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Student grief

Monica L Miller, Casey Boyer, Mitchell R Emerson, Michael W Neville, Elizabeth T Skoy, Eleanor M Vogt, Lucio Volino, Cathy L Worrall, Kimberly L Zitko, Libby J Ross
The 2017-2018 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Student Affairs Standing Committee addressed charges related to student wellness and resilience and identified ways where AACP can assist member organizations to build positive wellbeing in students. The Committee report provides nine recommendations to AACP, three suggestions for colleges and schools of pharmacy, and one proposed policy statement related to student wellness and resilience. The report focuses on themes of consequences of burnout and declining resilience, culture shift around wellness, creating community around times of grief, partnerships with member organizations to create campus cultures that promote overall wellbeing and strategies to help students to manage stress in healthy ways...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Benjamin W Bellet, Robert A Neimeyer, Jeffrey S Berman
The centrality of a loss to a bereaved individual's identity is associated with greater symptomatology, whereas meaning made of a loss is associated with positive outcomes. This article examines meaning made as a moderator of the relationship between event centrality and symptomatology. Our sample consisted of 204 bereaved undergraduate university students. Centrality was assessed using the Centrality of Events Scale, meaning made was assessed using the Integration of Stressful Life Experiences Scale, and symptomatology was assessed using the posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist-Civilian and Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised...
November 2018: Omega
Martin Lytje
This study explores how Danish students experience returning to school following parental bereavement. Eighteen focus group interviews with 39 participants aged 9 to 17 years were conducted. All participants had experienced the loss of a primary caregiver. Data collection was divided into two phases. In Phase I, 22 participants from four grief groups were interviewed 4 times over the course of a year. During Phase II, confirmatory focus groups were undertaken with the 17 participants. This article explores findings related to the four themes of initial school response, long-term support, challenges within the class, and academic challenges...
November 2018: Omega
Nora Gross, Cassandra Lo
Prior research shows that many teachers feel ill-equipped to deal with students experiencing loss, and teachers of Black male adolescents, in particular, sometimes mistake grieving for misbehavior. This multimethod case study investigated the way teachers and their Black male students at a single-sex school related around encounters with loss. We examined students' and teachers' grief experiences through stories that were shared during qualitative interviews and focus group meetings and by observing everyday interactions throughout the school building...
September 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Katianne M Howard Sharp, Claire Russell, Madelaine Keim, Maru Barrera, Mary Jo Gilmer, Terrah Foster Akard, Bruce E Compas, Diane L Fairclough, Betty Davies, Nancy Hogan, Tammi Young-Saleme, Kathryn Vannatta, Cynthia A Gerhardt
The objective was to characterize the relation between different sources of school-based social support (friends, peers, and teachers) and bereaved siblings' grief and grief-related growth and to examine whether nonparental sources of social support buffer the effects of low parent support on bereaved siblings. Families (N = 85) were recruited from cancer registries at 3 pediatric institutions 3-12 months after a child's death. Bereaved siblings were 8-18 years old (M = 12.39, SD = 2.65) and majority female (58%) and White (74%)...
September 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
David J Schonfeld, Thomas P Demaria
School psychologists are in a unique position to both identify and work with grieving students; to provide guidance to schools, families, and peers on approaches to support such children and youth; and to offer training to classroom educators so that they are better prepared to support grieving students. Yet, there has been minimal research published on this topic in professional journals. This special section of School Psychology Quarterly is devoted to grief and loss with the hope of beginning to narrow this gap in the literature...
September 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Ji Min Cha, Ji Eun Kim, Min A Kim, Boyoung Shim, Myeong Jin Cha, Jung Jae Lee, Doug Hyun Han, Un Sun Chung
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine post-traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and complicated grief in Korean high school students who experienced a peer suicide. Methods: A total of 956 students were included in the statistical analysis. One week after a peer suicide, a school-based crisis intervention program was conducted. The cohort was followed-up at one week and five months after a peer suicide. The program consists of screening tests, educational sessions, and further interview with psychiatric specialists for the selected group...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Zaid Allie, Edith Le Roux, Khantse Mahlatsi, Boitumelo Mofokeng, Zara-Anne Ramoo, Khanyisile Sibiya, Gina Joubert, Jan P Van Rooyen, Hanneke Brits
BACKGROUND: Patient death is an event that all health care workers will face at some point. Beyond the family, the greatest emotional strain is on people who work directly with the patient and family. Bereavement overload occurs after multiple losses without time for normal grief in between. AIM: To investigate bereavement overload, its effects and related coping mechanisms of personnel working in adult medical wards. SETTING: Four adult medical wards at National District Hospital, Bloemfontein...
June 18, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Julie T Sanford
In any job setting, the sudden or expected death of a coworker can cause profound grief and loss. Moreover, in academic settings there are unique challenges that warrant further discussion. Given the aging of the nursing professoriate, the shortage of nursing faculty, and the medical advances prolonging our life expectancy, we can forecast a greater frequency of loss of faculty while employed. The impact of a faculty member death on colleagues, staff, and students can cause great distress and therefore requires careful attention and consideration for all...
May 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Andrew M Williams, Kelly W Muir
There is a severe shortage of donor corneas available worldwide for transplantation, with the number of patients in need of transplant greatly exceeding the number of cornea tissues available. Understanding awareness and attitudes about corneal donation worldwide is a critical step toward addressing this shortage. In this review, awareness of corneal donation and reported willingness to donate are summarized from 55 published studies across 13 countries. In general, many more respondents indicated positive attitudes toward eye donation and willingness to donate their eyes than the number of respondents who have pledged their eyes for donation, suggesting an unrealized potential of additional donors...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Benjamin W Bellet, Jason M Holland, Robert A Neimeyer
A mourner's success in making meaning of a loss has proven key in predicting a wide array of bereavement outcomes. However, much of this meaning-making process takes place in an interpersonal framework that is hypothesized to either aid or obstruct this process. To date, a psychometrically validated measure of the degree to which a mourner successfully makes meaning of a loss in a social context has yet to be developed. The present study examines the factor structure, reliability, and validity of a new measure called the Social Meaning in Life Events Scale (SMILES) in a sample of bereaved college students (N = 590)...
June 5, 2018: Death Studies
Christina Melin-Johansson, Jane Österlind, Carina Lundh Hagelin, Ingela Henoch, Kristina Ek, Ingrid Bergh, Maria Browall
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate nursing students encounter patients at the end of life during their clinical training. They need to confront dying and death under supportive circumstances in order to be prepared for similar situations in their future career. AIM: To explore undergraduate nursing students' descriptions of caring situations with patients at the end of life during supervised clinical training. METHODS: A qualitative study using the critical incident technique was chosen...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Ines Testoni, Lucia Ronconi, Lorenza Palazzo, Michele Galgani, Antonio Stizzi, Kate Kirk
This study describes the psychological effects of an experience of death education (DE) used to explore a case of suicide in an Italian high school. DE activities included philosophical and religious perspectives of the relationships between death and the meaning of life, a visit to a local hospice, and psychodrama activities, which culminated in the production of short movies. The intervention involved 268 high school students (138 in the experimental group). Pre-test and post-test measures assessed ontological representations of death, death anxiety, alexithymia, and meaning in life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ana Isabel López Alonso, Maria Elena Fernández Martínez, Cristina Liébana Presa, Ana Maria Vázquez Casares, Maria Paz Castro González
Objective To evaluate the effect of a games-based intervention on palliative care nursing students' scores on the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale. The challenge was to innovate and integrate grief-related theory and experiences into the classroom. Method Quasi-experimental study. Before and after the games-based intervention, 101 and 111 students completed the questionnaires, respectively. The intervention was performed in the context of a palliative care class taught during the first semester of the third year of the nursing programme...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos
There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are better served by other forms of intervention and support. We described and evaluated the sequence of steps used to screen 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 89) referred by school staff as candidates for an open trial of group-based Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents (TGCTA; Saltzman et al...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Alexandra Pitman, Adelia Khrisna Putri, Tanisha De Souza, Fiona Stevenson, Michael King, David Osborn, Nicola Morant
People bereaved by suicide are at an increased risk of suicide and of dropping out of education or work. Explanations for these associations are unclear, and more research is needed to understand how improving support in educational or work settings for people bereaved by suicide might contribute to reducing suicide risk. Our objective was to explore the impact of suicide on occupational functioning. We conducted a cross-sectional online study of bereaved adults aged 18-40, recruited from staff and students of British higher educational institutions in 2010...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Heidi A Wayment, Roxane Cohen Silver
The impact of interpersonal violence extends beyond the victims and perpetrator(s). The purpose of this research was threefold: (a) to identify whether college students' very early reactions to an on-campus shooting were associated with well-known predictors of distress, (b) to examine whether grief and distress reactions were distinguishable in the early days following a shooting, and (c) to investigate whether a compassionate self-identity was uniquely associated with grief but not distress. Beginning just 3 days after an early morning shooting that killed one student and injured three others, university students ( N = 408) completed an online questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Geoffrey F Brazda, Lillian M Range, Theodore P Remley, Carolyn C White
Counseling professionals and graduate students (N = 117) recruited online read a randomly assigned one-paragraph vignette about either a nonrational or rational suicide involving an imaginary loved one. Then, they completed the Grief Experiences Questionnaire (GEQ) about how they would feel. The nonrational suicide group expected significantly more search for explanation than the rational suicide group but was not significantly different on the other six GEQ subscales. All participants expected few distressing reactions to either vignette, suggesting a one-paragraph vignette may not be sufficient to induce the kind of grief many experience when a loved one dies by suicide...
March 15, 2018: Death Studies
So Hee Lee, Eun Ji Kim, Jin Won Noh, Jeong Ho Chae
BACKGROUND: The Sewol ferry disaster caused national shock and grief in Korea. The present study examined the prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among the surviving students 20 months after that disaster. METHODS: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional design and a sample of 57 students (29 boys and 28 girls) who survived the Sewol ferry disaster. Data were collected using a questionnaire, including instruments that assessed psychological status...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
So Hee Lee, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Jin-Won Noh, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: The Sewol ferry disaster caused shock and grief in South Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with symptoms of complicated grief (CG) among the surviving students 20 months after that disaster. METHODS: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional design and a sample of 57 students who survived the Sewol ferry disaster. Data were collected using the following instruments: Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Lifetime Incidence of Traumatic Events-Child, the Child Report of Post-Traumatic Symptoms (CROPS), KIDSCREEN-27, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales-III, the Peri-traumatic Dissociation-Post-traumatic Negative Beliefs-Post-traumatic Social Support scale, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
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