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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983694/five-months-follow-up-study-of-school-based-crisis-intervention-for-korean-high-school-students-who-experienced-a-peer-suicide
#1
Ji Min Cha, Ji Eun Kim, Min A Kim, Boyoung Shim, Myeong Jin Cha, Jung Jae Lee, Doug Hyun Han, Un Sun Chung
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine post-traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and complicated grief in Korean high school students who experienced a peer suicide. Methods: A total of 956 students were included in the statistical analysis. One week after a peer suicide, a school-based crisis intervention program was conducted. The cohort was followed-up at one week and five months after a peer suicide. The program consists of screening tests, educational sessions, and further interview with psychiatric specialists for the selected group...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943609/bereavement-overload-and-its-effects-on-and-related-coping-mechanisms-of-health-care-providers-and-ward-administrators-at-national-district-hospital-in-bloemfontein-free-state
#2
Zaid Allie, Edith Le Roux, Khantse Mahlatsi, Boitumelo Mofokeng, Zara-Anne Ramoo, Khanyisile Sibiya, Gina Joubert, Jan P Van Rooyen, Hanneke Brits
BACKGROUND: Patient death is an event that all health care workers will face at some point. Beyond the family, the greatest emotional strain is on people who work directly with the patient and family. Bereavement overload occurs after multiple losses without time for normal grief in between. AIM: To investigate bereavement overload, its effects and related coping mechanisms of personnel working in adult medical wards. SETTING: Four adult medical wards at National District Hospital, Bloemfontein...
June 18, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929793/leading-during-loss-death-of-a-beloved-faculty-member
#3
Julie T Sanford
In any job setting, the sudden or expected death of a coworker can cause profound grief and loss. Moreover, in academic settings there are unique challenges that warrant further discussion. Given the aging of the nursing professoriate, the shortage of nursing faculty, and the medical advances prolonging our life expectancy, we can forecast a greater frequency of loss of faculty while employed. The impact of a faculty member death on colleagues, staff, and students can cause great distress and therefore requires careful attention and consideration for all...
May 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922034/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-corneal-donation-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Andrew M Williams, Kelly W Muir
There is a severe shortage of donor corneas available worldwide for transplantation, with the number of patients in need of transplant greatly exceeding the number of cornea tissues available. Understanding awareness and attitudes about corneal donation worldwide is a critical step toward addressing this shortage. In this review, awareness of corneal donation and reported willingness to donate are summarized from 55 published studies across 13 countries. In general, many more respondents indicated positive attitudes toward eye donation and willingness to donate their eyes than the number of respondents who have pledged their eyes for donation, suggesting an unrealized potential of additional donors...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869953/the-social-meaning-in-life-events-scale-smiles-a-preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-in-a-bereaved-sample
#5
Benjamin W Bellet, Jason M Holland, Robert A Neimeyer
A mourner's success in making meaning of a loss has proven key in predicting a wide array of bereavement outcomes. However, much of this meaning-making process takes place in an interpersonal framework that is hypothesized to either aid or obstruct this process. To date, a psychometrically validated measure of the degree to which a mourner successfully makes meaning of a loss in a social context has yet to be developed. The present study examines the factor structure, reliability, and validity of a new measure called the Social Meaning in Life Events Scale (SMILES) in a sample of bereaved college students (N = 590)...
June 5, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703111/undergraduate-nursing-students-transformational-learning-during-clinical-training
#6
Christina Melin-Johansson, Jane Österlind, Carina Lundh Hagelin, Ingela Henoch, Kristina Ek, Ingrid Bergh, Maria Browall
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate nursing students encounter patients at the end of life during their clinical training. They need to confront dying and death under supportive circumstances in order to be prepared for similar situations in their future career. AIM: To explore undergraduate nursing students' descriptions of caring situations with patients at the end of life during supervised clinical training. METHODS: A qualitative study using the critical incident technique was chosen...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692745/psychodrama-and-moviemaking-in-a-death-education-course-to-work-through-a-case-of-suicide-among-high-school-students-in-italy
#7
Ines Testoni, Lucia Ronconi, Lorenza Palazzo, Michele Galgani, Antonio Stizzi, Kate Kirk
This study describes the psychological effects of an experience of death education (DE) used to explore a case of suicide in an Italian high school. DE activities included philosophical and religious perspectives of the relationships between death and the meaning of life, a visit to a local hospice, and psychodrama activities, which culminated in the production of short movies. The intervention involved 268 high school students (138 in the experimental group). Pre-test and post-test measures assessed ontological representations of death, death anxiety, alexithymia, and meaning in life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668790/experimental-classroom-games-a-didactic-tool-in-palliative-care
#8
Ana Isabel López Alonso, Maria Elena Fernández Martínez, Cristina Liébana Presa, Ana Maria Vázquez Casares, Maria Paz Castro González
Objective To evaluate the effect of a games-based intervention on palliative care nursing students' scores on the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale. The challenge was to innovate and integrate grief-related theory and experiences into the classroom. Method Quasi-experimental study. Before and after the games-based intervention, 101 and 111 students completed the questionnaires, respectively. The intervention was performed in the context of a palliative care class taught during the first semester of the third year of the nursing programme...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629785/evaluating-referral-screening-and-assessment-procedures-for-middle-school-trauma-grief-focused-treatment-groups
#9
Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos
There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are better served by other forms of intervention and support. We described and evaluated the sequence of steps used to screen 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 89) referred by school staff as candidates for an open trial of group-based Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents (TGCTA; Saltzman et al...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614731/the-impact-of-suicide-bereavement-on-educational-and-occupational-functioning-a-qualitative-study-of-460-bereaved-adults
#10
Alexandra Pitman, Adelia Khrisna Putri, Tanisha De Souza, Fiona Stevenson, Michael King, David Osborn, Nicola Morant
People bereaved by suicide are at an increased risk of suicide and of dropping out of education or work. Explanations for these associations are unclear, and more research is needed to understand how improving support in educational or work settings for people bereaved by suicide might contribute to reducing suicide risk. Our objective was to explore the impact of suicide on occupational functioning. We conducted a cross-sectional online study of bereaved adults aged 18-40, recruited from staff and students of British higher educational institutions in 2010...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589521/grief-and-solidarity-reactions-1-week-after-an-on-campus-shooting
#11
Heidi A Wayment, Roxane Cohen Silver
The impact of interpersonal violence extends beyond the victims and perpetrator(s). The purpose of this research was threefold: (a) to identify whether college students' very early reactions to an on-campus shooting were associated with well-known predictors of distress, (b) to examine whether grief and distress reactions were distinguishable in the early days following a shooting, and (c) to investigate whether a compassionate self-identity was uniquely associated with grief but not distress. Beginning just 3 days after an early morning shooting that killed one student and injured three others, university students ( N = 408) completed an online questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543570/does-knowing-that-a-suicide-was-rational-influence-grief
#12
Geoffrey F Brazda, Lillian M Range, Theodore P Remley, Carolyn C White
Counseling professionals and graduate students (N = 117) recruited online read a randomly assigned one-paragraph vignette about either a non-rational or rational suicide involving an imaginary loved one. Then, they completed the Grief Experiences Questionnaire (GEQ) about how they would feel. The non-rational suicide group expected significantly more search for explanation than the rational suicide group, but were not significantly different on the other six GEQ subscales. All participants expected few distressing reactions to either vignette, suggesting a one-paragraph vignette may not be sufficient to induce the kind of grief many experience when a loved one dies by suicide...
March 15, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495137/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-students-who-survived-20-months-after-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-korea
#13
So Hee Lee, Eun Ji Kim, Jin Won Noh, Jeong Ho Chae
BACKGROUND: The Sewol ferry disaster caused national shock and grief in Korea. The present study examined the prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among the surviving students 20 months after that disaster. METHODS: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional design and a sample of 57 students (29 boys and 28 girls) who survived the Sewol ferry disaster. Data were collected using a questionnaire, including instruments that assessed psychological status...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475240/factors-associated-with-complicated-grief-in-students-who-survived-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-south-korea
#14
So Hee Lee, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Jin-Won Noh, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: The Sewol ferry disaster caused shock and grief in South Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with symptoms of complicated grief (CG) among the surviving students 20 months after that disaster. METHODS: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional design and a sample of 57 students who survived the Sewol ferry disaster. Data were collected using the following instruments: Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Lifetime Incidence of Traumatic Events-Child, the Child Report of Post-Traumatic Symptoms (CROPS), KIDSCREEN-27, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales-III, the Peri-traumatic Dissociation-Post-traumatic Negative Beliefs-Post-traumatic Social Support scale, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475236/a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-study-of-psychological-distress-in-the-danwon-high-school-survivors-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster
#15
Eun Ji Kim, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Unsun Chung, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: We monitored a group of students from Danwon High School who survived the Sewol ferry disaster for 27 months to examine the course of their psychological symptoms. METHODS: We performed a chart review at the Danwon High School Mental Health Center at the following time points (T): 9 months (T1), 12 months (T2), and 15 months (T3) after the disaster. Additionally, we performed a follow-up review at 27 months (T4). Subjects completed the 'State' section of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression assessment, the Child Report of Post-traumatic Symptoms, and the Inventory of Complicated Grief...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461487/understanding-the-role-of-negative-emotions-in-adult-learning-and-achievement-a-social-functional-perspective
#16
Anna D Rowe, Julie Fitness
The role of emotions in adult learning and achievement has received increasing attention in recent years. However, much of the emphasis has been on test anxiety, rather than the wider spectrum of negative emotions such as sadness, grief, boredom and anger. This paper reports findings of a qualitative study exploring the experience and functionality of negative emotions at university. Thirty-six academic staff and students from an Australian university were interviewed about emotional responses to a range of learning events...
February 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323525/embitterment-and-bereavement-the-sewol-ferry-accident-example
#17
Jeong-Ho Chae, Hyu Jung Huh, Won Joon Choi
OBJECTIVE: On Wednesday, April 16, 2014, 261 high school students on a field trip died in the sinking of the Sewol ferry. The bereaved family of the Sewol ferry accident experienced one of the most painful traumatic losses such as the sudden death of one's child through an accident. This article reviewed and discussed embitterment related to traumatic loss through the example of the Sewol ferry accident. METHOD: Embitterment-related issues and problems in coping with the accident that is caused by societal factors were described...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294998/social-and-contextual-influences-on-mental-health-following-an-episode-of-mass-violence
#18
Erika D Felix, Stephanie A Moore, Haley Meskunas, Antoniya Terzieva
Few studies explore how the recovery context following an episode of mass violence affects posttragedy mental health (MH), despite clear implications for developing posttrauma supports. Following a mass murder, this prospective, longitudinal study examined how reactions to media coverage, family reactions, and disappointment in social support influenced posttragedy MH (posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety), above and beyond the influence of pretragedy MH, pretragedy victimization, and objective exposure...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286217/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-cancer-treatment-associated-infertility-among-young-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#19
Asif Husain Osmani, Ghulam Haider, Shaharzad Ali, Faiza Ali, Munazza Irfan, Dur e Fatima
Introduction: Infertility after cancer treatment can cause significant emotional stress and grief for cancer survivors. In this study we assessed knowledge and perceptions among young cancer patients regarding the topic of cancer and infertility related to different treatment options. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on young cancer patients in the Clinical Oncology Department, JPMC, Karachi, from January to August 2013. Patients were requested to fill in questionnaires. Comparisons between gender and age groups were performed using the Student’s t test and Pearson’s Chi-squared...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693475/the-effect-of-patient-death-on-medical-students-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Nicholas J Batley, Rinad Bakhti, Ali Chami, Elsy Jabbour, Rana Bachir, Christopher El Khuri, Afif J Mufarrij
BACKGROUND: The emotional consequences of patient deaths on physicians have been studied in a variety of medical settings. Reactions to patient death include distress, guilt, and grief. Comparatively, there are few studies on the effects of patient death on physicians and residents in the Emergency Department (ED). The ED setting is considered unique for having more sudden deaths that likely include the young and previously healthy and expectations for the clinician to return to a dynamic work environment...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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