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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329732/performance-analysis-of-different-rice-based-cropping-systems-in-tropical-region-of-nepal
#1
Anil Pokhrel, Peeyush Soni
Energy inputs, environmental impacts and economic outputs are the main concerns in today's agricultural production systems. The current study investigated the energy, environmental and financial performances of different rice-based cropping systems (CSs). The CSs studied were: Rice-Wheat-Fallow (R-W-F), Rice-Wheat-Maize (R-W-M), Rice-Wheat-Mungbean (R-W-Mu), Rice-Lentil-Maize (R-L-M), Rice-Lentil-Mungbean (R-L-Mu), Rice-Garlic (R-G) and Rice-Onion (R-O). Primary data were collected from 210 randomly selected farms by using structured questionnaire...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327815/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-activity-of-oil-extract-of-garlic-allium-sativum-linnaeus-against-schistosoma-japonicum-cercariae
#2
Kang Wan, Peng Wang, Leibo Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The activity of garlic oil extract against Schistosoma japonicum cercariae was evaluated. METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo cercaricidal activities against S. japonicum larvae were determined. RESULTS: Exposure to ≥ 10-6 (v/v) garlic emulsions for 30 min led to 100% cercariae mortality; pre-exposure treatment with ≥ 10-4 (v/v) garlic emulsions showed 100% preventive efficacy against S. japonicum infection, while pre-treatment with 10-5 and 10-6 (v/v) emulsions achieved 20%-40% preventive efficacy and 35...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326446/blastocystis-how-do-specific-diets-and-human-gut-microbiota-affect-its-development-and-pathogenicity
#3
REVIEW
M Lepczyńska, J Białkowska, E Dzika, K Piskorz-Ogórek, J Korycińska
Blastocystis is an enteric parasite that inhabits the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many animals. This emerging parasite has a worldwide distribution. It is often identified as the most common eukaryotic organism reported in human fecal samples. This parasite is recognized and diagnosed more often than ever before. Furthermore, some strains develop resistance against currently recommended drugs, such as metronidazole; therefore, the use of natural remedies or special diets has many positive aspects that may address this problem...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319598/allium-vegetable-intakes-and-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-hypertension-chronic-kidney-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#4
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Amir A Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between habitual consumption of allium vegetables (garlic and onion) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, hypertension (HTN), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Adult men and women, participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (2006-2008 to 2012-2014), were recruited. Habitual dietary intakes were assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318585/lactoferrin-reduces-mortality-in-preweaned-calves-with-diarrhea
#5
G Habing, K Harris, G M Schuenemann, J M Piñeiro, J Lakritz, X Alcaraz Clavijo
Calf diarrhea is the most common reason for mortality and antimicrobial therapy in preweaned calves on dairy farms in the United States. Conventional and organic livestock producers require alternative therapies for calf diarrhea to reduce the necessity of conventional antimicrobials. Alternatives administered for mild cases or early in the disease course may be useful to mitigate disease progression and reduce the likelihood of septicemia and negative sequelae. Lactoferrin is a bioactive protein naturally found in colostrum that has been shown to prevent septicemia in high-risk infants...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316626/evaluation-of-phenolic-compounds-and-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-some-common-herbs
#6
Muhammad Abdul Qadir, Syeda Kiran Shahzadi, Asad Bashir, Adil Munir, Shabnam Shahzad
The study was designed to evaluate the phenolic, flavonoid contents and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium sativum), mint (Mentha spicata), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), oak (Quercus), aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller), and ginger (Zingiber officinale). All extracts showed a wide range of total phenolic contents, that is, 4.96 to 98.37 mg/100 g gallic acid equivalents, and total flavonoid contents, that is, 0.41 to 17.64 mg/100 g catechin equivalents. Antioxidant activity (AA) was determined by measuring reducing power, inhibition of peroxidation using linoleic acid system, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activity...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303169/diallyl-trisulfide-suppresses-oxidative-stress-induced-activation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-through-production-of-hydrogen-sulfide
#7
Feng Zhang, Huanhuan Jin, Li Wu, Jiangjuan Shao, Xiaojing Zhu, Anping Chen, Shizhong Zheng
Accumulating data reveal that garlic has beneficial effects against chronic liver disease. We previously reported that diallyl trisulfide (DATS), the primary organosulfur compound in garlic, reduced fibrosis and attenuated oxidative stress in rat fibrotic liver. The present study was aimed at elucidating the underlying mechanisms. The primary rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were cultured and stimulated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for inducing HSC activation under oxidative stress. We examined the effects of DATS on the profibrogenic properties and oxidative stress in H2O2-treated HSCs...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290475/the-development-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays-for-the-rapid-authentication-of-five-forbidden-vegetables-in-strict-vegetarian-diets
#8
Meng-Shiou Lee, Ting-Ying Su, Yi-Yang Lien, Shyang-Chwen Sheu
Plant-based food ingredients such as garlic, Chinese leek, Chinese onion, green onion and onion are widely used in many cuisines around the world. However, these ingredients known as the "five forbidden vegetables" (FFVs) are not allowed in some vegetarian diets. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of FFVs using five respective LAMP primer sets. The specific primers targeted the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence regions among the five vegetables...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288186/diet-and-biliary-tract-cancer-risk-in-shanghai-china
#9
Shakira M Nelson, Yu-Tang Gao, Leticia M Nogueira, Ming-Chang Shen, Bingsheng Wang, Asif Rashid, Ann W Hsing, Jill Koshiol
Trends in biliary tract cancer incidence rates have increased in Shanghai, China. These trends have coincided with economic and developmental growth, as well as a shift in dietary patterns to a more Westernized diet. To examine the effect of dietary changes on incident disease, we evaluated associations between diet and biliary tract cancers amongst men and women from a population-based case-control study in Shanghai, China. Biliary tract cancer cases were recruited from 42 collaborating hospitals in urban Shanghai, and population-based controls were randomly selected from the Shanghai Household Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285261/catalase-as-a-sulfide-sulfur-oxido-reductase-an-ancient-and-modern-regulator-of-reactive-sulfur-species-rss
#10
Kenneth R Olson, Yan Gao, Eric R DeLeon, Maaz Arif, Faihaan Arif, Nitin Arora, Karl D Straub
Catalase is well-known as an antioxidant dismutating H2O2 to O2 and H2O. However, catalases evolved when metabolism was largely sulfur-based, long before O2 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) became abundant, suggesting catalase metabolizes reactive sulfide species (RSS). Here we examine catalase metabolism of H2Sn, the sulfur analog of H2O2, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other sulfur-bearing molecules using H2S-specific amperometric electrodes and fluorophores to measure polysulfides (H2Sn; SSP4) and ROS (dichlorofluorescein, DCF)...
March 1, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277182/pharmacokinetic-analysis-of-thymol-carvacrol-and-diallyl-disulfide-after-intramammary-and-topical-applications-in-healthy-organic-dairy-cattle
#11
Sharon E Mason, Keena A E Mullen, Kevin L Anderson, Steven P Washburn, James L Yeatts, Ronald E Baynes
Mastitis is among the most costly concerns for dairy producers whether cattle are managed conventionally or organically. Unfortunately, there are no USFDA-approved mastitis treatments that allow dairy cows in the United States to maintain organic dairy status. We investigated the plasma pharmacokinetics of three organic mastitis products currently used by organic producers and organic dairy veterinarians. Those products include intramammary, topical and intravaginal preparations, each dosed at two levels. Additionally, tissue data were collected for kidney, liver and fat in order to estimate a withholding time for each of the products...
February 14, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272922/all-natural-and-clean-label-preservatives-and-antimicrobial-agents-used-during-poultry-processing-and-packaging
#12
Ar'quette Grant, Salina Parveen
The poultry industry is faced with compounding pressures of maintaining product safety and wholesomeness while keeping up with consumer trends of all-natural foods and label accuracy. Consumers are increasingly demanding that their foods be minimally processed and contain compounds that are easily read and recognized, i.e., products must be clean labeled. The purpose of this review is to briefly describe several natural antimicrobial agents that can be incorporated into poultry processing. These compounds and their essential oils were included in this mini-review because they are generally recognized as safe by the U...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261311/therapeutic-role-of-functional-components-in-alliums-for-preventive-chronic-disease-in-human-being
#13
REVIEW
Yawen Zeng, Yuping Li, Jiazhen Yang, Xiaoying Pu, Juan Du, Xiaomeng Yang, Tao Yang, Shuming Yang
Objectives. Functional components in alliums have long been maintained to play a key role in modifying the major risk factors for chronic disease. To obtain a better understanding of alliums for chronic disease prevention, we conducted a systematic review for risk factors and prevention strategies for chronic disease of functional components in alliums, based on a comprehensive English literature search that was conducted using various electronic search databases, especially the PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and CNKI for the period 2007-2016...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258675/cancer-chemoprevention-selected-molecular-mechanisms
#14
Katarzyna Walczak, Sebastian Marciniak, Grażyna Rajtar
The effect of diet on cancer formation and prevention of carcinogenesis has attracted considerable attention for years and is the subject of several studies. Some components of the daily diet, such as resveratrol, curcumin, genistein, gingerol, can significantly reduce the risk of cancer or affect the rate of tumor progression. Cancer chemoprevention assumes the use of natural or synthetic biologically active substances in order to prevent, inhibit or reverse the progression of cancer. There are many biologically active compounds in several natural products, i...
March 2, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258439/reversal-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-aorta-of-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats-by-s-allylcysteine
#15
Parim Brahmanaidu, V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, Vadivukkarasi Sasikumar, Ramavat Ravindar Naik, Suresh Pothani, Mustapha Sabana Begum, M Prasanna Rajeshkumar, Chandrasekar Varatharaju, Balaji Meriga, P Rameshreddy, A Kalaivani, Ganapathy Saravanan
Dietary measures and plant-based therapies as prescribed by native systems of medicine have gained attraction among diabetics with claims of efficacy. The present study investigated the effects of S-Allylcysteine (SAC) on body weight gain, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, and nitric oxide synthase in plasma and argininosuccinate synthase (AS) and argininosuccinate lyase (ASL), lipid peroxides and antioxidant enzymes in aorta of control and streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA)-induced diabetic rats. Changes in body weight, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, and antioxidant profiles of aorta and mRNA expressions of nitric oxide synthase, AS, and ASL were observed in experimental rats...
March 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255269/diallyl-trisulfide-inhibits-growth-of-nci-h460-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-and-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-injury-in-the-treatment-of-lung-carcinoma-in-xenograft-mice
#16
Xiaoyan Jiang, Xiaosong Zhu, Na Liu, Hongya Xu, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li, Shanzhong Li, Jianhua Cai, Jimin Cao
Diallyl trisulfide (DATS), an organosulfuric component of garlic oil, exhibits potential anticancer and chemopreventive effects. Cisplatin (DDP), a common chemotherapeutic agent, has provided great therapeutic contributions to treating solid tumors, but with serious side effects. Here, we verified the anti-tumor properties of DATS on lung cancer in vitro and in vivo, and evaluated synergistic effects of DATS combined with DDP on the NCI-H460 xenograft model. Significantly decreased cell viabilities, cell cycle G1 arrest, and apoptosis induction were observed in DATS treated NCI-H460 cells (p<0...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250342/antitumor-allium-sulfides
#17
Toshihiro Nohara, Yukio Fujiwara, Mona El-Aasr, Tsuyoshi Ikeda, Masateru Ono, Daisuke Nakano, Junei Kinjo
We examined the sulfides in onion (Allium cepa L.), Welsh onion (A. fistulosum L.), and garlic (A. sativum L.), and obtained three new thiolane-type sulfides (onionins A1-A3) from onion; two new thiabicyclic-type sulfides (welsonins A1, A2), together with onionins A1-A3, from Welsh onion; and six new acyclic-type sulfides (garlicnins L-1-L-4, E, and F), ten new thiolane-type sulfides (garlicnins A, B1-B4, C1-C3, K1, and K2), and three new atypical cyclic-type sulfides (garlicnins G, I, and J) from garlic. Acetone extracts showed the potential of these sulfides in inhibiting the polarization of M2 activated macrophages that are capable of suppressing tumor-cell proliferation...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249719/ionic-liquid-assisted-separation-and-determination-of-selenium-species-in-food-and-beverage-samples-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-hydride-generation-atomic-fluorescence-spectrometry
#18
Alexander Castro Grijalba, Emiliano F Fiorentini, Rodolfo G Wuilloud
Different ionic liquids (ILs) were assayed as mobile phase modifiers for the separation and determination of selenite [Se(IV)], selenate [Se(VI)], selenomethionine (SeMet) and Se-methylselenocysteine (SeMeSeCys) by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (RP-HPLC-HG-AFS). The use of several ILs: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C6mim]Cl), 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide, 1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and tributyl(methyl)phosphonium methylsulphate was evaluated...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246456/nutrigenomic-evaluation-of-garlic-allium-sativum-and-holy-basil-ocimum-sanctum-leaf-powder-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-immune-characteristics-in-broilers
#19
N Sheoran, R Kumar, A Kumar, K Batra, S Sihag, S Maan, N S Maan
AIM: In this study, a planned research work was conducted to investigate the nutrigenomic aspects of supplementation of Allium sativum (garlic) and Ocimum sanctum (holy basil) leaf powder on the growth performance and immune characteristics of broilers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6 weeks feeding trial was conducted with 280-day-old Ven Cobb broilers, distributed randomly into seven experimental groups. Each treatment had 4 replicates with 10 birds each. The birds of the control group (T1) were fed a basal diet formulated as per BIS standards...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231115/statistical-analysis-of-mineral-concentration-for-the-geographic-identification-of-garlic-samples-from-sicily-italy-tunisia-and-spain
#20
Rossella Vadalà, Antonio F Mottese, Giuseppe D Bua, Andrea Salvo, Domenico Mallamace, Carmelo Corsaro, Sebastiano Vasi, Salvatore V Giofrè, Maria Alfa, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
We performed a statistical analysis of the concentration of mineral elements, by means of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in different varieties of garlic from Spain, Tunisia, and Italy. Nubia Red Garlic (Sicily) is one of the most known Italian varieties that belongs to traditional Italian food products (P.A.T.) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry. The obtained results suggest that the concentrations of the considered elements may serve as geographical indicators for the discrimination of the origin of the different samples...
March 15, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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