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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#1
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922202/current-practices-for-screening-consent-and-care-of-related-donors-in-france-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-coordinator-nurses-perceptions
#2
A Polomeni, C Bompoint, A Gomez, E Brissot, A Ruggeri, R Belhocine, M Mohty
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation-coordinating nurses (HSCT-CNs) play an important role in informing related donors (RDs) and in organising human leucocyte antigen (HLA) tests, pre-donation workup and stem cells collection. Our pilot study aimed to explore French HSCT-CNs' perceptions of RD care issues. Twenty-nine French HSCT adult units were sent a questionnaire on the subject of donation procedures, HSCT-CNs' data and their professional experience of related donation issues. Twenty-two HSCT-CNs returned a completed questionnaire, and 90% of HSCT units were involved to some degree in both patient and donor care...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911468/radical-cystectomy-and-cutaneous-ureterostomy-in-4-dogs-with-trigonal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-description-of-technique-and-case-series
#3
Rafael Ricardo Huppes, Leandro Z Crivellenti, Andrigo Barboza De Nardi, Bruno Roque Lima, Cristiane Alves Cintra, Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE: To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). METHODS: Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911288/the-effect-of-base-transceiver-station-waves-on-some-immunological-and-hematological-factors-in-exposed-persons
#4
Mohammad Taheri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Jamileh Ghaffari, Samira Rahimnejad, Behzad Nazel Khosroshahi, Mohsen Aliabadi, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian
BACKGROUND: Since the number of mobile subscribers has significantly increased in recent years, the installation and deployment of Base Transceiver Station (BTS) antennas sending and receiving signals has become common and inevitable in different regions. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have tried to evaluate the effect of the waves on some immunological and hematological parameters in exposed individuals. In this study, the exposed and non-exposed individuals were used as the test and control groups, respectively...
November 25, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906084/quasi-poisson-versus-negative-binomial-regression-models-in-identifying-factors-affecting-initial-cd4-cell-count-change-due-to-antiretroviral-therapy-administered-to-hiv-positive-adults-in-north-west-ethiopia-amhara-region
#5
Awoke Seyoum, Principal Ndlovu, Temesgen Zewotir
BACKGROUND: CD4 cells are a type of white blood cells that plays a significant role in protecting humans from infectious diseases. Lack of information on associated factors on CD4 cell count reduction is an obstacle for improvement of cells in HIV positive adults. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate baseline factors that could affect initial CD4 cell count change after highly active antiretroviral therapy had been given to adult patients in North West Ethiopia...
November 9, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898688/numerical-exposure-assessment-method-for-low-frequency-range-and-application-to-wireless-power-transfer
#6
SangWook Park, Minhyuk Kim
In this paper, a numerical exposure assessment method is presented for a quasi-static analysis by the use of finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) algorithm. The proposed method is composed of scattered field FDTD method and quasi-static approximation for analyzing of the low frequency band electromagnetic problems. The proposed method provides an effective tool to compute induced electric fields in an anatomically realistic human voxel model exposed to an arbitrary non-uniform field source in the low frequency ranges...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898368/the-dangers-of-rumination-on-the-road-predictors-of-risky-driving
#7
Kyle A Suhr, Chris S Dula
Past studies found many different types of factors can influence dangerous driving behaviors. Driver inattention, such as driving under the influence or using a cell phone while driving, was found to contribute to risky driving behaviors. Rumination is a cognitive process that may also contribute to risky driving behaviors due to its influence on attention and limited executive processes. The present study explores the potential role of rumination in dangerous driving behavior endorsement. It was hypothesized that trait rumination would be significantly related to dangerous driving behaviors and that this relationship would be conditional to the sex of the participant...
November 26, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896909/homeless-patients-perceptions-about-using-cell-phones-to-manage-medications-and-attend-appointments
#8
Leticia R Moczygemba, Lauren S Cox, Samantha A Marks, Margaret A Robinson, Jean-Venable R Goode, Nellie Jafari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) describe homeless persons' access and use of cell phones and their perceptions about using cell phone alerts to help manage medications and attend health care appointments and (2) identify demographic characteristics, medication use and appointment history and perceptions associated with interest in receiving cell phone alerts to manage medications and appointments. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 at a homeless clinic in Virginia...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894679/use-of-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-assay-in-occupational-biomonitoring-of-genome-damage-caused-by-in-vivo-exposure-to-chemical-genotoxins-past-present-and-future
#9
REVIEW
Armen Nersesyan, Michael Fenech, Claudia Bolognesi, Miroslav Mišík, Tahereh Setayesh, Georg Wultsch, Stefano Bonassi, Philip Thomas, Siegfried Knasmüller
This article concerns the use of the lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay in biomonitoring of occupational and environmental exposures to genotoxic agents. Furthermore, we evaluated the use of this method in different exposure scenarios, in comparison to other DNA damage biomarkers and its regional distribution. So far ca. 400 studies have been published and the number increased substantially in the last years. The most frequently investigated groups are hospital personnel, followed by workers in the chemical industry and agricultural workers...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890594/an-investigation-of-trends-in-precious-metal-and-copper-content-of-ram-modules-in-weee-implications-for-long-term-recycling-potential
#10
Rhys Gareth Charles, Peter Douglas, Ingrid Liv Hallin, Ian Matthews, Gareth Liversage
Precious metal (PM) and copper content of dynamic-RAM modules placed on the market during 1991-2008 has been analysed by AAS following comminution and acid digestion. Linear regression analysis of compositional data ordered according to sample chronology was used to identify historic temporal trends in module composition resulting from changes in manufacturing practices, and to project future trends for use in more accurate assessment of future recycling potential. DRAM was found to be 'high grade' waste with: stable levels of gold and silver over time; 80% reduction in palladium content during 1991-2008; and 0...
November 24, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890329/caroline-buckee-using-cell-phones-to-fight-infectious-disease
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885096/promoting-fluoroscopic-personal-radiation-protection-equipment-unfamiliarity-facts-and-fears
#12
Stephen Balter
An incomplete understanding of risk can cause inappropriate fear. Personal protective equipment (PPE) offered for the prevention of brain cancer in interventional fluoroscopists (IR-PPE). Similar items are offered for cell-phone use (RF-PPE). Publications on fluoroscopy staff brain cancer and similar papers on cell-phone induced brain cancer were reviewed. An internet safety product search was performed, which resulted in many tens of thousands of hits. Vendor claims for either ionizing radiation or radio frequency products seldom addressed the magnitude of the risk...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884124/community-based-interventions-to-enhance-knowledge-protective-attitudes-and-behaviors-towards-canine-rabies-results-from-a-health-communication-intervention-study-in-guangxi-china
#13
Hairong Wu, Jiao Chen, Lianbin Zou, Liefeng Zheng, Weichao Zhang, Zhenmu Meng, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Youming Wang, Jingli Kang, Xiangdong Sun
BACKGROUND: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855685/understanding-the-barriers-to-successful-adoption-and-use-of-a-mobile-health-information-system-in-a-community-health-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cohort-study
#14
Jayant V Rajan, Juliana Moura, Gato Gourley, Karina Kiso, Alexandre Sizilio, Ana Maria Cortez, Lee W Riley, Maria Amelia Veras, Urmimala Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology to support community health has surged in popularity, yet few studies have systematically examined usability of mobile platforms for this setting. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study of 14 community healthcare workers at a public healthcare clinic in São Paulo, Brazil. We held focus groups with community healthcare workers to elicit their ideas about a mobile health application and used this input to build a prototype app. A pre-use test survey was administered to all participants, who subsequently use-tested the app on three different devices (iPhone, iPad mini, iPad Air)...
November 17, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854065/the-utility-of-text-message-reminders-for-acne-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Jean-Phillip Okhovat, Francesca Tenconi, Jenny Kim, Christina N Kim
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is one of the three most common cutaneous disorders, affecting approximately 50 million people in the US and many more throughout the world. OBJECTIVE: We designed a pilot program to explore how patients may interact with cell phone technology to supplement medical care beyond patient reminders that would encompass education, interaction, and data capturing. METHODS: Twenty-four patients completed a 3-month study in which participants received daily text message reminders for the first 2 weeks of the study, then once weekly thereafter, to take their oral medication or apply topical therapy either once or twice daily...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853607/spatial-spread-of-the-west-africa-ebola-epidemic
#16
Andrew M Kramer, J Tomlin Pulliam, Laura W Alexander, Andrew W Park, Pejman Rohani, John M Drake
Controlling Ebola outbreaks and planning an effective response to future emerging diseases are enhanced by understanding the role of geography in transmission. Here we show how epidemic expansion may be predicted by evaluating the relative probability of alternative epidemic paths. We compared multiple candidate models to characterize the spatial network over which the 2013-2015 West Africa epidemic of Ebola virus spread and estimate the effects of geographical covariates on transmission during peak spread...
August 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846995/parental-perceptions-of-teen-driving-restrictions-worry-and-influence
#17
Amy Jewett, Ruth A Shults, Geeta Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Parents play a critical role in preventing crashes among teens. Research of parental perceptions and concerns regarding teen driving safety is limited. We examined results from the 2013 Summer ConsumerStyles survey that queried parents about restrictions placed on their teen drivers, their perceived level of "worry" about their teen driver's safety, and influence of parental restrictions regarding their teen's driving. METHODS: We produced frequency distributions for the number of restrictions imposed, parental "worry," and influence of rules regarding their teen's driving, reported by teen's driving license status (learning to drive or obtained a driver's license)...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843481/quasi-poisson-versus-negative-binomial-regression-models-in-identifying-factors-affecting-initial-cd4-cell-count-change-due-to-antiretroviral-therapy-administered-to-hiv-positive-adults-in-north-west-ethiopia-amhara-region
#18
Awoke Seyoum, Principal Ndlovu, Temesgen Zewotir
BACKGROUND: CD4 cells are a type of white blood cells that plays a significant role in protecting humans from infectious diseases. Lack of information on associated factors on CD4 cell count reduction is an obstacle for improvement of cells in HIV positive adults. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate baseline factors that could affect initial CD4 cell count change after highly active antiretroviral therapy had been given to adult patients in North West Ethiopia...
2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836449/microbial-flora-on-cell-phones-in-an-orthopedic-surgery-room-before-and-after-decontamination
#19
J Murgier, J-F Coste, E Cavaignac, X Bayle-Iniguez, P Chiron, P Bonnevialle, J-M Laffosse
INTRODUCTION: Cell-phones are the typical kind of object brought into the operating room from outside by hospital staff. A great effort is made to reduce the level of potentially contaminating bacteria in the operating room, and introducing these devices may run counter to good practice. The study hypothesis was that cell-phones are colonized by several strains of bacteria and may constitute a source of nosocomial contamination. The main study objective was to screen for bacterial colonies on the surfaces of cell-phones introduced in an orthopedic surgery room...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827987/self-reported-ache-pain-or-numbness-in-feet-and-use-of-computers-amongst-working-age-finns
#20
Leena Korpinen, Rauno Pääkkönen, Fabriziomaria Gobba
The use of the computers and other technical devices has increased. The aim of our work was to study the possible relation between self-reported foot symptoms and use of computers and cell phones using a questionnaire. The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study by posting a questionnaire to 15,000 working-age Finns. A total of 6121 responded, and 7.1% of respondents reported that they very often experienced pain, numbness, and aches in the feet. They also often experienced other symptoms: 52.3% had symptoms in the neck, 53...
November 7, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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