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Psychosocial and pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554033/undergraduate-nursing-students-knowledge-about-palliative-care-and-attitudes-towards-end-of-life-care-a-three-cohort-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Maria Dimoula, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Maria Christou, Stavroula Sgourou, Elisabeth Patiraki
BACKGROUND: Ensuring adequate knowledge about palliative care and positive attitudes towards death and dying are crucial educational aspects when preparing undergraduate nursing students to respond effectively to the complexities of care for people affected by a progressive, life-limiting illness. In undergraduate nursing education in Greece, the level of students' attained knowledge and developed attitudes towards palliative and end-of-life care remain unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate undergraduate nursing students' knowledge about palliative care and attitudes towards death and end-of-life care, and explore demographic and academic factors as potential moderators of student knowledge and attitudes...
December 7, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552013/patient-and-provider-characteristics-associated-with-communication-about-opioids-an-observational-study
#2
Cleveland G Shields, Lindsay N Fuzzell, Sharon L Christ, Marianne S Matthias
OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine the relationship of patient and provider characteristics and communication with chronic non-cancer pain and opioid management in primary care. METHOD: We conducted an observational study using audio-recorded primary care appointments (up to 3/patient) and self-reported assessments of primary care providers (PCPs) and patients. We coded visit transcripts for 1) opioid and pain management talk and 2) mental health and opioid safety talk...
December 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547806/disease-burden-and-social-impact-of-pediatric-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-from-the-patient-and-family-perspective
#3
Melissa Oliver, Tzielan C Lee, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Elizabeth Murray, Rebecca Schwartz, Yongdong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that if left untreated can result in bone destruction and severe continuing pain due to persistent inflammation. The impact this chronic disease has on the daily lives of affected children and their families is not well known. The purpose of this study is to understand the disease burden and socioeconomic and psychological impact of CNO from the patients' and families' perspectives and identify areas of improvement for patient care and reduced disease burden based on patients' and families' responses...
December 14, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544137/does-social-exclusion-alter-sensory-and-pain-thresholds-in-children-and-adolescents-with-functional-abdominal-pain-results-from-a-preliminary-study
#4
Marco Daniel Gulewitsch, Aiste Jusyte, Katja Weimer, Michael Schönenberg
Objective: Functional abdominal pain (AP) is a prevalent issue in childhood and adolescence. The contribution of psychosocial factors in the development and maintenance of this health problem is rather unclear, and experimental studies about underlying mechanisms are lacking. This study investigates whether experimentally induced social exclusion decreases sensory and pain thresholds in children suffering from AP. Subjects: Twenty children/adolescents with AP and 22 healthy controls...
December 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537124/psychosocial-interventions-for-pain-management-in-older-adults-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Lihui Pu, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Michael Todorovic
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on pain in older adults living with dementia. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, ProQuest, EBSCO (CINAHL and MEDLINE), PubMed, OVID (PsycINFO), Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched from their inception up to 2 May 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Risk of bias assessment and meta-analysis were conducted according to the Cochrane methods using RevMan 5...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529696/differential-predictors-of-pain-severity-over-12-months-following-non-catastrophic-injury-sustained-in-a-road-traffic-crash
#6
Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Annette Kifley, Michael Nicholas, Fiona Blyth, Justin Kenardy, Ashley Craig, Ian D Cameron
There is paucity of prospective studies that have examined rates and prognostic indicators of pain severity following a road-traffic crash injury. This cohort study involved 1854 participants aged ≥17 years with a non-catastrophic injury. Primary analyses of pain severity involved 1604 individuals who reported any pain since the injury at baseline, of these, 1188 and 972 participants were re-examined at 6- and 12-month follow-up, respectively. Mean pain severity (primary study outcome) was assessed using a numeric rating scale (NRS), and a range of possible pain predictors were assessed...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528225/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-start-back-tool-for-arabic-speaking-adults-with-low-back-pain-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Lina Elsabbagh, Tasneem Al-Atwi, Dhai Aldossary, Ali M Alshami, Jonathan C Hill, Wahiba Abu-Ras, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Tool (Subgrouping for Targeted Treatment; SBT) was developed and validated in the United Kingdom for adults with non-specific low back pain (LBP) to provide risk stratification groups. An Arabic version has not yet been developed. Consequently, our objectives were: First, to cross-culturally adapt the SBT for use in Arabic speaking adults (SBT-Ar) with LBP. Second, to assess the face, content and construct validity of SBT-Ar against relevant reference standards...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30527971/aapt-diagnostic-criteria-for-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-focal-and-segmental-disorders
#8
Roy Freeman, Robert Edwards, Ralf Baron, Stephen Bruehl, Giorgio Cruccu, Robert H Dworkin, Simon Haroutounian
Peripheral neuropathic pain is among the most prevalent types of neuropathic pain. No comprehensive peripheral neuropathic pain classification system that incorporates contemporary clinical, diagnostic, biological, and psychological information exists. To address this need, this article covers the taxonomy for 4 focal or segmental peripheral neuropathic pain disorders, as part of the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership and the American Pain Society (APS) collaborative to develop a standardized, evidence-based taxonomy initiative: the ACTTION-APS Pain Taxonomy (AAPT)...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526122/menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire-factor-and-rasch-analytic-approach
#9
T Gazibara, N Kovacevic, S Nurkovic, I Kurtagic, S Radovanovic, B Rancic, M Terzic, J Dotlic
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Menopause-specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) in Serbian climacteric women. METHODS: Two hundred mid-aged (40-65 years) women filled out a general sociodemographic and medical questionnaire, the MENQOL, the Short Form-36 questionnaire (SF-36), and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). The MENQOL was translated according to recommended methodology and its psychometric properties (internal consistency, discriminant, construct and criterion validity, factor and Rasch analyses) were assessed...
December 11, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30524733/the-association-between-long-working-hours-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-of-korean-wage-workers-data-from-the-fourth-korean-working-conditions-survey-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jae-Gwang Lee, Guang Hwi Kim, Sung Won Jung, Sang Woo Kim, June-Hee Lee, Kyung-Jae Lee
Background: It has been reported that long working hours are hazardous to the workers' health. Especially, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) have been considered as one of the significant health issues in workplace. The objective of this study was to identify the association between long working hours and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. Methods: The analysis was conducted using data from the Fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). Subjects of this study were 24,783 wage workers and divided into three groups according to the weekly working hours, which were ≤ 40, 41-52 and > 52 h...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516661/how-common-is-back-pain-and-what-biopsychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-back-pain-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#11
Arnold Y L Wong, Dino Samartzis, Prudence W H Cheung, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spine deformity in adolescent patients. Although structural deformity may affect spinal biomechanics of patients with AIS, little is known regarding various period prevalence proportions of back pain and chronic back pain and factors associated with back pain in such patients. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the period prevalence rates of back pain among teenagers with AIS? (2) Is back pain in patients with AIS associated with curve severity? METHODS: A total of 987 patients with AIS who were treated without surgery were recruited from a single center's scoliosis clinic...
November 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514446/health-outcomes-reported-by-dental-patients
#12
Mike T John
To assess the impact of care on patients, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are essential because they characterize patients' suffering. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are the instruments to assess PROs. Any report of the patient's oral health condition that comes directly from the patient is a dental patient-reported outcome (dPRO). Similar to oral health being a component of health in general, dPROs are a part of PROs. dPROs target four major areas of patients' suffering because dental patients typically seek care to improve oral function and orofacial appearance as well as to decrease pain and psychosocial impact related to oral conditions...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514287/characteristics-course-and-outcome-of-patients-receiving-physiotherapy-in-primary-health-care-in-norway-design-of-a-longitudinal-observational-project
#13
Kari Anne I Evensen, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Ingebrigt Meisingset, Astrid Woodhouse, Marit Thielemann, Wenche S Bjorbækmo, Gard Myhre, Anne E Hansen, Ottar Vasseljen, Nina K Vøllestad
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists (PTs) in primary health care manage patients with large variation in medical diagnosis, age, functional status, disability and prognosis. Lack of knowledge and systematically collected data from patients treated by PTs in primary health care has prompted this longitudinal observational physiotherapy project. This paper aims to describe a method for developing a database of patients managed by PTs in primary health care, with the main purpose to study patients' characteristics, treatment courses and prognostic factors for favourable outcome...
December 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513713/homeless-in-scotland-an-oral-health-and-psychosocial-needs-assessment
#14
Laura Beaton, Emma Coles, Ruth Freeman
The aim of this research was to conduct an oral health and psychosocial needs assessment of a homeless population in Scotland to determine the levels of unmet need and provide recommendations for oral health improvement. A non-probability convenience sample of homeless people residing in seven Scottish Health Boards was collected. All consenting participants were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing their health and psychosocial needs, dental anxiety, and oral health-related quality of life. The participants' oral health was examined by a trained and calibrated dentist and dental nurse...
December 1, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511254/early-quality-of-life-and-psychological-predictors-of-disease-free-time-and-survival-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#15
Ulla-Sisko Lehto, Markku Ojanen, Anna Väkevä, Tadeusz Dyba, Arpo Aromaa, Pirkko Kellokumpu-Lehtinen
PURPOSE: The constructs evaluated in investigating association between psychosocial factors and cancer survival has varied between studies, and factors related to quality of life (QOL) have shown contradictory results. We investigated the effect of socioeconomic and early QOL and psychological factors on disease-free time and survival in localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A consecutive sample of patients with localized prostate cancer (T1-3, N0, M0) treated with external beam radiotherapy completed validated questionnaires on coping with cancer (the Ways of Coping Questionnaire WOC-CA), anger expression (the Anger Expression Scale), life events (the Life Experience Survey), and various aspects of QOL (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist, the Depression Scale DEPS, the EORTC QLQ-C30, the LENT-SOMA outcome measure) approximately 4...
December 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507272/are-walking-treatment-beliefs-and-illness-perceptions-associated-with-walking-intention-and-6-minute-walk-distance-in-people-with-intermittent-claudication-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Melissa N Galea Holmes, John A Weinman, Lindsay M Bearne
Intermittent claudication (IC) is debilitating leg pain affecting older people with peripheral arterial disease, which is improved by regular walking. This study evaluated associations between psychosocial variables and 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) to identify factors that motivate walking. 142 Individuals with IC (116 males, mean 66.9y [SD=10.2]) completed cross-sectional assessments of sociodemographics, walking treatment beliefs and intention (Theory of Planned Behaviour [TPB]), illness perceptions (Revised Illness Perceptions Questionnaire), and 6MWD...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30506023/development-of-a-clinical-risk-score-for-pain-and-function-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-results-from-the-trio-study
#17
Joanna Shim, David J Mclernon, David Hamilton, Hamish A Simpson, Marcus Beasley, Gary J Macfarlane
Objectives: The aim was to develop and validate a simple clinical prediction model, based on easily collected preoperative information, to identify patients at high risk of pain and functional disability 6 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a multicentre cohort study of patients from nine centres across the UK, who were undergoing a primary TKA for OA. Information on sociodemographic, psychosocial, clinical and quality-of-life measures were collected at recruitment...
2018: Rheumatology advances in practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499834/predictors-of-palliative-care-knowledge-among-nursing-students-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ahmad E Aboshaiqah
BACKGROUND: Societal aging, a concern in many countries worldwide, is increasing the demand for quality palliative care in Saudi Arabia. Nursing education is responsible for providing nursing students with high levels of knowledge and competency related to palliative care. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of palliative care knowledge among nursing students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A convenience sample of 409 nursing students from one public academic institution and one private academic institution in Saudi Arabia was surveyed from November to December 2017 in this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499359/the-clinical-application-of-pain-neuroscience-graded-motor-imagery-and-graded-activity-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Mark Shepherd, Adriaan Louw, Jessie Podolak
BACKGROUND: Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a condition that physical therapists may encounter in an outpatient orthopedic setting. In physical therapy (PT) treatment of CRPS addresses pain and the changes observed in the brain through the use of graded motor imagery (GMI). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old female presented to an outpatient PT clinic with CRPS type 1. Complicating psychosocial factors such as kinesiophobia and catastrophization were present...
November 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498976/factors-related-to-alexithymia-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-tight-relationship-with-facial-image-dissatisfaction
#20
Fabio Basta, Domenico Paolo Emanuele Margiotta, Carmen Mazzuca, Veronica Batani, Giulio Dolcini, Patrizio Moras, Marta Vadacca, Antonella Afeltra
To assess clinical and psychosocial factors related to alexithymia in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We enrolled 40 consecutive SSc patients in a cross-sectional study evaluating alexithymia with Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS-20). We measured Beck Depression inventory (BDI), Hamilton Anxiety rating scale (HAM-H), 36-Items Short-Form Healthy Survey (SF-36), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP), and Mouth Handicap in Systemic Sclerosis (MHISS)...
November 29, 2018: Rheumatology International
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