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Lucia Martinčeková, Matthew J Jiang, Jamal D Adams, David Menendez, Iseli G Hernandez, Gregory Barber, Karl S Rosengren
Using a mixed-methods approach, we examined how participants' memories of socialization regarding death might influence their self-reported coping with losses in childhood and adulthood. We recruited 318 adults to complete an online survey. Path analyses indicated that participants who remembered their parents shielding them less from issues related to death reported better coping as children and adults. Qualitative responses suggested participants wanted to receive more information about death from their parents as they went through the grieving process...
December 12, 2018: Death Studies
Noam Schneck, Tao Tu, Stefan Haufe, George A Bonanno, Hanga GalfaIvy, Kevin Ochsner, J John Mann, Paul Sajda
An avoidant grief style is marked by repeated and often unsuccessful attempts to prevent thinking about loss. Prior work shows avoidant grief involves monitoring the external environment in order to avoid reminders of the loss. Here we sought to determine whether avoidant grievers also monitor the internal environment in attempts to minimize conscious awareness of loss-related thoughts. Individuals bereaved of a first-degree relative, spouse or partner within the last 14 months participated in an fMRI study (N=29)...
December 6, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Natasha Nurse-Clarke, Barbara DiCicco-Bloom, Rana Limbo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which labor and delivery nurses used the tenets of Swanson's middle-range theory to care for women whose babies were stillborn. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of qualitative in-depth interview data from 20 labor and delivery nurses obtained during a recent grounded theory study was conducted using the directed content analysis method. The five caring processes as described in Swanson's theory were used as a priori codes to conduct the analysis...
January 2019: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Tina M Mason, Cindy S Tofthagen
Grieving is a normal reaction to loss; however, not everyone is able to recover from grief and adjust to a life after the loss. "Complicated grief" (CG) is a term used to describe intense and prolonged bereavement after the loss of a loved one that interferes with normal activities accompanied by destructive thoughts and behaviors. In practice and research, the concept of CG varies in definition and instruments used to measure. This concept analysis examines relevant research related to CG experienced by caregivers to provide a clear, comprehensive definition...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Jerome Wulff, Zia Sadique, Richard Grieve, David Howell, Paul Mouncey, Dorothy Wade, Kathryn M Rowan, David A Harrison
The Psychological Outcomes following a nurse-led Preventative Psychological Intervention for critically ill patients trial is a cluster-randomised controlled trial of the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a complex nurse-led preventative psychological intervention compared with usual care in reducing patient-reported post-traumatic stress disorder symptom severity, and other reported psychological morbidities, at six months among Level 3 (intensive care) patients in adult general critical care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland...
November 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
N Banayan, C Georgeon, K Grieve, D Ghoubay, F Baudouin, V Borderie
The limbus is the anatomical and functional barrier between corneal and conjunctival epithelia. It is characterized by presence of the limbal stem cell niche which allows corneal homeostasis to be maintained. Limbal stem cell deficiency is characterized by a dual process: insufficient regeneration of corneal epithelium, which cannot therefore assure its function of physiological support, associated with corneal invasion by conjunctival proliferation. Diagnosis is currently made via routine clinical examination, corneal impression cytology and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM)...
November 22, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
E G Srinivasan
This qualitative study explores bereavement experiences with an assisted death. Thematic analysis of data from interviews with 22 people who had a family member die under Oregon's Death with Dignity Act revealed the following five themes: (a) general grief reactions, (b) anticipating the death, (c) sense of control, (d) level of agreement with assisted death, and (e) grief expression and stigma. Grief from an assisted death is a varied experience, including aspects that are unique to this mode of death, and aspects that can both ease and bring challenges to the grieving process...
November 22, 2018: Death Studies
Marina Uchoa Lopes Pereira, Laura Lamas Martins Gonçalves, Cristina Maria Douat Loyola, Patrícia Sampaio da Anunciação, Rosane da Silva Dias, Irla Nunes Reis, Lays Amorim Silva Pereira, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the communication of a child's death and the grief support provided to the women during puerperium. METHODS: This is a qualitative study performed at a capital of the Northeast region of Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 women, whose children died from July 2012 to July 2014. The interviews contained questions about the child's death and the grieving process. The content analysis was performed with a thematic approach...
November 14, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
N Banayan, C Georgeon, K Grieve, D Ghoubay, F Baudouin, V Borderie
The limbus is the anatomical and functional barrier between the corneal and conjunctival epithelia. It is characterized by the presence of the limbal stem cell niche, which allows corneal homeostasis to be maintained. Limbal stem cell deficiency is characterized by a dual process: insufficient regeneration of corneal epithelium, which cannot therefore assure its function of physiological support, associated with corneal invasion by conjunctival proliferation. Diagnosis is currently made via routine clinical examination, corneal impression cytology and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM)...
November 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Leanne A Grieves, Mark A Bernards, Elizabeth A MacDougall-Shackleton
Chemical signaling has been well studied in invertebrates and mammals but less so in birds, due to the longstanding misconception that olfaction is unimportant or even non-existent in this taxon. However, recent findings suggest that olfaction plays an important role in avian mate choice and reproductive behavior, similar to other taxa. The leading candidate source for compounds involved in avian chemical communication is preen oil, a complex mixture secreted from the uropygial gland. Preen oil contains volatile compounds and their potential wax ester precursors, and may act as a reproductive chemosignal...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Jasmine R Eddinger, Tori M Humiston, Madison L Sutton, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Joah L Williams
OBJECTIVE: Thousands of Americans grieve the sudden death of a loved one each year. These sudden deaths may be the result of violent deaths, as in the cases of homicide, suicide, or fatal accidents, or may occur as the result of natural causes such as heart attacks or strokes. Sudden loss survivors often experience negative mental health outcomes such as depression, prolonged grief disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Survivors may also misuse alcohol for varied reasons after these losses, which can put them at risk for alcohol-related consequences...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Ian S Mudway, Isobel Dundas, Helen E Wood, Nadine Marlin, Jeenath B Jamaludin, Stephen A Bremner, Louise Cross, Andrew Grieve, Alex Nanzer, Ben M Barratt, Sean Beevers, David Dajnak, Gary W Fuller, Anna Font, Grainne Colligan, Aziz Sheikh, Robert Walton, Jonathan Grigg, Frank J Kelly, Tak H Lee, Chris J Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Low emission zones (LEZ) are an increasingly common, but unevaluated, intervention aimed at improving urban air quality and public health. We investigated the impact of London's LEZ on air quality and children's respiratory health. METHODS: We did a sequential annual cross-sectional study of 2164 children aged 8-9 years attending primary schools between 2009-10 and 2013-14 in central London, UK, following the introduction of London's LEZ in February, 2008...
November 14, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Joanne Cacciatore, Kara Thieleman
There are several ways, clinically, to approach grief after perinatal death, including from a humanistic or a medicalized perspective. The death of a baby is complicated. The loss is an embodied one that incites deep psychological wounds and can be isolating for many parents. Parents process their grief experiences within a sometimes oppressive social context that either sees their expressions of loss as a normal response to an abnormal tragedy or as pathology. Several diagnostic categories have been proposed relative to the traumatic grief experiences of grieving parents that potentially affect them...
November 15, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
T A Bowdle, S Jelacic, B Nair, K Togashi, K Caine, L Bussey, C Kruger, R Grieve, D Grieve, C S Webster, A F Merry
BACKGROUND: Anaesthetic medication administration errors are a significant threat to patient safety. In 2002, we began collecting data about the rate and nature of anaesthetic medication errors and implemented a variety of measures to reduce errors. METHODS: Facilitated self-reporting of errors was carried out in 2002-2003. Subsequently, a medication safety bundle including 'smart' infusion pumps were implemented. During 2014 facilitated self-reporting commenced again...
December 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Evita March, George Van Doorn, Rachel Grieve
The booty-call relationship is defined by both sexual characteristics and emotional involvement. In the current study, men's and women's preferences for a booty-call mate were explored. Men and women were predicted to exhibit different mate preferences depending on whether they considered a booty-call relationship a short- or long-term relationship. Participants ( N = 559, 74% women) completed an anonymous online questionnaire, designing their ideal booty-call mate using the mate dollars paradigm. Both sexes considered the physical attractiveness and kindness of a booty-call mate a necessity, expressing both short- and long-term mate preferences...
October 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
Ulrich Riller, Michael H Poelchau, Auriol S P Rae, Felix M Schulte, Gareth S Collins, H Jay Melosh, Richard A F Grieve, Joanna V Morgan, Sean P S Gulick, Johanna Lofi, Abdoulaye Diaw, Naoma McCall, David A Kring
In this Article, the middle initial of author Kosei E. Yamaguchi (of the IODP-ICDP Expedition 364 Science Party) was missing and his affiliation is to Toho University (not Tohu University). These errors have been corrected online.
November 13, 2018: Nature
Mary Kate Dennis, Karla T Washington
Death, grief, and loss are common experiences for many individuals who identify as American Indian/Alaska Native, yet decidedly little is known about the lived experience of grieving in this population. To address this gap in the literature, researchers conducted a qualitative descriptive study exploring ways of grieving among 20 elders residing on a North American Ojibwe reservation. Findings derived via thematic analysis illustrate the variety of ways these elders respond to death: living through it, responding in Western or non-Traditional ways, drawing comfort from spirituality, and grieving as a community...
December 2018: Omega
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Shahad Bin Saeed, Agnes Victor, Tony Long
The purpose of the current study was to examine the association between prolonged grief disorder, perceived social support, and severity of depression among Saudi Arabian university students after the death of a significant individual. A cross-sectional design was used to examine descriptive characteristics, correlational relationships, and statistical mean differences between male and female participants on prolonged grief disorder (PGD) scores in a convenience sample of Saudi Arabian college students. The Prolonged Grief Disorder-13 tool, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the revised Beck Depression Inventory® were completed by 226 Saudi Arabian undergraduate students...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Marta Vilà-González, Sophia Kelaini, Corey Magee, Rachel Caines, David Campbell, Magdalini Eleftheriadou, Amy Cochrane, Daiana Drehmer, Marianna Tsifaki, Karla O'Neill, Edoardo Pedrini, Chunbo Yang, Reinhold Medina, Denise McDonald, David Simpson, Anna Zampetaki, Lingfang Zeng, David Grieve, Noemi Lois, Alan W Stitt, Andriana Margariti
The mortality rate for (cardio)-vascular disease is one of the highest in the world, so a healthy functional endothelium is of outmost importance against vascular disease. In this study, human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells were reprogrammed from 1 ml blood of healthy donors and subsequently differentiated into endothelial cells (iPS-ECs) with typical EC characteristics. This research combined iPS cell technologies and next-generation sequencing to acquire an insight into the transcriptional regulation of iPS-ECs...
October 29, 2018: Stem Cells
Justine M. Gatt, Karen L.O. Burton, Kylie M. Routledge, Katrina L. Grasby, Mayuresh S. Korgaonkar, Stuart M. Grieve, Peter R. Schofield, Anthony W.F. Harris, C. Richard Clark, Leanne M. Williams
Background: Associations between well-being, resilience to trauma and the volume of grey-matter regions involved in affective processing (e.g., threat/reward circuits) are largely unexplored, as are the roles of shared genetic and environmental factors derived from multivariate twin modelling. Methods: This study presents, to our knowledge, the first exploration of well-being and volumes of grey-matter regions involved in affective processing using a region-of-interest, voxel-based approach in 263 healthy adult twins (60% monozygotic pairs, 61% females, mean age 39...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
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