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"Therapeutic exercise"

Luigi Tesio, Chiara Malloggi, Calogero Malfitano, Carlo A Coccetta, Luigi Catino, Viviana Rota
Walking on a split-belt treadmill (each of the two belts running at a different speed) has been proposed as an experimental paradigm to investigate the flexibility of the neural control of gait and as a form of therapeutic exercise. However, the scarcity of dynamic investigations challenges the validity of the available findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the dynamic asymmetries of lower limbs of healthy adults during adaptation to gait on a split-belt treadmill. Ten healthy adults walked on a split-belt treadmill mounted on force sensors, with belts running either at the same speed ('tied' condition) or at different speeds ('split' condition, 0...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Julia Bidonde, Angela Busch, Marie Westby, Glen P Kenny, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Prinon Rahman, Gino De Angelis, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed (1) to evaluate the therapeutic validity of exercise interventions included in a previous umbrella systematic review of high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the management of fibromyalgia; and (2) to explore whether exercise interventions with high therapeutic validity and that meet the 2013 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines are positively associated with greater pain relief. METHODS: Therapeutic validity was evaluated based on the CONsensus on Therapeutic Exercise and Training (CONTENT) scale, in high methodological quality RCTs found in the nine systematic reviews of a previous umbrella review on exercise interventions in the management of fibromyalgia...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Licht Miyamoto
 Physical exercise is well known to be beneficial to our health. Therapeutic exercise is widely applicable to metabolic disorders, including obesity and diabetes. In addition, recent studies have suggested its potential benefit in the treatment of more various diseases such as mental disorders and cancer. 5'AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is an intracellular central metabolic sensor as well as a regulator, has been demonstrated to play significant roles in the contracting skeletal muscles, suggesting that AMPK should be one of the key molecules mediating metabolic effects during physical exercise...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Barton N Bishop, Jay Greenstein, Jena L Etnoyer-Slaski, Heidi Sterling, Robert Topp
Background: Strengthening and activation of the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius while minimizing the contribution of the tensor fascia latae are important components in the treatment of many lower limb injuries. Previous researchers have evaluated a myriad of exercises that activate the gluteus maximus (GMax) and gluteus medius (GMed), however, limited research has been performed describing the role of the addition of elastic resistance to commonly used exercises. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the gluteal-to-tensor fascia latae muscle activation (GTA index) and compare electromyographic muscle activation of the GMax, GMed, and TFL while performing 13 commonly prescribed exercises designed to target the GMax and GMed...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
John J Fraser, Jay Hertel
A healthy 19-year-old male college student (height = 177.8 cm, mass = 64.3 kg, body mass index = 20.3 kg/m2 , Foot Posture Index = -1) participating in a study sustained a grade 2 inversion lateral ankle sprain 3 days after completing patient-reported outcome measures. A treatment protocol including therapeutic exercises and midfoot mobilizations was provided. Patient-reported outcomes assessing physical health, mental health, and foot-ankle function were completed 3 days preinjury and 1, 3, and 12 weeks postinjury...
August 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Shahnaz Shahrbanian, Parisa Sayyadi, Kieran O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the results related to the effects of corrective exercises on postural variables in individuals with forward head posture (FHP). METHODS: A systematic review of the electronic literature through February 2017 was independently performed by 2 investigators. The electronic databases searched included PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, Google Scholar, and Scopus...
July 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Gabriele Grunig, Christina A Eichstaedt, Jeremias Verweyen, Nedim Durmus, Stephanie Saxer, Greta Krafsur, Kurt Stenmark, Silvia Ulrich, Ekkehard Grünig, Serhiy Pylawka
Rationale: Therapeutic exercise training has been shown to significantly improve pulmonary hypertension (PH), including 6-min walking distance and right heart function. Supplemental nightly oxygen also has therapeutic effects. A biomarker tool that could query critical gene networks would aid in understanding the molecular effects of the interventions. Methods: Paired bio-banked serum ( n = 31) or plasma ( n = 21) samples from the exercise or oxygen intervention studies, respectively, and bio-banked plasma samples ( n = 20) from high altitude induced PH in cattle were tested...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Mohammad Rahbar, Yaqhoub Salekzamani, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Fariba Eslamian, Alireza Niroumand, Neda Dolatkhah
BACKGROUND: Hippotherapy is a form of therapeutic exercise for conservative treatment of lumbar spine segmental instability and/or hypomobility in subjects with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluates the effects of a hippotherapy simulator on pain, disability, and range of motion (ROM) of the spinal column in subjects with mechanical LBP. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 80 subjects were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention groups...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Stephanie R Albin, Shane L Koppenhaver, Drew H Van Boerum, Thomas G McPoil, James Morgan, Julie M Fritz
Study design: Randomized clinical trial. Background: Patients with fractures to the talus and calcaneus report decreased functional outcomes and develop long-term functional limitations. Although physical therapy is typically not initiated until six weeks after fixation, there's little research on the optimal time to initiate a formal physical therapy program. Objectives: To assess whether initiating physical therapy including range of motion (ROM) and manual therapy two weeks post-operatively (EARLY) vs...
July 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Cinthia S M Amorim, Adriana S Espirito Santo, Marjorie Sommer, Amélia P Marques
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this literature review was to examine the effect of physical therapy in bruxism treatment. METHODS: The data sources used were Medline, Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, SPORTDiscus, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. We included randomized and nonrandomized and controlled and noncontrolled clinical trials and interventions focused on physical therapy as treatment for sleep bruxism or awake bruxism...
June 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Andrea K Daniels, Rudolph L Van Niekerk
Introduction: Attitudes, responses, and reactions of HIV-positive women in three sub-Saharan African regions toward a therapeutic exercise intervention, aimed to determine the presence of depression and low body self-image, were captured. This provided insight into body satisfaction and desire to exercise (Stage 1, n=60), body self-image and depression (Stage 2, n=60), and overall concerns around the often adverse side effects of antiretroviral treatment (ART). A program of therapeutic (specialty) exercise was developed for the experimental design (Stage 2), to quantify the psychological side effects of these variables...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
Álvaro Megía García, Diego Serrano-Muñoz, Elisabeth Bravo-Esteban, Sara Ando Lafuente, Juan Avendaño-Coy, Julio Gómez-Soriano
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has an analgesic effect greater than placebo or other treatments in patients with fibromyalgia. Furthermore, it was intended to analyze the optimal application parameters to achieve a greater reduction of pain. DESIGN: A systematic review. DATA SOURCE: Randomized clinical trials on the effect of TENS on fibromyalgia in the databases Pubmed, Cochrane and PEDro until November 2016...
July 17, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Luis Ceballos Laita, Cristina Tejedor Cubillo, Teresa Mingo Gómez, Sandra Jiménez Del Barrio
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of corrective, therapeutic exercise techniques on subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A systematic review was conducted by searching the Cochrane Library Plus, Pubmed, PEDro, and SCOPUS databases. Studies in patients diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis that considered corrective, therapeutic exercise as an independent outcome measure and symptoms, functional capacity, Cobb's angle and/or other angles or body asymmetries as dependent outcome measures were included...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Bob Radder, Gerdienke Prange-Lasonder, Anke I R Kottink, Alejandro Melendez-Calderon, Jaap H Buurke, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a wear-able, soft-robotic glove system developed to combine assistive support in daily life with performing therapeutic exercises on a computer at home (the HandinMind system). DESIGN: Feasibility study. PATIENTS: Five chronic stroke patients with limitations in activities of daily living due to impaired hand function. METHODS: Participants performed a usability test and several functional tasks with the HandinMind system across 2 sessions...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kyle Feldman, Carla Franck, Christine Schauerte
INTRODUCTION: Without a definitive single pathoanatomical origin for groin pain, management is difficult. The purpose of this case report is to describe the differential diagnosis and management of an individual with a traumatic groin strain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47-year-old sedentary male truck driver presented to physical therapy with a 2-month history of right medial groin pain. Pushing the gas pedal and sitting were painful activities. Pain was 3-8/10 on the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)...
July 6, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Anthony Beutler
Physical therapy (PT) modalities are a diverse group of treatments for musculoskeletal pain. Iontophoresis, phonophoresis, kinesiology taping, laser therapy, and myofascial release are some of the most commonly used and are best considered as adjuncts to exercise. Each modality is relatively safe, but none is supported by high-quality evidence in the management of most musculoskeletal conditions. Individual patient response to such modalities is variable. Neither iontophoresis nor phonophoresis has been shown to have greater benefits for neck or back pain than supervised PT...
July 2018: FP Essentials
Opeyemi O Babatunde, Amardeep Legha, Chris Littlewood, Linda S Chesterton, Martin J Thomas, Hylton B Menz, Danielle van der Windt, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of current treatment options for plantar heel pain (PHP). DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA). DATA SOURCES: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, Cochrane Database, Web of Science and WHO Clinical Trials Platform were searched from their inception until January 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults with PHP investigating common treatments (ie, corticosteroid injection, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, therapeutic exercise, orthoses and/or extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT)) compared with each other or a no treatment, placebo/sham control...
June 28, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Eleuterio A Sánchez-Romero, Daniel Pecos-Martín, César Calvo-Lobo, Victoria Ochoa-Sáez, Verónica Burgos-Caballero, Josué Fernández-Carnero
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the dry needling (DN) approach on knee osteoarthritis (KO) patients. The study's aim was to evaluate the short-term efficacy of adding DN to a therapeutic exercise protocol in the treatment of KO in older adults. METHODS: A double-blind, pilot clinical trial with parallel groups [NCT02698072] was carried out for 12 weeks of treatment and follow-up. Twenty patients aged 65 years and older with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the muscles of the thigh were recruited from older-adult care centers and randomly assigned to a DN + Exercise group or a Sham-DN + Exercise group...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Janine M Wilson, Erica McKenzie, Katja Duesterdieck-Zellmer
To define which biologic, electrophysical and other modalities are used in horses for injury or performance issues, a questionnaire regarding 38 modalities was distributed to eight veterinary groups. A total of 305 complete or partial responses were obtained from over 10 geographic regions; 75.4% from private equine practice or regional private equine referral hospitals, 14.1% from university teaching hospitals or satellite clinics, 8.2% from private mixed animal practice, and 2.3% from veterinary rehabilitation centers...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Lucie Brosseau, Odette Thevenot, Olivia MacKiddie, Jade Taki, George A Wells, Paulette Guitard, Guillaume Léonard, Nicole Paquet, Sibel Z Aydin, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Rikke Helene Moe, Kamran Shaikh, Wendy Gifford, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' S Aburub, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Milkana Borges Cosic, Nina Østerås, Sabrina Lue, Tokiko Hamasaki, Nathaly Gaudreault, Tanveer E Towheed, Sahil Koppikar, Ingvild Kjeken, Dharini Mahendira, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Marie Westby, Lucie Laferrière, Guy Longchamp
OBJECTIVE: To identify programmes involving therapeutic exercise that are effective for the management of hand osteoarthritis and to provide stakeholders with updated, moderate to high-quality recommendations supporting exercises for hand osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparable trials with exercise programmes for managing hand osteoarthritis. Based on the evaluated evidence, a panel of experts reached consensus through a Delphi approach endorsing the recommendations...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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