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College insomnia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825412/restless-legs-syndrome-in-adults-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#1
Jian-Hua Chen, Rong Huang, Jin-Mei Luo, Yi Xiao, Xu Zhong, Xiu-Qin Liu
Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in adults in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and explore the sleep quality,fatigue degree,daytime sleepiness,disease severity,depression and anxiety of RLS patients.Methods Totally 4739 consecutive patients who visited the outpatient departments with any sleep complaint or leg discomforts were recruited in the study. Patients under 18 years were excluded. All participants answered RLS questionnaire. The subjects fulfilled all four criteria would be followed up and given advanced examinations to rule out secondary RLS and RLS mimics...
October 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715320/association-between-chronotype-and-nonrestorative-sleep-in-a-college-population
#2
Joshua Tutek, Sarah E Emert, Natalie D Dautovich, Kenneth L Lichstein
Nonrestorative sleep (NRS), characterized by a lack of refreshment upon awakening, has received little attention in the sleep literature even though it can occur and cause impairment apart from other sleep difficulties associated with insomnia. The Restorative Sleep Questionnaire (RSQ) is one of the first validated self-report instruments for investigating NRS severity, presenting new opportunities to explore what factors predict and perhaps contribute to unrefreshing sleep. The present study sought to determine whether inherent circadian preference for morning or evening activity, known as chronotype, predicted restorative sleep in 164 college undergraduates who completed daily RSQs over 2 weeks...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712109/assessing-stress-induced-sleep-reactivity-in-college-students-the-european-portuguese-version-of-the-ford-insomnia-response-to-stress-test-first
#3
Daniel Ruivo Marques, Ana Allen Gomes, Christopher Lawrence Drake, Thomas Roth, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the comprehensive models of insomnia have exhibited impressive developments. However, there is scarce knowledge on predisposing or vulnerability factors for insomnia. One of the most promising constructs to aid in filling this gap is stress-induced sleep reactivity assessed through self-report. Our aim was to study the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a large sample of students attending medical school (N = 699)...
August 11, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465818/a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tong-luo-hua-shi-capsule-a-modernized-tibetan-medicine-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Wei Liu, Yuan-Hao Wu, Si-Yuan Hu, Cheng-Liang Zhong, Ming-Li Gao, Dong-Wu Liu, Hai-Yun Wang, Mu-Zhi Chen, Yue-Jin Song, Ben-Zha-Xi Yang, Qing-Shan Zheng, Hua Yao, Xue-Bing Qi, Gang Li
BACKGROUND: Tong Luo Hua Shi (TLHS) is a new formulation of the traditional Tibetan medicine Wu-wei-gan-lu that has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for hundreds of years in China. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TLHS in patients with RA. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study performed in patients with active RA from five medical centers. Patients received three doses (4...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320952/prevalence-of-burnout-and-its-correlates-among-residents-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-kerala-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
B Ratnakaran, A Prabhakaran, V Karunakaran
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Residents work in emotionally demanding environments with multiple stressors. The risk for burnout is high in them and it has significant negative consequences for their career. Burnout is also associated with consequences in terms of physical and mental health including insomnia, cardiovascular disease, depression and suicidal ideation. Thus, the study aimed to study the prevalence of burn out and its correlates among interns and residents at Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India...
July 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281286/three-quarters-of-persons-in-the-us-population-reporting-a-clinical-diagnosis-of-fibromyalgia-do-not-satisfy-fibromyalgia-criteria-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Brian Walitt, Robert S Katz, Martin J Bergman, Frederick Wolfe
OBJECTIVES: Although fibromyalgia criteria have been in effect for decades, little is known about how the fibromyalgia diagnosis is applied and understood by clinicians and patients. We used the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to determine the prevalence of self-reported clinician diagnosed fibromyalgia and then compared demographics, symptoms, disability and medical utilization measures of persons with a clinical diagnosis of fibromyalgia that did not meet diagnostic criteria (false-positive or prior [F/P] fibromyalgia) to persons with and without criteria-positive fibromyalgia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166299/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-psqi-in-u-s-college-students
#7
Jessica R Dietch, Daniel J Taylor, Kevin Sethi, Kimberly Kelly, Adam D Bramoweth, Brandy M Roane
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Examine the psychometric properties of the PSQI in two U.S. college samples. METHODS: Study I assessed convergent and divergent validity in 866 undergraduates who completed a sleep diary, PSQI, and other sleep and psychosocial measures. Study II assessed PSQI insomnia diagnostic accuracy in a separate sample of 147 healthy undergraduates with and without insomnia. RESULTS: The PSQI global score had only moderate convergent validity with sleep diary sleep efficiency (prospective global measure of sleep continuity; r = 0...
2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136619/psychological-and-behavioral-interventions-for-managing-insomnia-disorder-an-evidence-report-for-a-clinical-practice-guideline-by-the-american-college-of-physicians
#8
Michelle Brasure, Erika Fuchs, Roderick MacDonald, Victoria A Nelson, Erin Koffel, Carin M Olson, Imran S Khawaja, Susan Diem, Maureen Carlyle, Timothy J Wilt, Jeannine Ouellette, Mary Butler, Robert L Kane
BACKGROUND: Psychological and behavioral interventions are frequently used for insomnia disorder. PURPOSE: To assess benefits and harms of psychological and behavioral interventions for insomnia disorder in adults. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO through September 2015, supplemented with hand-searching. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled trials of psychological or behavioral interventions that were published in English and enrolled adults with insomnia disorder lasting 4 or more weeks...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136449/management-of-chronic-insomnia-disorder-in-adults-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#9
Amir Qaseem, Devan Kansagara, Mary Ann Forciea, Molly Cooke, Thomas D Denberg
DESCRIPTION: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on the management of chronic insomnia disorder in adults. METHODS: This guideline is based on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials published in English from 2004 through September 2015. Evaluated outcomes included global outcomes assessed by questionnaires, patient-reported sleep outcomes, and harms. The target audience for this guideline includes all clinicians, and the target patient population includes adults with chronic insomnia disorder...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136278/pharmacologic-treatment-of-insomnia-disorder-an-evidence-report-for-a-clinical-practice-guideline-by-the-american-college-of-physicians
#10
Timothy J Wilt, Roderick MacDonald, Michelle Brasure, Carin M Olson, Maureen Carlyle, Erika Fuchs, Imran S Khawaja, Susan Diem, Erin Koffel, Jeannine Ouellette, Mary Butler, Robert L Kane
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic interventions are often prescribed for insomnia disorder. PURPOSE: To assess the benefits, harms, and comparative effectiveness of pharmacologic treatments for adults with insomnia disorder. DATA SOURCES: Several electronic databases (2004-September 2015), reference lists, and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) documents. STUDY SELECTION: 35 randomized, controlled trials of at least 4 weeks' duration that evaluated pharmacotherapies available in the United States and that reported global or sleep outcomes; 11 long-term observational studies that reported harm information; FDA review data for nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics and orexin receptor antagonists; and product labels for all agents...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135191/management-of-chronic-insomnia-disorder-in-adults-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100055/linking-insomnia-and-suicide-ideation-in-college-females-the-role-of-socio-cognitive-variables-and-depressive-symptoms-in-suicide-risk
#12
Melanie L Bozzay, Marc S Karver, Edelyn Verona
BACKGROUND: Although insomnia symptoms are associated with risk of suicide ideation, the means by which insomnia influences ideation, as well as the role depression plays in these relationships, require further study. In this study, we examined whether certain socio-cognitive variables (fatigue, social problem-solving, and hopelessness) in conjunction with depression explained this relationship among female college students. METHODS: 483 female students completed measures assessing insomnia and depressive symptoms, fatigue, social problem-solving ability, hopelessness, and suicide ideation...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077395/is-insomnia-a-risk-factor-for-decreased-influenza-vaccine-response
#13
Daniel J Taylor, Kimberly Kelly, Marian L Kohut, Kai-Sheng Song
Healthy young adult college students (N = 133) with Insomnia (n = 65) or No Insomnia (n = 68) were compared on influenza serum antibody levels pre- and four weeks postvaccination. Volunteers underwent structured clinical interviews for sleep disorders to ensure insomnia diagnoses, as well as psychiatric interviews, physical examinations, and drug testing to ensure comorbid health problems were not potential confounds. There were significant time (both groups had increases in antibody levels pre- to postvaccination) and group (Insomnia group had lower HI antibody levels overall) main effects, but the time x group interaction was nonsignificant...
April 14, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026556/-effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-improving-the-sleep-quality-of-puerperae
#14
Chien-Tzu Liu, Jung-Nien Lai, Yi-Li Ko
BACKGROUND: Puerperae exhibit generally poor sleep quality. Previous studies have shown auricular acupressure as effective in improving the sleep problems of nurses, college students, and elderly indigenous Taiwanese women. However, no study has yet examined the effectiveness of auricular acupressure in improving the sleep quality of postpartum women. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of auricular acupressure (AA) on puerperae who were affected by sleep disturbance...
April 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265887/referral-practices-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-survey-study
#15
Deirdre A Conroy, Matthew R Ebben
This study examined referring practices for cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) by physicians at University of Michigan Hospitals and Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University. A five-item questionnaire was sent via email that inquired about the physician's patient load, number of patients complaining of insomnia, percent referred for CBTI, and impressions of what is the most effective method for improving sleep quality in their patients with insomnia. The questionnaire was completed by 239 physicians...
2015: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088213/fibromyalgia-the-prototypical-central-sensitivity-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Chad S Boomershine
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM), the most common central sensitivity syndrome (CSS) affecting over 5% of the population, is a disorder of chronic widespread pain accompanied by numerous other symptoms that causes significant functional impairment. The core FM symptom domains can be recalled using the FIBRO mnemonic and include Fatigue and Fog (cognitive dysfunction), Insomnia (difficulties with all aspects of sleep including initiation, maintenance and restorative), Blues (depression and anxiety), Rigidity (stiffness in muscles and joints) and Ow! (widespread pain and tenderness)...
2015: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26069465/symptomatology-and-comorbidity-of-somatization-disorder-amongst-general-outpatients-attending-a-family-medicine-clinic-in-south-west-nigeria
#17
A M Obimakinde, M M Ladipo, A E Irabor
BACKGROUND: Individuals with somatization may be the most difficult to manage because of the diverse and frequent complaints across many organ systems. They often use impressionistic language to describe circumstantial symptoms which though bizarre, may resemble genuine diseases. The disorder is best understood in the context "illness" behaviour, masking underlying mental disorder, manifesting solely as somatic symptoms or with comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate somatization symptoms and explore its comorbidity in order to improve the management of these patients...
December 2014: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26011093/caregiving-for-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-dementia-and-its-association-with-psychiatric-and-clinical-comorbidities-and-other-health-outcomes-in-brazil
#18
Jerson Laks, Amir Goren, Héctor Dueñas, Diego Novick, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with dementia due to Alzheimer's disease often receive care from family members who experience associated burden. This study provides the first broad, population-based account of caregiving-related health outcome burden in Brazil. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2012 National Health and Wellness Survey in Brazil (n = 12,000), an Internet-based survey of adults (aged 18+ years), using stratified sampling by sex and age to ensure demographic representation of Brazil's adult population...
February 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25804114/-the-nhg-guideline-sleep-problems-and-sleeping-pills
#19
REVIEW
Zamire Damen-van Beek, Peter L B J Lucassen, Wim Gorgels, Antonette F H Smelt, Arie Knuistingh Neven, Margriet Bouma
The Dutch College of General Practitioners' (NHG) guideline 'Sleep problems and sleeping pills' provides recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of the most prevalent sleep problems and for the management of chronic users of sleeping pills. The preferred approach for sleeplessness is not to prescribe medication but to give information and behavioural advice. Practice assistants of the Dutch Association of Mental Health and Addiction Care are also expected to be able to undertake this management. The GP may consider prescribing sleeping pills for a short period only in cases of severe insomnia with considerable distress...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25671578/self-rated-health-status-and-subjective-health-complaints-associated-with-health-promoting-lifestyles-among-urban-chinese-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jingru Cheng, Tian Wang, Fei Li, Ya Xiao, Jianlu Bi, Jieyu Chen, Xiaomin Sun, Liuguo Wu, Shengwei Wu, Yanyan Liu, Ren Luo, Xiaoshan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether self-rated health status (SRH) and subjective health complaints (SHC) of urban Chinese women are associated with their health-promoting lifestyles (HPL). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 8142 eligible Chinese participants between 2012 and 2013. Demographic and SHC data were collected. Each subject completed the SRH questionnaire and the Chinese version of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II)...
2015: PloS One
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