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Montserrat Martínez-Pineda, Cristina Yagüe-Ruiz, Alberto Caverni-Muñoz, Antonio Vercet-Tormo
OBJECTIVE: It has been observed that the consumption of legumes within a varied and Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects in prevention and control of many diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, legumes have also been considered a good source of protein for CKD patients. However, despite their benefits, guidelines still recommend a limit to their consumption by these patients because of legumes' high potassium and phosphorus content, which are minerals whose intake must be controlled...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Shweta Meshram, Jai Singh Patel, Sudheer K Yadav, Gagan Kumar, Dhananjaya P Singh, Harikesh B Singh, Birinchi K Sarma
Lignifications in secondary cell walls play a significant role in defense mechanisms of plants against the invading pathogens. In the present study, we investigated Trichoderma strain specific lignifications in chickpea plants pre-treated with 10 potential Trichoderma strains and subsequently challenged with the wilt pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Foc). Trichoderma-induced lignifications in chickpea were observed through histochemical staining and expression of some genes of the lignin biosynthetic pathway...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Maryam Kazemi, Laura E McBreairty, Donna R Chizen, Roger A Pierson, Philip D Chilibeck, Gordon A Zello
We compared the effects of a low-glycemic index pulse-based diet, containing lentils, beans, split peas, and chickpeas, to the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) diet on cardio-metabolic measures in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Ninety-five women (18⁻35 years) enrolled in a 16-week intervention; 30 women in the pulse-based and 31 in the TLC groups completed the study. Women participated in aerobic exercise training (minimum 5 days/week for 45 min/day) and were counselled (monthly) about PCOS and lifestyle modification...
September 30, 2018: Nutrients
Dipak Gayen, Saurabh Gayali, Pragya Barua, Nilesh Vikram Lande, Swati Varshney, Shantanu Sengupta, Subhra Chakraborty, Niranjan Chakraborty
Mitochondria play crucial roles in regulating multiple biological processes particularly electron transfer and energy metabolism in eukaryotic cells. Exposure to water-deficit or dehydration may affect mitochondrial function, and dehydration response may dictate cell fate decisions. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteome of a winter legume, chickpea, demonstrated the central metabolic alterations in mitochondria, presumably involved in dehydration adaptation. Three-week-old chickpea seedlings were subjected to progressive dehydration and the magnitude of dehydration-induced compensatory physiological responses was monitored in terms of physicochemical characteristics and mitochondrial architecture...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Shainy Nhattuketty Krishnan, Anuraj Nayarisseri, Usha Rajamanickam
Cresols are ubiquitous due to industrial production and natural presence. o-cresol (2-methyl phenol) is highly toxic to both fauna and flora. It has been included in the EPA list as one of the priority pollutants. The deleterious effects of pesticides, herbicides, and many other chemical compounds on seed germination are known. However, the effect of o-cresol on seed germination is not known. Therefore, it is of interest to study the effect of o-cresol on germination of 13 different vegetable crop seeds using standard Filter Paper Method...
2018: Bioinformation
Xariss M Sánchez-Chino, Cristian Jiménez Martínez, Erika B León-Espinosa, Leticia Garduño-Siciliano, Isela Álvarez-González, Eduardo Madrigal-Bujaidar, Verónica R Vásquez-Garzón, Rafael Baltiérrez-Hoyos, Gloria Dávila-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: Colon cancer occupies the third place in incidence worldwide; eating habits, in particular, consumption of hypercaloric diets, are relevant in its etiopathogenesis. On the other hand, foods can also modulate carcinogenesis: for example, proteins, which when hydrolyzed release peptides with biological activities, and legumes, especially, chickpea, represent a good source of hydrolysates. The objective of this work was to verify the inhibitory effect of chickpea hydrolyzed protein on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced carcinogenesis in mice fed a hypercaloric diet...
September 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Gurpreet Singh, Harkamal Kaur Sahota
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fungicides, though beneficial for agricultural productivity, are known to interfere with the basic metabolism and induce the formation of various biomolecules and also alter the physiological parameters of plant growth. The present study is an attempt to understand the effect of different conc. of benzimidazole (Carbendazim) and dithocarbamate (Mancozeb) fungicides on photosynthetic components such as chlorophyll content, total sugar and phenolic content and various antioxidative enzymes in developing seedlings of chickpea...
September 4, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Mohar Singh, Savita Rani, Nikhil Malhotra, Gopal Katna, Ashutosh Sarker
The wild species of chickpea have tremendous potential for enhancing genetic gains of cultigen and have resistant accessions against major biotic and abiotic stresses. In the present study, two wild annual accessions, one each of C. reticulatum Ladiz. (ILWC 229) and C. echinospermum Davis (ILWC 246) were assessed for their agro-morphological features and hybridized with different cultivated varieties (BGD 72, PBG 5, ICKG 96029, Pusa 372 and JG 11) of chickpea. Fertile F1 plants were developed as revealed by their normal meiotic chromosomal configuration including high pollen stainability percentage and seed set...
2018: PloS One
Udita Basu, Rishi Srivastava, Deepak Bajaj, Virevol Thakro, Anurag Daware, Naveen Malik, Hari D Upadhyaya, Swarup K Parida
We discovered 2150 desi and 2199 kabuli accessions-derived SNPs by cultivar-wise individual assembling of sequence-reads generated through genotyping-by-sequencing of 92 chickpea accessions. Subsequent large-scale validation and genotyping of these SNPs discovered 619 desi accessions-derived (DAD) SNPs, 531 kabuli accessions-derived (KAD) SNPs, 884 multiple accessions-derived (MAD) SNPs and 1083 two accessions (desi ICC 4958 and kabuli CDC Frontier)-derived (TAD) SNPs that were mapped on eight chromosomes. These informative SNPs were annotated in coding/non-coding regulatory sequence components of genes...
September 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Avijit Tarafdar, T Swaroopa Rani, U S Sharath Chandran, Raju Ghosh, Devashish R Chobe, Mamta Sharma
Plants being sessile are under constant threat of multiple abiotic and biotic stresses within its natural habitat. A combined stress involving an abiotic and a biotic factor reportedly increases susceptibility of the plants to pathogens. The emerging threat, collar rot disease of chickpea (caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.) is reported to be influenced by soil moisture condition (SMC). Hence, we studied the influence of differential SMC viz . upper optimum (100%), optimum (80%), lower optimum (60%), and limiting (40%) soil moisture conditions on colonization and collar rot development over the course of infection in two chickpea cultivars, Annigeri (susceptible to collar rot) and ICCV 05530 (moderately resistant to collar rot)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
E Valadez-Moctezuma, A J Cabrera-Hidalgo
A priority in the management and use of elite plant materials for breeding has been based on molecular markers or DNA sequencing of entire genomes, in order to perform genetic differentiation which is still quite costly. Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum ) is one of the species with genomic monotony and very low polymorphism, and its detection even with DNA markers has not been easy. In germplasm banks, the genetic distinction is a priority in order to use properly selected lines. In this study, 57 chickpea accessions from a germplasm bank were analyzed by using nrRAMP (non-radioactive Random Amplified Microsatellite Polymorphism) markers, and their genetic variability was determined...
September 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Muhammad Hamza, Muhammad Nouman Tahir, Roma Mustafa, Hira Kamal, Muhammad Zuhaib Khan, Shahid Mansoor, Rob W Briddon, Imran Amin
Spinach is a common vegetable crop and very little data is available about its virus infection. Symptomatic leaves of spinach were collected during field survey. Circular DNA molecules were amplified from symptomatic samples using rolling circle amplification (RCA). After restriction analysis, presumed bands of virus and satellites were cloned, sequenced and analyzed. Analysis of sequenced RCA product revealed the presence of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV; Mastrevirus). Further analyses of the cloned virus showed that strain "C" of CpCDV was present in symptomatic samples of spinach collected from field associated with vein darkening, curling and enations on leaves...
September 2, 2018: Virus Research
Sofie E De Meyer, Katinka X Ruthrof, Tom Edwards, Anna J M Hopkins, Giles Hardy, Graham O'Hara, John Howieson
Given that phosphate supplies may diminish and become uneconomic to mine after 2020, there is a compelling need to develop alternative industries to support the population on Christmas Island. Former mine sites could be turned into productive agricultural land, however, large-scale commercial agriculture has never been attempted, and, given the uniqueness of the island, the diversity of rhizobia prior to introducing legumes needed evaluation. Therefore, 84 rhizobia isolates were obtained from nine different hosts, both crop and introduced legumes, located at seven sites across the island...
August 4, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Shelly M Palmer, Donna M Winham, Ann M Oberhauser, Ruth E Litchfield
The purpose of this study was to determine the socio-ecological influences on dry grain pulse consumption (beans, peas, lentils, chickpeas) among low-socioeconomic women in Iowa. Seven focus groups were conducted, with 36 women who qualified for income-based federal assistance. Data were collected from October 2017 to January 2018. Participants completed a survey that gathered individual demographics, assessed perceptions of dry grain pulses, and level of food security. Fifty-eight percent of the women were non-Hispanic white, and 39% were African American, all with an average age of 34...
August 17, 2018: Nutrients
Marco Montemurro, Erica Pontonio, Marco Gobbetti, Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello
In recent years, recommendations on whole grains consumption have been added to the overall dietary guidelines of many countries around the world. Despite the many benefits on human health, whole grains contain several anti-nutritional factors which decrease their nutritional quality leading to a poor use in human diet. Here, an integrate biotechnological approach, combining germination and sourdough fermentation with selected lactic acid bacteria, was set-up in order to improve the functional and nutritional quality of wheat, barley, chickpea, lentil and quinoa grains...
August 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Manish Roorkiwal, Diego Jarquin, Muneendra K Singh, Pooran M Gaur, Chellapilla Bharadwaj, Abhishek Rathore, Reka Howard, Samineni Srinivasan, Ankit Jain, Vanika Garg, Sandip Kale, Annapurna Chitikineni, Shailesh Tripathi, Elizabeth Jones, Kelly R Robbins, Jose Crossa, Rajeev K Varshney
Genomic selection (GS) by selecting lines prior to field phenotyping using genotyping data has the potential to enhance the rate of genetic gains. Genotype × environment (G × E) interaction inclusion in GS models can improve prediction accuracy hence aid in selection of lines across target environments. Phenotypic data on 320 chickpea breeding lines for eight traits for three seasons at two locations were recorded. These lines were genotyped using DArTseq (1.6 K SNPs) and Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS; 89 K SNPs)...
August 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ada Keila Milán-Noris, Janet Alejandra Gutiérrez-Uribe, Arlette Santacruz, Sergio O Serna-Saldívar, Cristina Martínez-Villaluenga
It is largely unknown how processing affects bioactive potential of chickpea proteins to prevent bowel inflammatory diseases. The aim was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of protein concentrates from germinated and cooked chickpeas (GC and CC, respectively) and its relationship with protein and isoflavone composition before and after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and absorption. Anti-inflammatory activity of GC digests was almost 2-fold higher than CC digests (p < 0.05), which was associated to greater content of peptides, formononetin and biochanin A (p < 0...
December 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
S G Kumari, A R Moukahel, A A Hamed, M Sharman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2018: Plant Disease
Morad Mousazadeh, Mohammad Mousavi, Gholamreza Askari, Hossein Kiani, Isabelle Adt, Adem Gharsallaoui
In the present work, the interactions between chickpea protein isolate (10 g·L-1 ) and soluble fraction of Persian gum with various concentrations (from 0 to 14 g·L-1 ) at different pH (3, 5, and 7) was characterized using turbidity, zeta-potential, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). The turbidity was significantly measured bigger at pH 3 than others followed by pH 7 and the minimum value of turbidity was obtained for pH 5...
November 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Frank J Messina, Alexandra M Lish, Zachariah Gompert
Cosmopolitan pests can consist of geographic populations that differ in their current host ranges or in their ability to colonize a novel host. We compared the responses of cowpea-adapted, seed-beetle populations (Callosobruchus maculatus [F.] (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae)) from Africa, North America, and South America to four novel legumes: chickpea, lentil, mung bean, and pea. We also qualitatively compared these results to those obtained earlier for an Asian population. For each host, we measured larval survival to adult emergence and used both no-choice and choice tests to estimate host acceptance...
October 3, 2018: Environmental Entomology
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