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community health promotion

Tamilyn Bakas, Debi Sampsel, Jahmeel Israel, Ameya Chamnikar, Angela Ellard, John Greer Clark, Megan Gresham Ulrich, Dieter Vanderelst
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the growth in the aging population, and shortage of primary care providers, telehealth programs are needed to optimize healthy independent living for older adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a nurse-led intervention program delivered through a telepresence robot to promote healthy lifestyles and address chronic illness management among older adults living independently in a retirement community. Telepresence robots provide two-way video-mediated communication with remote in-home navigation...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Leila Nikniaz
Background: The Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) is a long-term community-based project for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In this project, the healthy lifestyle promotion plan will be implemented by the health policy agenda of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Methods: The study design included two phases: phase I was a cross-sectional prevalence study of NCDs and the associated risk factors implemented from Feb 2014 to Apr 2014. Phase II is a prospective follow-up study currently ongoing...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Minhui Liu, Xi Zhang, Jinnan Xiao, Feng Ge, Siyuan Tang, Basia Belza
Physical activity (PA) has declined in China due to urbanization in the past two decades. Evidence-based programs are good approaches to promote PA, but are limited in China. Adopting existing programs can be a viable option. Prior to that, readiness assessment is needed. This study aimed to assess community readiness levels for disseminating evidence-based PA programs to older adults in Changsha, China. In-person interviews were conducted with 33 participants of five districts in Changsha to assess the community readiness level in five dimensions: community knowledge of efforts, community climate, community knowledge about the issue, leadership and resources...
October 15, 2018: Global Health Promotion
Markus D Boos, Brian A Ginsberg, Jon Klint Peebles
As the transgender community has become increasingly visible in public life, a greater awareness of this group's unique health needs and obstacles to optimal medical care has developed. Unfortunately, transgender youth face multiple barriers within the health care system, including access to equitable and gender-affirming care. As dermatologists who care for children and adolescents, we must be aware of the challenges facing transgender youth and work to correct the disparities that exist for this vulnerable group...
October 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
Tina L Rochelle
OBJECTIVE: Examine differences in the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and engagement in health behaviour among a cross-cultural sample of Hong Kong Chinese, mainland Chinese, Caucasian, and South Asian men living in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A community sample of 495 Hong Kong Chinese (n = 161), mainland Chinese (n = 107), Caucasian (n = 122), and South Asian (n = 105) men enrolled in the study...
October 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Daniel Shpilsky, Claudia Bambs, Kevin Kip, Sanjay Patel, Aryan Aiyerv, Oladipupo Olafiranye, Steven E Reis, Sebhat Erqou
BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) was defined in order to promote population health. We aimed to characterize the association between ideal CVH and markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) METHODS: We used data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study. We assigned 1 for each of the ideal CVH factor met. Endothelial function, expressed as Framingham reactive hyperemia index (fRHI), was measured using the Endo-PAT device. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) were quantified using electron beam computed tomography and carotid ultrasonography, respectively...
October 14, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Judith Neugroschl, Margaret C Sewell, Mari Umpierre, Raquel Rodriguez, Laura Meyers, Stephanie Kranes, Carlos Aldrete, Alma Collazo, Licet Valois, Mary Sano
ABSTRACTObjectives:To develop an educational video to reach elderly Latinos in order to improve understanding and encourage evaluation of cognitive changes by 1) using focus groups to identify dementia knowledge gaps, health communication preferences and trusted advisors for health concerns; 2) collaborating with elderly Latino community members to create a video; and 3) collecting survey data regarding community response to the video. DESIGN: Grounded theory qualitative approach using focus groups; collaborative community based model to create the video and anonymous survey at community screenings...
October 15, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Sheila Dunn, An Qi Xiong, Kim Nuernberger, Wendy V Norman
OBJECTIVES: Non-use of contraception is an important contributor to unintended pregnancy. This study assessed non-use of contraception and its determinants among Canadian youth aged 15 to 24. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Survey respondents aged 15 to 24 were used to identify non-users of contraception among heterosexual youth who had had intercourse within the previous 12 months, were not pregnant or sterilized, and felt it was important to avoid pregnancy...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Rachel Koch, Lina Roa, Jordan Pyda, Monica Kerrigan, Ernest Barthélemy, John G Meara
BACKGROUND: The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has made unparalleled contributions to global health and human development by bringing together generous funding, strategic partnerships, and innovative leadership. For the last twenty years, the Gates Foundation has supported the expansion of programs that directly address the fundamental barriers to the advancement of marginalized communities around the globe, with a transformative focus on innovations to combat communicable diseases and to ensure maternal and child health...
October 10, 2018: Surgery
Sara Calderón Larrañaga, Manuela Expósito Ruiz, Pilar Cruz Vela, Ana Cuadrado Conde, Lucía Alquézar Villarroya, Ana Garach Gómez, Alberto Ruiz Hernández, Isabel Toral López
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short and medium term effectiveness of a Primary Care-driven oral health promotion intervention. DESIGN: A non-randomised community intervention trial. SETTING: Three socio-demographically similar primary schools of a deprived neighborhood in Granada, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two intervention and 109 control students aged 5 to 6, as well as the teachers and the parent's association of the intervention school (IS) participated in the study...
October 10, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Matthew Fisher
The article by Susanne Hagen and colleagues on Health Promotion at Local Level in Norway discusses actions by municipal governments to assess and address heath inequities within their respective regions, as required under the Norwegian Public Health Act (PHA). Although the broad intent of the Norwegian government is to encourage action on social determinants of health (SDH), Hagen et al find that many of the initiatives undertaken by municipalities 'tend to cash out as single, targeted initiatives,' and focus on individual behaviours...
August 4, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Silvia Librada Flores, Emilio Herrera Molina, Fátima Díaz Díez, María José Redondo Moralo, Cristina Castillo Rodríguez, Kathleen McLoughlin, Julian Abel, Tamen Jadad Garcia, Miguel Ángel Lucas Díaz, Inmaculada Trabado Lara, María Dolores Guerra-Martín, María Nabal
BACKGROUND: End-of-life needs can be only partly met by formalized health and palliative care resources. This creates the opportunity for the social support network of family and community to play a crucial role in this stage of life. Compassionate communities can be the missing piece to a complete care model at the end of life. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to evaluate the REDCUIDA (Redes de Cuidados or Network of Care) intervention for the development and management of networks of care around people with advanced disease or at the end of life...
October 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Claudia B Maier, Hannah Budde, James Buchan
Chronic conditions and health inequalities are increasing worldwide. Against this backdrop, several countries, including Israel, have expanded the roles of nurses as one measure to strengthen the primary care workforce. In Israel, community nurses work in expanded roles with increased responsibilities for patients with chronic conditions. They also work increasingly in the field of health promotion and disease prevention. Common barriers to role change in Israel are mirrored by other countries. Barriers include legal and financial restrictions, resistance by professional associations, inflexible labor markets and lack of resources...
October 12, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Alfa J Muhihi, David P Urassa, Rose N M Mpembeni, Germana H Leyna, Bruno F Sunguya, Deodatus Kakoko, Anna Tengia Kessy, Marina A Njelekela
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) increasingly contribute to morbidity and mortality in Tanzania. Public knowledge about CVD risk factors is important for the primary prevention of CVDs and can be improved through community-based interventions delivered by community health workers (CHWs). However, evidence of the utility of CHWs in improving knowledge and CVD risk factors profile is lacking in Tanzania. This study aims at assessing the effect of training CHWs and their CVD-specific interventions for reduction of hypertension and other CVD risk factors among adults in Morogoro, Tanzania...
October 11, 2018: Trials
Kimberly M Tippens, Andrew Erlandsen, Douglas A Hanes, Robert Graybill, Courtney Jackson, Julie Briley, Heather Zwickey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of measuring the health impacts of a 12-week naturopathic whole foods nutrition education course among adults with or at risk for prediabetes. DESIGN: A pilot nonrandomized pre-post intervention design investigated physiological changes associated with participation in a 12-week structured naturopathic nutrition education course. Follow-up measures were assessed at 6 and 12 months from baseline. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Three community-based kitchens in Oregon...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Hannah C Waters, Sarah Davidson
Government policy in England encourages communities to capacity build from within. Community psychology has explored the role of community resilience in this process. But what happens if a community appears to lack formalized resources? This article considers such a community in which a grassroots community center thrives outside the boundaries of formalized community organizations. It aimed to find out how this community mobilized, the benefits for those connected, and how the center survives. A grounded theory 'center as a living organism' was constructed from the accounts of eleven participants...
November 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Susan H Babey, Joelle Wolstein, Allison L Diamant
This policy brief describes physical activity among California children and adolescents. Using data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the study found that only 31 percent of children ages 5-11 and 18 percent of adolescents ages 12-17 meet the physical activity guidelines of engaging in at least one hour of physical activity every day. Neighborhood characteristics, including safety and proximity to parks, are related to physical activity levels among youth. Also, among older children, boys are more active than girls...
September 2018: Policy Brief
Susan H Babey, Joelle Wolstein, Allison L Diamant
This policy brief describes two types of walking among California adults: walking for transportation and walking for leisure. Using data from the 2013-14 California Health Interview Survey, the study found that the prevalence of both types of walking has increased since 2003. The prevalence of walking for both transportation and leisure varies with age, income, race/ethnicity, and neighborhood safety and cohesion. Additional efforts by state and local policymakers, as well as by communities, are needed to reduce disparities and promote walking among adults...
September 2018: Policy Brief
Norman Jay Stomski, Paul Morrison, Margaret Sealey, Petra Skeffington, Geraldine O'Brien
The level of carer burden has increased as carers take on more responsibility for mental health consumers as a result of the contemporary shift in the delivery of services from institutional to community settings. Interventions are required to mitigate mental health carer burden. Therefore, we examined the association between dispositional gratitude and burden in a cross-sectional survey of 231 Australian mental health carers. Dispositional gratitude was assessed by the S-GRAT, and carer burden was measured using the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire...
October 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jennifer Molinsky, Ann Forsyth
At any age, the pursuit of a good life is easier in a physical environment that promotes health, supports activities important to self-fulfillment, and facilitates connections to the larger community. In old age, the home and neighborhood environments are particularly important: they are the locations where older people spend most their time, and they can have a great impact on independence, social connection, feelings of self-worth, and physical and emotional well-being. Within the urban planning field, home and neighborhood characteristics are important dimensions of debates about the measurement of human progress and quality of life, particularly as an alternative to purely economic measures...
September 2018: Hastings Center Report
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