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Xiao-Fen Wen, Min Chen, Yang Wu, Min-Na Chen, Aleksandra Glogowska, Thomas Klonisch, Guo-Jun Zhang
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Incurable metastatic breast disease presents a major clinical challenge and is the main cause of breast cancer-related death. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical early promoter of metastasis. In the present study, we identified a novel role for the inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2), a member of the basic helix-loop-helix protein family, during the EMT of breast cancer. Expression of Id2 was positively correlated with Notch3 in breast cancer cells...
August 14, 2018: Translational Oncology
Ran Li, Jiang Yang, Jie Pan, Li Zhang, Wenlong Qin
In this paper, fracturing flowback fluids were biologically treated by immobilized chlorella. The individual and interactive effects of three variables (sodium alginate concentration, CaCl2 concentration, and crosslinking time) on growth of immobilized algal were optimized by response surface methodology combined with Box-Behnken design. The results showed that the SA (sodium alginate) concentration most significantly affected algal density and treatment efficiency. The interaction between SA concentration and crosslinking time was weak, the interaction between CaCl2 concentration and crosslinking time was modest, while the interaction between SA concentration and CaCl2 concentration was significant...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Ying Li, Chi Yao, Daoping Zha, Wen Yang, Guanghua Lu
A passive sampling device, a polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS), was used to monitor 13 pharmaceuticals and 8 transformation products in upstream and downstream wastewater treatment plant effluent. A POCIS laboratory calibration study was performed to determine uptake behavior and the effect of water flow on the sampling rate. Most compounds showed a linear accumulation, and the sampling rate values ranged from 0.031 to 0.559 L/day. The developed POCIS samplers were used in field experiments in a wastewater-impacted river...
July 31, 2018: Chemosphere
Feng Gao, Chuan-Lu Yang, Mei-Shan Wang, Xiao-Guang Ma, Wen-Wang Liu
The feasibility of the hybrid nanocomposites of the graphene quantum dot (GQD) and the phenoxazine-based dyes as the efficient sensitizer of the dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is investigated. Based on the first principles density functional theory (DFT), the geometrical structures of the separate GQDs, the phenoxazine-based dyes, and their hybridized nanocomposites are fully optimized. The energy stabilities of the obtained structures are confirmed by harmonic frequency analysis. The optical absorptions of the optimized structures are calculated with the time-dependent DFT (TDDFT)...
August 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Seon Beom Kim, Qing Liu, Jong Hoon Ahn, Yang Hee Jo, Ayman Turk, In Pyo Hong, Sang Mi Han, Bang Yeon Hwang, Mi Kyeong Lee
Eighteen constituents, including nine new compounds, were isolated from the bee pollen of Quercus mongolica. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of combined spectroscopic analysis. Structurally, the nine new compounds are polyamine derivatives with phenolic moieties which were assigned as one putrescine derivative, mogolicine A (2), seven spermidine derivatives, mongolidines A-G (3-5, 8, 12, 14, 17) and one spermine derivative, mogoline A (18). Evaluation of the biological activity of isolated compounds revealed that the polyamine derivatives with coumaroyl and caffeoyl moieties showed tyrosinase inhibition with IC50 values of 19...
August 10, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Yulei Liu, Tao Yang, Lu Wang, Zhuangsong Huang, Juan Li, Haijun Cheng, Jin Jiang, Suyan Pang, Jingyao Qi, Jun Ma
Natural organic matter (NOM) ubiquitously exists in natural waters and would adsorb onto the particle surface. Previous studies showed that NOM would alleviate the toxicity of nanomaterials, while the mechanism is seldom quantitatively interpreted. Herein, the effects of humic substances [Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) and Suwannee River humic acid (SRHA)] and biomacromolecules [alginate and bovine serum albumin (BSA)] on the aggregation and antimicrobial effects of silver sulfide nanoparticles (Ag2 S-NPs) were investigated...
July 26, 2018: Water Research
Nian Hong, An Liu, Panfeng Zhu, Xu Zhao, Yuntao Guan, Mengting Yang, Hongyang Wang
Benzene series compounds (BTEX) are toxic pollutants primarily generated by traffic activities in an urban environment. BTEX pollutants can be deposited (build-up) on urban road surfaces during dry periods and then washed-off into stormwater runoff. Since BTEX pollutants can pose high human health risks, they can undermine stormwater reuse safety after they enter stormwater runoff. In this study, the BTEX pollutants build-up loads on urban road surfaces were investigated in Shenzhen, China. An artificial neural network (ANN) approach and two conventional regression modelling approaches were compared in terms of estimating BTEX build-up loads based on land use related parameters...
August 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yuanxin Cao, Kai Lei, Xuan Zhang, Ling Xu, Chunye Lin, Yining Yang
Contamination of trace metals in urban rivers is a global problem. The objective of this study was to investigate the contamination and ecological risks of trace metals in the Hai River, which receives substantial effluents from the Beijing-Tianjin region. A total of 43 surface water and sediment samples were collected and analyzed for physiochemical properties and toxic elements. The concentrations of Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Cu and Zn in the river water met the Chinese environmental quality grade I standards for surface water...
August 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Hee Jung Yang, Gawon Kim, KangUk Lee, Jakyoung Lee, Hae Kwan Cheong, Bo Youl Choi, Soon Young Lee
BACKGROUND: In April 2014, a ferry carrying 476 passengers sunk on the coast of Korea, resulting in 304 deaths. Of these, 250 were local high school students, and the disaster significantly affected their community. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and anxiety among Ansan city residents to understand their recovery process after the accident. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys (survey 1, after 4-6 months and survey 2, after 16-18 months of disaster) were used to compare prevalence among residents of Ansan city and adjacent cities...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yangyang Yang, Jun Hou, Peifang Wang, Chao Wang, Xun Wang, Guoxiang You
The presence of abundant extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) play a vital role in affecting heteroaggregation process and toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) to Microcystis aeruginosa. Interactions between n-CeO2 and cyanobacteria with/without EPS and the toxicity of n-CeO2 to M. aeruginosa were investigated in this study. Aggregation kinetics of n-CeO2 under both soluble EPS (SEPS) and bound EPS (BEPS) indicated the presence of EPS could induced the formation of EPS-NPs aggregates. Heteroaggregation between cells and n-CeO2 was confirmed through co-settling experiment and SEM-EDS observation...
August 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yang Zhang, Zhen Su, Hai-Lin Liu, Lin Li, Meng Wei, Dong-Jian Ge, Zhi-Jie Zhang
MicroRNA are emerging as significant regulators of neuropathic pain progression. In addition, neuroinflammation contributes a lot to neuropathic pain. miR-26a-5p has been identified as an inflammation-associated miRNA in multiple pathological processes. However, little is known about the biological role of miR-26a-5p in neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain development. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the function of miR-26a-5p in neuropathic pain by establishing a rat model using chronic sciatic nerve injury (CCI)...
August 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Liu Dou, Yang Mai, Christine M Madla, Mine Orlu, Abdul W Basit
The aim of this study was to explore the influence of food on P-gp relative expression in both male and female rats, and its effect on intestinal permeation of P-gp substrates (ranitidine and ganciclovir) and a P-gp non-substrate (metformin). The intestine of 12 male and 12 female Wistar rats were excised and segmented into the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon. P-gp extracted from each segment was then determined via Western-blotting. In male rats, the relative P-gp expression decreased significantly after food intake in all segments of the intestine except in the duodenum...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hongzhi Du, Yue Huang, Xiaoying Hou, Xingping Quan, Jingwei Jiang, Xiaohui Wei, Yang Liu, Hongyang Li, Puhai Wang, Meixiao Zhan, Xun Ai, Ligong Lu, Shengtao Yuan, Li Sun
At present, chemotherapy is still to be the preferred and most significant therapeutic strategy for cancer patients in clinical practice. Although Camptothecin (CPT) has been discovered for over half century, a series of CPT derivatives such as Topotecan (TPT) and irinotecan (CPT-11) have been approved and are still to be the first-line medicines for clinical application. Up to now, the topoisomerase 1 inhibitor continues to be a significant drug development research field. Based on previous study of the structure-activity relationship, we consider that the introduction of lipophilic group at C7 position can prolong the retention time and the hydroxyl esterification at C20 can eliminate the hydrogen bond interaction, stabilize the E-lactone form and promote the anti-cancer effect...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yifan Liu, Eun Ju Yang, Baoyuan Zhang, Zhengqiang Miao, Changjie Wu, Junfang Lyu, Kaeling Tan, Terence Chuen Wai Poon, Joong Sup Shim
PTEN is a tumor suppressor found mutated in many cancers. From a synthetic lethality drug screen with PTEN-isogenic colorectal cancer cells, we found that mutant-PTEN cells were resistant to dual inhibitors of FLT3 and aurora kinase-A, including KW2449 and ENMD-2076. KW2449 significantly reduced the viability of wildtype-PTEN cells causing apoptosis, while little effect was observed in mutant-PTEN counterparts. Transcriptome profiling showed that members of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway were strongly changed in cells after KW2449 treatment, indicating a potential role of the pathway in drug resistance...
August 14, 2018: Cancer Letters
Kuan-Yu Chen, Mei-Yao Wu, Pei-Shan Yang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chung-Y Hsu, Chiu-Ying Chen, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used for over two thousand years to treat motor impairments corresponding to the clinical manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the prescription of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for the management of PD and further determine whether CHM can improve motor function and decrease the risk of incident fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients older than 40 years newly diagnosed with PD between January 1997 and December 2010 were selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) and followed up until the end of 2013...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Eun-Jeong Yang, Usman Mahmood, Hyunju Kim, Moonseok Choi, Yunjung Choi, Jean-Pyo Lee, Joo-Youn Cho, Jin Won Hyun, Yong Sik Kim, Moon-Jeong Chang, Hye-Sun Kim
Among the various causative factors involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), oxidative stress has emerged as an important factor. Phloroglucinol is a polyphenol component of phlorotannin, which is found at sufficient levels in Ecklonia cava (E. cava). Phloroglucinol has been reported to exert antioxidant activities in various tissues. Previously, we reported that the stereotaxic injection of phloroglucinol regulated synaptic plasticity in an AD mouse model. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of oral administration of phloroglucinol in AD...
August 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Wenting Xu, Zhaoyan Gu, Lingzhi Zhang, Yuanxing Zhang, Qin Liu, Dahai Yang
Edwardsiella piscicida is an important pathogenic bacterium that causes hemorrhagic septicemia in fish. This bacterium could activate NLRC4 and NLRP3 inflammasomes via type III secretion system (T3SS), and inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome via type VI secretion system (T6SS) effector during infection in macrophages. However, the roles of other virulence factors in regulating inflammasome activation during E. piscicida infection remain poorly understood. In this study, we focused on clarification the role of ETAE_RS10155, a thioredoxin-like protein (Trxlp), during bacterial infection in macrophages...
August 14, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Meng-Yuan Zhou, Jin-Ming Yang, Xing-Dong Xiong
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a large novel type of endogenous transcripts, have become a new research hotspot in the field of RNA biology. CircRNAs are mainly generated from exons or introns via multiple mechanisms, and the majority of circRNAs are stable and conserved across different species. Recent studies have revealed that circRNAs can function as miRNA sponges, binding partners of proteins, regulators of transcription, or can even be translated into proteins. Growing evidence has demonstrated that circRNAs play important roles in a wide variety of biological processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis and senescence, and may serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets for various cardiovascular diseases...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Huilong Yuan, Shuai Ouyang, Runan Yang, Shunhua Li, Yingxin Gong, Lifang Zou, Tianyu Jia, Shanhong Zhao, Bing Wu, Zhihua Yi, Hui Liu, Liran Shi, Lin Li, Yun Gao, Guilin Li, Hong Xu, Shuangmei Liu, Chunping Zhang, Shangdong Liang
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered the primary cause of neuropathic pain. Osthole (7-methoxy-8[3-methylpent 2-enyl]coumarin) is a component extracted from Cnidium monnieri (L.) cusson plant seeds and has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of osthole on diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) involving the P2X4 receptor on satellite glial cells (SGCs) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of type 2 diabetic rats. These data showed that the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) in DM rats were lower than those in control rats...
August 14, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Jong-Ho Cha, Wen-Hao Yang, Weiya Xia, Yongkun Wei, Li-Chuan Chan, Seung-Oe Lim, Chia-Wei Li, Taewan Kim, Shih-Shin Chang, Heng-Huan Lee, Jennifer L Hsu, Hung-Ling Wang, Chu-Wei Kuo, Wei-Chao Chang, Sirwan Hadad, Colin A Purdie, Aaron M McCoy, Shirong Cai, Yizheng Tu, Jennifer K Litton, Elizabeth A Mittendorf, Stacy L Moulder, William F Symmans, Alastair M Thompson, Helen Piwnica-Worms, Chung-Hsuan Chen, Kay-Hooi Khoo, Mien-Chie Hung
Metformin has been reported to possess antitumor activity and maintain high cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immune surveillance. However, the functions and detailed mechanisms of metformin's role in cancer immunity are not fully understood. Here, we show that metformin increases CTL activity by reducing the stability and membrane localization of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1). Furthermore, we discover that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activated by metformin directly phosphorylates S195 of PD-L1. S195 phosphorylation induces abnormal PD-L1 glycosylation, resulting in its ER accumulation and ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD)...
August 16, 2018: Molecular Cell
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