keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

psychopharmacotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255309/comprehensive-measurements-of-intrauterine-and-postnatal-exposure-to-lamotrigine
#1
Michael Paulzen, Julia C Stingl, Marc Augustin, Helena Saßmannshausen, Cordula Franz, Gerhard Gründer, Georgios Schoretsanitis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure and investigate correlations of lamotrigine concentrations in maternal as well as umbilical cord blood, amniotic fluid, and breast milk to account for the distribution of the drug. METHODS: Concentrations of lamotrigine were measured in 19 mother-infant pairs at the time of delivery. To account for the penetration ratio into amniotic fluid, cord blood and breast milk, the concentration of lamotrigine in the particular environment was divided by the concentration in maternal serum...
September 25, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152283/psychopharmacotherapy-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-within-the-framework-of-tourette-syndrome
#2
Aribert Rothenberger, Veit Roessner
While Behavioral Therapy (BT) should be recommended as the first step in the treatment of OCD as well as TS, medication can be added for augmentation and in certain situations (e.g. family preference, BT not available or feasible) the priority may even reverse. This narrative review is given on the complexity of drug treatment in patients comorbid for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette syndrome (TS) and other tic problems. OCD with TS is a co-occuring combination of two generally delimitable, but in detail also overlapping disorders which wax and wane with time but have different courses and necessities and options of treatment...
August 27, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040812/-the-treatment-of-non-chemical-addictions
#3
A Yu Egorov
Today, there are no standards of therapy for non-chemical (behavioral) addictions. The article examines in detail modern psychological (classes in the 12 step program groups, various psychotherapeutic interventions) and pharmacological (antidepressants, opioid receptor antagonists, normotimics, glutamatergic agents, etc.) approaches to the treatment of pathological gambling. The possibilities of therapy of love and sexual addiction are analyzed. Separately, the problems of correction of the so-called socially acceptable addictions, as well as Internet addictions, are considered...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951950/evidence-for-the-validity-of-the-psychopharmacotherapy-structured-clinical-observation-tool-results-of-a-factor-and-time-series-analysis
#4
John Q Young, Rehana Rasul, Patricia S O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) is a direct observation tool designed to assess resident performance of a medication visit. This study examines two dimensions of validity for the P-SCO: internal structure and how scores correlate with another variable associated with competence (experience). METHODS: The faculty completed 601 P-SCOs over 4 years. Multilevel exploratory factor analysis was performed with minimum thresholds for eigenvalue (≥ 1...
June 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864765/the-role-of-psychodynamic-and-personality-assessment-in-psychopharmacotherapy-of-suicidal-psychotic-patients
#5
Darko Marčinko, Sanda Radanović Ćorić, Maja Šeparović Lisak, Duško Rudan, Vjeko Jeleč, Vedran Bilić
Optimal psychopharmacotherapy is based upon the results of many different factors. One of the main factors is therapeutic alliance. The role of psychodynamic is very important in the context of good therapeutic alliance. Lack of mentalizing capacity implies disturbed view of psychopharmacotherapy. Therapeutic relationship and optimal alliance offers the frame for acceptance of psychiatric drugs as positive and useful for psychological growth. Our literature search of a recent papers relating psychopharmacology and psychodynamic have revealed progress in psychoanalytic theory related to medication...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863695/-the-features-of-psychopharmacotherapy-of-depressive-states-with-panic-attacks
#6
N N Ivanets, M A Kinkulkina, K M Tartynskiy, G L Krenkel
AIM: To develop therapeutic programs for treatment of depression with panic attacks on the basis of their clinical and psychopathological features. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 in- and outpatients, aged from 18 to 60 years, with depression of mild and moderate severity with panic attacks were studied. The investigation was carried out using clinical, psychopathological and psychometric (the Atypical Depression Diagnostic Scale (ADDS), the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scales (MADRS), and the Sheehan Anxiety Rating Scale (ShARS)) methods...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678368/psychopharmacotherapy-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-comorbid-conditions
#7
REVIEW
Ahmed Naguy
One or more comorbidities occur in up to 80% of children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder is also over-represented in several special populations. Pharmacotherapy can be challenging in these individuals with other conditions due to a suboptimal therapeutic response and an increased likelihood of adverse reactions. This article reviews the evidence supporting the psychopharmacologic management attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder when it occurs in individuals with common comorbidities...
May 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619580/prevalence-and-predictors-of-no-lifetime-utilization-of-mental-health-treatment-among-people-with-mental-disorders-in-france-findings-from-the-mental-health-in-general-population-mhgp-survey
#8
Hélène Font, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Hélène Behal, Pierre-Alexis Geoffroy, Baptiste Pignon, Ali Amad, Nicolas Simioni, Guillaume Vaiva, Pierre Thomas, Alain Duhamel, Imane Benradia, Benjamin Rolland
PURPOSE: No lifetime utilization of mental health treatment (NUMT) is an indicator of the treatment gap among people in need of treatment. Until now, the overall prevalence and predictors of NUMT have never been explored in France. METHODS: In a 39,617-respondent survey, participants were assessed for NUMT, i.e., no lifetime psychotherapy, psychopharmacotherapy, or psychiatric hospitalization. Mental disorders were investigated using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 5...
June 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536121/-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-treatment-of-cognitive-impairments
#9
REVIEW
P Riedel, M N Smolka, M Bauer
More than half of the patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and a subgroup of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder show impairment in neurocognitive and social cognitive performance. The degree of impairment varies from person to person. An improvement of cognitive impairment results in increased subjective quality of life and increased psychosocial functioning, to a much greater extent than successful treatment of other symptoms. Therefore, it is reasonable to not only recognize and bear decreased cognitive functioning in mind but also to offer specific treatment of impairments...
July 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529010/potential-of-oral-fluid-as-a-clinical-specimen-for-compliance-monitoring-of-psychopharmacotherapy
#10
Jasna Neumann, Olof Beck, Norbert Dahmen, Michael Böttcher
BACKGROUND: Oral fluid (OF) is being developed as a specimen for the determination of drug intake as an alternative to serum and plasma. It is generally considered as an attractive specimen due to the noninvasive nature of the sampling procedure and the relation to the free fraction of drug in the blood. These features are of particular value in drug treatment of psychiatric disorders. To establish OF for the purpose of monitoring drug therapy, the relationship between concentrations in OF and serum/plasma must be documented...
April 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499579/-sleep-disorders-and-impaired-sleep-as-adverse-drug-reactions-of-psychotropic-drugs-an-evaluation-of-data-of-summaries-of-product-characteristics
#11
Maximilian Gahr, Bernhard J Connemann, René Zeiss, Albrecht Fröhlich
OBJECTIVE: Psychopharmacotherapy is essential in the treatment of many mental disorders. Adverse drug reactions (ADR) have impact on compliance and tolerability. Sleep disorders or impaired sleep may occur as ADRs of psychopharmacotherapy. Sleep disorders are associated with an increased risk for physical and mental illness and may impair cognition, impulse control, emotion regulation and mood. Objective of the following study was the systematic presentation of type and risk of sleep disorders/impairments of sleep of frequently prescribed psychotropic drugs...
July 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439745/some-problems-with-non-inferiority-tests-in-psychotherapy-research-psychodynamic-therapies-as-an-example
#12
Winfried Rief, Stefan G Hofmann
In virtually every field of medicine, non-inferiority trials and meta-analyses with non-inferiority conclusions are increasingly common. This non-inferiority approach has been frequently used by a group of authors favoring psychodynamic therapies (PDTs), concluding that PDTs are just as effective as cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT). We focus on these examples to exemplify some problems associated with non-inferiority tests of psychological treatments, although the problems also apply to psychopharmacotherapy research, CBT research, and others...
June 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380145/performance-assessment-of-pharmacotherapy-results-from-a-content-validity-survey-of-the-psychopharmacotherapy-structured-clinical-observation-p-sco-tool
#13
John Q Young, David M Irby, Martin Kusz, Patricia S O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) tool is designed to assess performance of a medication management visit and to enhance feedback. Prior research indicated that the P-SCO was feasible to implement in a resident clinic and generated behaviorally specific, high-quality feedback. This research also highlighted problems with some of the instrument's items. This study seeks to improve the items. METHODS: The authors initially revised the P-SCO items based on the problems identified by a prior study...
January 29, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288510/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-nursing-psychotherapeutic-intervention-for-anxiety-in-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio, Odete Araújo, Carlos Sequeira, María Teresa Lluch Canut, Teresa Martins
AIM: To evaluate the short-term efficacy of a psychotherapeutic intervention in nursing on Portuguese adult psychiatric outpatients with the nursing diagnosis "anxiety." BACKGROUND: Several efficacious forms of treatment for anxiety are available, including different forms of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, literature tends to favour findings from studies on the efficacy of psychotherapies and therapies provided by nurses to the detriment of those arising from studies on the efficacy of nursing psychotherapeutic interventions (interventions which are classified, for instance, on Nursing Interventions Classification)...
May 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247287/-the-role-of-psychopharmacotherapy-in-the-development-of-social-psychiatry-in-germany
#15
REVIEW
H Helmchen
Early experiences and indications are reported that psychopharmacotherapy, particularly as prophylactic long-term medication for prevention of relapses, has led to an increased recognition of social determinants of the course of illness, especially in schizophrenic patients. As a result, institutions combining both social and psychopharmacological treatment have developed, e. g., in Berlin beginning with "Phönix" a transition home ("Übergangsheim") in 1956 to a catamnesis for long-term outpatient treatment of schizophrenic patients in 1957, a social service in 1960, a day and night hospital in 1962 up to a university department of social psychiatry in 1972 with a rich spectrum of facilities for a step by step rehabilitation of mentally ill patients...
January 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227012/superior-anti-suicidal-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-unipolar-disorder-and-bipolar-depression
#16
Chih-Sung Liang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Pei-Shen Ho, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has long been believed to reduce suicidal tendencies in patients with affective disorders; however, ECT recipients, who constitute the most severely ill and suicidal patients, are not eligible to participate in head-to-head randomized controlled trials. Large-scale studies are required to investigate the anti-suicidal effects of ECT vs psychopharmacotherapy. METHODS: A nationwide retrospective cohort study design was used...
December 11, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982047/rehospitalization-and-suicide-following-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-bipolar-depression-a-population-based-register-study
#17
Katarzyna Popiolek, Ole Brus, Tove Elvin, Mikael Landén, Johan Lundberg, Pia Nordanskog, Axel Nordenskjöld
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in bipolar depression, but relapse is common. The aim of the study was (i) to identify prognostic factors (ii) and to determine the impact of pharmacological approaches on the risk for rehospitalization or suicide. METHODS: This register study analyzed data from individuals treated with inpatient ECT for bipolar depression. Subjects were identified using the Swedish National Patient Register between 2011 and 2014 and the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745682/-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-recurrent-dynamics-of-depression
#18
REVIEW
D Yu Veltishchev, O B Kovalevskaya, O F Seravina
The existing literature in the field demonstrates that in the majority of cases depressive disorder has a recurrent course that resulted in negative consequences: an increase in a number of chronic and marked episodes, a higher risk of suicide and stable cognitive deficit. An analysis of predictors promoting the formation of recurrent depressive disorder allows an identification of a constellation of biological, psychological, therapeutic, social factors which should be taken into account in the choice of methods of prevention of the next episode of depression...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741067/-validation-of-interaction-databases-in-psychopharmacotherapy
#19
M Hahn, S C Roll
BACKGROUND: Drug-drug interaction databases are an important tool to increase drug safety in polypharmacy. There are several drug interaction databases available but it is unclear which one shows the best results and therefore increases safety for the user of the databases and the patients. So far, there has been no validation of German drug interaction databases. GOAL: Validation of German drug interaction databases regarding the number of hits, mechanisms of drug interaction, references, clinical advice, and severity of the interaction...
March 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422528/effect-of-psychopharmacotherapy-on-body-mass-index-among-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorders
#20
Ayush Patel, Wenyaw Chan, Rajender R Aparasu, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Jeff T Sherer, Rohan Medhekar, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effect of all treatment options for pediatric bipolar disorders on body mass index (BMI) and to explore individual characteristics associated with less BMI increase during psychotropic medication exposures. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using the 1995 to 2010 General Electric Electronic Medical Record database. Individuals aged 18 years or younger who had a new bipolar disorder episode were identified. Treatment exposure was defined based on the medication regimens patients received, which include atypical antipsychotic (AT) monotherapy, mood stabilizer (MS) monotherapy, antidepressant (AD) monotherapy, AT+MS polytherapy, AT+AD polytherapy, MS+AD polytherapy, and no treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
169451
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"