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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514811/regulated-proteolysis-of-p62-sqstm1-enables-differential-control-of-autophagy-and-nutrient-sensing
#1
Julia Sanchez-Garrido, Vanessa Sancho-Shimizu, Avinash R Shenoy
The multidomain scaffold protein p62 (also called sequestosome-1) is involved in autophagy, antimicrobial immunity, and oncogenesis. Mutations in SQSTM1 , which encodes p62, are linked to hereditary inflammatory conditions such as Paget's disease of the bone, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles. Here, we report that p62 was proteolytically trimmed by the protease caspase-8 into a stable protein, which we called p62TRM We found that p62TRM , but not full-length p62, was involved in nutrient sensing and homeostasis through the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)...
December 4, 2018: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509042/persistent-attenuation-of-brain-oxidative-stress-through-aging-in-perinatal-maternal-separated-rat-pups-supplemented-with-choline-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-or-clitoria-ternatea-aqueous-root-extract
#2
Prathibha Maria D Almeida, Shobha Ullas Kamath, Pooja R Shenoy, Liegelin Kavitha Bernhardt, Anoop Kishore, Kiranmai Sesappa Rai
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal maternal separation stress (PMSS) induces brain lipid peroxidation and reduction in endogenous antioxidants. The present study was designed to assess the brain oxidative stress (MDA) and protein thiol levels through various stages of aging in PMSS rat pups supplemented with choline with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or Clitoria ternatea (Linn) aqueous root extract (CTR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study groups, control, PMSS, PMSS + choline with DHA, PMSS + CTR (n = 6/group) were included in the study...
2018: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499850/outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-mild-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-insights-from-the-lung-safe-study
#3
Tài Pham, Ary Serpa Neto, Paolo Pelosi, John Gerard Laffey, Candelaria De Haro, Jose Angel Lorente, Giacomo Bellani, Eddy Fan, Laurent Jean Brochard, Antonio Pesenti, Marcus Josephus Schultz, Antonio Artigas, Andres Esteban, Luciano Gattinoni, Frank van Haren, Anders Larsson, Daniel F McAuley, Marco Ranieri, Gordon Rubenfeld, B Taylor Thompson, Hermann Wrigge, Arthur S Slutsky, Fernando Rios, Frank Van Haren, Thierry Sottiaux, Pieter Depuydt, Fredy S Lora, Luciano Cesar Azevedo, Guillermo Bugedo, Haibo Qiu, Marcos Gonzalez, Juan Silesky, Vladimir Cerny, Jonas Nielsen, Manuel Jibaja, Hermann Wrigge, Dimitrios Matamis, Jorge Luis Ranero, Pravin Amin, S M Hashemian, Kevin Clarkson, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi, Asisclo Villagomez, Amine Ali Zeggwagh, Leo M Heunks, Jon Henrik Laake, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Antero do Vale Fernandes, Dorel Sandesc, Yaasen Arabi, Vesna Bumbasierevic, Nicolas Nin, Anders Larsson, Lise Piquilloud, Fekri Abroug, Daniel F McAuley, Lia McNamee, Javier Hurtado, Ed Bajwa, Gabriel Démpaire, Hektor Sula, Lordian Nunci, Alma Cani, Alan Zazu, Christian Dellera, Carolina S Insaurralde, Risso V Alejandro, Julio Daldin, Mauricio Vinzio, Ruben O Fernandez, Luis P Cardonnet, Lisandro R Bettini, Mariano Carboni Bisso, Emilio M Osman, Mariano G Setten, Pablo Lovazzano, Javier Alvarez, Veronica Villar, Norberto C Pozo, Nicolas Grubissich, Gustavo A Plotnikow, Daniela N Vasquez, Santiago Ilutovich, Norberto Tiribelli, Ariel Chena, Carlos A Pellegrini, María G Saenz, Elisa Estenssoro, Matias Brizuela, Hernan Gianinetto, Pablo E Gomez, Valeria I Cerrato, Marco G Bezzi, Silvina A Borello, Flavia A Loiacono, Adriana M Fernandez, Serena Knowles, Claire Reynolds, Deborah M Inskip, Jennene J Miller, Jing Kong, Christina Whitehead, Shailesh Bihari, Aylin Seven, Amanda Krstevski, Helen J Rodgers, Rebecca T Millar, Toni E Mckenna, Irene M Bailey, Gabrielle C Hanlon, Anders Aneman, Joan M Lynch, Raman Azad, John Neal, Paul W Woods, Brigit L Roberts, Mark R Kol, Helen S Wong, Katharina C Riss, Thomas Staudinger, Xavier Wittebole, Caroline Berghe, Pierre A Bulpa, Alain M Dive, Rik Verstraete, Herve Lebbinck, Pieter Depuydt, Joris Vermassen, Philippe Meersseman, Helga Ceunen, Jonas I Rosa, Daniel O Beraldo, Claudio Piras, Adenilton M Rampinelli, Antonio P Nassar, Sergio Mataloun, Marcelo Moock, Marlus M Thompson, Claudio H Gonçalves, Ana Carolina P Antônio, Aline Ascoli, Rodrigo S Biondi, Danielle C Fontenele, Danielle Nobrega, Vanessa M Sales, Ahmad Yazid Bin Hj Abul Wahab, Maizatul Ismail, Suresh Shindhe, Francois Beloncle, Kyle G Davies, Rob Cirone, Venika Manoharan, Mehvish Ismail, Ewan C Goligher, Mandeep Jassal, Erin Nishikawa, Areej Javeed, Gerard Curley, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Matteo Parotto, Niall D Ferguson, Sangeeta Mehta, Jenny Knoll, Antoine Pronovost, Sergio Canestrini, Alejandro R Bruhn, Patricio H Garcia, Felipe A Aliaga, Pamela A Farías, Jacob S Yumha, Claudia A Ortiz, Javier E Salas, Alejandro A Saez, Luis D Vega, Eduardo F Labarca, Felipe T Martinez, Nicolás G Carreño, Pilar Lora, Haitao Liu, Haibo Qiu, Ling Liu, Rui/ Tang, Xiaoming Luo, Youzhong An, Huiying Zhao, Yan Gao, Zhe Zhai, Zheng L Ye, Wei Wang, Wenwen Li, Qingdong Li, Ruiqiang Zheng, Wenkui Yu, Juanhong Shen, Xinyu Li, Tao Yu, Weihua Lu, Ya Q Wu, Xiao B Huang, Zhenyang He, Yuanhua Lu, Hui Han, Fan Zhang, Renhua Sun, Hua X Wang, Shu H Qin, Bao H Zhu, Jun Zhao, Jian Liu, Bin Li, Jing L Liu, Fa C Zhou, Qiong J Li, Xing Y Zhang, Zhou Li-Xin, Qiang Xin-Hua, Liangyan Jiang, Yuan N Gao, Xian Y Zhao, Yuan Y Li, Xiao L Li, Chunting Wang, Qingchun Yao, Rongguo Yu, Kai Chen, Huanzhang Shao, Bingyu Qin, Qing Q Huang, Wei H Zhu, Ai Y Hang, Ma X Hua, Yimin Li, Yonghao Xu, Yu D Di, Long L Ling, Tie H Qin, Shou H Wang, Junping Qin, Yi Han, Suming Zhou, Monica P Vargas, Juan I Silesky Jimenez, Manuel A González Rojas, Jaime E Solis-Quesada, Christian M Ramirez-Alfaro, Jan Máca, Peter Sklienka, Jakob Gjedsted, Aage Christiansen, Jonas Nielsen, Boris G Villamagua, Miguel Llano, Philippe Burtin, Gautier Buzancais, Pascal Beuret, Nicolas Pelletier, Satar Mortaza, Alain Mercat, Jonathan Chelly, Sébastien Jochmans, Nicolas Terzi, Cédric Daubin, Guillaume Carteaux, Nicolas de Prost, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Fabrice Daviaud, Muriel Fartoukh, Guillaume Barberet, Jerome Biehler, Jean Dellamonica, Denis Doyen, Jean-Michel Arnal, Anais Briquet, Sami Hraiech, Laurent Papazian, Arnaud Follin, Damien Roux, Jonathan Messika, Evangelos Kalaitzis, Laurence Dangers, Alain Combes, Siu-Ming Au, Gaetan Béduneau, Dorothée Carpentier, Elie H Zogheib, Herve Dupont, Sylvie Ricome, Francesco L Santoli, Sebastien L Besset, Philippe Michel, Bruno Gelée, Pierre-Eric Danin, Bernard Goubaux, Philippe J Crova, Nga T Phan, Frantz Berkelmans, Julio C Badie, Romain Tapponnier, Josette Gally, Samy Khebbeb, Jean-Etienne Herbrecht, Francis Schneider, Pierre-Louis M Declercq, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Jacques Duranteau, Anatole Harrois, Russell Chabanne, Julien Marin, Charlene Bigot, Sandrine Thibault, Mohammed Ghazi, Messabi Boukhazna, Salem Ould Zein, Jack R Richecoeur, Daniele M Combaux, Fabien Grelon, Charlene Le Moal, Elise P Sauvadet, Adrien Robine, Virginie Lemiale, Danielle Reuter, Martin Dres, Alexandre Demoule, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Loredana Baboi, Claude Guérin, Ralph Lohner, Jens Kraßler, Susanne Schäfer, Kai D Zacharowski, Patrick Meybohm, Andreas W Reske, Philipp Simon, Hans-Bernd F Hopf, Michael Schuetz, Thomas Baltus, Metaxia N Papanikolaou, Theonymfi G Papavasilopoulou, Giannis A Zacharas, Vasilis Ourailogloy, Eleni K Mouloudi, Eleni V Massa, Eva O Nagy, Electra E Stamou, Ellada V Kiourtzieva, Marina A Oikonomou, Luis E Avila, Cesar A Cortez, Johanna E Citalán, Sameer A Jog, Safal D Sable, Bhagyesh Shah, Mohan Gurjar, Arvind K Baronia, Mohammedfaruk Memon, Radhakrishnan Muthuchellappan, Venkatapura J Ramesh, Anitha Shenoy, Ramesh Unnikrishnan, Subhal B Dixit, Rachana V Rhayakar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Vallish K Bhardwaj, Heera L Mahto, Sudha V Sagar, Vijayanand Palaniswamy, Deeban Ganesan, Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian, Hamidreza Jamaati, Farshad Heidari, Edel A Meaney, Alistair Nichol, Karl M Knapman, Donall O'Croinin, Eimhin S Dunne, Dorothy M Breen, Kevin P Clarkson, Rola F Jaafar, Rory Dwyer, Fahd Amir, Olaitan O Ajetunmobi, Aogan C O'Muircheartaigh, Colin S Black, Nuala Treanor, Daniel V Collins, Wahid Altaf, Gianluca Zani, Maurizio Fusari, Savino Spadaro, Carlo A Volta, Romano Graziani, Barbara Brunettini, Salvatore Palmese, Paolo Formenti, Michele Umbrello, Andrea Lombardo, Elisabetta Pecci, Marco Botteri, Monica Savioli, Alessandro Protti, Alessia Mattei, Lorenzo Schiavoni, Andrea Tinnirello, Manuel Todeschini, Antonino Giarratano, Andrea Cortegiani, Sara Sher, Anna Rossi, Massimo M Antonelli, Luca M Montini, Paolo Casalena, Sergio Scafetti, Giovanna Panarello, Giovanna Occhipinti, Nicolò Patroniti, Matteo Pozzi, Roberto R Biscione, Michela M Poli, Ferdinando Raimondi, Daniela Albiero, Giulia Crapelli, Eduardo Beck, Vincenzo Pota, Vincenzo Schiavone, Alexandre Molin, Fabio Tarantino, Giacomo Monti, Elena Frati, Lucia Mirabella, Gilda Cinnella, Tommaso Fossali, Riccardo Colombo, Pierpaolo Terragni Ilaria Pattarino, Francesco Mojoli, Antonio Braschi, Erika E Borotto, Andrea N Cracchiolo, Daniela M Palma, Francesco Raponi, Giuseppe Foti, Ettore R Vascotto, Andrea Coppadoro, Luca Brazzi, Leda Floris, Giorgio A Iotti, Aaron Venti, Osamu Yamaguchi, Shunsuke Takagi, Hiroki N Maeyama, Eizo Watanabe, Yoshihiro Yamaji, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Kyoko Shiozaki, Satoru Futami, Sekine Ryosuke, Koji Saito, Yoshinobu Kameyama, Keiko Ueno, Masayo Izawa, Nao Okuda, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tomofumi Harasawa, Michitaka Nasu, Tadaaki Takada, Fumihito Ito, Shin Nunomiya, Kansuke Koyama, Toshikazu Abe, Kohkichi Andoh, Kohei Kusumoto, Akira Hirata, Akihiro Takaba, Hiroyasu Kimura, Shuhei Matsumoto, Ushio Higashijima, Hiroyuki Honda, Nobumasa Aoki, Hiroshi Imai, Yasuaki Ogino, Ichiko Mizuguchi, Kazuya Ichikado, Kenichi Nitta, Katsunori Mochizuki, Tomoaki Hashida, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Daisuke Niimi, Takeshi Ueda, Yozo Kashiwa, Akinori Uchiyama, Olegs Sabelnikovs, Peteris Oss, Youssef Haddad, Kong Y Liew, Silvio A Ñamendys-Silva, Yves D Jarquin-Badiola, Luis A Sanchez-Hurtado, Saira S Gomez-Flores, Maria C Marin, Asisclo J Villagomez, Jordana S Lemus, Jonathan M Fierro, Mavy Ramirez Cervantes, Francisco Javier Flores Mejia, Dulce Dector, Alejandro Rojas, Daniel R Gonzalez, Claudia R Estrella, Jorge R Sanchez-Medina, Alvaro Ramirez-Gutierrez, Fernando G George, Janet S Aguirre, Juan A Buensuseso, Manuel Poblano, Tarek Dendane, Amine Ali Zeggwagh, Hicham Balkhi, Mina Elkhayari, Nacer Samkaoui, Hanane Ezzouine, Abdellatif Benslama, Mourad Amor, Wajdi Maazouzi, Nedim Cimic, Oliver Beck, Monique M Bruns, Jeroen A Schouten, Myra Rinia, Monique Raaijmakers, Leo M Heunks, Hellen M Van Wezel, Serge J Heines, Ulrich Strauch, Marc P Buise, Fabienne D Simonis, Jennifer C Goodson, Troy S Browne, Leanlove Navarra, Anna Hunt, Robyn A Hutchison, Mathew B Bailey, Lynette Newby, Colin McArthur, Michael Kalkoff, Alex Mcleod, Jonathan Casement, Danielle J Hacking, Finn H Andersen, Merete S Dolva, Jon H Laake, Andreas Barratt-Due, Kim Andre L Noremark, Eldar Søreide, Brit Å Sjøbø, Anne B Guttormsen, Hector H Leon Yoshido, Ronald Zumaran Aguilar, Fredy A Montes Oscanoa, Alain U Alisasis, Joanne B Robles, Rossini Abbie B Pasanting-Lim, Beatriz C Tan, Pawel Andruszkiewicz, Karina Jakubowska, Cristina M Coxo, António M Alvarez, Bruno S Oliveira, Gustavo M Montanha, Nelson C Barros, Carlos S Pereira, António M Messias, Jorge M Monteiro, Ana M Araujo, Nuno T Catorze, Susan M Marum, Maria J Bouw, Rui M Gomes, Vania A Brito, Silvia Castro, Joana M Estilita, Filipa M Barros, Isabel M Serra, Aurelia M Martinho, Dana R Tomescu, Alexandra Marcu, Ovidiu H Bedreag, Marius Papurica, Dan E Corneci, Silvius Ioan Negoita, Evgeny Grigoriev, Alexey I Gritsan, Andrey A Gazenkampf, Ghaleb Almekhlafi, Mohamad M Albarrak, Ghanem M Mustafa, Khalid A Maghrabi, Nawal Salahuddin, Tharwat M Aisa, Ahmed S Al Jabbary, Edgardo Tabhan, Yaseen M Arabi, Yaseen M Arabi, Olivia A Trinidad, Hasan M Al Dorzi, Edgardo E Tabhan, Stefan Bolon, Oliver Smith, Jordi Mancebo, Hernan Aguirre-Bermeo, Juan C Lopez-Delgado, Francisco Esteve, Gemma Rialp, Catalina Forteza, Guillermo M Albaiceta, Sara De Cima-Iglesias, Leticia Seoane-Quiroga, Alexandra Ceniceros-Barros, Antonio L Ruiz-Aguilar, Luis M Claraco-Vega, Juan Alfonso Soler, Maria Del Carmen Lorente, Cecilia Hermosa, Federico Gordo, Miryam Prieto-González, Juan B López-Messa, Manuel P Perez, Cesar P Perez, Raquel Montoiro Allue, Ferran Roche-Campo, Marcos Ibañez-Santacruz, Susana Temprano, Maria C Pintado, Raul De Pablo, Pilar Ricart Aroa Gómez, Silvia Rodriguez Ruiz, Silvia Iglesias Moles, Alfons Arizmendi, Enrique A Piacentini, Nieves Franco, Teresa Honrubia, Meisy Perez Cheng, Elena Perez Losada, Javier Blanco, Luis J Yuste, Cecilia Carbayo-Gorriz, Francisca G Cazorla-Barranquero, Javier G Alonso, Rosa S Alda, Ángela Algaba, Gonzalo Navarro, Enrique Cereijo, Esther Diaz-Rodriguez, Diego Pastor Marcos, Laura Alvarez Montero, Luis Herrera Para, Roberto Jimenez Sanchez, Miguel Angel Blasco Navalpotro, Ricardo Diaz Abad, Raquel Montiel González, Dácil Parrilla Toribio, Alejandro G Castro, Maria Jose D Artiga, Oscar Penuelas, Tomas P Roser, Moreno F Olga, Elena Gallego Curto, Rocío Manzano Sánchez, Vallverdu P Imma, Garcia M Elisabet, Laura Claverias, Monica Magret, Ana M Pellicer, Lucia L Rodriguez, Jesús Sánchez-Ballesteros, Ángela González-Salamanca, Antonio G Jimenez, Francisco P Huerta, Juan Carlos J Sotillo Diaz, Esther Bermejo Lopez, David D Llinares Moya, Alec A Tallet Alfonso, Palazon Sanchez Eugenio Luis, Palazon Sanchez Cesar, Sánchez I Rafael, Corcoles G Virgilio, Noelia N Recio, Richard O Adamsson, Christian C Rylander, Bernhard Holzgraefe, Lars M Broman, Joanna Wessbergh, Linnea Persson, Fredrik Schiöler, Hans Kedelv, Anna Oscarsson Tibblin, Henrik Appelberg, Lars Hedlund, Johan Helleberg, Karin E Eriksson, Rita Glietsch, Niklas Larsson, Ingela Nygren, Silvia L Nunes, Anna-Karin Morin, Thomas Kander, Anne Adolfsson, Lise Piquilloud, Hervé O Zender, Corinne Leemann-Refondini, Souheil Elatrous, Slaheddine Bouchoucha, Imed Chouchene, Islem Ouanes, Asma Ben Souissi, Salma Kamoun, Oktay Demirkiran, Mustafa Aker, Emre Erbabacan, Ilkay Ceylan, Nermin Kelebek Girgin, Menekse Ozcelik, Necmettin Ünal, Basak Ceyda Meco, Onat O Akyol, Suleyman S Derman, Barry Kennedy, Ken Parhar, Latha Srinivasa, Lia McNamee, Danny McAuley, Phil Hopkins, Clare Mellis, Vivek Kakar, Dan Hadfield, Andre Vercueil, Kaushik Bhowmick, Sally K Humphreys, Andrew Ferguson, Raymond Mckee, Ashok S Raj, Danielle A Fawkes, Philip Watt, Linda Twohey, Rajeev R Jha, Matthew Thomas, Alex Morton, Varsha Kadaba, Mark J Smith, Anil P Hormis, Santhana G Kannan, Miriam Namih, Henrik Reschreiter, Julie Camsooksai, Alek Kumar, Szabolcs Rugonfalvi, Christopher Nutt, Orla Oneill, Colette Seasman, Ged Dempsey, Christopher J Scott, Helen E Ellis, Stuart Mckechnie, Paula J Hutton, Nora N Di Tomasso, Michela N Vitale, Ruth O Griffin, Michael N Dean, Julius H Cranshaw, Emma L Willett, Nicholas Ioannou, Sarah Gillis, Peter Csabi, Rosaleen Macfadyen, Heidi Dawson, Pieter D Preez, Alexandra J Williams, Owen Boyd, Laura Ortiz-Ruiz de Gordoa, Jon Bramall, Sophie Symmonds, Simon K Chau, Tim Wenham, Tamas Szakmany, Piroska Toth-Tarsoly, Katie H Mccalman, Peter Alexander, Lorraine Stephenson, Thomas Collyer, Rhiannon Chapman, Raphael Cooper, Russell M Allan, Malcolm Sim, David W Wrathall, Donald A Irvine, Kim S Zantua, John C Adams, Andrew J Burtenshaw, Gareth P Sellors, Ingeborg D Welters, Karen E Williams, Robert J Hessell, Matthew G Oldroyd, Ceri E Battle, Suresh Pillai, Istvan Kajtor, Mageswaran Sivashanmugavel, Sinead C Okane, Adrian Donnelly, Aniko D Frigyik, Jon P Careless, Martin M May, Richard Stewart, T John Trinder, Samantha J Hagan, Jade M Cole, Caroline C MacFie, Anna T Dowling, Javier Hurtado, Nicolás Nin, Javier Hurtado, Edgardo Nuñez, Gustavo Pittini, Ruben Rodriguez, María C Imperio, Cristina Santos, Ana G França, Alejandro Ebeid, Alberto Deicas, Carolina Serra, Aditya Uppalapati, Ghassan Kamel, Valerie M Banner-Goodspeed, Jeremy R Beitler, Satyanarayana Reddy Mukkera, Shreedhar Kulkarni, Jarone Lee, Tomaz Mesar, John O Shinn, Dina Gomaa, Christopher Tainter, Jarone Lee, Tomaz Mesar, Jarone Lee, Dale J Yeatts, Michael J Lanspa, Russel R Miller, Colin K Grissom, Samuel M Brown, Philippe R Bauer, Ryan J Gosselin, Barrett T Kitch, Jason E Cohen, Scott H Beegle, Shazia Choudry, Renaud M Gueret, Aiman Tulaimat, William Stigler, Hitesh Batra, Nidhi G Huff, Keith D Lamb, Trevor W Oetting, Nicholas M Mohr, Claine Judy, Shigeki Saito, Fayez M Kheir, Fayez Kheir, Adam B Schlichting, Angela Delsing, Daniel R Crouch, Mary Elmasri, Daniel R Crouch, Dina Ismail, Kyle R Dreyer, Thomas C Blakeman, Dina Gomaa, Rebecca M Baron, Carolina Quintana Grijalba, Peter C Hou, Raghu Seethala, Imo Aisiku, Galen Henderson, Gyorgy Frendl, Sen-Kuang Hou, Robert L Owens, Ashley Schomer, Vesna Bumbasirevic, Bojan Jovanovic, Maja Surbatovic, Milic Veljovic
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome are often underrecognized and mistakenly considered to have low disease severity and favorable outcomes. They represent a relatively poorly characterized population that was only classified as having acute respiratory distress syndrome in the most recent definition. Our primary objective was to describe the natural course and the factors associated with worsening and mortality in this population...
November 27, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30474787/oxidative-damages-to-eye-stem-cells-in-response-to-bright-and-ultraviolet-light-their-associated-mechanisms-and-salvage-pathways
#4
REVIEW
Bipasha Bose, Abdur Rashid Najwa, Sudheer Shenoy P
The surface of the eye is continuously exposed to the harshness of the external environment. As a homeostatic mechanism for replenishing the worn off cells of the ocular surface, a balance is maintained via the role of ocular stem cells. However, under extreme conditions of harshness like exposure to bright and ultraviolet light, the ocular stem cells are unable to do the repair mechanisms resulting in severe impairment of vision and disturbances in the eye. This work reappraises the recent understandings of mechanisms of oxidative damages caused to the ocular stem cells by UV/bright light and their probable mitigation...
November 24, 2018: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30462658/cortical-control-of-a-tablet-computer-by-people-with-paralysis
#5
Paul Nuyujukian, Jose Albites Sanabria, Jad Saab, Chethan Pandarinath, Beata Jarosiewicz, Christine H Blabe, Brian Franco, Stephen T Mernoff, Emad N Eskandar, John D Simeral, Leigh R Hochberg, Krishna V Shenoy, Jaimie M Henderson
General-purpose computers have become ubiquitous and important for everyday life, but they are difficult for people with paralysis to use. Specialized software and personalized input devices can improve access, but often provide only limited functionality. In this study, three research participants with tetraplegia who had multielectrode arrays implanted in motor cortex as part of the BrainGate2 clinical trial used an intracortical brain-computer interface (iBCI) to control an unmodified commercial tablet computer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30461821/method-to-determine-the-anisotropy-parameter-g-of-a-turbid-medium
#6
Kalpak Gupta, M R Shenoy
We present a method to determine the anisotropy parameter g of a scattering liquid medium. A simple experimental setup is used to measure the scattered light from turbid samples, and a calibration curve is used to determine g. The interaction coefficient of the medium is experimentally determined, and the calibration curve is obtained through Monte Carlo simulations. The method is tested for nonabsorbing solutions of polystyrene spheres, and the simulation results are found to agree with the experiments.
September 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30450363/prolonged-monitoring-of-cerebral-blood-flow-and-autoregulation-with-diffuse-correlation-spectroscopy-in-neurocritical-care-patients
#7
Juliette Selb, Kuan-Cheng Wu, Jason Sutin, Pei-Yi Ivy Lin, Parisa Farzam, Sophia Bechek, Apeksha Shenoy, Aman B Patel, David A Boas, Maria Angela Franceschini, Eric S Rosenthal
Monitoring of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and autoregulation are essential components of neurocritical care, but continuous noninvasive methods for CBF monitoring are lacking. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) is a noninvasive diffuse optical modality that measures a CBF index ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msub> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>CBF</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>i</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:msub> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> ) in the cortex microvasculature by monitoring the rapid fluctuations of near-infrared light diffusing through moving red blood cells...
October 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449008/laparoscopic-assisted-insertion-of-a-colonic-self-expandable-metallic-stent
#8
Y M Ho, V Shenoy, J Alberts, N Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448485/heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-and-cardiac-surgery
#9
Jigna Solanki, Sundeep Shenoy, Emily Downs, Surabhi Palkimas, Svetlana Goldman, Aditya M Sharma
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), is an immune-mediated condition characterized by thrombocytopenia with possible arterial and/or venous thrombosis. The overall incidence of HIT is low but ranges from 0.1% to 5%.1,2 The incidence can be as high as 3% in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The use of unfractionated heparin is ubiquitous in patients who undergo cardiac procedures and carries a ten-fold higher incidence of HIT over low molecular weight heparin. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery thus form a unique group that warrants specific attention to this clinicopathological entity considering the relatively high incidence and associated morbidity and mortality with a delay in diagnosis...
November 15, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30446565/sialic-acid-dependent-inhibition-of-t-cells-by-exosomal-ganglioside-gd3-in-ovarian-tumor-microenvironments
#10
Gautam N Shenoy, Jenni Loyall, Charles S Berenson, Raymond J Kelleher, Vandana Iyer, Sathy V Balu-Iyer, Kunle Odunsi, Richard B Bankert
The tumor microenvironment is rendered immunosuppressive by a variety of cellular and acellular factors that represent potential cancer therapeutic targets. Although exosomes isolated from ovarian tumor ascites fluids have been previously reported to induce a rapid and reversible T cell arrest, the factors present on or within exosomes that contribute to immunosuppression have not been fully defined. In this study, we establish that GD3, a ganglioside expressed on the surface of exosomes isolated from human ovarian tumor ascites fluids, is causally linked to the functional arrest of T cells activated through their TCR...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443063/sevoflurane-versus-isoflurane-in-shoulder-arthroscopy-in-beach-chair-position-in-patients-with-prior-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-prospective-randomised-equivalency-based-haemodynamic-evaluation-trial
#11
Thrivikrama Padur Tantry, Harish Karanth, Sunil P Shenoy, Pramal K Shetty, Sudarshan Bhandary, Karunakara K Adappa
Background and Aims: There is a paucity of literature on comparative effects of different inhalational anaesthetics in beach chair position (BCP) for shoulder arthroscopy. We aimed to investigate and compare the haemodynamic effects, anaesthetic and surgical outcomes between two inhalational agents. Methods: In this randomised study, patients of age 18-60 years, were allotted to two groups (29, sevoflurane and 28, isoflurane) and received protocol-based anaesthesia...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30440555/single-neuron-firing-rate-statistics-in-motor-cortex-during-execution-and-observation-of-movement
#12
Xiyuan Jiang, Stephen I Ryu, Krishna V Shenoy, Jonathan C Kao
Mirror neurons, which fire during both the execution and observation of movement, are believed to play an important role in motor processing and learning. However, much work still remains to understand the similarities and differences in how these neurons compute in the motor cortex during movement execution and observation. Here, we performed experiments where a monkey both executes and observes a center-out-and-back task within the same experimental session. By recording from putatively the same neural population, we were able to analyze and compare single neuron statistics between movement execution and observation...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30440349/decoding-speech-from-intracortical-multielectrode-arrays-in-dorsal-arm-hand-areas-of-human-motor-cortex
#13
Sergey D Stavisky, Paymon Rezaii, Francis R Willett, Leigh R Hochberg, Krishna V Shenoy, Jaimie M Henderson
Neural prostheses are being developed to restore speech to people with neurological injury or disease. A key design consideration is where and how to access neural correlates of intended speech. Most prior work has examined cortical field potentials at a coarse resolution using electroencephalography (EEG) or medium resolution using electrocorticography (ECoG). The few studies of speech with single-neuron resolution recorded from ventral areas known to be part of the speech network. Here, we recorded from two 96- electrode arrays chronically implanted into the 'hand knob' area of motor cortex while a person with tetraplegia spoke...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430400/in-silico-studies-synthesis-and-anticancer-activity-of-novel-diphenyl-ether-based-pyridine-derivatives
#14
Ruchi Verma, Indira Bairy, Mradul Tiwari, G Varadaraj Bhat, G Gautham Shenoy
A series of novel 2-amino-4-(3-hydroxy-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-(4-substituted phenyl) nicotinonitriles were synthesized and evaluated against HepG2, A-549 and Vero cell lines. Compounds 3b (IC50 16.74 ± 0.45 µM) and 3p (IC50 10.57 ± 0.54 µM) were found to be the most active compounds against A-549 cell line among the evaluated compounds. Further 3b- and 3p-induced apoptosis was characterized by AO/EB (acridine orange/ethidium bromide) nuclear staining method and also by DNA fragmentation study. A decrease in cell viability and initiation of apoptosis was clearly evident through the morphological changes in the A-549 cells treated with 3b and 3p when stained with this method...
November 14, 2018: Molecular Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30423480/the-effect-of-aging-and-pre-donation-comorbidities-on-the-related-pbsc-donor-experience-a-report-from-the-related-donor-safety-study-rdsafe
#15
Michael A Pulsipher, Brent R Logan, Pintip Chitphakdithai, Deidre M Kiefer, Marcie L Riches, J Douglas Rizzo, Paolo Anderlini, Susan F Leitman, James W Varni, Hati Kobusingye, RaeAnne M Besser, John P Miller, Rebecca J Drexler, Aly Abdel-Mageed, Ibrahim A Ahmed, Luke P Akard, Andrew S Artz, Edward D Ball, Ruthee-Lu Bayer, Carolyn Bigelow, Brian J Bolwell, E Randolph Broun, Nancy J Bunin, David C Delgado, Katharine Duckworth, Christopher C Dvorak, Theresa E Hahn, Ann E Haight, Parameswaran N Hari, Brandon M Hayes-Lattin, David A Jacobsohn, Ann A Jakubowski, Kimberly A Kasow, Hillard M Lazarus, Jane L Liesveld, Michael Linenberger, Mark R Litzow, Walter Longo, Margarida Magalhaes-Silverman, John M McCarty, Joseph P McGuirk, Shahram Mori, Vinod K Prasad, Scott D Rowley, Witold B Rybka, Indira Sahdev, Jeffrey R Schriber, George B Selby, Paul J Shaughnessy, Shalini Shenoy, Thomas Spitzer, William T Tse, Joseph P Uberti, Madhuri Vusirikala, Edmund K Waller, Daniel J Weisdorf, Gregory A Yanik, Willis H Navarro, Mary M Horowitz, Galen E Switzer, Bronwen E Shaw, Dennis L Confer
The development of reduced intensity approaches for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation has resulted in growing numbers of older related donors (RD) of PBSC. The effects of age on donation efficacy, toxicity, and long-term recovery in RD are poorly understood. To address this we analyzed hematologic variables, pain, donation-related symptoms and recovery in 1211 related PBSC donors aged 18-79 enrolled in the Related Donor Safety Study (RDSafe). RD >60 had a lower median CD34+ level pre-apheresis compared to younger RD (age >60, 59 × 106 /L; age 41-60, 81 × 106 /L; age 18-40, 121 × 106 /L; p<0...
November 10, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412725/rigidity-controls-human-desmoplastic-matrix-anisotropy-to-enable-pancreatic-cancer-cell-spread-via-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-2
#16
R Malik, T Luong, X Cao, B Han, N Shah, J Franco-Barraza, L Han, V B Shenoy, P I Lelkes, E Cukierman
It is predicted that pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) will become the second most lethal cancer in the US by 2030. PDAC includes a fibrous-like stroma, desmoplasia, encompassing most of the tumor mass, which is produced by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and includes their cell-derived extracellular matrices (CDMs). Since elimination of desmoplasia has proven detrimental to patients, CDM reprogramming, as opposed to stromal ablation, is therapeutically desirable. Hence, efforts are being made to harness desmoplasia's anti-tumor functions...
November 7, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409717/prostate-cancer-screening-guidelines-for-african-american-veterans-a-new-perspective
#17
EDITORIAL
Arthi Reddy, Russell Roberts, Divya Shenoy, Satyaseelan Packianathan, Shankar Giri, Srinivasan Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer, other than skin cancers, in American men and the second leading cause of cancer deaths. In 2012, the US Preventative Task Force recommended against the prostate specific antigen-based screening for prostate cancer, regardless of race or age, due to overtreatment of low-risk disease and lack of impact on disease outcomes. In African-American men, however, the incidence of prostate cancer is almost 60% higher and the mortality rate is two- to three-times greater than that of Caucasian men...
November 5, 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409558/global-coronary-flow-reserve-measured-during-stress-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-an-independent-predictor-of-adverse-cardiovascular-events
#18
Raksha Indorkar, Raymond Y Kwong, Simone Romano, Brent E White, Richard C Chia, Michael Trybula, Kaleigh Evans, Chetan Shenoy, Afshin Farzaneh-Far
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of global coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease who were undergoing stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular dysfunction results in impaired global CFR and is implicated in the development of both atherosclerosis and heart failure. Although noninvasive assessment of CFR with positron emission tomography provides independent prognostic information, the incremental prognostic value of CMR-derived CFR remains unclear...
October 22, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402286/evaluation-of-potential-drug-drug-interactions-with-medications-prescribed-to-geriatric-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
Varsha Shetty, Mukta N Chowta, Nithyananda Chowta K, Ashok Shenoy, Ashwin Kamath, Priyanka Kamath
Background and Objectives: The drugs most commonly implicated in major potential interactions are those used in the day-to-day clinical management of elderly patients with chronic diseases. This study is planned to evaluate the profile of drug-drug interactions in the medications prescribed to elderly population and also to identify the possible predictors for potential drug-drug interactions in the elderly. Methods: This cross-sectional study included patients aged above 60 years with a minimum of two drugs in the prescriptions...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30398994/outcomes-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-obese-patients-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations
#20
Suman B Thapamagar, Viral Doshi, Sundeep Shenoy, Aarthi Ganesh, Shilpa Lankala
BACKGROUND: The role of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in acute asthma exacerbation is controversial. However, the outcome of NIPPV in obese patients with asthma during such exacerbation has not been well studied despite well-established relationship between obesity and asthma. STUDY QUESTION: Does body mass index (BMI) play a role in the outcome of NIPPV during an acute exacerbation and does it predict of the success or failure of NIPPV? STUDY DESIGN: The study was a retrospective analysis by design...
November 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
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