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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525349/distracted-driving-on-youtube-implications-for-adolescents
#1
Corey H Basch, Christina Mouser, Ashley Clark
For the first time in 50 years, traffic fatalities have increased in the United States (US). With the emergence of technology, comes the possibility, that distracted driving has contributed to a decrease in safe driving practices. The purpose of this study was to describe the content on the popular video sharing site, YouTube to ascertain the type of content conveyed in videos that are widely viewed. The 100 most widely viewed English language videos were included in this sample, with a collective number of views of over 35 million...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508813/web-and-mobile-based-hiv-prevention-and-intervention-programs-pros-and-cons-a-review
#2
Sharareh Niakan, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Tayebeh Noori, Elahe Gozali
BACKGROUND: With the increasing growth of HIV positive people the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) can play an important role in controlling the spread of the AIDS. Web and Mobile are the new technologies that young people take advantage from them. OBJECTIVES: In this study a review to investigate the web and mobile based HIV prevention and intervention programs was carried out. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted including PubMed, Science direct, Web of Science and Proquest to find relevant sources that published in 2009 to 2016...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503100/age-and-gender-considerations-for-technology-assisted-delivery-of-therapy-for-substance-use-disorder-treatment-a-patient-survey-of-access-to-electronic-devices
#3
Denis Antoine, Sean Heffernan, Amina Chaudhry, Van King, Eric C Strain
BACKGROUND: Technology-assisted treatment (TAT) can be an effective supplement to established face-to-face therapy modalities with a growing literature in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. TAT access, interest, and familiarity are potential limitations to the use and efficacy of these approaches to treatment. METHODS: 174 participants in outpatient SUD treatment were administered a survey regarding technology device and Internet access, and interest in engaging in TAT SUD counseling (SUDC)...
December 2016: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499425/hand-held-cell-phone-use-while-driving-legislation-and-observed-driver-behavior-among-population-sub-groups-in-the-united-states
#4
Toni M Rudisill, Motao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Cell phone use behaviors are known to vary across demographic sub-groups and geographic locations. This study examined whether universal hand-held calling while driving bans were associated with lower road-side observed hand-held cell phone conversations across drivers of different ages (16-24, 25-59, ≥60 years), sexes, races (White, African American, or other), ruralities (suburban, rural, or urban), and regions (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West). METHODS: Data from the 2008-2013 National Occupant Protection Use Survey were merged with states' cell phone use while driving legislation...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498191/impact-of-facility-based-mother-support-groups-on-retention-in-care-and-pmtct-outcomes-in-rural-zimbabwe-the-epaz-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Geoff Foster, Joanna Orne-Gliemann, Hélène Font, Abigail Kangwende, Vhumani Magezi, Tonderai Sengai, Simba Rusakaniko, Bridget Shumba, Pemberai Zambezi, Talent Maphosa
BACKGROUND: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission elimination goals are hampered by low rates of retention in care. The Eliminating Paediatric AIDS in Zimbabwe project assessed whether mother support groups (MSGs) improve rates of retention in care of HIV-exposed infants and their HIV-positive mothers, and maternal and infant outcomes. METHODS: The study involved 27 rural clinics in eastern Zimbabwe. MSGs were established in 14 randomly selected clinics and met every 2 weeks coordinated by volunteer HIV-positive mothers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497310/use-of-cell-phones-and-brain-tumors-a-true-association
#6
EDITORIAL
Ettore Beghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493939/inhibition-of-nitric-oxide-production-reverses-diabetes-induced-kupffer-cell-activation-and-klebsiella-pneumonia-liver-translocation
#7
Shu-Han Lin, Pei-Hsuan Chung, Ying-Ying Wu, Chang-Phone Fung, Ching-Mei Hsu, Lee-Wei Chen
Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is the most common pathogen of pyogenic liver abscess in East and Southeast Asia and diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor. The effect and mechanism of diabetes on KP liver abscess was examined in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and Akita mice (C57BL/6J-Ins2Akita). KP translocation to liver and plasma alaine transaminase levels were increased and liver clearance of KP was decreased in DM mice. Diabetic mice exhibited overgrowth of Enterococcus as well as E.coli and decreased lactobacilli/bifidas growth in intestine, increased intestinal iNOS protein and nitrite levels in portal vein, and increased IL-1β and TNF-α expression of Kupffer cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490964/effect-of-long-term-exposure-of-mice-to-900%C3%A2-mhz-gsm-radiation-on-experimental-cutaneous-candidiasis
#8
Mansour Bayat, Shaghayegh Hemati, Rasoul Soleimani-Estyar, Ariyo Shahin-Jafari
Mobile phones communicate with base stations using 900 MHz microwaves. The current study was aimed to survey the effects of long-term 900 MHz microwave exposure of mice on experimentally induced cutaneous candidiasis. Forty inbred, male, BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups. Cutaneous lesions with Candida albicans were experimentally induced on the lateral-back skin of the 20 mice. One group of the diseased mice were exposed (6 h per day and 7 d per week) to 900 MHz microwave radiation, while the other groups were not exposed...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490961/radiofrequency-radiations-induced-genotoxic-and-carcinogenic-effects-on-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l-root-tip-cells
#9
Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Sajjad Ahmed Memon, Abdul Rasool Abassi, Mahboob Ali Sial, Farooque Ali Bughio
Present study was under taken to predict the possible DNA damages (genotoxicity) and carcinogenicity caused by radiofrequency radiations (RF) to living tissue. Dry seeds of chickpea were treated with GSM cell phone (900 MHz) and laptop (3.31 GHz) as RF source for 24 and 48 h. Untreated seeds were used as (0 h) negative control and Gamma rays (250 Gray) as positive control. Plant chromosomal aberration assay was used as genotoxicity marker. All the treatment of RF inhibits seed germination percentage. 48 h laptop treatment has the most negative effect as compared to untreated control...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489813/implementing-a-novel-model-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-in-the-emergency-department-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-taiwan
#10
Tzu-Chieh Weng, Ya-Chun Yang, Ping-Jen Chen, Wen-Fu Kuo, Wei-Lin Wang, Ya-Ting Ke, Chien-Chin Hsu, Kao-Chang Lin, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
Hospice and palliative care has been recognized as an essential part of emergency medicine; however, there is no consensus on the optimal model for the delivery of hospice and palliative care in the emergency department (ED). Therefore, we conducted a novel implementation in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. In the preintervention period, we recruited a specialist for hospice and palliative medicine in the ED to lead our intervention. In the early stage of the intervention, starting on July 1, 2014, we encouraged and funded ED physicians and nurses to receive training for hospice and palliative medicine and residents of emergency medicine to rotate to the hospice ward...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474726/stable-ultra-fast-broad-bandwidth-photodetectors-based-on-%C3%AE-cspbi3-perovskite-and-nayf4-yb-er-quantum-dots
#11
Xisheng Zhang, Qian Wang, Zhiwen Jin, Jingru Zhang, Shengzhong Frank Liu
Photodetectors (PDs), especially those that respond in the infrared region, are highly desirable and have a wide range of applications ranging from cell phones, cameras, and home electronics to airplanes and satellites. Herein, we designed and fabricated PDs based on air-stable α-CsPbI3 QDs and an up-conversion material (NaYF4:Yb,Er QDs) using a facial low temperature spin-coating method. When the α-CsPbI3 QDs are surface-modified using NaYF4:Yb,Er QDs, their optical response is extended to the NIR region to allow broadband application from the UV to visible to NIR region (260 nm-1100 nm)...
May 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454858/the-relationship-between-cell-phone-use-and-management-of-driver-fatigue-it-s-complicated
#12
Dyani Juanita Saxby, Gerald Matthews, Catherine Neubauer
INTRODUCTION: Voice communication may enhance performance during monotonous, potentially fatiguing driving conditions (Atchley & Chan, 2011); however, it is unclear whether safety benefits of conversation are outweighed by costs. The present study tested whether personalized conversations intended to simulate hands-free cell phone conversation may counter objective and subjective fatigue effects elicited by vehicle automation. METHOD: A passive fatigue state (Desmond & Hancock, 2001), characterized by disengagement from the task, was induced using full vehicle automation prior to drivers resuming full control over the driving simulator...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452479/a-brick-mass-spectrometer-driven-by-a-sinusoidal-frequency-scanning-technique
#13
Ting Jiang, Hongjia Zhang, Yang Tang, Yanbing Zhai, Wei Xu, Hualei Xu, Xinying Zhao, Dayu Li, Wei Xu
In this work, a "brick" size miniature mass spectrometer (28 cm × 21 cm × 16 cm) was developed and characterized, which was enabled by the development of a new frequency scanning technique. Different from the conventional voltage scanning method or the digital waveforms used on a digital ion trap, a sinusoidal frequency scanning technique was developed to drive the linear ion trap of the brick mass spectrometer (BMS). Both an in-vacuum plasma ionization source and an electrospray ionization source were coupled with this BMS for the analyses of volatile and nonvolatile samples...
April 28, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451581/effect-of-exposure-to-900-mhz-gsm-mobile-phone-radiofrequency-radiation-on-estrogen-receptor-methylation-status-in-colon-cells-of-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#14
P Mokarram, M Sheikhi, S M J Mortazavi, S Saeb, N Shokrpour
BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, the rapidly increasing use of mobile phones has raised global concerns about the biological effects of exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation. Numerous studies have shown that exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can be associated with effects on the nervous, endocrine, immune, cardiovascular, hematopoietic and ocular systems. In spite of genetic diversity, the onset and progression of cancer can be controlled by epigenetic mechanisms such as gene promoter methylation...
March 2017: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449765/cell-phone-use-may-increase-the-risk-of-developing-parotid-gland-tumors
#15
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442456/the-malaria-system-microapp-a-new-mobile-device-based-tool-for-malaria-diagnosis
#16
Allisson Dantas Oliveira, Clara Prats, Mateu Espasa, Francesc Zarzuela Serrat, Cristina Montañola Sales, Aroa Silgado, Daniel Lopez Codina, Mercia Eliane Arruda, Jordi Gomez I Prat, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a public health problem that affects remote areas worldwide. Climate change has contributed to the problem by allowing for the survival of Anopheles in previously uninhabited areas. As such, several groups have made developing news systems for the automated diagnosis of malaria a priority. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a new, automated, mobile device-based diagnostic system for malaria. The system uses Giemsa-stained peripheral blood samples combined with light microscopy to identify the Plasmodium falciparum species in the ring stage of development...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439207/incidence-and-perception-of-nursing-students-academic-incivility-in-oman
#17
Jansi Natarajan, Joshua Kanaabi Muliira, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437756/local-dynamic-stability-and-gait-variability-during-attentional-tasks-in-young-adults
#18
Rina Márcia Magnani, Georgia Cristina Lehnen, Fábio Barbosa Rodrigues, Gustavo Souto de Sá E Souza, Adriano de Oliveira Andrade, Marcus Fraga Vieira
Cell phone use while walking may be a cognitive distraction and reduce visual and motor attention. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the effects of attentional dual-tasks while using a cell phone in different conditions. Stability, regularity, and linear variability of trunk kinematics, and gait spatiotemporal parameters in young adults were measured. Twenty young subjects of both genders were asked to walk on a treadmill for 4min under the following conditions: (a) looking forward at a fixed target 2...
April 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431264/intercomparison-of-methods-to-estimate-black-carbon-emissions-from-cookstoves
#19
Candela de la Sota, Moustapha Kane, Javier Mazorra, Julio Lumbreras, Issakha Youm, Mar Viana
Black carbon is the second largest contributor to climate change and also poses risks to human health. Despite the need for black carbon (BC) emissions estimates from residential biomass burning for cooking, quantitative data are still scarce. This scarcity is mainly due to the scattered location of the stoves, as well as relatively costly and complex analytical methods available. Two low cost and easy-to-use optical methods, a cell-phone based system and smoke stain reflectometry, where compared to elemental carbon (EC) concentrations by the Sunset OCEC Analyzer (TOT)...
October 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425691/health-implications-of-new-age-technologies
#20
Zaid Bilgrami, Laura McLaughlin, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
New age technologies are ubiquitous in the lives of adolescents. Recent trends in media use suggest that adolescents are spending more time than ever engaging with technologies, and are able to do so in virtually all settings at any time. Given that new age technologies are so heavily integrated within the daily life of adolescents, the health risks and benefits they offer must be closely examined. In this systematic review, we present recent literature related to the implications of new age technologies on adolescent health...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
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