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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025100/an-examination-of-pain-s-relationship-to-sleep-fragmentation-and-disordered-breathing-across-common-sleep-disorders
#1
Jennifer M Mundt, Stephan Eisenschenk, Michael E Robinson
Objective: Short sleep duration and insomnia have been linked to higher pain and an increased risk of developing chronic pain, but relatively little research has examined the contribution of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) to pain. This study examined the unique contributions of SDB and insomnia to chronic pain. Subjects: Adult patients referred to an academic sleep center for overnight polysomnography were invited to participate. Methods: Participants (N = 105) completed questionnaires about their sleep and pain, including the Insomnia Severity Index, Medical College of Virginia Pain Questionnaire, and two weeks of sleep/pain diaries...
August 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992822/therapy-update-for-insomnia-in-the-elderly
#2
Sum Lam, Lucy O Macina
OBJECTIVE: To offer an update on insomnia in older adults and treatment options. DATA SOURCES: A search of PubMed using the terms "insomnia" and "older adults" was performed. Current guidelines, review articles, and drug database and manufacturer package inserts were utilized to provide relevant information. STUDY SELECTION: All English-language articles from 2012 to February 2017 and their bibliographies were reviewed for relevance. Current guidelines from the American College of Physicians, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and the American Geriatrics Society's Beers criteria were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959453/trajectories-of-change-and-long-term-outcomes-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-insomnia-treatment-to-prevent-depression
#3
Philip J Batterham, Helen Christensen, Andrew J Mackinnon, John A Gosling, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband, Nick Glozier, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Insomnia treatment using an internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) program reduces depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. However, the speed, longevity and consistency of these effects are unknown. AIMS: To test the following: whether the efficacy of online CBT-I was sustained over 18 months; how rapidly the effects of CBT-I emerged; evidence for distinct trajectories of change in depressive symptoms; and predictors of these trajectories...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940352/fibromyalgia-among-patients-with-chronic-migraine-and-chronic-tension-type-headache-a-multicenter-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Soo-Jin Cho, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jong Seok Bae, Min Kyung Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency and impact of fibromyalgia among patients with chronic migraine (CM) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common comorbidity in patients with chronic headaches. CM and CTTH are the two common types of chronic headaches. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in neurology outpatient clinics of four university hospitals and selected first-visit 136 patients with CM and 35 patients with CTTH...
November 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845407/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-distress-and-associated-risk-factors-among-college-students-using-ghq-28-questionnaire
#5
Jalal Poorolajal, Ali Ghaleiha, Nahid Darvishi, Shahla Daryaei, Soheila Panahi
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adults are at increased risk of psychiatric distress and serious disability. We estimated the prevalence and associated risk factors of psychiatric distress among the college students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. METHODS: We performed this cross-sectional study, from Jan to May 2016 at Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Students filled out voluntarily an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, personal information, behavioral risk factors, and a validated Persian version of the GHQ-28 questionnaire, including somatic symptoms (items 1-7), anxiety/insomnia (items 8-14), social dysfunctions (items 15-21), and severe depression (items 22-28)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794633/sleep-problems-in-university-students-an-intervention
#6
Angelika Anita Schlarb, Anja Friedrich, Merle Claßen
INTRODUCTION: Up to 60% of all college students suffer from a poor sleep quality, and 7.7% meet all criteria of an insomnia disorder. Sleep problems have a great impact on the students' daily life, for example, the grade point average. Due to irregular daytime routines, chronotype changes, side jobs and exam periods, they need specialized treatments for improving sleep. "Studieren wie im Schlaf" (SWIS; (studying in your sleep)) is a multicomponent sleep training that combines Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Hypnotherapy for Insomnia to improve students' sleep, insomnia symptoms and nightmares...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777658/role-of-combat-exposure-and-insomnia-in-student-veterans-adaptation-to-college
#7
James J McGuffin, Shelley A Riggs, Daniel J Taylor
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Since 2002, the number of college student veterans has nearly doubled, although 30-40% of veterans fail to complete their degree. Few research efforts to understand the challenges veterans face transitioning to college in recent years have looked beyond the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder. Insomnia is the most frequently reported symptom of combat veterans and can have serious implications for college students. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of insomnia in student veteran adaptation to college relative to civilian students...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760403/health-related-quality-of-life-for-immediate-versus-delayed-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-non-curable-prostate-cancer-trog-03-06-and-vcog-pr-01-03-toad-a-randomised-multicentre-non-blinded-phase-3-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gillian M Duchesne, Henry H Woo, Madeleine King, Steven J Bowe, Martin R Stockler, Alice Ames, Catherine D'Este, Mark Frydenberg, Andrew Loblaw, Shawn Malone, Jeremy Millar, Keen Hun Tai, Sandra Turner
BACKGROUND: Androgen-deprivation therapy in patients with prostate cancer who have relapsed with rising prostate-specific antigen concentration only (PSA-only relapse), or with non-curable but asymptomatic disease at diagnosis, could adversely affect quality of life at a time when the disease itself does not. We aimed to compare the effect of immediate versus delayed androgen-deprivation therapy on health-related quality of life over 5 years in men enrolled in the TOAD (Timing of Androgen Deprivation) trial...
September 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752093/insomnia-and-its-temporal-association-with-academic-performance-among-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile, Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that 9.4% to 38.2% of university students are suffering from insomnia. However, research data in developing countries is limited. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess insomnia and its temporal association with academic performance. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 388 students at Debre Berhan University. Data were collected at the nine colleges. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed for modeling insomnia and academic performance with a p value threshold of 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749704/self-medication-for-sleep-in-college-students-concurrent-and-prospective-associations-with-sleep-and-alcohol-behavior
#10
Patricia A Goodhines, Les A Gellis, Jueun Kim, Lisa M Fucito, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: College students are at an increased risk for poor sleep and associated sleep problems. Emerging evidence suggests that a substantial subset of college students self-medicate with alcohol, marijuana, or over-the-counter medications to help sleep. The current study identified demographic, psychosocial, and sleep- and alcohol-related correlates of self-medication for sleep, and assessed its concurrent and prospective associations with insomnia symptoms, alcohol drinking, and negative drinking consequences...
July 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715231/bayesian-estimation-for-item-factor-analysis-models-with-sparse-categorical-indicators
#11
Sierra A Bainter
Psychometric models for item-level data are broadly useful in psychology. A recurring issue for estimating item factor analysis (IFA) models is low-item endorsement (item sparseness), due to limited sample sizes or extreme items such as rare symptoms or behaviors. In this paper, I demonstrate that under conditions characterized by sparseness, currently available estimation methods, including maximum likelihood (ML), are likely to fail to converge or lead to extreme estimates and low empirical power. Bayesian estimation incorporating prior information is a promising alternative to ML estimation for IFA models with item sparseness...
July 17, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646790/the-effects-of-individual-biological-rhythm-differences-on-sleep-quality-daytime-sleepiness-and-dissociative-experiences
#12
Yavuz Selvi, Ali Kandeger, Murat Boysan, Nursel Akbaba, Ayca A Sayin, Emine Tekinarslan, Basak O Koc, Omer F Uygur, Vedat Sar
Individuals who differ markedly by sleep chronotype, i.e., morning-type or evening-type also differ on a number of psychological, behavioral, and biological variables. Among several other psychological functions, dissociation may also lead to disruption and alteration of consciousness, which may facilitate dream-like experiences. Our study was aimed at an inquiry into the effects of individual biological rhythm differences on sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in conjunction with dissociative experiences...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618185/let-s-talk-about-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-interventions-to-improve-sleep-in-college-students
#13
REVIEW
Anja Friedrich, Angelika A Schlarb
Sleep problems are a common occurrence in college students. Insomnia, nightmares and impaired sleep quality lead to several mental health issues, as well as impaired academic performance. Although different sleep programmes exist, a systematic overview comparing their effectiveness is still missing. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of psychological interventions to improve sleep in college students. Seven databases were searched from November to December 2016 (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, PubMed, OpenSigle)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388974/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-mini-sleep-questionnaire-insomnia-in-korean-college-students
#14
Hee-Ju Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire-Insomnia in Korean college students. METHODS: A total of 470 students from six nursing colleges in South Korea participated in the study. The translation and linguistic validation of the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire-Insomnia was performed based on guidelines. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Scale were used to validate the measure...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276853/worsening-of-rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-quality-of-life-in-female-breast-cancer-patients-along-progression-of-chemotherapy-cycles
#15
Armiya Sultan, Vivek Choudhary, Arti Parganiha
Chemotherapy and its associated side effects can induce the disruption of circadian rest-activity rhythm and may have negative consequences on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer patients. In the current study, repeated-measures cross-sectional design was implemented to determine the status of circadian rest-activity rhythm and to assess the HRQoL of newly diagnosed female breast cancer patients those were planned to receive six cycles of chemotherapy. Rest activity and HRQoL were assessed in twenty-five patients during chemotherapy cycles 1st (C1), 3rd (C3), and 6th (C6) immediately after they reported to the outdoor ward of the Regional Cancer Center, Pt...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#16
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825412/restless-legs-syndrome-in-adults-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#17
Jian-Hua Chen, Rong Huang, Jin-Mei Luo, Yi Xiao, Xu Zhong, Xiu-Qin Liu
Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in adults in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and explore the sleep quality,fatigue degree,daytime sleepiness,disease severity,depression and anxiety of RLS patients.Methods Totally 4739 consecutive patients who visited the outpatient departments with any sleep complaint or leg discomforts were recruited in the study. Patients under 18 years were excluded. All participants answered RLS questionnaire. The subjects fulfilled all four criteria would be followed up and given advanced examinations to rule out secondary RLS and RLS mimics...
October 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715320/association-between-chronotype-and-nonrestorative-sleep-in-a-college-population
#18
Joshua Tutek, Sarah E Emert, Natalie D Dautovich, Kenneth L Lichstein
Nonrestorative sleep (NRS), characterized by a lack of refreshment upon awakening, has received little attention in the sleep literature even though it can occur and cause impairment apart from other sleep difficulties associated with insomnia. The Restorative Sleep Questionnaire (RSQ) is one of the first validated self-report instruments for investigating NRS severity, presenting new opportunities to explore what factors predict and perhaps contribute to unrefreshing sleep. The present study sought to determine whether inherent circadian preference for morning or evening activity, known as chronotype, predicted restorative sleep in 164 college undergraduates who completed daily RSQs over 2 weeks...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712109/assessing-stress-induced-sleep-reactivity-in-college-students-the-european-portuguese-version-of-the-ford-insomnia-response-to-stress-test-first
#19
Daniel Ruivo Marques, Ana Allen Gomes, Christopher Lawrence Drake, Thomas Roth, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the comprehensive models of insomnia have exhibited impressive developments. However, there is scarce knowledge on predisposing or vulnerability factors for insomnia. One of the most promising constructs to aid in filling this gap is stress-induced sleep reactivity assessed through self-report. Our aim was to study the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a large sample of students attending medical school (N = 699)...
August 11, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465818/a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tong-luo-hua-shi-capsule-a-modernized-tibetan-medicine-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Wei Liu, Yuan-Hao Wu, Si-Yuan Hu, Cheng-Liang Zhong, Ming-Li Gao, Dong-Wu Liu, Hai-Yun Wang, Mu-Zhi Chen, Yue-Jin Song, Ben-Zha-Xi Yang, Qing-Shan Zheng, Hua Yao, Xue-Bing Qi, Gang Li
BACKGROUND: Tong Luo Hua Shi (TLHS) is a new formulation of the traditional Tibetan medicine Wu-wei-gan-lu that has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for hundreds of years in China. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TLHS in patients with RA. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study performed in patients with active RA from five medical centers. Patients received three doses (4...
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