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community health promotion

Ana Clara Camarotti, Gabriela Wald, Alejandro Capriati, Ana Lía Kornblit
This article presents a model for building a comprehensive community response to adolescent health problems. The approach is comprehensive in that it includes prevention and promotion, assistance and protection, and involves different sectors and areas of the State and the community. We describe the conceptual framework and principles of the model, developed based on debates regarding health promotion and collective health as well as the work experiences of the research team in different communities in Argentina over the last 15 years...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Franco Romaní, Jimmy Carreazo Pariasca, Jackelin Aguilar Madrid, Daniel Espinoza Herrera
Traditionally, research institutions have focused their efforts on generating scientific knowledge and disseminating it through traditional mechanisms such as scientific publications. Recently, several Latin American countries, through entities dedicated to the promotion of Science, Technology, and Innovation, are promoting the development of scientific culture in the general population, through various strategies of dissemination, popularization, or scientific appropriation. The National Institute of Health has implemented strategies of scientific divulgation, such as programs of educational visits in museums, divulgation in social networks and events of scientific divulgation...
July 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Viviane Silva de Jesus, Samylla Maira Costa Siqueira, Climene Laura de Camargo, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburgh, Maria Carolina Ortiz Whitaker, Márcia Lúcia Dos Santos, Carolina Larrosa de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: to report the experience of research phases on promoting sustainable development based on social technologies with palm fiber artifacts in a vulnerable community. METHOD: this is an experience report that describes the phases of a multiprofessional project that sought sustainable development, and was conducted with inhabitants from a vulnerable community. RESULTS: the actions were developed in four phases: exploratory, planning, implementation and evaluation...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Luciana Netto, Kênia Lara Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the insertion in reflective professional practice as a strategy for the development of competencies for health promotion in nurses' training. METHOD: Case study, qualitative approach anchored in the theoretical-methodological framework of the Marxist dialectic. Data were obtained from documents, interviews with graduated students and focus groups with teachers from a nursing higher education institution located in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil...
December 3, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Alessandra N Bazzano, Kaitlin Storck Potts, Afework Mulugeta
Maternal and child feeding behaviors are often rooted in family and sociocultural context, making these an important point of inquiry for improving nutrition and health over the life course. The present study explored the practice of fasting during religious periods in relation to eating patterns of pregnant and lactating women and young children in four regions of Ethiopia, a nation which has experienced rapid economic growth and marked improvement in health and nutrition outcomes over the last two decades...
2018: PloS One
Alec Hope, Bridget Haire
OBJECTIVE: HIV prevention tools such as pre-exposure prophylaxis require equitable access and uptake to protect all at-risk populations. This project assessed the perceived barriers to accessible HIV prevention for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander gay and bisexual men (GBM) and evaluated the presence of health promotion for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for this population from the perspective of service providers. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers, researchers and AIDS Council employees were qualitatively analysed for themes and concepts related to PrEP-specific health promotion...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Talia Donenberg, Sophia George, Jameel Ali, Gabriela Bravo, Karen Hernandez, Navin Sookar, Kimlin Tam Ashing, Steven A Narod, Mohammad R Akbari, Judith Hurley
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in Caribbean women. Across the Caribbean islands, the prevalence of hereditary breast cancer among unselected breast cancer patients ranges from 5 to 25%. Moreover, the prevalence of BC among younger women and the high mortality in the Caribbean region are notable. This BC burden presents an opportunity for cancer prevention and control that begins with genetic testing among high-risk women. Measured response to positive genetic test results includes the number of preventive procedures and cascade testing in family members...
December 4, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Behnoosh Momin, Ena Wanliss, Lumbe Davis, Julie S Townsend, Kerri Lopez, Brooke Steele
Achieving health equity requires addressing social determinants of health. Promoting health equity as it relates to cancer control is one of six priorities of the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP). This article describes recent activities implemented by three NCCCP awardees (North-west Portland Area Indian Health Board, Kansas, Michigan) and the CDC-funded National Behavior Health Network (NBHN), whose aim is to reduce health disparities among those with mental health and/or substance disorders...
December 4, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Christine Cécile Leyns, Jan De Maeseneer, Sara Willems
BACKGROUND: People-centred health care (PCC) services are identified by the WHO as important building blocks towards universal health coverage. In 2016 the WHO formulated a comprehensive framework on integrated PCC services based on an international expert consultation. Yet, expert opinions may fail to recognize the needs of all health system stakeholders. Therefore, a consultation method that includes the health workforce and laypersons, can be instrumental to elaborate this framework more in-depth...
December 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Vernon Mochache, Eunice Irungu, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, Peter Gichangi
BACKGROUND: Community-participatory approaches are important for effective maternal and child health interventions. A community-participatory intervention (the Dialogue Model) was implemented in Kwale County, Kenya to enhance uptake of select maternal and child health services among women of reproductive age. METHODS: Community volunteers were trained to facilitate Dialogue Model sessions in community units associated with intervention health facilities in Matuga, Kwale...
December 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Xiaojun Liu, Xiao Yin, Anran Tan, Meikun He, Dongdong Jiang, Yitan Hou, Yuanan Lu, Zongfu Mao
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an early stage of Alzheimer's disease or other forms of dementia that occurs mainly in older adults. The MCI phase could be considered as an observational period for the secondary prevention of dementia. This study aims to assess potential differences in the risk of MCI among different elderly groups in Wuhan, China, and to further identify the most vulnerable populations using logistic regression models. A total of 622 older adults participated in this study, and the prevalence of MCI was 34...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ingrid Guerra Azevedo, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel, Elizabel de Souza Ramalho Viana
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies show that multiparity and a number of chronic conditions are correlated among women. Also, low respiratory muscle strength has been associated to adverse health outcomes such as chronic lung disease and early mortality. This study aimed to investigate associations between the number of lifetime pregnancies and maximal inspiratory/expiratory pressures. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 204 women ages 41-80 years-old, from the rural community of Santa Cruz, Brazil, provided data regarding demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, health behaviors, and number of lifetime pregnancies (≤3, 4-6 or ≥7)...
2018: PloS One
Katherine A Baverstock, Diane Marie Gargya, Mervyn Jackson, Ieva Stupans
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the determinants of health is essential for all health professionals to be able to contribute to health promotion and disease prevention. METHOD: This project sought to explore first-year students' understanding of determinants of health through a photograph essay assessment. RESULTS: Approximately one third of the students chose to depict social determinants of health, such as poverty and homelessness. Other determinants, such as individual human behavior, physical determinants, and policy, were less frequently selected...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Jane Taylor, Rachel Cole, Mary Kynn, John Lowe
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Improving the health of men is a national policy priority. The Men's Shed program is one health promoting initiative that seeks to improve the health and wellbeing of men. This study assessed Men's Shed members' perceptions of the health and wellbeing benefits of Men's Shed activity in a large regional Queensland Men's Shed. METHODS: Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire from 147 and three group interviews with 17 shedders. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to determine differences in shedders perceived health and wellbeing measures retrospectively just before joining the Men's Shed and currently...
December 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Amanda J Wheeler, Amary Mey, Jane L Fowler, Gabor Mihala, Fiona Kelly
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Stigma and discrimination can have a significant impact on successful mental health recovery. This research evaluated the effectiveness of a web-based mental health promotion intervention on stigma and discrimination in community pharmacies via assessment of staff attitudes, confidence and skills. METHODS: Guided by the intervention mapping framework, we used experiential learning techniques, including pre-recorded consumer/carer narratives, role-plays and panel discussions accessed by participants in an innovative, flexible, web-based, program of modules...
December 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Amy Pennay, Sarah MacLean, Georgia Rankin, Sean O'Rourke
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Hello Sunday Morning (HSM) is an online program that encourages people to commit to a period of non-drinking and blog about their experiences. Among a sample of Victorian HSM users, we aimed to explore the barriers faced and the strategies adopted to maximise potential for achieving temporary abstinence. METHODS: A content analysis of blog data from 154 HSM users (a total of 2844 blog posts) was undertaken by three researchers. Participants were predominantly women aged 30-50 years...
December 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Scott D Rhodes, Jorge Alonzo, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Amanda E Tanner, Aaron T Vissman, Omar Martinez, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Celedon, Jesus M Garcia, Jorge E Arellano, Eunyoung Y Song, Eugenia Eng, Beth A Reboussin
Introduction: The Latino population in the US is rapidly growing and faces profound health disparities; however, engagement of Latinos in biomedical research remains low. Our community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership has recruited 2,083 Spanish-speaking Latinos into 21 studies over 15 years. We sought to identify and describe the strategies we have used to successfully recruit and retain Spanish-speaking Latinos in research. Methods: We abstracted and analyzed data from archived study notes, progress reports, team meeting minutes, and in-depth interviews conducted annually from CBPR partnership members...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Madeline Travers, Deborah O'Uhuru, Trisha Mueller, Jane Bedell
PURPOSE: Inequitable access to quality adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) care may contribute to the high rate of teen pregnancy in the Bronx, New York. Bronx Teens Connection (BxTC), a community-wide intervention, sought to increase the number of ASRH best practices implemented and the number of females 12-19 years old receiving services by health centers in the Bronx. METHODS: To promote best practices, BxTC provided training and technical assistance to partnering health centers from 2011 to 2014...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Faten Alhomoud, Reem Almahasnah, Farah Kais Alhomoud
BACKGROUND: The sale of antibiotics without a prescription poses a global public health concern. Antibiotics dispensed without a prescription are largely recognised as a cause of antibiotic misuse and overuse which may result in antibiotic resistance, recurrent infection, increased cost and adverse effects of treatment. There have been no qualitative studies to explore the reasons for over-the-counter (OTC) sale of antibiotics, despite the fact that non-prescription sale of antibiotics are increasing in Saudi Arabia...
December 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Eunhee Park, Bong Gee Jang
Effective health education programs for adolescent substance use prevention need to be developed. However, the evidence supporting the use of specific instructional strategies for youth substance use prevention programs is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a community-based program aiming for smoking, alcohol, and substance use prevention based on multiple disciplinary literacy strategies. A one-group pretest-and-posttest comparison design was used to test the feasibility of the new substance use prevention program...
October 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
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