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Christina Voukia, Ismini Voutsina, Fotini Venetsanou, Antonis Kambas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to examine the physical activity (PA) of young children and their parents on weekdays and at the weekend, as well as possible associations between them. METHODS: Fifty-eight children (29 boys), aged 5-8 years (mean age = 6.53 years) and the parent who spent more time with them (25 fathers, 33 mothers, mean age 40.67 years) wore Omron HJ-720IT pedometers for seven consecutive days. Two ANOVAs for repeated measures were applied to examine PA differences between genders and week phases (weekdays vs...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Oľga Šušoliaková, Jindra Šmejkalová, Marie Bičíková, Lenka Hodačová, Andrea Málková, Zdeněk Fiala
OBJECTIVE: Early morning shifts have a negative effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the extent of occupational stress in early shift workers of the car industry by using salivary cortisol as an objective marker during a workday and on a day off. METHODS: For this cross-sectional epidemiological type of study, a survey included 55 suitable volunteers from the car industry. Five saliva samples were collected according to the following schedule: during one work day in the morning, during the morning shift from 6 a...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Stine Hangaard, Henrik Gudbergsen, Cecilie L Daugaard, Henning Bliddal, Janus Damm Nybing, Miika T Nieminen, Victor Casula, Carl-Johan Tiderius, Mikael Boesen
BACKGROUND: Early cartilage changes in knee osteoarthritis (OA) can be assessed by both intravenous (i.v.) and intra-articular (i.a.) delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC). PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between i.a. dGEMRIC and delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of menisci (dGEMRIM), and to investigate if the approach can be used to assess the morphological degeneration of menisci in obese patients with knee OA. STUDY TYPE: Cross-sectional...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Fengxian Wang, Chen Chu, Cheng Zhao, Yu Wei, Qinglei Zhang, Qianqian Feng, Weibo Chen, Jian He, Lingyun Sun, Zhengyang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is limited in providing sufficient information on microstructure or in quantitatively evaluating certain inflammation processes. Functional MR sequences such as diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) might help to evaluate the sacroiliac joint in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. PURPOSE: To explore the application of DKI in evaluating the disease activity of AS. STUDY TYPE: Prospective...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
József Lehel, András Bartha, Dávid Dankó, Katalin Lányi, Péter Laczay
Heavy-metal content (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury) was investigated and evaluated in shellfish, oysters and squids. The samples were collected weekly for 20 weeks from a fishery product market in Hungary. The concentration of heavy metals was measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) analysis after sample preparation. The results were analysed statistically by one-way ANOVA method. The average concentration of arsenic (3.01 ± 1.46 mg kg-1 ) in shellfish was significantly higher (p < 0...
August 13, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Caragh Walpole, Alison McGrane, Hashemeya Al-Mousawi, Desmond Winter, Alan Baird, Gavin Stewart
The symbiotic relationship between humans and their intestinal microbiome is supported by urea nitrogen salvaging. Previous studies have shown that colonic UT-B urea transporters play a significant role in this important physiological process. This current study investigated UT-A and UT-B urea transporter expression along the human gastrointestinal tract. Initial end-point PCR experiments determined that UT-A RNA was predominantly expressed in the small intestine, while UT-B RNA was expressed in stomach, small intestine, and colon...
August 2018: Physiological Reports
Oluwaseun J Adeyemi, Segun I Popoola, Aderemi A Atayero, David G Afolayan, Mobolaji Ariyo, Emmanuel Adetiba
In this data article, a robust data exploration is performed on daily Internet data traffic generated in a smart university campus for a period of twelve consecutive (12) months (January-December, 2017). For each day of the one-year study period, Internet data download traffic and Internet data upload traffic at Covenant University, Nigeria were monitored and properly logged using required application software namely: FreeRADIUS; Radius Manager Web application; and Mikrotik Hotspot Manager. A comprehensive dataset with detailed information is provided as supplementary material to this data article for easy research utility and validation...
October 2018: Data in Brief
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Fatemeh Salari Esker, D G E Robertson
Gait asymmetry is defined as a loss of perfect agreement between the dominant and non-dominant lower limbs. Conflicting results from gait asymmetry studies may be due to different definitions of asymmetry, different research methods, and/or different variables and formulas used for asymmetry calculation. As a result, this makes it difficult to compare joint asymmetry values between studies. An accurate and precise understanding of asymmetry during human walking is an important step towards developing enhanced rehabilitation protocols for pathological gait...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Ana Christina Certain Curi, Alex Souto Maior Alves, Julio Guilherme Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare blood pressure (BP) behavior and heart rate variability (HRV) among hypertensive stage I and normotensive individuals who were submitted to the cranial technique of the 4th ventricle compression (CV4), an osteopathic technique. METHODS: In this experimental controlled study, thirty men between 40 and 60 years old were evaluated and divided into two groups: normotensive (NT) and hypertensive (HT). The CV4 maneuver was applied in both groups and BP was measured at 5 (five) different stages: pre and post-intervention, 5, 10 and 15min after technique...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Ramya V Rao, Ganesh Balthillaya, Anupama Prabhu, Asha Kamath
BACKGROUND: Maitland Mobilization or Mulligan Mobilization with Movement (MWM) approaches have been widely used clinically for pain relief and improving mobility in Osteoarthritis knee. However the experimental evidence supporting the usage of these mobilization techniques as sole interventions in management of Osteoarthritis knee is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To determine from Maitland Mobilization and Mulligan MWM, which mobilization technique will be more effective in reducing pain and improving mobility and function in OA knee immediately after the intervention...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Asghar Rezasoltani, Anneli Peolsson, Masumeh Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the dimensions of cervical multifidus muscle (CMM) in different conditions. METHODS: Twenty five women with neck pain and 25 healthy subjects participated in this study. The dimensions of the CMM were measured at rest, 50% and 100% maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC) at six directions of neck movements, using ultrasonography. RESULTS: The size of multifidus was smaller in patients than healthy individuals at rest state (P < 0...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Jaqueline Garcia-Silva, Nuria N Navarrete, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, Antonio García-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel Ferrer-González, Vicente E Caballo
OBJECTIVE: Verify the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTION: In the Multimodal Intervention Program for Patients with Metabolic Syndrome clinical trial, 79 MetS patients completed the intervention. Of those, 48 belonged to the experimental group and 31 to the control group. The intervention received by the experimental group was CBT; the control group followed usual care and attended a workshop on healthy lifestyle...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Michelle Pavlick, Cynthia Rl Webster, Dominique G Penninck
Objectives Liver biopsy is necessary for a diagnosis of liver disease; however, post-biopsy bleeding is a concern. The aim of this study was to describe the extent of bleeding and the occurrence of complications after percutaneous ultrasound-guided liver biopsy (PUGLB) in cats. Methods The medical records of 30 cats that had a PUGLB were retrospectively reviewed. Using human guidelines, bleeding was classified as minor or major when the absolute change in packed cell volume (ΔPCV) was >0 and <-6% or ≥-6%, respectively...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Yichen Jin, Allison C Sylvetsky, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) has increased in the US and is associated with cardiometabolic risk. No data exist on LCS consumption in South Asians. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of LCS use across socio-demographic characteristics, chronic disease status, and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study ( N = 892; 47% women; mean age = 55 (standard deviation = 9...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition and Health
James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity. DESIGN: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. After assessment of change scores using repeated-measures ANOVA, mediation and moderation analyses assessed effects of changes in self-regulatory skill usage on changes in physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake through self-efficacy changes...
August 11, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
A Mahdee, J Eastham, J M Whitworth, J I Gillespie
AIM: To examine rat molar pulp innervation and identify complex cellular signalling systems involving nerve growth factor (NGF) and its p75 receptors (NGFR) at different stages of development, maturation and ageing. METHODOLOGY: Decalcified mandibular first molar mesial cusps from Wistar rats of ages 0 day; 2,3,4,6,9,12, and 24 weeks (n=5 per group) were sectioned (10 μm) and incubated with antibodies for NGF, NGFR, calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) and neurofilament...
August 12, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
A T Chow, S Y Quah, G Bergenholtz, K C Lim, V S H Yu, K S Tan
AIM: To determine if bacteria associated with persistent apical periodontitis induce species-specific pro-inflammatory cytokine responses in macrophages, and the effects of this species-specific microenvironment on osteogenic differentiation. METHODOLOGY: Macrophages were exposed to Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus oralis, S. mitis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Treponema denticola or Tannerella forsythia, and levels of TNF-α and IL-1β elicited were determined by immunoassay...
August 12, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Maria Cristina Carvalho de Almendra Freitas, Larissa Vasconcellos Nunes, Lívia Picchi Comar, Daniela Rios, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Heitor Marques Honório, Linda Wang
OBJECTIVES: A resin infiltrant was employed for the treatment of active white spot lesions due to its ability to penetrate into the enamel pores and prevent the progression of the lesion. However, limited information is available about its mechanical effect on different artificial enamel lesions as well as on its resistance to further demineralization. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Icon® infiltrant on different artificial caries-like enamel lesions and its resistance to new acid challenges...
August 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Zakari Ali, Abdul-Razak Abizari
BACKGROUND: Ramadan is a monthlong fast for healthy adolescents and adult Muslims. The quality of foods eaten and eating patterns in Ramadan may be different from other months of the year. Food intake of adolescents is a concern as energy and nutrient requirements are higher and needed to support the growth spurt of this stage. The objective of the present study was to describe the food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight changes among adolescents during Ramadan. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design with four measurement points (baseline, midline, endline and post endline) was conducted among 366 adolescents in Junior High Schools...
August 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Liana Shvachiy, Vera Geraldes, Ângela Amaro-Leal, Isabel Rocha
BACKGROUND: Exposures to lead (Pb) during developmental phases can alter the normal course of development, with lifelong health consequences. Permanent Pb exposure leads to behavioral changes, cognitive impairment, sympathoexcitation, tachycardia, hypertension and autonomic dysfunction. However, the effects of an intermittent lead exposure are not yet studied. This pattern of exposure has been recently increasing due to migrations, implementation of school exchange programs and/or residential changes...
August 8, 2018: Neurotoxicology
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