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community health promotion

Seyi Ladele Amosun, Fahmida Harris
Future aspirations of older persons should interest professionals involved in health promotion services in view of World Health Organization's Active Aging Framework. With the South African government's plan to raise life expectancy to 70 years by 2030, there is likelihood that life expectancy at 60 years will increase. Future aspirations give motivations for living, with short and long-term goals to work toward. As part of a larger study exploring the profile of members of 35 Service Centers for Older Persons in the Western Cape Province, selected using stratified random sampling, this manuscript reports on the qualitative responses relating to the self-determined future aspirations of the members...
August 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Julie Hellesøe Christensen, Paul Bloch, Signe Rysbjerg Møller, Cecilie Prüsse Søgaard, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Peter Bentsen
Health promotion increasingly involves collaboration with civil society organisations and the private sector rather than being implemented exclusively by public sector stakeholders. Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach that promotes health in policy-making across public sectors. This study explored intersectoral integration and collaboration for health promotion at a local community level through a qualitative single case study of a local community network in Denmark: the Husum Health Network. The paper describes and discusses strengths, weaknesses, and challenges of HiAP-inspired local efforts to build alliances and supportive environments for health within an inter-organisational community-based network...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L Oliffe, Julie Midtgaard
While football training may be a potent strategy for health promotion in older men, the considerable risk of injuries may constitute a barrier for referral of clinical populations. The current study explored the attitudes of men with prostate cancer on risk in the context of injuries related to participating in a community-based football program. Four videotaped focus group interviews, and three individual in-depth telephone interviews were carried out with men with prostate cancer (n=35; mean age 68.8). Thematic networks technique was used to derive the global theme Injury-induced reinforced masculinity comprising five sub-themes: "Part of the game", "A good story to tell", "Like boys again", "An old, carefree body", and "Camaraderie"...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Abby L Gold, Keith Bennett, Rick J Jansen, Amy R Mobley, Sandra B Procter, Carol Smathers, Dawn Contreras, Paula Peters, Ann Keim, Renee Oscarson
This research examines the practice of community coaching within coalitions in the Communities Preventing Childhood Obesity project. A quasi-experimental design was used in seven Midwestern states. Each state selected two rural, low-income communities with functioning health coalitions. Coalitions were randomly assigned to be intervention or comparison communities. After 4 years of the coaching intervention, ripple effect mapping served as one method for examining the coalitions' work that may affect children's weight status...
August 17, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Elliot Klein, Elizabeth Helzner, Michelle Shayowitz, Stephan Kohlhoff, Tamar A Smith-Norowitz
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure performed on women in developing countries and is underreported; it involves cutting or altering the female genitalia. The health consequences of FGM include bacterial and viral infections, obstetrical complications, and psychological problems. In this study, we report FGM societal importance, ramifications, classifications, cultural significance, prevalence, complications, implications, and treatment. Although efforts have been made to eradicate FGM, the dynamics that perpetuate the practice have societal roots...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
James N Roemmich, LuAnn Johnson, Grace Oberg, Joley E Beeler, Kelsey E Ufholz
Less physical activity among rural residents may contribute to rural-urban health disparities. Parks can be ideal community resources for promoting physical activity. This study compared park visitation and activity intensity at 15 urban and 15 rural parks matched for acreage and amenities. Parks were observed in the morning, afternoon, and evening on 4 days to determine number of visitors, activity intensity, and amenity use. A total of 5486 visitors were observed with no differences in percentages of males (55...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
J B Spiegel, Benjamin Ortiz Choukroun, A Campaña, K M Boydell, J Breilh, A Yassi
Worldwide, interest is increasing in community-based arts to promote social transformation. This study analyzes one such case. Ecuador's government, elected in 2006 after decades of neoliberalism, introduced Buen Vivir ('good living' derived from the Kichwan sumak kawsay), to guide development. Plans included launching a countrywide programme using circus arts as a sociocultural intervention for street-involved youth and other marginalised groups. To examine the complex ways by which such interventions intercede in 'ways of being' at the individual and collective level, we integrated qualitative and quantitative methods to document relationships between programme policies over a 5-year period and transformations in personal growth, social inclusion, social engagement and health-related lifestyles of social circus participants...
August 17, 2018: Global Public Health
Ming-Shyan Lin, Tung-Jung Huang, Yu-Chen Lin, Sui-Whi Jane, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities have health needs similar to the general population. Smoking and metabolic syndrome have emerged as major cardiovascular risks that contribute to systemic inflammation and mortality. However, few studies have focused on the association between smoking and cardiometabolic risks in adult men with disabilities. AIMS: This study explored the prevalence of smoking and its association with cardiometabolic risk and associated factors among male adults with disabilities...
August 17, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Xuechen Xiong, Shuai Zhou, Zhaohua Huo, Li Luo
BACKGROUND: To improve the utilization efficiency of health care services, the concept of a "regional medical consortium" has attracted more attention during the most recent round of health care reform in China. Shanghai, a municipality of China, has made many efforts to promote its regional medical consortium project. In this paper, the pediatric medical consortium of Shanghai will serve as an example to introduce the main tasks and groundwork of the Shanghai medical consortium and will underscore Shanghai's exploration of the vertical integration of medical resources...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Juan Chen
In recent years, various levels of the Chinese government have undertaken the task of developing new models of community-based mental health services. Greater availability and higher quality will not result in substantial improvements if those suffering from mental illnesses do not use the services. This article examines not only people's cultural perception of mental health and help-seeking but also their practical concerns and preferences about mental health service provision in urban China. The study analyzes qualitative data from in-depth interviews with 50 respondents who belong to the most psychologically distressed subgroup (with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) score ≥ 25) identified in a household survey in Beijing...
August 16, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Christopher Kevin Wong, William Brooks Gibbs
BACKGROUND: Wellness activities can benefit health, yet committed adherence is challenging. OBJECTIVES: Identify factors associated with committed participation in an amputee wellness-walking program and determine benefits of committed participation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort. METHODS: Two former Paralympians led the wellness-walking sessions. Participants provided medical history and self-reported balance confidence and prosthetic functional measures...
August 16, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Jurysha Nongdhar, Navya Vyas, P Arathi Rao, Prakash Narayanan, Star Pala
Background: Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the basic components where it can provide pregnant women with an expansive scope of well-being, health promotion, and preventive health services. However, still 830 women die every day from preventable pregnancy-related causes, and 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries, out of which 20% of these deaths were from India. Objectives: The objective of this study is to explore the factors influencing the utilization of reproductive health services among mothers and to find the association between various factors and utilization of reproductive health services...
May 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Nora E Mueller, Trishan Panch, Cathaleene Macias, Bruce M Cohen, Dost Ongur, Justin T Baker
BACKGROUND: Management of severe and persistent mental illness is a complex, resource-intensive challenge for individuals, their families, treaters, and the health care system at large. Community-based rehabilitation, in which peer specialists provide support for individuals managing their own condition, has demonstrated effectiveness but has only been implemented in specialty centers. It remains unclear how the peer-based community rehabilitation model could be expanded, given that it requires significant resources to both establish and maintain...
August 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Beth Mastel-Smith, Gloria Duke, Zhaomin He
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of Tai Chi (TC) and electronic tablet (ET) interventions on older adults' cognition and health and to explore participants' perceptions of intervention activities. DESIGN: An emergent embedded experimental mixed methods design was used in which the qualitative strand helped explain intervention results. METHOD: Older adults who participate in TC classes will have improved cognition and health compared with older adults who participate in ET classes...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Gigil Daniel Marme
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in many countries. There is a greater threat of exposure to TB in congregate settings including healthcare facilities, prisons and households where health workers treat patients with TB. In healthcare facilities, the key areas of risk of infection include settings where people with undiagnosed TB, including multidrug-resistant TB, congregate, such as outpatient waiting areas, pathology waiting areas, radiology departments and pharmacies, and wards where untreated patients await investigation results...
August 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Α Dasioti, G Kolaitis
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between bullying and mental Health in schoolchildren with special educational needs (SEN). Random sampling was used to select two groups of children aged 11-12 years, attending the fifth and sixth grades of primary school and integration classes in urban and rural locations in Greece. The final sample comprised a group of 80 children with SEN and a control group of 81 children. The participants completed The Revised Olweus Bullying Victim Questionnaire and The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
April 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
May Me Thet, Tin Aung, Nadia Diamond-Smith, May Sudhinaraset
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding in the first 6 months of life is critical for ensuring both child health and well-being. Despite efforts to improve breast-feeding practices, recent studies have reported that Myanmar continues to have low rates of exclusive breast-feeding.Design/Setting/SubjectsA community-based breast-feeding promotion programme using trained community members was implemented for 1 year in hard-to-reach townships of Myanmar. The present study assessed the breast-feeding practices using a cross-sectional survey of 610 mothers of children under 2 years old: specifically, breast-feeding within 24 h, exclusive breast-feeding up to 6 months and breast-feeding duration...
August 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jennifer M Ohlendorf, Anna L Anklam, Lindsay Gardner
BACKGROUND: Women runners are a group with potential for health maintenance and health promotion in pregnancy. When providers counsel women to discontinue or cut back on running without cause, an opportunity for health benefits to both woman and baby may be lost. AIM: This study aims to explicate the experience women runners have in pregnancy to further providers' understanding of this population's unique needs. METHODS: An online, qualitative inquiry was employed to explore the experiences of an online community of women runners in pregnancy (N=22)...
August 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Man-Kit Lei, Steven R H Beach, Ronald L Simons
The present study extends prior research on the link between neighborhood disadvantage and chronic illness by testing an integrated model in which neighborhood characteristics exert effects on health conditions through accelerated cardiometabolic aging. Hypotheses were tested using a sample of 408 African Americans from the Family and Community Health Study. Using four waves of data spanning young adulthood (ages 18-29), we first found durable effects of neighborhood disadvantage on accelerated cardiometabolic aging and chronic illness...
August 14, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Jinan Banna, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples of the United States disproportionately experience chronic diseases associated with poor nutrition, including obesity and diabetes. While chronic disease related health disparities among Indigenous people are well documented, it is unknown whether interventions adequately address these health disparities. In addition, it is unknown whether and to what extent interventions are culturally adapted or tailored to the unique culture, worldview and nutrition environments of Indigenous people...
August 13, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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