortality. Obesity may also affect quality-of-life factors for survivors, including sexual dysfunction, neuropathy, cardiotoxicity, chronic fatigue, and lymphedema. Most cancer guidelines recommend that breast cancer survivors who are overweight or obese lose weight and that those with a normal body mass index (BMI) maintain a stable body weight...
August 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
G Galeoto, J Sansoni, D Valenti, R Mollica, D Valente, M Parente, A Servadio
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this work were to fill the gap in the scientific literature and to evaluate the results of physical therapy treatments in individuals affected by chronic fatigue syndrome, considering only studies that employed a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Three bibliographic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and PEDro. The minimum prerequisites for papers to be included in the systematic review were that they had to (a) employ a randomized controlled trial; (b) be published in English; and (c) be published during the last ten years (2007-2017)...
July 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
Elisabet Guillamó, Álvaro Cobo-Calvo, Guillermo R Oviedo, Noémie Travier, Juan Álamo, Oscar A Niño-Mendez, Antonio Martínez-Yelamos, Sergio Martínez-Yelamos, Casimiro Javierre
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease which affects young adults at a time of maximum personal, professional and social growth. Recent guidelines on physical activity have established that exercise is an essential component of the clinical management of people with MS with mild or moderate degree of disability. The main purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and the effects of two different 40-week structured physical exercise interventions (a supervised high intensity interval training plus home exercise program and a self-applied home-based exercise program) on clinical evolution, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, fatigue, cardiorespiratory fitness, strength and balance of people with MS...
September 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Xiangli Xiao, Jian Wang, Yanmei Gu, Yanfang Cai, Lixin Ma
BACKGROUND: Low self-efficacy in chronic disease patients is one of the main disturbances which require physical and mental rehabilitation, calling for the development of a home accessible way to improve self-management. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a community based Baduanjin exercise on self-efficacy in adults with cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, longitudinal research design was employed...
2018: PloS One
Fabrício Edler Macagnan, Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Érika Zanchet Cristofoli, Marília Godoy, Jociane Schardong, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
Pre-exercise photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) reduces fatigue and enhances performance in different populations. However, PBMT benefits have never been tested on chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, who present muscle weakness, fatigue, and reduced functional performance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of three different doses of the PBMT on maximal handgrip strength of CKD patients. Fifteen volunteers (58 ± 8 years, 10 male/5 female) under chronic hemodialysis treatment (6 ± 4 years) participated in a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
July 29, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Xue Wang, Yidi Qu, Yongfeng Zhang, Shaopeng Li, Yiyang Sun, Zepeng Chen, Lirong Teng, Di Wang
Sarcodon imbricatus (SI), a precious edible fungus, contains 35.22% of total sugar, 18.33% of total protein, 24 types of fatty acid, 16 types of amino acid, and 8 types of minerals. Encouragingly, it is rich in potential antioxidants such as total polyphenols (0.41%), total sterols (3.16%), and vitamins (0.44%). In the present study, the antifatigue properties of SI and its potential mechanisms of action were explored by the experiments on acute excise-treated mice and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) mice. SI (0...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Rosie Twomey, Tristan Martin, John Temesi, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Guillaume Y Millet
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and distressing symptom of cancer and/or cancer treatment that persists for years after treatment completion in approximately one third of cancer survivors. Exercise is beneficial for the management of CRF, and general exercise guidelines for cancer survivors are available. There are multiple potential pathways by which exercise improves CRF, and cancer survivors with CRF are diverse with respect to cancer type, treatments and experienced side effects...
July 24, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ernesto Crisafulli, Matteo Vigna, Antonella Ielpo, Panagiota Tzani, Angelo Mangia, Elisabetta Teopompi, Marina Aiello, Veronica Alfieri, Giuseppina Bertorelli, Paolo Palange, Alfredo Chetta
Background Heart rate recovery delay is a marker of cardiac autonomic dysfunction. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, the ventilatory response to exercise during incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test may add information about dynamic hyperinflation by low values of inspiratory capacity/total lung capacity ratio (at peak) and excess ventilation by the slope of minute ventilation to carbon dioxide output ratio (VE /VCO2 slope ). We aimed to assess if the ventilatory response to exercise might be a determinant for heart rate recovery delay...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Susan Lee King Yuan, Amélia Pasqual Marques
Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic syndrome characterised by chronic widespread pain, often associated with fatigue, unrefreshed sleep and cognitive problems. Effective management of fibromyalgia requires a proactive approach in which the patient takes responsibility for self-care. The purpose of this research was to develop an application (app) for promoting self-care as a complementary Mobile Health resource to physical therapy in the management of fibromyalgia. The app was developed in five stages, according to the prototyping paradigm...
September 2018: Physiotherapy
Stergios A Polyzos, Andrew N Margioris
Sarcopenic obesity, a chronic condition, is today a major public health problem with increasing prevalence worldwide, which is due to progressively aging populations, the increasing prevalence of obesity, and the changes in lifestyle during the last several decades. Patients usually present to healthcare facilities for obesity and related comorbidities (type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease) or for non-specific symptoms related to sarcopenia per se (e...
September 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Beraki Abraha, Arthur R Chaves, Liam P Kelly, Elizabeth M Wallack, Katie P Wadden, Jason McCarthy, Michelle Ploughman
Objective: Evaluate intensity-dependent effects of a single bout of high intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to moderate intensity constant-load exercise (MICE) on corticospinal excitability (CSE) and effects on upper limb performance in chronic stroke. Design: Randomized cross-over trial. Setting: Research laboratory in a tertiary rehabilitation hospital. Participants: Convenience sample of 12 chronic stroke survivors. Outcome measures: Bilateral CSE measures of intracortical inhibition and facilitation, motor thresholds, and motor evoked potential (MEP) latency using transcranial magnetic stimulation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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