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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024835/managed-access-technology-to-combat-contraband-cell-phones-in-prison-findings-from-a-process-evaluation
#1
Eric Grommon
Cell phones in correctional facilities have emerged as one of the most pervasive forms of modern contraband. This issue has been identified as a top priority for many correctional administrators in the United States. Managed access, a technology that utilizes cellular signals to capture transmissions from contraband phones, has received notable attention as a promising tool to combat this problem. However, this technology has received little evaluative attention. The present study offers a foundational process evaluation and draws upon output measures and stakeholder interviews to identify salient operational challenges and subsequent lessons learned about implementing and maintaining a managed access system...
October 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#2
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990944/the-opinion-of-turkish-cardiologists-on-current-malpractice-system-and-an-alternative-patient-compensation-system-proposal-pcs-study-group
#3
Ayhan Olcay, Sadık Volkan Emren, Gamze Babür Güler, Ekrem Güler, Vedat Ertunç, Rida Berilgen, Abdullah Aslan, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük, Kıvanç Yalın
OBJECTIVE: Cardiologists participate in the diagnosis and interventional treatment of numerous high-risk patients. The goal of this study was to investigate how the current malpractice system in Turkey influences cardiologists' diagnostic and interventional behavior and to obtain their opinions about an alternative patient compensation system. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study assessed the practice of defensive medicine among cardiologists who are actively working in various types of workplace within the Turkish healthcare system...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990135/text-messaging-sms-helping-cancer-care-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-a-pilot-study
#4
Timóteo Matthies Rico, Karina Dos Santos Machado, Vanessa Pellegrini Fernandes, Samanta Winck Madruga, Patrícia Tuerlinckx Noguez, Camila Rose Guadalupe Barcelos, Mateus Madail Santin, Cristiane Rios Petrarca, Samuel Carvalho Dumith
Cancer treatment is an extremely stressful life experience that is accompanied by a range of psychological, social, physical, and practical difficulties. Cancer patients need to receive information that helps them to better understand the disease, assists them in decision-making, and helps them deal with treatment. Patients are interested in receiving such information. The degree of satisfaction with the information received has been associated with positive health outcomes, specifically regarding quality of life, severity of side effects, and psychological well-being...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989498/two-vignettes-of-adolescent-sexual-disclosure-guidance-for-hiv-clinical-practice
#5
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Cynthia Rodgers, Lauren Eb Marefka, Marla D Hinson, Dayna Cook-Heard, Stephen D Rygiel, Marsha S Sturdevant
HIV-positive adolescents are required by law to notify sexual partners, but can find it difficult to achieve this goal. This article offers practice guidance for counselling HIV-positive adolescents about sexual disclosure in clinical settings and for building confidence in managing sexual lives with HIV. We use two vignettes to illustrate key differences between perinatally and sexually infected adolescents in terms of readiness to disclose, and include a set of strategies for both groups that can be tailored to individual circumstances and contexts...
January 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970644/using-cell-phones-for-data-collection-benefits-outcomes-and-intervention-possibilities-with-homeless-youth
#6
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS) surveying. This paper examines youths' opinions about study participation and how they used the cell phone...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967061/effects-of-electromagnetic-waves-emitted-from-3g-wi-fi-modems-on-human-semen-analysis
#7
Koosha Kamali, Mohammadmehdi Atarod, Saeedeh Sarhadi, Javad Nikbakht, Maryam Emami, Robab Maghsoudi, Hormoz Salimi, Bita Fallahpour, Negar Kamali, Abdolreza Momtazan, Mojtaba Ameli
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 3G+wifi modems on human sperm quality.A total of 40 semen specimens were gathered between March and September 2015, from healthy adult men. METHODS: The sperm samples were divided into two groups - 3G+wi-fi exposed and unexposed groups. In the unexposed group, the specimens were shielded by aluminum foil in three layers and put into an incubator at a temperature of 37°C for 50 minutes. The exposed group was positioned in another room in an incubator at a temperature of 37°C for 50 minutes...
September 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966882/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-cellular-sms-reminders-on-consistency-of-antiretroviral-therapy-pharmacy-pickups-in-hiv-infected-adults-in-botswana-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Michael J A Reid, Andrew P Steenhoff, James Thompson, Lesego Gabaitiri, Mark S Cary, Katherine Steele, Susan Mayisela, Diana Dickinson, Peter Ehrenkranz, Harvey M Friedman, Darren R Linkin
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have demonstrated that cellular phone short message service (SMS) improve antiretroviral adherence for people living with HIV in Africa, although less data are available to support using SMS reminders to improve timeliness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) pharmacy pick up. This study tested the efficacy of SMS reminders on timeliness of ART pharmacy pickups at an urban clinic in Gaborone, Botswana. DESIGN: A randomized-controlled trial evaluating the effect of SMS reminders on ART collection for patients with HIV on treatment...
2017: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966712/changes-in-gait-and-texting-ability-during-progressively-difficult-gait-tasks
#9
Andrew J Strubhar, Brody Rapp, Dillon Thomas
To investigate the effects of a cell phone texting task on an individual's ability to perform three ambulation-based tasks, each with different and progressively more difficult demands. 36 participants (24 male/12 female, average age 23.4) performed: a Timed Up & Go (TUG), stair ambulation (STAIR), and tandem gait (TAN). Participants completed each gait-based task under four conditions: as a practice, while holding their cellular device (baseline), while texting a message, and while reading a message. Statistically significant differences were found within the following variables: 1) mean time to complete a gait task increased through the conditions (Baseline, Texting, Reading), 2) mean number of gait deviations increased while texting during TAN condition in comparison to baseline, 3) mean characters per second became less only in the STAIR task, 4) mean number of texting errors per second increased only in the TAN task...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966426/adolescents-depressive-symptoms-and-subsequent-technology-based-interpersonal-behaviors-a-multi-wave-study
#10
Jacqueline Nesi, Adam B Miller, Mitchell J Prinstein
This study examined the longitudinal effects of adolescents' depressive symptoms on engagement in technology-based social comparison and feedback seeking (SCFS) behaviors. A total of 816 adolescents (54.7% girls; Mage =14.1 at Time 1) participated at three times points, each one year apart. Adolescents reported technology-based SCFS, depressive symptoms, and frequencies of technology use (cell phones, Facebook, and Instagram). Multiple group (by gender) latent growth curve models examined concurrent and lagged effects of depressive symptoms on SCFS, controlling for adolescent's underlying trajectories of SCFS and overall frequencies of technology use...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964104/cell-phone-vs-microphone-recordings-judging-emotion-in-the-voice
#11
Joshua J Green, Inge-Marie Eigsti
Emotional states can be conveyed by vocal cues such as pitch and intensity. Despite the ubiquity of cellular telephones, there is limited information on how vocal emotional states are perceived during cell-phone transmissions. Emotional utterances (neutral, happy, angry) were elicited from two female talkers and simultaneously recorded via microphone and cell-phone. Ten-step continua (neutral to happy, neutral to angry) were generated using the straight algorithm. Analyses compared reaction time (RT) and emotion judgment as a function of recording type (microphone vs cell-phone)...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963685/assessment-and-modeling-of-e-waste-generation-based-on-growth-rate-from-different-telecom-companies-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#12
Bader S Al-Anzi, Abdul Aziz Al-Burait, Ashly Thomas, Chi Siang Ong
The present work assesses the production rate of cell phone e-waste in Kuwait by comparing the number of clients in three telecommunication service providers like Zain, Ooredoo, and Viva in the state of Kuwait over a period of 7 years from 2008 to 2015. An online survey was conducted to evaluate the growth in the number of clients in three cell phone companies, and the data analysis was carried out using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) software. The prediction of the growth percentage of the number of clients in each telecommunication company was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and followed by the regression model...
September 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962569/perspectives-and-experiences-of-community-health-workers-in-brazilian-primary-care-centers-using-m-health-tools-in-home-visits-with-community-members
#13
Julia Schoen, John William Mallett, Rebecca Grossman-Kahn, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (m-health) tools are a promising strategy to facilitate the work of community health workers (CHWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite their potential value, little is known about CHWs' experiences working with m-health tools in their outreach activities with community members. METHODS: To understand the benefits of and barriers to using m-health tools for CHWs, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 57 CHWs employed in six primary care centers in São Paulo, Brazil...
September 29, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961676/context-matters-prep-adherence-is-associated-with-sexual-behavior-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-east-africa
#14
Jessica E Haberer, Kenneth Ngure, Timothy Muwonge, Nelly Mugo, Elly Katabira, Renee Heffron, Nicholas Musinguzi, David R Bangsberg, Connie Celum, Jared M Baeten
BACKGROUND: Short message service (SMS) surveys are a promising tool for understanding whether pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence aligns with risk for HIV acquisition- a concept known as prevention-effective adherence. METHODS: The Partners Demonstration Project was an open-label study of integrated PrEP and antiretroviral therapy (ART) delivery among high-risk HIV serodiscordant couples in East Africa. HIV-uninfected partners were offered PrEP until their HIV-infected partner had taken ART for > 6 months...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957056/2d-3d-switchable-display-based-on-a-passive-polymeric-lenticular-lens-array-and-electrically-suppressed-ferroelectric-liquid-crystal
#15
Liangyu Shi, Abhishek Kumar Srivastava, Alwin Ming Wai Tam, Vladimir Grigorievich Chigrinov, Hoi Sing Kwok
We reveal a 2D-3D switchable lens unit that is based on a polarization-sensitive microlens array and a polarization selector unit made of an electrically suppressed helix ferroelectric liquid crystal (ESHFLC) cell. The ESHFLCs offer a high contrast ratio (∼10k∶1) between the crossed polarizers at a low applied electric field (∼1.7  V/μm) with a small switching time (<50  μs). A special driving scheme, to switch between a 2D and 3D mode, has been developed to avoid unwanted issues related to DC accumulation in the ferroelectric liquid crystal without affecting its optical quality...
September 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956351/the-response-of-human-bacteria-to-static-magnetic-field-and-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field
#16
David P E Crabtree, Brandon J Herrera, Sanghoon Kang
Cell phones and electronic appliances and devices are inseparable from most people in modern society and the electromagnetic field (EMF) from the devices is a potential health threat. Although the direct health effect of a cell phone and its radiofrequency (RF) EMF to human is still elusive, the effect to unicellular organisms is rather apparent. Human microbiota, including skin microbiota, has been linked to a very significant role in the health of a host human body. It is important to understand the response of human skin microbiota to the RF-EMF from cell phones and personal electronic devices, since this may be one of the potential mechanisms of a human health threat brought about by the disruption of the intimate and balanced host-microbiota relationship...
October 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953069/e-scripts-and-cell-phones-a-blessing-or-curse
#17
Susie T Harris, Paul D Bell, Elizabeth A Baker
E-scripts have been used as part of computerized provider order entry implementation for several years now, particularly with the passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Meaningful Use, the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, and other laws and regulations. This case study seeks to focus on 2 specific aspects of the effect of increasing electronic technology within health care: e-prescriptions and cell phones or smartphones...
September 26, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923813/bidirectional-text-messaging-to-improve-adherence-to-recommended-lipid-testing
#18
Laura-Mae Baldwin, Caitlin Morrison, Jonathan Griffin, Nick Anderson, Kelly Edwards, Jeff Green, Cleary Waldren, William Reiter
BACKGROUND: Synergies between technology and health care in the United States are accelerating, increasing opportunities to leverage these technologies to improve patient care. METHODS: This study was a collaboration between an academic study team, a rural primary care clinic, and a local nonprofit informatics company developing tools to improve patient care through population management. Our team created a text messaging management tool, then developed methods for and tested the feasibility of bidirectional text messaging to remind eligible patients about the need for lipid testing...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905116/-teledermoscopy-by-mobile-phones-reliable-help-in-the-diagnosis-of-skin-lesions
#19
A Zink, A Kolbinger, M Leibl, I Léon Suarez, J Gloning, C Merkel, J Winkler, T Biedermann, J Ring, B Eberlein
BACKGROUND: Teledermoscopy is a promising modern technique to complement or to substitute dermatologic examination. OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, we compared the outcomes of teledermoscopic consultations with clinical examinations and histologic results. METHODS: Conventional and dermatoscopic photos of single lesions were taken in 26 patients using a mobile phone and an attached handyscope optical system. Five resident physicians performed a clinical examination including dermoscopy while the teledermatologic and teledermoscopic photos were assessed by an experienced dermatologist...
September 13, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904503/an-experimental-study-of-the-effects-of-combined-exposure-to-microwave-and-heat-on-gene-expression-and-sperm-parameters-in-mice
#20
Faezeh A Gohari, Behzad Saranjam, Mohsen Asgari, Leila Omidi, Hamid Ekrami, Seyyed Ali Moussavi-Najarkola
OBJECTIVES: Separate exposure to microwaves (MWs) or heat had effects on expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2 and sperm parameters in studied group. AIMS: The objectives of this research were to determine the effects of separate and combined exposure to 900-MHz MW (as representative of cell phone radiation) and heat on gene expression and spermogram of male mice. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This experimental animal study was conducted in the school of public health...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
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