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Manish Roorkiwal, Diego Jarquin, Muneendra K Singh, Pooran M Gaur, Chellapilla Bharadwaj, Abhishek Rathore, Reka Howard, Samineni Srinivasan, Ankit Jain, Vanika Garg, Sandip Kale, Annapurna Chitikineni, Shailesh Tripathi, Elizabeth Jones, Kelly R Robbins, Jose Crossa, Rajeev K Varshney
Genomic selection (GS) by selecting lines prior to field phenotyping using genotyping data has the potential to enhance the rate of genetic gains. Genotype × environment (G × E) interaction inclusion in GS models can improve prediction accuracy hence aid in selection of lines across target environments. Phenotypic data on 320 chickpea breeding lines for eight traits for three seasons at two locations were recorded. These lines were genotyped using DArTseq (1.6 K SNPs) and Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS; 89 K SNPs)...
August 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ada Keila Milán-Noris, Janet Alejandra Gutiérrez-Uribe, Arlette Santacruz, Sergio O Serna-Saldívar, Cristina Martínez-Villaluenga
It is largely unknown how processing affects bioactive potential of chickpea proteins to prevent bowel inflammatory diseases. The aim was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of protein concentrates from germinated and cooked chickpeas (GC and CC, respectively) and its relationship with protein and isoflavone composition before and after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and absorption. Anti-inflammatory activity of GC digests was almost 2-fold higher than CC digests (p < 0.05), which was associated to greater content of peptides, formononetin and biochanin A (p < 0...
December 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
S G Kumari, A R Moukahel, A A Hamed, M Sharman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2018: Plant Disease
Morad Mousazadeh, Mohammad Mousavi, Gholamreza Askari, Hossein Kiani, Isabelle Adt, Adem Gharsallaoui
In the present work, the interactions between chickpea protein isolate (10 g·L-1 ) and soluble fraction of Persian gum with various concentrations (from 0 to 14 g·L-1 ) at different pH (3, 5, and 7) was characterized using turbidity, zeta-potential, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). The turbidity was significantly measured bigger at pH 3 than others followed by pH 7 and the minimum value of turbidity was obtained for pH 5...
July 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Frank J Messina, Alexandra M Lish, Zachariah Gompert
Cosmopolitan pests can consist of geographic populations that differ in their current host ranges or in their ability to colonize a novel host. We compared the responses of cowpea-adapted, seed-beetle populations (Callosobruchus maculatus [F.] (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae)) from Africa, North America, and South America to four novel legumes: chickpea, lentil, mung bean, and pea. We also qualitatively compared these results to those obtained earlier for an Asian population. For each host, we measured larval survival to adult emergence and used both no-choice and choice tests to estimate host acceptance...
July 20, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Ameya D Bendre, C G Suresh, Dhanasekaran Shanmugam, Sureshkumar Ramasamy
Kunitz type trypsin inhibitors bind to the active pocket of trypsin causing its inhibition. Plant Kunitz type inhibitors are thought to be important in defense, especially against insect pests. From sequence analysis of various Kunitz type inhibitors from plants, we identified CaTI2 from chickpea as a unique variant lacking the functionally important arginine residue corresponding to the Soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) and having a distinct and unique inhibitory loop organization. To further explore the implications of these sequence variations, we obtained the crystal structure of recombinant CaTI2 at 2...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Pronob J Paul, Srinivasan Samineni, Mahendar Thudi, Sobhan B Sajja, Abhishek Rathore, Roma R Das, Aamir W Khan, Sushil K Chaturvedi, Gera Roopa Lavanya, Rajeev K Varshney, Pooran M Gaur
Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.), a cool-season legume, is increasingly affected by heat-stress at reproductive stage due to changes in global climatic conditions and cropping systems. Identifying quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for heat tolerance may facilitate breeding for heat tolerant varieties. The present study was aimed at identifying QTLs associated with heat tolerance in chickpea using 292 F8-9 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) developed from the cross ICC 4567 (heat sensitive) × ICC 15614 (heat tolerant)...
July 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Neera Garg, Amrit Bharti
Salt stress is a major abiotic stress restricting plant growth and reproductive yield. Salicylic acid (SA) and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses play key roles in eliminating adverse effects of salt stress by modulating ion homeostasis and carbohydrate metabolism in crop plants. Sugars synthesized via carbohydrate metabolism act as osmotic adjustors and signaling molecules in activation of various defense responses against salt stress. The present study investigated the role of SA (0.5 mM) seed priming in establishment of AM symbiosis with Rhizoglomus intraradices and the impact on growth, ion-homeostasis, nutrient uptake, and sugar metabolism in Cicer arietinum L...
July 24, 2018: Mycorrhiza
Gustavo A Camelo-Méndez, Juscelino Tovar, Luis A Bello-Pérez
Due to its bioactive compounds, blue maize flour is a valuable ingredient for developing gluten-free products. The incorporation of alternative flours into gluten-free pasta is a challenge as it usually results in products that, despite their enhanced nutraceutical features, show reduced quality characteristics. Composite pasta was prepared with variable (25, 50 and 75%) contents of flours from white and blue maize, chickpea and unripe plantain, following a laboratory-scale process. The composite pasta exhibited acceptable cooking loss (9-11%); pasta with blue maize showed lower hardness and chewiness, but higher adhesiveness than its white maize-based counterpart...
July 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
C M Parihar, M D Parihar, Tek B Sapkota, R K Nanwal, A K Singh, S L Jat, H S Nayak, D M Mahala, L K Singh, S K Kakraliya, Clare M Stirling, M L Jat
Given the increasing scarcity of production resources such as water, energy and labour coupled with growing climatic risks, maize-based production systems could be potential alternatives to intensive rice-wheat (RW) rotation in western Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP). Conservation agriculture (CA) in maize systems has been widely promoted for minimizing soil degradation and ensuring sustainability under emerging climate change scenario. Such practices are also believed to provide mitigation co-benefits through reduced GHG emission and increased soil carbon sequestration...
November 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Barış Mustafa Poyraz, Ayşegül Alkılıç, Murat Özkan, Servet Seçkin Tunç Kasap, Numan Numanoğlu, Gökhan Tulunay
Foreign body aspiration is a serious health problem in all age groups, and in pregnancy it may cause serious complications for the fetus as well as the pregnant woman. Here we present our case of a 36 years old 22 weeks pregnant woman, accidentally aspirating roasted chickpea upon laughing. She had the complaints of coughing and shortness of breath on admission, bronchoscopy was performed, and the roasted chickpea blocking the entrance of right lower lobe bronchus was removed without any complications. For foreign body aspiration in pregnancy, bronchoscopy is a rather safer procedure when performed by an experienced team...
March 2018: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Musa Kar
In this study, stress-related gene expression levels and the concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), which are oxidative stress markers, were investigated in the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) plant's roots that are exposed to cadmium (Cd). MDA and H2 O2 concentrations showed a linear increase. It was found that metallothionein-like gene (MT2) stress genes had a high level of expression at the 12-h application, while the kinetics of expression levels of glutathione reductase (GR1) and superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn/SOD) genes increased until 24 h of application with a decrease in expression levels by 48 h of application...
July 10, 2018: Ecotoxicology
Pooja Rani Aggarwal, Papri Nag, Pooja Choudhary, Niranjan Chakraborty, Subhra Chakraborty
Background: Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.), an important legume crop is one of the major source of dietary protein. Developing an efficient and reproducible transformation method is imperative to expedite functional genomics studies in this crop. Here, we present an optimized and detailed procedure for Agrobacterium rhizogenes -mediated root transformation of chickpea. Results: Transformation positive roots were obtained on selection medium after two weeks of A...
2018: Plant Methods
Endalkachew Wolde-Meskel, Joost van Heerwaarden, Birhan Abdulkadir, Sofia Kassa, Ibsa Aliyi, Tulu Degefu, Kissi Wakweya, Fred Kanampiu, Ken E Giller
The impacts of rhizobium inoculation on growth and yield of chickpea have mainly been tested in experiments conducted in greenhouses or on research stations. We report the response of the crop to inoculation (I) and phosphorus fertilizer (P) application across a large number of smallholder's farms over four regions of Ethiopia, covering diverse soil fertility and agro-ecological conditions. Increased grain yields due to the soil fertility treatments was evident for 99% target farmers. On average, I and P increased grain yield by 21% and 25% respectively, while the combined application of I and P resulted in a 38% increase...
July 1, 2018: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Sheraz Ahmad Bhat, Waseem Feeroze Bhat, Hussain Arif, Mohammad Afsar, Aamir Sohail, Md Shahnawaz Khan, Md Tabish Rehman, Rais Ahmad Khan, Bilqees Bano
Hyperglycaemic conditions facilitate the glycation of serum proteins which may have predisposition to aggregation and thus lead to complications. The current study investigates the glycation induced structural and functional modifications of chickpea cystatin (CPC) as well as biological toxicity of the modified protein forms, using CPC-glucose as a model system. Several structural intermediates were formed during the incubation of CPC with glucose (day 4, 8, 12, & 16) as revealed by circular dichroism (CD), altered intrinsic fluorescence, and high ANS binding...
June 28, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Grace Z H Tan, Sudipta S Das Bhowmik, Thi M L Hoang, Mohammad R Karbaschi, Hao Long, Alam Cheng, Julien P Bonneau, Jesse T Beasley, Alexander A T Johnson, Brett Williams, Sagadevan G Mundree
Iron deficiency currently affects over two billion people worldwide despite significant advances in technology and society aimed at mitigating this global health problem. Biofortification of food staples with iron (Fe) represents a sustainable approach for alleviating human Fe deficiency in developing countries, however, biofortification efforts have focused extensively on cereal staples while pulses have been largely overlooked. In this study we describe a genetic engineering (GE) approach to biofortify the pulse crop, chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
R L Jat, Pramod Jha, M L Dotaniya, B L Lakaria, I Rashmi, B P Meena, A O Shirale, A L Meena
Selection of appropriate residue application method is essential for better use of biomass for soil and environmental health improvement. A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted for 75 days to investigate C and N mineralization of residues of soybean (Glycine max L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), maize (Zea mays L.), and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) placed on the soil surface and incorporated into the soil. The residue of soybean and chickpea had a greater decomposition rate than that of maize and wheat, despite of their placements...
June 28, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Keyvan Mahdavi Mashaki, Vanika Garg, Ali Asghar Nasrollahnezhad Ghomi, Himabindu Kudapa, Annapurna Chitikineni, Khalil Zaynali Nezhad, Ahad Yamchi, Hasan Soltanloo, Rajeev Kumar Varshney, Mahendar Thudi
Drought is the most important constraint that effects chickpea production globally. RNA-Seq has great potential to dissect the molecular mechanisms of tolerance to environmental stresses. Transcriptome profiles in roots and shoots of two contrasting Iranian kabuli chickpea genotypes (Bivanij and Hashem) were investigated under water-limited conditions at early flowering stage using RNA-Seq approach. A total of 4,572 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. Of these, 261 and 169 drought stress responsive genes were identified in the shoots and the roots, respectively, and 17 genes were common in the shoots and the roots...
2018: PloS One
Manoj Kumar, Mohd Aslam Yusuf, Manisha Nigam, Manoj Kumar
Chickpea is a highly nutritious grain legume crop, widely appreciated as a health food, especially in the Indian subcontinent. The major constraints on chickpea production are biotic (Helicoverpa, bruchid, aphid, ascochyta) and abiotic (drought, heat, salt, cold) stresses, which reduce the yield by up to 90%. Various strategies like conventional breeding, molecular breeding, and modern plant breeding have been used to overcome these problems. Conventionally, breeding programs aim at development of varieties that combine maximum number of traits through inter-specific hybridization, wide hybridization, and hybridization involving more than two parents...
August 2018: Molecular Biotechnology
Himanshi Bhatia, Niraj Khemka, Mukesh Jain, Rohini Garg
DNA methylation is widely known to regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. Here, we unraveled DNA methylation patterns in cultivated chickpea to understand the regulation of gene expression in different organs. We analyzed the methylation pattern in leaf tissue of wild chickpea too, and compared it with cultivated chickpea. Our analysis indicated abundant CG methylation within gene-body and CHH methylation in intergenic regions of the chickpea genome in all the organs examined. Analysis of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) demonstrated a higher number of CG context DMRs in wild chickpea and CHH context DMRs in cultivated chickpea...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
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