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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910717/mental-state-assessment-and-validation-using-personalized-physiological-biometrics
#1
Aashish N Patel, Michael D Howard, Shane M Roach, Aaron P Jones, Natalie B Bryant, Charles S H Robinson, Vincent P Clark, Praveen K Pilly
Mental state monitoring is a critical component of current and future human-machine interfaces, including semi-autonomous driving and flying, air traffic control, decision aids, training systems, and will soon be integrated into ubiquitous products like cell phones and laptops. Current mental state assessment approaches supply quantitative measures, but their only frame of reference is generic population-level ranges. What is needed are physiological biometrics that are validated in the context of task performance of individuals...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906291/a-real-time-medical-cartography-of-epidemic-disease-nodding-syndrome-using-village-based-lay-mhealth-reporters
#2
Raquel Valdes Angues, Austen Suits, Valerie S Palmer, Caesar Okot, Robert A Okot, Concy Atonywalo, Suzanne K Gazda, David L Kitara, Moka Lantum, Spencer S Peter
BACKGROUND: Disease surveillance in rural regions of many countries is poor, such that prolonged delays (months) may intervene between appearance of disease and its recognition by public health authorities. For infectious disorders, delayed recognition and intervention enables uncontrolled disease spread. We tested the feasibility in northern Uganda of developing real-time, village-based health surveillance of an epidemic of Nodding syndrome (NS) using software-programmed smartphones operated by minimally trained lay mHealth reporters...
June 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903304/-follow-up-study-on-the-association-between-problematic-cell-phone-use-and-cognitive-function-of-college-students-in-chizhou-city-in-2014-2015
#3
Qiong He, Hualing Cheng, Shichen Zhang, Peng Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between problematic cell phone use and reasoning ability in adolescent. METHODS: In a stratified cluster sampling design, problematic cell phone use and reasoning ability were evaluated in 929 college students from three universities for twice in one year's follow-up investigation from June 2014 to May 2015. RESULTS: The cross-sectional analysis showed that the score of problematic cell phone use was significantly associated with the score of reasoning ability( the baseline β =-0...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902896/-detection-of-antioxidant-activity-of-danhong-injection-and-its-intermediate-with-a-paper-based-analytical-device
#4
Shang-Xin Guo, Jing-Yuan Shao, Yi Wang, Hai-Bin Qu, Xing-Chu Gong
The paper-based analytical device (PAD) was applied in this study to analyze the antioxidant activity of Danhong injection and its intermediates. First polycaprolactone was printed on the surface of a filter paper with a 3D printing device. The modified filter paper was then prepared using polycaprolactone and solid paraffin as the modifiers. The PAD was prepared after adding DPPH ethanol solution to the modified filter paper. Ascorbic acid solutions with different concentrations were used as the positive drug on PAD...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895261/how-public-health-nurses-deal-with-sexting-among-young-people-a-qualitative-inquiry-using-the-critical-incident-technique
#5
Maria Clark, Alison Lewis, Sally Bradshaw, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
BACKGROUND: Globally, the potentially harmful effects of using cell phone technology for 'sexting' among young people, is a public health concern. The background literature indicates that sexting might have adverse psychosocial consequences for some young people who share partially nude images ('selfies'). Public health nurses (PHNs) could offer guidance to children and young people on digital safety, yet little is known about their role in this regard. This study explored PHNs' knowledge and confidence in addressing the issue among young people...
June 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892313/the-survey-of-personal-and-national-identity-on-cell-phone-addicts-and-non-addicts
#6
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Maryam Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhory, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
Objective: Smart phones have rapidly become an integral, and for some, an essential communication device worldwide. The issue of identity has always been a subject of interest among psychologists. The present study was conducted to compare personal and national identity and their subscales between cell phone addicts and non-addicts. Method : In this cross-sectional study, 500 student cell phone users from various universities in Tehran were recruited using stratified sampling. Participants completed cell phone addiction questionnaires including Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), Cell Phone Dependency Questionnaire (CPDQ), Personal Identity Development Questionnaire, Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOMEIS) and National Identity Questionnaire...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888946/the-dynamics-of-persisting-through-distress-development-of-a-momentary-distress-intolerance-scale-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#7
Jennifer C Veilleux, Morgan A Hill, Kayla D Skinner, Garrett A Pollert, Danielle E Baker, Kaitlyn D Spero
Distress tolerance, or the ability to withstand uncomfortable states, is thought to be a transdiagnostic risk factor for psychopathology. Distress tolerance is typically measured using self-report questionnaires or behavioral tasks, both of which construe distress tolerance as a trait and downplay the potential variability in distress tolerance across time and situation. The aim of the current study was to provide a method for assessing momentary distress tolerance using ecological momentary assessment to capture both within- and between-individual information...
June 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886456/survey-of-chronic-pain-in-chile-prevalence-and-treatment-impact-on-mood-daily-activities-and-quality-of-life
#8
Norberto Bilbeny, Juan Pablo Miranda, María Eliana Eberhard, Marisol Ahumada, Lorena Méndez, María Elena Orellana, Loreto Cid, Paola Ritter, Rodrigo Fernández
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence of chronic non-cancer pain has not been specifically reported in Chile. METHODS: In order to assess its prevalence and impact, we designed a tool based on previously published survey studies. We analyzed a sample of 784 subjects to determine the prevalence of chronic non-cancer pain, with a maximum variability of 50%, a confidence interval (CI) of 95%, and an estimation error of 3.5%. Finally, a cross-sectional cell phone survey was conducted on a nationally representative probability sample of 865 subjects of over 18 years, in November 2013...
June 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886411/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-using-cell-phones-in-a-low-income-population
#9
Allan T Daly, Ashish A Deshmukh, Damon J Vidrine, Alexander V Prokhorov, Summer G Frank, Patricia D Tahay, Maggie E Houchen, Scott B Cantor
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cigarette smoking is significantly higher among those living at or below the federal poverty level. Cell phone-based interventions among such populations have the potential to reduce smoking rates and be cost-effective. METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of three smoking cessation interventions: Standard Care (SC) (brief advice to quit, nicotine replacement therapy and self-help written materials), Enhanced Care (EC) (SC plus cell phone-delivered messaging) and Intensive Care (IC) (EC plus cell phone-delivered counselling)...
June 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884882/a-gold-standard-for-entity-resolution-within-sexually-transmitted-infection-networks
#10
John Schneider, L Philip Schumm, Maya Fraser, Vijay Yeldandi, Chuanhong Liao
Contact tracing for venereal disease control has been widespread since 1936 and relies on reported information about contacts' attributes to determine whether two contacts may represent the same individual. We developed and implemented a gold-standard for determining overlap between contacts reported by different individuals using cell phone numbers as unique identifiers. This method was then used to evaluate the performance of using reported names and demographic characteristics to infer overlap. Cell-phone numbers, names and demographic data for a sample of high-risk men in India and their contacts were collected using a novel, hybrid instrument involving both cell-phone data extraction and Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)...
June 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884550/absorption-of-wireless-radiation-in-the-child-versus-adult-brain-and-eye-from-cell-phone-conversation-or-virtual-reality
#11
C Fernández, A A de Salles, M E Sears, R D Morris, D L Davis
Children's brains are more susceptible to hazardous exposures, and are thought to absorb higher doses of radiation from cell phones in some regions of the brain. Globally the numbers and applications of wireless devices are increasing rapidly, but since 1997 safety testing has relied on a large, homogenous, adult male head phantom to simulate exposures; the "Standard Anthropomorphic Mannequin" (SAM) is used to estimate only whether tissue temperature will be increased by more than 1 Celsius degree in the periphery...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884549/the-genomic-effects-of-cell-phone-exposure-on-the-reproductive-system
#12
Ahmad Yahyazadeh, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Arife Ahsen Kaplan, Gamze Altun, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Devra Davis
Humans are exposed to increasing levels of electromagnetic fields (EMF) at various frequencies as technology advances. In this context, improving understanding of the biological effects of EMF remains an important, high priority issue. Although a number of studies in this issue and elsewhere have focused on the mechanisms of the oxidative stress caused by EMF, the precise understanding of the processes involved remains to be elucidated. Due to unclear results among the studies, the issue of EMF exposure in the literature should be evaluated at the genomic level on the reproductive system...
May 25, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884548/effects-of-mobile-phone-exposure-on-metabolomics-in-the-male-and-female-reproductive-systems
#13
Gamze Altun, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Devra Davis, Süleyman Kaplan
With current advances in technology, a number of epidemiological and experimental studies have reported a broad range of adverse effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on human health. Multiple cellular mechanisms have been proposed as direct causes or contributors to these biological effects. EMF-induced alterations in cellular levels can activate voltage-gated calcium channels and lead to the formation of free radicals, protein misfolding and DNA damage. Because rapidly dividing germ cells go through meiosis and mitosis, they are more sensitive to EMF in contrast to other slower-growing cell types...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882727/factors-affecting-rural-patients-primary-compliance-with-e-prescription-a-developing-country-perspective
#14
Nazmul Hossain, Masuda Begum Sampa, Fumihiko Yokota, Akira Fukuda, Ashir Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The electronic prescription system has emerged to reduce the ambiguity and misunderstanding associated with handwritten prescriptions. The opportunities and challenges of e-prescription system, its impact on reducing medication error, and improving patient's safety have been widely studied. However, not enough studies were conducted to explore and quantify the factors that affect rural patients' compliance with e-prescription, especially from the perspective of Asian developing countries where most of the world's population resides...
June 8, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881740/appointment-reminders-by-text-message-in-a-safety-net-health-care-system-a-pragmatic-investigation
#15
Henry H Fischer, Susan L Moore, Tracy L Johnson, Rachel M Everhart, Holly Batal, Arthur J Davidsoni
Introduction: Short Message Service (SMS) appointment reminders may provide a wide-reaching, low cost approach to reducing operational inefficiencies and improving access to care. Previous studies indicate this modality may improve attendance rates, yet there is a need for large-scale, pragmatic studies that include unintended consequences and operational costs. Methods: This pragmatic investigation was a before-after analysis that compared visit attendance outcomes among patients who opted into SMS appointment reminders with outcomes among those who declined over an 18-month evaluation period from March 25, 2013, to September 30, 2014...
September 4, 2017: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872942/compensating-human-subjects-providing-oocytes-for-stem-cell-research-9-year-experience-and-outcomes
#16
L Zakarin Safier, A Gumer, M Kline, D Egli, M V Sauer
PURPOSE: Human oocytes are arguably one of the most important cell types in humans, yet they are one of the least investigated cells. Because oocytes are limited in number, the use of high-quality oocytes is almost entirely in reproduction. Furthermore, regulatory hurdles for research on gametes and regulations on funding related to research on gametes present significant obstacles to research and the advancement of reproductive treatments. Here we report the outcomes of the largest compensated oocyte donation program for research in the USA to date, and probably worldwide...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869498/flexible-conductive-composite-integrated-with-personal-earphone-for-wireless-real-time-monitoring-of-electrophysiological-signs
#17
Joong Hoon Lee, Ji-Young Hwang, Jia Zhu, Ha Ryeon Hwang, Seung Min Lee, Huanyu Cheng, Sang-Hoon Lee, SukWon Hwang
We introduce optimized elastomeric conductive electrodes using a mixture of silver nanowires (AgNWs) with carbon nanotubes/polydimethylsiloxane (CNTs/PDMS), to build a multifunctional, portable earphone type of wearable system that is designed to enable recording electrophysiological activities as well as listening music at the same time. A custom-built, plastic frame integrated with soft, deformable fabric-based memory foam of earmuffs facilitates essential electronic components, such as conductive elastomers, metal strips, signal transducers and a speaker...
June 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861880/evaluating-temperature-changes-of-brain-tissue-due-to-induced-heating-of-cell-phone-waves
#18
Farhad Forouharmajd, Siamak Pourabdian, Hossein Ebrahimi
Background: Worries have recently been increased in the absorption of radiofrequency waves and their destructing effects on human health by increasing use of cell phones (mobile phones). This study performed to determine the thermal changes due to mobile phone radio frequency waves in gray and white brain tissue. Methods: This study is an empirical study, where the thermal changes of electromagnetic waves resulted from cell phones (900 MHZ, specific absorption rate for head 1...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861660/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-to-promote-medication-adherence-and-disease-management-in-people-with-thalassemia
#19
Sherif M Badawy, Kerry Morrone, Alexis Thompson, Tonya M Palermo
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To identify and assess the effects of computer and mobile technology interventions designed to facilitate medication adherence and disease management in individuals with thalassemia, including: evaluating the effects of using computer and mobile technology interventions for medication adherence and disease management on health and behavioural outcomes;identifying and assessing the effects of computer and mobile technology interventions specific to different age groups (children, adolescents and adults) and type of modality (e...
December 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860165/discrimination-and-classification-among-common-items-of-evidence-using-particle-combination-profiles
#20
David A Stoney, Cedric Neumann, Paul L Stoney
This project used established analytical tools and statistical methods to determine the evidential value of very small particle (VSP) profiles found on handguns, cell phones, drug packaging, and ski masks. Sampling protocols were designed, tested and used to sample VSP from evidence items from a single county-level crime laboratory: 30 handguns, 31 cell phones, 36 drug packaging specimens and 32 ski masks. Specimens were prepared for analysis employing established protocols for semi-automated scanning electron microscopy with elemental characterization by energy dispersive x-ray analysis (SEM/EDS)...
May 22, 2018: Forensic Science International
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