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Joel Changalucha, Rachel Steenson, Eleanor Grieve, Sarah Cleaveland, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Geofrey Mchau, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Alphoncina Nanai, Nicodem J Govella, Angel Dilip, Lwitiko Sikana, Francesco Ventura, Katie Hampson
BACKGROUND: Rabies is preventable through prompt administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to exposed persons, but PEP access is limited in many rabies-endemic countries. We investigated how access to PEP can be improved to better prevent human rabies. METHODS: Using data from different settings in Tanzania, including contact tracing (2,367 probable rabies exposures identified) and large-scale mobile phone-based surveillance (24,999 patient records), we estimated the incidence of rabies exposures and bite-injuries, and examined health seeking and health outcomes in relation to PEP access...
October 8, 2018: Vaccine
Jennifer Huberty, Jeni Matthews, Joanne Cacciatore, Matthew P Buman, Jenn Leiferman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential factors that mediate the relationship between mindfulness and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS) in women who experienced stillbirth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data before women's participation in an online mindfulness intervention (i.e., online yoga). SETTING: This was a national study, and women participated in their own homes. PARTICIPANTS: Women who experienced stillbirth (N = 74) within the past 2 years and resided in the United States...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
C Brun, C Mercier, S Grieve, S Palmer, J Bailey, C S McCabe
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor conflicts are well-known to induce sensory disturbances. However, explanations as to why patients with chronic pain are more sensitive to sensorimotor conflicts remain elusive. The main objectives of this study were 1) to assess and compare the sensory disturbances induced by sensorimotor conflict in complex regional pain syndrome (n=38), fibromyalgia (n=36), arthritis (n=34) as well as in healthy volunteers (n=32); 2) to assess whether these disturbances were related to the intensity and duration of pain, or to other clinical variables assessed using questionnaires (abnormalities in sensory perception, depression and anxiety); and 3) to categorize different subgroups of conflict-induced sensory disturbances...
October 5, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Annabel Grieve, Jill Olivier
BACKGROUND: Faith-based non-profit (FBNP) providers have had a long-standing role as non-state, non-profit providers in the Ghanaian health system. They have historically been considered to be important in addressing the inequitable geographical distribution of health services and towards the achievement of universal health coverage (UHC), but in changing contexts, this contribution is being questioned. However, any assessment of contribution is hampered by the lack of basic information about their comparative presence and coverage in the Ghanaian health system...
October 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Dong Hun Lee, Minsoo Khang
This study aims to identify parenting experiences after the death of a child. Using interpretive phenomenological analysis, we mapped the experiences of 16 parents with school-aged surviving children after the death of their sibling to the 2014 Sewol ferry disaster in South Korea. Interviews illuminate five master themes of parenting surviving children following a child's death: (a) parental anxiety, (b) conflicts and obstacles in the parent-child relationship, (c) changes in parenting style, (d) striving to support children's grief, and (e) seeking outside help for parenting...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Pei-Yu Cheng, Li Fang
This article describes a 76-year-old dialysis patient who experienced widowhood. The nursing intervention occurred between April 2nd to June 28th, 2015. Using observation, interviews, medical records and health examinations, the authors assessed the patient's physical, psychological, social, intellectual, and spiritual status. The patient not only presented poor appetite, insomnia, hopelessness, and grief but had also attempted suicide. Thus, three health problems were identified, including dysfunctional grieving, hopelessness, and sleep pattern disturbance...
October 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Michelle A Cole, Kimberly Foito
PURPOSE: Preparing a future nurse to respond to the complex and sensitive needs of a child and family during the end-of-life requires more than didactic content in a classroom. During clinical experiences, students may care for children diagnosed with a terminal illness however; it is less likely that a student will have a clinical opportunity to care for a child and their family at the end-of-life. Without having an experience, it is challenging to teach students how to care for the dying child and family including how to appreciate the emotions, thoughts, and expectations when faced with a pediatric death (Lindsay, 2010)...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Emma K Tsui, Emily Franzosa, Kristen A Cribbs, Sherry Baron
While many types of health care workers experience patient death, home care workers do so under vastly different social and economic circumstances. When a client dies, home care workers often lose both a close relationship and a job. Though research suggests that health care workers' grief may frequently be disenfranchised, there is no in-depth study of the mechanisms that disenfranchise home care workers' grief specifically. To address this gap, our study used focus groups and peer interviews between home care workers in New York City...
September 28, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Noam Schneck, Tao Tu, George A Bonanno, M Katherine Shear, Paul Sajda, J John Mann
BACKGROUND: The intense loss processing that characterizes grieving may help people to adapt to the loss. However, empirical studies show that more conscious loss-related thinking and greater reactivity to reminders of the deceased correspond to poorer adaptation. These findings raise the possibility that loss processing that is unconscious rather than conscious and is self-generated rather than reactive may facilitate adaptation. Here, we used machine learning to detect a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signature of self-generated unconscious loss processing that we hypothesized to correlate with lower grief severity...
August 25, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Joanna Wojtkowiak, Noëmie C Vanherf, Carmen M Schuhmann
The focus in grief theories has been increasingly shifting toward questions of meaning. In this study, we draw on the meaning-reconstruction model of grief for studying the unique case of hard drug users who have experienced a drug-related death. The social context of hard drug use, as well as the death and grief circumstances, is problematic and stigmatized. Grief narratives of 10 respondents were analyzed according to the principles of grounded theory. We identified four main themes: (1) the inhibition of emotion by drugs leading to fragmented grief reactions, (2) social exclusion and notions of disenfranchized grief, (3) the acceptance of death, and (4) meaningfulness in a "biography of losses...
September 25, 2018: Death Studies
Joseph Fennell, Charles Veys, Jose Dingle, Joachim Nwezeobi, Sharon van Brunschot, John Colvin, Bruce Grieve
Background: The paper introduces a multispectral imaging system and data-processing approach for the identification and discrimination of morphologically indistinguishable cryptic species of the destructive crop pest, the whitefly Bemisia tabaci . This investigation and the corresponding system design, was undertaken in two phases under controlled laboratory conditions. The first exploited a prototype benchtop variant of the proposed sensor system to analyse four cryptic species of whitefly reared under similar conditions...
2018: Plant Methods
Miriam Mast, Deborah Gillum
A qualitative case study methodology was applied to explore how nurses cope when their patients die. The study utilized a sample of 16 participants at a rural 123-bed community hospital. Nine themes regarding nurses dealing with grief emerged: (a) family issues, (b) patient alone at death, (c) knowing the community, (d) never-forgotten experiences, (e) first experiences, (f) time issues, (g) responses to unexpected deaths, (h) role of nurses, and (i) nurses' response to death itself. It is concluded that nurses need to grieve...
September 17, 2018: Health Care Manager
Nora Gross, Cassandra Lo
Prior research shows that many teachers feel ill-equipped to deal with students experiencing loss, and teachers of Black male adolescents, in particular, sometimes mistake grieving for misbehavior. This multimethod case study investigated the way teachers and their Black male students at a single-sex school related around encounters with loss. We examined students' and teachers' grief experiences through stories that were shared during qualitative interviews and focus group meetings and by observing everyday interactions throughout the school building...
September 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
David J Schonfeld, Thomas P Demaria
School psychologists are in a unique position to both identify and work with grieving students; to provide guidance to schools, families, and peers on approaches to support such children and youth; and to offer training to classroom educators so that they are better prepared to support grieving students. Yet, there has been minimal research published on this topic in professional journals. This special section of School Psychology Quarterly is devoted to grief and loss with the hope of beginning to narrow this gap in the literature...
September 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Christina J Keeble, Natasha M Loi, Einar B Thorsteinsson
Objective: Stillbirth devastates families and leaves them struggling to grieve the death of their baby in a society that expects grief symptoms to decrease over time. Previous research has suggested that increased memory sharing opportunities can lead to positive mental health outcomes. The aim of the current study was to examine people's perceptions of stillbirth as well as the perceived appropriateness of affected parents sharing memories of their child. In addition, we examined whether manipulating empathy would have an effect on people's perceptions of stillbirth...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Z Sadique, D A Harrison, D E Bear, K M Rowan, R Grieve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Kara Thieleman, Joanne Cacciatore
Prior research has found high levels of distress in parents who experience the death of a child; however, Romanian parents, whose experiences are influenced by the nation's shared historical trauma, have not been studied. This mixed-methods study found very high levels of distress in a sample of 237 bereaved parents in Romania, primarily women. Specifically, 89% of respondents scored above the clinical cutoff for trauma responses, 66% did so for anxious responses, and 82% did so for depressive responses. Qualitative analyses of respondents' narratives suggest that, through complex interactions between political, social, and medical systems, the lack of care after the death of a child seems to incite additional distress in parents...
September 13, 2018: Omega
Rayna D Markin
Pregnancies after loss are often characterized by feelings of depression, anxiety, trauma-like symptoms, and problems bonding to the fetus. Difficulties bonding to the unborn baby during pregnancy are of clinical importance because they are predictive of problems in the mother-infant attachment relationship, perhaps explaining why some studies show a higher risk of insecure attachment for babies born after loss. O'Leary (2004) has proposed that problems in prenatal bonding during pregnancies after loss are the result of the challenge these mothers face of having to grieve the loss of one baby while bonding to another...
September 2018: Psychotherapy
Pilar Lopez-Cantero
People who experience love often experience break-ups as well. However, philosophers of love have paid little attention to the phenomenon. Here, I address that gap by looking at the grieving process which follows unchosen relationship terminations. I ask which one is the loss that, if it were to be recovered, would stop grief or make it unwarranted. Is it the beloved, the reciprocation of love, the relationship, or all of it? By answering this question I not only provide with an insight on the nature of break-ups, but also make a specific claim about the nature of love...
2018: Philosophia
C Georgeon, K Grieve, V Borderie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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