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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223795/good-distractions-testing-the-effects-of-listening-to-an-audiobook-on-driving-performance-in-simple-and-complex-road-environments
#1
Robert J Nowosielski, Lana M Trick, Ryan Toxopeus
Distracted driving (driving while performing a secondary task) causes many collisions. Most research on distracted driving has focused on operating a cell-phone, but distracted driving can include eating while driving, conversing with passengers or listening to music or audiobooks. Although the research has focused on the deleterious effects of distraction, there may be situations where distraction improves driving performance. Fatigue and boredom are also associated with collision risk and it is possible that secondary tasks can help alleviate the effects of fatigue and boredom...
December 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217849/life-time-dosimetric-assessment-for-mice-and-rats-exposed-in-reverberation-chambers-of-the-2-year-ntp-cancer-bioassay-study-on-cell-phone-radiation
#2
Yijian Gong, Myles Capstick, Sven Kuehn, Perry Wilson, John Ladbury, Galen Koepke, David L McCormick, Ronald L Melnick, Niels Kuster
In this paper, we present the detailed life-time dosimetry analysis for rodents exposed in the reverberation exposure system designed for the two-year cancer bioassay study conducted by the National Toxicology Program of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The study required the well-controlled and characterized exposure of individually housed, unrestrained mice at 1900 MHz and rats at 900 MHz, frequencies chosen to give best uniformity exposure of organs and tissues. The wbSAR, the peak spatial SAR and the organ specific SAR as well as the uncertainty and variation due to the exposure environment, differences in the growth rates, and animal posture were assessed...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216724/inhibition-by-egb761-of-the-effect-of-cellphone-radiation-on-the-male-reproductive-system
#3
F Gevrek, D Aydin, S Ozsoy, H Aygun, C Bicer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of Egb761 on testicular tissues and semen parameters in rats exposed to cellphone waves. BACKGROUND: EGb761 has antioxidant properties as a free-radical scavenger. Cellphone electromagnetic radiation (EMR) induces oxidative stress in cells. METHODS: Twenty-one Wistar albino male adult rats were divided into three groups (control, experimental, treatment), including seven rats in each. The experimental and treatment groups were exposed to cellphone EMR (0...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214241/text-messaging-may-engage-and-benefit-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regardless-of-health-literacy-status
#4
Erin M Bergner, Lyndsay A Nelson, Russell L Rothman, Lindsay Mayberry
Background: Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to improve diabetes self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, patients who do not engage with interventions may not reap benefits, and there is little evidence on how engagement with mobile health interventions varies by health literacy status. Objective: This study explored how patients with limited health literacy engaged with and experienced Rapid Education/Encouragement and Communications for Health (REACH), a text messaging intervention designed to support the self-care adherence of disadvantaged patients with T2D...
October 2017: Health Literacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214197/genotoxicity-assessment-data-for-exfoliated-buccal-cells-exposed-to-mobile-phone-radiation
#5
F M de Oliveira, A M Carmona, C Ladeira
Healthy mobile phone users aged 18-30 y.o. provided exfoliated buccal cells samples from the right and left inner cheeks. A total of 2000 cells per subject were screened for the presence of micronuclei as a sign of genotoxic damage, according to the mobile phone use profile of each user.
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203014/teens-distracted-driving-behavior-prevalence-and-predictors
#6
Pnina Gershon, Chunming Zhu, Sheila G Klauer, Tom Dingus, Bruce Simons-Morton
INTRODUCTION: Teen drivers' over-involvement in crashes has been attributed to a variety of factors, including distracted driving. With the rapid development of in-vehicle systems and portable electronic devices, the burden associated with distracted driving is expected to increase. The current study identifies predictors of secondary task engagement among teenage drivers and provides basis for interventions to reduce distracted driving behavior. We described the prevalence of secondary tasks by type and driving conditions and evaluated the associations between the prevalence of secondary task engagement, driving conditions, and selected psychosocial factors...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203013/examining-drivers-eye-glance-patterns-during-distracted-driving-insights-from-scanning-randomness-and-glance-transition-matrix
#7
Yuan Wang, Shan Bao, Wenjun Du, Zhirui Ye, James R Sayer
INTRODUCTION: Visual attention to the driving environment is of great importance for road safety. Eye glance behavior has been used as an indicator of distracted driving. This study examined and quantified drivers' glance patterns and features during distracted driving. METHOD: Data from an existing naturalistic driving study were used. Entropy rate was calculated and used to assess the randomness associated with drivers' scanning patterns. A glance-transition proportion matrix was defined to quantity visual search patterns transitioning among four main eye glance locations while driving (i...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199630/adherence-to-self-monitoring-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-through-mobile-phone-based-ecological-momentary-assessments-and-photographic-food-records-over-6-months-in-mostly-ethnic-minority-mothers
#8
W Scott Comulada, Dallas Swendeman, Maryann K Koussa, Deborah Mindry, Melissa Medich, Deborah Estrin, Neil Mercer, Nithya Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: Mobile phones can replace traditional self-monitoring tools through cell phone-based ecological momentary assessment (CEMA) of lifestyle behaviours and camera phone-based images of meals, i.e. photographic food records (PFR). Adherence to mobile self-monitoring needs to be evaluated in real-world treatment settings. Towards this goal, we examine CEMA and PFR adherence to the use of a mobile app designed to help mothers self-monitor lifestyle behaviours and stress. Design/Setting In 2012, forty-two mothers recorded CEMA of diet quality, exercise, sleep, stress and mood four times daily and PFR during meals over 6 months in Los Angeles, California, USA...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198122/iron-deposition-in-rabbit-cerebellum-after-exposure-to-generated-and-mobile-gsm-electromagnetic-fields
#9
M Kopani, B Filova, P Sevcik, D Kosnac, J Misek, S Polak, M Kohan, J Major, M Zdimalova, J Jakus
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone application may cause structural, functional changes and accumulation of toxic elements in brain. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate iron accumulation in rabbit cerebellum after exposure to RF EMF with light and scanning electron microscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Histochemical analysis of iron distribution by light and electron microscopy with energy-dispersive microanalysis was used. RESULTS: Light microscopy revealed dystrophic changes of Purkinje cells in irradiated groups and iron deposits located in various parts of cerebellum...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192465/quand-l-autorit%C3%A3-du-cadre-formateur-et-la-relation-p%C3%A3-dagogique-ont-%C3%A3-composer-avec-la-pr%C3%A3-sence-des-t%C3%A3-l%C3%A3-phones-portables-en-cours
#10
Céline Trophardy
In nursing institut teachers accompany students with whom they establish a pedagogical relationship, while guaranteeing compliance with internal rules, particularly concerning the banning of mobile phones during teaching. This complex double mission includes, among others, the forbidding of cell phones in classroom. OBJECTIVE: this study aims at understanding the involved relational mechanism through the following question: how teachers articulate pedagogical relationship with their required authority at the same time? METHODOLOGY: qualitative study performed between 2015 and 2016 using semi structured interviews interviews of teachers and students of the nursing school...
November 21, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187674/nitrative-dna-damage-in-cultured-macrophages-exposed-to-indium-oxide
#11
Tahmina Afroz, Yusuke Hiraku, Ning Ma, Sharif Ahmed, Shinji Oikawa, Shosuke Kawanishi, Mariko Murata
OBJECTIVES: Indium compounds are used in manufacturing displays of mobile phones and televisions. However, these materials cause interstitial pneumonia in exposed workers. Animal experiments demonstrated that indium compounds caused lung cancer. Chronic inflammation is considered to play a role in lung carcinogenesis and fibrosis induced by particulate matters. 8-Nitroguanine (8-nitroG) is a mutagenic DNA lesion formed during inflammation and may participate in carcinogenesis. To clarify the mechanism of carcinogenesis, we examined 8-nitroG formation in indium-exposed cultured cells...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185783/comparison-of-recidivism-rates-for-a-teenage-trauma-prevention-program-after-the-addition-of-high-fidelity-patient-simulation
#12
Marjorie Lee White, J Lynn Zinkan, Geni Smith, Dawn Taylor Peterson, Amber Q Youngblood, Ashley Dodd, Walter Parker, Samuel Strachan, Peter Sloane, Nancy Tofil
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated benefits of adding high-fidelity simulation to a teenage trauma prevention program to decrease recidivism rates and encourage teens to discuss actionable steps towards safe driving. METHODS: A simulated pediatric trauma scenario was integrated into an established trauma prevention program. Participants were recruited because they were court-ordered to attend this program after misdemeanor convictions for moving violations. The teenage participants viewed this simulation from the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) handoff to complete trauma care...
November 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184898/potential-benefits-of-using-ecological-momentary-assessment-to-study-high-risk-polydrug-use
#13
Alexis M Roth, Marisa Felsher, Megan Reed, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
Background: While studies have documented both the feasibility and acceptability of using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to study drug use, there is little empirical research assessing participants' perceptions of utilizing this technology-driven approach. Methods: Participants were English-speaking persons ≥18 years old who reported injection drug use and sequential (e.g., alcohol followed by opioid use) or simultaneous (i.e., injecting heroin and cocaine in one shot) polydrug use within 30 days recruited in San Diego, CA and Philadelphia, PA...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184193/proof-of-concept-for-a-passive-sampler-for-monitoring-of-gaseous-elemental-mercury-in-artisanal-gold-mining
#14
Elias de Barros Santos, Paleah Moher, Stacy Ferlin, Anne Hélène Fostier, Italo Odone Mazali, Kevin Telmer, Alexandre Guimarães Brolo
Mercury emissions from artisanal gold mining operations occurring in roughly 80 developing countries are a major workplace health hazard for millions of people as well as the largest contributor to global mercury pollution. There are no portable, cheap, and rapid methods able to inform workers or health practitioners of mercury exposure on site in remote locations. In this work, a proof of concept for a miniaturized mercury sampler, prepared by the direct reduction of gold into the porous nanostructures of Vycor glass (PVG), is introduced...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177777/comparative-bioleaching-of-metals-from-pulverized-and-non-pulverized-pcbs-of-cell-phone-charger-advantages-of-non-pulverized-pcbs
#15
Vyenkatesh Joshi, Neha Shah, Prashant Wakte, Prashant Dhakephalkar, Anita Dhakephalkar, Rahul Khobragade, Bhushan Naphade, Sajid Shaikh, Arvind Deshmukh, Nitin Adhapure
Sample inhomogeneity is a severe issue in printed circuit boards especially when we are comparing the bioleaching efficiency. To avoid the ambiguous results obtained due to inhomogeneity in PCBs, 12 similar cell phone chargers (of renowned company) having same make and batch number were collected from scrap market. PCBs obtained from them were used in present studies. Out of these 12, three PCBs were used separately for chemical analysis of PCBs with prior acid digestion in aqua regia. It was found that, 10...
November 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177176/the-belief-and-attitude-of-the-drivers-toward-the-usage-of-cellphone-while-driving-a-population-based-survey
#16
Batoul Sedaghati Shokri, Seyed Rasoul Davoodi, Majid Azimmohseni, Gholamreza Khoshfar
Objective: To presents a survey investigating differences between drivers' beliefs regarding utilizing cellphone when driving. Methods: In this population-based survey, the participants who were studied in the North of Iran, Gorgan, were categorized as main urban and rural areas. A sample of 400 drivers, 92 women and 308 men, filled out the four sections questionnaire which was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used for measuring the differences between the drivers' opinions (attitudinal beliefs, normative beliefs, and perceived control behavioral beliefs) about utilizing a cell phone when driving along with their age and driving purpose...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172038/musculoskeletal-pain-and-musculoskeletal-syndromes-in-adolescents-are-related-to-electronic-devices
#17
Lígia Bruni Queiroz, Benito Lourenço, Luiz Eduardo Vargas Silva, Daniela Mencaroni Rodrigues Lourenço, Clovis Artur Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate television and simultaneous electronic devices use in adolescents with musculoskeletal pain and musculoskeletal pain syndromes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 299 healthy adolescents of a private school. All students completed a self-administered questionnaire, including: demographic data, physical activities, musculoskeletal pain symptoms, and use of simultaneous television/electronic devices (computer, internet, electronic games, and cell phones)...
November 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171193/returning-hiv-1-viral-load-results-to-participant-selected-health-facilities-in-national-population-based-hiv-impact-assessment-phia-household-surveys-in-three-sub-saharan-african-countries-2015-to-2016
#18
Suzue Saito, Yen T Duong, Melissa Metz, Kiwon Lee, Hetal Patel, Katrina Sleeman, Julius Manjengwa, Francis M Ogollah, Webster Kasongo, Rick Mitchell, Owen Mugurungi, Frank Chimbwandira, Crispin Moyo, Vusumuzi Maliwa, Helecks Mtengo, Tepa Nkumbula, Clement B Ndongmo, Nora Skutayi Vere, Geoffrey Chipungu, Bharat S Parekh, Jessica Justman, Andrew C Voetsch
INTRODUCTION: Logistical complexities of returning laboratory test results to participants have precluded most population-based HIV surveys conducted in sub-Saharan Africa from doing so. For HIV positive participants, this presents a missed opportunity for engagement into clinical care and improvement in health outcomes. The Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA) surveys, which measure HIV incidence and the prevalence of viral load (VL) suppression in selected African countries, are returning VL results to health facilities specified by each HIV positive participant within eight weeks of collection...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166827/exposure-to-835-mhz-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-induces-autophagy-in-hippocampus-but-not-in-brain-stem-of-mice
#19
Ju Hwan Kim, Da-Hyeon Yu, Hyo-Jeong Kim, Yang Hoon Huh, Seong-Wan Cho, Jin-Koo Lee, Hyung-Gun Kim, Hak Rim Kim
The exploding popularity of mobile phones and their close proximity to the brain when in use has raised public concern regarding possible adverse effects from exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) on the central nervous system. Numerous studies have suggested that RF-EMF emitted by mobile phones can influence neuronal functions in the brain. Currently, there is still very limited information on what biological mechanisms influence neuronal cells of the brain. In the present study, we explored whether autophagy is triggered in the hippocampus or brain stem after RF-EMF exposure...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159018/the-relationship-between-type-of-telephone-service-and-smoking-cessation-among-rural-smokers-enrolled-in-quitline-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#20
Julianna M Nemeth, Sarah Cooper, Amy Wermert, Abigail Shoben, Mary Ellen Wewers
Quitlines are successful tools for smoking cessation, but no known study has examined whether type of phone service (cell phone only (CPO) vs. landline (LL)) impacts quitline utilization, quit attempts, and sustained cessation. This report details an observational study examining the association between phone service and quitline utilization and cessation among Ohio Appalachian adults willing to quit smoking and enrolled in a cessation trial from 2010 to 2014. A secondary analysis was conducted with data obtained from smokers enrolled in the Ohio Tobacco Quitline arm of a group randomized trial (n = 345)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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